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is, k** from 08. to 13s. 9d. accordi.. to colour; cochineal, from 6s. to 8s.; opium, from 11. 6s. to Coll chests were sold at prices, from 33. 31. to 12s. 11d. per Ib. The duties to be paid for home. el last month, since which tiine the greater part of the cargoes has been landed.
7. Dette blished at Milford-Haven, where the keels of John Rees, in his 110th year. This man Ten, kot two 74-gun ships are already laid. Two was crippled in one of his legs in bis infancy,
floating.cocks are building on the Hubberand always (till he was bed-ridden about five Doma stone side of Miltord.
years ago) used crutches.
About eight Marrieit.) At Bangor, tle Rev. James years since, while thatching his little hut, TodasHenry Cotton, LL.B recor of Derwen, in he tell off the ladder, and broke the bone of
the county of Denbigh, and precentor of the the lame leg, which was completely healed By cathedral, co Mary Ann; second daughter of in a very short time to the astonishnint of the Bisliop of that diocese
all who knew him. He was attended by his
in bed, observing to her, that " very likely
MONTHLY COMMERCIAL REPORT.
little better than empry; and that the feet which is announced as being on its way home,
Bohea lea, is. 10d. to 2e. 50. ; sirglo aod twankay, 3s. 7d. to 3s. 11d'; congos, 3 Ss. 3d. tu 3s. 10d.; souchong, 3s. Id. to 4s. 8d.; pekoe, 4s. 20. to 45.61.; hyson, sundry
qualities, 3s. 7d. to šs. 9d. and upwards ; campoi, gs. Od. to 3s. 11d. per 1b. That wretched
being absolutely wanting in the important qualities of succulency and sweetness, is a mere IF drug. The prices quoted, vary from 31. 17s. to 41. 155. per cwt. but we believe few siles
are inade at the latter práce. Silk is rather scarce; of China three moss small, there is nose
At the late indigo sale of the company, which lasted five days, 2451
WEST INDIES - The Jamaica fleet safely arrived in our ports about the middle of the to be obliged to sctie that the articles which the fleet brings hone, came to a very indifferent market; nay even prior to its arrival we were completely wrutted with West India gouds. The papers by the last Jamaica mail mention the safe arrival of the outward-bound fleet on che last day of February. The demand for sugar is rather abated since our last report; aod what has been brought to public sale, went off without spirit at a small reduction in prices, of middling and good qualities. Antigua, Barbadoes, Dominica, Gienada, Montserrat, To. bago, and Tortola, fetch from 31. 145. Co 41. 55. ; Jamaica, from Sl. 135. $0 41.65.; and St. Lucia, Demerara, Trinidad, and Surinam, from 31. 133. to about guiseas. Runa is in Jegular en quiry, and it being very scarce, parcels of goud Havour command hanisome prices. This is particularly the case in the Liverpool market. Canmar Leewards are dull. 'The Farket prices at London are, for Jamaica, trom 45. 4t. to 6s. 4d.; and for Leeward Islands, frum 3s. 84. 10 45. 4d. per gallon. Coffee continuos much neglected; the prices quoted vary from 31. 109. to 61. 10s. per cwt the former being the lowest price of ordinary, and the la'cer the higliest of fore coffee. Ja naica logw'aod goes off pretty regularly. The chipt ferches from 371. to 381. 10s per ton ; of unchipe there is scarcely any in the market. Jamiica fustack, brings froin 201. 10s. to 20 guineas; and Cuba ditto, from 241. to 261. per ton. There is very little done in this article. The demand for cotton is rather limited.' Jamaica sells from 1s. 5d. to 1s 60.; Demerary, from 1s. 741. to 1s. 1091; Garbidues, from 1s. 73. co 13. 8441.; Bervice, frorn 13 84. to 15. 10.1.; and Surinam, fron 1s. 101. to 2s. per lo. As we have alluded to the public sales of West India sugar, it may not be unnecessary to present the minutes of the sale made by Mr. T. Kernble, within the last few days. On this occasion, 215 hogsheads, 20 ciences, and +3 barrels of Marcinico clayed sugar (for exportation) were disposet oi ar pricey from 40s. 62. to 62s. per cwe. The sales of corcon woul have not been unfavourable; Kymer and Co Jately disposed of 550 bags of Surinam at very fair prices, Daniels, tiom 15. 8d. to 25. 11. per Ib.
