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Hughes James Fletcher, Wigmore ftreet, bookseller,
head Court Grace.hurch street, merchants,
nare merchant. May 8
Garon, echiners April 17
drapers May 12
Chant, ay 12
chandier. April 14
don, Copthall court, mrchants. Marchi
Apt 16. May 7
ve pool, merchan', April 27
chant, April 17
chandler, May 5
houseman, April 14
Prein Margaret and John, Thorney. Arect, Bloumsbury
caach makers, May 11
tavern keeper, Way
facturer, April 28
vidualler, June 23
mutin inanufacturers may in
fura ce broker. Mays
terer April 16
Suity, builder. April 24
INCIDENTS, MARRIAGES, AND DEATUS, IN AND NEAR LONDON :
With Biographical Memoirs of distinguished Characters recently deceased, THE Royal Naval Asylum, at Greenwich, At St. Mary-le bonne, Frederic Leman
is expected to be finished in the course of the Rogers, esq. second son of the late Sir Frederic present year; the back front, towards the R. bart. to Sophia, daughter of the late Lieut.. park, is nearly completed, and has a beautiful Colonel Deare, of the Bengai establishment, appearance. It has been extended much far. The rev. Dr. Hall, master of Pembroke ther then was originally intended, and when College, Oxford, to Sarah Harriet, youngest finished, will have a fine effect, both froin daughter of the late Clurles William Cater, the park and hospital, which has likewise
esq. of Bath undergone many iniprovements larely. Ic Al Clerkenwell, Willian Persifull, esq. is in contemplation to build all offices and to Miss Alice Williams. houses for the civil officers outside the walls, At St Luke's, R. Burton, esq. of Market eastward of the building, in order to admit a Harborough, Leicestershire, to Mrs. Hewlect, greater number of seamen on the establish. of Bunhill-row. ment.
At St. Pancras, John Martin Leake, jun. MARRIED.
esq. to Mrs Lacy, widow of Captain L. of Edward Collins, esu captain in the 21st the corps of engineers. light dragoons, to Margaret, only daughter of At St. Andrew's, Holborn, Edward Barber, the late W. Wood, esq. of Charlotte-street, esq. of Barston, Warwickshire, to Jane, eldest Fitzroy square.
daughter of Mr. Yorke, of New Ormonde At St. George's, Hanover-square, Charles Milis, esq. M.P. for Warwick, to Miss At St. George's Church, Bloomsbury, Digby, daughter of the late Hon. Wriothesley James Lyon, esq. of Leadenhall-street, to D.esq. of Moreden, Warwickshise.-Colonel Miss Ikin, of Woburn.place, Russel-square.. Stafford, to Miss Spencer.
At Si, George the Martyr, Queen square,
Thomas R. esq.
(May 1, the rev. Edward William Grinfield, A.M. of Speki, wife of Peter S. esq. president of the Lincoln College, Oxford, to Mary Ann, only
Board of Trade, Calcutta.
of the Antigua.
In Upper Wimpole-street, in the 79th
At Hampton Court, the Hon. George Ca. Mss. Cobb, wife of T. Cobb, esq. banker,
At Hackney, Mrs. Stuck, relict of the rev.
In Harley-street, the infant daughter of
In Queen Anne street West, William Sa. sey. At Bromley, Joseph Corsbie, efq. of Sien.
muel Towers, esq. 52. ton, Suffolk, lu Miss Adam, sister of John
In Great St. Mary-le-bone-street, aged 74,
At his scat, near Teddington, Jane Seepo
afterwards, in several parliaments, for Sande In Wimpole-street, S.pbia, eldest daughter wich. of General Morse.
In Berners-street, Sir William Bensley, bart. In thic Strand, Janses Epbraim Luke Nealson, so created in 1771. esq.
