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These remarks are fully illustrated in in your last Magazine, brings to my ra, the character before us. Shakspeare, collection a story of a similar nature, whose knowledge was derived from that that was once told me by Messrs. Orhmau infallible source, the page of Nature, had and Nutt, who forinerly worked for not studied it so much in vain, as to be Messrs. Snetzler and Jones, organ-buildignorant of the principal feature in it-ers, in Stephen-street, Tottenham-court, that “ foolish compounded clay, man." road. Falstait is represented by him, as teeming About or nearly thirty years ago, a with the striking and prevalent imper- person came in great baste, between sefections of his fellow.creatures; though ven and eigbe in the evening, and knock, they are so weli adjusted and proporo ing turiously at the door of Mr. Jones, toned, as not to "outstep the modesty (the then surviving partner) told him, as of nature," or to injure the whole. It soon as he recovered his breath, that he is inis coinbination of features, this com must go immediately to the concert of position of parts, which in poetry, as well ancient music (then in Tottenham-street); as in the other tine arts, displays the ta as the company was mostly assembled, lents of a master. Where there exists as well as the inusicians, who wished to in the character some leading trait, or tune their instruments previous to the passkon, to which all other atfections are entrance of their majesties; but although subordmate, the task is far less difficult the gentleman at the organ bad been putto execute; since we have, as it were, a ting down the keys, and he had himself centre given to which inferior principles been blowing with all his might, they of action converge. Hence the hero of a could not, with their joint efforts, make play, to whom the poet dias assigned some the organ speak. simple object, which must atfect every Mr. Jones therefore immediately set source of conduct, may be a character out; and, thinking that some accident Teally much easier to delineate, than one must have happened to the bellows, or whose part appears to be of secondary wind-trunk, went first to the back of the consequence. Iago evinces more labour organ without going into the room; when, and genius than Othello; and Shylock finding the machinery apparently in perthan Antonio. In the same inanner, fect order, he entered the orchestra Falstaff exhibits the talents of the poet in his common working-dress, which more than any other personage introdu- he had not had time to change; where he ced. It may here be observed, that his found all the sprucely-dressed inusicians, tory, unless very remote or obscure, must with their instruments in their hands, cramp the faculties of the poet, and con. waiting for the spell to be taken off the fine his range of invention. As it was organ, and the “full chord of D" to set often the fate of Shakspeare, to have no other model than the stiff forms afforded Sitting down to the organ, Mr. Jones by the pencil of the historian, or fre. now put down the keys with one hand, quently the bare outline of the annalist, having, as it were mechanically, with the 50 he ever considered thein (as, to the other, first drawn out one of the stops; poet tbey certainly should be) as the ba- when lo! the organ uttered its barmosis on which imagination is at liberty 10 nious sounds as freely as ever it had done, raise a splendid superstructure. It is from to the astonishment of the gentleman who this consideration, that we learn to estic had before been at the keys; who ab mate the merit of Shakspeare in his his. length perceived ibat, far from having, torical plays; some of which show how like the organist of Norwich, drawn out much inay be done by the poet, even the whole range of stops and wished for where the subject and its particulars are inore, be bad forgotten to draw any of neither distant nor obscure. In my next them. letter, I will continue my observations, Whether this absent gentleman was and introduce you sure intimately to tie the celebrated Mr. Juan Bates, who ac company of our corpulent kmght, Top that time used generally to take the organ μεγαν και θαυμασο». For the present, and conduct that concert, I was not inadieu.

A. B. E. formed. And indeed, I should hardly

suppose it could be be, were it not that, To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. besides absence of mind being by va SIR,

means an unusual concomitant of meu THI THE account of the opening of the of genius, he had an additional cause as

organ at Aylsham, in the Extracts well as excuse for such absence; for, from the Pori-folio of a Mao of Letters, being about that tine smitten with the 1


them going.

charms of miss lfarrup, although his pride them, might at the time be wana tingers were wandering over the keys of dering toward the lady. the organ, his thoughts, which ouglit to

For the Monthly Magazine.


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January 45 14 32,6 30,11 | 28,46 29,516 3,50


29 | 41, 30,40 28,50 99,613 2,53 March 30 42.95 | 30,50 29,13 80,090

,56 April 57 27 41.21 30,51 28,95 29,808 1,20

May 76 S4 | 54,7 S0,32 | 29,21 29,908 3,75

70 99 55 07 30,57 | 29,09 29,9051 2,85

51 59,35 30,48 29,43 29,932 1,84 August 70 51 57,91 29,94 | 29.30 29,092 5,19 September 68 SS

$3 59,6 30,15 29,20 29,700 4,95 October 61 36 51,22 30,32 | 29,76 30,150 ,38 November 51 20 | 40,41 30,48 | 29,12 29,938 1,84 Deceinber 51 139,83 30,04 28,00 29,458 3,18

14 20 16

6 19 19 14 27 18 26

15 24 12 11 17



9 28 22

7 11 23




An. Mean 47,4875 Annual Mean 29,811 31,77 196 220 145

Total Cotal. Total. / Total General Remarks on the Weather, 8c. pleasant. Towards the end of the month,

observed at Carlisle, during the year we had some showers of snow and sleet, 1809.

at which time suow was observed on the AVUARY was marked by a slic surrounding mountains.

