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public shows is treated of at great able assertions at a latter period, having length.

attributed the preservation of Greek In the second volume, we have an books to the schism which divided the account of the bauh, denominated the Greek and Latin churches. It is his opiMante de Piete; observations on public nion, that the latter language would have instruction; the manner in which the absorbed the former, if the Roman church convents were governed, the ceremonies had triumphed; and he boldly inaintains, of marriage, burials, the carvivals, the that if the protestant religion had exlazzaroni, &c. The third commences tended itself throughout all Europe; the with a portrait of father Rocco, a domi- Latin language would have been entirely pican friar, who died a little before the forgotten, as then the vulgar tongue only revolution. His eloquence had an would have been used in divine worastonishing effect on the lazzaroncs, and ship. be sometimes obliged even the king While treating of a more recent pehimself to listen to the voice of truth, riod, Mr. Jardé details a variety of inteThe mention of the church of the An- resting facts. He observes, that at the nunciation, serves to introduce a few disastrous epoch of the revolution, when remarks relative to celebrated the people of France were obliged to sell queens, Joan I. and II. We have also their moveables in order to procure an account of the grotto of Pausilippo, bread, the English, Germans, and Rusthe tomb of Virgil, the Campo Santo, &c. sians obtained an immense number of

Nouveau Dictionnaire Portutif de valuable books and manuscripts. Even Bibliographique, &c.”. A new and por- at the present moment, according to him, table Biographical Dictionary, contain- the capital does not contain twelve libraing more than 23,000 articles of rarc, cu- ries worthy of being compared with the rious, and esteemed Books, with re- ancient ones of the second order; while marks to distinguish the different Edi- all the booksellers of Paris would not be tions, so as to be able to know the ori- able to furnish three fit to be compared ginal from the spurious ones. Second with that of the Duke de Vallière. edition, revised and augmented, by Fr. He complains greatly of certain specuIgn. Fournier, 1 vol. 8vo. Paris. lators, the intervention of whom between

The first edition of this work, we are the real purchasers and the booksellers, told, experienced an unexampled degree occasions a great loss to the latter, of success, having been entirely sold off These persons calculating on the prewithin the space of three years. This is vailing mania, make extraordinarycharges partly owing to the increase of urateurs, for large margins, yellow or flesh-coor book-fanciers, and partly to the pro- loured paper, useless dates, and even digious number of booksellers with which faults in printing. On the other hand, a Paris at this moment abounds, for the number of amateurs do not purchase a bibliomaniu was never so prevalent there book because it is good, but because it is

Never did France, it is said, scarce; and both these classes have put possess so few Greek and Latin scholars, it entirely out of the power of many men and yet, strange to be told! never were of letters to obtain the works of which the editions printed by the Elzivirs and they stand really in need. the Alduses sought after with such de- “We pray heartily,” says a French light. Cailleau in 1791, published a dic- critic, “ that it may one day be with tionary of the same kind as the present books as with other commodities, which in 3 vols. with the prices annexed, at are purchased for the sake of utility only. which period the sums given for similar There would then undoubtedly be fewer articles were far inferior to what is now booksellers, but they would be both readily obtained.

richer and more respectable; there This work is preceded by a disserta- would also be fewer libraries, but there tion written by M. Jardé, who appears to would be no useless ones, and thousands be an antiquary as well as a bookseller, of volumes heaped up without discernfor he alludes to patriarchal traditions, ment and without choice, by the rich and antediluvian memoirs which Noah and ignorant, would no longer be excarried with him into the ark, and which posed to be devoured by worms." served Moses as materials for the com- “ Description Statistique des Frontieres position of his Genesis! facts curious and Militoires de l'Autriche, &c." A Statissingular indeed of themselves, and which tical Descriptiou of the military frontiers only want something in the shape of of Austria, by J. A. Demian, an officer in proof. He also hazards a few question, the Austrian army, 1807. This is a con


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666 Retrospect of French, &c. Literature-Miscellaneous.

