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Monthly Retrospect of the Fine Arts. [April 1, usual stature of females, according to some of the British artists. Grand the opinions of the ancients of their works have not been produced by the deities; her dress is light and elegant, etforts of this society; on the contrary, her face beautilul, and her whole form some of the greatest works of the Eng. lucid and shining. The figure of Mlen- lish school bave been returned on the tor is grand and imposing; bis drapery hands of the artists, and they have either broad and well casi, consisting of few declined exlibiting, or have turned their simple folos: the expression of his face hands to more fashionable, and conseprecisely that of the poet's descriptio!!

. quently more saleable, productions. This kelemachus's is that of an ardent youth is the cause of the prevalence of fancy struck with the graces of the beauteous works and cabinet-sized pictures in this goddess ; bis attitude and action be- exhibition, and the paucity of historical speaks bis meaning, and his doubt of her productions. The fault, however, does mortality: “O vous, qui que, vous soyez, not lie with the society so much as with mortelle ou déesse."- jez pitié de the public or the purchasers; the society Tros malheurs ; et si vous savez, ô deesse, ende.vour, collectively, tu produce hisce que les destinées ont fait pour sauver torical painters by premiuins; but, inou pour perdre Ulisse, daignez en in- dividually, they seein more anxious to struire son fils Télémaque." The land- model the English school of art after the scape, sea, and atier accessories of the Dutch than the Roman schools; yet, picture, are appropriate and well design- although this exhibition will not place ed, and the whole picture is altogether the British school in the highest class of worthy of the pencil of Westall. The art in the eye of the discriininating cria engraving is in a mixt manner of the tic, yet, in the class it does belong to, it stroke arid dot, and is beautifully execute ranks very high. ed; the drawing is correct, the faces and As is to be expected, many of the extremities delicately stippled, and the fo- pictures are from the last exhibition of liage, sea, and coarser draperies, forcibly the Royal Academy, and most of the Darked with the line; and there is a depth new historical ones are for the premiums and strength of colour and vigourous effect offered by the society, who, very proin this print that is seldom witnessed in perly, have not decided on the best preso large a one (the size of the Storm in vious to the exhibition; which prejudices llarvest) in this manner. Mr. Scriven, the public mind against the unsuccessful whose abilities in this line of art are fully pictures, whatever positive merit, when acknowledged, has seldom exerted his ta- removed from the competition, they may lents with such effect as in the print now possess. before us, and which deserves a place in

NORTII ROOM, WEST SIDE. every coliector's portfolio.

No. 1. An Elder Vestal attending ebe sacred Six Prints, illustrative of Marmion, a poetical

Fire. 7. F. Rigaud, R. d. Tule, by Walter Scott, esg. arawn by Richard A plain unaffected picture, possessing Westal, R. A. engraved by Charles Heath, few faults, and no provinent beauties. and published by John Sharpe, Piccadilly. Our limits this inonth do not admit of 2. Tłemi: mocles taking Refuge at the Court of Al

H. Corbould, an ample detail of the subjects of this interesting set of prints; they are designed

A creditable specimen of youthful abiin the usual tasteful manner of Westall; lity in the bigher walk of art; the drawand the engravings in the stroke or line ing academical and correct. manner by C. Ileath, are in the saine 3: Taking down from the Cross. Joseph Barncy. style of excellence that distinguish his

A bold attempt, and with some suc. other works. Exhibition of the Works of British Artists, plaerd 4. Samson breaking bis Bonds. G. F. Joseph.

in tbe Gallery of the British Institution for proFioring the Fine Arts in the United Kingdoma, but rather wanting in expression and

The drawing of this picture is good, for Exbibition aril S:le, Pall Mall, 1810.

force. This is the filth exhibition of this use{ul and patriotic society, and alihough

5. Tbe Evening Prayer. H. Singletone ji may le duuhted, whether they have A picture of a class which the old criJurwarded the fine arts of England or no, tics iermed conversation-pieces. Mr. it is certain they liave contributed to the Singleton's style of colouring is better comforts iud pecuniary renjuneration of adapted, from its ideal nature, to the

grand

meius.