April.--The weather during this structive weather we ever witnessed; month was extremely severe and unreathe former part of the month was ex- sonable; the average temperature of ceedingly storing, with heavy fails of several days, was nearly as low

the snow, rain, and sleet: from the 18:h till freezing point. We had some very heavy the 27th, we had a most intensely severe fails of snow, and the mountains were frost, accompanied with a strony perle. clothed in wbite during the whole of the trating east wind; on the 23d, 2116, and month. It will be observed, on inspect25th, an excessive quantity of snow fell, ing the table, that the average tempe. the average depth of the whole about rature of this month is lower than that twenty inches: a inild thaw, with heavy of the preceding, and nearly the same as ruin, and commencer on the 27th; melt. February. Norwitti-tanding the extremne ed the snow suddenly, w bich swelled the coldness of the season, some strayyling rivers here beyond their bounds to such a hirundines were seen in this district, as degree, that immense damage was done, early as the 12th of this month; but they and much private property destroyed. were not numerous till about three weeks

February --The nucan temperanre of after this period. this month (419) is in this climate one May was very cold and gloomy, with tisually high for the season. This liigh showers of hail, till the 7th; it alterirards degree of temperature is


was dry, bright, and pleasant, till the wih very stormy weather; and during the 1.100. In the afternoon of that day, former part of the south, min fell in storm of thunder and lichining ocsuch torrenis, as 10 cause the rivers to curred, which has attended with a me micrfow their banks and adjoining low lancholy accident: a young man driving grounds, for the space of four or five some cattle in a lane leading to Broad

field, about eighit miles from this city, March was remarkably dry, and, with was struck dead by the lightning; the some tiitling exceptions, temperaię and electric fuid passed through his head,




shattering it in a most dreadful man- this part of the country. A heavy and ner. On the 16th, we were again visited incessant rain from the east commenced by a violent sturm of thunder and light here on the morning of the 18th, and ning, accompanied with showers of liail, continued without intermission coil the which commenced about seven or eight following morning; when the rivers o'clock in the morning, and, with soine which envirou Carlisle, the Eden, the short intervals of cessation, continued Caldew, and the Peterill, Overflowed till night; the thunder was at times their banks to an extent never before dreadfully loud, and the lightning very witnessed; and exhibited a scene of disdense and vivid. The weather conunued tress, of which it is ditlicult to express very sultry and moist, with much light- an adequate idea. The greatest proportion ning and distant thunder, till the 26tb; of destruction was eficcted by the Cal. the remainder was extremely wet and dew, whose mountain-torrent swept away cold, and the mountains in this neigh- every thing before it; caitle and sheep bourhood were completely covered with were carried down by the current, and $now.

immense quantities of grain were swept June.—The heavy rains which oc- away and entirely lost; at times, the tood curred at the cominencement of this presented the singular appearance of month, caused another considerable in- muoving fielis of corn;

houses were undation here, which was productive of washed down, and furniture of almost much injury to the crops in the low every description Hoated away; a great grounds, ihe mountains at this time number of bridges were destroyed; ma. erere cuiered with snow. The weather nutacturing machinery, timber, trees, continued showery and remarkably cold fences, &c. were all carried away in one till the 18th; the remainder was fair and promiscuous ruin. The losses sustained exceedingly pleasant.

by this terrible deluge are incalculable. July. The mean temperature of this October,- The weather during this month (59,35) is unusually low for the month was mill, calm, dry, and pleasant; season; the weather was dry, and on the and the temperature and density remarka whole very favourable for securing the ally equal: such a series of fair and brit bay. On the 26th we had some lightning, liant weather, without trosi, as that exand distant thunder.

perienced this month, is in our climare, August.-The weather during tiis in this season of the year, a very uncommonth was excessively wet ani gloomy, mon occurrence.

