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Harold and Tosti, a Tragedy. [April 1, Princes are pamper'd with such soft obedience, Tosti, there's woe enough in store for thee, That suddenly to thwart their resolutions, Serves but to root them firmer.

To glut my hatred. I cannot forget

I have hopes

My Siegwin's reddening when I nam'd my That when his wounded pride begins to heal,

brother :

I love him for it; he seems to know his sire, At my entreaty, Edward takes again

And feel like him ; but has not learnt as yet Thy father into favour. Edi. Plead with zeal,

To veil abhorrence with the smile of love. Thou wilt be heard. Tlie monarch has a

Minstrels sing, during which EDWARD enters,

and EDITHA returns.
H. He has a form, Editha, like the gods. The king of slaughter starts,

When from his iron throne
Edi. Be the soul worthy of it!
I suspect,

Uprears in darken'd air bis shield,
That thy mere wishes, maid, would more

And to the shuddering world

The yell of onset roars; avail Than my entreaties with our youthful For, Edward, on thy head

'Tis thine to hear with gladden'd soul : monarch. Edi. Shall I, when Edward comes, throw Pour'd the resistless flood of boldness down,

The Nornies, from unmeasur'd stores, at his feet

The noblest gift of gods. The daughter's woe; with words and tears of prayer,

When high the tide of tattle flows, Atcempt to soothe his soul into forgiveness ; And wioe the cloud of carnage lours, And clasp his knees, and plead with him for And on the helmet rings the arrowy hail; mercy?

"Tis thine, among the waves of war,
H. Thou wilt not ask in vain. Since To gladly bathe thy strength,
Edward saw thee,

Deep in the sea of wounds
His tongue dwells often on thy beamy eye, Rejoicing plung'd:
Thy golden tresses, and thy lily bosom. For, Edward, on thy head
Oft, o'er the sparkling cup, with throbbing The Nornies, from unmeasur'd stores,

Pour'd the resistless food of toldness down,
Me names Editha ; and no courtier's voice The noblest gift of gods.
May now presume to warble forth thy praise.

The raven, at thy march, Has he not hinted to thyselhis passion? Exulting flaps his wing ; Edi. In Goodwin's hall, where Edward The famish'd wolf forbears chanc'd to see me,

To bay the midnight moon: Oft, when the chace was vocal on the heath, They roll the glistening eye He chose to linger in the women's room, O'er steaming heaths of food. Woo'd me to paint him flowers upon

Behold shield,

yon lovely mais! Or trifled with the scarves that I was pur

Three nights she watch'd to hear fing:

Her conquering lover's cread; At times he courted me to shady walks,

Ac length in slurber's arm she sank :

But night-mares throng around her couch, And, shewing me my figure in the stream,

And to her sleeping ear Would question me if Frea stoop'd from

Bewray her lover's fall.

She wakes--to rest no more,
To view her image in that waveless rill.
H. 'Tis well, sweet niece; I trust he is Save in pale Hela's Jap.

Behold the widow by ber once-lov'd hearth Methinks he might be here: he said his In speechless sorrow sit: train

No more she hears, with silent joy, Should tread upon the heel of Harold's Her husband with his sons converse haste.

Or treedom and of fame.
Do I not hear the trampling of bis horses? Who now shall reach her boy the deeds
These sounds of minstrelsy announce the That after-times record ?

She sinks to endless night! Edi. (aside.) Why do I tremble? Is the Her orphan-children live, coward awe

The bold oppressor's slaves.
With which the slave looks up to a superior, Behold, amid a pitying throngi
The common portion of all them that bear

Upon her slaughter's son
The name of king? Lie still, my busy heart. Tlie sobbing mother hang,
I see I have not bound my hair with powers. And scream aloud;
H. Return, Editha, suon. (Sbe goes.) On The tearful-smiling father boasts,
thy own head,

How nobly bled che youth.
Go, unforeseeing victim, bind the garland;

Bat long in secret coth shall pine, Tot thou lov si Edward to thy uncle's And earlier hide their hoary heade wishes.

