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250 Extracts from the Portfolio of a Man of Letters. [April 1,

Pliny mentions (lib. xii. c. 3.) the use of A Jewish poet, named Ezechiel, says lemon juice as an antidote; but says

that Grotius, wrote in Greek the tirst sacred the fruit, from its austere taste, was not dramas.

Plutarch, who fourished within a The inventor of parachutes was John generation of Pliny, witnessed the introBaptist Dante, of Perugia, who used to duction of lemons at the Roman tables: make experiments on the art of flying by Juba, king of Mauritania, was the first the side of lake Thrasimene, and who who exhibited them at his dinners, many tiines succeeded in sailing from a (Sce Casaubon's Animadversions on the rock through the air to a considerable Deipnosophists of Athenæus, p. 163.) distance. After falling many times intu And Athenæus introduces Democritus, the water, he attempted, on the marri. (Athen. I. c. p. 63.) as not wondering age of count Bartolomeo Alviani, to ibat old people made wry mouthis at the exbibit his skill over land; and threw taste of lemons; for, adds he, in my himself in a feathered gurb, and with grandfather's time, they were never set spreading wings, off the pinnacle of the upon table. And to this day the church. But alas! his parachute lost Chinese, who grow the fruit, do not its balance; he fell on hard ground, and apply it (Prerosi, vol. vi. p. 455,) to broke his thigh. It was some triumph culinary purposes. of science not to die on the spot. Pity The greai use of lemons began with excited interest in his hchalt. He was the introduction of sugar, which is said juvited to Venice as professor of mathie- to have resulted from the conquest of marics, and died there at forty years of Sicily by the Arabs in the ninth century, age.

Sestini, in bis letters from Sicily and ACOLYTES.

Turkey, (liv. ii. p. 181), thinks, that the Were the acolytes in the temple of best sorts of lemon, and the best sorts of Jerusalem, called by the names of angels; sherbet, were derived from Florence by so that, although the lads who officiated the Sicilians. Probably Rome coutiwere changed, the same name remained nued, even in the dark ages, to be the to him who stood in the same place? chief seat of luxury and refinement; and llow else can account for such had domesticated the art of making expressions, as that the Lord sitteth lemonade, before either Messina or between the cherubim; that Michael Florence. stands at his riglit band, Gabriel at his In Madagascar (Flaccurt, p. 42.) left, Uriel before him, and Raphael slices of lernon are broiled, and eaten with behind him? (See Basnage Histoire des salt. Juifs, c. ix.) And in the false gospel, Pomet (Histoire generale des drogues, De Nativitate Maria, the writer of vol. i. p. 260,) gives the preference over which knew, and intended to observe, the all others to the lenions of Madeira. costume of the place and time, the Vir. But, according to Terrarius, there gin is said to have been educated in the grows at the Cape a sweet lemon, 10 temple, and to have known the several which he gives the name Incomparabilis. angels by their faces. Virgo, que jum angelicos bene noverat cultus.

A member of parliament having LEMONS.

brought in a bill that required an amendo Theophrastus, who studied under ment, which was denied him by the Plato and Aristotle, says of lemons house, he frequently repeated that he (Ilist. Plant. iv. c. 4.) that they were tbirsted to mend his bill." At length cultivated for their fragrance, not for another member arose and adressed the their taste; that the peel was laid up speaker, humbly moving "that as the with garments to preserve them from honourable member who spoke last muths; and that the juice was adminis- thirsted so very much, he might be altered by physicians to cure a bad breath. lowed to mend his draught." This put Virgil in his second Geurgic, (v. 131.) the house into good humour, and his describes agrecably the lemon-tree. petition was granted.





But mourn not thus, with fruitless woe,

The lovely spirit freed;
She, who an angel but appear'd,
An angel is indeed.

M. A. M.



Υει μεν ο Ζευς, εν δ'ωρανω μέγας
Χειμων, σεπαγάσιν δ'υδατων ροαι.
Καβαλλε τον χειμων, επι μεν τιθεις
Πυς, εν δε κιρνας ειναν αφειδεως
EXALTED Jove, with angry frown,

Impetuous hurls che torrent down;
The gathering clouds majestic roll
Their spreading glooms from pole to pole;
Now, wildly hurrying, tempest-driven,
Deform the smiling front of heaven ;
While raging ocean sounds from far
The din of elemental war.
Despise old Winter's chilling ire;
Pile loftier still the cheering fire ;
And let the golden bowl go round,
With generous wine profustly crown'd :
The golden bowl, whose nectar'd stream
Shall fire each eye with pleasure's beam.


