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Mr. Dyxock, of the gramniar-school Mr. Edward Driver is preparing a of Glasgow, bas in the press a new edi- complete map on six large streeis, of the tion of “ Decerpta ex P. Ovidii Nasonis manor of Lambeth, from actual admeaMetamorphoseon Libris," with notes at surement, made by order of the commiss the foot of the page, and a copious index sioners, under an act of inclosure passed of the proper names at the end of the in 1806, comprising a district seven volunc, for the use of schoois.

'miles in length, trum Westinmsier-bridge Mr. GEORGE SINGER's lectures on to Norwood Comoron. It will contain a Electro-Chemical Science, comune nice on complete delineati ni of cuery person's Thursday the 10th of May, at the Sci- cstale within the manor, distinguishing entific lusuluizon, No. 9, Price's.street, the freenoid from the copylwiu, alsu Cavendisto-square, and will continue on every house', yard, bundmg, and inclo. Monday and Thursday evenings, at eight sure, or each person's property, and their u'clock.

exact quantity, together with all the Mr. GEORGE CILLIERS has in the ailotinents, and als) the several parcels press, a new edition of his Estimule of of land which have been suld under the the Coinpaiative Strengths oi Great act. Britain, and of the Losses or her Trade, A General History and Survey of froin every war since the Revolution; London and Westmiyster, founded princorrected and continued to 1810. cipally on Strype's edition of Slow, with

The same gentleman is superintending introductions, notes, and suppleinents, a new edition of Natural and Political bringing the whole down to the present Observations and Conclusions upon the time, is in the press, in a royal quarto State and Condition of England, 1096, by volume, illustrated by numerous engraGregory King, esq. Lancaster-lierald, vings. to which he has annexed a life of the The Rev. Ralph Curton is superauthor.

intending the publication of the works Mr. CHALMERS is also preparing for of the Rev. Dr. TownSON, late archdeapublication, a Chronological Account of con of Richmond, to wbich will be prethe Commerce of England from the Re- fixed an account of the author, an introsturation to 1810, distinguishing the duction to the discourses on the gospels, years of war; on a board to hang up, or and a sermon on the quotations in the au a case for the pocket.

Old Testainent. . They will form two Early in May will be published, in octavo volumes. one voluine, octavo, the State of the A work will shortly appear in one Established Church, in Ten Letters volume quarto, under the title of Ex tu the Right Honourable Spencer Per- tracts froin the Diary of a Lover of ceval, with an appendix of official do. Literature. It will comprise a series of cuments relative thereto),

critical observations on eminent works, Mr. Doxovas has been for some time literary anecdotes and conversations, engaged in preparing a comprehensive remarks on distinguished characters, work on the Natural liistory of the British discussions of various metaphysical, poliIsles, on a popular as well as scientific tical, and religious topics, and nutes on plan.

different excursions through picturesque Mr. B. H. Smart, teacher of elocu- parts of this Island. tion, will speedily publish a Grammar of In order to confuse the idea that the English Pronunciation, compiled on a silk-weavers of this country cannot pronew plan, but on plain and recognized duce manufactures equal to the French, principles, which will supply a practical a society was formed some time ago, loeihod for the removal of a foreign or called the Flag Association, with a view provincial accent, vulgarisms, impedia to the production of such a specimen of ments, and other defects, of speech, and double brocade weaving as had never furnish pupils of all ages, particularly before been attempted. In consew those destined for public situations, with quence, there is now in the room a flag the means of acquiring that graceful iwo yards wide, the ground a rich crima, articulation upon wbich alone a superior son satin on both sides, and brocaded on delivery can be founded.

each side alike with appropriate culours Constance de Castile, a poem, from tastefully and elegantly shaded by the the peo of Mr. SOTHEBY, may shortly be artist. Upon its surface will appear expected to appear.

within an aval, a female figure, emble. Klozi TULY Mag, No. 198.



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Literary and Philosophical Intelligence. E.May 1, matic of the art of weaving, reclining, separately dropped into water.