Beneath the clay-cold curf.


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Far from the field of fight

Lay it upon those lips, and give it me;
Are felt the woes of war.

And I'll believe thy tale, forestall thy.
Ab! thither turn no more, with ruthless


Find new excuses in my partial breast.
To crush the blooms of bliss,

Edi. I have not seen my father since he
Thou king of armed men.

left thee;
For that has Frea round thy head

But surely that unswerving loyalty
Wreath'd the coil of auburn hair?

To thee, and all our ancient race of kings,
For that in sparkling dew

Heird from his fathers, has not left his Imbath'd thy nut-brown eye?

breast : For tliat thy manly form

He fought thy battles once, and still he loves With Balder's beauty stamp'd ?

thee. No; to the bower of love

H. My liege, restore my brother to your Ó bend the gentler step,

favor. Beneath whose springing tread

If Harold can forgive him, Edward may. The flowret sweeter blooms.

Let the entreaties of his daughter move thee. H. With gratitude that meets thy con

[Withdraws. descension

Edw. Editha, were thy steps within my In rival strides, my royal lord, be welcome.

halls, Edw. Harold, these stately towers of even

There should thy wishes be my law of stone,

These sculptur'd ceilings, from their arched I want a tongue, like thine, whose gentle

Echoing the voice of warbled minstrelsy, Might temper the emotions of my wrath,
These pillar'd halis, and velvet canopies, And quench its sudden blazings, when
Might move my envy; but that Edward's


It injures the dear friendships of my youth.
(Had he such palaces to give) would thus Edi. My lord, thou would'st not that
Bestow them.

I should forsake
H. Harold wears too many marks

My father's home, forget the ties of duty ?
Of Edward's princely soul, and endless

Edw. I know not what I ask: but this I bounty.

Edw. Lovely Editha, hail! why have That some superior spirit from above,

In all the radiance of his heavenly charms,

Would hover round me with a guardian eye,' Stray'd for a moment o'er the objects round

Mildly to warn me, when my hasty passions me, When thou art here, their ladestar? Do we

Make me forget the monarch. O! Editha,

Such offices of kindness might be thine. Cast from us with disdain a motley shell,

Edi. Many in Edward's court are Frea's And disregard its shifting rainbow tints,

daughters When we behold the pearl which it incloses ?

Edw. Since I have seen Editha, other Edi. My lord, you honour me beyond my

charms merits.

Unnotic'd glide before my purged sight, Edau. Below them far. Upon thy fa- Meré bland illusions that I heed no longer ; vour'd head

Like elfen forms, by moonlight robid in
The virgin goddess sure of love and beauty

Look'd with benignant smile; o'erhovers thee, That wither into spectres where 'tis day,
Clings to thy ev'ry motion, accent, look, Edi. Why dost thou borrow Flattery's ready
And moulds them by her own resistless


To throw confusion's crimson veil upon me 3 Hail, loveliest maid! Upon thy flower-soft Edw. (kneels.) O, had I Balder's form to hand

throw before thee, Allow me to exhale the fervent joy

Or Braga's music lurking in my voice, Which thrills my bosom, now we ineet Or from his golden cup that Hermod pour'd again :

The honey of persuasion on my tongue, Hast thou for me no smile, no look of wel. That I might paint my passion as it glows come?

Within this burning breast, then would'se Edi. How should I wear the glittering

thou hear. robe of joy,

Edi. To virgin ears, my lord, a father's When grief confines my heart? The king's


Should first converse of love. I pray you,
Glooms on my father-I bewail his fate.
Edw. Smile thou, no frown remains on Edw. But should thy father frown upon
Edward's brow.

mine eyes


our union, Thou art the arbitress of Tosti's fortune : Those azure eyes will look e'en him to mild. Whate'er thou wilt that I should think of hini, That voice alune would win him: it may adı,





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Heed my

212 On the Means of bettering the Condition of the Poor. [April 1, That I shall ever venerate the hero,

This evening then, when the repast is overa That I repent of my ungrateful anger,

H. Thy wishes are the law of all my And that tiie hasty hand which snatch'd his .

actions. earldom Will double every grant that it resum'l. (King of Slaugbter.) Odin was the war.god Atonement wins e'en harshness to forgive of our northern ancestors. Tostisbal learn to love ine. Learn it too.

