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strike the critics, I spared no pains to was as follows: on the first appearance introduce into the language, without of the original edition, some unprincipled betraying an affectation of coining new booksellers, struck with its title, pubwords, many terms that were necessary lished several piracies and imitations of for the description of naval evolutions, it, of which they printed a great number, but which hitherto bad appeared only in so that the shops were full of them; and the journals of

I made hence the unfavourable opinion which every effort to render myself not only the public formed of these wretched imclear, but even easily intelligible, to those positions, operated to the disadvantage who knew little or nothing of, naval of my second edition. Besides this, aifairs. But what cost me the most , peace had been made with England trouble was, to reconcile the different three years before, and the nation (and always contradictory) accounts of thought no more of naval affairs." This the belligerent powers. M. Mallet du whole passage is stamped with the cha. Pan, in his newspaper, reproached me racteristic simplicity, frankness, and with having unitormly represented the candour, of St. Croix. The reader seems engagements in a light too favourable to to hear this learned man opening his the French, and with being deficient in heart to a friend, and speaking of himjustice to the English. This censure is self with the same freedom and unrenot absolutely without foundation; but servedness as if he spoke of a stranger. though I thought it right to use some de- “ On the Ancient Federative Governlicacy toward my countrymen, in order ments, and on the Legislation of Crete:” to prevent ihein from drawing none but Paris, 1798, one volume octavo. This discouraging conclusions froin the facts work consists of two memoirs which the that I related, I at least expressed my- author had read before the academy of self in such a manner that persons of belles-lettres, a short time previous to penetration might collect the truth from the suppression of that society. The my statements. Exclusively of this howpurpose of the first, and most important ever, the criticism of M. Mallet du Pan of them, is, to prove that Greece never is erroneous in more than one respect; bad any federative constitution till the but after drawing up an answer to it, I period of the Achæan league; the other suppressed this, from a fear of giving treated of the origin of the Cretans, their pain to that worthy man. There has not legislation, and the relation which the been sutlicient attention paid to the institutions of Sparta bore to those of boldness with which I spoke of several Crete : both these discussions were acevents that were still recent, and had companied with illustrations, in which been bitherto described only in the style the author handles several points of cria of a gazette. The first volume concludes ticism and history with his usual skill with some remarks on the navigation- and erudition. When this fine work apact; and the second, with others on the peared, France was hardly beginning to peace of 1703: the latier taken from a feel a little intermission from the rage of preceding publication of mine on that contending factions, and the arts and subject, but with alterations and addi- sciences could not even yet venture to tions. I venture to think that neither anticipate more favourable days. “In are contemptible. This second edition such circumstances,” says St. Croix, however met but little success. That it “ why do I hazard a new publication? It had errors, I am aware: the celebrated is because, amidst the most unprosperous Andrea Doria, for example, is mentioned omens, we still continue attached to the as having been pre:ent at the battle of habitual objects of oor aifections, and Lepanto, whereas in fact it was bis hope does not forsake even the man who nephew, the former having died before tries to shut his heart against it. Nor that memorable action; I have also can I, without ingratitude, quit the ser, made some mistakes concerning king vice of literature, to which I am indebted John of England, and messieurs Ker- for a salucary consolation in these days saint; having supposed these larter to of bitterness and grief." have been drowned with their father, Some thought they perceived, in this though they were still living :--but these last work of St. Crois, marks of a diswere not the causes of the indifference I position unfavourable to the existing gospeak of; for the public overlook much vernment, or at least to what was then greater faults, without condemning a honoured with that appellation. “ It is whole work for them. Its true source not so," said the author, in reply to in.


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Scaree Tracts, &c.

[April 1,
sinuations of this nature: “ I have let criticism with enlarged and judicious
facts speak for themselves; it is not my views of things, and which enuitle the
fault, if they should not agree with the author to a place among the most
ideas of certain persons. The reflections esteemed publicists. In considering the
with which the inention of these facts is particular time at which it appeared, it
accompanied, spring naturally from the is impossible not to applaud the courage
sobject, are contined to no system, and with which he brought the truth before
were not written in favour of any party. the eyes of his countrymen, and recalled
There are those who have even censured men of letters to the dignity and sacred-
Ene for shewing a predilection for re- ness of their duties.
publies. This is what always happens Many other important works of St.
on publishing any work in a time of pub. Croix must be here passed in total silence,
Lje troubles and faction, when impar- a satisfactory account of them would
tiality is so rare that its existence is not swell this memoir too much. Few men

of letters have equalled hiin in purity of All enlightened readers will, without views, indefatigable activity, extent of kesitation, rank this last-inentioned work acquirements, and the talent of applying among those which unite erudition and his knowledge usefully.