(Further particulars of sbe late Caleb Wbite1o Southanıpton-street, Bloomsbury, Paul fourd, whose deurb is onnounced as p. 286, of our Pricketi, esq. 81.
last Number. Ata very early age he was placed In Portinan-street, Lody Langbam, relict under the tuition of Mr. Mundel, then a of sir James L. bart.
distinguished teacher in the capital of Scoi Mr. Robert Baldwin, many years an emi- land, at whose seminary he soon eclipsed all print bookselier in Paternoster-row, 72. his school-fellows, by his rapid progress in the
In St. James's-square, the infant son of Latin tongue, and other branches of education, Lord Grantham.
which he completed at the university of Lady Elwisierb Villiers, sister of the earl of Edinburgh, the alma mater of so many eminent Jersey.
literary characters. This uncomason pronIn George-street, Hanover-square, anis- ciency in classical knowledge induc:d his father Guntess Carleton.
to breed him up for the church ; but to the Frances Martba, daughter of the right clerical profession be entertained such strong hon vurable Richard Ryder.
objections that the colonel was obliged to reAt Greenwich, Robert Maillaud, esq. 66. linquish his intentions, and to send him to At Hampstead, C. Srcers, esq.
London, where he was placed in the countingAt Enficid, Mrs. Jones, relict of Thomas house of his friend, Mr. Archibald Siewart, J.esq.
an eminent wine merchant in York Buildings, In Gray's Inn, William Barton Beswick, esq. where young Caleb remained about four years, * At Hackney, the rev. Juba Kiddel, tutor and then went over to France, and staid there at the late Homerton academy, 90.
ncar two years more, until he became of age. In George street, Portman square, Mrs. While he sçmained in Mr, Stewart's count:
ing-house, his father had died at Galway, in Mr. Strahan, the king's printor, one of JobaIreland, colonel of the 5th regiment of foot, son's most intimate and most usetul friends. bequeathing the principal part of his fortune The doctor soon after produced his celebrated to him and his daughter, Mrs. Smith. With publication, entitled The False Alarm; bong this patrimony, on the expiration of his mino- which he gained both money and reputatios. rity, he commenced business in Craven-street, At this period he had conceived a high opo in the Strand, in partnership with Mr. Thomas nion of Mr. Whitefoord's taste and political Brown, a gentleman universaily esteenied for influence, and often expressed his approbation his amiabie qualities and convivial disposition. of his essays and squibs, pronouncing then Mr. W. eariy in lite evinced a lively wit, superior even to those of Dean Switt. But combined with a certain peculiarity of humour, Mr. W.'s pen was not limited to prose com which rendered his company and conversation sitions ; his verses on various subjects, and desirable to the most celebrated beaux esprits on different occasions, possess equal spirit and of his time. Nor was it only in conversation point. It has been asserted that the fine arte that his talents were conspicuous. His essays
have such an affinity to each other, chat to were equally admired for novelty of idea, have a relish for one is to be susceptible of all correctness of style, and sprightliness of satire ; Whether this be generally true or not, we and to those we are in some measure indebted shall not here dispute, but content ourselva for the emancipation of our diurnal prints with observing that this combination is tee from that duliness which till then universally markably exemplified in Mr. W. who, in his pervaded them. Mr. Whitefoord having con- youth was at once a respectable proficient bacila ceived a great friendship for Mr. Henry in music and drawing: but other avocatioes Woodfall, sent his productions to the Public did not pernic him tu cultivate these to the Advertiser, which soon became the political extent which his genius was capable of accaiaarena where all the combatants engaged, and ing. Although prevented from reaching all the squibs of party were thrown. He practical excellence, he did not fail bowever turned and moulded the various topics of the to improve in taste; and his judgment as a day into all sorts of shapes; horse-races, play. connoisseur has frequently been appealed win bills, auctions, exhibitions, and female ado doubtful cases, when even artists have been ministracions, became the whimsical vehicles divided in their opinions. His collectiod of of his humour. The mirth excited by these, prints and pictures, chiefly of the Italian as well as by his Cross Readings, Ship