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SONNET TO SORRENTO. Thou who art sent, a good Samaritan!

To bind the wounds of crimson-crested DEAR classic soil, whence fame-crown'd War, Tasso sprung,

And heal the nations. Thou, who most de. Well-nam'd Syrentum,* with such charms

light'st endu'd,

Beneath the peasant's humble roof to dwell, That, whilst I wander thy cool shades among, And hear the matin song of early birds No thoughts to prompt the deep drawn Light-hearted; with tranquillity and love sigh obtrude:

To twine uofading wreaths for him whose Or, if Remembrance picture sorrows filed,

heart No more I view them with Aliction's eye, Is rightliest turn'd to thee. O gentle Peace ! As scorpions on the lap of Nature spread, O'erspread us with thy pinions, and, as erst,

But as benignant warnings from on High. Thy wonted influence through the world difHere, Life's illusions shall no more betray,

fuse. Nor Passion's gales too strong for Reason

prove; But white rob'd Innocence direct my way

STANZAS, To che dread confines of the Courts above;

Whose porter, Death, at sight of such a AND must we part! O, soul-subliming

Shall smiling ope the gate, and throw hiş

For ever must I lose thy cheering light? shafts aside.

Ev'n now I hail thee, clad in orient hues;

Fair as when first thou charm’dst my SONNET TO APATHY.

youthful sight!

And oft in depth of woe hast thou relun'd NYMPH, with the gem'd Ficoides* ar- My darken'd sight, and exorcis'd despair; ray'd,

Yea! oft hast thou my sinking spirit By thy Torpedo-touch, my cares subdue ! plum'd For, where thou com’st, vexatious fancies With strength to soar above the clouds of

care. And Grief, tho' real, doff's her sable hue.

Oft hast thou rais'd my spirit on thy wing, Mild remedy for wounded Friendship’s tear, When Sorrow's shaft had struck it to the Or the loud plaints of ill-requited love ;

earth, Sure antidote to ev'ry pang severe,

Taught me the soothing strain of Hope to The way-worn pilgrim, Man, is doom'd to

sing : prove!

And still 'twas Joy's anticipated birth. E'en our best feelings, tho' awhile they take Sweet Pleasure's torm, or shine in Virtue's

But ah! the transports chou' dost bid me dress,

feel, A captive of deluded Reason make,

Dart through my frame such feverish And cheat her with the name of riappiness.

delight, Then welcome, Apachy! He finds not rest,

Inflict a wound, so deep, no hand can Who fails to own thee Sov'reign of his breast.


And drive the dews of slumber from my PAX POTIOR BELLO;

sight. Fragment from Poems,now in tbe Press. Be hush'd, my heart ! Bor urge the sanguine By JAMES JENNINGS.


To mock with hectic flush my faded O GENTLE Peace! Who, with thy willing hand, shedd'st plenty Be hushid, my heart! Oh, let thy swell

cheek ; round!

subside, Who escapest from the palaces of Kings,

Nor break life's mure, already worn and To lonely glens, or nwuntain haunts torlorn.

weak. Sorrento, anciently called Syrentum,

Yes! we must part, belov'd illusive Muse, from its enchanting situation, is the coolest

For ever I must lose thy cheering light, and most healthy summer abode in the south

Alas! clear-scanning Reason deariy rues

The hour thy charms seduc'd my youthful prn part of lialy; and famous for containing the paternal mansion of the immortal Tasso;

sight. a circumstance which I could not resist no- Yes! we must part; wild. wand'sing thoughts. tieing.

away, † The ice-plant, properly called the dia- No niore may fancy feed the mining fire, moni ficoides.

