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Literary and Philosophical Intelligence, (July 1, Warwickshire antiquaries, who have col- fully dried by filtering paper, cut a thir lected much original matter of local in- slice, divide it into as many pieces as terest and historic importance from va- can expeditiously be done, and introduce rious private repositores hitherto unex each piece into a small bottle, with us plored. The work will be comprised in much line as will surrown it. Lime three volumes folio; and, in addition to slakedi in the air, and submitted to a stong such of the original subjects as must ne- red heat in a black-lead crucible for cessarily be re-engraved, will be embel- twenty minutes, is in a good state fur lished with select views of the most in- the purpose. The burtie s ben full may teresting objects of architectural and an- be exposed, corked, to the radiant heat tiquarian curiosity in the county. of a fire, till some of the pieces of phase

Mr. Turner, of the Middle Temple, phorus have assumed an oranye tint. It is preparing a new work on Conveyan. will then be ready for inmediate use. cing, to consist of a collection of mudern. But the beating is not necessary, if the precedents, with notes and illustrations; bottle is not wanted for immediate os, and a practical introduction on the lan- and it will continue longer in a service guage and structure of Conveyances. able state. In using the bottle the monita

Mr. Josepu Jarpur has nearly ready should be closed as soon as the sath for publication, an Essay on the Princi- is withdrawn. Bottles thus prepared ples of Philosophical Criticism, applied continue serviceable four or five moaths, to poetry:

though very frequently used. A third and last volume of the Temple Mr. YEATES has been for some time of Truth, under the title of Additional employed in collating the manuscripts Studies, is in the press.

brought from India to England by the The Travels of Mirza Abu Taleb Khan, Rev. Dr. Buchanan, and presented by commonly called the Persian Prince, in him to the University of Cambridge. Asia, Africa, and Europe, during the From the account giren of thein by Mr. years 1799, 1800, 1801, and 1802, writ. Yeates, the following particidars are ten by himself in the Persian language, exiracted :-These manuscripts and translated by CHARLES STEWART, chiefly biblical, and are written in the esq. are preparing for publication. Hebrew, Syriac, and Ethiopic, languages:

The History of Lincoln, with an Ap- the Hebrew manuscripts were obtained pendix, containing a list of the members from the black Jews, who have had returned to serve in parliament, will settlements in India from time iromeno. speedily be published in a duodeciino rial. These Jews differ in many respects voluine.

from those of other countries, and bear Mr. Tox has in the press, a work on evident marks of being descendants from $cripture Geography, containing a de- those ancient dispersions we read of in scription of the most distinguished coun. sacred history. They call theiaselves tries and places noticed in the Holy Bene Israel; they have the llebrew Scripture, with a brief account of the Pentateuch, but scarcely know of ang most remarkable historical events con- other books of Scripture. A copy of the nected with the sulject, intended to fa. Hebrew Periateuch, written on guat. cilitate the study of the sacred writings. skins, and found in one of their syna

A new edition of Bishop Earle's Mi- gogues, is in the Buchanan coliection. crocosmography, is in the press. This The Syriac manuscripts were collected curious and entertaining volume from the Syrian Christians in Travancore originally printed in 1628, and contains and Malayala, where a race of Christiat 5 a variety of illusions illustrative of the bad existed ever since the apostolic manners ofihat age.

times: and the native Indian claristians The Norri:lan prize in the University bear the name of Christians of St. of Cambridye, is this year ajudged to Thomas to this day. They have the HENRY JEREMY, B. A of Trinity Col. Bible, and other books, wat in our canon, lege, for his Essay on the Connection of extant in the Syriac language ; and theirs Learning and Religion

is perhaps the purest of all the versions By an accurate calculation, it appears of Scripture now known. There is in thui, in the course of the last year, Great Dr. Buchanan's collection, a copy of the Britain producerl 600,000 packs of wool, Bible, containing the books of the Oid each weiuning 2101us.