Thie with pensive aspect on a remnant of true deposits oxyde of antiinuny, in a : brocade, lamenting the neglected state copious white congulumı; or, if the water

of this manufacture. Enterprise is has been previously tinged with sulptures represented raising her up and cheering of anmonia, io a fine orange precipitate. her drooping spirits, by shewing her a The spurious gives no precipitate in cornucopiæ, pouring forth its treasure, watcr; and in the other liquid, one of a symbol of the resources of Britain, and dark brown or olivc colour. A solution indicating that the wealth and liberality of the spurious in vinegar has a suce! of this nation are ever ready to support taste, together with the other properties Jaudable undertakings. Close to Enter of acetale of lead. A very small inis. prise, and beneath a representation of ture of it may be detected, by its de the all.secing eye of Divine Providence, basing, more or less, the bright orange Genius appears erect, pointing to a flag colour of the precipitate thrown down displaying the weavers' arms, placed by sulphuret of amwouia, from llie suiis. upon the temple of Fame. The corners sion in any acid. The samples of the of the flag will be adorned with emblems spurious hitherto detected, are of 3 of peace, industry, and commerce; and niuch thicker and clumsier cast than the an edging with a curions Egyptian bore genuine; but the appearance is not to der, will exiribit a combination of figures be trustid; and nu specimen sboald te and devices, indicative of the design for allowed to pass wiihout a trial, exher. which it was formed.

the specific gravity, or chemical pr. Mr. Luke HOWARD, of Plaistow, has perties. detected a criminal inposit10!), the A inedicinal spring has lately been knowledge of which cannot be too widely discovered in the park of sir Willian circulated, or its effects too carefully Parton, at Middleton Hall, near Llana guarded against. A very large quantity arthey, in Carmarthenshire. The wate: of glass of lead, has, by some means, of this spring, whose effect afford just found its way into the London market, ground of hope that it will occupy a disas glass of antimony. This iimposition is tinguished place among the British foussure to be discovered in the operation to tains of health, has been analyseri by which the latter is chiefly applied, the Mr. Accun, who found the gaseous making of emetic tartar; but it is highly contents in 100 parts to be: necessary for the consumers of smaller

Cek lect

Carbonic acid quantities, as in the vilrum cerutum, and


16:30 Abonosplieric air

+30 vinum antimonii, to be acquainted with the following distinctive characters of the two; that those who have bought the The solid contents in 100 parts are:

21 article within the last twelve or eighteen months, may assure themselves of its Carbonate of iron

525 being genuine. The public health, and Muriate of suda even the lives of many patients, may be Carbonate of lime

475 considered at stake on this occasion. Muriate of lime

3.25 Glass of antimony has a rich brown or Sulphate of lime

200) reddish colour, with the usual transparency of coloured glasses. The glass

21.95 of lead is of a deeper and duller colour Mr. G. CUMBERLAND, having found against the light, is much less trans- the wear of steel files rather expensive, parent, and even in some samples quite has been induced to seek a substitute opaque. The specific gravity of the for abrading hard bodies, and has discotrue, never exceeds 4:95; that of the vered that clay may be einployed for this spurious, is 6:95: or in round numbers purpose. Wet pieces of this substance, their comparative weights are as 5 to 7. folded up in maslin, cambric, or Irista Let twenty grains be rubbed fine in a liven, forced by the pressure of the hand glass mortar, adding half an ounce of into the interstices of the thrcatis en as good inuriatic acid. The true dissolves to receive a correct mould, and then well with an hepatic sinell; the solution is baked, form a new species of file, capaturbid, but has no sedinient. The spu- ble even of destroying steel, and very rious iurns the acid yellow, giving out an useful in cutting glass, polishing and oxyinuriatic odour, and leaves much se- rasping wood, ivory, and all sorts of dwnant Let a little of each solucion be melals.