Which robs my bosom of Heaith's dewy ray; In whose Inscription, page 505, of last And bids the throbbing pulse of life volume, for Nature here with ait conventing,"


A. ROBSON. read " consenting,"

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Progress of the French Language, &c. sivce 1789. [Feb. 1,

Thoughtless and lost in' Folly's endless CONCEITED worn! sport of our early days: Like you, awhile, he sports in summer's flow guy you scem witb many-colour'd

beam, wing,

An empty crifler, Caroless of his lot ; How proudly on that flow'r, (vais-child Then quits, like you, life's short and airy of Spring ;)

dream; You bask and ulter in the vernal rays,

As licrle nored, and as soon forgot:
And spread your plumes to ov'ry idler's gaze; Another year, your painted prog’ny shows,

Fit emblem of yon seli-enamor'd thing, Fruidtul alike in bulcerties and beaux.
Who lightly trips in rashion's giddy ringi

J. U.



and your goodness shall be our guide.

To dispense praise with pleasure, to Report on the Progress of the French exercise censure with reserve, to proclaim Lunguage and Literature, on the the talents remaining, amongsi us, to Epoch of the French Revolution, (1789) applaud nascent dispositions; such is, no toine Pror 130$, nurde by a Commission doubt, the duty which we have to perof the Institute of France, by ader of form; and in your Majesty's orders we the imperor Napolton.

presume, with respectful confidence, to H

State, a deputation from the class with which you have always honoured
of Literature and Belles-Lettres of the literature, a piedue of your constant pro-
Institute, composed of M. M. Chenier, tection, and a tuken of your new bene-
President; de Volney, Vice-president; factions.
Suard, Perpetual Secretary; and M. M. Without being able at present to name
Morellot, Boutllers, Bernardin de St. all the writers, whom we shall quote in
Pierre, Andrieux, Arnault, Villars, our work, we are, however, Sire, about
Cailhava, Domerghe, Lacrerelle, Lauon; to mention a considerable number of
Raymouaril, and Picard, was presented them; and we will eirdeavour particularly
by the Minister of the Home Depari- to state the progress and divisions of the
inent, and adnrieted to the bar of the departinent which we shall have to pre-

. M. Chenier spoke as follows: sent to your Majesty. In this extensive Srne,

Hork, embracing the whole circle of the The further we proceed in the la- art of writing, at the head of each branch boor which your Majesty has or. we draw a rapid sketch of its progress in dered us to subinit to you, the more we Irance, until the epnch at which our ob. feel the difficulty which it imposes upon servations commerce, to serve as us. How can we appreciate so many many luminous points to enlighten our writers, while living, not by strict the- The art of conveying ideas by ories, by demonstrated facts, by evident words, that of connecting ideas with calculations, but by considerations each other, and by thein sensations, and deemed ar bitrary; hy wit, taste, talent, by these all the ideas which flow from imagination, the art of writing? How them, first engage our attention. Such strike out a road through so many dan. is the progress of nature; we must speak gerous shoals, amongst so many various and think, before we write. It is the opinions, sometimes contrary, always province of French literaturc, in particontested wiih warunth, amidst so many cular, to take a retrospect of the philo. passions which it was so didicult to as- sophical sciences, founded at least in suage, and which it is so easy to rouse! France, by the school of Port Royal; a llow satisfy, at the same time, those of source equally inexhaustible and pure, wborn we bave to speak ; and those who fiom which all sound learning, and ai bare forined an opinion on literature, classical literature, are derived. The after having studied it, and even those sanie sciences, in the course of the last who without any study, fancy themselves century, were greatly indebted to the nevertheless is be competent judges ? labours of Condillac, whom the French These reflections appear discouraying; Academy was proud to count amongst its but your Majesty gives us confidence, members. He was himself the founder

of a school of philosophy, and has left Sitting of Saturday, the 27th of February. able discirles, and honourable successors..




M. Domergue


M. Domergue, M. Sicard, successfully duces strength of style, has treated imcultivate universal and particular gran- portant questions of general policy. A mar.

