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as invariably leads the builder to deem escaped from Pontefract castle, and was a command of picturesque scenery the ready to join them at Readiny. A gleam first great requisite in the site of a family of joy, therefore, shone orer her solitary mansion.

retreat. The conspirators marched from The village of Sonning, which lies on Sonning, and the queen poured forth unthe margin of the Thames, is one of the ceasing prayers for their success. But nost agreeable spots that the fancy can her tears were unavailing : Richard was picture. All is seeming tranquillity and doomed to perish in captivity, and sir Berrepose, The cottages" of simplest nard lost his head on the scaifuld; one half form, with coverlets of thatch," of the country lainenting him as a mare sufficiently numerous to bestow a decided tyr, and the other stigmatising his meair of rusticity on the general appearance mory with the opprobrium of treason. of the village ; while many houses of a The Berkshire side of the Thames, more eligible description, in which em- between Sonning and Wargrave, is rebellishment is added to comfort, give plete with beauties not more estimable promise of a rational intercourse, and than they are various. The fertile meaagreeable neighbourhood, to those who dow, an object irresistibly soothing and are happy enough to “husband out life's attractive, taper" in the retirement of this unos.

(For green is to the eye, what to the ear tentatious village.

Is harmony, or to the smell the rose,) Sonning was formerly a place of considerable consegnence. The bishops of

blends with shady recesses, from which Salisbury held the nianor at the time of the prospect is caught only through unthe Conquest; and the manor house expected breaks. But, agreeable as is (which stood at the base of the bill on

this bank, the pedestrian must often stop which Mr. Palmer's modern residence is

to admire the Oxfordshire hills on the built) was for many centuries their oc

opposite side of the river. On the most casional residence. Isabel, the youthful picturesque of these elevations, is seated queen of Richard II. (on whose naine, it Shiplake-house, the residence of joha may be remembered, that ill-fated mo

Hanscomb, esq.; and in this retreat, the narch so pathetically called, when he writer admits that he has gpent so many found himself betrayed to Hereford,) happy hours, that he might well be susresided at Sonning, during the melan. pected of partiality, should be indulge in choly period which occurred between the

tou florid a vein of description. Yet the first imprisonment, and ultimate in urder, real beauty of the situation, and the corof the king. Who can walk through

rect taste of the owner, demand at least this retired village without attempting to

a passing tribute of praise. retrace the hours of anxiety which were

Shipiske-house was built in the reign there passed by this distressed, and al- of queen Anne, when puspitality was in most infantile, princess? Torn from its zenith; "heil, " instead of being tanher country and friends, and bereit of talized with a dozen of French dishes, the gaudy crown which was her only (which no Frenciman, bowever, would protection, futile indeed must have

venture to taste,) and stared at hy as proved all the soothing charms of this many French servants, dressed better romantic retirement io the unhappy stead of being dragged out, the inoment

than yourself or their own master; inIsabel! Thc tortures of uncertainty were

you have dineil, to take a walk in the added to the oppressive weight of her shrubbery, and wonder at his fordship's ordinary reflections.

A band of con

bad taste, and then frightened away by spirators, (for so they must be called, the appearance of cards and wax-candles; since the new king was able to retain the instcad of this retined luxury, I say, you sceptre,) with sir Bernard Brocas (who

were sure to find a ham and fowis, a lies buried in Westminster abbey) at

piece of roast beef, or a pigeon-pie, and their head, persuaded the young and

a bottle of port-wine, every day in the dethroned queen, that Richard had week; and, if you chose to spend the night

at the house, a warm bed and a hearty

And, very fortunately, the It appears that the marriage was merely difference of a hundred years has proone of form. Isabel was not more than duced little alieration in the temper of swelve years of age when she arrived in the occupiers of this seat. Though Mr. England.

Hanscomb has only within these tew

years

welcome.”