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It is proposed in fulure to devote a few Puges of the Monthly Magazine to the

Insertion of such Scarce Tracts us are of an interesting Nature, with the Use of which we may be furoured by our Corresponents; and under the same Heud te

introduce alsw ihe Analyses of Scurce und Curious Books. "A Description of the Persian Monarchy, ambassadour of the English king: the

now beinge, the Orientull Indyes, coinınand of the Great King is, that his Iles, and other parts of the Greater followers shall bee conducted from our Asia und Affrick." By Thomas Her. pallace of Cazbeen to Saway, and by the bert, esą. London (1034), fol. darraguod (or inaior) of Saway, to the

NESE Travels form a very curious citie of Coom, and by the governour of Mr. Herbert who paid so much attention through all any territories. Faile not my to king Charles I. in his latter-moments; command; I also command them a and who, in 1660, was advanced to the peaceable travaile. dignity of baronet.

“ Sealed with a stampe of letters in The engraved title of the work, giren

joke." above, is followed by a printed one At page 215 we have, “A Description somewhat different. The dedication is of Sancta Helena." to Philip earl of Pembroke: and begins, “ Saint Helena was so denominated by " Good wine needs no bush: but this Juan de Noua, the Portugall, in regard traveller wants a guide, and, as under he first discovered it on that saint's day. age, a guardian too."

“ It is doubtfull whether it adhere to Mr. Flerbert's Travels were begun in America or Afique, the vast ocean bel1616. llis descriptions of places in the lowing, on both sides, and almost equal. earlier

parts of the volume are short; but ly; yet I imagine sbe inclines more to of Persia, the East Indies, and America, Afer than Vespusius. bis accounts are full.

“ 'Tis in circuit thirty English miles, The following is the copy of “The of that ascent and height that 'is oft Emperour of Persia's firinan,” to the inveloped with clouds, from whom sie Englislı ambassador, in 1628 :

receives moisture to fatten her: and as “ Abbas,

the land is very high, so the sea at the “ The high and mighty starre, whose brinke of this ile is excessive deepe, and bead is covered with the sun, whose the ascent so immediate, that though the Diolion is comparable to the aeriall sea beat fiercely on her, yet can no ebbe tirmanent, whose majesty is come from nor flow be we'l perceived there. Asharaff, and bath dispatched the lord “The water is sweet above, but ron.


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ning downe and participating with the scried land in the gulph of Mexico, "not sale hills, tasts brackish ‘at his fall into farre from Florida." . Ilaving effected the valleyes, which are but two, and settlenient, he returned to Wales, leaving those very small, having their appella- a hundred and twenty persons behind tions from a lemmon tree above, and a him. Ilaving engaged soine more of his ruined chappcll placed bencath, built by countrymen to accompany him, he is the Spaniard, and delapidated by the stated to have made a second voyage; Duich. Their has been a village about and to have remained with his followers it, lately depopulated from her india. for the rest of their lives, in the New bitants, by command from the Spanish World. All intercourse having been king, for that it became an vnlawfull ma- broken off, and broils ensuing in their gazine of seamen's treasure, in, turning native country, they and their expedition and returning out of both the Indies, are supposed to have been alike forwhereby he lost both tribute and pre- gotten. On this story, it will be rememrogative in apparant ineasure.

bered, Mr. Southey has founded his “ Monurnents of antique beings, nor poein, other rarities, can be found here. You see all, if you view the ribs of an old " A Treatise of Religion and Learning, carrick, and some broken pieces of her und of Religious and Learned Men. ordnance left their against the owner's Consisting of Sir Books.

The tu good will or approbation: goals and first treating of Religion und Learning; bogs are the now dwellers, who multiply the four last of Religious, or Learned in great abundance, and (though unwil- Men, in un Alphabeticut Order. A lingly) affoord theinselves to hungry and Work seusonable for thesc Times,wheresea-beaten passagers: it bas store of in Religion and Learning have so many partrich and guinea-bens, ail which were Enemies.By Edward Leigh, Muster brought thither by the honese Portugall, of Arts, of Magdalen Hall, in Oxford, who now dare neither anchor there, nor London (1656). fol. owne their labours, lest the English, or Of the different books of which this Flemmings, question them.

work is composed, the four last, it will “ The ile is very even and delightful be easily perccived, at the present day, above, and gives a large prospect into the must be the most interesting. We select ocean. 'Tis a saying wiih the sea-men, from them a few anecdotes of wella man there has his choice, whether be known characters. will breake his heart going up, or bis “ R. Benjumin, a famous Jewish geonecke coinming downe, either wish be


His Hebrew Itinerary is stowing more jocundity then comfort: puiilisted, cum versione et notis Cone and here we lett buried our houest cap- stantini L'Empereur.--Vide ejus Epist. taine Andrew Evans."