We shall have to remark a work writer, celebrated in more than one kind on our language, one of the best produce , of composition, now the Prince Archtions of Marmontel.

treasurer of the empire; like hin, M. M. Deyerando, a man of sagacity and Ræderer, M. Dupont de Nemours, M. methodical mind, has enquired into the Barbé-Marbois; after them, M. M. I. B. connexions of signs, with the art of think. Say; M. Ganilh, have treated, in an ining.

The comprehensive genius of teresting, and perspicuous manner, of M. de Tracy, has collecied the three different branches of political economy, sciences linked together, in one body, The Elements of Legislation, published as they are in nature. M. Cabavis, as by M. Perrau, are not unworthy of being interesting as he is perspicuous and pro. quoted. The author of a work, honoured found, hy comparing the physical and with the prize of utility, which the the moral man, has submitted medicine French Academy used to decree, M. to the analysis of the understanding. Pastoret, in dereloping the principles of M. Garai, appointed to lecture on this penal legislation, thought that he could analysis, in the normal schools, has, by determine how the law should proceed, his torilliant imagination, rendered reason in order to be humane, when it should itself luninous; a kind of service for strike to be just, and where it should which, in questions yet abstract, rea- stop to be useful. We remark in the son can be indebted to talents of a sua works of M. de Lacretelle, a brilliant and perior order only.

celebrated discourse, on the nature of The science of the duties of man, ignominious punishments. All these mozality, without producing so many, writers have kept pace with the reas works, bas not however been barren. of the age, and some have accelerated its We have found in the lectures which progress. Marmontel bequeathed to his children, Before we proceed to the oratorical the precepts of Cicero blended with art, in which we again find policy and evangelical wisdom. We ought partie legislation presented under nei forms to cularly to di-tinguish an important work France, we shall have to mention a Trea. of Saint Lambert, who formerly enriched tise on the Eloquence of the Pulpit, in book our literature by an elegant, barmonious, itself eloquent, in which Cardinal Maury and pbilosophical poem. Arrived at the gives excellent precepts, after having last period of his life, he did not abandon exhibited striking examples. the banners under which he enlisted in In literary criticism, several writers his youth. Invariable in his principles, furnish us with profound studies, and shunning extremes even in good, he judicious comments on our great clasneither affected excessive picty, nor sics: M. Cailhava, on Moliere ; M. stoical austerity: Without detacbing Palissot, on Corneille and on Voltaire; morality from the social, necessary de- Chamfort, on Lafontaine, whom he had, monstrable principle of a superintending while young, made the subject of a And protecting God, he found it alto- charming eulogy; and Laharpe, on gether on the relations which unite man Racine, whom he had also worthily for man, on our wants, on our passions, praised before. We do not omit remarks on the innumerable multitude of india ing numerous additions to the Literary sidual interests, constantly at variance Menoirs of M. Palissot, a work free with each other, but compelled by nature quently instructive, and always written In commingle, and forming by their with uncommon elegance. Nor do we union, the general interest of society. forget the laboors of M. Ginguéné, on

We consider, in their turn, those who Italian literature, a considerable and bave applied the art of writing, to mat- useful work, already in a state of great ters of policy and legislation ; not the forwardness. Here the last volumnes of crowd of subordinate wits, who by pe- Laharpe's Course present them-elves, rindical papers, or pamphlets, les tran- with his Correspondence in Russia. sitory, flattered the passions of the mul- After having done justice to the indistitude, while the multitude possessed putable talents of that man of letters, power; but a small number of men, more no more, we shall be obliged to or less, distinguished for their talents, point out the extreme severity with and equally laudable for their intentions, which he ilmught himself authorised to An able dialectician, M. Sieyes, in treat his contemporaries, and particu. works where the strength of thought pro- larly his rivals; bis unreserved ceisure, MONIALY Mac, No. 195.