firmation of the general statistical account perception, and the sentiment of the of the Austrian monarchy, comprehended mind; the second, entitled “ Gamin" c. in four volumes; and such changes have tains dissertations relative to the systea since taken place, that this work inay be of Spinoza, with a hymn to Nature; the already considered in some measure obso- third is occupied with reflections on be lete. The military frontier commences, and egotism; and there is also, a store or rather didlately commence, at the Adri- ment to the letter of Hea-terasa atic sea, and extended along the boun- Desire; the fourth is entitled - The dary of Croatia, Sclavonia, the Bannat, Voice of Prometheus chained to Me and Transylvania, to the county of Ma- Caucasus. To complete this, ubicats Tamorosch, in Ilungary. This line of 230 the best edition, M. de Niuller istes miles was defended by a cordon of 4380 to add several more volumes. men, formed out of the inhabitants of the Dresden's Verstorbene und Lebend, country, wlio are at once soldiers and fc." Notices relative to tbe Aution cultivators.

Artists of Dresden, both dead and T. Pantheon der Russischen Literatur, &c. ing, classed methodically, with a triple Pantheon of Russian Literature, by Jean table of contents, vo. Dresden, 18. de la Croix, 1 vol. 8vo. Riga, 1806- The authors here mentioned are class 1809. This is the first volume of a work in the following order: in which the author undertakes to refute 1. Theologians. the opinion commonly spread abroad, 2. Pedagogues. that Russia is entirely destitute of litera- 3. Philosophers. ture. To controvert this, he has col- 4. Juris-consults. . lected and inserted a variety of memoirs 5. Physicians. that have appeared in the various public 6. Naturalists. journals of that immense empire.

7. Economists. The first of these is entitled, “ Obsera 8. Financiers. vations on the Sciences, the Arts, and the 9. Historians. Progress of Knowledge, originally in- 10. Geographers. serted in the Journal of the Aglaia, 11. Men of Letters. published by Karamsin.

12. Mathematicians. 2. Letters extracted from Ismailoff's 13. Tacticians. Journeys through Southern Russia. 14. Philologists.

3. The Sierra Morena, a novel, ex- 15. Those attached to the Bes tracted from the Aglaia.

Lettres. 4.- The Chimney, a tale, written by a 16. Grammarians, Russian lady.

17. Translators. 5. The Isle of Bornholm, a story, by 18. Journalists. Karamsin.

19. Composers. 6. Observations on Solitude, by the 20. Artists.

The last of these classes is subdsm 7. The Mode of living at Athens, by into painters, engravers, sculptors, 2

chitects, mechanicians, and makers 8. My Confession, by the same. instruments. The three tables coma

« Von Herders Samtliche Worke zur the names of the authors of all the Philosophie, &c.” The complete Works classes; those of the living authors, a of the late M. Herder, philosophical and the epochs of their birth, as well as the historical, 8 vols. large 8vo. Tubingen, of the artists. 1808. This editor has been at great « Mes Ecarts, &c." My Wandering pains to complete the collection of M. or the Fool who sells Wisdom, a mano de Herder's works.

script published by M. Coti-Ricer, Vol. 1, The Ancient World, with 5 formerly an Advocate of the Pariencia plates, and 3 vignettes.

of Paris, &c. 3 vols. 12mo. Vol. 2, A Preface to the Philosophy Dormenil

, who is the chief perscat of History, so far as it respects the hu- in this romance, is the son of are

spectable magistrate. His mother ca Vols. 3, 4, 5, and 6, contain ideas re- in consequence of his birth, and lating to the history of mankind. father determines never to marry 25

Vol. 8, of God and the Soul. The first in order that he might COERECTS portion of this last volume is devoted to all his affections, and dedicate al ibe consideration of what is terined the time, to rear and educate his only sa


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At the age of seventeen, however, we the parties met for the first time at
find him in possession of a handsome ten, and we believe no novellist on
person, little learning, and but few ac- the Continent would omit such a cha-
complishments," with an ardent mind, racteristic feature of our country.
and a head full of vivacity.".