We are sorry
NORT# AMERICA. A considerable time has elapsed since we felt sub rustyna touching upon this head of our report, as we do at the present women Ez 12 wishes well to the colomercial interests of the nation, and whose heart i:0» inu cause of humanity, must surely rejoice on being told that the lale alarming daarsetetés existed between England and the United States, have at length been brought to an termination; and that the North American legi lacure, unsolicited by our Daily, L wisely abolished that non-intercouse act, which has too long milita' ed against the release of both countries. We cannot, indeer, find language suficiently strong to expresa i faction we experience in stating that the trade between North America and Great Brit233 once more thrown open to enterprizing merchants on either side of the Atlantic#' may long continue to flow in the channel of tranquility, uninterrupted by the foai petty animesity, is our most fervent prayer! It is calculated, that within one nata TA the removal of the restrictions on American commerce, upwards of one thousand the leave the United States for British ports, laden with wheat, four, cotton, tobacco, sc 5 trust that in our next it will be our pleasing duty to state that tbe manufacturen de United Kingdom feel the genial influence of this happy state of things. The intellige from North America has caused the holders of produce to come forward onde soort, 2013 withstanding the expectation of fresh importations, the demand for the commodiuk a pretty brisk already. The demand for fresh pot-ashes is particularly animaied. Oaresku prices are from 21. 10s. to 31. 19s. Pearl are also much enquired for; they tetch from 1. to 31. 10s, per cwt. The prices of other articles of American produce are as follows: Act land tobacco, 5d. to 16d. ; Virginia ditto, 6d. to 8£d.; Georgia cotton-wool, 14.412 23. 6d. per 1b. Tar, 11. lis. to 11. 178. per barrel. Pitch, from 13s. to 15s. 64. per lite Oak, 141. to 181.; disco plank, 111. 10s. to 151. Pine, 81. to 9 guineas; ditto 111. 10s. to 151. 10s. por last. Wax, 151. 155. to 141. 10s. per cwt. Turpen 19, S. 3 30s. per cwt. Linseed, 41. 55. to 4!. 105. per quarter. Carolina rice, 11. 6. to 11.10 L rosin, 10s. to 15s. per cwt.
SOUTH AMERICA.-Letters from Buenos Ayres of a recent date state that soli vessels were in the river Plate, which were prohibited from unlading in consequeace of 3 being provided with licenses from the mother cousitry. From what we can gather by reports of the captains and supercargoes lately returned thence, it were perhaps just *** that the 160 vessels returned home, or carried their cargoes to some other narket; face? account s'ates that Spanish America is perfectiy glutted with British merchandize. :* bappy to learn chat a treaty of con,merce has been arranged with the ministers of the Regent at Rio Janeiro. An abstract of this treaty shall appear so soon as it reaches hands. It is alsú known that a commercial treaty is at present begociating between RE. and the Prince Regent. Our English traders already hail this negociation as te pro of a renewal of our intercourse with Russia by an indireci channel of communication. ** has no material alteration taken place in the prices of South American commoditica sise last Report. Buenos Ayres rallow tetches from 31, 10s, 10 3. 11s. per cist.; dicto bits, ta 7d. to 1s. per Ib. Brozil indigo, 2s. od. to js. per lb.; ditto rice, 31. 55. to 11. 8. ET OK Nicaragua woud, from bol. to 331. per ton. Havannah sucar (white), from 3l. to S. and ditto (brown), tron 21. 55. to 21. 14s. per cwc. Brazil tobacco (roli), 79. to 8d., 13 (leaf), 5d. to 6d. per lb. Balsam capivi, 15. to 45. 40.; dico Peru, 93. to 9s. 44; & Tolu, 6s. to 6s. 6d. Jesuits' bark, quill 45. 6d. to 119. 20.; yellow, 5s. to 8s.; *** 16s. 6d. to 23s. 63. Brazil cotton wool, 25. 2 d. to s. 6d. per ib.
