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fordshire; Guild-hall Chapel, and the of the living. A miscellaneous manucurious Kitchen ai Stantoni Harcourt, in script however in the Couton library, of Oxfordshire. We have not often seen the fourteenth century, * relating prina work of more equal good cxecution cipally to St. Alban's, sets its produce at than the present.

three marks. The parliamentary comIn this class also, we have to place 'missioners, in their enquiry into the the si cond volume of Mr. WOODBURN's state of the ecclesiastical benefices in Ecclesiustical Topogruphy;" containing 1650, found the rectory of Ilstree, with fites Views of Churches in ihe Environs (wo acres of glebe, s:as worth but forty of London, accompanied by appropriate pounds a year; that it had been sequesDescriptions. The commendations we tered from Abraham Spencer, (to whose bestowed upon the former volume need family a fifth of the rectory had been pot to be withheld froin this. Of the allowed;) and that the cure was supplied Views we prefer those of Merton, Came by William Markelman, put in by the berwell, Malten, and Micham Churches, committee of plundered ministers. in Surry; of liayes, and Foul's Cray, in Newcouri, in the Repertorium Eco Kent; of Rainptou, Northall, Greentord clesiasticum, supplies us with the names Magna, and Harrow, in Middlesex; and of a few rectors only, between 1595 of Woodtird, in Essex. In the index, and 1700. The following, of an earlier Ridge, which is in Hertfordshire, is re- date, occur in a curious manuscript forferred to, by mistake, as a church in merly belonging to St. Alban's Abbey, Midd'eses. From the descriptions we and not referred to by bishop Tanner, jo have selected the two following as speci. Dr. Rawlinson's Collection at Oxford,

more particularly described in the ACElstree.

count of Ridge. The dates are those of * The village of Elstree is situated presentation : about eleven miles from London, in the

Joh. Wynes. hundred of Caisiin, in ferilordshire. 1467. Thomas Williani, A few houses oliy near the chuch, are

1470. Hen. Spenser. in the parish; the rest starting in the

1471. Malacny keenyan. three parishes or Edgeware, Whitchuroll,

1474. Jolin Ser an.

7477. Richard Bus uetulias Bosqueta and Aldenham.

1483. Jolin Lubbe. " Of its antiquiry we know but little.

« The rectors iron 1700 in the present The property of the place is id to have time, are given trom the bishop of Lone heen gien in St. Alban's Abbey, at its don's Registers : first foundation by king Ofia ;* and in

1700. William Hawtayne. the Domesday Survey, it is supposed to

1719. Richard Bainbrigs, M.A, have been included in the manor of Park

1740. Samuel Clarke. bury, retailed ainong the possessions of 1787 Wiliam Hawtayne. the monks, to whom, from a remote “ In the king's books, 1534, it stands period, the reciory of Elstiec seems to at eight pounds. The earliest date of have belonged.

the Register, according to Mr. Lysunis, • The church, dedicated to St. Nic is 1656." cholas, is a soul neat structure; the ap

Bermondsey. pearance of whose exterior has given

“ The new and fuir church at Bersise to the supposition that it was orta ginaliy built out of the ruins of the an

mondsey, so particularly mentioned in cient city of Sulloniacæ, about a mile

the Domesday Survey, is allowed by our distant. 'It consists of a nale, chancel, church, which had then been very lateig

topographers to mean only be conventual and south aisle, the latter separated from buile.t Mr. Manning dates the founda. the body by octagopal pillars and pointed tion of the parish church about the learches. The combs are few, and of in

ginning of ihe reign of Edward IIT. considerable note. Since the dissolution of religious from the bishop of Winchester for iis

when, in 1337, a commission was issued houses, the adsowson of the rectory, consecration by Bonitace, bishop of which is in the deanery of St. Alban's, Corban.t Jias been vested in the crown). In the Taxation of Pope Nicholas, 1291, we have only a casual mention of the vill Claud. E. iv. f. $42. called “thildesuet;"† without any valor

+ Domesd, vol. i. f. 30. a.

| Manning's Jlist. Surr. vol. i. p. 208, Newc. Rep. Eccl. vob. i. p. 840. from Reg. Wiaton. Orleton. † Ms. in the King's Remembr. Oft. Excheq. f. 82, b.

