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Religion, natural and revealed, to the Con. Microscope: the whole illustrated by colour. stitution and Course of Nature. By the Rev. ed figures, designed and executed from living Joseph Wilson, A.B. 45. 68.

specimens. By E. Donovan. Vol. XIV.

11. 118. The Natural History of British Insects; Mr. Crossfield desires us to state, that the together with the History of such Minute price of the Calendar of Flora, is 1s. 6d. ise Insects as require, Investigation by the stead of 3s. 6d.

NATURAL HISTORY.

REPORT OF DISEASES, Under the Care of the late Senior Physician of the Finsbury Dispensary, from the

20th of April to the 20th of May, 1810.

TH
THE alternate smiles and frowns of fire, instead of scattering with a carelese

our fitful and coquerish climate,' extravagance, the fuel which supports it. have recently appeared to produce in In cases likewise of confirmed pohysis, more than usual abundance, rheumatic, there can be little doubt that bleeding catarrhal, and the more strictly pulino- proves generally injurious, by the weakpary, affections,

ness which it aggravates or occasions. Two of the most important cases, in In instances even of hopeless consumpthe treatment of which the reporter has tion, it hastens the march of an inevitably been concerned during the last inonth, fatal malady, it hurries those steps which were instances of pleuritic inflammation. are unalterably pointed towards destrucPleurisy is one of the few diseases in tion. By no dexterous management of which bleeding is imperiously demanded; the reins, can we turn this disorder out of more especially when it occurs in the its course, but we may restrain, in some unimpaired constitution of early youth. degree, the rapidity of its progress, and Even at an age farther advanced, and cause it to move at a more leisurely and when the springs of life have been easy pace to the grave. somewhat worn, venesection may and Several recent cases have demonstrated, ought to be had recourse to, although or rather illustrated to the reporter, the in a more cautious and sparing manner. inexpediency of mothers who are sickly But in most of the other derangements and consumptive suckling their children. of the frame in which it is usual to em- Without considering whether the taiut or ploy the lancet, the writer of this article gern of any specific disease can be coming still adheres to an opinion which he has nicated through such a medium, there cau so repeatedly expressed, that it cannot be little doubt that the milk of a healthy fail to prove often a cause of the even cow is preferable to that which is secreted tual, soinetimes of the almost immediate, by the breast of an unhealthy woman. extinction of vitality. In the different in- Many female parents are apt in this terruplions, for instance, of nervous ener. way, to inflict upon themselves as well as

Yo which are exhibited in apoplectic their infant offspring, serious and irreand "aralytic paroxysms, the first thing parable inischief, from a mistakes sense which is generally thought of, is to open of maternal obligation. Violations of a vein; as if we should most effectually duty are sometimes not more injurious relieve actual exhaustion by substracting than erroneous conceptions, with regard the vital Avid, o" as if the best mode of to its dictates and its limits. restoring impaired cu suspended powers, The only other case which the rewere to have recourse so that evacuation porter means at present to notice, is which of all others seems best calculated that of an unfortunate man who because to produce the extreme of debility! The a victim to the disastrous issue ota vaimmediate adıninistration of irrandy, or riety of commercial speculations. The some other powerful stimulus, is, in same blow which deranged his affairs, the majority of such emergencies, more produced a disorder of his reason. His obviously indicated than depletion of finances and his faculties fell together. any kind, more especially of blood. To The phantoms of imagination ideed use a metaphor which has been almost survived, and seemed to hover over the worn out in the service of these reports, ashes of his understanding. The deusa we ought to blow the nearly extinguished of speculation, which had before misica

his mind, now possessed it entirely. In- such cases, we do not so much
His projecting spirit, which was always pity the insanity as the misfortune to
more than moderately intrepid in the which it owed ils birth. In better times
maniacal exaltation of his fancy, took it has been reinarked by professional
a still bolder and sublimer flight. Some writers, that it was not the unforeseen
of his schemes remiuded the reporter depressions, but the unexpected eleva-
of anyther madman, who planned, tions, of fortune, which most frequently
after draining ihe Mediterranean, to gave rise to mental aberration.
plant it with apple-trees, and establish May 21, 1810,

J. Reid. a cyder manufactory on the coast. Grenville-street, Brunswick-square,

STATE OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS IN MAY.

