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portant: the poor people universally paid menibers not attending to form a board a fair rent for their land, supported them- before the adjournment, I thought it was selves through the two scarcities without my duty to write a letter to Mr. Pict, to the smallest assistance froin the parishes, that purport in which I conceived the and were commended by their employers board would have addressed him had it as the most industrious and moral of the assembled. I stated, froin ample inlabouring class. The pourraies in the forination, the deficiency of the late districts which this system pervaded, crop, which I conceived was much were from three-pence to one shilling greater than was supposed at that tiine, and sixpence in the pound; whereas in and earnestly recomincnded to hiin, to districts adjoining, but not under this take iminediate measures for the intromanagement, they were six, seven, and duction of rice from India. In March ten, times as much. I will venture to 1800, Lord Carrington was clected to assert, that had be board never per the presidency, and his lordship urged to formed any oider service to the public the minister the same measure. After than this single exertion, it would well much consideration on the subject, no have merited every stilling that was ever remedy occurred so certain, safe, and voted to it.

economical, for supplying the expected Their next exertion was on the subject deliciency, as the importation of a suffiof draining, The incoming

cient quantity of rice froin India; from which attended Mr. Elkington's practice some cause or other, however, the cri. in many considerable drainages, executed tical period for effectual encouragement on principles unknown, or but obscurely was suffered to pass by, and though a hinted ai by others, and practised by bounty on the iinportation was subse. none but limself, very justly attracted quently offered, the rice did not arrive the attention of the board. They pro- till after the abundant harvest of 1801. ceeded in tbis business as they had done The article, in consequence, became a in every other : they began bý procuring mere drug, and the government was all the information that was to be had; called upon to pay no less a sum than and being well satisfied of the importance three hundred and fifty thousand pounds, of the discovery, they recomine vided hiin to perform the parliamentary guarantee to the beneficence of parliament, who lo the importers. This is sufficient to voted to him one thousand pounds. But prove, that whether the board was atthis was not all: that man, so ingenious iended to or disregarded, its merit with on the spots demanding liis skill, was the public remained the same. Two astonishingly confused and obscure in millions and a half might have been explaining his ideas; lo such a degree, saved, had the board been listened to. indeed, that there was no slight danger On occasion of the first scarcity, the of his art dving with himn. To prevent board had ample reason to be convinced this, the board employed a person of of the great inportance of potatoes, as a skill and ingenuity (Mr. Johnston) to remedy for that deficiency under which take a considerable journey with Mr. the nation laboured. It was proposed Elkington, for the purpose of examining at one of their meetings, to offer a preon the spot the chief drainages which mium of one thousand pounds to the had beei ellected, and of having live person who should make the greatest principles duly explained. The under. exertions in that branch of cultivation; taking was very successful: Mr. Jubne but the sum being found too great for the Slon inade hinself master of the art, and finances of the board, the scheme dropreported it to the board in a creatise, ped, not however without some effect; which has been publisher for perpetua- for a newspaper erroneously reporting tiny a discovery that would have been that the board had actually made the dost, but for this well-iinagined precau- offer, occasioned exertions in various tion of the buard.

parts of the kingdoin, as we afterwards The deficiency of the crops in 1799, found, by applications trom individuals furnished the board with another opporo

for information relative to the mode of tunity of manifesiing their rigilance for reporting the experimevts; and the the public good. On my arrival in town, ineetings at that time were convinced, the beginning of Novemter in that year, that had such a premiumr been offered, I from the president (Lord Somerville) the effect of it would have been very not returned to England trom Portugal, considerable. whither he had gone for the recovery of

Another effort tending to the same his heal!; and a sufticione number of end, was that of offering premiuins in the MONTHLY Mag. No. 197. :

2 L


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Proceedings of Learned Societies. (April 1, year 1905, for encouraging the culture rity, and the consequences stich have of spring wheat: these were widely flowed from them; they describe the imclaimed, and, having been followed by plements of husbandry, and mark such many others since, bave proved that the as Mierit remcıal from 4 confined district article is well established in many dis- to a more ceneral application; they enter tricts,

