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fordshire; Guild-hall Chapel, and the of the living. A miscellaneous manucurious Kitchen at Stanton Harcourt, in script however in the Cotton library, of Oxfordshire. We have not often scen the fourteenth century, * relating, prina work of more equal good cxecution cipally to St. Alban's, sets its produce at than the present.
three marks. The parliamentary comIn this class also, we have to place missioners, in their enquiry into the the second coluine of Mr. WOODBURN's state of the ecclesiastical benefices in “Ecclesiustical Topogruphy;" containing 1650, found the rectory of Ilstree, with fitty Views of Churches in the Envirous two acres of glebe, was woriti but forty of London, accompanied by appropriate pounds a year; that it had been seques. Descriptions. The commendations we tered froin Abraham Spencer, (to whose bestowed upon the former volume need family a fifth of the rectory had been pot to be withheld froin this. Of the allowed ;) and that the cure was supplied Views we preter those of Merton, Came by William Markelman, put in by the berwell, Malden, and Micham Churches, committee of plundered ministers. in Surry; of Jiayes, and Foot's Cray, in “ Newcourt, in the Repertorium EcKent; of Hampton, Northall, Greenford clesiasticum, supplies us with the names Magna, and Harrow, in Middlesex; and of a few rectors only, between 1595 of Woodford, in Essex. In the index, and 1700. The following, of an carlier Ridge, which is in Hertfordshire, is re- date, occur in a curious manuscript forterred 10, by mistake, as a church in merly belonging to St. Alban's Abbey, Middlesex. from the descriptions we and not referred to by bishop Tanner, ja have selected the iwo tollowing as speci. Dr. Rawlinson's Collection at Oxford,
more particularly described in the ac Elstree.
count of Ridge. The dates are those of “ The village of Elstree is situated presentation : about eleven miles from London, in the
Joh. Wynes. bundred of Caisiin, in llerilordshive. 1467. Thomas Williani. A few houses oliy near the church, are
1470. Hen. Spenser. in the parish; the rest standing in the
1471. Malacny Keenyan.
1474. Jolin Seman. three parishes of Edgeware, Whichurch,
1477. Richard Bisuet alias Bosquet, and Aldenham.
1483. John Jubbe. “ Of its antiquiry we know but little.
«The rectors from 1700 in the present The property of the place in aid to have time, are given from the bishop of Lons heen gren to St. Alban's Abbey, at its don's Registers : first foundation by king Ofta;* and in
1700. William Hawtayne. the Domesday Survey, it is supposed to
17 19. Richard Bainbrigg, M.A. have been inciuded in the manor of Park
1740. Samuel Clarke. hury, detailed anong the possessions of 1787 Wiliam Hawtayne. the monks, to wboni, from a remote “In the king's books, 1531, it stands period, the rectory of Elsuec seems to at eight pounds. The earhest date of have belonged.
the Register, according to Mr. Lysunis, " The church, dedicated to Sc. Nic is 1636.” chola, is a small neat structure; the ap
Bermondsey. pearance of whose exterior has given
“ The new and fair church at Berrise to the supposition that it was orie ginally built out of the ruins of the an
mondsev, so particularly mentioned in cient city of Sulloniacæ, about a mile
the Domesday Survey, is allowed by our distant. It consists of a nate, chancel, topographers to mean only ibe conventuul and south aisle, the latter sepidated from buile.t' Mr. Manning dates the funda:
church, which had then been very latriy the body by octagonal pillars and pointed tion of the parish church about the lice arches.' The combus are tew, and of in- ginning of the reign of Edward III, considerable nore. “ Since the dissolution of religious froin the bishop of Winchester for is
when, in 1337, a commission was issued houses, the advowson of the rectory, consecration by Boniface, bishop of which is in the deanery of St. Albani's,
i Manning's Jlist. Surr. vol. i. p. 208,