A pound


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A pound of sugar-candy dissolved by therefore equal to 900 such candles. To teat, in a quantity of white-wine fall it requires three ewt, of coals, vavinegar, and evaporated to the measure lue at 6d. each cwt., 15. 6d.; coal for heatof one piot, during ivhuch operation as ing the retorts during the composition, auch garlic as possible is dissolved with 15.-llence, for 2s. 611. a quantity of light it, answers all the purposes of Godbold's is procurable from coal gas, which obtuina. vegetable baisan., and is probably the

ed from candles would cost about 101. salle micdicine,

But from the above charge for coal, we The following details, relative to the must deduct the whole expence of what coal-gas light, one of the greatest improve goes into the retort, for this acquires addimenis of which modern lines can boast, tional value by being charred, and is cagerare taken from an interesung Memoir ly bought up by the iron-founders. A read before the Pinilosopbical Society large quantity of car is also ohtained of Glasgow, by Mr. RICHARD Gil- in the condensing pit, as well as ammoLESPIE, by whose public spirit, and niacal liquor, from both of which con. at whose works, this great experiment of siderable returns may be reasonably exa permanently lighting an extensive manu- pocied. factory by gas, was first undertaken in A new species of fiorin grass has becn Scotland. The apparatus, made by discovered at Llarlain, in North Wales, Bolion and Watt, was fitted up at by Dr. l'ring, which promises the most Anderstop the laiter end of last summer, important advantages to the agriculturist. and Mr. Gillespie's works were illuwunated It is of the most luxuriant growth, and in thisinantier at the beginning of Novem- calculated to produce green food during ber, Since that time some great inprove the four winter months. One of the ments have been made; and the whole roots, transplanted by Dr. Pring, containnow constilutes a very pleasing exhibition. ed 27 stalks, six feet in height, and bear

-Two iron rccorts, of a semi-cylindrical ing 277 ramifications. form, each capable of containing about The subjecis for the prizes given by the one cnt, of coal, yield at every charge representatives of the university of 750 cubic feet of gas, whiclı, alter being Cambridge for the present year, are. wa led, so as to deprive it of assy disagree- For the sen or bachelois, “Utrum ma. aile smell, is conducted into a large cu- jori prudentia, cloquentia, tortitudine, bical plate-iron gasometer, of a capacity patriæque amore, M.T. Cicero an Comes equal to 1120 cubic fect. The yas evolo Clarendonianus, teinporibus gravissimis, red by lhe regular process of carboniza- Rempublicani adininistrarit?” Middle tion, during the day, is here scored up bachelors, Utruin in optima Reipubfur use. From this magazine, which feats licæ forma instituenda, plus valeat inge. in a water cistern, a main pipe issues, niun an experientia." which afterwards branches into innumera. The two gold medals, given by the ble rainifications, some of them extending chancellor of the university of Cana several hundied feet underground; thence bridge, to tuo commencing bachelors of to emerge diffusing over a multitude of arts who acquit themselves the best in apartments, a kind of artificial day; so classical learning, are this year adjudiyed vivid is the illumination. The Name, to the second and seventh wranglers, viz. huwever, though exceedingly bright, is T. BLANDRETU, A. B. of Trinity college, very soti and steady, and free froin that and GEORGE HDSON A. B. (of Carliste) dizzling glare which has been so greatly fellow and tutor of Magdalen. complained of in the otherwise beautiful

A new method of ornamenting all kinds' light of the Aryand lamps. No trouble of glass in iiniration of engraving, &c. attends this made of illumination; the has recenly been discovered. By this occasional attendance of one man in the invention, the tedious and expensive progas-house, to charge the retorts, and cess of grinding by means of a machine mend the fire, being all that is nc- with wheels is exploded, and in lieu of it, cessary. On turning a stop-cock, any an additional surface or coating of glass, particular fame my be kindled in prepared for the purpose, is substituted; inediately, and no timining or snuffing is which, when subjected to a proper degree rcquired; - either are any sparks tivo:n of heat, will incorporate with the glass to off, as from a burning wick : 14 cubic le operated upon, so as to produce an feet of gas yield the same quantity of light effect similar to that which has hitherto as a moulded candle of six in the pound, been obtained by means of grinding. The which is found, on the average, to last 24 inventor bas taken out a patent for ilie Blours. The contents of the gasometerare claim.


