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May 31st. The singular note of the fern-owl or goat sucker, is now heard almost every evening. I have not this year heen able to ascertain the time when these birds arrived; * is however most commonly during the first ten or twelve days of May.
MONTHLY AGRICULTURAL REPORT. THE late rains in the country and about the metropolis have been of considerable advantage
in filling the wheat, and forwarding other sorts of grain crops. And they will probably be of much benefit to those of the bean kind, which have been greatly injured by the fly is many places. They must likewise prove of great utility to the curnip crops, the season for sowing which has been very bad in most situations, though the land was generally in a štais of fine preparation for their reception.
The pastures are in common extremely scarce of grass, but the rains that have lately fallco must be of very material service to them. It was however come too late for much of the hay grounds ; which are almost universally thin and poor crops. Even in the best hay dis. tricts this is the case.
In consequence of the great importations of grain, it has continued at nearly its forma prices. Wheat fetches from 65s. to 1065. per quarter; Fine ditto, 108s. to 1168.; Rye, ya to 50s.; Barley 345. to 4+5. ; Qats, 26s. to 36s.
Fattening stock, especially of the neat cattle kind, seems to look up; but sheep and lambs much as in our last. Beef fetches from 55. Od. to 6s. 6d. per stone of 8l6.; Mutdoo, is. Od. co 5s. 8d. ; Veal, 46. 10d. to. 03. 10d. ; Pork, 5s. 8d. to 65. 8d ; Lamb, 3s. 8d. to 7s. 44.
Hay has had a considerable advance since our last. Hay fetches from jl. Os. to 8l. 105-; Straw 31. 3s, to 31. 12s,
Highest, 77o. June 21. Wind E.
THL rain collected during the month is not sufficient to be noticed. In this neighbourhond we have scardly had showers more than one or two days, and these were of short contine
It is believed that in many parts of the country the weather has been more propitioes to the crops of grass. Here the produce is very scanty, averaging probably bat little inore than half a load to an acre.
The barometer bas been steady, and the thermometer high; the mean height of the former is: 29.82; and chat of the latter upwards of 60'. The number of brilliant days bas been ususually great, being 24 out of 31. The wind has, with a few exceptions, blowa from the
We have been favoured with an account of the temperature of the atmosphere, taken with a good thermometer, at Lympstone, Devon, in the morning and evening, from the 18th of November, 1809, to the 28th of May inclusive: we shall give the averages for each month: Morning į past 8.
. 42. 1
. 45. 47
Average for the whole period Highgate.
TO THE TWENTY-NINTH VOLUME OF THE MONTHLY MAGAZINE. VOL. 29. No. 201.]
JULY 31, 1810. [PRICE @s.
HALF-YEARLY RETROSPECT OF DOMESTIC LITERATURE.
• 1 of no willing wrong complaine, YRST in this cians we have to an- Which force or stealia haih wrought;
nounce the close of Mr. MUSICE'S No fruit I promise from the tree labours on the * Modern History of
That forth this blootb* bith brought. India.". The Supplement recently pub. I curry not with smoothing dermes, Bished, brings it down to the year of Ne yet rude threats 1 blast: our Lord 1783, when the imperial Mo- I seeke no patron tor my vaults ; gul Dynasty, by the blinding and de- I plead no needlessc haste.' thronement of Shah Auluin, virtually Our Retrospect allows so little space became extinct." At the end of all is a for any thing like elaboratc examination, closing chapter, entitled - European Sete that tiaving given a general view of what tlements."