“ But that a church existed here at a the early sections:--1. Ancient Inhabi periud somewhat carlier, is evident froin tants and Government; 2. Historical Pope Nicholas's Taxation, made in the Events; 3. Ancient and modern Divbroa year 1291, where “ Eccl'ia b'e Marie of Cheshire; 4. Ecclesiastical Jurisdic. Maydalen de Bermundeseie,” stands at tion and Division; 5. Monasteries, Col. the value of eight marks; at which time leges, and Hospitals; 6. Market-towns; it paid a pension of two marks to the 7. Population; 8. Principal Land-owe Convent. The edilice was, no doubt, ers; 9. Nobility of the County, and founded by the monks. In the reign of Places which have given Tive to any Henry VIII. 1519, it received the acces- Branch of the Peerage; 10. Vobleren's sion of a turret; and in 1610, of a south Seats; 11. Baronets extinct and existing; aisle: but toward the close of the seren 12. Seats of Baronets; 13. Ancient Fa. teenth century, became so dilapidated, milies extinct ami existing; 14. Geograto require taking down.t
phical and Geological Descriptions of the “ The present structure of brick co- County; 15. Produce; 16. Natural liis vered with plaister, consists of a chancel, tory; 17. Mineral Springs; 13. Rivers; mave, and two aisles, enlighiened by a 19. Canals; 20. Ruads; 21. Manufacsingle series of arched windows. At ibe tures. Under the general head of " Antiwest end is a tower, square at the lower quities,” we have, 22. Roman Antiquipart, but ending in a kind of done, ties; 23. British and Roman Roads, and crowned with a
The whole Roinan Stations; 24. Ancient Church Jength of the church is seventy-six feet, Architecture; 25 Ancient Painted Glass; and the height of the steeple eighty. 26. Rood Loits, Screens &c.; 27. Fonts;
28. Stone Stalls and Piscina; 29. An. “ The monumental inscriptions, which cient Sepulchral Monuments; so. Ma are neither numerous or particularly cu nastic k emains; 31. Castles and Sites ut rious, are modern. That of Jeremiah Castles; 32. Ancient Mansion Houses; Whitaker, an eminent puritan, who died 33. Ancient Crosses; 54. Camps and rector of the parish in 1654, is perhaps Earth-works; 35. Miscellaneous Antithe most remarkable.
quities; 36. Custoins, Of these the “ The advowson of the rectory, con most valuable seem the thirteenth, ibe tinued with the neighbouring monks till twenty-second, the tweuty.ninth, thirtythe dissolution of their monastery, in the second, and thirty-third. The section 29th of Henry VIII. when it was granted, entitled “Ancient Families extinct and with the scite of the Abbey, to Sir Robert existing,” is a most curious and elaboSouthwell.I Since that period it has rate memoir. The “ Purochial Topograa undergone the same alienations with the phy,” which follows the preliminary sec. manor, and is now in the patronage of tion, is opened with a concise account of Mrs. Hamblay. In the king's books, the all that has been written on the subject living stands at fifteen pounds eight shile of Cheshire. lings and eleven-pence half-penny. “The only part of Cheshire, (Messrs.
The rectors since 1700, have been: Lysons observe,) of which we have any
1721. William Taswell, D.D. regular history, is the hundred of Bact: 1797. William Browning, M.A. low, written by Sir Peter Leycester, who 1740. John Paget, M.A.
has, with much industry, and apparent 1745. Peter Pinnel, D.D.
accuracy, traced the history of property 1777. Thomas Hanıbly, B.C.L.
and families in that district, from a very 1802. Henry Cox Mason." 111 a former Supplement we detailed in some instances a few years later: the
carly period down to the year 1666, and the plan of Messrs. Daniel and SAMUEL work was published in 1673. Dr. Gower
, Lr ons's " Magna Britanniu.” We have in his Skech of the Materials for a los now to report their progress in the pub- tory of Cheshire, of which we shall make lication of the second part of Vol. II. containing a concise topographical de- had been asserted, that 'Sir Peier cui.
nore particular mention, says that is scription of “ the County Puiarine of Ches lected for all the hundreds : his own ops; ter." The following are the subjects of nion," he tells us, “was, that he dad
not collect for them professedly, but * MS. in the King's Remembr. Office, that the manuscripts ubich had been † Aubrey's Hist. of Surry, vol. v. submitted by Lady Leicester to bis care,
related to, and exiended orer, the whule | See Manning's Hist. Surry, vol. i. county ; containing a prodigious furad uf p. 186. Lysons's Env. of Lond. vol. i. p. 549, very valuable information. "Through the
p. 42, 43.