News school, do honour to the possessor, both from Extraordinary, Errors of the Press, &c. pro. their nuniber and merit; but bis admiration duced many imitators; but they bave sel. has not, like that of some virtuosi, been condom equallerl, and never excelled, the ori. fined to che ancient masters, for many living ginal. The author was extremely careless of artists have experienced the benefit of his pao literary reputation. He amused himself in tronage and advice. Such acquirements nathe moments of conception and composition; turally pointed him out to the Society for the but afterwards paid no manner of attention to Encouragement of Arts, Maqufactures, and chose children of his brain : he left them ex. Commerce, as a proper person to preside in posed and deserted sur le pavè, till Almon and
the committee of fine arts, He was accord. Debrete took them up, and gave them an
ingly elected chairman, and executed che of. asylum in the Foundling Hospital for Wit, fice for several years with equal advantage to where at least a score may be found. The the institution, and credit to himself, until shafts of his ridicule were so happily directed he was chosen a vice-president, an honour against the petitions, remonstrances, and generally conferred on persons of elevated ranks grievances, of Wilkes, and other pseudo patriots alone. Nor was this the only distinction he of the day, as to attract the notice, and to
obtained. The Royal Societies of London and obtain the approbation, of administration. Mr. Edinburgh, the Society of Antiquaries, the W. had given a humourous history of peti. Philosophical Society of Philadelphia, and tions, from the frst petition of the peruke. tbe Arcadian Society of Rome, all admitted yakers to the king, praying him to wear a
him a member of their respective bodies, wig for the benefit of their trade; he then Few men have passed their time more agrese Look up the subject of more modern grievan. ably than Mr. W. for he lived in habits of ces and apprebensions, answered all these innmacy with some of the wisest and best grievances, and advertised for a new gricv. men of the age. In the list of his friends may ance! His success on this occasion was so be enumerated many dignitaries of the church, great, that he was requested by a person high more than one staresuan, and some of the in office to write a pamphlet on the subject of most eminent geniuses which our nation has the misunderstanding y bich subsisted vetwixo produced. Adam Smith used to say, that the this country and Spain, relative to the Falk. junto of wits and authors hated one another land Islands. That task, however, he de. hearsily, built that they all had a regård for clined; but recommended Doctor Samuel Mr. W. who, by his conciliacory manners, Johnson as the abiest and properest person kept them together, When any quarrel of whu could be selected for this purpose. Mr. disagreement occurred, he was accustomed to W. was accordingly authorized to negotiate invite the parties to call on him in Craven, this matter with the doctor, which he al length treet, to give them a very good dinner, and Leppily concluded in concert with the late drink a glass to reconciliation. Garrick and
Account of the late Henry Cavendish.
Foote had long been at variance, but Mr. W. Who scatter'd around wit and humoor 2! contrived to bring them to one of those conci
will, liatory dinners; and Mr. Garrick (who had Whose daily bon mors half a colunan might fill; much good-nature, and more generosity than A Scotchman from pride and from prejusies the world gave him credit for,) actually lent
free, Foote five tundred pounds to repair his thea- A scholar, but surely no pedant, was he. tre in the Haymarket. Mr. Wi's intimacy What a piry, alas ! that so lib'ral a mind with Dr. Franklin and Mr. Oswald, rendered
Shou'd so iong be to newspaper essays 600-him peculiarly eligible for the purpose of as
fin'd; sisting in treating for the restoration of peace
Who perhaps to the summit of science could with America. He was accordingly appointed secretary to the latter, who, having bailed Mr. Yet content if the table he “set in a roar;" Laur-ns from his confinement in the Tower,
Whose talents to fill any station were fit, and becom- his surety to the amount of fifty Yet happy if Woodfall confess'd him a wit. thousand pou ads, wis also judiciously selected as a man acceptable to the American com
Ye newspaper witlings ! ye pert scribbling
folks, missioners, with whom, on the 30th of No. vember, 1782, they concluded and signed pre.