the reader is to expect from "Caledonia," Mr. Chalmers, in the prosecution of we shall content ourselves with adding, his plan for renioving the difficulties, set- that Mr.Chalmers's opportunities of intling the disputes, and clearing the ob- formation have been only equalled by his sturities, of the history and antiquities of diligence. Scotland, has laid before the public the Here also we have to notice the second second volume of his “ Caledonia." voluine of Mr. PLAYFAIR'S "6 Family From the ancient annals of Scotland he Antiquity ; illustrutire of the Origin and proceeds, after some introductory inti- Progress of the Rank, Honours, und mations, to give its topographic history, Personal Merit, of the Nobility of the in a sequence of shires; beginning with United Kingdom." Containing the Engo the most southern, and proceeding to lish Viscounts, Barons, and Pecresses the northern, in a regular consecution. in their own right. • The localities of each shire are given in eight sections: the 1st. treating of its In Mr. Rose's “ Observations respect. paine; the 2d. of its situation and extent; ing the Public Erpenditure, and the the 3d. of its natural objects; the 41). Influence of the Crown," we have much of its antiquities; the 5th, of its esta- valuable information on the inanagement blisbinent as a shire; the oth of its civil of the revenue. The retrenchments of history; the 7th. of its agriculture, ma- government patronage since 1782, are nufactures, and trade; and the 8th, of its particularly rested on in the first part, ecclesiastical laistory."
followed by an account of the retorm The shires at present described, are which Mr. Pitt made in the manner of those of Roxburgh, Berwick, Hadington, contracting for loans and lotteries, Edinburgh, Lindithyow, Peeblis, and Mr. Peter's “ Statement of Facts, Selkirk. The topographical history of delivered to the Right Honourable Lord the south-western, the eastern, and i be Mimto, Governor-general of india, on northern, shires, is lu follow in the sub- his laic Arrivul ut Muiras," will be sequent voluines.
tonund interesting to those who study our 1. In the investigation of truth," says affairs in the East. Mr. Chalmers, “I have not been dis- Mr. Capel Lorrt has published a couraged by any difficulty, and I have pamphlet “ On the Revival of the Cause not declined any labour; I have sought of Riform:" and a shorter publication new documents; and I have tried, in my has appeared on the same subject, ene narration, to be neither tuo general, nor titled, Ritirm without Innoratinn." too minute. I will beg leare to conclude THEOLOGY, LCCLESIASTICAL AFFAIRS,&c. this preface, with Carew's Prosopopeia The most important work which has to his Survey of Cornwall:
of late appeared in this class, will be • I crave not courteous ayd of friends, To blaze my praise in verse;
" A Cornish word, signifying He year; Nor, proud to vaunt mune authors' names, the spring; or rather the i:uits of the year, In catalogue reliearse.
or bouding of trees;" AloxTILY Mag, No. 201.
022 Retrospect of Domestic Literature, Theology. found in the re-publication of “ The New sion, the first attempt toward a complete Testunent, translated from the Latin in English translation of the Scriptures. the Yeur 1380, by Join WiclIF, D.D. What extent of aid he received, it would to which ure prefixed, Memoirs of the now be difficult to discover; but Mr. Life, Opinions, and Writings, of Dr. Baber bas pretty clearly proved that be WicuiF; und An Historical Account did receive assistance from at least one of the Saron and English Versions of the of the strenuous asserters of his prior Scriptures, previous to the opening of the ciples, Nicholas de Herford or Hereford, fifteenth Century," by the Rev. H. H. of Queen's-college, Oxford. BABER.
John de Trevisa's claim to an English Wiclif's Version was originally pub- translation of the Bible, Mr. Baber lished in the year 1731, by the Rev. considers as an erroneous report, arisieg Jolin Lewis, minister of Margate, in the from a loose assertion of Caxton's, in the county of Kent; in the preparation of preface to his first edition of the Polje which for the press, he was greatly as
chronicon. sisted by the celebrated Dr. Daniel Wa.
We heartily wish Mr. Baber encouterland. Its value, as one of the best ragement in the farther extension of his monuments of our early language, needs labours; and shall be happy to see the not to be enlarged on here.
