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blished at Milford-Haven, where the keels of John Rees, in his 110th year. This man two 74-gun ships are already laid. Two was crippled in one of his legs in bis infancy, Floating-docks are building on the Hubber- and always (till he was bed-ridden about five stone side of Milford.

years ago) used crutches.

About eight Married.} Ac Bangor, the Rev. James years since, while thatchiag his little hut, Henry Cotton, LL.B. rector of Derwen, in he fell off the ladder, and broke the bone of the county of Denbigh, and precentor of the the lame ley, which was completely healed cathedral, to Mary Ann; second daughter of in a very short time to the astonishment of dhe Bishop of that diocese.

all who knew him. He was attended by his Died.) At Nankeron, North Wales, Miss own daughter, whom he desired a few Edwards, daughter of the late Capt. E. of the minutes before his dissolution to turn him Royal Navy.

in bed, observing to her, that "o very likely Ai Carmarthen, Lieut. Hungerford, R. N. this will be the last time:” after he was At his house, near the sea-shore, Llanelly, Curned, he expired without a groan.

MONTHLY COMMERCIAL REPORT. EAST INDIES —Report states that the India company's warelouses are, for the most part,

little better than emply; and that the ficet which is announced as heing on its way home, is therefore looked for wita unusual earnestness. We know not upon what authority this report is founded, but certain we are chat whatever may be the dearth of East India goods in our markets, they do not appear to be either in great demand or high estimation. The following quocationis of the prices of the day will fully demonstrate the correctness of the latter assertion, Bohea tea, 1s. 10d. to 2. 5d.; sin glo and twankay, 3s. 7d. to 3$. 11d'; congou, Ss. Sd. to 3s. 10d. ; souchong, 3s. 9d. to 4s. 8d. ; pekoe, 4s. 9d. to 45.63.; hyson, sundry qualities, 3s. 7d. to 5s. 9d. and upwards ; campoi, Os. 6d. to 3s. 11d. per Ib. That wretched article East India sugar, which can be considered little better ihan a ten table ornament, being absolutely wanting in the important qualities of succulency and sweetness, is a mere drog. The prices quoted, vary from 31. 17s. to 41. 155. per cwt. but we believe few sales are made at the latter price. Silk is rather scarce ; of China three moss small, there is nese in the market; the six moss fetches from 40s. tu 445.; the Bengal sm. sk. from 243. to 438.; the Nori from 30s to 448.; and the organzine, from 43$. to 60s. Cotton is in tolerable demand; it selis from 1s. 3d. tu 15. 6d. per 1b. Rice has lately experienced a rise; the prices of the article vary from a guinea ro 265.; those of saltpetre (rough), from 31. 10. to 31. 18s.; and of ginger, from 31. 155. to 41. 68. per cwt. Hemp, 621. 60 721. per con. Indigo, from ts. to 13s. Id. according to colour; cochineal, from 6s. to 8s.; opium, from 11. 6s. to 11. 8s.; Janubee and Billaparam pepper, from 11d. to 1114.; and turmerick, from 81. 19 101. 15s, per 1b. At the late indigo sale of the company, which lasted five days, 2451 chests were sold at prices, from ss. 34. 10 12s. 11d. per Ib. The duties to be paid for home. consumption.

WEST INDIES. -The Jamaica fleet safely arrived in our ports about the middle of the last month, since which time the greater part of the cargoes has been landed. We are sorry to be obliged to state that the articles which the feet brings hotne, came to a very indifferent market; day even prior to its arrival we were completely wducted with West India gouds. The papers by the last Jamaica mail mention the safe arrival of the outward-bound feet or che lasë day of February. The demand for sugar is rather abated since our list report; and what has been brought to public sale, went off without spirit at a small reduction in prices, of middling and good qualities. Antigua, Babadoes, Dominica, Grenada, Montserrat, Tobago, and Tortola, fetch from 31. 145. to 41. 55.; Jamaica, from Sl. 135. $0 41. 6s.; and St. Lucia, Demerara, Trinidad, and Surinam, from 3!. 133. to about 4 guineas. Rum is in Jegular enquiry, and it being very scarce, parcels of goud flavour command handsome prices. This is particularly the case in the Liverpool market. Canmar Leewards are dull. "The farket prices at London are, for Jamuica, from 45. 43. to 6s. 4d.; and for Leeward Islands, from 3s. 8d. to 45. 4d. per gallo:. Coffee continues much neglected; the prices quotand vary from 31. 109. to 61. 103. per cwe the former being the lowest price of ordinary, and che later the nighest of fine coffee. Ja naica logwood goes off pretty regularly. The chipt fetches from 371. to 381. 10s per ton ; of unchip there is scarcely any in the market.

