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fastened to a column, is more common. several saccessive years, the occurrence The butterfly is the well-known symbol of a few days, not many, during which a of the soul; and here (as weil as in alt stilly languor prevailed, as if Nature monuments) it is not merely Psyche, but lainented the havoc and wild uproar has also an allegorical meaning.

which were about to disrobe the forest, No. 73. Cupid flying with a palm- and to drive the berd from the short but brunch in one hund, and a wreath in the genial sward of the hill-top, to the seother. I believe it to be a genius. The cluded shelter of the lowlands. There attitude, &c. resembles a Victory over a appears a richness in the melancholy of triumphal car, with a palm-branch and this short season unspeakably pleasing. wreath: and probably alluding to All is hushed. No leaf falls, but each siiiiar occasion.

seems to tremble on its stalk. Such was No. 75. A terminal head of the the day on which I quitted Streatly, for bearded Bacchus. A veil hangs down on the purpose of crossing the bills which each side of the head. The head-dresses rise between that village and the anof these Indian Bacchuses are often fan. cient Spinæ of the Romans; and with a tastic and singular. See two in Munte view of visiting Silchester, one of the faucon, L'Antiq. cxpliq. i. p. 2. b. 1, most perfect remains of Roman power c. 18.

in the kingdom. No. 76. A female statue, probably of The village of Streatly lies on the Thulia. Q?

Berkshire edge of the Thames, and the No. 77, 78,79. An Amphora, and fe- etymology of the name implies the formale statues, unknown. The last, with an mer connexion of the place with some indented dindem, has the air of a Roman great thoroughfare, or passage. It was matron: perhaps it is an empress.

here indeed that the ancient Ickleton This room is rather too dark to show Wuy (for so the Ichnield-street is termed the small parts of the bas-reliefs in full in Berkshire) crossed the Thames. The perfection.

modern village has no great claim on . T. D. FOSBROOKE, admiration, though its low snug vicarage,

the grounds belonging to which are con

tiguous to the river, interests the specFor the Monthly Magazine.

tator, and tempts him to form a little WALKS in BERKSHIRE. By MR. JAMES enchanting scene of fancy respecting

No. IV.-Contain- christian content and village sinplicity. ing a Visit to the untient Vindonum This small and irregular hamlet is of the Romans.

viewed to considerable advantage from N TO observant man will complain of various points of the lofty hill which

monotony in scenes of nature. surmounis it. The sinuous course of the Throughout no two weeks of the year is Thames enlivens the scene: on the right nature seen clad in ornaments of the reposes that soft and lovely valley nosame hue; but, almost as quickly as the ticed in our first Berkshire excursion; to painter can vary the colours on bis pallet, the left a wide and more level expanse while employed in imitating her excel. unfolds a long catalogue of villages, each lence, does she sport through the inter- balf-veiled by an umbrageous coverlet of mixtures of light and shade, eliciting a forest trees; while the rude but pic. thousand fresh graces from the varieties turesque cottages of Streatly, seem of each.

cling for protection to the base of the Virgil has described, with the true hill which guards them from the storm. pathos and fervor of poetry, the peculiar There is scarcely any county in Eng. delicacy of that blush with which the land which contains more vestiges of bursting petal first peups forth, in seem Roman strength and perseverance, than jog diflidence at the call of spring. And that through which we are now walking ; there is another season as transient as and yet the conjoined researches of some the era noted by Virgil, and as attrac- very laborious antiquaries, have failed to live, thougn I do not recollect it to bave ascertain with punctuality, the situation been nouced by any poet, and have of the different cities and tracks mentia never seen an attempt at its delineation ones in the Itinerary of Antoninus. on the canvas : I mean that period Thus, although there were certainly which immediately precedes the fall of three very considerable Ronan towns in the leaf at autumn. I may be fancitul, Berkshire, the precise situation of only but I think that I have observed in one (Speue, or Spinæ) is ascertained';

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NORRIS BREWER

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the name of another is known, but not wiped my brow, and said, with great the position;t and, respecting the thuid, philosophy, "All is vanity and vexation antiquaries agree as to its situation, but ot'spirit!" they are totally at a loss concerning its But when I deviated from the oid original name.