" But



626 Retrospect of Dornestic Literature-Topography.

“ But that a church existed here at a the early sections:--1. Ancient Inhabi periud somewhat carlier, is evident froin tants and Government; 2. Historical Pope Nicholas's Taxation, made in the Events; 3. Ancient and modern Divbroa year 1291, where “ Eccl'ia b'e Marie of Cheshire; 4. Ecclesiastical Jurisdic. Maydalen de Bermundeseie,” stands at tion and Division; 5. Monasteries, Col. the value of eight marks; at which time leges, and Hospitals; 6. Market-towns; it paid a pension of two marks to the 7. Population; 8. Principal Land-owe Convent. The edilice was, no doubt, ers; 9. Nobility of the County, and founded by the monks. In the reign of Places which have given Tive to any Henry VIII. 1519, it received the acces- Branch of the Peerage; 10. Vobleren's sion of a turret; and in 1610, of a south Seats; 11. Baronets extinct and existing; aisle: but toward the close of the seren- 12. Seats of Baronets; 13. Ancient Fa. teenth century, became so dilapidated, milies extinct ami existing; 14. Geograto require taking down.t

phical and Geological Descriptions of the “ The present structure of brick co- County; 15. Produce; 16. Natural liis vered with plaister, consists of a chancel, tory; 17. Mineral Springs; 13. Rivers; mave, and two aisles, enlighiened by a 19. Canals; 20. Ruads; 21. Manufacsingle series of arched windows. At ibe tures. Under the general head of " Antiwest end is a tower, square at the lower quities,” we have, 22. Roman Antiquipart, but ending in a kind of done, ties; 23. British and Roman Roads, and crowned with a

The whole Roinan Stations; 24. Ancient Church Jength of the church is seventy-six feet, Architecture; 25 Ancient Painted Glass; and the height of the steeple eighty. 26. Rood Loits, Screens &c.; 27. Fonts;

28. Stone Stalls and Piscina; 29. An. “ The monumental inscriptions, which cient Sepulchral Monuments; so. Ma are neither numerous or particularly cu- nastic k emains; 31. Castles and Sites ut rious, are modern. That of Jeremiah Castles; 32. Ancient Mansion Houses; Whitaker, an eminent puritan, who died 33. Ancient Crosses; 54. Camps and rector of the parish in 1654, is perhaps Earth-works; 35. Miscellaneous Antithe most remarkable.

quities; 36. Custoins, Of these the “ The advowson of the rectory, con- most valuable seem the thirteenth, ibe tinued with the neighbouring monks till twenty-second, the tweuty.ninth, thirtythe dissolution of their monastery, in the second, and thirty-third. The section 29th of Henry VIII. when it was granted, entitled “Ancient Families extinct and with the scite of the Abbey, to Sir Robert existing,” is a most curious and elaboSouthwell.I Since that period it has rate memoir. The Purochial Topograa undergone the same alienations with the phy,” which follows the preliminary sec. manor, and is now in the patronage of tion, is opened with a concise account of Mrs. Hamblay. In the king's books, the all that has been written on the subject living stands at fifteen pounds eight shile of Cheshire. lings and eleven-pence half-penny. “The only part of Cheshire, (Messrs.

The rectors since 1700, have been: Lysons observe,) of which we have any

1721. William Taswell, D.D. regular history, is the hundred of Bact: 1797. William Browning, M.A. low, written by Sir Peter Leycester, who 1740. John Paget, M.A.

has, with much industry, and apparent 1745. Peter Pinnel, D.D.

accuracy, traced the history of property 1777. Thomas Hanıbly, B.C.L.

and families in that district, from a very 1802. Henry Cox Mason." 111 a former Supplement we detailed in some instances a few years later: the

carly period down to the year 1666, and the plan of Messrs. Daniel and SAMUEL work was published in 1673. Dr. Gower

, Lr ons's " Magna Britanniu.We have in his Skech of the Materials for a los now to report their progress in the pub- tory of Cheshire, of which we shall make lication of the second part of Vol. II. containing a concise topographical de- had been asserted, that 'Sir Peier cui.

nore particular mention, says that is scription of “ the County Puiarine of Ches lected for all the hundreds : his own ops; ter." The following are the subjects of nion," he tells us, “was, that he dad

not collect for them professedly, but * MS. in the King's Remembr. Office, that the manuscripts ubich had been † Aubrey's Hist. of Surry, vol. v. submitted by Lady Leicester to bis care,

related to, and exiended orer, the whule | See Manning's Hist. Surry, vol. i. county ; containing a prodigious furad uf p. 186. Lysons's Env. of Lond. vol. i. p. 549, very valuable information. "Through the


p. 42, 43.