The usual assiduities of a young man,
On leaving college, he decides in fa- rich, handsone, and debauched, are re-
vour of the profession of arıns, and is curred to, against a young creature, iga
taught to ride and to fence. He be- norant of the world, and of course cre.
gins with one youthful indiscretion, which dulous and incautious. The colonel
leads to many more, after which he soon forgets all his vows and deserts the
joins his regiment, gives an account of woman he has seduced. On his deathe
his amours, and his follies, and gets into bed, however, he beholds her with emo-
a thousand scrapes. A passion for play tions of a very different kind, marries
produces losses, and these induce him to the mother, recognizes her daughter, and
borrow. He then fights a duel, flies to dies happily!
Savoy, and engages in new intrigues ; In another moral tale, we are made
but is at times afflicted at the idea of acquainted with a nobleinan, who thinks
his own conduct, and attributes his re- he is a misanthrope, and yet proves the
morse to the principles of a good educa- most amiable, humane, and honourable
tion, and the early lessons of morality of mankind; he declares against mar-
instilled into his mind.

riage, and hates widows, and yet he
At length, after a variety of adven- concludes by being united with a widow!
tures, Dormenil returns to France, Several of the stories are written in such
enjoys an unexpected interview with a manner, as to produce considerable
the lady to whom he had first paid his effect.
addresses, and solicits the hand of the “ Espagne, par M. A. de Laborde, &c.”
fair Julia in marriage.

An Account of Spaio, by M, Alexander
My bappiness,” says he,

de Laborde.
passes the limits prescribed to human M. de Laborde, the celebrated banker
telicity, and if the uncertainty of its du- in Paris, had conceived the idea of com-
ration, now and then obscures it with a posing a Voyage Pittoresque de l'Es-
cloud, this is dissipated by a single pagne," with a variety of fine plates, and
smile from my wife, whose virtues con- executed after the manner of the Count
stitute the happiness and consolation of de Choiseul's work of the same kind.
my father. I entertain no other fear, That revolution, however, which has
than what arises from the possibility of elevated Joseph Bonaparte to the throne
being snatched from so much bliss, and of Spain, prevented the completion of his
even then, religion withdrawing the veil labours, and he has now contented hiin-
that separates this world from the next, self with a publication inferior to the
points out an eternal abode without former in every point of view.
fears for the future, or recollection of A large portion of the first volume,
the past."

is chiefly occupied with short directions
'Histoires Nouvelles et Contes Nio- for the use of a traveller; together with
reaux, &c." New Stories and Moral an account of the climate, and geogra-
T.les, containing Bettina; Clara, or phy of the respective provinces. An
a Convenient Marriage; Lucy, or the itinerary fills more than two other vo-
Error of a Moinent producing the l'ir- lumes, and this is followed by a disser-
tues of a whole Life; Gustavus, or the tation on the population, manufactures,
Anniversary of a Birth-day; Poor Sarah, government, &c.
&c.; by M. L. de Sevelinyes, 12mno. 1810. It is the opinion of this author, that

These little tales appeared in succession Spain was never in a more prosperous
in the Mercure de France, during the year state than at the period anterior to the
1809, and were read with great satisfac- present unhappy contest. In confirina-
tion; in consequence of which, they now tion of this, he asserts that it was not
make their appearance in the form of a only more populous, but better culti-
little volume. Some of these are forined vated than ever; facts which have been
on the English model, and in “ Lucy,” contradicted by a variety of native his-
we are introduced to a “ Lady Anne 'torians, and are indeed, in direct op
Rosehill," * Colonel Westbury," and a position to popular and received opi-
• Miss Dolmers," the heroine, who is nions. He also thinks, that the disa
the daughter of a clergyman, &c. In covery of Ainerica, instead of being
strict conformity to our daily practice, prejudicial, as hitberto supposed, to the


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668 Retrospect of French, &c. Literature-Miscellaneous.