Derlicut. The closing section of the volume is

“ lle was a Spaniard, and died in the devoted to * A Discourse and Proofe

year a nato Christo 1173, in that very that Madoc ap Owen Gwynedd first year wherein he returned from tuis found out that Continent now called

voyage.” America." Having stated the proba

Trajanus Boccalinus. bility, as well as various traditions, that “Sir Isaac Wake called his Collections che ancients were in some measure ac- of Pernassus, the first satyre in prose; quainted with the transatlantic world, and inaster Selden said, he would rather Mr. Herbert repeats the celebrated pas- lose any humane book in his study thea sage in Seneca's Medea :

that." Venient annis

Sir Thomas Bodlie, a great scholar Secula seris, quibus Oceanus

and prudent statist. Vincula rerum laxet, et ingens

flis parents were rather good then Paceat tellus, Typhisque novos

great. What liberal education they Detegat orbes, nec sit terris

bestowed on hiin, he shows in his own Vltima Thule :

Life, written in English, by himself, which following it with some lines, supposed is put into Latine by Dr. Tlackwell

, and prophetical, of Taliessin : by whose is in Oxford library. He living in the verses prince Madoc appears to have troublesome times of queen Mary, his been induced to go upon his voyage of parents took bim beyond sen. discovery.

“ Ac Generah he heard Beroaldus from He is said to have left his country in Greck; Cevallerius foor llebrew; in dithe year 1170; and at last to have de- vinity, Calvin and Beza.

* He


Scarce Tracts, &c.

[April 1,
“ He was very skilfull in the Oriental for the accomplishment of that book he
tongues. Linguarum Orientalium cal- bad read and perused over many old
lentissimus vir Thomas Bodlæus. Drus. monuments of England."- Ascham's
Not. in Tetragram. He was the great Torophilus, p. 23.
founder of our famous Oxford library, “Josephus Judaicus clarissimus Ju-
which is therefore called Bibliotheca dæoruin Historicus. Pul. Miscel. I. ii.
Bodleiana. He gave many Hebrew c. 3. most learned in the Greek and
books to the library, and was imployed Hebrew.
in many honourable embassies io the “ He is a diligent historian; yet since
kings of France and Dempark, the he wrote the antiquities of his own
lantgrave of Hesse, the duke of Bruns- nation, with an intention to cominunicate
wick, the states of Ilolland.

them to others, he described them as “ He gave for his arms three crowns, stately as he could; and when he thought with this inscription, Quarta perennis the simplicity of the Scriptare did not erit."

suffice to the commendation of things Philip de Commines, knight, was done among the Hebrews, he invented born at Commines, a town in Flanders. and added many things hinself; therefore,

" In his youth be served Charles, in those things he is to be prudently duke of Burgundy, and afterwards Lewis, read, lest he deceive the unwary reader. the eleventh of that name, king of This fault, Luther, on Gen. 34, and France, who imployed him in his weigh- Rivet, on Exod. 2. and Chamier and tiest and secretest affairs. The French others, tax hiin with.–Vide Cornel. a tongue he spake perfectly and eloquently; Lap. in Gen. xxix. and in Numb. c. ii. the Italian, Dutch, and Spanish, rea

V, 34. sonably well.

“ There was a Jew in latter times, “ He hath written the history of who, out of the true Josephus translated France under Lewis XI., and Charles into Latin by Ruffinus, (he hiinselt'une VIII. his sonne.

derstanding no Greek,) and Hegesyppus “ He was the spectator and actor of (or rather Ambrosey bis Latine history of his history.

the destruction of Jerusalem, set out an “ Nothing more grieved bim, then Hebrew history under the false name of that in his youth he was not trained up Joseph Ben-Gorion, whom he thought to in the Latin congue, which bis misfortune be the same with Josephus the historian, he often bewailed. The emperour for whoin he would be taken.

The Charles V., and Francis 1. king of epitome of this Hebrew history is enFrance, made so great account of this titled, Josiphon, whence the name of history, that the cinperour caried it con- Josippus was taken up." ţinually about with him, and the king John Whitgift, archbishop of Canwas much displeased with the publishing terbury. thereof.

