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MISCELLAXIES.

tion as it received in its performance at of this science seems almost to have the Lyceum.

supplanted all the other branches of " }lectur; a Tragedy in five Acts;" knowledge requisite for a statesinail, to by J. Ch. J. LUCE DE LA VIL, pero

hare often narrowed his views, and to formed for the first time arche French have made hin regard every public meaTheatre in Paris, Feb. 1, 1809, Fransinied sure simply in the relation it bears to by Mr. Maxgrx, ibruga spirited and national wealth. But this object, as patriotic, seems still best adapted to the I have already contended, and ever will closet.

contend, ayainst the clamorous sciolists

of the day, is dit the prime business of A more elegantiv writtell, or a more true policy. However important and spirited pamphlet, ihan die "Reply to the even necessary it may be, it is a suborCalumniis of the Edinburgh Review dinate and not a predominant concern in against Orford,” has rarely met our public aitairs--not less than the spanagenotice. Ti is divided into tive chapters. inent and improvement of an estate in The first treats “ of the Study of Aristo. private life, is an inferior duty to the tle, and Neviect of the Mathematics,” in education of children, the maintenance the examination of an Analysis of La of character, and the guidance of a Places Traité de Méchanique Céleste. house. In the second chapter we have the “ Ex “Still it cannot be disputed, that the amination of a criticism in the 28th science has a tendency, if riyhtly studied, Number of the Edinburgh Review, on to enlarge the mind, and that it will Falconer's edition of Strabo;" in which enalle a man to perform many of the the writer appears to have exerted no relative duties of life, both public and ordinary powers of criticism. The third private, , more correctly. On this acchapter contains “Remarks or an Article count, the introduction of it into the lecupon Edgewortli's Professional Educati. Tures on Modern History has always on.” The fourth is devoted to the appeared to me a great iinprovement; “ Course of Studies pursued at Oxford:" and the still farther extension of the an, in the firih, we have the author's same enquiry would, I am persuaded, be reinarks on “ Plans of Education in much improved. general, and parcicularly of English “its great leading principles, howEducation; Abuse of the term Utility ; ever, are soon acquired: the ordinary Reinarks on the Sturly of Political reading of the day supplies them. And Economy and Moral Philosophy; of with the majority of students, the more somne Vulgar Errors respecting Oxfordd; accurate study and investigation of its Cuuclusion To give any general idea theorems inay well be reserved for those of the numerous ports examined in the situations and occasions, in which many different chapters, within the narrow of them will be placed at some future. limits of a Retrospect, would be impos- season, and which aford ample time for siule. It inay be enough to say, that the the completion of such enquiries. Wben reviewer of Strabo seems to be consi- corbined with practical exertions, and dered as the most powerful opponent of calient forth by particular occasions, these Oxford. On the subject o: Political studies gain a timer hold, and are pure Economy, the study of which has been sued with inose eager interest. The so often noticed in the Ednburgh Re- mind should indeed be carly disciplined view as neglected at Oxford, we shall and fitted for that work: but the work present the replies's principal remarks. itself may be done when the time comes.

" This (he observes) is, beyond a “It is a fully to think that every thing doubt, of all sciences relating to human which a man is to know inust be taughi interests, that in alich the greatest him while young, as if he were to spring progress has been made in modern times; at once from college, and be intrusted and much honour is due to those writers with the inediate management of the who have let in light upon this bitherto worid; as it ife had no intervals for ex. obscure and unfrequenteit irack. But tending knowledgyes; as it intellectual the etfect of n velty and discovery is to evercise, and the act of learning, were attract for a season an undue proportion unbecoming she state of manborid. of public tavour. Such appears to me to " "Viib regard to this science in parhave been the mistake with regard to ticuinr, there are many points in it which Political Economy; and in many instan. make me think it a liter employment ces, it has been a dangerous, if not a for the inind in an advanced period of mischievous, mistahe : for the attainment lile, thau when the attctions are young