Containing official Papers and authentic Docunients.

SWEDEN

TURKEY.

circumstances, from returning to their own The late king of Sweden, Gustavus IV. countries. resides at Basle, in Switzerland.

FRANCE.

A French decree relative to American proA French army under General Marmont is perty in France, dated so far back as the 15th forming on the frontiers of Turkey; and it of March, was published on the 8th inslant. is reported at Vienna, that the Austrians are It orders that all American property under to take part against that empire. The avowed sequestration shall immediately be sold: ghat object of the projected coalition, is to com- all Americans shall depart without delay from pel the Porte to break off' ail connection with the French territory, under pain of being arEngland.

rested ; and that the decree shall be sent to Mr. Adair, the British ambassador at Con- the powers of the north for their adoption. stantinople, has addressed a letter to Mr. This measure was suggested by the act of Merry, the consul at Smyrna, in which he the American legislature, who some time ago says, that the French government had insisted , decreed, that all French and British ships enon the grand signior going to war with Eng. tering the ports and waters of the United land; but that the threats of France had States, should be liable to be sequestered. been disregarded, and every demand injurious

SPAIN AND PORTUGAL.
to our friendly relations with Turkey, re The late king of Spain, Charies IV. still
jected with indignation : that power being resides at Marseilles, with his spouse, the
determined to assert its independance to the queen of Etruria, and the prince of peace.
last, to adhere to its treaties, and, if neces. Dispatches have been received from lord
sary, to put forth its whole force to maintain Weilington, at Almeida. The brigades of
them.

Generals Hill, Payne, &c. were concentra-
ITALY,

ted on the Turon, and occupied Rio Seco,
On the 28th ult, was published at Rome St. Pedro, &c. The advanced corps under
an imperial decree, dated at Compiegne the General Hill being at Castie Bom, within
17th of the same month, according to which, about ten miles of the head-quarters of the
évery ecclesiastic, secular, or regular, in that enemy.
fcity, not being a native of the departments of The divisions of Regnier and Loison had
Rome or the Trasimene, was, within filteen rejoined the army of marshal Ney, which
days from the day of its publication, to withdraw about the 1st instant was reinforced by a
therefrom, and to repair to his native diocese. corps of 10,000 from Valladolid, and further
Natives of the two departments specified were succours were daily looked for. Lord Wel-
also to retire from the city to their respective lington's army was estimated at 60,000 men,
dioceses. All the secular priests resident at ot' whom 23,000 men were British. Loison
Rome were, within two days, to present was at San Felices on the 5th.
themselves hefore the director general of the
police, and to declare their names and places On the 16th of May The House of Com-
of nativity, and their intention of obeying mons, having resolved itself into a committee
the imperial decree. The superiors of con. of supply, the Chancellur of the Eschequer
vents were, within the same space, to deliver opened he budget by observing, that the ac.
in lists of the clergy under their superintend. counts then produced would not only afford
ance. Special provisions will be adopted as the best means of forming a correct judgment
to the Irish, Scotch, Sicilian, Maltese, Ar. how far the country was able to support its
menian, Greek, and Asiatic clergy; and all present burdens, but would be the best ang-
oshers wbo may be prevented, by politicaj wer to those who were accustomed to take

gloony

GREAT BRITAIN.

1:.

The navy

WAYS AND MEANS:

gloomy views of the financial situation of the not be properly called arrears, as the assesse country. It would be highly satisfactory ment for 1810 was to the 5th of April, which to know that such had been the produce of was only last month, and which sumn is now our revenues in that very year, when men of in the regular course of collection. Since great weight and authority in that house an 1804 there had been granted, on account of ticipated a failure, that instead of the deficit the property tax, 115,880.000! of which they apprehended, there had actually been a there had been received 107,411,478/ leaving very considerable increase.

a total arrear of 8,437,5?21. There could be The following is the general view of no reason to think that the receipts of the THE SUPPLY:

property tax in the present year, could fall

£19,258,000 short of 11,400,0001 and when he should The army, including army for

add to them the estimated amount of the other Ireland, and extraordinaries 20,307,000 war taxes, he thought he might fairly reckon The ordnance