indulgence of Sir J. F. Leicester, we ter to London, and other modern publica. have had an opportunity of inspecting tions. The Life of St. Werburgh, written his ancestor's MSS. which are now in in verse by Henry Bradshaw, a monk of his possession, at Tabley; and ive found Chester, and printed hy Pynson, of which them to contain ample collections for the only two or three copies are known to hundred of Bucklow, written by Sir be extant, contains many historical para Peter Leycester, in a very neat hand, ticulars relating to the city of Chester. but scarcely any thing relating to other " The inanuscript collections for this parts of the county, except a large vo- ' county have been uncommonly numerous: jume of pedigrees, written also by Sir an account of most of these is given in a Peter himself, being chiefly copied from Skcich of the Materials for a llistory of the collections of Mr. John Booth, of Cheshire, in a Letter addressed to ThoTwenlow, with some additions made by mus Falconer, esq. and printed, first anoSir Francis Leycester, Sir Peter's suco nymously in 1771, and a second edition cessor.

alierwards with his name, by Foote “The earliest printed work relating to Gower, M.D. who meditated a listory the county palaline of Chester, is that of the county upon an extensive scale generally known by the name of King's The most important are the very voluVale Royal, for which the editor, Daniel minons collections of the Randal Holmes, King, an engraver, seems to have enjoy. (of which name there were four in suco ed a much greater portion of fame ihan cession) now among the Harleian MSS. was his due. The first part consists oi a in the British Museum; containing an brief geographical account of Cheshire, immense mass of copies of charters, the course of its rivers, a summary ac- decus, &c. taken from public records count of the several hundreds, brief and private in uniment rooms; pedigrees; descriptions of the city of Chiesier, the letters, and various other matter collected market towns, and a few of the principal by them, or copied from the collections villages; lists of the gentry in each hun- of others; the collections of John Booth, dred, and engraved coats of arins in al- esq. of Tremlow, Mr. Roger Wilbraham's phabetical order; and annals of the city collections for the town and district of of Chester, all by William Smith, ilouge. Nantwich; Mr. Jolin Warburton's coldragon pursuivant at arius in the reign lections, consisting of the descents of of Queen Elizabeth. The most valuable manors, and an account of the principal article in the second part is an Itinerary families; those of the Rev. John Stones, of Cheshire, divided into the several rector of Coddington; and those of Mr. hundreds, made in the year 1622, by William Vernon, of Shakerley in LasiWilliam Webb, M.A. who was clerk in cashire, consisting of many folio volumes, the mayor's court at Chester, and had comprising extracts from needs and other been under-sheriff to Sir Richard Lea authentic instruinents, descents of famiin the year 1615. The second part con- lies, and a variety of matter relating to tains also a short history of the Earls of several towns and parishes in Cheshire. Chester, their barons, the Bishops of The collections of Lawrence Bostock, Mercia and Chester, the gorernment of Sampson Erdswich, Ralph Starkey, the county and city, and a more copious Randal Catherall

, Puger Wilcoxon, the epitome of the annals of the latter, come three Chaloners, and others, most of piled from the corporation wouks, by which are now among the Harleian MSS. William Aldersey, twice wayor of Ches- in the British Museum, are also described; tei, who died in 1617. A work entitleda and two very valuable epitonies made History of Cheshire, in two volumes 810. about a century ago from the several was publi-hed in 1778, being merely a copy voluminous collections relating to this of the Vale Royal, with extracts from Sir county; the one containing the descent Peter Lycester's Ilistory of Pucklow of the principal landed property, come Hundred; an anonymous Elistoryof Nanse piled by Dr. Williamson, a physician, wich, written by the Rev. Mr. l'artridge, under the title of Tollure Cesiriense;" which had been published separatciy in the other an epitome of the ecclesiastical 177!; extracts froin a brief History of Eco, bistory of each parish, with an accurate cleston, which had been published by the account of charitable donations and inRev. Thomas Crane in 1774; the Diary stitutions, under the title of “ Notitia Cese of Edward Burghali, some time rector of triensis," compiled svith great industry by Acton, relating chiefly to public tran- Dr. Gastrell, bisliop of Chester, by whose sections during the civil war; and ex. means the large collections of the Holmes, from Pennant's Journey from Ches- being offered to sale after the death of