Rogian way, and entered the bite At any rate, the road by which we are woodlands, and strayed along the trai. now winding up Strcatly bill, is allowed quil soothing vales, where perhaps a to be a branch of the ancient Ickleton Cæsar biad trodden before, with more way; and this branch of the original elevated but possibly less please street passes llampstead Hermitage, and schemes inantling in his fancy, I di proceeds towards Newbury and Old covered a linie nemorial of humble Cs. Sarum.

tentinent and atlection in recent lite, It has been asserted in a very respect- which gratified me at the moment, a.. able work, that there are two Roinan which perhaps is more grateful to recita inile-stones to be scen between the vile lection, than would have been the disa Jages of Streatly and Aldworth. With covery of a moss-grown Roman fort, or all the zeal of a man who was anxious to the blood-stained tumulus of add a mite or more of information to lotty chieftain of a past day, dignified by the stock possessed by the antiquaries of posterity with the name of hero. It was his favourite county, did I search after a tomh, simple but ca pacious, ereca these memorials of Roman thoroughfare. in the garden of the cottage which they No huntsman ever more vigilantly beat had formerly tenanted, to the memory of the bush in pursuit of a secreted hare, a husbandman and his wife, who lie but never, alas! was huntsinan more buried beneath its base. The cottage is completely thrown out. My chace was scclusion itself; thick woods, august like that described by Sterne, when he - hills, and sloping pasture-grounds, are sought the tomb of the two lovers; and the only objects in view. Yet, so en. I was compelled to follow the conduct deared was this sober spot to the feelings of a very wisc man, when he found it of those who had traced all the different impracticable to satisfy the prevelent stages of life, and various hopes and desire of the moment: I sat down, fears connected with humanity, anid its

bowers, that the thought of quirting it, • The site of the ancient Calleva remains even in deatis, was not supportable. unknown, though some have conjectured Where shall we find the baron so much Wallingford, and others have confidently attached to his domain, or the monarch supposed Silchester, to present the ground. to his palace? Surely the poet had this work of that ruiled city. Where great tomb in view when he said: license of conjecture is allowable, perhaps I

" There scatter'd oft, the earliest of the may be pardoned for noticing it as possible that Calleva stood on a spot now occupied as

By hands unseen are show'rs of vilea a farm hy a Mr. Child, in the immediate neighbourhood of Streatly. It is certain that The redbreast loves to build and warbk

found; the plough frequently turns up fragnients of

there, building, apparently Roman, on several

And little footsteps lightly print the parts of this farm; and the relative situation

ground." approaches as nearly to an accordance with the distances specified by Antoninus, as does Regaining the trace of the conquering that of Wallingford.

Romans, the pedestrian speedily enters In the neighbourhood of Mr. Child's farm, the parish of Aldworth, fornierly the rethere is a mill called Cleve mill. A fanciful sidence of the affluent, the hospital!e, antiquary would almost believe the name of and the warlike—now the abode of peathis mill to be a corruption of the word Cal

sants only, whose straggling cottages leva. I see no reason for disbelieving that a scarcely afford so marked an idea of a mill may have occupied the same spot for direct neighbourhood, as to induce ise fourteen or fifteen centuries. I know it to

traveller to believe that he is arrived at be comparatively ancient; for I have seen it specified in a map two hundred and fifty norial rights of this district, and the mure

the once

fri-ling village. The ma. years old. The antiquity of many mills is certainly very great. It was lately proved, solid benefits of the lands and appus in a trial respecting a right of water course,

tenances thereunto belonging, were, tis I think, near Epsom, in Surry, that the pre

a considerable period, in the possessinin cise spot now occupied by a corn-mill, was

of the De la Beche family, many mesused for the same purpose in the reign of bers of which lie, with memorable sepes. Edward the Confessor.

chral konours, in the little church of the

vilsage.