4,111,000 on the whole amount of the war taxes for Miscellancous services

2,000,000 the year, at 19,400,000). The average proThe vote of credit

300,000 duce of the war taxes on customs during the Irish vote of credit

200,000 last three years had been 2,050,000/. tbat Subsidy to Sicily

400,000 should be taken at their projice in the preDitto to Portugal

980.000 sent year, added to the 11,400,0001, it would

form a total of above twenty millions. Total joint charge for the year 50,565,200 Ile now came to the assessed taxes. The Interest of exchequer bills 1,600,000 produice of these taxes the last year was Compensation to loyalty loan

6,459,0001. The amount of arrears last year, holders

18,000 in the assessed taxes, was not less than

600,000!. but the whole amount of such are Total

52,185,000

rears, at present out tanding, did not exceed Deduct proportion for Ireland 6,106,000. 300,000/. Making allowance for the arrears

collected within the last year, he should take Total for Great Britain £ 16,079,000 credit, on account of the assessed cases, for

He next proceeded to the ways and mcaos 5,860,0001. for meeting this supply.

The accounts on the table would shew the

committee, that the receipts under the nead of Annual duty on malt, offices, and

stamps, had amounted last year tu 3,193,000!. pensions

3,000,000 which was an increase above the receipts of Surplus already voted for the con

the preceding year of the sum of 1,230,907), solidated fund of 1809

2,661,602 This increase was, in some degree, owing a Surplus for the present year 4,400,000 well to the collection of arrears, as arising War taxes

19,500,000 subsequent to, and out of certain regulations Lottery

350,000 which have been adopted on his own sugges. Exchequer bills funded

8,311,600 tion in the year 1803, in the act for consolie Vote of credit

3,000,000 dating the duties on stamps. Loan

8,000,000 It might here be material for the satisfac

tion of the committee, to look to the state of Making a total of

£46,223,202 the trade, manufactures, and commerce of

the country. The official value of imports which exceeded the supply by £ 144,202. last year was 36,215,2091. The prosperous

Having stated to the house the total amount year of peace (1802), was only 31,419,318. of the grants, he made some observations on being an increase last year of nearly 5,000,000.. the different items. As to the war taxes, above the most prosperous year of peace. they had last year produced 29,707,000). The exports of British manufacture's last The produce of the tax upon property actu. year amounted to 35, 107,000). in 1802 they ally paid into the treasury in the last year were only26,993,199, being a difference of béo was 13,751,2331. of which sum the assessment tween 8 and 9,000,0001. in favour of last year, had only been 11,400,0001. The excess of After a few words from Mr. Huskisson, the receipts above the assessment of the year Mr. Rose, and Ms. Tierney, the usual resoWas 2,3,1,2331. It would not, however, lutions were agreed to. be reasonable to calculate upon so large a re.. The parties who had prepared lists for the ceipt in the present year, as the excess of the loan waited upon the Chancellor or the iso receipts above the assessment, consisted of chequer on the 16th. Mr. Perceval had proarrears which had been collected with great posed to give for every 100!. sterling 1301. in activity and success. There was no arrears the reduced 3 per cents, the rest in 3 per sent, due now of a later date than 1807, and the consols. and the party willing to take the arrears which now appeared to be due were smallest quantity of that stock to have the as follow :-For 1807, the arrears loan. The sum wanted is eight miilions for 409,9234. ; for 1308, 530,368. ; for 1809, England, and four for Ireland. --Two of the 1,540,750%; and for the present year, lists, Guldsmid and Co. and Baring and Co. 16,241,403!. This last sum, however, could having made a similar, oficsy. were declared

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to be the contractors. The following were contained in that address, imputing to the the biddings:

great body of their fellow-citizens, in comGoldsmid, Son &

mon-hall legally assembled, motives and deNoxon, Bxing, £ S. d.

signs to " villity and degrade the legislature;" 1. J. Angerstein, 10 7 6 3 per ct. con. to “ alienate the affections of the people from Bartye, Aylon,

the government;" to " produce contempt and Ellis.

distrust of the House of Commons;" to Barnes, Steers and

“ introduce anarchy;" and to " subvert the }19 180 Ditto Ricardo

constitution;" are false assertiens, origina.

ting with individuals who derive influence 13 10 0 Diito and Co.

and emolument from the heavy burthens of On the 21st Mr. Brand brought forward the people. his motion relative to parliamentary reforin..