into all the minutiæ of the cultiration of I come now to bring to your recol. arable land, and are equally attentive to lection, the method and success with the pasturage and meadows of the king. which this institution obeyed a requisi. dom; they give the particulars of woods cion froin the house of lords, to inquire and plantations; they enter largely into into, and to report, the means of breaks the detail of the waste-lands of the king. ing up certain portions of grass-land, as dom, their soil, climate, and value, the a remedy for scarcity, and laying them improvements which have been mat down again without injury to the pro- upon thein, and others of which they a: 2 prietors. The board deliberated with susceptible; they report upon the nicalis great attention upon this important ob- used for the improvement of all the va. ject, and determined, by offering consi- rious soils, whiciler hy draiony, iniga derable premiums, to call to its assistance tion, paring and burning, manuriny, or the information of practical men in every embanking; they describe the live-stock part of the kingdom. The plan of the kingdom, and the great improvetended with all the success that could be ments which have been made in that desired: three hundred and fifiy memoirs important department; they note the were sent in claim of the premiums; the price, and various other circumstances, best of them were printed at full length, respecting rural labour, the state of the and extracts from many others, forming poor, and the various efforts which have on the whole, a mass of full and complete been made for ameliorating their condiinformation, derived from the practice tion; and they give such particulars reand experience of men known to have laring to manufactures and commerce, as been highly successful in their agriculo connect them with rural economy. From tural exertions. No subject in the this detail, which does not however iowhole range of agriculture was ever so clude the whole of the inquiries directed fully elucidated. These memoirs further by the board, it must be suficiently ob contain much other incidental matter of vious, that these works must necessarily consirierable importance; and they have, lay such a foundation for a scientific in various parts of the kingdom, been knowledge in every branch of agriculsuccessfully acted upon. I coine now to ture, as cannot fail of diffusing a spirit the more active exertions of the board; of improvement through every part of in which the principal feature that de- the rcalm: this is their direct iendency; mands your attention, is the immense and if they should fail of effecting that undertaking of surveying fourscore pro. Object, it is not so much ihe fault of the vinces; that is to say, an empire, in works themselves, as of the neglect of which no district was to be omitied from those who do not sufficiently examine .the Land's End to the Orkneys. The them. It may be asserted with equal reports

which have been already printed, safety, that no inquirer into the facts on from among those written ones which which the science of political economy this measure produced, detail many par- ought to he founded, can neglect conticulars relating to the extent, soil, and sulting these works without manifesting climate, of each county; the rivers, na- an ignorance proportioned to such nervigations, roads, and whatever contri lect: in fact, they may be as useful 10 a bules w internal communication; the member of ihe legislature, as they ought tenures by which landed property is pose to be to a practical fariner; and I do not sessed and occupied, including the effect found this assertion on a reference to a of long and short leases: they describe few of the best of these productions, but those circuinstances which demand at. am justified in the opinion by a perusal tention in the buildings necessary to the of the worst. It must be in the recol. occupation of land; they note the pa;- lection of many menibers of the Imuse menis to which it is subjected in resit, of commons, ilat Mr. Pirt founder rithe, and paroclial taxex; hey give the many of his calcula:ions that were size of farins, and the consequences of brought forward in a budgci, on the inboth large and small occupations; they furination derived from one of these present a detail of enclosures, whether reports, bor private exertion or by public autho- That I do not cstimate this undertak.



ing, of surveying the whole kingdom, West Indies bas received vast benefits
100 highly, will appear from the eager- from the exertions of the board at home.
ness with which it was imitated in other He refutes some ridiculous prejudices
Countries. In France it was begun by conceived against the board on the sub-
the Directory, and finished under the jects of tithes, and of its surveys being sup-
imunediate orders of Buonaparté: in posed to be intended for furnishing new
Russia a beginning has been made, by a sources of taxation; and in the following
report for the province of Moscow, paragraph, notices particularly one, which
executed by one of the reporters originio might perhaps have been thought to rest
ally employed by this board, and in ihe on a better foundation:-
carrying on of which no expense has Another source of obloquy, wlich has
been spared. General Washington, in a pressed heavier perhaps than all the rest,
letter to the president, thus states his and especially in the minds of the inha-
opinion of the county reports: “I have bitants of this city, was the notion, that
read with pleasure and approbation the the board was the origin of all the en-
work wu patronize, so much to your deavours to bring cattle to market in an
own honour, and the utility of the public. uncommon degree of fatness. “I know
Such a general view of the agriculture in nothing you have done, but to bring
the several counties of Great Britain, is to market so fat that nobody
extremely interesting, and cannot fail can eat it," was an observation of a
of being very beneficial to the agricul- member of the house of commons.
tural concerns of your country, and to Many pamphlets, and at least forty
those of every other wherein they are newspapers, have shewn the same
read, and must entitle you to their lamentable ignorance. You, gentle-
warmest thanks for having set such a men, well know, that from the first jo.
plan on foot, and for prosecuting it with stitution to the present moment, the
the zeal and intelligence you do. I am beard has never offered a single premiuin
$0 much pleased with the plan and exe- før, nor given its sanction to, any one
cution myself, as to pray you to have the measure that had the most distant ten-
goodness to direct your bookseller to dency to such an effect. This porsuit
continue to forward them to me. Wben flowed into other channels, absolutely
the whole are received, I will promote, inconnected with the board; and there
as far as in me lies, the reprinting of them you left it, in my humble opinion, with
here. The accounts given to the British great prudence. In the premiuins you
board of agriculture, appear in general have ctiered, in the practices you lave
to be drawn up in a masterly manner, so