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village. This family we first recognise not much taller than their neiglibours. as landholders of Berkshire in the 13th There are eight of these monuments recentury; but it is remarkable, that of maining in the church, and though much the ancient gentry of this county, two mutilated, they are still interesting and families alone are remaining: the En. remarkable. glehelds, and the “A Bears.'

Sir Ilarry

Several are placed under arches Englefield, the clegant and literary ie richly ornamenied with trefoils, roses, presentative of the former of these houses, pinnacles, and other modes of carving appears to be alienating himself from prevalent in the reign of Edward III.; the county with studious indifference; and one presents the etfigies of a fernale, and the A Beurs, are now, as they have clad in a long flowing robe, her left hand been for many generations, mere yeo. reposing on her breast. Some rude vio

an impressive lesson to family lator of the privileges of the dead has pride, and a circumstance to which committed a petty larceny on this sculpFuller empha:ically adverts, by observe tured semblance of one of the ladies De jug, “that the lands of Berkshire die la Beche; and bas stolen, without revery skiteish, and apt to cast their ownlo buke, though to his marked discredit, ers." Still this continual interchange is, the chiselled copy of that right hund in many respects, far from unpleasing; which was once so dearly prized, and and such a fluctuation of local prepon. which perhaps was not bestowed, eveu derance, may be conjectured favourable on the elevated and the worthy, without to the production of talent; since Berke much reilection, and many an appreshire, I believe, may reckon more men hensive sight. of genius ainong its men of furtune, in Up the steep acclivity of the Ickleton the course of the last three centuries, Way, queen Elizabeth once travelled, in than any county in the island which is “ tedious march and long array,” for the not more extensive.

purpose of visiting Aldworth. At that The castle of the De la Beches stood period, a pedigree of the De la Beche in a pleasing and romantic, but : pro. fanily, fairly written on parchment, was foundly retired, situation. Yet His lat- fixed, in all the pomp of baronial beter circunstance was possibly deemed an- raldry, on the east end of the principal ad santage during ages in which lical in aislc of the church. But it is recorder, fluence, and despotic superiority, here that the carl of Leicester took dowia objects of pursuit with the aliluent, ra this scroll, for the inspection of her mae ther than social comfort, and thai ge- jesty, and it was never replaced. nerous spirit of emulation which springs On quitting the melancholy but infrom the polished interchanges of a wide teresting neighbourhood of Aldworth, neighbourhood. The castle, once so I entered on the downs to the left of solid yet lofiy, is now prostrate; por the village, and crossed the modern high would the precise site which it occupied, road to Bath, at a small distance froin be known to the tenanis of the present Thatcham. It was here, according to century, had not a part of the foundation the conjecture of the bishop of Cloyne, been lately dug up, on the present pro- that The ancient Roman' road froin prietor of the land wishing to make some Spinæ to London, met that from Streatly additions to a farin-house on his estale. to Silchester; thus compressing, into one

The recluse and unostentatious church great confuence of tratlic, the chief of this humbled village, is an object of thoroughfares then existing in this part superstitious reverence and wonder with of the country. The knowledge of this the surrounding peasantry, on account of conjecture, roused the feelings and sti. the internient of sundry giants within its mulated expectation. Claudius, Vesholy walls. To these extraordinary per- pasian, Coristantius, and Antoninus, sonages, the natives ascribe surprising passed in august review before the strength of body, and intrepidity of ten fancy; and I involun'arily hastened those per; and they characterise then accord steps which led me towards the frayingly by ditierent emblematicai appel- meniary memorials of Silchester. lations; but those persons who are pos

(To be continued) sessed of less historical ingenuity, and are consequently less fond of the inar

For the Monthly Magazine. vellous, believe these tombs to have been erected for different inembers of the

ACCOUNT of the BLACK PLAGUE, from potent family of De la Beche, who, al. the YEARS 1946 to 1348, inclusive. ihough somewhat gigantic in regard to