(Normies) were the Parcæ of Gothic mya Before niine eye had wander'd e'er thy form,

thology. Had nestled in the ringlets of thy hair,

Night - mares; pr Night-maids, as it should Or bath'd in beaven's mild azure in thy be transluled) were of the race of elves, and look,

supposed to dispense dreams. There were, whose arms to Edward's wishes (Frea.) The Goths, in the true spirit of op'd

their ure manners, adored Frea, a virgin, as Their ivory portals, and whose glistening

the goddess of love and beauty. eye

(Balder) was the handsomest of Odin's Was dewy with desire that he inspir'd, Upon whose panting bosom he reclin'd

(Braga) was god of music and poetry, As in Valhalla. From the hour I view'd

and ceiebrated the heroes in Valballa, the thee,

paradiso' the dead. Those arms have vainly beckon'd my return,

(Hermod) presided over eloquence. Those eye: elicit no responsive gaze,

(End of the first Ait.) Those bosoms heave and flutter unobserv'd. Edi. My lord, you trouble me, farewell.

For the Montily Magazine, (HAROLD, who,during the interview, comes once On the means of BETTERING the cox or twice into the room, when be secs EDITHA

DITION f the POOR. retiring, comes forword.)

LETTER II. Edw. Yet stay, yet hear, at least look N back upon me.

cioned a section of the statute 43 Wilt thou not grant me, after the repast, One short half-hour of converse ?

Elizabeth, which is the basis of our

system of the poor-laws, and which well prayer.

deserves to be mentioned. I: is this: She gave me no denial-I may hope And while I spoke, methought her eyes grew

“ The church ardens and overseers, languid,

or the greater part of thein, by the leave Closing like evening flowers to chalice dew. of the lord on the manor, whereuf any She drew a shorter breath ; and wandering waste or common within the parish is blushes,

parcel, and on agreement made with Like northern lights reflected upon snow, him in writing, under his hand and Quiver'd along her bosom.—Harold, come: seal; or otherwise according to any order Thou know'st the forfeit lands of Ulf and

to be set down by the justices in sessions, Game!,

by like leave and agreement of the lord, Whom Tosti in rebellion crush'd and slew;

in writing, under his hand and seal; may They are for thee. H. Monarch, a life of service

build, in ft and convenient places of ha

bitation in such waste or common, at Will not acquit my debt of gratitude. Edw. A single hour may overpay it all:

the charge of the parishi, or otherwise of Make me but happy in Editha’s love.

the county or hundred aforesaid, to be H Think you to halve the throne with rated and gathered in manner as before exTosti's daughter,

pressed, convenient houses of dwelling for Affianc'd as you are ?

the said impotent poor.” 43 Eliz. c. ii. $5. Edw. Half of my throne

“ Impotent poor” would be construed Were still too little to express my passion ; here, as it has been construed in orber 'But England's interests are sacred to me. instances, not poor wholly unable to 11. What must I do?

maintain themselves, but ponr in want Edw. Aid me to bear her hence :

of occasional relief: which almost every And, as thy guest, convey lier to my palace:

labourer in husbandry, or working maFlere she will never yield, while those are

nufacturer, now is. The difficulty is, nigh With whom she has the habit to be virtuous; tively scarce, from the number of

that comings are becoming comparaAt Windsor, half resisted, half allow'd, } shall obtain my wishes, and forgiveness.

enclosures; and the waste of the manor, H. She may imagine that I journey with which is the only other alternative given you,

by the act, often becomes personal proBut leave me here: let it seem done by perty under the enclosure; or, where it force,

iloes not, is often inconveniently situated, That she is hurried from me.

both for the poor, and in other respects. Be it so.