Jamaica fuscak, brings from 201. 10s. to 20 guincas; and Cuba ditto, from 241. to 201. per ton. There is very little done in this article. The demand for cotton is rather limited. Jamica sells from 1s. 5d. to 1s. 60.; Demerary, from 1s. 7{j. to 15. 1011 ; Barbidoes, from 19.74. in 1s. 844.; Bervice, from 18 8.1.10 15. 103. ; and Surinam, fro.n 1s. 101 to 25. per lb. As we have alluded to the public sales of West India sugar, it may not be unnecessary to present the ininutes of the sale made by Mr. 7. Kernble, within the last few days. On this occasion, 245 hogsheads, 20 tierces, and 43 tarrels of Martinico clayed sugar (for exportation) were disposet of ar prices from 40s. 61. to 62s. per cwt. The sales of corton wool have not been unfavourabie; Kymer and Co Jately disposed of 550 bags of Surinam at very fair prices, Dasols, fiom 1s. 30. 60 25. 1. per Ib.

NORTE

616
Morthly Commercial Report.

[July 1, NORTH AMERICA. A considerable time has elapsed since we felt such real casare in touching upon this bead of our report, as we do at the present momen: Carica wishes well to the cornmeicial interests of the nation, and whose heart isclin at the cause of humanity, musi gurely rejoice on being told tbat ibe late alarming difterepres which existed between England and the United States, have at length been brought to an amicable termination, and that the North American legi lature, unsolicited by our ministry, h.:: wisely abolished that non-intercouse act, which has too long milita ed against the weti-bcing of both countries. We cannot, indeer, find language sufficiently strong to express the satisfaction we experience in stating that the trade between North America and Great Britais is once more thrown open to enterprizing merchants on either side of the Atlantic. Tha may lung continue to flow in the channel of tranquility, unincerrupted by the foul sales ar petty animosity, is our most fervent prayer! It is calculated, that within one months after the removal of the restrictions on American commerce, upwards of one thousand ressels wiir leave the United States for British ports, laden with wheat, four, cotton, tobacco, soc. Ws trust that in our next it will be our pleasing duty to state that the manufacturers of th: United Kingdom feel the genial influence of this happy state of things. The intelligence from North America has caused the holders of produce to come forward once more, and dot. withstanding the expectation of fresh importations, the demand for the commodities is become pretty brisk already. The demand for fresh pot-ashes is particularly animated. Our mulct prices are from 21. 10s. to 31. 19s. Pearl are also much enquired for; they tetch from 91.145 to 31. 105. per cwt. The prices of other articles of American produce are as follows: Marte land tobacco, 5d. to 16d. į Virginia ditto, 6d. to 8 d.; Georgia cotton-wool, 13. 41. ta 79. 6d. per 15. Far, 11. 14s. to 11. 17s. per barrel. Pitch, from 13s. to 13s. 6d. per evt. Oak, 141. to 181.; dito plank, 11l. 10s. to 151. Pine, 81. to 9 guineas; disto plinky 111. 10s. 10 151. 10s, per last. Wax, 151. 155. to 141. 10s. per cwt. Turpentine, sesso SOs. per cut. Linseed, 41. 55. to 4). 10s. per quarter. Carolina rice, 11. 6s. to 11. 108. zi ronin, 10s. to 15s. per cwt.