Old Testament of Wiclif printed in a In the “ Memoirs of the Life, Opie corresponding form. The words of Fanions, and Writings, of Dr. Wicly," Mr. bricius, quoted in his preface, are too Baber has superseded the Life by Lewis. nemorable to be omitted here: He concludes it with a more complete “mirum vero est, Anglos eam (vers list of the reformer's writings thaji has sionem] tam diu neglexisse, quum vel lingaz hitherto been given tu the world; men- causa ipsis in pretio debeat." tioning, in most instances, in what re- It may be sufficient, perhaps, to give positories the unpublished pieces may be the title only of " An Historical and Polifound
tical View of the Catholic Religion ; frena " The Historical Account of the Saron which Reasons are deduced that most anıl English Versions of the Scriptures, peremptorily compel every thinking Man previous to the opening of the fifteenth to combat the Emancipation of the Irish Century;" will be found, it possible, even who are of the Culholic Church." I a more interesting than the Lifo of Wiclif. series of Letters to Lord Grenville. Mr. Baber mentions their first dawn in a In this class also we shall notice brief description of the work of Cædmon, « A Letter to Sir John Nichol, on his Dea writer who, in the Suxon tiines, had cision against a Clergymun, for refusing the reputation of being inspired. Ilis to Bury the Child of a Dissenter; æi:hu parapiirastic version of several of the Preface audressed to the Archbishops und most remarkable passages of Sacred Bishops of the Church." Ilistory, is supposed to have been written
Among the most important of the Seaabout the iniddle of the seventh Nons which have appeared, is the course century. After mentioning one or two of lectures to the king's scholars at jost translations of detached parts, Mr. Westminster, in the years 1806, 1807, Baber proceeds to the description of the and 1808, by Dr. IRELAND, entitled, celebrated manuscript of the Gospels “ Pagunism and Christianity compared." called the “ Durliom Book," containing The subject, as we are inforned in the a Latin text, with an interlineary Saxon preface, is chiefly historical. The event version. The fornier written by Ead. which serves as the foundation of the frid, bishop of Lindisfarne, about the whole, is the capture of Rome by Alzyear 680: the latter supposed to have rick, in the beginning of the fifth century, been added in the time of Alfred, and Out of this arises, in the first part, a known to have been the work of one defence of the character of the church Aldredi, a priest. He also gives a par- against the slanders of Pagans. The ticular account of the Rushworth copy true causes of the decay of the empire of the Gospels in the Bodleian, followed are contrasted with the false; the impoby several other manuscripts of lesser tence of the heathen deities, 10 whom the
prosperity of Rome had been attributed, After mentioning one or two metrical is exposed in the arguments emp' uyed Psalters of the thirteenth century, and by the ancient apologists of the faith; Rolle of Hampole's prose Psalter of the and the beneficial tendency of the gospel fourteenth, Mr. Baber proceeds to a is asserted, in its connection with the jnore particular account of Wiclis's ver- condition of man in the present lite.
This part may therefore be called a Nor must we forget another sermon, vindication of the civil character of published in Scotland by Dr. WilliÅM Christianity in the Ronan empire, during LAURENCE Brown, “Ön the Churacler the first four centuries. The second and Influence of a virtuous King," part is employed in discussing the opi- preached on the occasion of the Jubilee. nions of the Pagans concerning the worship of a Deity, and the pursuit of hap- In this department of our Retrospect, piness, as it was prescribed by the phi- we cannot speak too highly of the first losophical sects. “Lest it should be ob- portion of the tenth voluine of the" Line jected,” says Dr. Ireland,“ that only half nean Society's Transactions ;" although it my task is accomplished, and that the consists of tive articles only. The first refutation of Payanism is not the proof paper is on the “ Characters of a new of Revelation, a determinacion bas been liliaceous genus called Brodiæa," by already taken to begin another course of Dr. JAMES EDWARD SMIII, 'the presie lectures, which shall look to this as their dent of the society. The second paper, principal object; describe, in a regular by the president also, contains “ Remanner, the scheme of Revelation; and diarks on the Sedum Ochroleucuin, or impress more fully on the young hearers, Autwor To persepov of Dioscorides; in a its doctrines and its duties."