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368 Literary and Philosophical Intelligence. (May 1,

In one of the late numbers of the shall be at liberty to view the same by Monthly Magazine, was inserted a obtaining an introduction from any subbrief notice respecting the Irish forin scriber to the botanic garden." grass, so highly recommended by the Rev. Dr. RICHARDSON, and which, M. DescRNIZILLES, sen. has described from the description given, is generally a method of making pichle of solets, supposed to be the agrostis siolonifera instead of syrup of vivleis, for a chemical of Linnæus. To this subject Mr. W. test, the latter being apt to spoil. It is SALISBURY, of the botanic garden, as follows:-On tbe petals of the violet, Sloane-street, invites the attention of slightly pressed into a small pewter mea. agriculturists:-"Ttake this opportunity, sure, pour double their weight of boiling says he, of stating, for the information water, and stir them together. Corer of all who feel interested in this plant, the measure and expose it for a few hours that I have grown the fiorin grass last to a heat somewhat greater than that of summer, as a specimen, among our col. a water-hath; after which, let the liquor lection of British gramina, and find the be strongly pressed out through a very two are very different from each other; clean linen cloth. Weigh the infusion but as all plants ditier in cultivation from accurately, and add to it one-third of its what they are in their wild state, and weight of common salt, stirring it till having never seen the Irish plant in its dissolved. Very fine white salt should native place, I shall not at present pro- be chosen for this purpose. In a small nounce if it is a different species or not; phial corked, this liquor will keep without but certainly the agrostis stolonifera is a alteration, even when exposed to the rays smaller-growing plant ju all respects, of the sun. He presumes that several which is evident on comparing the foliage, other blue flowers, as those of the iris, Bowers, and seeds; and although it is larkspur, &c. would afford a pickle of su:. not generally known by the above Lin- ficient sensibility. The latter, indeed, næan name, it will no doubt be recoy, he has tried with success. nised by many farmers under the appel- The same chemist has also pullished lation of common couch, scutch, quiich, some observations on the preservation or 0. sticth grass,* who well know it dues vegetables for distillation by salting. To not possess the many good qualities as- preserve rose-leaves, for example, he cribed to the fiorio grass. Whether all gives the following directions: Take the merits ascribed to the latter will be 4lbs. troy of rose-leaves, and pound found on its culture in this country, I do them two or three minutes with of Do know, or pretend to predict; but I their weight of common salt. The flowers a desirous the public should be con- bruised with the salt will soon give out vinced by actual experiment, and ccular their juice, and produce a paste of little demonstration, which they may have by bulk, which must be put into an earthen applying here during the spring and sum- vessel, or small cask, and proceed in the mer; as I have now planted a consi- same manner till you have filled it Stop derable quantity of the roots in different the vessel close, and keep it in a cool ways; of each kind, and also sown seeds place till wanted. This fragrant pasie of each; which bas been done, in you may distil at leisure, in a cominon great measure, at the desire of the board still, diluting it with about double its of agriculture, from whom I received the weight of pure water. This process is seeds and plants. To these will be given particularly applicable to those herbs, the a lair and equal chance, and any person

water of which, distilled by the common

inethod, will not keep. * I wish to observe, there are two kinds of grass that are known by the names of A literary institution denominated the Couch, &c.; which, although they are well Museum, lias lately been established at known to the botanist, are not so generally Frankfort, under de protection of the understoud by the farmer. The grass in ques- prince prinate. It is divided into four tion may be distinguished by its shoots run. ning on the surface of the soil, and rooting the sciences, literature, and objects of

classes, three of which are occupied by at every joint; from which circumstance there is great difficulty in extirpating it. The other kind of couch is the triticum repens,

A society of learned orientalists has which forms its long ruots below the soil, and lately been instituted at Vienna, under is, in all respects, equally noxious to the the patronage of Count WENCESLAUS Jand.'!