Pers' was his due. The first part consists on a ht29d descriptions of the city of Chester, the letters, and various other matter collected si in market towns, and a few of the principal by them, or copied trom the collections lit:** Hundred ; an anonymnu5 llistoryof Nant, piled liy Dr. Williamson, a physician, obile, Acton, relating chiefly to public tran. Dr. Gastreli, bishop of Chester, by whose
indulgence of Sir J. F. Leicester, we ter to London, and other modern publica. have had an opportunity of inspecting tions. The Life of St. Werburgh, written
his ancestor's MSS. wbich are now in in verse by Henry Bradshaw, a monk of Lieb his possession, at Tabley; and ve found Chester, and printed by Pynson, of which 120 liter
thein to contain ample collections for the only two or three copies are known to
hundred of Bucklow, written by Sir be extant, contains many historical para paly Peter Leycester, in a very neue land, ticulars relating to the city of Chester. :9. do but scarcely any thing relating to other " The manuscript collections for this
parts of the county, except a large vo- county have been uncommonly numerous: et de la lume of pedigrees, written also by Sir an account of most of these is given in a S; Il betöö Peter himself, being chiefly copied from Skcich of the Materials for a llistory of
the collections of Mr. John Booth, of Cheshire, in a Letter addressed to ThoEllei 2.6 Twenlow, with some additions made by mus Falconer, esq. and printed, first anoThe Sir Francis Leycester, Sir Peter's suc- nymously in 1771, and a second edition
aliernards with his name, by Foore "The earliest printed work relating to Gower, M.D. who meditated a liistory is the county palaline of Chester, is that of the county upon an extensive scale. . list your generally known by the name of King's The most important are the very
voluy regio Vale Royal, for which the editor, Daniel minous collections of the Randal Holmes, 2. br.tw King, an engraver, seems to have enjoy- (of which naine there were four in suced a much greater portion of fame than cession) now among the Harleian MSS.
in the British Museum; containing an brief geographical account of Cheshire, immense mass of copies of charters, the course of its rivers, a summary ac- deeds, &c. taken from public records villages; lists of the gentry in each hun- of others; the cullections of John Booth, dred, and engraved coats of arms in al- esg. of Tremlow, Mr. Roger Wilbraham's phabetical order; and annals of the city collections for the town and district of of Chester, all by William Smith, rouge. Nantwich; Mr. Jolin Warburton's coldragon pursuivant at arms in the reign lections, consisting of the descents of of Queen Elizabeth. The most valuable manors, and an account of the principal article in the second part is an Itinerary fimilies; those of the Rev. Johu Scones, of Cheshire, divided into the several rector of Coddington; and those of Mr. hundreds, made in the year 1622, by William Vernon, of Shakerley in Lajie William Webb, M.A. uko was clerk in cashire, consisting of many folio volumes, the mayor's court at Chester, and had comprising extracts from reeds and other been under-sheriff to Sir Richard Lea authentic instruments, descents of famiin the year 1615. The second part con: lies, and a variety of matter relating to tains also a short history of the Earls of several towns and parishes in Cheshire. Chester, their barons, the Bishops of The collections of Lawrence Bostock, Mercia and Chester, the government of Sampson Erılswich, Ralph Starkey, the county and city, and a more copious Randal Catherall, Ruger Wilcoxon, the epitome of the aunals of the latter, cum, three Chaloners, and others, most of piled from the corporation books, by which are now among the Harleian MSS. William Aldersey, twice mayor of Chose in the British Museum, are also described; ter, who died in 1617. A work entitleda and two very valuable epitomes made History of Cheshire, in two volumes 8vo. about a century ago from the several was publi-led in 1778, being merely a copy voluminous cullections relating to this of the Vale Royal, with extracts from Sir county; the one containing the descent Peter Lycester's Iristory of Pucklow of the principal landed property, come wich, written by the lev. vir. l’artridge, wider the title of “ 7illare Cestriense;" which had been published separately in the other an epitome of the ecclesiastical 1771; extracts froin a brief History of Ec-, bistory of each parish, with an accurate cleston, which had been published by the account of charitable donations and inRer. Thomas Crane in 1774; the Diary stitutions, under the title of “ Notitia Cese of Edward Burghall, some time rector of triensis," compiled with great industry by
the civil war; and ex. means the large collections of the llolmes, from Pennant's Journey from Ches- being offered to sale after the death of
ceeding that vi an ideot, and that is seldom spoke unless when he ulter: 3 his prophecies, which were taken duen from his mouil, boy standers: many traditions relating to ta are still current in the neigutvariwand of Vale Royal, where his story s ar
dom, was first published in the eng's part of the last century. The acts
of him is, that he was ac illius
plough-boy, bis capacity scutely eve 628 Randal Holme in 1707, were purchased for the Eart of Oxford's library, and have eventually become the property of the given public. The principal collector for the History of the City of Chester, was the Rev. Archdeacon Rogers, who died in 1595; bus notes were arranged
and classed in chapters by his son, who drew
svole of the best ap a very curious history of “The laudable Exercises yearly used within the Citie of Chester;" a copy of these colo lections is anong the Harleian MSS. in
pliciily believed; but there are inay the British Museum, and another in the
circunstances u lich combine to rester possession of William Nicholls, esq. of
it suspicious. An anonymous avi boxu Chester.