Letter to Alexander Mac Leay, esg." These discourses are not less distin. The third contains, “A Deterinination guished by depth of learning, than by of three British species of Juncus with che pious and impressive manner in jointed leaves, by the Rer. Hugh which the truths they deliver are inculo Davies.” The fourth, and by far the cated.
most elaborate memoir, is by Mr. BROWN, Bishop HORSLEY'S " Sermons,” in two the society's librarian,“ On the Protenvolumes, octavo, forin another accession ceæ of Jussien;" a paper highly credi. of no ordinary value to the theologian. table to his talents as a botanist. The The discourses are in number twenty. fifth and last memoir, by Dr. Satu, is nine; of which six were given to the “On a remarkable Variety of Pediculapublic by the bishop hinself in his life. ris Sylvatica." time. The memory of this learned pre- Among the productions in this class, late is too fresb in the recollection of our which are more immediately addressed readers to need any observations on the to youth, two deserve to be particularly richness, the originality, or the energy, of noticed: “ The Wonders of Animated Nahis productions. The eíforts of his mind ture;” and “the Young Botanist's Com. are as conspicuous in his posthumous punion.” The former consists of deSermons, as in those which were imme. scriptions at large, and engraved repre. diately prepared to meet the public eyesentations of the principal animals in the by bimself.
royal menageries of London and Paris; Ir.OutraM'S “Sermons and Extracts,” translated from La Cepede, with consiare calculated to excite an interest both derable additions by the English editor. with the members of the church of Eng. The latter, in thirteen dialogues, is deland and those who have separated froin signed to afford some fundamental ideas her. The first of the former is a visita. of botanical science. In forming it tion sermon, “ On the Increase of Sepa- much assistance has been derived froin farists;" the second was preached on
" Rousseau's Letters on Botany," and laying the foundation-stone of Downing the “Scudies of Nature." College. The Extracts are "illus- Dr. Reeve's “ Essuy on the Torpidily trative of the Opinions, Pretensions, and of Animals,” though amusing, contains Designs, of those who have of lale, either little of new investigation. wholly or in part, deserted the Esta- MEDICINE, SURGERY, &c. blished Church, made chiefly from the In announcing the fourth edition of . Writings of Arminian and Calvinistic Dr. Willich's “ Lectures on Diet and Methodists;" in no less than thirty-one Regimen,” in our Retrospect,we conceive sections.
ourselves to be recommending one of the Among the single sermons,
best treatises on the subject of health Mr. WALKER’S, “The Sunday after the which has appeared of late years. Funeral of Bishop Strachan," preached in Mr. Coopzr’s “Dictionary of Practical the episcopal chapel at Dundee, is Surgery," is in fact a system in which the peculiarly intiiled to our notice. He various topics treated of are arranged in enters at large in it, into the various alphabetical order. His styie is clear, sortunes of the episcopal church of Scot and he has compiled his work with judyland since the revolution u! 1633. ment, from the best authors.
Retrospect of Domestic Literature-Voyages, &c. Nor can we withhold our praise from Lempfield, Letherhead, Lingfield, Morsthe “ Anatomico-Chirurgical Views of the thai, Mickiehum, Micham, West Mole. Nose, Mouth, Larynx, and Fauces, with sey, Morden, Nexdegate, Nutfield, Ockoppropriate Explanations and Referen- ley, Orted, Pepperharrow, Puttenham, ces," by Mr. Watt. They convey a clear Sandersted, Staliord, Stoke Dater, and accurate idea of the shape, extent, Sutton, Tandridge, Taite-field, Churslev, and connexions, of the difierent cavities Titsey, Waldmtiam, Multon on the they represent; and are accompanied Hill, Walton upon Thaines, Warling. with an additional "Anatomical Descrip- ham, Weybridge, Witley, Wouersii, tion of the Parts,” by Mr. LAW PENCE. Woodmansterne, and Wotton.