and

2

and growing, and liable to be cramped in a volume of Essays which has appeared and stunted by the views of human na “ (In the Sources of the Pleasures received ture which it continually presents. from Literary Compositions.” They are, There is perhaps soinetbing in all theo. On the Improvement of Taste; on the retical views of society which tends to Imagination, and on the Association of harden the feelings, and to represent Ideas; on the Sublime; on Terror; on may as a blind part of a blind machine. Pity; on Melancholy; on the. Tender The frame-work of that great structure Affections; on Beauty; and on the Lu. must, we know, be put together upon dicrous. The difficuliy of such invessuch principles; and the inore enlarged tigations needs no comment on our part. our sphere of action is, the more correct In this place we may also notice, "A and luminous ought our notions to be of philosophical Inquiry into the Cause, with their relative power and importance. Directions to Cure, the Dry Rot in But by far the greater part of those who Buildings," by JAMES RandalŁ, Archiare educated for active professions have tect. This most important subject is less occasion for contemplating those discussed with much ingenuity, and the abstract notions, than for adapting reasonings and experiments contained themselves promptly to the limited rela- in the little work before us, clain the tions of life in which they are placed ; attention of every builder, and every and in which the remedy of evils caused gentleman who superintends his own by the friction of the inachine and by works. The author points out the inexternal accident, requires not that com- efficiency of the methods heretofore tried prehensive view of its whole construction to prevent or cure this formidable evil; to be for ever present to the mind. It be then describes the causes which prois not then that I would keep these truths duce it in the first instance, and deterout of sight, it is not then that I would mines the reinedy. Mr. Randall has no deny the utility of them in every spbere doubt, from repeated experiments and and condition; but where a choice is observations, that the Dry Rot, in all Jeft us among many pursuits, all of which cases, arises from a previous state of ferare in their several degrees beneficial, I mentation, whence proceeds the comwould be very cautious how that was plete growth of a fungus of which the singled out and made predominant, dry rot consists. The general remedy which is so prone to usurp over the rest, where the disease has commenced, and and the abuse of which is not a laugh the preventative in all new buildings, is able, but a serious, evil."

oxydation either by means of fire or the Another curious work in this class will nitric acid. The indestructibility of be found in Mr. Weston's “ Remains of wood oxydated by fire, or, in other words, Arabic in the Spanish and Portuguese of wood that has been charrel, ma Languages. With a Sketch, by way of known to the ancients; but as it is inIntroduction, of the History of Spain possible to subject many of the parts of from the Expulsion of the Moors. Also buildings to the operation of fire, Mr. Extracts from the Original Letters in Randall has discovered that the same Arabic to and from Don Manoueel and may be effected by the acid process of his Gooernors in India and Africa : fobo oxydating by affinity. The author has lowed by an Appendir, contuining a Spe. given a füll explication of his theory, and cimen of the Introduction to the Hilopa- laid down such rules for the practice as desa translated into three Lunguages, the may be understood and applied by comprincipal Metre of which is that of the mon workmen. Sunscrit.In the appendix, Mr. Weston Another work of considerable interest intorns us,

“ the Hitopadesa, or Anni- in the roiscellaneous class, will be found cable Instruction, first known by the un- in “ Illustrations of the Litts and Iri. ineaning appellation of Pilpay, Elephant's tings of Gower and Chaucer;" collecteil foot, and Bidpay, Fat, or Splay Foot, from authentic documents, by the Rev. Fables, is the original of Esop, whose Henry J. Tood. Of these the first and real name was Eswed or Esud, from the most considerable is the entire manuArabic word . . . black. This strength. script of Fraucis Thynne, entitled ens i he opinion of the Arabs, that lEsop “Animadversions upon the Annotations was a Nubian or Abyssinian; and makes and Corrections of some Imperfectónes it more than probable, that he and Loke and linpressónes of Chaucer's Workes, man were one and the same.”