RZEWUSK!, They have circulated a very


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splendid prospectus (in German and in Syria, has discorered in the neighbourFrench) of the work which they intend to bood of the Red Sea, the ruins of the publishi, (in quarterly numbers) and ancient city of Dscherrasch, probably which, at the end of the year, will form the Gerasa of antiquity. He found rea foliu voluine of about three hundred mains of several public edifices, twy ampages. In the prospectus they make phitheatres, several palaces, a temple, very honourable mention of sir William &c. Jones and Sir William Ouseley, whose oriental collections appear to be in some In a late number we noticed the res measure the model of their intended cent disappearance of an island situated publication, which is to embrace every near the Cape of Good Hope, in consc. thing that can tend to illustrate eastern quence of an carthquake. The effects literatura; such as, 1. Languages. - of this phenomenon at Cape Town, aro 2. Eloquence and poetry.-3. History, detailed in the following letter from that palæography, and numismaticks.—4. Geo- place, begun to be written on December graphy, topography, and statisticks. 6, 1809, and continued at different 5. Philosophy, and ihe laws of jurispru- times :-On the 30th November, the dence and theology.-6. Mathematics, weather was unusually warm for $o early physics, natural luistory, and medicine. a period of the season, the thermometer 7. Bibliography and miscellaneous are varying in the shade from 86° to 920 with ticles. Particularly an account of what. a sky perfectly clear and but little wind. ever works shall have been published Thus it continued till the evening of the during the preceding quarter, relative to 3d, when a cool westerly breeze, attende oriental literature. The editors of this ed with a slight fog, came in from the sea. publication have the advantage of free On the 4th, at nine A.M. the fog still access to some of the public libraries at continued; thermometer 74o, barometer Constantinople—the imperial collection 290 80'. Io the middle of the day, the at Vienna che admirable manuscripts mountains of Hottentot Holland, in the of Count Wenceslaus Rzewuski, and south-east, were covered with fleecy other treasures of inestimable value. electric clouds, which are often observed The German title of the intended work at ibis time of the year. Several violent is Fundgruben des Orients, or Eastern gusts of wind, which raised the dust to a Mines; and communications are solicited considerable height in the air, were exe in the principal languages of Europe, perienced in Cape Town, the intervals French, English, Italian, &c. as well as between them being perfectly calı, The German and Latin. Schaumbours, at sky for the whole day, after twelve a Vienna, is the bookseller employed. nuon, except at Hottentot Holland, thirty

miles from Cape Town, was perfectly PIRANESI, the antiquary, lately pre. clear. Ai five P.M. a strong south-east sented to the viceroy of Italy an eagle, wind came on, unattended with time usual formerly belonging to one of the Roman cloud over Table Mountain, which lasted Jegions, dug up some time since at Rome. three or four hours. Al ten minutes

Morosi, the mechanician, of Milan, past ten, P.M. a very violent shock of an has invented an hydraulic machine, by earthquake was felt through the whole mcans of which, the workmen employed town, which was succeeded by two in coining, to give motion to the striking others equally tremendous; they couti. engine, are dispensed with; and this nued about twelve or fourteen secouds, operation, which formerly required eight and followed cach other at intervals of men, is now performed by a boy. about half a minute, attended with a

noise very different from thouder, but M. von HUMBOLDT has recently pre much loutler. The shocks proceeded in sented to the king of Prussra's cabinet the direcsion from south-east to nortli of minerals, the only lump of native pla- West, Between the hours of ren at night tipa that is known. He found it in 1800, of the 4th, and six in the morning of ile in the soap-manufactories of the town of 5th, about fourteen shocks were experiTaddo, in the province of Choco, in enced; and two or three more in the South America. This ingot is of the course of the day. Excepting the first size of a pigeon's egg; its absolute three, they were very slight; producing weight is 10,886 grains, and its specific no perceptible inution of the earth, but weight 16,037 grains.

reseinbling distant thunder.

The last

shock was at six A. M. this day (6th), but M, SEETZEN, in his tros:els through not stronger than the others. When the }





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