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mother country, has, on the contrary, of wine, which is to be swallowed by the
proved highly advantageous. He con- patient, while the refuse of the plant is
tends that Spain was never depopulated applied as a cataplasm to the wound.
by emigration to her colonies, and that, A whole letter is occupied with the
instead of being impoverished by them, description of a ley, for seed-cort,
she has derived very extraordinary ad- and a recommendation to be caretal of
vantages within the last hundred years. diminishing the quantity usually soun
He describes the inhabitants as uniting one half. Another is occupied with an
great vivacity of character, with asto- eulogy on the potatoe, which appears
vishing slowness in point of action. still to be a rarity in some parts of
They awaken, we are told, from their France. The author boasts of being
constitutional apathy, the moment that able to dress it in a hundred different
their pride is irritated, their anger pro- modes, and even prefers this root to
voked, or their generosity stimulated. butcher's îneat, fowls, and game! The

We are astonished at the mild man- potatoes are sometimes roasted whole in ner in which the author treats of the In- the ashes; sometimes peeled and served quisition; and his justification of the with a rich gravy, at other times stewed, punishment of the poor Moors and Jews, introduced into ragonis, baulettes, bei by committing them to the flames, is gnets, and what is still more extraordicalculated to excite indignation in every nary, into salads! His tarts, which are generous hosom.

morc healthy, light, and pleasant, thn Recueil de Lettres et Dissertations those made of almonds, are always sur l'Agriculture, &•c.” A Collection of formed out of this vegetable, and in time Letters, and Dissertations, relative to of scarcity, by the help of rye or barleyAgriculture, the advantages derived from meal, it is converted into bread. the folding of sheep, the best means of Perhaps the proposition to obtain oil increasing the production of corn, and from the acorn, inay contain a good hint; fruits ot every kind. Here also are to it is recommended for the use of paintbe found, remedies for the most dan- ers, the preparation of varnish, &c. We gerous disorders, together with a va- are next presented with a letter on the riety of other interesting matters; to method of feeding bees during the wine which are added a few specimens of ter; and a composition of water and poetry; by D. L. J. R. De Scevole, a wine, mixed in equal parts with honey, learned proprietor, and cultivator at is recommended. Argenton, in the department of Indre. The following passage, although, like the 2 vols. 12mo.*

greater part of the work, it has nothing -Pater ipse colendi to do with agriculture, yet contains Haud facilem esse viam voluit, primusque much good sense. By way of introdueper artem

tion to a very simple receipt, for preMovit agros, curis acuens, mortalia corda. venting the bad effects of verdigrease,

Virg. Georg: lib. ii

. litharge, and white lead, the author obThe title-page of this work is given at “ That our ancestors were genefull length, and we shall notice several rally stronger, more vigorous, and more of the subjects, by way of exhibiting the healthy, than ourselves, and exhibited humble efforts of a French practical fewer pale faces and consumptive lungs, agriculturist. In one chapter we have than we do.” “ The reason is," adds be, a dissertation on the means of raising

“ because they did not inhabit little, silk-worms in the open ar, and on the narrow, close chambers, finely painied, mulberry tree. We are told, however, and varnished; they did not sleep in after the experiment had been fairly dark alcoves, with double cartaibs tried, that the silk-breeding insects were to their beds, and double glasses to all devoured by birds, lizards, and large their windows. The whole of a fanily “ flies,” the last of which is a tribe of in- assembled in one large apartment, where sects incapable of similar depredations, they warmed themselves, not by means at least in England. We are next pre of the suffocating heat of a stove, but at sented with a remedy for the cure of a chimney, largo in proportion to the the effects produced by the bite of room in which they assembled. The vipers; he prescribes the expressed air, which is the principle of life, circu juice of the craisette (cruciuta hir- lated freely around our fathers and mosutu), mingled with an equal quantity thers seated in this manner. If they