Who copied his squibs and re-echoed his Jiminary a:ticles, declaratory of the independ
jokes ; ance of the United States; this being under
Ye tame imitators ! ye servile herd, come, stood by the belligerent powers as an indis
Still follow your master, and visit his toab; pensable busis, previously to their treating
To deck it bring with you festoons of the with England on the subject of a general pa
vine, eification. The articles were approved by
And copious libations bestow on his shrine; the people; and the nation hailed ihe return
Then strew all around it, you can do no less, of trinquillity with general gratulation. ANI
Cross readings, ship news, and mistakes of di ferences being thus happily settled with the United States of America, Mr. Oswald re
Merry Whitefoord, farewell ! for thy sake I turned to London, but Mr. Whitefoord re
admit, 'mained ar raris several mon hs longer with
That a Scot may have humour, I had almost
said wit :lord St. Helen's, (then Mr. Fitzherbert,) who was the minister charged to negotiate
This debt to thy mem'ry I cannot refuse, treaties of peace with France, Spain, and
Thou best humour'd man, with the worst Holland ; and it is a curious ciicumstance,
mour'd muse.') that three of the treaties above alluded to [Further particu'ars of Henry Cavendish, ea. are in the hand-writing of Mr. Whitefoord.
whose death is mentioned at p. 287, of os las These services were such as intitled him to
number. This gentleman was the son of the some recompence from government; but lord
late LordCharles Cavendish,great uncle to the Shelburne having resigned before Mr. W.'s present duke of Devonshire, and although not return from the continent, without making
much beard of in the common paths of life, any provision for him, he was obliged to
was well known and highly distinguished in profer his claim to the coalition administra. the scientific world. He had studies and tion, by which it was rejected; nor was it. rendered himself familiarly conversant with till seven years after, that a small pension was every part of sir Isaac Newton's philosophy; granted to him by his majesty, on the re- the principles of which he applied, near forty commendation of those in power. We can
years ago, to an investigation of the laws oa not pass over this transaction, without ob- which the phænomena of electricity depend. serving that calumny, which on that oc, asion Pursuing the same science, on the occasion of had been busy with other characters. never
Mr. Walsh's experiments with the torpedo, even insinuated a charge of maiversation against he gave a satisfactory expla ation of the rethe persons employed at Paris, in the great
markable powers of electrical fishes; pointing work of restoring tranquillity to Europe and
out that distinction between common and America. Mr. W. rather late in lite married aniinal electricity, which has since been a lady of the name of Sioney, by whom he amply confirmed by the brilliant discoveries has left four children. We cannot conclude in galvanism. Having, torned his attentioa without giving the character of this gentle- very early to pireumatic chemistry, be ascer. man, as deiineated by Dr. Goldsiuith, in his tained, in 1766, the -extreme levity of in well-known poem entitled Retaliation:
fiammable air, now called hydrogen gas. On *** Here Whitefoord reclines, and deny it who particularly that of aërial navigation, have
this discovery many curious experiments, and can,
been founded. In the same paths of science, Tho' he merrily liv'd, he is now “ a grave he made the inportant discovery of the come
position of water by the union of two airs; Rare compound of oldity, frolic, and fun, and that laid the foundation of the modera Who relished a joke, ai d rejoic'd in a pun; system of chemistry, which rests principally Whose temper was generous, open, sincere, on this fact, and that of the decomposition A stranger to flatt'ry, a stranger to fear.
of water, announced soon afterwards by M.
