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POLITICS.

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NATURAL HISTORY.

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VARIETIES

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(April 1,
VARIETIES, LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL.

Including Notices of Works in Hand, Domestic and Foreign.
Authentic Communications for this Article will always be thankfully received.

R. WILLIAM Muller, Lieutenant about sixty illuminated figures. The
and late First Public Teacher of the MHXANHMATSIN, which is followed
Military Sciences at the University of by several treatises on similar snbjects,
Gottingen, and author of several works by other writers. Concerning the first
on Military and Mathematical Sciences, author, Lempriere, in his Classical Dic-
published in Germany and France, bas tionary, says, "Athenius was a Koman
in the press a work entitled, the general, in the age of Gallienus, who is
Elements of the Art of War; containing supposed to liave written a book on
the established and approved modern military engines.” In Fabricii Bibli-
principles of the theory and practice of otheca Græca, vol. v. the title of this
inc military sciences, relating to the ar- book stands No. 143 in the catalogue of
rangement, organization, maintenance, Greek manuscripts belonging to the
and expences of an army; theoretical royal Neapolitan library. This manu-
and practical field, and permanent for- script is written in three different hands,
tifications, and theoretical and practical but all fair, and thus dated at the end :
tactics; together with logistics and cas. “ Finished on 7 May, 1545." But the
trametation, the strategie, or the dialec- characters at the beginning evidently
tics of war, and the conduct and manage- denote an antiquity of at least a century
ment of arnies, and military politics : il. anterior to that date; and it will doubi-
lustrated by notices of the most famous less occur to the recollection of the
battles, the most remarkable sieges, learned, that the late Porson pronounced
and other celebrated and memorable ope Greek manuscripts of that age to be
rations; and about One Hundred Maps equal to Latin works of the ninth cen-
and Plans. In three volumes. Dedicated tury. On the first page is written, in
by special permission to his Majesty. more modern Greek, “This present
This work will be particularly distin- book belongs to the God-trodden inoun-
guished, by being a complete Cyclopedia tain Sinai.” The sum for which it was
of the Art of War, and all sciences relating soid was sixty-one guineas.
to it; as well as by numerous abstracts The Rev. WILLIAM BOWDWEN pro-
from foreign and English works on poses publishing by subscription, in ten
thesc sciences, by the Plans of about volumnes quarto, a literal translation of
Seventy of the most famous Battles fought the whole of Domesday Book, with the
since the year 1672, and by short but modern names of places adapted as far
correct notices and criticisms on those as possible to those in the record. An
battles, and all other celebrated opera- index will be given to each county, and
rions since that year.

a glossary with the last volume. Any Previous in ihe appearance of this one volume may be subscribed for selarge work, there will be published a parately. Grammar of the Art of War, on the same Mr. 'Jesse Foot is preparing for pube plan as the Grammars of Geography, lication, the Lives of the late ANDREW Commerce, History, Law, Geometry, and ROBINSON Bowes, esq. and his wife the l'hilosophy, wbich have already niet with countess of STRATII MOP.E. so favourable a receprion.

A new edition of Dr. Russell's Hise On the 241h of February, at an auc- tory of Modern Europe, continued to the tion in the capital, there was sold a. Treaty of Amiens, by Dr. Cuote, will Greek manuscript, collected by one of be published in a few days. his majesty's foreign ministers, at the Nr. B. STOCKER, apothecary to Guy's island of Patmos, in the Archipelago. Hospital, has in the press, the New LonIt is a folio volume, in appropriate clas- don Pharmacopeia, enlarged from the sical binding, vellum, with rich gold last Edinburgh and Dublin PharmacoIonic border, and gilt edges, and contains pæia, and reduced to one cominon 10upwarcis of seven hundred and eighty menclature, with an appendix of the pages, on cotton paper; with, generally, genera and species of the different artiwenty-nine lines of text, in a two-inch cles of their materia medica. margin on cach page; illustrated by Dr. Maclean will shortly publish an