SOUTH AMERICA.-Leiters from Buenos Ayres of a recent date state that nearly 150 vessels were in the river Plate, which were prohibited from unlading in consequence of a being provided with licenses from tlie mother country. From what we can gather by the reports of the captains and supercargoes lately returned thence, it were perhaps just as well that the 160 vessels returned home, or carried their cargoes to some other market; for every account s'ates that Spanish America is perfectly glutted with British merchandize. We are bappy to learn that a treaty of conimerce has been arranged with the ministers of the Prince Regent at Rio Janeiro. "An abstract of this treaty shall appear so soon as it reaches uus bands. It is also known that a commercial treat is at pres negociating between Roma and the Prince Regent. Our English traders already hail this negociation as the prognostis of a renewal of our intercourse with Russia by an indirect channel of communication. There has no material alteration taken place in the prices of South American commodities since our Jast Report. Buenos Ayres allow tetches from 31, 10s. 10 3. 11s. per cut; dicto hides, from 7{d. to 1s. per lb. Brazil indigo, 2s. od. to is. per lo.; ditto rice, 11. 55. to 11. 8. per * Nicaragua wood, from bol. to 381. per con. Havannah sugar (white), from Sl. to Si. 10s ; and ditto (brown), tron 21. 55. to 21. 14s. per cwt. Brazil tobacco (roll), 70. to 8d.; dito (leaf), 5d. to 6d. per 1b. Balsam capivi, 4s, to 45. 40.; diuto Peru, 9s, to 98. 4d.; dit:a Tolu, 6s. to 6s. od. Jesuits' bark, quill ds. 64. to 118. Od.; yellow, 53. to 8s.; aad rad, 16s. 6d. to 255. 63. Brazii cotton wool, 25. d. tu ?s. 63. per ib.

TURKEY.-The black sea is at length opened to the English trade; an event which is likely to prove of very great conimercial advantage to us. Box-wood is one of the most saleable among the Turkish articles, it fetches from 151. ro 201. per ton. Smyrna cortas. yarn, 25. 10d. to 4s. 1d. per lb. Rhubarb, 145, to a guinea ; opium, 11. 10s. to 345. 63. per 3b. Black Smyrna raisins, guincas to 21.5$. and red ditto, from Sl. gs. to 31. 10s. per cwi.

SPAIN.-The Spanish consul has issued a notice to all persons trading to the Spanisdi colonies, selling foril, that as atrempts have lately been made to introduce spies and en kariss into those establishments, no Spaniaro or foreigner shall be sufiered to land therein, wiroa: presenting authentic documents and paysports, granted by the legitimale authorities resiceat there. The supply of Spanish commodities in our markets is tolerably abundant, asd the prices which they bear are certainly fair. Jordan almonds fetch from 191. to 201. 10s.; Va. Jentia, fronu 5 guineas to 51. 15s. ; and bitter, from 41. 155. 10 4). 18s. per cwc. Carthagena barilla, 3), to 31. 45. Belvedere raisins, 31. 10. to 41.; bloom, 41. 3s. to 61.55.; and Malaga, 21. 113. to 21. 155. per cwt. Sherry wine, ill. tu 1101.; Mountain, 67l. to Col. per te Calcavella, 901. to 1001. per pipe.

GERMANY.-We learn that the Frankfort fair, which is just terminated, exhibited as fine a show of British mannfactured goods, as at any period during our interrupted intercourse witá the continent of Europe. The articles, generally speaking, sold well.' The principai purchasers were Dutchmen. Swiss cottons and muslins were in great demand. Sone houses at Neulchatel uid business to the amount of six millions of Norins.

Current

Current Prices of Shares in Docks, Navigable Canals, Water Works, Fire and Life Insurance, &c. at the Office of Messrs. Wolfe and Co. No. 9, 'Change Alley, Corphill, 22d june, 1810 -Grand Junction Canal, 3101. per share. Wilts and Berks ditio, 591. ditto.-Kennet and Avon dicto, 471. ditto. Huddersfield disco, 401, ditto.--Lancaster dicto, 271, 10s. ditto ---Grand Surry disto, 771. ditto.-Croydon ditco, 4ol. ditto -Ellesmere ditto, 791. ditto — Rochdale ditto, 511. ditto.– Worcester and Birmingham, 81. per share premium.-Leeds and Liverpool ditto, 1901. per shart.-Grand Union, 101. per share, premium.-Leicestershire and Northamp. tonshire Union ditco, 1321. per sbare.-London Dock Stock, 13641. per cent.--West India dieto, 1761. dittu.--East India dillo, 1341. ditto.--Commercial ditto, 901. per share premium.