“ He had an uncle called Robert White “ He, in his history, dived so farre gift, abbot of the monastery of Wellow, into, and writ so plainly of, the greatest in Lincolnshire, who, teaching divers affairs of state, that queen Catharine de young gentlemen, took like pains also Medicis used to say, that he had made with him. In which time, (as he was as many hereticks in statę-policy, as pleased often to remember,) he heard his

uncle the abbot say, that they, and their « Fr. Costerus.

religion, could not long continue, be“ Our bishop llall met with him in his cause, (said he) I have read the whole travels; he saith thus of him: More teasty Scripture over and over, and could never then subtill, and more able to wrangle finde therein, that our religion was then satisfie.

founded by God. And for proof of his “ His Enchiridion Controversiarum opinion, the abhot would alledge that is most commended."

saying of our Saviour, Matth. xv. 13. Sir Thomas Elyot.

Every plant which my heavenly Father “ He hath writien a book called, hath not planted, shall be rooted out. The Governour, his Castle of lealth. “ He never preached, but be first

• For his learning in all kinde of wrote his notes in Latine, and afterward knowledge, he brought much honour to kept them during his tife. all the nobility of England. He told me There were several writings between he had a work' in hand, which he naineth hiin and Thomas Cartwright; about the De Rebus Memorabilibus Anglia, which ceremonies." I trust we shall see in print shortly, and


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Extracts from the Portfolio of a Man of Letters.

MR. PITT'S PLAN OF REFORM. tones, the acute and grave coalescing on
Teletinanya subrendent of those the
10 extinguish by purchase, on the the same syllable, which we call the cir.

terested in them, thirty-six of the most

On these long accented, and especially decayed boroughs.

if at the same time emphatic, syllables, II. To add, in consequence, seventy

two or more notes may properiy fail. Die two members to the county representation. visions, slides of the voice, sometimes in III. In case of any future purchase to

empassioned passages, sudden and large be made in like manner of any borough, vehement and sublime, or the soft, deli

intervals; at others, appogiaturas, as the beyond the thirty-six, either at present de. cayed, or which hercafier should become

cate, and tender request. And this, like so, the right of representation of such the other secrets of his wonderfui art,

was well known to Handel, who is alıke borough to be transferred to the unre

to be studied for astonishing greatness, presented large towns which should ex

and for the most refined beauties,
press a desire of exercising such right.
IV. That copyholders be added to the

county elective body.

The quincunx arrangement of the On these grounds, he moved to bring in Roman legions in battle, is niost coma bill to amend the representation of the pletely confirmed by a passaye in the people in parliament.

Georgics, where it is compared to the After a debate, the motion was nega- mode recommended of planting trees. tived:

Indeed, I fear this part of the Roman Ayes 174 tactics, which made their ranks so


tb Noes 248

open and to unite, in every form of cum

bination which the exigencies of battle 422

might require, either for attack, for ralMajority against the motion 74; or above lying with accumulative progression of one sixth of the whole number.

strength, or for retreat (facilis dividente RHETORICAL ACCENTUATION.

in quacunque velis partes, facilis jun. The analogy between musical and rhe- genti

) has been too successfully inopted torical tone or accentuation, has been

by our great opponent.
beautifully illustrated in a late number:
The samne principle was recognised by

Giovanni Bone of Mondovi, was creantiquity; and is stated by Dionysius ated cardinal in 1609 by pope Clement Halicarnassensis, a great critic and his. IX. At the death of this pontiff it was torian of the Augustan era, who, at the suggested to confer the tiara on his saine time, observes on the coalescence Creature. The statue of Pas;uin exbie both of the grave and acute tones in the bited on the occasion this

epigraph: circumflex. This is a circumstance which

Papa bona sarebbe un solecismo. indeed depends on their nature; the cir. cumflex vowels being formed by the coalescence of two short vowels, or a short Sancho blesses the man who invented and long vowel, and partaking of the sleep; I am for blessing those who intones of each.

vinted the posiuve pleasures. And so Our long vowels, particularly e, i, and o thought Hortensio Lando, a physician Jong, partake of his property very largely; of Milan, wiin flourished in the sixteenth the knowledge and use of which are of no century; and who published Un Catalogo little practical inportance, particularly degli inventori delle cose che si mungiuno, in music.

e delle bevande che oggidi s'usuno. This Dionysius says, the melody of speech catalogue of the inventors of nice dishes is measured very nearly by one interval, hus not been re-edited at the


of called the diapente; and is neither raised any one corporation in christendom. 'above three tones and a semi-tone to Bengt Bergius the Swede, who pubthe acute, nor descends lower toward lished in the ensuing century on dainthe grave: yet notwithstanding, every ties, does not so much as quote the work particle of speech is not pronounced with of his predecessor; and yet the catathe same tope; but some with the acuie, logue of the writers he does quote, ex• some with the grave; and some have both ceeds forty pages.

MONTHLY Mag. No. 197.






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