4. Resolved - That amongst the names He adopted the course followed by Mr. Pitt of those annexed to that address, appear the in 1782, and merely moved for a committee signatures of contractors, commissioners, and to enquire into the state of the representation collectors of taxes ; of placemen and place. in parliament. The plan which he recom hunters, with a long list of their agents, and menas is to dis'ranchise the rotten boroughs, clerks of their dependants, emissaries of miand transfer an equal number of members to nions. populous towns which have at present no re

5. Resolved-That it is undeniable that presentatives, giving the right of voting in power, influence, threats, and delusions, cowns to all householders paying taxes, and have been employed, to prevail upon many in counties to copy holders as well as free to concur in the said address. holders; limiting the duration of parliaments 6. Resolved - That whilst we disclaim to three years; altering the mode of elections any imputation against the motives of several, so that the votes shall be collected in districts; who, by gross misrepresentations, by arts of and reducing the number of placemen and the basest kind, or by downright intimidapensioners who have seats in the House of tion, have been conspelled to lerd their sig. Commons. After a long debate, the motion natures to the said address, it is to us a source was negatived by a majority of 234 to 115. of high consolation, that the address carries

within it its own refutation, consisting only On the 21st, a nutrcrous meeting of the livery of London was held at Guildhall, nies, which those who have propagated them

of allegations unsubstantiated, and of calumto consider of the rejection of their late

must know to be groundless. petition to the flouse of Commons. Mr.

7. Resolved – That the said address apFavell moved a string of resolutions, pears to have for its real object the excitedrawn up in as violeut language as any ment of civil dissention, the increase of pub. of their precursors, reflecting on the lic abuses, and the further and fuller particiHouse of Commons, and on the counter pation in the wages of corruption ty many of declaration of the livery, signed at the those who have signed it, and who, taking London Tavern, in the most opprobious advantage of the present unhappy contest beterms; which was eloquently seconded tween arbitrary privilege and constitutional by Mr. Waithunan, and others.

A new

freedom, have endeavored to confuse and disa

tract the public mind, for the support and petition, corresponding with the resolu

continuance in place of a corrupt, weak, and tions, was read to the livery for their

wicked administration. concurrence, which was assented to with

8. Resolved uhanimously-Tliat in the great acclamations, and ordered to be

years 1679 and 1680, under the intamous gopresented to the House of Commons by

vernment of Charles the Second, the city of Mr. Alderman Combe.

London, and other parts of the country, peti1. Resolved–That the rejection of the tioned the king for the redress of grievances, House of Commons of our late humble ad. and the sitting of Parliaments. : hat various dress, petition, and remonstrance, appears to counter-peticions were presented to his majes. a violation of our constitutional and in

ty, expressive of their abhorrence of the said disputable right to state our complaints and petitioning, as turrultuous and seditious, and grievances, and to call for reliet and redress. encroaching on the royal prerogative. That

2. Resolvej--That such rejection is an on the 21st of October, 1080, the Parliament addicional proof of the shameful inadequacy met, and its first acts were 10 expel abhorrors, of the representation of the people in the and to pass a vote, “ That it is, and ever hath Commons House of Parliament ; and more been, the undoubted right of the subject to -forcibly demonstrates the necessity of a speedy petition the king for the calling of Parliaand substantial reform in that hon, house. ments and redressing grievances; that to tra

3. Resolved-That we have viewed with duce such petitioning as a vio ation of duty, mixed sentiments of indignation, concern, and to represent it to his majesty as tumul. and pity, the address of certain persons sty. tuous and seditious, is to betray the liberty of Jing themselves “an adjourned meeting of the subject, and contribute to the design of livery men, held at the London Tavern, the subverting the ancient legal constitution of 4th day of May," inasmuch as the statements the kingdom; and they appointed a committee

