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660 Retrospect of French Literalure-Miscellanics.
simple form possible to his reasonings, but even genera ; yet I sonn perceived
and on this occasion he considers the that this task was too great for a single
orbit of each planet as an ellipsis vari- individual, and was accordingly forced
able every instant. These are repre- to abandon it.

“As I most ardently desire to behold 1. By the demi-great axis, on which the science taking a wider range, in condepends the medium motion of the sequence of regular and Cirrect expeplanet.

rinients, I ain of course anxious that the 2. By the epoch of the medium lon- wish of Berymann may be accomplished: gitude.

Aliorum tentamina, præsertim cardi3. By the eccentricity of the orbit. nalia, candide sunt revidenda." For as 4. By the longitude of the perihelion. this chemical pbilosopher very properly 5. By the inclination of the orbit. observes: “plus vident occuli, quam And, 6. By the longitude of its parts. oculus; ideoque, quæ nova exhibentur

“ M. Lagrange," adds he “has long pluribus, testibus in diversis locis utiliter since given to the differential expression confirmari puto.". of the great axis the form of which I The author thinks that his analytical bave just spoken; and he has concluded method iu respect to gems merits attenwith yreat propriety from thence, the in- tion, and even initation, from the ablest variability of the proportional inotions, chemists. Much is said to depend on when regard is only paid to the first the choice of proper vessels. Platina power of the perturbatory inasses. This, itself does not resist the continual actina I myself was the first to recognise,' by of pot-ash in fusion; he himself ussally only rejecting one-fourth of the power of makes use of a silver vase for experie the eccentricities and inclinations; a ments, and he recommends a golden calculation which proved sufficient for one! all the purposes of astronomy. Accord.

Sammlung Astronomischer Abhandingly, in the second book of the “Mé- langen, &c."-A Collection of Memoirs, canique Celeste," I have given the same Observations, and Astronomical Notices, form to the differential expressions of by J. L. Bove, 4 vols. 8vo. with plates, the eccentricity of the orbit, its inclina- Berlin, 1809. tion, and the longitude of its parts. It This astronomer, who is well known remained therefore only to give the same throughout Gerinany, has in this work form to the differential expressions of collected a great variety of memoirs on the longitudes of the epoch and the different branches of that science whicha perihelion, which I have done in this he prosesses. Of these we shall bere place."

only select a few : “ Memoires de Chimie, auten aut i. Tables of the Moon, according to des Analyses de Mineraur, &c."--Me- the longitudinal equations of Burg, and moirs of Chemistry, containing Analyses also those of the latitudes and parallaxes of Minerals, by. MARTIN Ilenry Klap- of Laplace, by Oltmans. ROTH, Professor of Chemistry at the 2. Of the direction of the sun's moreAcademy for the Artillery in Prassia, ment, and the solar system, by Herss an Associate of the National Institute of chel. France, &c. % vols. 8vo. printer at 3. Geographical position of Porto Paris, and imported by M. de Boife, Rico, by Olemans. Nassau-street.

4. Geographical positions, and astroThe author tells us in his preface, nomic:l observations, made in Sweden which is bere translated at full length, during the years 1801-2-3 and 4. that he bas long conceived the project 5. Formulæ of the precession, by of collecting all the different meinoirs on Pfatts. chemistry hitherto written by him, but 6. On the problem, to find the true never found time for this until now, position of a planet by means of the

“ In presenting to the public," says medium of its longitude, by Rohde. he, “this first volume of the Analyses of 7. Geographical position of the city Minerals, containing twenty-sis disser. of Pilsen, in Buheniia, by David. tations, the greater part of which now 8. On the influence of reciprocal alappear for the first time, I have endea. traction of three bodies on the more voured to render my labours as complete ment of one of these bodies, by Ilegner, as possible; but I have experienced hovy 9. Trigometrical measurement of the difficult, and even how impossible it was, ducliy of Berg, by Benzenberg. to render analyses perfect. I have at- 10. Geographical longitude of LARtempted, not only to analyze species, castes, in Pennsylvania, by Oltmans.