" Vivid green,

216
Il'alks in Berkshire,

[ April 1, years taken possession of the mansion, belonged to these zealous members of the he may be pronounced a century old in church-militant; but the sculptured take hospitality; and never thinks of exhibiting blets, observable in many parts of the his grounds to a visitur, except in the farmn-house, are evidently the fragments morning.

of some more costly structure. Yet the grounds dependent on Ship- At no great distance from Burrough lake-house, are eminently beautiful. Marsh, a branch of the river Loddon The mansion stands on a loity hill; and enters the Thames: and here is to be the chief prospect is viewed through a seen a piece of military antiquity, which glade, where majestic woodland, devious has hitherto passed entirely unnoticed; interstice, and a back-ground replete though Berkshire has produced many with all the mellow charins of distance, literary men, and has been the subject unite to soothe the foelings, and exalt the of inquiry with several recent topogra. imagination:

phical writers. I allude to an embank.

ment, which is thrown up on each side Warm brown, and black opake, the fore. of the narrow bed of the Loddon, for the ground bears

extent of more than a mile; but which is Conspicuous ; sober olive coldly marks contrived in such an angular form, as to The second distance; thence the third leave a considerable space between the declines

interior of the bank, and the margin of In softer blue: of, less'ning still, is lost the river. There appears every reason In fainiest purple."

to suppose that this embankment was Atasmall reinove from Mr. Hanscomb's, made by the Danes; who, in their is the vicarage-livuse of Shiplake; a Berkshiré devastations, constantly horespectable dwelling that demands the vered on the borders of the Thames," attention of the traveiler, from the cir. and who possibly formed this intrench. cumstance of it having been the residence ment as an artificial haven for the small of the Rev. Mr. Granger, who there vessels which attended their incursions. wrote his Biographical History of Eng. It certainly is not known that any battle land. The vicarage is embowered by was fought between the Danes and the trees; and the front windows command English, in the neighbourhood of Waran extensive and agreeable prospect. grave; but, from the suecess which The walks in the neighbourhood seein crowned the efforts of the invaders at dedicated to solitude and meditation. Reading and Wallingford, it is unlikely It was through these shades that Gran- that the natives of the county would venger rambled, while examining the inerits ture to attack the ravagers, in the conof a Plavtagenet or a Stuart; and cold paratively strong.hold constructed by indeed must be the bosom that does not them as a place of resource in time of repeat the sigh once beaved on this spot extreme peril. by the historian, as a tribute to those wbo have long since “ acted their parts," To the Edilor of the Monthly Magasine. and who live only in the tender fancy of SIR, their descendants.

I

HAVE lately bech reading the EsA farm-bouse, on a low plot of ground, says on Professional Education of termed Burrougla Marsb, near which the Mr. Edgeworth. This work exbipedestrian passes in his way to Wargrave, bits the same peculiar characteristics is worthy of examination.

This lone

. Reading, Wallingford, and Hungerford, dwelling, is supposed to have formerly belonged to the knights of St. John of appear to have been the chief stations of the

Danes; and it was in the neighbourhood of Jerusalem. Interspersed in various these three places, that their principal batparts of the buikiing are stones orna- tles with the English were fought. It was mented with grotesque carving; and one probably owing to a surprise from the natives, large room (reporter to have been for- that they omitted to destroy the " great merly a chapci) is wainscoted with oak, barn," at Cholsey, which bears the date of and furnished with fixed oaken seats. 1101, and belonged to that ancient abbey of It is certain, that the knights-templars Cholsey, which was destroyed by the Danes

This had formerly considerable property in before Reading abbey was founded. Berkshire; and the mills in the parish of barn (which is accurately described by Gilpin, Bishanı vet retain the appellation of the yards in length, and is eighteen yards broad.

in his Forest Scenery) is above a hundred Temple Mills

Burroug! Marsh, and The roof is supported by carved pillars, and its appendages, may therefore have the barn cuntalis forr obreshing-places.