cess.

ous.

grand than the familiar :- it is not suffici. treated with that fidelity to the story that ently natural.

makes au historical picture most valu7. The Pincb of Sruff. M. W. Sharp.

able; the grouping is the worst part of

the picture, the figures being too much A picture of the same class. The divided; the espression is natural and subject is a collation, with a lady singing affecting ; the drawing and costume faithand accompanying herself on the lute; ful and elegant; and the architectural an old man appears in an extacy of de

back-ground characteristic and well light, while a young man is waggishly of

painted. fering a boy a pinch of snuff, who is sneezing, and interrupting the performance. 57. Tbe Citizens of Calais delivering their Keys

to Edward III. W. Hilton. The story is, well told ; the costume (Spanish) forms richly: it is delicately This picture is of a very superior classi painted, and highly finished. The ar- and contains many excellencies : the exchitectural back-ground is well executed, pression of Edward and his queen, are but is not characteristic of the country or

historically true, but the king's attitude the scene.

is rather too theatrical; the humble pos9. A Herd attacked by Lions; one of the com.

tures of the citizens compose well for the partments of the shield of Acbilles. Hom. grouping, but are unfortunately not true:

there is much force and spirit in the liiad, book xvii. R Westall, R. A. This picture was in the last exhibition handling, and a feeling of true and ge

nuine coloring. of the Royal Academy; its merits therefore are before the public.

The co

61. Paulo and Francesco; from the Inferto of louriny is splendid, the composition

Dante. A. y. Oliver, A. R. A. grand, and the execution bold and vigor- The drawing and coloring of this pic

ture are not amiss, but the character is 32. The Assassination of Dentatus. B. R. Hay.

common place. don.

64. Tbemistocles taking refuge at the Court of

Admetus. H Sass. This picture was also noticed in the review of the last exhibition of the Royal There is much good coloring and cor Academy.-Vide Mon. Mag. for June, rect imagination in this picture thrown 1809.

away upon feeble drawing and incorreec 36. Cbrist blessing Little Children. H. Hozo- perspective; a little more study and atard, R. A.

tention, with some alteration that such a An excellent picture, combining truth revision would suggest, would make this a and simplicity.

good picture. (To be continued.)

INTELLIGENCE. 49. Henry ard Emme, $. Woodfurde, R. A.

The Royal Academy will open for the This picture, froin one of the most af- reception of original works of art for the fecting poems in the English language, is ensuing exhibition, on the 5th and 6th of treated with much natural expression; this month, and the exhibitiou will comthe colouring is good, the chiaroscuro mence on the 10th. Many fine pictures bold and vigorous; and the whole has a are in preparation; and report speaks fastrong sunny appearance, but rather too vorably of this approaching annual display hard and decisive: the tints should be of the talents of the British school. more broken.

Mr. Fuseli has just completed a course 52. The Deerb of Marmion. 7. Pocock.

of admirable lectures on the Principles There is a sober serious tone of colour and Practice of Printing, in the Royal over this picture that is not inappropriate attended, and received with that atten

Academy, which have been numerously to the subject; but there appears in it a

tion and applause, which most ever acwant of that study, without which no art

company the forcible doctrines of this ist can arrive beyond mediocrity.

powerful critic. 53. Acessis, the Wife of Admetus, brought from The Water Color Exhibition opens the

the lifernal Regions, arid restored 20 kim by beginning of May. As does also the Herckies. R Cook.

annual Exhibition of Works of Art at An excellent design, from one of the Edinburgh. most interesting taliles of antiquity, and

PATENTS

[ 272 )

(April 1,

PATENTS LATELY ENROLLED.