Inquiry

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Inquiry into the origin, early signs, practical branches of the law and phynature, causes, and cure, of hydrothorax, sic, British politics, and indeed all powith several interesting cases.

litics of the day, shall be deemed prohi. Mr. CHARLES A. ELTON has in the bited subjects. The purchase of phipress, in a foolscap 8vo volume, Tales losophical instruments, and patronizing of Romance, with other poems.

lectures on philosophical subjects, form Mr. Samuel Prout will shortly pub- part of the plan of this society. The lish the first number of the Relics of subscription is fixed at ore guinea per Antiquity, or Remains of Ancient Struc- aunum for ordinary members, and the tures, with other vestiges of early times last Monday in March is appointed for in Great Britain, etclied froin drawings the annual general meeting of the society, by hiinself, and accompanied with de- A new edition, revised, corrected, and scriptive sketches.

enlarged, of the Pocket Encyclopædia, or Mr. F. W, L. STOCKDALE is about to Miscellaneous Selections of Useful Knowpublish a series of etchings, in imitation ledge; originally coinpiled by Mr. Guy, of the original sketches, from picturesque of the Military College, Marlow, is presubjects in the county of Kent, with paring for the press, and will be pub. explanatory descriptions.

Jished with all convenient speed. It will Mr. STEPHEN Pasquier has issued be illustrated with engravings, and with proposals for publishing in a quarto references to the best printed autho. volume, with copper-plates, engraved by rities. means of the author's newly-invented Mr. Peacock, the classical author of a machines and tools, a new system, called poem on the Ruins of Palmyra, has a new Neography, in which he has attempted work in a state of great forwardness, it is to simplify and bring to one cominon, a lyrical poem in two parts, entitled The standard, all the various modes of writing Genius of the Thames. and printing, used ainong the several A Gazetteer of England and Wales, hy nations of the earth, with a view to assist Tuomas l'OTTs, closely printed in octavo, commerce, facilitate correspondence, will shortly be published, illustrated by and open an casier intercourse to the maps. diffusion of knowledge, the fine arts, and A new edition of the Armbulator, in civilisation.

a Tour twenty-five miles round London, A Literary and Philosophical Society is preparing for the press. Any correca has just been established in the populous tions, additions, or hints for its improvevillage of Hackney. It consisis of three ment, will be received by the publisher. classes, none of which is limited: 1. Or. Mr. BYERLEY (the translator of dinary members who contribute to the Machiavelli's Prince, is, preparing for funds, enjoy the use of the books, &c.

a novel, in three large 2. Honorary members, consisting of such volumes, under the title of " The White gentlemen whose association may reflect Ladies, or Memoirs of the Ingrain fa. honour on the society, and whose opi- mily, a Worcestershire story. lle is nion of the labours of its members may also editing, " Letters from India," being be such as to impress then with sen- the genuine correspondence of a family tinents of respect for this inark of regard, of high rank at Calcutta, wirb their 3. Those whose attachment to literature relations in England, from 1805 to 1809; may entitle them to become members, embellished with a view of Calcutia, but whose finances would prevent their from a drawing by IMOFFATT. Both the contributing to the subscriptions for the above works will be published on the 1st support of the society. To these last, of June next. the library will be open gratis. It is The Rev. HIERY Rowe, rector of intended that the meetings on Tucsılay Ringshall, Suffolk, a lineal descendant evenings shall be principally occupied of the celebrated poet of that name, las by literary conversations, and reading in the press, Fables in Verse, in one larve such papeis on scientific or literary sub- octavo voiume, embeilished with thirty jects, as the society may be favoured beautiful engravings in wood. with.

The subjects for conversation, A volume of Tales, original and tranie or books for the library, are to compre- lated, from the Spanish, illustrated with hend the mathematics, natural philosophy eight wood engravings, will soon make its and history, chemistry, polite literature, appearance. antiquities, civil history, biography, lo the press and speedily will be pubquestions of general law and policy, lished the third part of Mr. Crabe's Precommerce, and the arts; but religion, the ceptor and his Pupils; containing an ety. MUNTULY MAG. No. 197.