as all the other productions of the either wise or consistent? Can it be Edgeworth family; and will, I hope, doubted, that every contribution to our do much good. One remark however, present imperfect knowledge of comparaneither liberal nor just, has struck me in iive anatiny is important? and it it be its perusal, which, as I do not believe worth while to do a ibing at all, is it not the author would knowingly be either worth while to do it well? Lyoncediscoverilliberal or unjust, I shall take leave to ed and dissected four thousand and fortynotice, in the hope that in any future edic one muscles in the cossus caterpillar, a tion it will be omilied or modified. number much greater than has been dis

As an illustraiion of the difference be- covered in the huinan body. Was it tween “useful order, and vain finical likely that this aston shing'assemblage precisi on,” (page 225) Mr. E. contrasts could be described in less space than a the arrangements of Buffon and Linnæus quarto volume? aud was it desirable that, with what he calls “the curious imper- for the sake of avoiding the "curious tinence of Lyonet, who wrote a quarto iinpertinence" of writing more than an volume on the anatomy of a caterpillar." octavo on such a subject, he should Little did poor Lyonet think, when he have left half of thein undescribed, or had exerted every faculty in the produc- described the whole imperfectiy ? So, I tion of a work which the amiable Bonnet will venture to assert, does not the cetermed “l'etonnante et admirable che- lebrated Cuvier think, who has himself nille de Lyonet," and which has called spent much tinie on the anatomy of ine forth universal astonishment and admi- sects, who has had his labor much facie ration, that his labor would be branded litated by Lyonet, and regrets only that with the name of curious impertinence he has not been preceded in this almost by any man of an enlightened under- untrodden path by more Lyonets. Mr. standing. And what is the ground of Mr. E. has judiciously directed the parents E.'s epithet? Does he mean that it was of youth to turn their attention to such impertinence to write at all about the wonders in nature as the fourteen hundred anatomy of a caterpillar; or that the lenses in the eye of a drone bee: why not impertinence consists in writing a quarto add to this the still more astonishing fact, book on what ought to have been dis- that an animal so small and despised as a patched in a pamphlet? I cannot adınit caterpillar should have been furnished the first supposition. Mr. Edgeworth with no less than four thousand muscles? is not one of those who measure the im- And was Lyonet, for furnishing us with portance of natural objects by their cu- this fact, to be called a “ frivolous peLical capacity; and believe, that because dant," and his work a curious imperan elephani is bigger than a caterpillar, it tinence? We praise a Heyne, who spends must be of more importance in the scale his days in illustrating and investigating of creation, If he were, I need but the works of a classical poet; and are we refer him to the remarks of his friend to ridicule a man who occupies himsel Dr. Darwin, in his Phytalogia, on the in exploring the works of nature ? aphidivorous fly, to convince hi'n that

ENTOMOPHILUS. the destruction of an insect so mean, so mninute, would cause a greater gap in nature than even the annibilation of the To the Edilor of the Alonthly Magazine. race of elephants;-I need but refer him SIR, to some late volumes of the Linnean So- N answer to the first question proposed that nur reaping a single acre of wheat is last August, it will be suflicient to observe, dependent on the friendly exertions of an that the custom of placing the aliar at the ichneumou not bigger than a pin's head. eastern end of the sacred editice, appears Yet though I cannot suspect Mr. E. of to be coeval with the regular establishthe vulgar fully of estimating things by ment of christianity. That position was their size, I cannot conceal, that I do assigned to the altar, in order that, during not believe that if Mr.

Carlisle or

the celebration of the mass, the eyes of Mr. llome had written a quarto vo- the congregation might be directed lume on the anatomy of an elephant, he towards Jerusalem, the actual scene of would bare sneered at their labor, or the crucifixion.

For this purpose it called it curious impertinence.

We was thought sufficiently accurate, in those must recur then to the second suppí si. countries which first composed the Lation: Mr. E. objects to writing a quarto tin church, to have the building erectvolume on such a subject. But is this ed due east and west; and when chrisMUNTILY Mag. No. 197.