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58 Progress of the French Language, &c. since 1789. [Feb. ), which is scarcely ever júst; the pleasure in the same assemblies, orators who of condemning, in bich discredits an able united to a courageous probity, a dictii? censor; bis injustice often palpable; and both pathetic and imposing: Vergniaux, even in a just cause bis offensive bitter- for instance; M. Français de Nantes, ness so opposite to French urbanity. On M. Boissy d'Anglas, M. Garat, Portalis this occasion, Sire, we shall examine the M. Simeon, and that able statesman so rules of sound criticism, and in so doing, eminent for jurisprudence, and, the ve engage to observe them in the whole oratorical art, so elevated amongst the course of our work; and perhaps it may great dignitaries of the empire. be of importance to repeat them, when In the camps, where, remote from the they appear to be forgotten.

calamities of the interior, the national In the oratorical art, int the come glory was preserved unsullied; there mencement of our period, appears a colo arose another species of eloquence, unul lection of the funeral orations and ser. thien unknown to modern nations. It mnons, by Beauvais, bishop of Sencz, a must even be admitted, when we read in - prelate indebted for his dignities, to his the writers of antiquity, the harangues of merit; and who sometimes shewed him- the most renowned chiefs, we are often self the worthy successor of Bossuet, and tenipted to admire only the genius of Massillon. The French bar appeared the historians. But here, doubt is im. impoverishedl, when its supporters ens possible; the monuments exist; history Fiched the tribune. At this term our bas only to collect thein. From the memory recurs with pain to turbulent army of Italy proceeded those beautiful assemblies. We shall hasten through proclainations, in which the congueros them, Sve, to avoid numerous shoals. of Lodi and Arcole, at the same time "We shall be able to conform ourselves to that he created a new art of war, created the viens manifested by your equiry and the military eloquenee of which he wild wisdom; and forced to recollect that fac- renain the model. This eloquence, like tions existed, we siiall not forget that Fortune accompanying bim, resounded there were also talents. We begin with through the city of Alexandria, in Egypt, that celebrated orator, who, gifted with where Pompey perished; through Syria, a mind as vigorous as flexible, attached which received the last breath of Gerhis personal renown to almost all the manicus. Subsequently in Germany, in labours of the constituent assembly, Poland, in the midst of the astonished After Mirabeau, follow those who com- capitals, Vienna, Berlin, Warsaw, it was batted his opinions with energy, the Car- faiihtul in the hero of Austerli:z, of Jena, dinal Maury, Cazalès; those who suc- of Friedland; while in the language of cessfully supported him, Chapelier, Bar- honour, so well understood by the French nave, and M. Regnault de Saint Jean armies, from the bosons of victory, he still d'Angely, who still displays, in the hall commanded victory, and inspired hewhere we are now admitted, that preci- roism. sion and perspicuity, which peculiarly At the moment, when men of science distinguishi his eluquence.

Could we

and literature, long tussed about by forget the number of able civilians, who storms, found refuge in a new asylurn; bave applied the oratorical art, to the and particularly at the epoch, when your different objects of legislation. Thourst, Majesty, improving the Institute, hoTronchet, rivals worthy of each other; noured it with your special favour: aca. Camus, who to great knowledge juincai demical eloquence soon began to revive, great austerity of manners; Target, and to flourish again. That species of M. Merlin, M. Treilhard, whose extensive composition, the various models of which learning has enlightened the tribunals? belong exclusively to the literature of the We pay homage to the plan of public last century, is not contracted within instruction, that monument of literary narroker lins. Two illustrious wrkers, glory, erected by M. de Talle grand; a Thomas and M. Garat, bave proved, work, in which all the philosophic ideas that in certain subjects, it adinits of are embellished by all the charms of grand images, and of the most beautiful style. The subsequent assemblies fur- muvements of oratory. The art also nish us with two works of uncommon often consists in avoiding them. But it merit, of the same kind; the one by ihe always requires elegance and regularity profound Condorcet, the niher loy M. in the fornis, perspicuity, justness, and a Daunou,, whose useful labours, elo- happy harmony between the ideas and quence, and modesty, have been esteem- the expressions. These qualities have ed by several legislatures. We remarks been found combined, in the discourses