sanctioned (they have extended no as fully to

answer the expectations further than the two objects of soiling formed in the excellent plan which pro- cattle and working oxen), you had no duced them; affording at the same time other view than that of increasing the a fund of information, useful in political live-stock of the kingdom, and conse economny, and serviceable in all coun- quently the quantity of meat in the tries,"

market, without the sinallest attention to Mr. Young then specifics some of the the degree of its fatness. There is not a beneficial practices in husbandry, which, single measure that was ever adopted by from being confined to particular disa this board, from the original establish

or even to the operations of indi- ment to the present moment, that had viduals, have been brought into general not a direct tendency to increase the knowledge and adoption, by incans of common and wholesome food of the the printed agricultural reports. As lower classes of the people, and to instances of these be mentious warping; aineliorate their condition by every fogging certain descriptions of grass- means that human foresight could devise. lands; sowing winter-tares on had grass

Mc. Young concludes with observing: as a sure means of improving Upon the whole, there is no person who them; putting in all sorts of spring corn will give a serious consideration to the

any spring-ploughing, upon conduct of the board, but must be disa strong or wet soils; and the use of long posed to admit, that it is an institution fresh dung, in preference to that which which has deserved well of the public.

He adds also the clear illus. To the farmers of the kingdom, you have tration which they have given to the made no other return for their unounded advantages of drill husbandry; and suspicions than that which tows in a points out instances in which even the constant stream of benefits. You have agriculture of both she East and the nade kuown, for the interest of all, the




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268 Review of New Musical Publications. [April. 1, advantageous practices of a few; you well know how to draw wise conclusions have sought with unvarying anxiety the from the premises you have created, you means of their instruction; and thou have given repeated and convincing sands are enjoying at this moment the proofs: no advice offered by von has profit derived froin practices, the origin been acted upon without decided sueof which is to them unknown. The cess; none has been rejected without landlords of the kiugdon must be under the inischief coming in tuil relief to the equal obligations to an institution, whose eye of the politician: you would have uniform efforts tend to establish the spi. remedied one fornier scarcity, and you rit of improveinent in every district of would have absolutely presented ano. the empire. The lovers of science will ther; should a third affct the kingdom, rejoice w see, that the exertions of the and insufficient remedies be applied, board 'directly tend to give the same not a sliadow of blame can rest on this foundation to agricultural knowledge, instilution, which has pointed out those which so many other efforts of the human lines of condnet which experience has mind have long rested upon. That you proved to be effective.

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Twe've Songs, wirb an Accompaniment for the Six Italian Ariel's, with an Accompaniment fer

Piano forte or Harp. Composed and dedi. tbe Plano-forte. Composed and dea cated to cated io the Marquis of Huntly, by Jobn Ross,

the Chevalier la Cairea, by B. Asisli, cig, esq. of Aberdeen. 10s. 6d.

Composer and Music Director at the Roa!

Court of Mian.
HE talent, science, and variety, dis-

These arietts are written in a highils.

finished style. The ideas are every wisere to atract the attention of the lovers of good distinguished by their delicacy, paibos, or vocal composition. The melodies are in spirit, and the accompaniment is rich and general natural and smooth in 2heir con appropriate. The introductory recita. struction; and the accompaniment is cal

tions are forcibly impressing, and exbibit culated to heighten and enforce the effect. the modulation of a real master, The air beginning with “Supremely blest those hours of youth ;" “While many a The wild Glen wbere bideth my Love," a Glee, fond and blooming maid;" “O cease with for owo Soprongs and a Bass. Composed by soft soul-melting strain;"“Why dost thou I kn Clarke, Mus. Doc. Cantab. 11s. 6d. weep, () gentle lady?” are impressively

This glee, which is set a ballata, form. pathetic, and evince a feeling and taste not generally indulged to the heart and ing a harmonized ballad of two verses, is

perfectly simple in its construction, yet mind,

possesses much interest, while it evinces Trois Dues Concertants pour la Harp et le Piano- å taste in conception, and a judgment in

forte. Composé' er dedié à Lady Mildmsy, per expression, only found in the productions 1. L Dussek, esq. 75.

of the real master. The flat ninth at the

words "the dark turbid waters" is hapThis work is to appear in three num

pily appropriate; and the general senti. bers, the first of which is before us, and

ment of the poet is well cunsulied. contains one complete duo.