11. Method

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11. Method of calculating the eclipses likenesses being those of the archdukes of the sun, and the occultations of the Charles and John, Maria Theresa, the stars, by Schmidt;

emperor Francis I., field-marshal Kray, 12. On the new observations and cal- &c. Among those of inferior consiculations of M. Piazzi;

deration, we find the baron Van Swie13 and 14. The two supplements to ten, and Fuger the painter. the catalogue of the stars of M. Piazzi, “ Rückerinnerungen an Grosse Afänby Oltmanns;

ner, &c." Reminiscences of Great Men, 15. Of the latitude of Quito, by the 1 vol. 8vo. Amsterdam, 1809. M. de Massame;

senbach, the author of this work, has 16. Astronomical observations made here given the public: at Paris, by M. Bouvard;

1. An eulogium on prince Henry of 17 and 18. Two memoirs composed Prussia; at Paris, by M. Van Beek Calkoen, on 2. A parallel between prince Henry the apparent medium distance of 38 and Frederic II. ; pair of stars;

3. A memoir relative to the admini19. Geographical positions determined stration of the latter; on the coast of Italy, &c. &c.

4. A dissertation on the situation of Bulletin des Neusten, &c.” Bulletin Prussia and of Europe, after the demise of New Inventions, interesting to Arts, of Frederic the Great; Manufactures, Trades, Rural and Do- And 5. The reasons for the author's mestic Economy, &c. 2 vols. 8vo. Berlin. entering into the service of the court of

We are here presented with a variety of Berlin. discoveries, in consequence of the con

MISCELLANEOUS. version of objects of natural history to the « Traité Elementaire de Physique." ndvancement of trade and manufactures. An Elementary Treatise on Natural First, we are told in what manner the Philosophy, by the Abbé Haüy, honorose of Damascus may be employed rary canon of the metropolitan church advantageously, for the advancement of of Paris, member of the legion of hothe arts; next we have a receipt for nour, &c. second edition, revised, and preparing Spanish rouge; then an ac- considerably augmented by the author, count of a new green and a new blue. 2 vols. 8vo. printed at Paris, 1809.

After this, we are presented with a dis- The different points of view under sertation on chilling of liquors by means whicla natural bodies and the phenomena of met il vessels; a subsitute for lime presented by them, may happen to be

juice follows; remarks on the vegetable considered, have given birth to a variety compass; on the specific gravity of con- of studies and pursuits. These have

crete mercury; on convex glasses; on been multiplied, we are told, in proporthe manufacture of paper; on the means tion as the progress of knowledge conof discovering the falsification of white tributes to add new branches to the scipaint; a new drawing-ink; new colours ences already formed. The sum total for cotton stuffs ; the bark of the hiera- of our acquisitions, resulting from these,

cium pilosella, proposed as a substitute has accordingly furnished the three for the quinquina, or jesuit's bark; an grand divisions, to which have been

essay on perfecting clectrical conduc- given the names of natural plulosophy, stors; a new orange-coloured gunpowder chemistry, and natural history: sfor artillery; an account of certain Ger- To a knowlerge of the properties of imans who eat argillaceous earth. bodies, their changes, and the laws by

Geschicte der Baierschen, &c.” His- which they are regulated, the Abbé tory of the Nineteenth Century, parti- athixes the appellation of Physique, or cularly destined for a Narration of the natural philosophy. But when the pheAustrian Annals, 4 vols. with portraits. nomena depend on the action exercised Vienna, 1808. M. Schwaldopler, the by the molecule of bodies on each other, author of these volumes, contines himself as well as on their separation and unito,

almost entirely to an enuineration of this study properly appertains to chemisthose events, in which the bouse of try. On the other hand, when the attenAustria has been chiefly interested. All tion is turnerl towards particular beings, the portraits too, with the exception some of which enjoy lite, and spontaneof that of Mr. Pitt, and Bonaparte, are ous motion, while others possess only confined to the court of Vienna, the a structure without organization, this MONIULY Mag. No. 201.