which M. Suard delivered, as perpetual splendid. We shall not forget an intersecretary, in the name of the class of esting publication of M. de Beausset: French Literature; and the same func- the life of that immortal prelate, who times have been performed with equal enriched our language by Telemachus, Eliccess, in the name of the other classes. combined eloquence, religion, philosoa, M. Arnault, on several solemn occasions, phy, and was at the same time simple in has infused great interest into subjects his genius, bis piety; and his virtue. of public instruction. Amongt the pa- Voyages and travels form a part of negyrists, M. de Boumers, 11. François history. We shali fillow through North de Neufchatelu, M. Cuvier, Portalis, America, the steps of M. de Volney, have been distinguished by the brilliancy, who forinerly, in traversing Egypt and and facility of their style; and the eulo-Syria, wrote one of the finest works of gium of Marmontel, a work of great wie eighteenth century, and a inastermerit, which philosophy and friendship piece of its kind. Alle men have colo dictated to M. Morellei, appears in para lected the annals of the sciences, or ticular to have been heard with uniform drawn a faithful view of human opinions. pleasure throughout. Finally, as it is M. Naigeon, completing the great labour impossible to quote all

, a multitude of commenced by Diderot, describes the productions are sufficient securities to us, luminous progress of ancient and modern that this species of writing will resuine philosophy: M. Bossut, interests by his the useful influence which it formerly diction, in the History of Mathematics: possessed; as well in the French Aca- with M. de Volney, eloquent Reason indemy, as in the Academy of Sciences; terrogates ruins, accumulated during where more than one celebrated author, forty centuries: with M. Dupuis, a a member of both societies, preserved judicious Erudition searches for the com. hetween their different stuilies that inon origin of religious traditions. llere union, which renders sciences we find again, a profound and rapid generaliy useful, and gives to literature a sketch of the progress of the human more extensive direction.

mind, the last work, and nearly the last The important branch of history, Sire, sigh of Condorcet, a will made by a sage will long engage our attention. Not in favour of humanity. that we pretend to rescue froin oblivion, Before the art of writing was applied a mass of private memoirs on the French amongst us in the history of the sciences, revolution. Defective in point of style, it was known to what an elevation it containing beside, only pleadings in could attain, even in the sciences the favour of the different parties; they be- object of wbich is the study of nature. long to the class of polemic writings, and Bution had taught it; and we shall have we shall discard them indiscriminately. an vccasion to remark, how well his We shall, however, have to give an ac. worthy continuator, M. de Lacepede, count of a great number of works, In has benefited by the lessons of so great one, M. Castera, describes an edipress, a master. We shall see Lavoisier, and who shone thirty years on the throne of Fourcroy diffusing over chemistry that Peter the Great. In another, M. de clearess, which is the first quality of Segur, in drawing a political view of style, and the most necessary for inEurope, during a tempestuous period, struction. We sball next examine communicates to his style the luminous- wbeider the theories, relative to the ness of his opinions. We shall display diferent arts of imitation, do not offer in the merit of an Abstract of the History the saine light very remarkable improveof France, a work of M. de Thouret, one

Our researches wall not be fruita of the meinbers of the Constuent As- less. We shall remark particularly, with sembly. The period furnishes us with what ease and elegance M. Gretry has another superior work, at least for the treated the musical art, which he has great qualities of the art of writing. long honoured by compositions, the meRultiere, acadeinioia!, now no Jody and truth of wnich can never bemore, has related the memorable events come obsolere. of the last century, in those regions, We shall not proceed to poetry withiSire, where your Majesty, accompanied out taking a rapid view of novels, a kind by victory, hias dictated a glorious peace. of writing which resembles history, by Although this posthumous work remains the recital of events; the epic by an ilicomplete, we shall discover, in every action wholly, or partly fabulous; trapart of it, tire stamp of a genius improved gedy by the passions, comedy by the reby labour, and at times uncommonly presentations of society. We shall not



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