Lavoisier. As thë poricy of atmospherical digression, which might enable him to offer air had been a subject of controversy, Mr. a feeble tribute of respect to the memory of Cavcadish contrived essential improvements 80 great a man. Of all the philosophers of in the method of perivrming experiments the present age, Mr. Cavendish combined, in with an eudiometer; by means of which he the highese degree, a depth and extent of was the first wno shewed that the proportion mathematical knowledge with delicacy and of pure in the atmosphere is nearly the precision in the methods of experimental ree same in all open places. The other and search. It might be said of him, what caa much larger portion of our atinosphere he se. perhaps hardly be said of any other person, gaciously conjectured to be the basis of the that whatever he has done has been perfect ac acid of nitre; an opinion that he soon brought the moment of its production. His processes to the test, by an ingenious and laborious ex. were all of a finished nature ; executed by the periment, which completely proved its truth; hand of a master, they required no correction; whence this air has now very generally obo and though many of them were performed in tained the name of nitrogen. So many and the very infancy of chemical philosophy, yet such great discoveries spread his fame through their accuracy and their beauty have remained out Europe, and he was universally consi- unimpaired amidst the progress of discovery; dered as one of the first philosophers of the and their merits have been illustrated by age. Among the labours of his lacier days, discussion, and exalted by time. In general, is the nice and difficult experiment by which the most common motives which induce men he determined the mean density of the earth; to study are, the love of distinction, of glory an element of consequence in delicate calcu- in the desire of power; and we have no right lations oi astronomy, as well as in geological to ohject to motives of this kind : buc it ought inquiries. Even in the last year of his life, tu be mentioned in estimating the charactér at the advanced age of 77, he proposed and of Mr. Cavendish, that his grand stimulus to described improvements in the manner of die exertion was evidently the love of truth and vicing large astronomical instruments; which, of knowledge ; unambitious, unassuming, it though not yet executed, promise very great
was often with difficulty that he was persuaadvantages. Thuse pursuits, together with ded to bring forward bis important discoveries. reading of various kinds, by which he acqui. He disliked notoriety; he was, as it were, red a deep insight into almost every topic fearful of the voice of Fame. His labours of general knowledge, formed the whole oc. are recorded with the greatest dignity and cupation of his lite ; and were, in fact, his 'simplicity, and in the fewest possible words, sole amusement. The love of truth was suf. without parade or apology; and it seemed as scient to fill his mind. From bis attachment if in publication he was performing, not what to such uccupacions, and the constant resource was a duty to himself, but what was a duty he found in them, together wich a shyness
to the public. His life' was devoted to and aiffidence natural to his disposition, his science ; and his social honrs were passed habits isad, from early life, been secluded. amongst a few of his friends, principally His manners were mild, his mind firm, his members of the Royal Society. He was reDature benevoient and complaceni. He was served to strangers; but where he was fami. liberal, without being prufuse; and charita- lias, his conversation was lively, and full of ble, without ostentacion. He possessed great varied information. Upon all subjects of affluence, which was to him rather matter science he was luminous and profound; and of embarrassment chan of gratification ; but, in discussion wonderfully acute.
Even to however careless about its improvement, the very last week of his life, when he was he was regular as to its management and dis nearly 19, he retained his activity of body, rection. He was born October 10, 1731; and all his energy and sagacity of intellect. R:d his remains were interred in the family. He was warmly interested in all new subjecés vault in All Saints, Derby.-On Saturday, of science; and several times in the course of March 17, Mr. Professor Davy, in his lecture last year witnessed or assisted in seine experi. at the Royal Institution, introduced the fol. ments that were carried on in the Laboratory lowing character of Mr. Cavendish.-"About of the Royal Institution. Since the death of 1766, Mr Cavendish published his first pa- Newton (said Mr. Davy, if he might be pero pers on the subject of air. He examined, mitted to give an opinion), England has puse with more accurate instruments than Black, laines no scientific loss so great as that of the elastic fluid from the alkalies ; and hie Cavendish. But it is to be regretted less, ascertained that the same substance was pro. since, like his great predecessor, he died full duced Juring the com ustion of charcoal. He of years and ol glory. His name will be an perfected the pneumatic apparatus ; and soon object of more veneration in future ages chan discovered two new elastic fiuids, inflammable in the present moment; though it was une air and muriatic com air. Mr. Davy said, in known in the busy scenes of life, or in the the next lecture e sbouid exhibic so'ne ex. popular discussions of the day, it will remain periments of our illustrious countryman of illustrious in the annals of science, wbich later date, and or stiil biglier importance ; are as unperishable as that nature to which but he could not, on this uccasion, pass by they belong; it will be an immortal honour the circumstance of his recent loss without a to lois bouse, to his age, and co his country !". MONTHLY Mac. No. 198,