662 Retrospect of French, &c. Literature-Miscellaneous. embraces the whole province of natural composed alike, each containing 0.214. history, which alone comprehends three of oxygen* distinguished sciences, under the names In his description of paratonneres, or of Zoology, Botany, and Mineralogy. conductors, M. Haüy fails, as he might

“ But, in reality,” adds he, “ all the have given a far better account of tias sciences dependent on

or connected invention. with nature, compose only one and the Naturwunder des österreichischen, saine science, which we have merely &c.” The Wonders of Nature in the Aussubdivided in such a manner, that diffe- trian States: by Doctor Francis Sartori, rent persons may attach themselves to 4 vols. 8vo. Vienna. The same antivir different branches of it, and thus apply is about to give a cootinuation of the theniselves specifically to those in which present work, by means of a supplement, they may happen to take most delight. containing observations on the country The experiments made in our modern and the people, throughout the Austrian cabinets and laboratories, tend only to monarchy. In the mean time, he premake the works of nature familiar to us, sents us with a statement of whatever is and are but so many imitators of her wonderful, and accordingly we here bare, phenomena. The pneumatic machine 1. A description of the mountaia instructs us concerning the properties of Octscher, in Lower Austria. the fluid which we breathe; wbile the 2. A description of the Lake of Tran, electrical machine serves to assist us in or der Gemund. determining the laws which govern the 3. An account of a Glaciers on Miount accumulated fluid often contained in a Brandstein. stormy cloud. The coloured image of 4. A description of the Carinthian the sun, presented by the light which Alps. passes through a prism, affords us an 5. An account of a singular animna! idea of the decomposition of this fluid, in Carniola, called Proteus Anguineus. which, at some particular periods, dis- 6. On Mount Bienneberg, and the plavs the magnificent spectacle of the wine of Oedenburg. rainbow." All these different instruments, 7. The Sulphur cavern in Mount Bonhowever diversified, are but so many daesch, in Transylvania. interpreters of the visible language in 8. The Wild Goats of the country of which nature unceasingly speaks to us." Salzburg. Vol. I. contains :

9. The Lake Barthelemi, in the coun 1. A Dissertation on the general pro- try of Berchtesgaden; perties of Bodies;

10. The Valley of Buchbery, in the 2. On Attraction;

Lower Austria; 3. On Caloric;

11. The Hole of Hell, on the Ens, in 4. On Water;

Austria; 5. On Air;

12. The Mountain of Herisson, is And 6. On Electricity.

Styria; We perceive but little that is new: 13. The Saline of Sorar in Hungary; the abbé, however, does not confine his 14. The Royal Mountain in Hungary, compilation to the works of his own 15. The Sources of the Lebelang in countrymen, but borrows freely from Transylvania; foreigners. He expects great future ad- 16. The tame bears in Poland; vantages from the discovery of the bal

17. The River of St. John, in Strria; loon. On this occasion it is remarked, 18. The Cataract of Mina, in Lower that Gay Lussac, in the course of his last Austria ; voyage, attained a greater degree of cle- 19. The Mines of Quicksilver at Idris, vation than any of his predecessors, lav- in Cariola; ing actually ascended 6977 metres, or 20. The Ice-cavern in the country of 3579 toises above Paris, and 1010 me- Berchtesgaden; tres, or 3600 toises above the level of

21. The industry and social lity of ti:e sea, At 6636 metres be opened a the mountain-rats of Styria and Carli glass globe, and having enuptied it, he thia, of Salzburg, and in the Carpathian filled it with air, and shut it close up Mountains. again. On his return to the capital, an “ Almanach für Scheidekünstler, &c.* analysis took place, and on comparing it with the air at the entrance to the Po- * Journal de Physique, Frimaire, An lytechnical school, he found both to be XII. p. 454, et suivi



Almanack for Chymists and Apothe- make an allowance for the effects of the - caries.