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BENEATH a father's watchful eye,

A mother's fose’ring care,
Eliza, in the bloom of youth,

Shone fairest of the fair.
The playful kill, that lightly bounds,

And vaults in airy space,
Could not more innocence display,

Or fascinating grace.
Her heavenly features, sylphid form,

Drew each admiring gaze;
Her virtues, op'ning into day,

Fromis'd meridian blaze, Death, in his silent, sad career,

Beheld this beauteous prize : “ Art thou a child of earth," he cried,

“ Or daughter of the skies?” Unseen, he stretch'd bis icy hand,

And wav'd it o'er her head;
Then gently smote--but at his touch

'I be vital spirit Hed.
(Just so the early blossom fades,

when Winter's ling'ring pace Checks the impatient step of spring,

Benumb'd ia his embrace.)
Deich stood amaz'd; and ah! too late,

Would have recall'd the stroke:
But Death himself was powerless here,

Nor could the deed revoke.
* And wast thou, then, of mortal clay,

And cast in human mouid?"
The pallid purent's anguish'd shriek

The truth too plainly told.*


BY this huge crag of granite high,

Dark-frowning o'er the subject tide, I gaze upon the evening sky;

I mark the circling waters wide : Nature, that for ever shines

Transcendent in august simplicity,
Now in all her grace reclines

Upon the bosom of the sea :
And to complete the magic sight
Of forms divine, and colours bright,
The radiant clouds around her head
A fair and glowing mantle spread;
Whilst the young waves, with light'ning

O'er their sleeping parents dance;

And from the stream,

In fancy's dream,
(Where, mid heaven's concentred ray,
They wanton with the parting day)
A vast and fiery column rise,

Faith-like, pointing to the skies.
While poring on the prospect far,

Each object waking new delight;
I view the first laini evening star,

Leading on the train of Night.
To charm the eye, to scoth the ear,
New sounds are heard, new forms appear;
The happy billows sport around,
With foam or Moatin.: sea.weeds crown'd,
And to the beach direct their way
In long and undisturbid array.

Far as the eye can trace,

In slow and solemn pace, To this inhospitable shore, (Whose rocks and fearful caverns roar, E'en from the plaintive zephyr's murmur

ing sound,) With undiverted course they throng, And bear their buoyant spoils along; Where having cast them, with a proud

disdain, Again the seck the main, And plunge into the depth of night pro

tound. Upon the utmost verge of ocear.,

'A homeward destin'd bark appears; Thosailing fast, so slow its motion,

It einblems liie's departing years: What transport in yon vessel dwells,

Wbilst, gazing on his native shore, The seaman's anxious boso swells,

With ecstasies unknown before ! Exultant now he waves his hand;

He bids the friendly gale arise,
And bear him switter to the land

That he lias ever cali'd the pride
Of earth, in her dominion wide,


The father, on coming down stairs, found is child lifeiess at the foot of the staucaser

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But which (by absence taught) he now That, stemming thy relentless tide, doch idolize.

Sought the near shore where safety beckoning While the strain'd canvas courts the breeze, stood ? His bosom iabours with delight,

Ah, what a change is here !
And pleasures dance before his sight,

Fili'd with 'error and amaze,
As thus, with frantic joy, the port he sces:
Tho' sailing o'er the ocean green,

The scene grows darker as I gaze,

The fury of the deep is near. With many a rolling wave between,

Whilst clouds the firmament o'ercast, Disdaining space, he speaks! he hears!

The sur hath left the western sky; Reality's long train appears!

And, sai'irg on the stormy blast, He presses to bis heart the maid

The vent'rous sea-birds hurrying home. Who, to salute her lover, flies;

ward fly. Or rushes through the green-wood shade, Where bis low cot of comfort lies;

The waves, that late in frolic play'd, The faithiul wife, with triumph proud,

Are now with tenfold wrath array'd, The Heart; welcome pours aloud,

Darting quick Aashes from their thousand

eyes! Whilse his young children clasp his knee,

With anger heighten'd by the wind, And weep and smile, and smile and weep, Thai fain their giant limbs would bind, That from the dangers of the deep

When to fierce strife the heavens and ocean Their long-lost sire they see.

rise. Orb of glory, to the west

Lo! sounding their defiance far, Thou spreadist fast thy stately form,

The ancient rivals rush to war: In robes of dazzling amber drest,

No common vengeance round is hurlid; Wbilst starting from their bed of rest Sphere with sphere, and world with world, Th’imperious night-winds rouse the sium- Dreadful in unavailing ire, bering storm :

Th’indignant winds awhile retire ; Yet, as the clouds erect their throne

Whilst the proud victor gazes round In one dark corner of the sky,

For some new foe, on whom to pour hiş And deep portentous voices moan

rage. Upon the gale that whistles by;

That other foe lie now hath found : O'er the vext and boundless tile

Sec, the combatants engage! Sun-beams still delight to play;

Ocean, collecting all his might, And the fair departing day

With earth proclaims a baneful fight, In silent grandeur sends its lustre wide. And with inebriate reel assaults the shore ; Earthly pageants, veil your head;

Earth, that many a shock hath stood Here behold, mid floods of light,

From wrathful sky, and stormy food, Heaven his gorgeous pinions spread;

Smiles in her craggy strength, and braves his Streaming fire, and liquid gold;

deafʼning roar. That, as they change beneath the sight,

No friendly moon, no stars appear : New and nobler forms unfold.