Mr Dussek withbolds none of his vivid imagina. Sft as the Silver ray that sleeps," (Crew Mction and brilliant execution from his Duos rano's Song in Ud./pho.) Composed by Decter Concertants. They appear in each of the

Jobs Clarke, of Cambridge. 5s. movements with a grace and a spirit bigla The melody Dr. Clarke has given to Jy favorable to their proudest powers. “Count Morano's song," has the merit lu a word, the passages are original, and of being perfectly analogous to the style conceived with viyor; while the union of of the words. The passages tow with a the two instruments is every where con- still smoothness that bespeaks great favor ducted with a shill and cunning, which in expression; and the piano forte accoun. must conciliate the scientific, aud delight pamment and symphonies are elegant the amateur,

and judicious.


thie tyru.


Vel cor piu non mi Sento." Sung by Signora As far as we are enabled to judge by the

Catalan , at the King's Tbeatre. Arranged merits of the sample before us, “Vive for the Piano furie, hy 1. Mazzingbi, esg. la Dance" will form a useful little work 2s.6d

for young practitioners on the instrument This celebrated air forms, hy Mr. Maz. for which it is intended. zingui's judicious treatment, an excellent suport for a piano-forte exercise. The Morgiana in I eland, a favorite Dance, arranged

as a Rondo for the Picino-forte, by I. Blewitt. ouriclions with which he has so ingenious

1s. 60.
ly curiched it, greatly enhance the value
of the publication (especially to practi-

The ease and simplicity of this arrangetioners), and set both the taste and skill fail to recommend it to the attention of

ment of a

Morgiana in Ireland,” will not of the composer in the fairest point of view,

those piano-forte practitioners whu have

not passed the earlier stages of executivo. A Selection of the most admired and original Ger. The passages are well turned, and every

mar. Walizes, never before ;uilished. Ampe-
ed for the Harp an. Piant jo-ie. Dedicated way calculated to improve the finger of
to the Princess Cbarlosie of i ales, by Edward
Fone:, Harp-Master and Eard to rbe Prince Tyrolese March and Rondo, for the Piano-fartea
of Wales. 75. 6d.

Composed by Mr. Holst.
These waltzes, which are forty-nine in This “Tyrolese march" is conceived
number, are selected with taste. They with spirit, and the rondo is founded ou
are, for the most part, short, sinple, and

a subject as pleasing as it is original. pleasing, and will well serve the purpose Simplicity of style and ease of execution which we should suppose Mr. Jones chief- appear to have been Mr. Holst's chief ly bad in view, that of agreeably leading ohjects; and these, it is no compliment the juvenile finger through the first stages to say, he has well attained. of practice.

The fourth, fifth, sixth, and seventh, Morgiana. Arranged as a Rondo for the Piano- numbers of the vocal works of Handel, forte. 1s 6d.

with a separate accompaniment for the This little rondo is arranged with tole- organ or piano-forte, have appeared since rable address. Its principal recommen.

we last noticed this elegant and useful dation however, will be the simplicity work, and continue to exbibit the spirit and ease of its style, wbich render it an

and liberality of the publishers, Messrs. eligible school exercise. Though short, Button and Whitaker, as well as the its subject givesfit interest; and the digrese John Clarke, of Carubridge. The fron

taste and judgment of the conductor, Dr. sive matter does not lead the ear astray. tispieces to Alerander's Feast, and the Number I. of Vive la Darce, a Selection of the Oratorio of Saul, are remarkably well

most admired Country Dances, arrangid as Jesigned, as well as finely execated: and Duotts for two Perfirmers on one Piano. forle. in an address to the subscribers attached By eminent Auctors. 25.

to the seventh number, the proprietors The present duett is arranged by Mr. promise a highly-finished engraving with Blewitt. The two parts lie well for the the Mfrssiah, from an exquisite original hands, and combine with good effect. Ecce Homo, by Carlo Dolci,

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The Use of ull New Prints, and Communication of Articles of Intelligence, fic. are

requested under COVER to the Care of the Publisher.
Telemacbus and Mentor discutered by Calypsa on

knee at her feet, in an attitude of awe the Shores of ber Island; painted by R. Wes. and veneratin. Mentor stands with tall, R. &. engraved by Edward Scriven, downcast eyes, as reflecting on the conbistorical engraver to their Royal Highnesses sequences of landing on the shores of this the Prince and Princess of Wales; and pub. dangerous goddess, and fearing the in. lished by Clay and Scriven, Ludgate-kill, fatuation of his youthfui charge. A disLondon.

tant rolling sea and cloudy horizon on N this picture Calypso is standing on one side, and the dashing surf on the troubled doubt; Telemachus is on one tion. Calypso is painted above the


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