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Wm. TURQUAND Stock and Exchange Bruker, No.9, St. Michael's Alle vi Cornbilla THE
JULY 1, 1810.
[7 of Vol. 29.
As long as those who write are ambitious of making Converts, and of giving thels Opinions Maximum of
Ionuence and Celebrity, the moll extensively circulated Miscellany will repay with the greated Effect the Curiufity of inule who read clcher for Amusement or Inftru&ion.-JOHNSON,
ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS. For the Monthly Magazine Griffin, who guards the gold mines of REMARKS upon the TUWNLEY STATUES, Scythia. This Arimas; us has two eyes,
in the BRITISH MUSEUM. By the and his buckler resen bles the pelta of · Rep. THOMAS
the Amazons. The Grifins were famed
för a particular instinct in finding gold, (The First Room.)
and being very tenacious of it, wbereTHE Townley collection of statues, fore they were perpetually attacked by
is a truly attractive object. It does of archery, used to shut one eye for, a bonour to the taste of the nation, that better aim, and were therefore repreit is so much visited; but it would con-' sented as having only one eye. (Turpin.) siderably augment the instruction, if a The Amazons, Arimaspi, and Griffins, separate Catalogue, with ample scien, appear to have been only barbarous tific details, were sold at the door. The nations mythologized. See Plin. vii. 2. general Catalogue of the contents of the Mela, Strabo, &c. Museum, does not nor can instruct the No. 5. The head of a Triton, on each spectator. I shall proceed through the side of which is a Cupid riding upon collection seriatim.
Dolphin. The general disunction of No. 1, is a female Statue of one of the Tritons is a row of scales across the Muses. She is fully draped; for the visage. See Winckelm. Monum. Antich. Miuses are always clothed with such n. 35.
Count Caylus (Rec. 5.) bas decency, as never to have the bosom published a singular lamp of the head naked, This is their distinction from of a Triton, on the top of which are two nymphs, who have the breast half. Dolphins. The beard of our specinien naked. This Muse, from the amiculum applies to that of a Trilon, or some over her shoulder, and the absence of murine deity in the Mus. Ectrus. t. i. the known characteristics of other pl. 75. n. 2. and is thought, from its Muses, is probably Erato or Clio, whose singular form, to mean fins. (See Philo. costumes are similar. See Gori, Inscr. stratus ii. icon 15.) Gravelle (Pierr. Etrus. t. iii. pl. 33.
Gruv. t. ii. pi. 36.) doubts the antiquity No. 2, is an Amphora. This is the of a gem, from two Loves accompassing distinctive term of vases for containing a Nereid, but it is common. See Bartol. wines, oils, &c. &c. They have two Admir. pl. 32. The Dolphin is the handles, and are pointed at the bottom, model of the first fabrication of ships; for fixing in the ground. These (for and in Stosch, is a vessel in form of one. No. 77, is similar) are not extraordinary, Love presided over t'e air, carth, and che curious and valuable being those of sea, (i Irph. Hymn in Amor ;) and the enormous size, such as C. Caylus has · Greek expression spatopasov, and Ovid's given, Rec. iv. pl. 58.
Sea of Live, mtv funnerxplain this basNói 3. terminal head of the beard- relief. Pausanias, in his Brrotics, c. 21. ed Bacchus. Bacchus bearded and old, alludes to these curious beards or fius is the Indian Bacchus.
of Tritons. No. 4. 7. The first is a bas-relief, No. 6. Bacchus and Cupid, &c. In representing a combat between two Ana Beger, we have Bacchus giving in torch to zons and two Griffins. The latter, An Cupit. Sine Cerere et Buicho friget engagement between one of the Arimuspi Venus. and a Griffin. Upon a cornelian in » · No. 7. 8. Arimaspi and Griffins,'as Stosch, is an Arimaspus combating a before. There is an armed bust in both MUNTILY Mac, No. 200,
Remarks upon the Townley Statues. [July 1, these figures: probably the Scythian Am. 1. i. el. 8, n. 59. Comifc. l." 4. god Mars, their idol.