(sett downe before tyme and nowe) re They who delight in philosophical printed in the yere of our Lorde, 1598." speculations, will find auch amusement The second division of the Illustrations

contains

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2 supposed to be written by Chalcer due for Business," It opens with a few ge-'. poems opens :

contains two documents of no trifling At the end of all is a valuable glossary of 14 stat importance; the Will of Gower, and the eighty pages. In placing Gower before trast copy of a Deed, dated in 1346, wbich Chaucer, buth in what relates to the leren so appears to prove that he was of the manuscripts of his poetry, and in the 11*** House of Guwer of Suitenham; copied extracts made from his works, Mr. Todd des, from the original in the library of the has inerely consulted chronological pro

marquis of Stafford. The third division priety. Prefixed to the title is a fullis beteran of the Illustrations contains“ An Account length portrait of Chaucer, from lord ; Bet of some valuable Manuscripts of Gower Staiford's manuscript. In another part

and Chaucer," which Mr. Todd has had of the work are accurate engravings of
an opportunity of examining. The fourth the tomts of both poeis.
exhibits “ Fxtracts from Gower's Con-

Another valuable work, though of a fessio Amantis." The tich contains bumbler description in the miscellaneous Chaucer's Prologue to the “ Canterbury class, will be found in Mr. Mortimer's Tales," and " The Floure and the Leafe;" “ Grammar, 'illustrating the Principles accompanied by numerous Notes. The and Practice of Trade and Comnerce; sixth presents us with “ Soine Poeins for the Use of young Persons intended

ring his Imprisonment;" found at the Beral definitions, followed by an enumeseperti beginning ou ford Stafford's Manuscript ration of the principal branches of trade

of the Canterbury Tales, on two leaves ard manufacture in Great Britain and before the prologue. To strengthen his Ireland. An alphabetical list of meropinion that they are the composition chantable commodities is next introof Chaucer, Mr. Todd has selecied se- duced; followed by a collection of coma vera! parallel passages from the genuine mercial towns, usages, and institutions; writings of the poet. The first of these a list of the principal ports of every tra.

ding nation throughout the world, with “ Halfe in dede sclepe, not fully revyved, each; a list of the canals of Great Bri

the branches of commerce peculiar to Rudely my sylfe as I lay alone, With troubled dremes sore was I mevyd,

tain and Ireland; an account of all the All worldly joy passed and overgone :

real and imaginary monies in the world, Me semyd full sore I made my mone ;

with their values in British sterling; a Mynde, thought, resonable wythe had I none; table of the agreement which the weights Thus I lay sclomberyng a owie to my dome of the principal places in Europe have As thus I lay avexed full sore

with each other; coinmercial marks and In such thynges, as of right by the agayne characters; a commercial nomenclature nature,

of the denominations of the chief artiI herde a voyce seyyng, Sclepe thow no more.

cles of trade, in twe've different lanAryse and wake to thy besy cure;

guages; maxims of experience, and quesThy mynde, thy hert, thy body thow alure To such that wyll fall next, tho thy mynde ;

Flere also we shall give a place to Take thy penne in thy hand, stoofaste and

Major CIAMBERLIN'S * Practical InAwake, awake, of comfort full blynde." structions to Young Officers, relative to On the tenth of these verses, Mr. Todd

the interior Discipline of a Regiment of

Foot." observes, “ The Commentators

They appear principally deShakespeare will be delighted with this militia and volunteers, and for young

signed for ofiicers commanding local poem,

if it be only for the sake of placing officers in general, whose opportunities the exclamation in this line under that of becoming acquainted with the interior of Macbeth:

economy of a battalion have been few.
• Methought I beard a voice cry, Sleep no In the miscellaneous class also, as it

more!
Macbeth has murder'd sleep."

has no companion to accompany it in its

own class, we shall place Dr. DICKSON', The conclusion of the second poem is “ Grammar of the First Principles of not less deserving the reader's perusal: Agriculture;" furniting a means by . Go lytell balade, full of rude composicion, into the minds of young persons, who are

which to instil usefal and important facts Softe and mekely no thynge to holde ; Pray all, that of the shall have inspcxion,

likely to pass their lives in rural occuThy derke ignoraunce that they pardon wolde; pations, wlicther as countiy gentlemen, Sey that thow were made in a pryson colde, or practical farmers. At the end is a Thy makir standyng in dysese and grevaunce, glossary of ternis. Which cawsed hym the 30 symply.to Mir. ALEXANDER CHALMERS'S Hisa avaunce !"

tory of the Univer. 14 of 0.xford, includ. MONTILY Mac, No. 201.