Theibuze che heat inore equally han

MR. JOHN MURRAY's and MR. ADAM AN- which comes through the plate about

DERSON'S (EDINBURGH), for a Portable three-eighths of an inch. On the inside Stove or Furnace.

of the liammer-spring there is a projecTHE object of this invention is to dis- tion one-fourth of an inch long, which

comes through a square hole in ihe place can be done by stoves now in common into a hole in the shank of the banimer, use. The stove may be manufactured and forces it to return to its jointing with from forged, or cast, or plate iron, and the pan, when the lock is brought to wait. it is so contrived as to avoid the unplea- cock. The cock is flat on the inside, and sant smells which are often produced by is barely one-tighth of an inch thick. It common stoves. It is moreover 50 con

passes between the plate and the hansstructed, that the air, it necessary, may mer when it comes down. The jaws be brought from the external atmosphere, project outwards to answer the hammer. so as to produce ventilation as well as A bulge is left (, the breast of the cock 'warmth. It consists of an upright circu- to render the fituing of the squares of i he Jár stove, such as may be seen in many tumbler more strong and periect. Wher churches and other public buildings, to the lock is struck down, the fimt comes which is attached a funnel, or chimney, in contact with the banmer-face, near for carrying off the smoke; there are the end, and forces it down sutticiently to also registers, ash-pit, grate, &c. as are admit the sparks into the pan. The inusual in such cases. But this is covered side of the pan is round, and the same with a case similar in shape to the origi- size from end to end. About one-third nal stove, only much larger, to leave a is cut out to receive part of the hammer. considerable space for the generation of The main-spring has a stud like others. hot air, which hot air may, by ineans of The end of the stud side is bevelled to pipes, be carried in any direction, so as fit under the end of the wib, by which it to give an equable warmth to the apart. is prevented from rising. The crane of ments into which they are conducted. A the tumbler bas a roller in the end, on stove of this construction is said to be which the main-spring acts. The bridle well adapted to the warming and ventila- has a strong leg on the inside, with a tion of churches, public rooms, balls, round stud, which fits into the plate stair-cases, and, by means of tubes con- near the scarnose, to prevent it from nected with it, any apartments of houses; twisting when the tumbler comes in conand it will also be useful in ventilating tact with the eye to stop the cock. The and heating ships and manufactories, sear acts on the tumbler in the usual drying different articles of manufacture, way, but the shank is nearly vertical ventilating mines, and for other pur- instead of horizontal.

The rear-spring poses.

acts on a shoulder, left on the outside of

the scar for that purpose, and forces the MR. JOHN MANTON'S (DOVER-STREET,) for Searnose to the tumbler. The pan of

un improved Lock for Guns and Pistols. this lock is primed from the touch-lule

This invention is explained by the by the compression of the air in loading. figures attached to the specification. The following are described as the The hammer acts downwards, and opens principal advantages derived from this that side of the pan nearest the cuck to luck: 1. The pan being solid with the admit the sparks of the prime. The plate at top, protects the prime from wet. hammer returning to its jointing fills up 2. The hammer opening downwards, and the opening in the pan, and it is furnished the fint acting in a direct line wiih che with a strong steel pan, fastened by a pan, the sparks communicate quicker to stud in the back, and a small screw the prime. 3. The hammer returns to through the lammer... At the end of the its jointing with the pan when the lock is hammer face, nearest the pan, is a small brought to half.cock without any andıragroure or nutch, sunk in the hammer to oual irouble to the user. 4. The lows carry off any wet that may come down ness and compactness of the lock altrupon it. The hanner is tixed to the gehier render it much less ditlicult to plate by the same screw that fastens the protect from wes, and much less liable haminer-spring on the inside.