-East London Water Works, 2311. per share... West Middlesex uitto ( with the appropriation astached), 231. ditio.--South London ditto (with the appropriation attached), 1381. ditto. Kent ditto, 401. per share premium.- Manchester and Salford ditto, 2001. ditto.-Colchester ditto, 55;. dicto. -Portsmouth and Farlington, ditto, 241. dicto. Strand Bridge, 11. per share discount-Vauxiull ditto, 21. ditto.--Commercial Road, 401. per share preinium.

Great Dover-street ditto, 81. ditto. Globe Insurance Office, 1301. per share. Albion ditto, 601. ciuto. Imperial ditto, 801. ditto. -Rock ditto, 21s. per share premium.-Hope ditto, 5s. per share discount.-Eagle vitto, iOs.ditto.-Atlas dicco, par.

MONTILY BOTANICAL REPORT. THE phenogamic plants contained in English Bə'any for April May, and June; are Chara

gracilis, the Chara minor caulibus et foliis tenuissimis of Vaillant. Dr. Smith acknowledges that he mistakenly considered this plant, in his Flora Britannica, as the Chara vulgaris, in a naked or unincrustated state. The doctor never shews his love of the science better than when he thus readily confesses the errors which he may have fallen into, as indeed we ever observe him inclined to do.

Avena planicu!mis, of Schrader's Flora Germanica, discovered in 1807 by Mr. George Donn, on rocks upon the summits of the highest mountains of Clova, Angusshire.

Peucedanum Siluus. It is here observed that the seed of this species hardly having any border, it but in perfectly answers to the generic character. To us it appears that the whole natural order of umbella's requires a revision; many of the species, as now arranged, differ very much in the form of their fruit from one another in the same genus. The division which Linnæus adopted from Ascedi according to the involucrum, general and partial, does not seem to us very favourable to a natural arrangement of the species under their proper genera, nur indeed is this part sufficiently constant in all to serve the purpose of a merely artificial division, without frequent liability to crror.

Juncus lum tocarpus of Barari, one of the species which Linnæus confounded together under bis name of arvientais, a name which Dr. Smith proposes to drop altogether, as it included not only three distinct species indigenous to this cunntry, but also one American. This is a Large kind of jointed rush wizii shining dark brown seed-vesseis.

Juncus abexsi fioris; anocner jointed rusli, readily distinguished from the last from its pale coloured, more bianched, and entangled panicles, and having the ultimate branches strongly reflexed. Mr. Davies has accurately distinguished these species and acutijior:45 in the tenth volume of the Linnean Transactions. The latter has been before figuied in English bolany, under the name of arolculutus,

Papaver somniferum ; found on the banks of all the fen ditches in the low parts of Norfolk and Cambritistabire, if the soil be sandy. This species is cultivated, not only as muertioned by Dr. Smith, for the sake of its haif-ripe capsules, an infusion of which proves a gentle opiate; but even opium of a good qualicy has been in this country collected from it, and it has been much recommended of late to be cultivated for the sake of the seeds, from which an oil is extracted not greatly interior to olive oil.

Brassica Nassies; rape or cole-seed, cultivated for the sake of the oil which is used particularly by the woul.combers. This plant is now so perfectly naturalized, that it is very commonly found in a wild state, though supposed by Ray not to be indigenous,

Arundo Calamagrostis Misted by Linnæus's synonyme, Hudson and withering applied the name of Epigcios to this species; an error which has spread wide among English botanists. And although this mistike has been long ago set right, yet from a wrong ögure having been annexed to the description of A. Calamagrostis, at p. 403 of English Botany, it is supposed That many young bolanists may still have been puzzled about these plants. But as a good figure of the last mentio:ed species is now given, and also a new page of letter-press for pl. 403, she business is in a fair way of being at last settled satisfactorily.

Arundo stricta of Schrader, discovered in June 1807, by Mr. George Donn, in a marsh called the White Mire, a mile from Dorfar. It is, Dr. Smith observes, “ next akin to the foreign Agrostis arundiracea, which is likewise surely an Arundo, as Linnæus originally, and Schrader recently, has made it." MONTHLY MAG. No. 200,

4K

Ulmus

ment:

Vimus suberosa. This, according to the late Mr. Crowe, was the origin of all tbe varieties the Dutch elm, but he was not aware of its being a native of Britain. It is easily tis. guished by the ewigs of a year old being covered with a fine kind of cork with deep fissures.