LOUDS of black vapours, passing, influence and authority, were probably during a space of three years, over

an extensive range of countries, were ding a few solitary exceptions, dread both to France and Germany the fore- and apprehension everywhere reigned: punners of much mischief on the point of every view was fixed, limited by the ensuing, and the omens of that desolation grave; and all conceived themselves as if which was soon to spread itself over their at every moment standing before the inbabitants. Repeated earthquakes, the awful tribunal of God: nothing was stench of deadly vapours, preceded, and heard but lamentation; and a single traaccording to many writers, occasioned veller was held in the light of an Antithe plague; but the more common opi- christ. Every mind, impressed by the nion is, that it was brought into Europe general gloom of this horrid tragedy, was by trading vessels. This dreadful scourge seized with religious terror; and it was of the human race pervaded the whole the universal idea that such unparalleled surface of the terrestrial globe, and de- destruction was paving the way to the prived its cities and its countries of a full final judgment: superstitious prejudices, ihird of their people. There was no ex. which a senseless translation of the Scrip. emption either for man or beast: the tures helped to confirm. The warriors, largest towns were converted into great only anxious for personal safety, forgot to receptacles of the dead, the yet warm defend their countries. Agriculture corpse was often committed to the grave was entirely neglected; while treinbling before life was entirely extinct; and, suspense at the approach of the last day prompted by despair, the eye was invariably increased. On all sides the only lifted up to Heaven in the sad exo groans of desperation and hopeless repectation of beholding new presages of pentance struck the ear; crowds of men increasing misery and devastation. and women were constantly 'seen torThroughout almost all Asia, the fields lay turing themselves with the cruel læhes deserted and uncultivated, so that they of penitential discipline; in short, it apo who had escaped the pestilence, fell a peared as though the omnipotent trum. prey to famine.

The contagion was pet had already blown its all-awakening universal; but confining ourselves to blast. But even now there existed heo Europe, in London alone five hundred ings whose pride this catastrophe had thousand victims were the consequence not abated, whose zeal to extend their of its virulence; in Florence, sixty thou- possessions in a world threatened with sand; in Lubeck, ninety thousand; in everlasting ruin, was not yet diminished; Basel, more than sixty thousand. The and, not satisfied with the ravages of the members of the great senate, originally plaguic, the poor Jews were persecuted six hundred and fiftv, were reduced to with sanguinary rage and perseverance: three bundred and eighty: the doge the hostilities of nature being ascribed to Andrew Dandalo, deeply grieved to be that forlorn race, great numbers of them hold, his native country thus depopulated, were burnt by the furious mob, throughinvited, by the offer of the most enticing out France, Italy, and Germany. Nor privileges, a multitude of strangers to did Egypt present a less distressing asreplace his lost subjects.

pect; indeed there was no spot upon the To turn the mirid of the young from globe so completely wretched. The the agonizing consideration of frequent plague and famine kept pace with ench death, by the lively participation of other. The perturbated Egyptians fancied feasts and entertainments, the magi. that evil spirits had risen from the strates of Berne sent them, accompanied tombs among the ruins of their ancient with numerous bands of music, to the cities, to empoison the malignant air; beautiful valley of Sinimon. “Come(said the calls of hunger impelled them to feed they) let us not consume ourselves in on putrid carcases; nothing was vain sorrow and unavailing penitence, loathsome but starvation flew to for rather in festivity and mirth let iis re. succour: mothers even fed upon their joice to have escaped this murderous own children. Treated like slaves by distemper."

a foreign enemy, who had hut lately Boccace informs us, that the greater occupied their country, the Egyptians part of the cities of Italy only resounded no longer possessed any thing of value; with reveling and carousal, while the even the records of the deeds of their people were only bent on the enjoyment ancestors were lost. Nevertheless, it was of pleasure, and the satisfaction of their in the midst of this heavy pressure of wanton passions: fear and terror were calamity, in the exterminating hour of prohibited, for gaiety of manners and desolation, that man augmented the disposition was esteemed the best method means of destruction by the invention of averting the pressing evil. Still, exclu- of guns and gun-powder