Tlie to accidents by catching, in corer shoothole in the shank of the siammer being ing, than locks of the present construcscrewed, it curns on the lammer-springs tion,

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MR. GEORGE POCOCK'S (BRISTOL), for an spring or give way, and he causes the

invention of Geographical Slates for same to act by moving in close and very the construction of rups.

fair contact with a face of iron or steel, The invention consists in drawing and or other fit material, and he protrudes conducting the lines of latitude and lon, the flax to be cut through one or more gitude, or other material lines or projec- apertures in the said face; and in order tions, according to the kinds of maps more effectually to operi, divide, and required, on the substance commonly separate, the said vegetable fibres or known by the appellation ot'slates; which staple, and to render the same finer, bines shall serve as guides to learners of more soft, and flexible, than can with geography to sketch the relative situati- facility be effected in the usual methods ons of different parts and kingdoms of of working the long uncut fibres, or the world. Attached to the specificá- staple, he works them by pounding, tion is a drawing of the lines that are beating, bruising, stamping, or rolling; proper to be drawn and indented on a and also by steeping, macerating, digest. slate, for the scholar to prepare a map of ing, boiling, spreading, opening, expothe eastern and western hemispheres. sing, or bleaching. The flas being so Slates for forming maps of the several prepared, it is treated in the same way quarters of the world, or any parts of it, as cottou is usually treated in the manu. are to be prepared with appropriate lines facture thereof, and the flax is spun in according to the nature of the map re- the cotton-spinning engines. These quired. The method of drawing these methods are appiled to flax, silk, wool, lines, says the patentee,

u is to take a cotton, hemp, tow, and such other bodies thin plate of metal, or other suitable sub. as afford a fibre or staple fit to be spun stance, upon which I mark the longitu- and manufactured into price goods; and dinal lines of the globe, and cut out the according to the nature of the produce space desired between the two middle intended for the market, the materials ones, leaving the space ou each side are mixed, united, or combined, and solid. I then cut oul spaces between worked together in various proportions: the next two on each side, and so pro. and the operation of spinning tax, as thus ceed, leaving an alternate space solid described, is much facilitated by av ad. and open till I have finished one heinis- mixture of cotton, or of silk, or of wool; phere. This plate will then serve as a

and the fibres of flax are rendered fitter ruler or guide, by which the longitudinal for spinning, by subjocting the carded Lines may be drawn and indented on the material to strong pressure, willa or with. slate by a sharp-pointed tool, or other out the application of heat at the same proper instrument.”. The lines of lati- time, by means of presses, cylinders, or tude may be made in the same way by other instruments. Mr. Dumbell reanother plate cut out in a similar man

fabricates the said produce, and re-produces a new body, or material, from any

orber article composed of libres, and JOHN DUMBELL'S (WARRINGTON,) worn, cut, or divided into tatters, or for new Methods of Flar Spinning, Sc. fragments; and in such re-fabrication, he

Instead of preserving the vegetable cuts the produce into portions or shreds, fibres, or staple thereof, as long as posa or, if need be, into short pieces, and resible, and spinning the same in the usual duces the same to a loose staple fit for Inethod, Mr. Dumbell cuts them into spinning, by one or more of the mechasuch lengths as shall render them fit to nical operations described in his speci. be manufactured by the machinery now fication, or by such well-known methods used for spining cotton. The coinnon of ivechanical treatinent, as may be bet agricultural instrument called the chall- suited to the materials. cutter, he finds very well adapted to his purpose, but with some variations in the MR. JOUN JONES'S (BIRMINGHAM), for Thus he finds it necessary to

improvements in the munufacturing of support the flax by a thin stratum of Skelps for Fire-urus. straw, or rushes, or reeds: or be makes The principle of this invention consists the delivering parts of the containing in tbe inanufacturing iron skolps, by box, not af an'angular, but circular or rolling or otherwise making places of iron curveil form: or le 60 constricts the in a taper torm, sutticiently laige to be machine, that the cutting.stroke shall be divided into several of them, and so tha', made upwards and not downwards, as is when cut into skelps, the grain or fibres usually the case; or he makes the cutter of the iron may be drawn transversely in of extraordinary strength and thickness, every skelp, instead of longitudinally, as sin order that the edge thereof may out by the forge haminer, which is the pre

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274
Report of Diseases.