TURKEY.-The black sea is at length opened to the English trade; an event sticks likely to prove of very great commercial advantage to us. Box-wood is one of the saleable among the Turkish articles, it fetches from 151. to 201. per ton. Smyrna cate yarn, 25. 10d. to 4s. 1d. per ib. Rubarb, 14s. to a guinea ; opium, 11. 10$. to 335. 18* Ib. Black Smyrna raisiris, 2 guineas to $1.5s, and red ditto, from 5l. os. to SI. 10.
SPAIN.--The Spanish consul has issued a notice to all persons trading to be Sous colonies, setting forili, that as atiempts have lately been made to introduce spies and es** into those establishments, no Spaniard or foreigner shall be suffered to land therein, presenting authentic documents and passports, granted by the legitimate authorises mu* there. The supply of Spanish commodities in our markets is tolerably abundant, ES prices which they bear are certainly fair. Jordan almonds fetch from 191. to gol, Jus; ** jentia, fronu 5 guineas to 51. 15s.; and bitter, from 41. 155. Co 41. 18s. per cui. Cart barilla, 31. to 31. 4s. Belvedere raisins, 31. 10.00 41. ; bloom, 41. 55. in 61. 38.; and 1.** 21. 11s. to 21. 155. per cwt. Sherry wine, 711. to 1101.; Mountain, 671. to OUL FIS Calcavella, 901. to 1001. per pipe.
GERMANY.-We learn that the Frankfort fair, which is just terminated, extnicze a show of British manufactured goods, as at any period during our interrupted inter 113*** the continent of Europe. The articles, generally speaking, sold well. The prinum chasers were Dutchmen. Swiss cortons and muslins were in great demand, Sogies! Neulchatel uid business to the amount of six soillions of florins.
Current Prices of Shares in Docks, Navigable Canals, Water Works, Fire and Life Insurance,
MONTHLY BOTANICAL REPORT.
gracilis, the Chara minor caulibus et foliis tenuissimis of Vaillant. Dr. Smich acknow
in naked or unincrustated state. The doctor never shews his love of the science better
Avena planicu!mis, of Schrader's Flora Germanica, discovered in 1807 by Mr. George Donn,
Peucedanum Silaus. It is here observed that the seed of this species hardly having any border, it but inperfectly answers to the generic character. To us it appears that the whole natural order of imbella's requires a revision; many of the species, as now arranged, differ very much in the form of their fruit from one another in the same genus. The division which Linnæus adopted from Astedi according to the involucrum, general and partial, does not seem to us very favourable to a natural arrangement of the species under their proper genera, nur indeed is this part sufficiently constant in all to serve the purpose of a merely artificial divi. sion, without frequent liability to crror.
Juncus lamporarpus of Earari, one of the species which Linnæus confounded together undet his naine of urticulaitte, a name which Dr. Smith proposes to drop altogether, as it included not only thres distinct species indigenous to this conntry, but also one American. This is a Large kind of jointed rush with shining dark brown secd-vessels.
Juncus cbensiflorus; another jointed rusli, readily distinguished from the last from its pale coloured, more branched, and entangled panicles, and having the ultimate branches strongly reflexed. Mr. Davies has accurately distinguished these species and acutificrus in the tenth volume of the Linnxan Transactions. The latter has been before figured in English bolany, under the name of articularks.
Papaver senniferam; found on the banks of all the fen ditches in the low parts of Norfolk and Cambridgeshire, if the soil be sandy. This species is cultivated, not only as mentioned by Dr. Smith, for the sake of its halt-ripe capsules, an intusion of which proves a gentle opiate; but even opium of a good quality has been in this country collected from it, and it has been much recommended of late to be cultivated for the sake of the seeds, from which an oil is extracted not greatly inferior to olive oil.
Brassica Nassus ; rape or cole-seed, cultivated for the sake of the oil which is used particularly by the woul.combers. This plant is now so perfectly naturalized, that it is very compionly founo in a wild state, though supposed by Ray not to be indigenous.