and New Testainent, with the Apocry. A co.espondent gives the following pla, written on large folio velluin, and in improved method of preparing pliospho- ile ancient or Estrangelo character, and d'us bottles. The pilosphorus being care which was a present to the doctor trag



1. Mar Dionysius, the archbishop of the able so to affect the electricity of the

Indian church. But though all these clouds as to produce the same effects as MSS. were brought froin India, some Nature produces from the action of moun, were written at Antioch, in Mesopo- tains and the points of trees, leaves, tamia, and in other parts of Syria, Asia, and vegetables; and he submitted the and Africa. The Hebrew Pentateuch idea to the notice and adoption of paalready mentioned, being probably one triotic, and philosophical governments, of the oldest MSS. extant, is a curiosity The idea of regulating the weather may, of the highe-t value and importance. It is on a superficial view, appear to be a very written upon a roll of goat-skins, dyed bold one; but when it is considered red, and was found in the record-chest of that man triumphs over the seasons, a synagogue of the black Jews, in the and subjects Nature in many other interior of Malayala, in 1806. It mea respects to his rule, an artificial means sures in length forty-eight feet, and in of affecting the clouds ought not to be breadth about twenty-two inches, or a considered as impossible; and the noJewish cubit. The book of Leviticus, tion deserves to be re-considered on acand most parts of Deuteronomy, are count of the immense value and great in wanting. The original length of the roll portance of the objects in contemplation. was not less than ninety feet, as appears The following curious circumstance from calculation, and it is properly respecting the toad, is communicated by a Morocco, though now inuch faded. In correspondent to Nicholson's Journal: its present state, it consists of thirty- “A person,” says he, " in the neighbourseven skins, contains one hundred and hood of Maidstone, who manufactures serenteon columns of writing, perfectly brown paper, informed me, while I was clear and legible, and exhibits a noble observing his people at work, that he bad example of the inander and form of the frequently placed a toad amidst a pile of must ancient Hebrew manuscripts among sheets to be pressed, and always found it the Jews. The columns are a palm alive and well on taking it out, though it broad, and contain from forty-five to must have sustained with the paper x fifty lines each. Some of the skins pressure equivalent to several tous; but a appear more ancient than others, and it frog could never survive the same degrec is evident, from a bare inspection, that of pressure. I sought a long time for a chev were not all written at the same toad to see the experiment myself, but period, or by the same hand.

was unable to find one till after the men The Droueur:- About twenty years had left work." ago, Sue Richard Phillips published a Sir George MACKENZIE, accompanied dissertation, in which, arguing from the by Mir. Henry HOLLAND, and Mr. Rranalogy of Nature, he conceived it in the CHARD Bright of the University oi Edinpower of man to regulate the weather to buryh, has sailed from Leith for Siroinness,

Nature, he remarked, whence they proceed to Iceland, in a provides high mountains and the innu- vessel from London. The object of this jerable spiculæ of leaves and grass, as arduous undertaking, is to explore a part means by which the electricity of the of that inbospitable country, which atmosphere and the clouds is regu. nevertheless, in the circumscribed state lated. Droughes arise when these, trom of our commerce, is well worth the attenau accidental absence of rain or mois. tion of Great Britain. In return for our ture, cease to be good conductors, and coarse fabrics, we might procure from it a ramy season is a consequence of these such articles as Iceland, with proper mabecoming too powerful as conductors. nagement, would yield in great pleuty, llence mountains, trees, and vegetation, such as fish, oil, leathers, and sulphur, the increase the quantity of rain in all coun: scarcity of which last article is such as tries, and the canse and effect alternately to have already attracted the notice of interchange. Hence too the immutable parliament. sterilily vi certain districts of Africa and At a late meeting of the Society of Asia; and hence likewise the changes Arts, a premiuin of fifty guineas was which have been oliserved to take place awarded to Mr. John Davis, of Johnin the fertility of countries. All the pe- street, Spitalfields, for a highly ingenious culiar phenomena of Peru, and other fire-escape, which promises to be of countries, may also be referred to the great utility in decreasing the number of

The practical deciuction personal accidents which are so frewhich Sir Richard Phillips made from quently occurring in cases of fire. This this reasoning was, that man, by means contrivance consists of a curious yet of very high metallic conductors, may be simply-constructed ladder, or rather

certain extenis.