capillary tubes; This, among other matters, contains 8. Comparative temperature between an essay calculated to determine the the sea-shore and the top of a mountain; connexion between the acctic acid and 9. Estimate of horizontal distances; minium; another on the solubility of 10. Table for reducing the results to :

minium in the acetic acid; several re- the formulæ of Laplace, Ramond Trem- marks on the discoloration and whiten- bley, de Luc, Roy, and Shuckburgh;

ing of yellow wax, as also on the prepa- 11. Conversion of English into French ration of distilled oils, &c. &c. To measures; the memoir is joined, An Account of 13. Comparison between the thermothe Discoveries in Chemistry and Phar- meter of Fahrenheit and that of Reaumacy, from 1807 to 1808, to which is mur; and, added, an analysis of the principal new 14. Comparison between the thermoworks.

meter of Wodegrus and that of Reaumur. “ Die Elemente der Luftschwimm- Les Amours Epiques;" Epic Loves, kunst, &c." Elements of Ærostastics, by a poem, in six cantos, containing a A. G. Zachariæ, 480 pages 8vo. with a translation of episodes, composed by plate, Wirtemberg, 1807-8.

the best epic poets: by Perseval GrandThe author commences his undertak- maison, Paris, 1 vol. 12mo. with a ing by laying down certain hydrostatical plate. principles, as necessary preliminaries. The editor tells us, that the present Ile afterwards trents of the natation of work is composed " of a

of fishes, and the mechanism by which episodes, by the most famous poets, this object is attained. The night of which have been connected by him in birds furnishes him with a new object of such a manner as to constitute a regular comparison, whence he proceeds to the work.” art of elevating a man above the earth. The poem opens with a description It is his opinion, that the round form of of Elysium ; the balloon will always oppose itself to “ Il est dans les enfers des champs delithe possibility of directing the machine,

cieux, and that the eliptical shape is not much ou l'ame des mortels favorisés des cieux better. To remedy this inconvenience, s'envole, & va goûter la paix inaltérable! he proposes to adopt the form of a fish;

Que n'a point cette vie, helas! si peu du

rable! and this species of balloon being filled L'Elyse est le nom de ce charmant sejour, with gas, will, he thinks, be much more

Là s'offrent éclairés d'un tendre demi. manageable.

jour, &c." “ Tables Barometriques, pour faciliter While all are enjoying themselves in le calcul des nivellemens, et des mesures different manners, in these happy abodes, des hauteurs, par le Baromètre, &c." six poets recite their productions by Barometrical tables to facilitate the Cal

turns; these are Homer, Tasso, Ariosto, culation of Levels, and also the measure- Milton, Virgil, and Camoens. The first ment of Heights, by the Barometer; by of these commences with the death of Bernard de Lindenau.

Patroclus, the victory of Hector, and This work, which consists of fifteen

the rage of Achilles; the next makes his tables, is preceded by an esplanatory appearance in Canto II. preface and introduction. The tables, i ll chantoit de Renaud les amoureux themselves present the following ob- transports. jects:

“ Bouillon, dit il, en vain vouloit prendre 1. Logarithms of heights, corrected so Solyme, as to find the true elevation of moun- “ Ayant perdu l'appui de ce heros sublime tains;

" Qui d'Armide amoureux, au bont de 2. Proportional parts, to prevent inter


“ Dans une isle enchantéeidolatroit ses fers." polations; 3 and 4. Corrections, so as to estimate

Ariosto begins as follows:

“ Charles par sa valeur, the difference of temperature at two

“ De Leutece ayant su delivrer les mu separate stations;

railles 5. Corrections for the latitude;

“ Vouloit deja tenter le destin des 6. Corrections for the diminution of

batailles, weight in respect to the vertical beight; “ Et detruire Agramant, ce monarque in. 7. Correction of heights, so

domté, 4Q?