This drapery is the trutor, of Cidise No. 11. Chimæras, &c. They have machus, (Hymn. in Apoll. 7. 33.) and a a curious escallop along the neck for a female dress. See Hygin. Fab. is. inane, and wings curved like a cartouche. No. 19. Two Priestesses standing ore They are lapping water out of vessels, on each side of a cundelabrum. There held by two youths kneeling, &c. It is is no means of knowing priestesses by probably the exsiccation of some inun- costume, (Maillo!, Costum. i. 277.) a dated country, which is thus typified ! the as to raising the robe, like flope, with one chimæra being of astrononrical meaning, hard, upon imperial coins, it is to be as well as a volcano, &c.
observed, that ihis gesture is unusual in No. 12. A Female in affliction sur. the Marbles of Hope; (see' Boiss. ii. b. rounded by her domesties. This is a very 130;) and Hesione lifts her robe, in the erroneous denomination, Winckelmann same author, and Montfaucon. They having said it down as a rule, that the are probably Roman matrons. subjects of all bas-reliefs are mytholo. No.20. Machaon sitting in the Teatrit gical, not historical. She has lier foot Nestor, wounded; as ll. xi. This is unupon a stool, an ancient mode, occur. certain the application of bas-reliefs to ring at Persepolis, and in Egyptian, historical subjects being always suspiGreek, and Roman marbles, as a mode cious, according to the rule of Winckel of showing the principal personage, mann. Nestor, however, is presumed to though there are some exceptions. One occur upon a sardonyx in Siosch, adsi. of the attendants holds a leaf, supposed sing Patroclus : and subjects from llumer to be a fan, to drive off flies, &c. See Lambee. Comm. Bibl. Vind. Pierr. Gruv. No. 21. Bacchus and a Faun. Pal. Roy. i. p. 112.
Wbether it be a No. 22. Two Fauns, dic. between the Ceres lainenting Proserpine, or other Ampelus, the fuvourite of Bacchus. The similar subject, I will not decide.
crotala were usual in the Bacchic dance. No. 13. Minerva standing by a frag- Beger, &c. hare Fauns with crotala. ment of Medusa's head. The goddess had No. 23. Spring and Summer. A dog, just changed her bair into serpents. jumping up, is the symbol of one season; The Etruscan coeffure is very strongly wheat-ears and poppies, of the other. marked in the hair of Pallas, and the These symbols do not coincide with the whole bas-relief (as are others in this seasons upon the arch of Septimius room) is a fine specimen of the Etruscan Severus, or the coins of Caracaila, Come style.
modus, &c. The dog occurs in the Bar. No. 14. The bearded Bacchus, 8c. berini Seasons : but, I should prefer
No. 15. Heads of Mincrva and Winter and Summer according to the Jupiter. The birth of Minerva from the above authorities. brain of Jupiter, will occur to mind No. 24. Victory sacrificing « Bell as well as Minerva crowning Jupiter after before a candelabrum. It should be be had conquered the Titans, (Diod. ap. called Victoria Mithriaca, from resemTertull. de Corona, p. 124 ;) but the bas. blance to Mithras. There is a famous relief is imperfect.
gem on this subject in the duke of No. 16. Building the Argo. Here Devonshire's cabinet, by Sostratus, most we see, that the first masts were tempo. of whose works passed there froin the sary, and not fixed, as llomer says, collection of baron de Stosch, and this pussim.
among thein. The same subject occurs No. 17. Venus riding upon a Sea- in marble bas-reliefs at the tillas Borhorse. It should be distinctively styled ghese and Albani, the gallery of S. Ignathe Marine Venus. See Lippert, Dace cius, &c. See Big. Thes. Brandenb. t. tylioth. Mill. i. 1. 77. Similar occur in iii.
No. 25. Perseus cutting of the head No. 18. Victory pouring out a lilation of Medusa. Medusa's head is very fiat to Apollo Musagetes. The Victories and broad, and has no snakes. The pouring out libations are generally the decollation did not ensue till afier ber finest. There is a famous one in Stosch; hair was changed: and ugly heads of another on the Syracusan Mledallions; Medusa are almost entirely confined to and an equally fine specimen upon four the Etruscans. (See D'llancard. v. 4. of the best bas-reliels at the villa Albani. pl. 126, &c.) Apollo is completely draped, as were the No. 26. Victory sacrificing a Bull, as comedians and musicians, See Oo. before, in No. 24.
No. 27. A female Bacchunte offering close legs, the human figure is evidently - busket of figs to the goddess Pudicilia. Egyptian, or an imitation. The tail of If this marble be rightly appropriated, the quadruped is that of a sphinx. the subject is exceedingly rare.