One great object, if a poor man be




industrinus, is the having a little land of a nosegay composed of those simple adjoining to his cottage, either for a flowers that lie bidden under the hedge potatoe-ground or otherwise, according, which skirts his path, and which the in circumstances,

more consequential passenger passes with When political economy was in its in- indifference or contempt. fancy, which is even now far less ada On leaving the town of Reading, vanced toward its maturity than it through the Forbury, the lofty hills of ought to be, the idea of annexing land to Oxfordshire, and the rich vale divided cottages, for the convenience and come between the two counties of Oxford and fort of the poor, had even then been en- Berks by the bold course of the Thames, tertained; and there was an attempt to present the traveller with a display emisecure it, but by the worst of all possible nent for the variety and beauty of its

s-compulsion. The act of legisla- points: and this scene of enchanting ting is like that of government in all its simplicity gathers additional charms from branches; and those who would reign per the artificial contrast afforded by the manently, beneficially, or even effectually, massive ruins of the great mitred abhey must take care not to reign too much. of Reading, which lie spread in sullen

The 31st of Eliz. c. vii. having prohi. magnificence along the back-ground. bited cottages to be built for the poor, Toward this splendid wreck the trawithout laying four acres of land to veller unavoidably törns with curiosity. them at least, it was found that the effect The building was founded by Henry I. in was, not to obtain land for the poor, but the year 1121, and is said to have been to prohibit cottages. And as this effect compicted in 1124. The monks were encreased as the value of land en- originally in nuinber two hundred, and creased, this act was, with great pru- were of the Benedictine orier. Some dence and political benevolence, at idea of the splendour in which the abbot length repealed, by 15 Geo. III. c. 32. was accustomed to reside, may be (anno 1775;) which very truly set forth formed from the following circumstance: that it had laid the industrious poor In the year 1305, the monastery was conunder great difficulties to procure habi- siderably in debt, and divers retrenchtations, and tended very much to lessen ments were found to be absolutely nepopulation, and in divers other respects cessary; in obedience to this convicwas inconvenient to the labouring part tion, the abbot lessened the number of of the nation in general.

his servants, and thenceforward retained It is, I think, apparent, that the ohe only thirty-seven. stacles to the building of babitations for Several parliaments were held in the the poor are such, as to call for an en- great hall of Reading abbey; and many crease of the powers of parish-offi- bishops were consecrated in the abliey cers and inagistrates for that purpose. church. It was bere likewise that EliHow this might be done with the least zabeth, queen of Edvard IV., was first inconvenience to parishes, and with the preseuced to the people as the consort greatest benefit to the industrious poor, of their sovereivel. This ceremony took may perhaps be the subject of a third place at Michaelmas, 1461. The queen letier

was led through the church by the duke Troston-hull, Jan. 1810. Capel Lofft. of Clarence, and the earl of Warwick.

The chief vobility were ainong the specTo the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. tators; and the Forbury resounded with

WALKs in BERKSHIRE.-- -No. 11. the acclamave ns of the men of Berkshire. SIR,

On inspection, it wiil clearly appear IT

T was in the month of October that that the walls of this ancient building

I resumed those walks, to one of were chiefly composed by laying course which you were so obliging as to give after course of the coating stone; the in, publicity in a recent Number of your terstices being tilled with mortar, mixed Magazine. When I projected an account

with small flints. In some instances, of these little excursions, it was with a no layers of coating stone appear to have view of trying whether a detail of such been employed; and then it is supposed, trivial circumstances as present them- boards were used to confine the liquid şelves to every pedestrian, even in the wall, till it acquired the consistency circle immediately round home, would necessary for self-dependence. Some not prove interesting, if not instructive; delicate specimens of Saxon inste bave is the industrious florist might assured: beco discovered on various solid bodies la gratify an intelligent mind by the viler of bard lime-stone, which forinerly con



1/alks in Berkshire,

[April 1, stituted the mouldings of this august formerly stood on this site, Anne of fabric.