The birundines were which vot only impeded the barresi, unusually late in leaving us this seitsam : but was also attended with considerable these birds were in Hiseks on the 27th of jujury to the grain. During the night of last month; after which time wone were the 17th, the sky was illuminated with seen till the 15th of this month, when incessant gleams of lightning.

considerable numbers collected again; September. - This month, like the last, alier this, the numbers decreaser gradual was excessively wet: ne seldom hare ly, the last stacy'ers being seen on the 2ed. witnessed a season more unfavourable Ncember continued inild and dry, for harvesting the grain than the pre- and remarkably fine, till the 13:h; thie sent; during this, and the last month, rain which teil during this periu (seven only eleven of the sixty-one days were seeks) of uninterrupted time wealdiet, fair. From the 19th of July till ille end amounted to only halt an inch in deptti. of this month, the variations of temple Aiter the 15ih, the weather was varie rature and density were very trifimg; alle, and frequently very severe; when the invariable wet weather, and westerly intense trosi, -p0w, leet, and in id rain, winds, produced a sort of crisis in the occurred in succession. On the 1911, atmosphere. Notwithsianding the un. the first was particularly severe, the cummon humidity, the mean height of atrace remperature being eight degrees the barometer for this period (29,7 below the freezing point, at which time inches) is only one-lenth of an inch all our imountains were clothed on white. and a spall fractional part below thie December,--The weather throughout general mean; yet, excepting a few hours the whole of this months, excepting iwo on the 15th of this month, the mercury, or three mornings of huar frust, was mild, during those ten weeks, was constantly humid, and gloomy; and during the below thirty inches. But the principal former halt of the minth, the wind was occurrence to be recorded this month, is often very violent, and accompanied with one of the inost alarming and destructive hea:y falls of ball and sleet. On the jubudations that were ever experienced in night of the 14tili, tre had a dreadlul



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Hurricane from the south; and on the requires experience, judgment, taste, and succeeding night, much vivid lightning. feeling. The barometer, during this month, and

C. I. SMITH. the latter half of the preceding, was remarkably variable: the vibrations of the To the Editor of the Monthly Magasine. mercury, at times, was equal to two

SIR, tenths of an inch in an hour. On the morning of the 15th, the barometer Y MR

TOUR correspondent T. who has

addressed you on the subject of was 28,06 inches, the greatest depres, the scenery of Esthwaite Water, which sion of the mercury that has occurred he improperly terins “ Esthwaite Lake," since the commencement of this register: confines his observations to a few acres it is 1,77 inches below the general of ground, fornying but a small portion, mean, and inakes the extreme range of and what hy no nieans the most interthe barometer for the last nine years, 2,8 estiny, of the country he wishes to bring inches. The mountains in this neigh into general notice. I reside nearly a bourhood covered with

mile from Esthwaite Water; and I assert nearly the whole of ihis month. The average of the thermoineter and abound with innumerabie inusquitoes

that the meadows bordering on the water barometer, for the whole year, is nearly during the months of July, Augu-t, and equal to the general average; both are a Septeinber. Their bite is equal in effect small fractional quantity lower.


to that of the same venomous insect in quantity of rain exceeds that of the ge the West Indies. Every gentleman near neral average 2,165 inches.

Hawkshead, as well as Mr. Hawkrigg, Carlisle, Jan. 3, 1810. W. Pitt.

who rents Strickland Ease, is ready to

bear testimony to the existence of mus. To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. quitoes at that place. It is about forty

years since they appeared in the neighe SIR,

bourhood of Esthwaite, and it is supN my paper on the Musical Terms posed their rygs were brought in a sugaro

used by the ancient Greeks, in your cask from Lancaster. Mr. T. shews Jast Magazine, is an unfortunate omis.

little taste in comparing the peninsula sion in page 122, column 2, line 17.

to Mr. Curweu's retreat at Belle-Isle The sentence, if complete, would run

on Windermere; and he relates a cire thus: “ Because simple an instru. ment as a bullet, affixed to a piece Curwen's islaid, which I have great

cumstance respecting an offer for Mr. of tape graduated into inches, would

reason to believe has not taken place. give the precise time in which a

Field Head, near Huwksheud.

I. L composer intends his movement should be played or sung.". The little ivory To the Editor of the Monthly Mugazine. measures used by the ladies, will answer this purpose very well: but still better SIR, if the case is made of brass

, the specinia I Nesong in your Magazine for last

N answer to the letter of Mr. Mol. gravity of that melal being greater than that of ivory. I cannot but regret that our month, I beg leave to say, that the ideas old ccclesiastical composers did not trans- in my Essay on Musical Genius and mit down to posterity the precise time Composition originated solely with myin which their grave and truly devotional self. I never saw his essay entitled compositions (if played in a proper Melody the Soul of Music, nor have I time) ought to be performed. Young ever accidentally heard or read of it. The and inexperienced organists would do assertion that I make an allusion to his well to consult the specimens of various essay in the expression “ Body of Music," church-composers, published by Dr. was certainly premature, and to me apo Crotch, in his second volume of Speci- pears very ridiculous. If any one of your niens; and pay that deference in his nuinerous readers should have an oppor.. sound judgment, to which his high tunity of comparing the two conpositalents, and the honour conterred upon tions, which I have not at present myhim by a famous university to hill the self, he will much oblige me by declaring chair of their professor of music, so justly upon examinatio:), whether the reseinentitle him. Much might be said on blance between them is of su suspicious this subject, if professors were inclined a nature, and the coincidences so striking, to avail themselves of every opportunity as to entitle mine to the appellation of of improvement, instead of thinking they "a literary.curiosity." “were already perfect," in an art which Great Marlou.