No. 43. Cupids with festoons.* No. 28. Fauns gathering grapes into
No. 44. A Faun and Bacchunte, holdbaskets,
ing between them the infunt Bacchus in a No. 29. Repetition of No. 21. winnowing basket. The basket is like No. 30. Bacchus, Fuuns, &c.
the modern. No. S1. Fauns leaning over a vessel of No. 45. 46. Heads of Pan and Satyrs. aine, 8c. Modern artists should re- All the three head, reseinble each other, member, that the tails of Fauns are not It seems, that an inuenied nose was concontinuations of the os sucrum, but sidered, by this sculptor at least, an inparallel with the láps, as in all the Fauns dispensable characteristic of Pans and tiere.
Satyrs. Now the nose of the Pan and No. 32. A Trophy, and Cuplive se- Satyrs on the coins of Antigonus and the cured by a chain io a guard. This was Florentine gems, loin. i. pl. 86. n. 5, one method of ancient imprisonment. is Roman, or aquiline, as in most other S. Paul alludes to it. See Acts 12, 6. instances; the whole facc being a heSuet. Domit. 14. n. 7.
goat's head, humanized. This Pan is No. 33. Fauns gathering grapes.
according to the features a Silenus, and No. 34. Paris carrying off° Helen in the Satyrs have at least more of Fauns. & quadriga. Traces are presumed to be
No. 47. The Indian Bacchus received modern; but the present car resembles as a guest by Icarus. The Indian Bacin form those without poles, (whether chus very commonly occurs upon the forgotten, or omitted, because the cars Farnesian, Herculancan, and Hamiltowere drawn by traces?) engraved in nian vases, but attention must be paid to Winckelınann's Monum. "Antich. n. 134, the remarks of C. Caylus, Rec. pl. 4. n. and Caylus, v. 2.
1 and 2, about the similarity of the IndiNo. 35. Egyptian hieroglyphics. an and Egyptian Bacchus. No. 36. Tuo persons navigating the
No. 48. Fauns riding on Panthers, Nile, &c. &c. This is evidently a Roman dc. imitation of Egyptian works: a fashion
No. 49. A Bull and a Lion. The which became coinmon about the time hind parts of the bull, and the face of of Hadrian. The persons are probably the lion, are very badly done. lladrian, and his favourite Antinous. No. 50. A lighted Candelabrum com. In this bas-relief is a house in the modern posed entirely of a flower, on each side a fashion; as there is on the margin of the Priestess, holding up her robe. See famous figure of the Tiber.
No. 19. No. 37. Vase, with panther, thyrsus,
No. 51. Autumn and Winter. The &c. imperfect.
symbols are fruit, the ondoubted characNo. 38. The goddess Salus. “ Both teristic of autumn, and game carried by the hands are wanting; but from the
a staff across the shoulder, like the rabposition of the arms, it is apparent, that bit-sellers in London. The appropriathe figure beld a serpent in the right tion is proved to be correct by other hand, and a patera in the left." Thus instances; and La Chausse and Munte the Catalogue: the symbols apply to faucon (Antiq. expliq. ill. p. 2. b. 4. c. 5.) Hygeia, (see Perier and La Chausse) are probably mistaken in denominating whoin some writers make synonimous a figure, thus carrying game, a hunter. with Salus; but others distinguish her No. 52. Hygeia or Salus, feeding out from the Salus on coins.
of a patera, a serpent turned round the No.39. An Amphora.
trunk of a tree, from a branch of which No. 40. A Muse. It is Polyhymnia. are suspended two cast-off skins of the See Slosch, Vaill, n. 20. Pembr. Numism. p. i. pl. 7.
Qu. If it ought not to be Geni wirb No. 41. Amphora.
festoons. They are quite common upon No. 42. A bus-relief, representing a sarcophagi ; but in Stusch are no less than
300 Loves in different groupes, attitudes, &c. short naked human figure, with a long if many were not intended for Genii? no thick beurd, hulding in each hand the explications being found in mythology, slem of a plant. On ench side is seated a
† They are probably Taurus and L40, quadruped, whose head is that of an
part of the zodiacal signs, from their running kiderly man, and whose tail terminates in contrary directions; bas-reliefs of the in a slower, From the head-dress and zodiac being quite common,
594 Remarks upon the Townley Statues. [July 1, serpent. These statues are excessively brought into Egypt, but by the Ptolecommon, because votive, on account of mies, and that the Egyptians did not inconvalescence.