• Qui

664 Retrospect of French, &c. Literature-Miscellaneous. " Qui naguere assiégoit sa superbe cité; next follows an account of the quarries “ Rempli d'une fureur à le prendre animée, of marble at Massa, where there is at “ Charles dans son camp même assiégeoit this very time an academy of sculpture. son armée:

From Lerici, on the gulph of Spezzia, “ Lorsque deux Sarrazins nés de tristes the author repaired to Genoa; and his

parents, « Qui dans Ptolemais tenoient les derniers remarks on the characters of the Ge

nocse, are extremely interesting. rangs, « Par leur tendre amitié, &c.”

journey to Rome furnishes hun with an Perhaps the English reader may be opportunity of detailing a variety of redesirous to know in what manner our

remarks relative to the spirit which pregreat national epic poet is taught to

vailed in the various religious orders, as speak in a foreign idiom? Here follows well as of the rivalship which subsisted a short specimen:

among them. The want of cultivation “ Alors Milton, prenant sa lyre entre in the Cumpagna di Roma, is attributed ses mains,

partly to the siege of that city in 1527, “ Se prépare à chanter le premier des and partly to the residence of the Popes humains:

at Avignon. « La foule avidement et l'entoure & le Our traveller next visits Florence, presse;

which he considers us a city better cal* Il exhale en ce mots sa poétique ivresse. Gulated for social intercourse thar Rome, . « Le mont d'Eden s'éleve en des champs while the latter is a superior abode for

fortunés, “ Ses pieds sont de buissons partout en

such as are attached to the study of the vironnés,

fine arts. The gallery of the picture " Et, partout l'entourant, d'inaccessibles appertaining to the marchioness of Ge roches

rini, is described with great minuteness, « De ses flares escarpés defendent les apo

as is also that of Cambrucchini at Leproches:

horn. The appendix contams disserta4 Sur ses flancs s'elevoient de longs & noirs tions on the social state in Italy, and va sapins,

the Jews of Lerhorn. “ De cedres, des palmiers, de venerables Tableun de Naples, & des ses Espins,

virons, &c.” A Description of Naples Qui montant par degrés formoient de and its Environs, by P. J. Rehfues, s

verds etages, " Levoient pompeusement ombrages, sur

vols. 8vo. 1808. This work has beca

already alluded to in the preceding artiombrages, &c. " Jettres écrites de l'Italie, pendant les cle. The author, afier a variety of parannées 1801 et 1805." Letters from Italy, ticulars relative to the situation, climate, written between the years 1801 and and history of Naples, estimates the po1805. By P. F. Rohfues, Zurich, 1809. pulation of that city, in 1805, at 4 13,421 The author is already known in the inhabitants, without reckoning torcignliterary world, by his work, Sur l'etat

Those resident in the country are actuel de la Sicile,” published in 1807.

calculated at 123,730, among whuan are Several of the letters in the present vo

included 2000 secular ecclesiastics, mure lume, have already appeared in the two

than 3000 monks, and upwards of 430) German Journals edited by M. Rehtues, under the separate titles of “ De l'Italie, of the various public places; the means

After this the author gives an account & Melunges Italiens.". They now re-ap- of provisioning the city; the feast of Si. pear, with many emnendations, and are at the same time considerably enlarged. Januarius, and the Neapolitan women. We are here presented with accurate

These appear to himn to be less contis descriptions of the cities of Leghorn, than the men: they are represented as Florence, and Genoa. The first letter little, and brown-complexioned, but very contains a general description of the lively and very spirited. The NeapoliItalian ladies; the second gives an ac

tans in general are described as supercount of the carnival at laghorn; and stitious, high-polished, much addicted to in the third, the author has treated litigation, and often cruel and deceitful. « Sur l'art d'improviser," which he con- They pretend that their dialect is tar siders as a simple mechanical habit, that superior to the Tuscan, and possess a presupposes no talent whatsoever for natural talent for the language of gesíipoetry. The next letter is dedicated to culation. In their songs they celebrate a description of the ancient pictures of their horses, their limpid fountains, and Campo Santo, and the Baths of Pisa; their mistresses. The article respecting

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