A. B. E.



of Kent.

with you


For the Monthly Magazine.

Edi. Are we not all like children, my HAROLD AND TOSTI,

good uncle ; A Tragedy, in three Acis, wirb Chorus. Prone to mistrust and fear whate'er we know

not, Edward, King of England, afterwards ibe Too prone perhaps to trust in those we Confessor.

know? HAROLD,

H. Dost thou mistrust me, niece?
Johs of Goodwin, lite Earl

Edi. Thee, uncle; wherefore ?

What hast thou done that should alarm me EDITHA, daugbter of Tosti.

to it? Miastrels in i be pay of HAROLD.

H. In troth, I know not. I had misconThe Sene is in.ibe castle of HAROLD, at

ceiv'd thee. Pentaskeworth, in Monmouthsbire.

Edi. My father, if I err not, has been Scere.—Ibe vestibule 10 a long Gothic ball, whence : be view extends between pillars over rbe In all this journey thro' the gladden'd realm: wbate room, as the farther end of wbicb is

He follows wich the king? situated tbe minstrel's gallery.


I cannot say.

Edi. How so? is he no longer of the train ? A. THE messenger I sent thee, to 3n. 1. Tosti bas not a brother's love for

Harold. That Edward, from his usnal progress swerving, Some days ago, at Windsor, Edward men. Would grace thy uncle's castle with his

tion'd presence,

His predecessor, Hardiknute the Dane, No doubt, arriv'd.

Who, as thou know'st, was poison'd by earl Edi. He did; and thy Editha

Osgold, Has strewn the rushes for this royal visit; Whose wife he had seduc'd. The feeling Even the pomp-wont king shall own that

king Harold's

Spoke with watm pity even of the tyrant Magnificent and hospitable mansion

That stood between him and the throne; Deseri'd his presence.

but Tosti H. Thank thee, gentle niece; Frown'd bitterly, and gnaw'd his stiff’ning Thy soft actentions I have long experienc'd,

lip; For which my gratitude is all thy gain. Swore he would dip bis dagger in the breast Edi. is not my uncle's love an ample of any man, that io his wife should whisper payment?

The prayer of wanton lust. I smil'a in scorn H. Since my Matilda, dying, to these Art thou not pale, Editha ? Wherefore hands

tremble? Consign'd our infant son, thou art my Edi. I know the sternness of my father's comfort :

anger ; 'Twas thy soft band that wip'd my falling The very picture chills me to the heart: tear ;

But 'tis a noble soul that animales Thy voice, thy presence, from these desert His boiling bosom. halls

H. 'Tis a rash, unruly, That chas'd the lonely silence, which my Unpardoning, soul, that dwells in his strong grief

breast. Awhile delighted in, but soon thought irk. It vex'd the king to be so rudely thwarted. some ;

Soon afrer, when I utter'd him my castle, 'Twas thou, who taught'st a cheerful sun to Thy jealous father started up, and stamp'd; shine

And, with swoln nostril, and a mouth all, Upon Pentaskeworth.

foam, Edi. This is over-rating

His rolling eye-balls crimson with his wrath, The weak endeavours of my bounden duty. Burst toward me, and seiz'd nie by the hair, Thou art not gay to-day. Hast seen thy

And dash'd me angrily upon the floor, child,

Then left us suddenly. And kiss'd a smile into bis rosy face,

Edi. My deat, dear father! Since thy arrival ?

H, I hou weep'st: I too, when anger H. I have clasp'd my darling,

left me, we;st And the dear litile Siegwin smii'd upon me;

To find a brother could be so unkind. And, at my bidding, first to-day has call'd The king, en bitter'd that his sacred preHis father “Harold.” Then I bade him utter

Check'd not the rage of Tosti, doom'd his The name of Tosti; but his foolislı soul

exile; Shrunk as with sudden horror from the Resum'd his earldom of Northumberland, sound.

And gave it me. He cried, and strove, and will not stile Edi. You will not take it, sir? again.

Il, Patience, Editha; all

myyyet be well, MONTHLY MAG, No. 197.




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