troduce bis image into the temples. No. 53. A Warrior consulting the The Fauns have feathered wings, in a oracle of Apollo.
cartouche form. The Etruscans only No. 54. A lighted Candelabrum, on allowed themselves to take liberties with each side of which is a Priestess, holding the feet of Fauus, (Pierr. Grut. Pal. up her robe, and carrying a patera on her Roy. i. p. 255. These bizar figures are head. I have been unable to find any very common, but are improperly denosimilar monument.
minated Fauns: the terin should be No. 55. Theseus slaying a Centaur. monsters. They are numerous in Stosch; A common subject. See Mus. Florent. and it is remarkable that they chiefly ii. pl. 39, n. 1. and Slosch, repeat- Jean to imaginary marine animals, as edly.
here in the tail of a Triton. Count CayNo. 56, 57, 58, repetitions of 18, lus ascribes them (Rec. ii. pl. 90) to we 23, 50.
caprice of the aruist. No. 59. Fauns treading out grapes in a No. 67. Fauns gathering grapes.
Presses occur upon the No. 68. Victory standing upon : coins of Bostra, in Arabia, and the plant, and supporting the branches with paintings of Herculanum: but as the her hands. The figure is commanding Fauns here stand band in hand, with the and fine, and there is much expression in knee of the one against that of the the face. The drapery highly merits other, I am inclined to ihink that they notice. The tree is probably a palm, trod out the juice here.
but this is by no means certain. In No. 60. Å Chariot-rure. In this bas. Stosch, she stands upon iwo joined hands, relief, we have the bands or thongs between which rises a wheat-ear. The wound round the waist, as in the chari. tree in this bas-relief, is the symbol pro. oteers of Fabretti: it being usual to fasten bably of some country, which by her the reins round the waist to leave the holding the branches was to derive be arms at liberty, though there has been nefit from union with the conquerors. some dispute about them. However, No. 69. Repetition of No. 33. these things, sometimes passing upon No. 70. Victory sacrificing a bull, as the shoulders, well show the costume of before. charioteers. In C. Caylus and Maillot, No. 71. A warrior riding at full speed, pl. xciii. f. 6,7, are other specimens of und cutting off the head of an Amazon, this costume.
whom he has cuvght by the hair. Natlei No. 65. Captires in a car, chained, las published a warrior pulling an Amaperso's holding the ends of the chains. zon from her horse by the hair of the See N .32.
head, the pella lying on the ground, as a N:.. 65 A head of Jupiter Ammon, Roman soldier dismounting a Numidian resting on a flower. The ends of the horseman. It is more probably Theseus fillets with which the head of Jupiser is capturing Antiope, the Amazonian crou ned, are held on each side by u. Fuun, queen: and this is perhaps the saine winged, the figure termina ing below in subject. This seizure of Amazons on folinge, which curls in such a manner as horseback by the hair, occurs ou a rase to give the figure the appcarunce of a belonging to the king of Naples, but reTriion. In Scosch, is a licad of Serapis cently brought to England. See the with the burns ot' Ammon, and also ano- plate in the Magasin Encyrlopedique, ther head of Serapis with the attributes Nov. 1809, p. iii. and the Collection de of Jupiter. Aminon, Apotlo, Neptune, Vuses peints, by Muissonneuve, 1.2. pl. and Esculapius, (Gemm t. ii. pl. 30. 25, 26, 27. It was probably usual. p. 70.) Serapis ad Isıs, also occur No. 72. Venus borne through the air together. Horus, seated upon the Lotus, upon a Swan. This bird was conseoccurs ir C. Cay! s, Ric. 1. i. p. 32, crated to Venus, and both ancient and and Monifuacon, Surpl. t. ii. pl. cxc. modern poets mention their otfice of copie Supposing the tha: 'bis figure is a Ju- Feving the mother of ide Lores. Boco piter Se: apis, it is necessary to observe, cacio (Geneal. Deor.) is very indelicale that all figures of Jupiter S rapis gie of upon the subject. It is not howerer a Jaier ages, and neither of ancient scuip- common representation of Venus. ture or Fugl work. This remark
No. 73. Cupid pressing Psyche in the accordo with Niacrobius, Suturn. l. i. c.7. form of a butterfly to his breast. Psyche, p. 179,) who says thai Serapis was not in the form of a butterfly, witb Cupid