Randal tracts

628 Retrospect of Domestic Literature- Topography. Randal Holme in 1707, were purchased dum, was first published in the esty for the Furiot Oxford's library, and have part of the last century. The accoux eventually become the property of the given of bim is, that he was ar ildietate public. The principal collector for the plough-boy, bis capacity scarcely ex Iristory of the City of Chester, was the ceeding that of an idcot, and that be Rev. Archdeacon Rogers, who died in seldom spoke unless when he uttered 1593; his notes were arranged and his propriecies, which were taken dusa classed in chapters hy his son, who drew from his mouils, by some of the byeup a very curious history of “The lauda- standers: many traditions relating to bia ble Exercise's yearly used within the are still current in the neighbuorhood Citie of Chester;" a copy of these col- of Vale Royal, where his siury i uslections is among the Harleian MSS. in plicitly believed; but there are many the British Museum, and another in the circumstances which combine to render possession of William Nicholls, esq. of it suspicious. Au anonymous auilus of Chester.

" the Life of Robert Nixon, the Cheshire “ It appears by Dr. Gower's prospec. Prophet,” places his birth in the reign of tus, that he was possessed of the originals Edward IV. but Oldmisun, in bis Life of sonic of the collections which he has of him, says that he lived in the reign of described, that he had transcripts of James I. and it is asserted in a leuer an. some, and that others has been confided nexed to the last-mentioned pamphlet, to his care by their respective owners. which has the signature of Willia:a At the ime of his death, which hap- Ewers, and the date of 1714, that thera pened in 1780, the plan of his work is was an old nan, one Woodman, thea said to have been nearly completed, and living at Coppenhall, wbo remembered the publication was undertaken in 1792 Nixon, could describe his person, and by John Wilkinson, M.D: who became had communicated many particulars of possessed of all bis materials for the his- his life. The tradition at Vale Royal tory, except such as bad been lent to House, where the above-mentioned ina. Di. Gower, and on his death had been puscripts have been long preserved with returned to their respective owners. great care and secrecy, favours the for Dr. Wilkinson having afterwards de iner account; and were it not so inuch clined the task through want of sufficient connected with Vale Rnyai and the Chula teisure to fuihil his intentions, all Dr. mondeley family, who are known not to Gover's collections, with such additious have settled at that place before the as had been made in them by Dr. Wilc year 1615, the story would have more kiis, came into the bands of the late the air of probability, if placed at a pe William Lathain, esą. F.R. and A.S. riod so remote. If, according to 0.who, in 1800, published renewed propo. mixon's account, so extraordinary a persals for a llisiory of Cheshire, visited son las lived at Vale-Royal in the rega several parts of the county, and made of James 1. we might expect to and some progress iit the undertaking; since sune mention of him in the parish tee his death, which bappened in 1807, gister either at Over, or Whitegate, both most of the Cheshire collections above of which have been searched in vau; mentioned, bare passed again into the and it is almost incredible that he should hands of Dr. Wilkinson, in whose pos- not have been noticed by his contemsession they now are. The Rev. Mr. poraries; yet 110 mention is made of him Watson, rector of Stockport, made culo either by Webb, who in his Itinerary of lections relating to that twn and neigh. 1622, speaks much of the Cholmondeley bourhood, with the intention of publi- fannly, and relates a visit of King James cation: they are now in the hands of I. to Vale Royal for four days, or by the his son."

industrimus Randal Holme, who has reChester forms, of course, the most corded all the remnarkable events and curious article in the parochial tupo- circumstances of luis une. Indeed, whate graphy. Under IThitrgale, we have ine ever be the age assigned to Nixon, if following account of Nixon, the Cheshire his story and his prophecies had been prophet:

known in the seventeenth century, it "llere aie deposited certain MSS. seeins very extraordinary, that neither which are said to be the original prophe- of the Ilolines should have inserted a sin. cies of the celebrated Nixon. The po- gle note concerning bin, in their volupular story of this supposed prophet, minous and multifarious collections rewhich has been printed in various forms, lating to this county; and that Fuller, and is current in every part of the king. who published his Worthies" inime