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ing the Liocs of the Founders," with a revised from the best authors. Ther are series of illustrative engravings, by comprised in four small volumes, and Messrs. Storor and Greig, in two vo form almost a little library for children. lumes 8vo. has been published too re The following are the rities of the dif. cently to admit of a full report of its con- ferent lalcs. Vol. 1. The Vanity of tents here. From a slight glance, we Human Life. -The Basket-Maker. -Ed. bave formed a very high opinion of its win and Angelina.-Bozaldab. - The merits. In our next Retrospect, we shall Mountain of Miseries.— The Town ant give the result of a more careful exa. Country Mice. - The Vision of Almet. mination,

Tom Restless, -The Youth and the The Fourth Report of the Directors Philosopher.---Prosperity and Adversity. of the African Institution, read at the -Abbas and Mirza --The Admirable Annuul General Meeting on the 28th of Crichton.-Cruelty to llorses.- The Marcil, 1810," forms a tract of no incon. Three Warnings.--Religion and Supersiderable interest. We regret, however, stilion Contrasted.- The Story of Poo to learn from it, that the slave-trade is lems.--The Hermit.-The Sailor.-Al. still carried on to a great extent, prin- cander and Septimius; and the Procipally by natives of the United States. gress of Discontent. Vol. 2. The Vision It contains also a communication from of Theodore.-IIistory of a Country the commandant of Senegal, relative to Apothecary.--Edwin and Emma.-Story the probability of Mr. Mungo Park being of La Roche.–Story of Geminus and still alive.

Gemellus.-The Wall-Flower.- Journey Mr. HIGHMORE'S Pielus Londinen. to the Moon.--Sir Bertrand.-Palemon sis: the History, Design, and present and Lavinia.–Ormalı.—The Talisman State of the ourious Public Charities in of Truth.-The Experiinevt.- Memoirs and near London," will be found a work of a Cornish Curate; and Inkle and not only of real but general utility. The Yarico. Vol. S. Chaubert the Misansubjects are classed under the heads of thropist.—The Judgment of Hercules, Flospitals, Dispensaries, Colleges, and -Ibrahim and Adelaide.- The ChameAlins-houses, School Charities, and Mis- lion.-Story of Nir. Saintfort, Junis cellancous Charitics; with an alphabe- and Theana. - The Credulous Cbaldean. tical arrangement of each. To the pro. -John Gilpin.-Charles Fleetwood. duce of personal research, Mr. Highmore The Bee, the Lily of the Valley, and the bas added all that could throw light upon Tulip.--Albert Bane.—The Indian Cote his subject, from the works of Stowe, tage; and Bianca Capello. Vol. 4. Strype, Tanner, Camden, Gough, Mait- Toe Lilile Hermitage.- Nouraddin and land, Letisom, Lysuns, Malcolm, &c. Amana.-The Art of Happiness. JeanLast of all, in the miscellaneous class, not and Colin.--Carazau and Belisa.

shall notice Tabari's “ Moral rius. Tales," in prose and verse, selected and

we

HALF-YEARLY RETROSPECT OF FRENCH LITERATURE.

ESSAI

HISTORY.

thor inquires into the nature of reformasur L'Esprit et l'Influence tions in general, and maintains that man.

de la Reformation de Luther, kind have hitherto been gainers by tbem, &c."-- An Essay on the Spirit and In- Greece and Italy, during their early fluence of the Reformation produced by days, were far behind those countries at Luther; a work which gained the prize the epochs of their civilization. Their ofiered by the National Institute of acquisitions, however, appertain erFrance, for a Question to this purport. clusively to their own citizens, and were 3d edit. Printed at Paris, and imported not shared by mankind in general: all by M. De Batte, Vassat-street, Soho. the rest of the globe was barbarous; the