In the Botanical Magazine for April, May, and June, we have in Mr. Gawler's depar-, Tritonia viridis, the Gladiolus viridis of the Hortus Kewensis, in wluich genus it was also at ranged by Mr. Gawler himself in the Annals of Botany. A new generie character is here given, and Mr. G. has added an enumeration of all the species, of which capensis and crispa, come the nearest to the present plant; but crocata, fenestrata, squalida, deusta, and arist, all nearly allied to one another, recede so far in their appearance from this, that *e can baraly think botanists in general will be content to arrange them under the same geaus.

Moræa angusta, a species nearly allied to tripetala, of which no figure has been before petlished; the present one was copied by permission of Sir Joseph Banks, from an originai drauing in his library; as was likewise the following, Aristea melaleuca, a singularly beauuial species.

Aloe rhodacantba.

Melanthium monopetalum. One of the Cape species which Thunberg separated from the natives of America, under the name of Wurmbea. But Mr. Gawler having united Melan. thium vérginicum to Helonias retains the original generic name for the African species.

Galaxia graminea. The fowers of this genus are so extremely fugacious, that Mr. Gawler has been driven to copy an original drawing in the Banksian collection, though tais plaut has flowered several times at Lee and Kennedy's.

Aponogeton distachyon. The narrow.leaved species of this singular genus of water plann having been before figured in the Botanical Magazine, and no coloured drawing having beca yet published of the present one, for what is given for it in the Botanists' Repository, is tbe angustifolium, we have here another copy from Sir Joseph Banks's original drawings, from which the difference between the twois so evident, that they will not probably be again confounded. To this article is added a correction of No. 1129, by which it would appear that Allium inodorum, fragrans of Ventenat, and gracile of Hortus Kewensis, are all the same. We imagine, contrary to what seems to be here supposed by Mr. Gawler, that the name of tendrem does not allude to the scentless flowers, but to the plant wanting the peculiar smell commen to the genus, as mentioned in the former article.

Morxa spicata and Moræa crispa, var. y. The first of these is nearly allied to M. cains, and like that is, in our opinion, a doubtful species, if the Cape Irises of other authors are to be included under the name of Moræa.

Ixia maculata var, ochsoleuca; a beautiful species, for we can hardly consider it as a variety of maculata, taking our ideas of the latter from the viridis and amerbyssina.

In Dr. Sims's department for the same months, are 'Teucrium orientale. First discovered by Tournefort in Armenia. Mr. Loddiges received his seeds from Siberia. There is no figure of this plant but that of Commelin. Nymphæa rulra; an East Indian species, requiring artificial heat to make it flower with

Couid it be naturalized to our climate, our ponds might be made to rival the partene, by mixing this, which has brigtit crimson flowers, with our elegant native waite waterlilies.

Gypsophila prostrata ; we hope Dr. Sims will soon publish the repens, for as these planta do not correspond with the Linda in specific characters, it is only by having good figures of Loth, that the ditliculties respecting thein can be settled.

Daphne pontica. This is another of Tournefort's discoveries during his voyage into the Levant.' being hardy and of fine rich laurel-like foliage, it is a valuable acquisition to our gardens, the more especially as will it grow in the shade, and under the dripping of Irtes

Ansromeda calyculita var. ventricosa. Dr. Sims has enumerated five varieties of this pretty little hardy early-slowering shrubs, native of Siberia.

Achillea Clavence, as Dr. Sinis has corrected the spelling. It is not ve believe gederally known that this name is derived from Nicholas Clavena, a Venetian apothecary, solo, atier Clusius, discovered it on Mount Serva, advertised it as a useful stomachic remedy, and 05tained a patent for the exclusive sale of a conserve made of it. Like most plants that naturally inhabit very elevated mountains, it is somewhat difficult to preserve.

Vaccinium resinosum, B. One of the prettiest of the North American whortle-berries.

Aspalathus carrosa A native of the Cape of Good Hope, and bere an inhabitant of the green-house during the winter months.

Camparula sbyrssidia. We think that Dr. Sims has started some difficulties respecting the distinction between this species and C. spicata, which he has not quite satisfactorily ra• movei.