(April 1,
sent mode of manufacturing them. ting or dividing the plates into skelps of
The manner of performing the operation the form wanted, they may be cut or
is thus described and directed: “Take divided into strips about the width of
a šiab, or piece of iron, in a wedge-like, or the inuzzle, or fore end, of the skelp; in
other convenient fuim, the length of which case the plate must be formed
which must be in proportion to the length somewhat thicker on the thick side and
of the skelps required; and the weight, edge, in order to admit of the strips
according to the number of skelps de- being a little widened by a forge or tilt-
sired to be cut out of each plate leat hamner, or by any other means.
the slab, or piece of iron, to the usual Where it may not be convenient to roll
degree of heat observed in rolling plates the plate wide enough to form the skelps
of iron; then, with the conmon appa. i one length, it may be done in two or
ratus in general use for rolling plate iron, more parts, and joined in the welding of
form it into a plate thicker at one edge the barrel, or in the skelp form. The
and side than the other, which thickness barrels manufactured from these skelps, I
must be according to the sort of skelps find to be more clear, and more free from
wanted. The thick ediye and taper-like grays or flaws, which I conceive arises
form will be best produced by reducing from the great pressure and quickness of
the circumference of one end of one the heavy roilers upon the iron, in so
roller, or one end of each roller, a few hou a state, forcing the pure metallic
incles in the longitudinal direction of it, particles :o cohere more closely than can
or thein, according to the sort of skelps be effected by the partial strokes of the
wanted; or nearly the same ellect may tile-hammer upoc the iron less bot; and
be produced with a pair of rollers, of by the grain or fibres being, by this pro-
equal diameter throughout, by giving one cess, laid round, parallel with the edge
end of the upper roller more liberty than of the breech, they partake, in some
the other. The plate of iron is then to degree, of the nature of what are termed
be cut or divided into skelps, or strips twisted barrels, gain a considerable addi-
for skelps, longitudinally trom the thin to tion of strength, and consequently stand
the thick edge, or from the thick to the proof with less risque of bursting."
tbin edge. But to prevent waste in cut-

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REPORT OF DISEASES,
Under the Cure of the late Senior Physician of the l'insbury Dispenstiry, from the

20th of February to the 20th of March, 1810. HEUMATICaffections,more particu. Common as it is, nothing surely can be been very general. The weather of Febru- contempt, as it were, of our unsparing and ary, March, and April, is especially calcu- changeful climate, persons far advanced lated to generate this species of complaint. in the alarming symptoms of hectic, from Even a still further progress in the year, their own warm and comfortable habi when“ Winter lingers on the lap of May,” tations, to undergo the last struggles of will produce scarcely any apparent dimi- nature, in cheerless and ill' accommodated nution in the prevalence of rheumatism. lodgings on the coast, or at some fashionBut a disease of much graver aspect, and able watering-place. Victims already attended with more solenn consequen- about to sink under the pressure of an ces, not untrequently oves its birthi, as inexorable malady, ihey are urged from well as its mournful termination, to the the shelter of a domestic roof, not upon influence of the present season.

a mission of health, but upon a melanbe regarded as the seed time of consump- choly pilgrimage to a distant grave. These tion; and what originates in one spring, travellers to the tomb, cannot fail to be the suceeding will probably ripen, if precipitated in their descent to it, by ere intermediate care

be not taken to ertions thus iinposed upon them, su disa destroy its root, or to restrain its proportionate to the feebleness of their growili, into a full and faral maturity, frame, and by an unavoidable exposure, Tlevernal period, which is usually painted during their il-advised journey, to the by poets as luxuriant in delights, will be ungenial severity, or uncertain vicissitudes, found, in this country at least, to be far of atmospheric temperature. more abundantly productive of di-aster How few of such unhappy exiles from and disease..

home, are destined to retrace their steps ! The pihusical patient ought more par. -Vestigia nulla retrorsum. ticularly at this crisis of the year, to be March 25, 1810.

J. RETU. treated with all the delicacy and care Greuville-strept, Erunsuick-sguure.

It may

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