* Imported by Mr. De Boffe, Nassau- went out, they either rode or walked; stront, Sobo-square

they were never enclosed like so many


eastera deities, in little gilded boxes, tions of the French peasantry onhealthy. closely shut, and rolling along on wheels. We find that they are obliged from neIn fine, being destined by nature to cessity to reside under the same roof ap breathe a pure and healthy air, they their cattle, with only a thin separation did so, and were men." The mode between, and after they (themselves and pointed out for preventing newly-painted their cows) have repaired to the fields, rooms from being deleterious, is to keep their huts are generally shut up, while a fire constantly lighted in them, and their windows are constantly fastened. for a closet that is not provided with In addition to this, they lie on uncured a chimney, it is recommended to burn feather-beds, and use straw mattrasses a fire in an adjoining apartment. This (puillase), which are emptied but once is a very simple, and if etficacious, a very in four years. It is difficult, we are told, important communication; but the suca to remove the prejudices of the cottager ceeding letter, which denounces the by argument; and it becomes necessary practice of blueing linen, as trouble- to recur to indirect means. The author some, may be thought too trifling. once demonstrated to a person of this

The next ugricultural epistle consists description, the folly of sleeping in an of an eulogium on the purity of the air alcove or niche, with the curtains closely of Paris, potwithstanding the immense drawn, by inerely placing a bird above number of inhabitants, the numerous his head, and exhibiting the little animal burial-places, and the infected state of nearly expiring in the morning. the atmosphere. This is generally attri- Madame G. next treats of air in ge : buted to the waters of the Seine, into neral; the necessity of repose after lawhich every species of filth is emptied; bour; and the propriety of eating proper but this river on the other hand traverso aliments. She distinguishes potatoes ing the whole of the immense capital, among “the solid and substantial foods;" arcording to some, compensates for every is a great advocate for rye bread, aud: thing, and purifies the atmospheric air, recommends four meals a day! We are so as to render a crowded city salubrious. next presented with a chapter on the ad M. de Scevole, however, supposes, that vantages and disadvantages of labour; the agitation occasioned by carriages, the danger of suppressing perspiration by passengers, and the ringing of bells, ope- a sudden chill, &c. Most diseases, wo rates as so many secondary causes.

are told, inay be cured by a due proporWe now coine to a dissertation on the tion of exercise; and in some of the existence of the soul, occasioned by the southern provinces of France, the mafour following lines, composed by Fre- gistrates offer prizes annually to promote deriek the Great :

running, jumping, &c. Mothers are warn“ Dès que nous finissons, notre ame est ed against the use of bandages for their eclipsée,

children; the danger of sleeping in the u Elle est en tout semblable à la flamme

fueles is pointed out; the use of lead and elanécé

copper vessels is prohibited, as are also " Qui part d'un bois ardent dont elle se

pewter mugs for cider and wine. Great nourrit, « Et dès qu'elle tombe en cendre elle baise pains are taken to demonstrate that new

houses are unhealthy: the Roinans, we et perir." Our author meets this passage with the

are told, prohibited any from being infoliowing couplet :

habited until after the expiration of three 1 Ignis ubique latet; naturam amplictitu- years.

In order to render the thatch of cotrum nem; “ Cuncta parit renovat, dividit, unit, alit.” tages more durable, it is recommended

** Moyens de conserver la sente des Ha- to cover them with a moss called la fonbitans des Cumpagnes,&c." Onthe Means tinale in combustible (fontinalis unti-pyof preserving the Ilealth of the Inhabi- retice), a plant that grows in great plenty tants of the Country, both in their Cot- io pools of water, &r. Another, the tortages and Fields, by Madame Gaçon lulu barbulururalis

, Hdw. 5, and the briDufour, author of many works on rural yum rurale, Dillers, is produced on trees. economy, and Member of several Agri- These, we are told, will not only enable cultural Societies.

them to last half a century, but prevent This lady, who exhibits much good them at the same time from being desepse, and appears to bave

stroyed by fire. The receipt is taken mon share of experience, begins by stat

from Sonnini, who observes, that the ing the causes that render the habita. Laplanders always guard their wooden MONTHLY Mag, No. 201.


no com



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