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218 Negociation of De Bouillon and De Sancy, in 1596. [April 1, tianity was introduced in this island, our their co-operation. In the former year, ancestors who were better skilled in archi (1595,) England had seen with indiffertecture than in geography, blindly follow- ence the Spaniards masters of La Ca. ed what they observed to be the practice pelle, Caielet, Cumbiay, and eren of in those countries from whence they re- Dourlens. This part of Picardy was too ceived their faith; probably without in- far’tiom England in excite any interest; quiring into the origin of the custois', or, but in 1590, the Spirianus, under the if they did, without considering that in conduct of the archidube Albert of Ause this latitude the true bearing was widely tria, preparing to besiege Calais, Elizadifferent. Mr. Hall will find some inge- beth saw, that honour aud interest did nious remarks on this subject, in White's not permit her to let her enemies thus Ilistory of Selbourne.

lay bold on the possessions which this With respect to the position of the English bad so long held in France; officiating minister, I must refer Mr. Hall places besides, u bichi, from a greater vicito his praver-book; and on consulting nity to England than any other, furnished it, he will find that the rubric prefix- an easy method of insulting that island, ed to the communion-office directs cer. and which, by their situation between tain portions to be read," the priest England and the Low-countries, standing at the north side of the table.” fitted wo annoy trade, then very brisk The fanciful analogy Alr. Ilail imagines and beneficiai between the two powers, he has discovered, certainly never entered Henry, on his side, saw the new preten. the heads of the compilers of the liturgy; sions, which bis pecessities, his inisforwho merely wished to vary the reformed tunes, and especially the alarms of Eng: communion-office as much as they possibly land, gave bin towards obtaining the could from the Romani-catholic ritual, succours that Elizabeth had the year according to which the priest stands at before refused. Accordingly be sent the front (i. c. the west side) of the altar into England Sancy, of the house of during the celebration of the mass. Ilarlay, to whom he soon after joined the

W. W. Z. marsbal de Bouillon, in order to solicit

these succours anew, and accelerate their For the Monthly Magazine.

arrival. Sancy found England ayitated

and unresolved: there were some troops ACCOUNT of the NEGOCIATION of MESS. DE

at Dover, ready to embark; sometimes BOUILLON und DE SANCY, in ENGLAND,

the order was given, sometimes revoked; in 1598, for a LEAGUE, OFFENSIVE and

now the levies at London were expedited, DEFENSIVE, againsi SPAIN ; from a

and again disbanded; it was to be feared MANUSCRIPT in the NATIONAL LIBRARY

that Calais would be taken before they at PARIS, marked MANUSCRITS

arrived, and so it happened. The news BRIENNE, vol. 37. Extracted by Y.

was soon spread in London, that it was GALLIARD, and n010 first published in taken, both town and citadel: in conse

quence, the indignation was excessive, TIIS

part of the volume, which in the French; they were reproached, first is tuiled by the negociation of N. de having neglected every thing necessary Lumenie, in 1595. Between these two for the preservation of so important a negociations, there is a visible con- place: the more ibey complained amongst nection; both had the same ohject; thensclves, the less disposed were they that is, to obtain the succour of Eng. to assist them. Sincy, who had no land against Spain: and it may be said, information concerning Calais, took upon that the negociation of M. de Lomenie, him, according to the relation in the although it had not succeeded, had manuscript, to throw out, that he had nevertheless led the way for that of authentic information, that the citadel Ness. de Bouillon and do Sancy, which suill held out, and had promised the king had more success. Ile was besides sent to wait for tlie succours from England. sometimes to England, during the course. This produced, for the moment, the of this last negociation, in order to assist effect of occasioning orders for the elp. the new envoys, and urge the succours barkation of the troops. Upon the ere. which they solicited. It would be need- ning of the same day, (April 20) arrived less to repeat what is said in the other the sieur de Champeron, who had left meunoir, of the joint interests of Henry the king upon the Thursday before at and Elizabeth, io act against Spain; or to Saint Vailery, and bronght the capitulaBiention iiere the obstacles which impeded tion of the citadel af Calais; which was, a