Sime causes.


Literary and Philosophical Intelligence.

[July 1,

The process

three ladders, so combined as to admit

SWEDEN. of their being slid ont, like the tubes of a FAHLUN has lately witnessed an ind. pocket telescope, to the height of from dent which partakes of the romantic. forty to fifty fect, if required; carrying "p, In openiny a communication hitiseen at the same time, a box to receive two nines, the corpse of a miner was females or children, or small valuables, found in complete preservation, and in a while the less timid can descend the lad. sofi state, being impregnated with ite der. This box, by means of a chain and vitriolic water of the mine.

When pulley, worked hy the people below, exposed to the open air, it became sett, descends to the ground, where being The features were not recognized by aar instantly unhooked, another box is sent person present, but tradition had preup while the first is einptying. All this served the recullection of the accident be is performed in about two minutes. This which he had been entombed me than apparatus is erected on a carriage with haif a century azo. All farther enquiry four wheels, nine feet long and five wiile, was dropper, when suddenly a decrcond furnished with the usual apparatus and old woman advanced upon erriches, a: harness for yoking a horse in it, for the discovered that the deceased was a young more specily removal to the scene of man to whom she had been engaged by danger,

promise of marriage fifty years behe. Mr.KNIGHT, in his Report of the Trans. She threw herself on the body of tact actions of the Horticultural Society, men- lover, and bedewed it with teais, at the tions an improved method of cultivating same time thanking, fleaven for dating the alpine strawberry.

once inore granted her a sight of the consists of sowing the seed on a mode- object of her affection before she de rale hot-bed, in the beginning of April, scended to the grave. The contrast and removing the plants, as soon as they between tirese persons, one of whom hadd have acquired sufficient strength, to herts been so long huried and yet retained the in the open ground. They will begin to features of youth, while the other was blossom after Midsummer, and afford an bowed down by the weight o years, abundant late autumnal crop. Mr. K. Inay be more easily conceived than thinks, that this strawberry ought always described. to be treated as an annual plant.

GERMANY, Mr, de Luc has invented a machine An officer in the Bavarian service, which he denominates the Electric who had made a variety of experintenta Coluinn, and which, by some of our na- to ascertain the ingredients used in the tural philosophers, is considered the most composition of the Greek fire, whila important discovery in the science of recently enynged at Munich in an analy. electricity since that of the Voltaic pile sis for that purpose, was, by the explota He is preparing an account of it for sion of the article he was decomposing, publication.

propelled through the window, with lo RUSSIA.

arms torn off, and bis face so dreadfully The cranium of a horned animal, the burnt, that fie expired a few minutes after race of which seems to be extincr, has being taken up. been recently dug up near Minava. The following account of the present From the description given of this part state of the universities, and other of ihe skeleton, the animal must have seminaries of education in the new king hee! at least ten or twelve feet long. dom of Westphalia, has been published: The horns, which are attached to the head The universities of Halle, Gottingen, and have partly passed into a fossil state, Helmstadt, Marburg, and Rinteln, cons far exceed in size those of the oxen of tai 1907 s!udents. There are besides the present day. They are a foot and a in the kingdom 52 gymnasia or classical half in circumference at the root, and schools, at which are educated 6851 chil. two feet and a half long. It was hoped dien. The inferior schools, at which are that the entire skeleton wouid be reco- taught reading, writing, and arithmetic, vered; but on further search, ino teeth amount 10 3600, and are attended to only were foundt. Foreign naturalists are 253,338 children of both sexes. In each of opinion, that this head must have of the two cities of Brunswick and belonged to the race of Urus or Aurochs, Magdebury, there are thirty-five pubic Thentioned by Cæsar in lois Commenta. institutions for every branch of educa. ries, and which some even suppose still tion, besides private seminaries. In the to exist in the mountains of Siberia and public schools, the bours of teaching are in the forests of Poland.