Salvia amæni. No figure or botanical description appears to liave been before given of this sage, which is a stove shrub, native of the West Indies. There are several species natirs of South America, which bear great affinity with this, 1

Labog

US.

Corchorus japonicus. The double-flowered variety. Native of China ; a new and valuable acquisition to our flowering shrubs.

Styphelia triflora. Native of New South Wales, near Port Jackson, apd a handsome greene house flowering shrub.

NATURALIST'S MONTHLY REPORT.

MAY.

Leafing Monib.
"Sumer is i-cumen in
Lhude sing cuccu.
Groweth seed,
And bloweth meed,

And springeth the wde nu."Old Ballad.
THE wind has been more or less easterly every day during the present month, except the

8th, 9th, 10th, 21st, and 22d. On the evenings of the 4ch, 5th, and 10th, it was northe west ; and ic varied from south-east to north-west, from the 15th to the 25th. From the

25th to the 31st it was generally easterly until towards the evening, when it sometimes * changed to west or south-west.

There were strong gales from the south-east on the 3d, 7th, 11th, and 14th ; and from the south-west on the 21st. . During the greatest part of the month the weather has been dry; we had, however, some sain on the afternoons of the 7th, 9th, and 12th, and 14th. The 17th and 18th were rainy days; and in the night of the 20th some rain fell. The evenings and nights have been for the most part unseasonably cold.

May 1.' For the first time chis year I heard the nightingale; but I am informed that: these birds have been heard for several nights past. The swallows and martins are ben ginning to build their nests.

The wood-strawberry (fragaria vesca), jack-by-the hedge (Erysimum alliaria), louse-wort (pedicularis sylvatica), harebell (scilla nutans), dog violet (viole canina), cuckoo power (care damine pratensis), plantain-leaved sandwort (arenaria trinervia), and thyme-leaved sandwurt (arcnaria serpyllifolia), are in flower.

May 3d. Atherines, or as they are called in Hampshire, Southampton smelts, are now caught on the sandy sea-shores in great abundance.

The salmon fishers have not bitherto been very successful; nor does it seem probable that the rivers of this neighbourhood can be well supplied with salmon, so long as nets are permitted to be hawled through the winter for the purpose catching perch and pike. The salmon spawn is by this means not only disturbed, but as I am informed, frequently dragged on shore by the nets. The construction of the wiers at the mills is also such, as ofteatimes to prevent the salmon from passing up the rivers to spawn.

May 5th. Field crickets (grellus campestris) crink. This noise is produced by the males, and shrill and loud as it is, is made merely by the friction of one wing-case against the other. Each cricket has its own hole, the male separated even froin the female. These holes are generally first opened in the month of March; and the insects continue to be heard untilabout the middle of August.

May 6ch. The sedge-warbler (motacilla salicaria), is arrived.

May 8th. The following herbaceous plants are in flower : male fool's orchis (orchis mascula), common bugle (ajuga reptans), nettle (urtica dioica), cow parsnip (beracleum sphondylium), sea arrow grass (origiocbin maritimum), sea milkwort (glaux maritima), red campion (lychnis dioica), heath seg (Carex recurva), ana yellow seg (carex flava).

May 15 h. The hawthorn is in flower.

May 16th. The Caterpillars of the six-spot Burnet moth (splinx slipendule of Linnæus), (zgupe filigendula of Haworth), beyin to spin (upon the stalks of rushes and grass (the yellow case in which they change into a chrysalid state. They continue in this state about torty days, when they break out from the shell in their perfect or image form.

The Hy.catchers (muscicapa grisola), are arrived.
Orange-tip butterflies (papil.o cardamines) fly about the roads and hedges.

May 22d. Cock.chafers (scarabeus inelolontha) are less numerous this year than I recollect them to have been for several years past.

May 23d. The long- horned bee (apis lorgicornis) appears. These bees form a cylindrical kind of nidus, in which the female, about the beginning of July, deposits her eggs.

A river trout has been caught with a rod and line which weighed nine pounds, and, in its its whole length, measured somewhat more than twenty-seven inches.

The mackrel fishermen have begun to hawl their Seine afts on the sea-shore for these fish, but they have not hitherto been successful,

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