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truce of six days, during which there Louis XIII.; who died in 1621, in the was to be no acrot bostility upí:1) esther possession of that dignity. He was at side: so that whai tht süsti seigneur de the line of the negociation counsellur Sancy bad afhiniet, without having any of state; and the two ambassadors advice of it, luined vut tive. They in- styled him, “ confidential servant of the formed the queen of it; and sent uit on kin." It would be unnecessary to the morrow morning the said sieur de analyze this relation, because it is Chanıperon to bring advice to the king, printed at the end of the works of Will. that the succours were marching. de Vall, together with all the other

This lie, bold, adridi, alid successful, precis, relative to this negociation, was a trick for whick any negociator,

wbich also occur in the manuscript; with under smlar circumstances, myat take the exception of one only, which is bere great credit; and it is smgular, that wholly transcribed: it is a letter of Sancy musel does not mention it in a lleory IV. to queen Elizabeth, wiitten memoir which he presented, under the during the course of the negociation; regency of Mary de Medicis, for reim- and upon an inportant uicident, which bursenient of ihe expenses which he removes a strong difference between the had contracted on account of govern.

recital of Du Vair and that of Sancy This memoir, in which he takes upon the same fact. the tone of a minister deprived of his It is observed, in the account of the ancient tavour, renouncing any recom- embassy of M. de Lomenie, bow much pence, and contining biruself to the Elizabeth regretted the possession of claim of justice ; and where, in conse- Calais, lost by the Eriglish under the querice, le rather exaggerates than reign of her sister Mary; that she had dimmisties much less forgets, even the herself lost it, when offered in exchange smallest service that he has been able for flavre; and that she had made the to render; is printed in the third vol. of cession of it, repeatedly, a condition of the Memoires d'Etut, en suite de ceux de aiding Henry. In 1996, Elzavetli, Villeroy, under this title, “ Discours seting Calais besieged by the Spaniards, fait par messire Nuolus de Harlay. Che conceived new bopes. She thought that culier, Sergneur de Suncy, 8c. Conicile they could not avoid ceding the place to ler du Roi en sis conseils d'estut et her, while she offered either to defend it privé, sur l'occurrence de ses affaires." when it was yet but attacked, or to This discurse contains some very cu

ike it if it should be captured by the rious details upon l.is embassy in Eng- Spaniards: sbe said nothing of this, or land, and the negociation here aluded even hinted anys thing of ide kind, to to; but there is no mention whatever of Sancy, when he pressed the council for the fact, the relation of which, in the the departure of the succours; she promanuscript, does bin so much honour. mised to give the requisite orders, and The succours could not arrive in time: sent Sidney to visit Sancy,

This was the polinc queen teazed (fit passer) the on the 20th of April. On the night fulFrench vivacity by a long round of lowing, she ordered Sidney to set out delays, reproaches, refusals, menaces, for France. Sincy, who ivas informed and pronuses: she breathed nothing but on the next morning by his friends of the peace and amity; notwithstanding which, departure of Sidney, thought that it was her ministers perpetually created ditö- only to advertise the king of the succulties, which the queen appeared always cours; and to inform bis majesiy, that desirous of removing, but did not do so. the said succours were prepared betüre (See the reasons below.]

the coming of the said sieur de Sancy, All these incidents are well exposed in on purpose that the king might take it the relation given in the inanuscript.

betier other majesty. It was doubtless The progress of the negociation is marked what she wished Salicy to believe, if he day by day. The author of this relation should hear of the precipitate departure is a person who assisted at all the con- of Sidney; she meant that Henry, on sultations, and was united with the two receiving through Sidney the proposinegociators; because the said seigneur de tion of abandoning Calais to England, Sancy might be necessitated to depart should remain sull uncertain of the sucbefore the treaty was concludeil, and

cour which he solicited, on purpose that then he could relieve the said seigneur this uncertainty might make him resolve de Bouillon. It was the famous Will. upon it. The next day, on the 21st, de Vair, afterwards bishop of Lisieux, Sancy had an audience of the queen; twice gurde des sceuur in the reign of she did not mention Sidney, but negli

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