From dreams of death, roused by the stormy Thou watry world, tha' grateful to our eyes

tide, Whilst the rich clouds of eve illume thy The demons of the tempest ride breast,

Triumphant through the dark and troubled Say, art thou not a monster in disguise

That know'st no mercy, and that feel'st no Or, hand in hand,

A ghastly band,
Do not the smiles upon thy brow presiding, Whilse the sinking wretch they spy,

Destruction's syren toils unceasing forni? With their songs of ecstasy
Is not that wrath which now appears subsi, Paçe the ocean-beaten strand.

To gwell the horrors of the night, Th'illusive prelude to some fiercer storm? Lightnings Hach their forked light, With thirst insatiate evermore,

Quenching their fervour in the boisterous Dost thou not least on human gore,

main. Laughing exultant v'er thy savage meal? Again ! again! Amid the winds that from thee fly,

And what a sound I hear the drowning seaman's cry,

Burst in lengthen'd peals around! In plaintive sounds, which lion hearts might Tho' fears, that spring from nature, move my feel.

soul, Abhorrent fiend, to thee are dear

Terrific pleasures on that voice await. The orphan and the widow's tear!

Ye unseen powers, prolong the strains When didst thou stay thy foaming wave,

sublime, The shipwrecks mariner to save,

Allied io neither earth nor time, Who, pensent from some jutting crag, espied Which raise within me, as through hearen Beneath, the terrors of thy food ?

they roll, When didst thou listen to the cry

The thought in shadows dressid, unutter, Of belpless, sinking misery,

ably great.


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When the elements conspire

Already hails them to their native land,)
To sweep their deep and awful lyre,

They mark th' unruly sails disdain
The rattling thunders, as they fly,

The weak controul of mortal rein,
Complete the dreadful harmony.

Dissever'd, on the blast they see them ride,

Then sink in the conficting ride.
Pity, whither art thou down?

Whilst languid hope points to one glimm'ring
Hast thou left this stormy scene,

beam, For rivers smooth, and meadows green,

Forebodings stern disclose their wretched Where Peace delights to rear her halcyon

state ; throne ?

They view the sails plunged in the raging
Hither haste, thou being dear;

A sight, a moving sight is here:
The bark that long hath borne the beating The lightnings, as they flash, display

And read their own inevitable fate.

The fatal shore to which they onward And now beholds her haven near,

drive; Trembles o'er the yawning grave:

In vain with destiny they onward strive, Fly to succour, fly to save!

Whilst Ocean fierce invokes his coming prey. Amid the ravings of the gale,

Now swifter borne before the hurrying blast, Fitful calls, upon thee, sail;

(Their last brave anchor vainly cast) The warning gun, that doleful sound,

They view, dismay'd, the white waves glare Speaks, till with the tempest drown'd.

at hand,
The storm increases. By the light

Roaring o'er the rocky strand.
Of heaven's fierce radiance, I behold To the near cliffs their course they urge,
The mariner, once brave and bold,

In dark funereal terrors drest;
Chaia'd steadfast to the deck, in strange Ere long, and in the wrathful surge,

(Tho' Mercy's cry
Through distraction's starting tear,

Rend earth and sky,)
They view their wives and children dear, Each palpitating heart must rest.
Whom they had fondly hoped ere long to Still nearer now the vessel draws;

Fear suspends their labouring breach :
With all a husband's, all a father's joy ; , A horrid pause!
And taste domestic comforts sweet,

One moment more,
That end of all their toil, without alloy.

The strife is o'er.
But now, (whilst those they love, rejoice Heard you chat shriek ? It was the shrick of
In the bless'd interview at hand,

And every heart, and every voice,

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[April 1, Theoretical and Practical View of the Means

MILITARY. by which they are taught to speak and 11)- A short Narrative of the late Campaign of derstand a Language ; containing Hints for the British Army under the orders of the the Correction of impediments in Spcech. By Earl of Chatham; with preliminary Remarks Joseph Watson, LL.D. 2 vols. 8vo. 155.

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