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Literary and Philosophical Intelligence. [April 1, mological and analytical elucidation of nance. For one of the species of cruelty synonymous words in the English lan- towards brute animals, existing in this guage. Also a new edition of his Gere town, (we mean the overloading of carman and English Dialogues; and of Ex- ters' borses) the law bas provided a tracts from the best German Authors for remedy. All that your corniittee, Translating into English,

therefore, judge to be needful for the Mr. PARKINSON has wiihdrawn the removal of this evil, is the due enforceIntroduction to the Knowledge of Fossils, ment of the law. The sense of shame announced at the end of the first volume may, they think, be turned to good of Organic Remains of a Fornier World, account in the service of this society. considering iis publication as entirely su- A man may be perfectly indifferent to perceded by Mr. Martin's excellent the sufferings of brute animals, who may, systematic outlines of the same subject. nevertheless, dread that the public -The third volunie of Organic Remains should talk of bis cruelty. Your comis in considerable forwardness.

mittee propose, therefore, that a com. A correspondent of the Philosophical mittee be appointed for the purpose of Journal states,

that camphor is contained enquiring into reported cases of cruelty, in considerable proportion in the seeds of and of publishing the accounts of thein carraway: 1lh, of seed yielding about 4 (when the facts are well established) in ounces of oil, and an ounce of carn. the papers of the day. They recompior.

mend your statements should wear About twelve months ago, several all official form; the credit which they meetings of the gentlemen of the town would receive would be proportioned, of and neighbourhood of Bradford, in course, to the opinion entertained by the Yorkshire, whose sentiments were fa- public of your reporting committee. vourable to the promotion of science, Cases of a most Aagitious nature might resolved to form themselves into a occasionally occur, in which it might be society, to be called the “ Literary and advisable to publish the names of the Philosophical Society of Bradford,” and parties: in general, however, your comadopted rules for its government. Suit- mittee think that this step would not be able apartinents have been procured; requisite. Individual discountenance aud a sinali, though valuable, collection may be manifested in different ways: in of books in various branches of natural every mode in which such discountehistory and philosophy, has been pur. nance can be given by you, severally, to chased.

acts of cruelty, in every such mode do A society has been lately formed at your cominittee recommend that it be Liverpool, for preventing wanton cruelty shewn. But what they would particuto brute animals. At their first generallarly recommend to you at this time, as nieeting they appointed a committee to applying an especial remedy to particular prepare an account of the objects of the evils which they have in view, is discoun. society, and of the modes which they tenance in the way of trade. There are might deem best fitted to

sécure the

some tradesinen, as your committee accomplishment of those objects; and thrink, whose very gnin is derived from this committee accordingly presented a brute animals, who are frequently or report, of which the following is the habitually careless respecting ihe suffersubstance: “ The great object of the ings of their beasts; and of some of whom society is, to meliorate the state of brute it may be said, that the misery of the animals, by preventing those sufferings beasts subjected to them, is almost a which they unnecessarily experience at necessary result of their peculiar mode of the hand of man. Your committee conducting their business. Your comjudge that you may aim to accomplish mittee suggest to you, in your individual this object in two ways: 1. By the capacities, that where you have occasion exercise of coercion with respect to to employ tradesmen of such classes, those who are guilty of cruelty to brute the consideration of the inanner in animals; 2. Bv. the diffusion of such which different individuals among them privciples and feelings as shall be in- treat their beasts, should have great compatible with the existence of that weight with you in your decision, as to spirit whence cruelty, to animals origi- which of those tradesmen you employ.