50 arrangerl, that the children who attend colony are more or less damaged. In them are generally able to earn their every part of the settlement the shocks livelihood in the intervals. On a mode- have been experienced, in some slightly, rate computation, there is a teacher for in others in a more violent degree. Salt every try children throughout the water bas been thrown up in places at kingdom.

the distance of ihree or four miles froin

the sea, without leaving any appearance The archives of the different states of springs or openings in the soil. In brought from Ratisbon, Rome, and Vin other parts, where ue soil is black, as low enina, lo Paris, are to be deposited in a

dow! as

our wells have been dug, new building erected on purpose for them, several spots of wbite sand, about six to be called the Palace of the Archives feet in diameter, and generally of a of the Empire. The arrangement will circular formi, bare been thrown up, include three divisions, French, Gernian, evidently in union with water, which and ltalian. All the papel archises, in- iminediately subsidet. Springs of water eluding the different documents relative have also burst out in many parts of the 80 the donations of Constantine and colony where there never

were any other emperors, are not on their way before. A waggon, which came into from Revie to Rheinis.

Cape Town two days ago, sunk to the The repairs of the church of St. Gen top of the wheels in a quicksand, which nevieve, lately the Pantheon, are conti- is thrown up in the middle of a road that nued with activity. The paiement of was beiore as hard as a rock. If these black and white marblo, in compartments, are the only effects that will be produced is hegt!). The repairs and embellish. by such subterraneous convulsions, we ments of the subterraneous church, lese have great reason to le satisfied with the tined to the interment of eminent men, result, since our c’imate appears to have will soon be completcri. At the c!:trance been greatly ameliorated by them. of this vault are the tons of Roucau Ever smce the first shocks, we have and Voltaire. The towers of this churuti, expericnced cool pleasant wcather, and which, during the revolution, were alınost have been free from those violent entirely ricinolished, will be rebuilt as winds, which at this season of the speedily as possible.

year, usually prevailed three days out of ITALY.

During the last month, which is LUCIEN BONAPAR.'' E, who posceserca our Midsummer, the ibermometer has fitic villa in the vicinity of Rome, and de- seldom been higher than 720. and the votes his attention to the arts ainsrier- barometer has varied between 29.30 and Ces, has recents made some valuable di 30:15, Oar smter passed with only one coveries. Several houses belongins to the storm of thunder and lightning, and that ancient Tusculum have been discovered, by no means violent. The first winter of in which have been found, besides various niy arrival (1308,) I believe we bad pieces of furniture, seven laric atues, thunder two or three times a week, for one of them a Muse of singn'ar beants. tive weeks successirely. If, as some The Roman antiguries estimate this philosopliers assert, electricity be the treasure at 22,000 ris dollars.

cause of earthquakes, may it not also

account for the absence of thunder and In addition to the circumstances al- lightning, -hich we have experienced ready detailed respecting the late ear!- during the last winter :” quakes at the Cape of Good timpe, the following particulars are communicated Steam has been applied in the United in a letter, dated Cape Town), January, States, in the purposes of inland wavia 1810. * My last letter was principaily gation, with complete succes. The about earthquakes, which have been panna-beát between New York anak repeated almost every day since the th Albany is 169 fect long, and wide in ult. During the last seek we bare haut proportion, with accomodation for 100 five or six shocks, but mune except tlic passengers; and the machine which three on December 1, and t10 since, inoses her wheels is equal to the power have been violent. The Duech inhabie of horses, and is kept in motion by tants begin to console themseives rithe stearn from a copper boiler, 8 or 10 feet the idea that the noises we hear are in length. II r route is 150 miles, which thunder, alebough not a cloud is to be she performs regularly twice a week, anet seen in any part of the sky. These sometimes in so little as S2 hours when earthquakes have greatly reduced the the wind is fair ; light square sails are value of bouses, most of which in the employed to increase her speed.