Arundo Calamagrostis Misled by Linnæus's synonyme, Hudson and Withering applied the
hat nany young botanists may still have been puzzled about these plants. But as a good
Arundo stricta of Schrader, discovered in June 1807, by Mr. George Donn, in a Narsh
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Vimus suberosa. This, according to the late Mr. Crowe, was the origin of all tbe varieties the Dutch elm, but he was not aware of its being a native of Britain. It is easily tis. guished by the ewigs of a year old being covered with a fine kind of cork with deep fissures.
In the Botanical Magazine for April, May, and June, we have in Mr. Gawler's depar-, Tritonia viridis, the Gladiolus viridis of the Hortus Kewensis, in wluich genus it was also at ranged by Mr. Gawler himself in the Annals of Botany. A new generie character is here given, and Mr. G. has added an enumeration of all the species, of which capensis and crispa, come the nearest to the present plant; but crocata, fenestrata, squalida, deusta, and arist, all nearly allied to one another, recede so far in their appearance from this, that *e can baraly think botanists in general will be content to arrange them under the same geaus.
Moræa angusta, a species nearly allied to tripetala, of which no figure has been before petlished; the present one was copied by permission of Sir Joseph Banks, from an originai drauing in his library; as was likewise the following, Aristea melaleuca, a singularly beauuial species.
Melanthium monopetalum. One of the Cape species which Thunberg separated from the natives of America, under the name of Wurmbea. But Mr. Gawler having united Melan. thium vérginicum to Helonias retains the original generic name for the African species.
Galaxia graminea. The fowers of this genus are so extremely fugacious, that Mr. Gawler has been driven to copy an original drawing in the Banksian collection, though tais plaut has flowered several times at Lee and Kennedy's.
Aponogeton distachyon. The narrow.leaved species of this singular genus of water plann having been before figured in the Botanical Magazine, and no coloured drawing having beca yet published of the present one, for what is given for it in the Botanists' Repository, is tbe angustifolium, we have here another copy from Sir Joseph Banks's original drawings, from which the difference between the twois so evident, that they will not probably be again confounded. To this article is added a correction of No. 1129, by which it would appear that Allium inodorum, fragrans of Ventenat, and gracile of Hortus Kewensis, are all the same. We imagine, contrary to what seems to be here supposed by Mr. Gawler, that the name of tendrem does not allude to the scentless flowers, but to the plant wanting the peculiar smell commen to the genus, as mentioned in the former article.
Morxa spicata and Moræa crispa, var. y. The first of these is nearly allied to M. cains, and like that is, in our opinion, a doubtful species, if the Cape Irises of other authors are to be included under the name of Moræa.
Ixia maculata var, ochsoleuca; a beautiful species, for we can hardly consider it as a variety of maculata, taking our ideas of the latter from the viridis and amerbyssina.
In Dr. Sims's department for the same months, are 'Teucrium orientale. First discovered by Tournefort in Armenia. Mr. Loddiges received his seeds from Siberia. There is no figure of this plant but that of Commelin. Nymphæa rulra; an East Indian species, requiring artificial heat to make it flower with
Couid it be naturalized to our climate, our ponds might be made to rival the partene, by mixing this, which has brigtit crimson flowers, with our elegant native waite waterlilies.
Gypsophila prostrata ; we hope Dr. Sims will soon publish the repens, for as these planta do not correspond with the Linda in specific characters, it is only by having good figures of Loth, that the ditliculties respecting thein can be settled.
Daphne pontica. This is another of Tournefort's discoveries during his voyage into the Levant.' being hardy and of fine rich laurel-like foliage, it is a valuable acquisition to our gardens, the more especially as will it grow in the shade, and under the dripping of Irtes
Ansromeda calyculita var. ventricosa. Dr. Sims has enumerated five varieties of this pretty little hardy early-slowering shrubs, native of Siberia.