This words, the production of C. Vito people were either born slaves, or beLERS, a corresponding member of ihe Na. came so in fact. tional Institution of France, and a mem Bilt there are two wavs of dispersing ber of the Royal Society of Sciences at knowledge; such as when a snu!! let Gottingen, has produced a considerable enlightened people co:quers innumerasensation, not only throughout France ble nations sunkin darkness, or when and England, but Europe. After exa- variety of ignorant nations orerione a mining and defining his subject, the au. small collection of inhabitaii's, and 1

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amalgamate with them, so as to attain a was cosmopolitical or catholic, accordo portion of their knowledge. The Romans ing to the true etymology of the terma afford a specimen of one of these modes, Yet the spirit of Christ was no longer as they carried light with them where- visible in the constitution of the Christian

soever they went; the children of the church in the fifteenth century. Every =3 2nd bliss North, who precipitated themselves to. thing was altered and confounded; and

wards the south of Europe, and carried a reform, an appeal to the primitive spi. their darkuess along with them, exbibit rit, became necessary, which was proan instance of another.

diced in part by Luther, the principal “On this, chans seemed to be repro- and most courageous author of it." - tas bis duced; and it required ten centuries of Two objects, we are told, have become

fermentation before so many heteroge- particulaily dear to mankind, and it is neous elements could assimilate. At not uncominon to behold them sacrifice length, however, light was every where all their other interests, and even life seen amidst the darkness. During the itself, to these. The first is the preserthree or four first centuries it extended, vation of our social rights; the second, and made a rapid progress. At length, the independence of our religious opithe culture of Athens and Rome was nions, or liberty in respect to evil aird beheld and practised, not only through- conscientious notions. Both of these out the whole of Europe, but also at dispositions prevailed in most parts of Calcutta and Philadelphia. Rome and Europe at the commencement of the Athens, both of which would be asto. 16th century; for every nation, deprived nished at our arts and knowledge, would of its civil and religious liberty, began to also admire the humanity of the Euro. feel the weight and the indignity of its pean, who glories in being a man, and chains, while those who still enjoyed a will no longer suffer slavery to exist on certain degree of independence, shud, his soil."

dered at the idea of its loss. While treating of modern reformers, All the states of the Germanic conthe author alludes to the great events of federation had been long agitated by the antiquity. He represents Moses as obstinate disputes between the emperors, " leaving Egypt at the head of a body of successors of Cæsar, and the pope's sucmutinous slaves, who were both sensual cessors of St. Peter: this was a struggle and superstitious, yet of whom it was for a unlimited monarchy over the annecessary to make obedient subjects; cient territory of the Roman empire. men at once capable of undertaking any Both parties affected equal rights over thing, and animated against every nation Rome; and it was evident that the masthat occupied any land in which they ter of Rome was also to be the master might be desirous to establish them- of the empire; so difficult is it to root selves. On this occasion, Moses directed out vulyar prejudices! Rome had long the reformation of his people in the best becn the capital of the world, and a great possible manner, for the accomplistunent contest took place in order to determine of his designs.

who should remain in possession of the ** Mahomet, on the other hand, re- sovereign city. The quarrel had for formed a free and lofty nation; sensual object to which of those two rivals manindeed to excess, but capable of virtue kind were to submit the world disputed and exaltation. Ile knew how to impress literally for the choice of tyrants. . The on them a great character, and reduced modern successors of Charlemagne to very simple terms the external form called themselves Cæsars, and because of thai pure deism which he preached. the ancient Cæsars had been masters of Buth of these amalgamated the religious Rome, and Rome was the mistress of cunstitution which ought to appertain to Europe, it appeared an upanswerable all men, with the political constitution argument that they should reign both which should appertain to only one na over Rome and Europe! The claims of tion; and, thus confounding the church the pope's were not quite so clear: as and the state, rendered their religion Rome was the natural mistress of all the merely local.

universe, and the prince who had resided " As to Jesus, in conforinity to his so long at Rome was the chief of the celestial origin, he separated the cares empire, it was deemed evident that the of the state from those of religion, loudly bishop of Rome ought to be at the head proclaiming that its empire was not of of the church! In after times, when this world. The divisie reform operated Rome was without an emperor, the conby him, in opposition to thic other 110, sideratiou of iļe ponuiti increased; be

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