66 ile Life of Robert Nixon, the Coats “ It appears by Dr. Gower's
Prophet,” places his birth in the reiga tus, that he was possessed of the originals
Eidward IV. but Oldmixun, in his of some of the collections wbich he has
of hin, says that he lived in the rega de described, that he had transcripts of James I. and it is asserted in a ieuet aasome, and that others had been confided
nexed to the last-identioned pacoptik to his care loy their respective owners.
which has the signature of 1.kad At the ime of his death, which hap Ewers, and the date of 1714, that des pened in 1730, the plan of his work is
an old inani, one Woodman, la said to have been nearly completed, and living at Coppenízıt, who remembe.at the publication was undertaken in 1992
Nixon, could describe his persil, 24 by John Wilkinson, M.D. who became
had communicated many particulars a possessed of all his materials for the his. his life.
The tradition at Vale Rose tory, except such as had been lent to House, where the above-mentioned in Di Gower, and on his death had been nuscripts have been long preseried wa returned to their respective owners. great care and secrecy, favours tbe En Dr. Wilkinson having afterwards de mer acerunt; and were it not su buc clined the task through want of suficient connected with Vale Rnyal and the C leisure to
til his intentions, all Dr. mondeley family, who are inowa iki Gower's collections, with such additious have sctiled at that place before se as had been made to them by Dr. Wil. year 1615, the story would have a ki:10n, came into the hands of the late the air of probability, if placed at a William Latham, esq. F.R. and A.S. rioci so remote. If, according to its who, in 1800, published renewed propo. mixon's account, so extraordinary a its sals for a llistory of Chesbire, visited son hart lived at Vale-Royal in the sea. several parts of ine counts, and made of James I. we might expect to .. some progress in the undertaking; since some mention of bin in coe pansar his death, which happened in 1807, gister either at Over, or Whitegate, 123 most of the Cheshire collections above- of which have been searched in 12. mentioned, bare passed again into the and it is almost incredible that he stes & hands of Dr. Wilkinson, in whose pos- not have been noticed by his cartes session they now are.
The Rev. Mr. poraries; yet no mention is made of an Watson, rector of Stockport, made col- either by Webb, who in his Itinerary of lections relating to that twn and neigh. 1622, speaks much of the Chumai: bourhood, witli the intention of public family, and relates a visit of King Ja * cation: they are now in the hands of !. to Vale Royal for four days, or by the his son."
industrimus Randal Ilolme, who has reChester forms, of course, the most corded all the renarkable eveals 35 curious article in the parochial topo- circumstances of his tine, indeed, wbize graphy. Under Thitrgate, we have ine
ever be the age assigned in Viswi following account of Nixon, the Cheshire his story and his prophecies has bee
known in the seventeenth centra, s prophet:
allere aie deposited certain MSS. seeins very extraordinary, that bries which are said to be the original prophe- of the Holines should have inserttila cies of the celebrated Nixon. The po- gle note concerning him, in their is wa pular story of this supposed prophet, minous and multifarious collector which has been printed in various forms, lating to this county; and the Fus and is current in every part of the king. who published his ** Worthin
diately afrer the restoration, when many neum; at Stabiæ; Excavations, at Pom. B, *** of Nixon's prophecies are said to have peii; Inscription there; subject of Pic
* been fulfiled, should also have omitted tures" at Herculaneum :" of these, one esbona to notice him. The story of Nixon's of the most curious is the ninth disserhy best death is, that having been sent for by tation on a manuscript, which Cicero
the king, he was accidentally starved, as appears to have copied, or compiled
been said to have been the scene of his chapters of his first book; but towards de bi te famishment. This part of the story will the conclusion of the manuscript, I find
not bear the test of inquiry better than the charge of atheism urged against the
The advertisement prefixed by the edi-
• Ad Lectorem.
The following are the titles of the dit- tabrigia MDCLXXXV. in câdem forunâ