Achillea Clavence, as Dr. Sinis has corrected the spelling. It is not ve believe gederally known that this name is derived from Nicholas Clavena, a Venetian apothecary, solo, atier Clusius, discovered it on Mount Serva, advertised it as a useful stomachic remedy, and 05tained a patent for the exclusive sale of a conserve made of it. Like most plants that naturally inhabit very elevated mountains, it is somewhat difficult to preserve.
Vaccinium resinosum, B. One of the prettiest of the North American whortle-berries.
Aspalathus carrosa A native of the Cape of Good Hope, and bere an inhabitant of the green-house during the winter months.
Camparula sbyrssidia. We think that Dr. Sims has started some difficulties respecting the distinction between this species and C. spicata, which he has not quite satisfactorily ra• movei.
Salvia amæni. No figure or botanical description appears to liave been before given of this sage, which is a stove shrub, native of the West Indies. There are several species natirs of South America, which bear great affinity with this, 1
Corp, pamet. Lachnæå eriscepbala. Native of the Cape.
Corchorus japonicus. The double-flowered variety. Native of China; a view and valuable des acquisition to our flowering shrubs. 104 FR Styphelia triflora. 'Nalive of New South Wales, near Port Jackson, and a handsome green.
kouse flowering shrub.
And springeth the wde nu."Old Bellad.
8th, 9th, 10th, 21st, and 22d. On the evenings of the 4ch, 5th, and 10th, it was northe
There were strong gales from the south-east on the 3d, 7th, 11th, and 14th; and from the south-west on the 21st.
During the greatest part of the month the weather has been dry; we had, however, some sain on the afternoons of the 7th, 9th, and 12th, and 14th. The 17th and 18th were rainy days; and in the night of the 20th some rain fell. The evenings and nights have been for the most part unscasonably cold.
May 1.' For the first time this year I heard the nightingale; but I am informed that these birds have been heard for several nights past. The swallows and martins are-bea ginning to build their nests.
The wood-strawberry (Fragaria vesca), jack-by-the-hedge (erysimum alliaria), louse-wort uts (pedicularis sylvatica), harebell (scilla nutans), dog violet (viola canina), cuckoo flower (car.
damine pratensis), plantain-leaved sandwort (arenaria trinervia), and thyme-leaved sand wort
May 3d. Atherines, or as they are called in Hampshire, Southampton smelts, are now
The salmon fishers have not hitherto been very successful; nor does it seem probable that the rivers of this neighbourhood can be well supplied with salmon, so long as nets are per. mitted to be hawled through the winter for the purpose of catching perch and pike. The Galmon spawn is by this means not only disturbed, but as I am informed, frequently dragged on shore by the nets. The construction of the wiers at the mills is also such, as oftentimes to prevent the salmon from passing up the rivers to spawn.
May 5th. Field crickets (grellus campestris) crink. This noise is produced by the males, and shrill and loud as it is, is made merely by the friction of one wing-case against the other. Each cricker has its own hole, the male separated even froin the female. These holes are generally first opened in the month of March; and the insects continue to be heard until about the middle of August.
May 6th. The sedge-warbler (motacilla salicaria), is arrived.
May 8th. The following herbaceous plants are in flower : male fool's orchis (orchis mascula), common bugle (ajuga reptans), netrle (urtica dioica), cow parsnip (beracleum spbondylium), sea arrow grass (irigiocbin maritimum), sea milkwort (glaux maritima), red campion (lychnis dicica), heath seg (Carex recurva), and yellow seg (carex flava).
May 15 h. The hawthorn is in flower.
May 16th. The caterpillars of the six-spot Burnet moth (sphinx filipendula of Linnæus), *
The ily-catchers (muscicapa grisola), are arrived.
May 2?d. Cock.chafers (scarubeus meioloniba) are less numerous this year than I recollect
May 23d. The long- horned bee (upis lorgicornis) appears. These bees form a cylindrica! kind of nidus, in which the female, about the beginning of July, deposits her eggs.
A river crout has been caught with a rod and line which weighed nins pounds, and, in its its whole length, measured somewhat more than twenty-seven inches.
The mackrel fishermen have begun to hawi their Seinc afts on the sea-shore for these fishy but they have not bitherto been successiul,