The anniversary “Hurveian Oration," Mr. Carlisle's “ 'Topographical Die delivered in Latin by Dr. Siebenden, tionery of Ireland," is executed upon the at the College of Physicians, October 18, same plan as the author's two former 1809, bas been since printed, and tullý voluines of “The Topography of Engine justifies the bigh character which was land." Prefixed is a list of the inost 10given of it al the time by his auditors. portant topograjínical and historical books The finest passage is probably that which which he consulted; with an abstract of contains the apostrophe to his father's the EcclesiasticalEstablishment of Ireland memory. The whole is in a strain of in 1807, and a glossary or explanation of pore and elegant launity.
some of those Irish words which mest Under the head of
frequently occur in composition with ibe VOYAGES AND TRAVELS,
names of places. The account of Killet have but two works of primary derry may serve as a specimen of the importance to notice. Mr. LAMBERT manner in which the generality of the has published his “ Trucels through Lower better sort of towns are described. Canada, and the United States of North “Killaderry, coinmonly called PbilipsAmerica, in the years 1806, 1807, and town, in the barony of Philipstown, 1603 ; .to which are added, Biographical King's County, and province of Leinster; Notices of some of the louding Churuc- a R. and V.,' the rectory being valued ters in the United Siates, and of those in the king's boubs at 181. sterling, and who have, at various Perious, borne a the vicarage a: 91.; a church by no means conspicuous Purt in the Politics of thut in good repair: no plebe house, or giebe Country.” In three volumes octavo. land. William Ouid, D. D. the vicar,
Dr. E. D. CLARKE has published bis (in 1806), who has cure of souls, is re" Travels through Russia, the Territories sident at Pilipstown, where the church of the Don Cossacks, Cuban Turtury, the stands, and performs the duties in person, Crimea," &c.
Killaderry is in the diocese of hudare, The latter will form an extended ar- and province of Dublin. lus 38 miles ticle in our nexi Supplement.
S. W. froin Dublin. Accordmg to the TOPOGRAPHY AND ANTIQUITIES. ecclesiastical report, this parish, bums The most valuable and ihe largest work called Philipstown, is the shure-town of we have to notice in this class, is the se- the King's Couniy; and the benefice, cond volume of “ The History ond Anti- extremely poor at present, oughe, if prasa quilies of the County of Surrey, compiled sible, to be largely augmented. It has by ihe lare kev. OWEN MANNING, S.T.B. six post days in the week. The fairs are cilargelt und continued to the present holden on the 28th of March, 220d ut Time, liy Hillltu Buay, of Shire, esq." June, and 30 of December. It was so It comprises the following parishes, named from King Philip, busband lu though we arranged in the alphabetical Mary queen of England, who made forme in which, for convenience sake, this part of the country shire.ground in we shall here dispose them. Abinger, 1.157. It gives title of Barou to the ta. Addington, Albury, Aitold or swtold, mily of Molesworth. The castle, which Ashtec, Banisted, Beddington, Beich- is now in rujus, was built by the Bele worth, Biechingley, Great Bookbam, linghams." Little Boohhan, Bramley, Buckland, Nor have we less pleasure in describe Burstow, Carshaltun, Caterham or han ing tlie seventh, than we had in mere terham, Chaldon, Charlewood, Cheam, tioning the former volumes of the "Ånii. Chelshian, Chesingdon, Chilworth, quurion and Topographicul Cabinel." The Chipsted, Cobham, Compron, Coulsdon, more beautiful subjects among the fifty Croydon, Crowharsi, Cudulington, Denis- plaies which adorn it will probably be fold, I'tingham, Epsom, Ester, Farley, found in the west front of Cowdry House, Gacion, Godstone, llaumbledon, las- Sussts; in Cowling Castle, Kent; m the comb, Hedley, llo.ley, Ilorne, Leigti, iuterior ul Canon Peon Church, Jlere.