Us

* to inquire after all those who have offended to the design of subverting the ancient legal against those rights, and accordingly expelled constitution of the kingdom.” That as the several of its members, and petitioned his corrupt participators in public abuse, under majesty to remove others from places of the mask of loyaity, subverted the liberties of trust." That on the 29th of October, 1600, the kingdomn, and involved James the Second the Commons voted “ That Sir F. Withers, in ruin, so the corrupt and unprincipled of the by promoting and presenting to his majesty an present day, under the same lezal pretence, address, expressing an abhorrence to petition would involve the country and sovereiga in his majesty for the calling and sitting of Pas- similar difficulties, if suffered to persist. Ic liament, hath betrayed the undoubted rights therefore becomes imperious duty of every of the subjects of England; and that the said seal friend to the country to resist their milSir F. Waiheis be expelled the House for this chievous designe, by recurring to the genuise bigh crime." That for the exercise of the principles of the constitution, and by usin; undoubted right of petitioning, tbe city char- every legal means for obtaining a full, fair

, ters were seized by a quo warranto; and it and free, represcotation of the people in Parwas argued for the city by Sir George Freby, liament. then recorder, “ That the constitution and 10. Resolved-That inseparably attached the law of the land had given to the subject to our glorious constitution, we admire, ventthe sight of petitioning, and of access to the rate, and will support and defend oor king, supreme governor, to represent to him their

our lords, and our compions, in their re. grievances, and to pray a redress of them; spective and collective capacities, with all and that the same law gave them also a right their just prerogatives, rights, and privileges; to stale in their petitions those facts and rea but we can never consent to grant separative sons which caused their grievances, provided ly to king, lords, or commons, a power conthose facts were true.” And furiher, “ That trary to, and above, the laws of the land, as there was one part of the constitution which which are and must continue to be the results gave the king power to prorogue, so there was of their collective wisdom and authority, another part of the constitution that gave the 11. Resolved - That notwithstanding the subject an original right to petition for re- rejection of our late petition, we still feel it dress of grievances ; and that therefore to pu. our duiy to give to the House of Commons nish a man for shewing in his petition those every opportunty of hearing and redressing grievances which he desires to be redressed, the grievances of the people, and that a and the causes of them, was the same thing as humble address, petition, and remonstrant, to deny him the right of petitioning; and be presented to that houorable House. that such denial would infer oppression and 12. Resolved-That the said pe ition be the most abject slavery; for, when subjects fairly transcribed, and signed by the Lord are misused and grieved, and are denied the Mayor, the Aldermen, and ten Livery nea, liberty to complain, and pray the king to re and presented to the House oi Conmo is by dress those grievances, or shall be punished H. C. Combe, esq. one of their reprto for petitioning against them, they must ne Sentatives cessarily be abject slaves."

13. Resolved-That the thanks of the 9. Resolved That these arguments having Common Hall be given to the Right Has. been overruled by venal judges, judgment Lord Erskine, Sir Samuel Romilly, knt. M.P. was obtained against the city ; the abhorrors and Samuel Whitbread, esq. M.P. for their for a time triumphed; the liberties of the peo. able, constitutioral, and independent conduct ple, with the right of petitioning, was sui) on all occasions, particularly for the stard yerted; and the succeeding monach, in con. they have lately made in favor of the domisequence thereof, driven from his throne and nion of the law, against atbitrary discretica dominions. At the revolution of 1688, in and undefined privilege. the Bill of Rights, “ the undoubted right of 14. Resulved-Thac che thanks of this Hall the subjec: to petition" was, among other be given to Hervey Christian Combe, esg. things, “ claimed, demanded, and insisted alderman, and one of the representatives of dpon.” This right has been of late again in, this city in Parliament, for his support, in the vaded, the people oppressed with unprocedent. House of Commons, of the right of cbe livery ed grievances and calamities, have been de to petition the House, and for his general nied access to the sovereign, their petitions conduct in the House. bave been rejected by the House of Commons, 15. Resolved-That the thanks of this and their grievances remain unheard and un Hall be given to the Right Hon. the Lord redressed. The exploded doctrine of passive Mayor, for his readiness in calling this Hall, obedience bas been revived in all its extrava. and for his independent and honorable congance; and a new race of abhorrors have sprung duct in discharging the duties of his office. up, who, like the abhorrors in the days of 16. Resolved-Tbat the thanks of this Charles the Second, by the foulest calumnies, Hall be given to Matthew Wood, esn. ope by villifying and traducing the petitions of of the sheriffs of this city, for the indepen. the people, are (in the emphatic language of dent manner in which he has always disthe ihen House of Commons) “ betraying charged the duties of his office. the liberties of the subject, and contributing

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