diately after the restoration, when many neum; at Stabiæ; Excavations, at Pom. of Nixon's prophecies are said to have peii; Inscription there; subject of Picbeen fulflled, should also have omitted tures' at Herculaneum :" of these, one to notice him. The story of Nixon's of the most curious is the ninth disserdeath is, that having been sent for by tation on a manuscript, which Cicero the king, he was accidentally starved, as appears to have copied, or compiled he himself had foretold; this is said to from, i heu digesting bis treatise, “ De hare happened at Hampion-court, where Natura Deorum.” From the first part two places are pointed out by the person of it,” Mr. Drummond observes, “Ciwho shows the palace, each of which has cero has taken the 14th, 15ih, and 16th been said to have been the scene of his chapters of his first book; but towards famishinent. This part of the story will the conclusion of the manuscript, I find not bear the test of inquiry better than the charge of atheism urged against the the others; there is no entry in the pa. Stoics with a vehemence which has been rish-register of the burial of such a per- avoided by the Roman orator.” A comson in the reign of James 1.: one of the plete transcript of the manuscript liself closets pointed out as that in which follows the dissertation; together with Nixon was by accident locked up, was another copy, in which the gaps and evidently built in the reign of William III. deficiencies of the original have been and it is needless to observe, that the supplied by the acadeinicians of Portici. whole palace was built subsequently to The work itself is highly deserving of atthe reign of Henry VII. which is by tention from scholars. Among the sune said to have been the time of plates at the close, the second exhibits Nixon's death. When, in addition to the different forms of the Etruscan leto these circumstances, we observe that ters, as preserved by the more eminent the particulars relating to the Cholinone antiquaries. deleys in the printed accounts of Nixon,

CLASSICAL LITERATURI. are at variance with the real and known In the new edition of " Schrevelius's history of that family, we cannot help. Lericon," by Mr. Watts, we have a regarding his story as very suspicious, if work of great labour and yieat utility. not wholly legendary."

The advertisement prefixed by the ediAt the end of all are some useful ad- tor will explain its principal advantages : ditions and corrections.

" Ad Lectorem. Here also we have to notice “Hercula. “ Quæ in hâc nova edicione præstiti. nensia ; or Archeological and Philologi- mus, L. B. liceat nobis tibi breviter exral Dissertations, containing a Munu- ponere. In libello concimando, adhiscript found among the Ruins of Hercu- buimus præcipuè quartam Schrevelii edilaneum, und dedicated (by permission) to tionem Lexici sui Lugduni et Roterodahis Royal Highness the Prince of Wales," mi editam anno MDCLXIV. in 8vo. by Messrs. DRUMMOND and WALPOLE. Hillii porro ejusdem libri editionein Can.

The following are the titles of the dil- tabrigiæ MDCLXXXV. in câdem forinâ ferent dissertations, 1. “On the Size, editain, denique istam quæ ex prelo PaPopulation, and Political State, of the tavino prodiit in fol. MDCCLV. ancient City of Herculaneum.” 2.“ On “ Quo meliùs et copiosiùs illustrari Campania in general, and that Part of it possent verborum vis et significatio, inocalled Felix.” 3. “On the Etymology lis libri ratione perpetuo servatâ, ad Lexiof Flerculaneun." 4. “ On some In- ca Constantini, H. Stephani, Scapulæ, scriptions found among the Ruins of Suiceri, et liederici confugimus, inde Herculaneum.” 5. “On the Names of mulia et utilia desumpta sunt. Edditio. Places in the Campania Felix being fre. nem adhibuiinus Hederici Lipsiensem in quently derived from the Phænician.' 8vo, ab Ernesto curaram MDCCLXVII. 6. “ On the Knowledge of the Greek “ Verborum ferè mille nuric primùm Language, and on the State of the Art adjecimus, quà in re consuluimus Gæcis of Painting among the Romans, before scriptoribus, quorum excerpta tironuin and about the Time of the Destruction ubique in manibus sunt. , of Herculaneum." 7. “On the Mate. "In libro excudendo feci, quod potu, rials on which the Ancients wrote." ut accuratissimus prodeat; multum ta8. “ Paleographical Observations on the men debeo fidei, diligentiæ, et peritiæ llerculaneau Manuscripts ; written at typographi. Siquid peccatum fuerir, hoe Palermo in the Year 1807.” 9. “On inines enim sumus, lu lector benignè the Manuscript of Herculaneum riepi Tar condouabis.

R. W." Stay." 10. " Inscriptions at Hercula- “ Prid. cal. Feh. MDCCCX." MONTULY Mac. Nu. 201.

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