Denmark, queen of James Í. was enIt is impossible to contemplate the tertained in a splendid manner by the ponderous ruin, without reflecting on the lord Knolles,' then possessor of the contumely with which the memory of estate; and here Charles I. the unfortu-' the founder has been treated. Henry I. nate son of that queen, had an interview died in Normandy; and his body, rudely with his children during that calamitous embalmed, and wrapped, as it is said, in intestine war, in which regal severity, tanned ox-hudes, was brought to Eng- and puritanical deceit, struggled to outdo land in great state. King Stephen met each other in acts of turbulence and the body at Reading, and assisted in bloodshed. supporting the bier, when the remains of

The modern dwelling of the Palmer the aged sovereign were interred before family, announces the approach of the the high altar in the abbey church.* pedestrian to the village of Sonning. But we are informed by Sandford, that The situation of this house is peculiarly at the time of the Reformation, the king's happy. The building is seated on an comb was destroyed, and the bones were enuinence, and is surrounded by fantastic contemptuously 's thrown out."

ranges of underwood; while the majestic The pedestrian will look in vain for current of the Thames meanders at its an island near the abbey," on which a base, and regales the eye with chivalric duel was fought in the reign of thousand sedgy recesses and fairy nooks. Henry II. The course of the river is so The house, however, has little claim entirely altered, that no island is any to approbation. It is too lofty for its longer perceptible; yet by such a terin width, (an error peculiarly offensive in was the spot designated, on which Ro- the construction of a country resiilence;) hert de Montfort and Henry de Essex and possesses no determinate character, fought, in the year 1163. Henry de, either of ancient or modern architecture. Essex was hereditary standard-bearer to If this building should pass to posterity the king of England; and, in an engage- as a specimen of the taste of the age, it ment which Henry I!. maintained with appears that one particular only-the the Welsh, he was seized with a panic, judicious choice of site--- will obtain apand threw down the standard, on a false plause. The increase of descriptive alarm of the king's being slain, or taken poetry, and the excellence attained by prisoner. For this act of cowardice he the landscape-painters of the period, was challenged by De Montfort; and an have indeed rendered very general a re“ island near the abbey of Reading" gard for elevated situations. Thus we was named by the king as the place of return, from a principle of taste, to the combat. The conflict was gallantly sup- moue in use with the very early ages ported by both parties: but at length from a motive of necessity. In days of Essex fell, covered with wounds; and the baronial contention, the founder of a king, concluding that he was slain, gave magnificent abode placed his frowning the monks permission to inter his body. edifice on the summit of the loftiest hill, But, when taken to the abbey, Essex indifferent to the winds of winter, '

bea revived; and, on his complete recovery cause that spot promised personal sebeing effecteu, he assumed the habit of curity to himself and his ambitious the Benedictine order, and spent the family. When “ the union of the roses," remainder of his days in pious offices. and the introduction of commercial

Numberless rare assemblages of pic- habits, removed all apprehension of turesque scenery will tempe the traveller predatory incursions, our unpolished to pause as lie prosecutes his walk along ancestors looked with a listless' or disa the banks of the Thames, towards the dainful eye on the sweetest attractions of village of Souning; and when he reaches rural nature; and, while they placed the point which faces the noble mansion their mansion in the depth of a valley of Caversham, circumstances of historic impervious to the northern wind, they legend will unite with the charins of na- trimmed the fire on the hearth, and tural beauty, to affect his mind with thought themselves the wisest of men.' interesting images. In the edifice which The day is now arrived, in which a cor.

rectness of taste triumphs over the apSpeed says, that Henry's queen was in- prehensions prevalent in both these eras terred with him in the collegiate church of of our country; and the painter and the the abbey, and that both the bodies were poet possess the merit of having en. & veiled and crowned,"

couraged such an admiration for nature,

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