To

SO

SIR,

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. I had alınost said impiously, assumed

(tantane vos gcneris tenuit fiducia vestri), F all the questions on which human that the levity of her mind unfits her für

the noblest attainments of man; or chat are none with which the happiness of those attainments, if made, would become ruan is so closely connected as those impediments to the due discharge of doo which respect education, because, the mestic duties. This opinion, though reconsequences of mistaken norions on futed by an appeal to facts, and re:e.ng this subject are of wider extent and on no belier basis than arrogance and longer duration ihan on any other; and ignorance, still has advocates respectable those ingenious writers who have lately, enouglı, if munher can give respectability in such considerable number, distiu. when arrayed in dullness and conceit, guished themselves by this sort of dis. and opposed to reason and experience. cussion, have had reason, as well as It may be presuined, that future genefashion, on their side. We cannot be rations, looking back upon one which too well guarded against error, where boasted many such philosophers and error is manifestly fatal. Medicine may moralists, will regard it as still obstinately mitigate, but can scarcely eradicate, those groping amid the departing shades of diseases which have been let into the barbarism. It will appear next to in. constitution by a vicious regimen. Such credible, that inen, in the grave exercise prejudices therefore as sanction a faulty of their superior understanding, as they or defective plan of education, are more supposed, should have solemnly maina than all others to be deplored.

tained that a mode of education cal. One of this class still keeps the field, culated to strengthen and mature the though with broken forces; and it is one faculty of reason in woman, should in the which should obtain no quarter, because, issue disqualify her for any rational purby embracing the very object of education, pose in society, and especially for those it perverts the conduct of it in all its offices which are the most obvious dictate brauches; and its operation is the more of reason as well as feeling. Admit, what inischievous, as its activity is chiefly ex is not very gracefully assuined, the suerted on that part of our species from perior strength of man's understanding, wirich we necessarily derive our first im- and it becomes the more necessary to pressions, and those in consequence strengthen the naturally weak intellect which have the greatest influence in the of the weaker sex, by every aid that art formation of character. That judgment can supply, instead of rearing it in such is hut little instructed by reason, which a inanner as can only add enervation to can prefer ornanicnt to utility, and set a weakness. Better proofs of the intellec. luigher value on accomplishments which, tual superiority of man must be prothough elegant and captivating in them- duced than such glaring disagreeinent selves, coinniand but a transient admi- between bis opinions and his practice, ration, than on all or any of the treasures or it will be difficult to establish the of learning and science. It might have claim in any court where the claimant is been expected that a sound philosophy, not also the judge. Let no accomplishby which many errors once advanced to ment be lost which can be gained withthe rank of undeniable truths bave been out mental sacrifice. To degrade unexploded in succession, would long since necessarily what is elegantly ornamental, have introduced a more liberal and be betrays want of taste. Let accomplish. neficial way of thinking. But the em ments be estimated highly, but not prie pire of this prejudice, if not undiini. marily. When the choice lies betwixt nished, is still great. While the male the spangle and the gem, it is right to child is reared in the bosom of knowo prefer the latter. It is not quite absurd Jeilge and learning, and early inured to to think there may be even greater all the labours of inental cultivation, it charms in the full use of a cultivated un. cominonly happens that the feipale conle derstanding, than in the most magical suines the first and most valuable years finger that ever struck upon a chord. of her existence (for-they are those in Men of sense and education, indeed, are which habits are inost former) in acqui- not pleased to be called from the consitions that serve only to add an eva versation of sensible and well-informed nescent lustre to the exterior, precisely at 'women, to applauil the brilliant executhat time when it is least required, when tion of a fair musician, or the elegant the charms of youth and beauty are still drawings of her fair sister, whose genius in their zenith. It has been confidently, is bappily discovered to have a conve.. MONTILY MAG, No. 200.

SY.

nient

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