The coercion exercised may be They think too, that where fair occasions of three sorts; that of the laws, that of occur, tlie ground of preference should shame, and that of individual discountc- be distinctly stated; otherwise that conIn your

nates.

nexion may not be observed between the may the more effectually betray. They
offence and the consequence, the obser- propose also, that, in animadverting on
vation of which is necessary to the ihe abuses which may be brought to
şecuring of its full operation to your con- light around you, you should not confine
duct. -The abuses which have appeared your remarks to the poor. The duty to
to your committee to be most prevalent be tender to the inferior creatures, they
in this town, and to call for the inost hold to be ubligatory on men of every
immediate attention, and to which they rank; and a rich man, who wantonly
would apply some of the above-stated abuses his power over a brute animal,
principles of redress, are those practised ought, they conceive, the more especi-
by carters and by bucchers. Concern- ally to be an object of censure, because
ing carters, they have told you that they his example inay operate the more
mean, at the close of this report, largely as a supposed warrant.
to subinit to you a resolution. The individual capacities, they would recom.
cruelties of butchers are displayed, mend to you, that you should expel the
chiefly when they are driving their beasts spirit of cruelty altogether from your own
into or through the town. One of your houses ; that you should especially allow
committee saw a sheep with one of its none of those practices to exist within
horns torn out of the socket, stated by the the range of your influence, by which
populace to have been beaten or brute animals are made to suffer pain,
wrested out by the driver. The prac- either for the mere amusement of mens
tice of cutting ihe heel-tendons of sheep or for the gratification of a pampered
before they enter the town, in order that luxury. Lastly, they recommend it to
the drivers may bave less trouble with you, both individually and collectively,
them in passing through the streets (a ibat in pursuing the objects of your
practice, the alleged necessity for which association, you should display tbe greate
would be removed by the employing of a est steadiness and calmness; especially
larger number of drivers) is, your com- that you should, in every instance, be ou
mittee have reason to believe, by no the surest grounds convinced of the
means uncommon, Such things call, as existence of an evil, before you prefer a
they conceive, for the marked animad- complaint. There is such a thing as
version of those who are desirous to interperance in benevolence; and the
Jessen the suferings of brute animals; virtue may be degraderi in the public
and, in their present uncertainty of the estimation, and rendered fruitless in its
disposition of the law as to such prac. efforts, by a union with precipitancy of
tices, your committee do strongly recome judgment. Whilst they hope that the
mend it to the individuals of this society, members of this society will keep them-
to shew their disapprobation of those selves alive to the objects of the associa.
who perpetrate or authorise them, by tion, and omit no rational and manly
withholding from thein their support in mode of promoting those objects, they
the way of trade. The other part also express the hope that no plan may
of their plan, viz. the diffusion of such a be adopted which may carry with it a
spirit as should be incompatible with frittering of exertion, and which may
the spirit of cruelty to animals, might be justly subject the society to any portion
effected by publishing, in a cheap form, of that reproach which many may, at the
books inculcating principles of gentleness first hearing, be disposed to affix to it-
towards the brute part of the creation, the reproach of being frivolous and vexa-
In this mode, they conceive that great tious.
good might be done, especially by the
influence produced on the minds of the Several marbles, with Slavonic inscrip-
young.-li appears especially desirable, tions, were, discovered in 1792, among
That wbilst you set forth to the public a the ruins of Phanagoria. These inscrip-
definition of your objects, you should tions stated, that a Russian prince,
also give some pledge as to the spirit of Glied of Tmuktorakan, had caused the
your future proceedings. They would extent of the Cimmerian Bosphorus to
propose, therefore, that you should, from be measured in 1068. On this occasion,
the very beginning, disclaim all those count Mussin Puschkin published, in
mean and deceptious arts, by which men, 1794, Historical Researches
often gain intelligence; abi encourages geographical situation of the principality
ment to eaves-droppers, to creeping of Tmuktorakan. Alexei Nicolai Olea
enquirers, to men who wear the sen- nin, counsellor of state, has published
Vlance of friendship in order that they a letter on the same subject, adılressed

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