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[July 1,


ROYAL SOCIETY OF LONDON. shall have no knowledge of the properties M

R. Davy, in his analytical experi- of the pure phosphoric element.

ments on phosphorus, says, the In considering the states of the carti. saine analogies apply to this substance as, naceous principle in plumbago, charoval, to sulphur. Common electrical sparks, and the diamond, Mr. Davy nonces the passed through phosphorus, did not evolve experiments of Messrs. Allen aud Pepes, from it perinanent yils; but when it was which have proved that plumbago, cuare acted upon by the Voltaic battery of 500 coal, and the diamond, produce very nearplates, gas was produced in considerable iy the same quantities of carbonic acid, quantities, and the phosphorus became and absorb very wearly the same quandof a deep red brown colour, like phos. ties of oxygen in combustion. “Hende phorus that had been inflamed and ex- it is evident," says Mr. Davy, "ihat ibey tinguished under water.

The gas ex- must consist principally of the saine kuur amined, proved to be phosphuretied hy- of matter ; but minuie researcbus upon drogen; and the light of the Voltaic spark their chemical relations when examused in the phosphorus was at first a brilliant by new analytical methods, will, 4 am u yellow, but as the colour of the phospbo. clined to believe, shew that the great dit rus changed it appeared orange. Froin ference in their physical properties dues certain experiments, Mr. Davy supposes not merely depend upon the differ dices that phosphuretted hydrogen contains a of the mechanical arrangement of their minute proportion of oxygen, and con. parts, but likewise upon ditie rences un sequently that phosphorus likewise may their intimate chemical nature. Fm contain it; but the action of potassiunt the experiments mentioned, the professar on phosphorus itself furnishes morc direct inters thai in plumbago the carbouaceous evidences of the circunstance. One principle exists merely in combination grain of potassium and one grain of phos. with iron, and in a form which may ke phorus were fused together : they com- regarded as approaching to that of a new bined, with the production of the most tal in its uature, being conducting in a vivid light and intense ignition. During high degree opaque, and possessmg cosa the process 7 h of a cubical inch of phos- siderable lustre. Charcual appears to phuretied bydrogen was evolved. The 'contain a minute quantity of byerngen in phosphuret formed, exposed to the action combination. Perhaps the alkalies and of diluted muriatic acid over mercury, earths produced during its combasitus, produced this of a cubical inch of phos- exist in it not fully combined with oif. pharetted hydrogen. In a second expe- gen, and hence it is a very compouncil viment, one grain of potassium was fused substance, though in the main it costs with three yrains of phosphorus, and a of pure carbonaceous element. "Tue erquarter of a cubicalinch of phosphuretted periments on the diamond render at prohydrogen was generated during the igni. bable that it contains oxygel, but the tion. But from the compound exposed quantity must be exceedmgly w.inute, to muriatic acid, only to b of a cubical through perhaps sufficient to render the inch could be procured. It is not easy compound non-conducting: and if the to reler the deficiency of phosphuretted cai bonaceous element in charcoal aad hydrogen in the second case to any oiber the diamond be considered as tnited to cause than to the supply of oxygen to the still less foreign matter in quantity than potassium from the phosphorus; and the in plumbago, which contains about ih quantity of phosphurcuted hydrogen of iron, the results of their combustive erolveri in tre first case, is much less than will not differ perceptibly." could be expected, if both potassium and In his experiments on the decompis, phosphorus consisted merely of pure com- tion and composition of boracic acid, Nr. bustible master. The phosphoric acid, Davy bad noted in a former paper that it formed by the combustion of phosphorus appeared to be decomposed lov l'ultata through a crystalline soid, may contains eiectricity, a dark-coloured inflammable

The hydrogen evolved from substance separating from it on the ne. phosphorus by electicity proves that this gative surface. He now attempied to must be the case; and, i bough the quan- collect quantities of it by means of tive tity of hydrogen and oxygen in phosphorus bartery of 500. double plates, and au may be exceedingly small, yet they may olive-brow inatter immediately began to be sutficient to give it peculiar characters; foron on the negative surface, which graand will the basis is vbiained free, we dually increased in thickness, and at 1a::



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