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These remarks are fully illustrated in in your last Magazine, brings to ny rethe character before us. Shakspeare, collection a story of a similar nature, whose knowledge was derived from that that was once told ine by Messrs. Orhmaa infallible source, the page of Nature, had and Nutt, who formerly worked for not studied it so much in vain, as to be Messrs. Snetzler and Jones, organ-buildignorant of the principal feature in it--ers, in Stephen-street, Tottenham-court, that “ foolish compounded clay, man." road. Falstaitis represented by him, as teeming

About or nearly thirty years ago, a with the striking and prevalent imper- person came in great haste, between sefections of his fellow.creatures; though ven and eight in the evening, and knock, they are so well adjusted and propor- ing furiously at the door of Mr. Jones, tioned, as not to " (utstep the modesty (the then surviving partner) told him, as of nature," or to injure the whole. It soon as he recovered his breath, that he is tois combination of features, this com- must go inmediately to the concert of position of parts, which in poetry, as well ancient music (then in Tottenham-street); as in the other fine arts, displays the ta- as the coinpany was mostly assembled, lents of a master. Where there exists as well as the inusicians, who wished to in the character some leading trait, or tune their instruments previous to the passion, to which all other atfections are entrance of their majesties; but although subordmate, the task is far less difficult the gentleman at the organ bad been puts to execute; since we have, as it were, i ting down the keys, and he had himself centre given to which inferior principles been blowing with all his might, they of action converge. Hence the hero of a could not, with their joint efforts, make play, to whom the poet iras assigned some the organ speak. simple object, which must atfect every Mr. Jones therefore immediately set source of conduct, may be a character out; and, thinking that some accident really inucli easier to delineate, than one must have happened to the bellows, or whose part appears to be of secondary wind-trunk, went first to the back of the consequence. Iago evinces more labour organ without going into the room; when, and genius than Othello; and Shylock finding the machinery apparently in perthan Antonio. In the same manner, fect order, he entered the orchestra Falstaff exhibits the talents of the poet in his common working-dress, which more than any other personage introdu- he had not bad time to change; where he ced. It may here be observed, that his found all the sprucely-dressed inusicians, tory, unless very remote or obscure, must with their instruments in their hands, cramp the faculties of the poet, and con. waiting for the spell to be taken off the fine his range of invention. As it was organ, and the “ full chord of D" to set often the fate of Shakspeare, to bave 110 other model than the stiff forms afforded Sitting down to the organ, Mr. Jones by the pencil of the historian, or fre. now put down the keys with one hand, quently the bare outline of the annalist, having, as it were mechanically, with the 50 he ever considered thein (as, to the other, first drawn out one of the stops; poet tbey certainly should be) as the ba- when lo! the organ uttered its barmosis on which imaginacion is at liberty 10 nious sounds as freely as ever it had done, raise a splendid superstructure. It is from to the astonishment of the gentleman who this consideration, that we learn to esti. had before been at the keys; who at mate the merit of Shakspeare in bis his. length perceived that, far from having, torical plays; some of which show how like the organist of Norwich, drawn out much inay be done by the poet, even the whole range of steps ind wished for where the subject and its particulars are inore, he had forgotten to draw any of neither distant nor obscure. In my next them. letter, I will continue my observations, Whether this absent gentleman was and introduce you more intimately to tie the celebrated Mr. Jual Bates, who ar company of our corpulent knight, Ton that time used generally to take the organ μεγαν και θαυμασον. . For the present, and conduct that coucert, I was not inadieu,

A. B. E. formed. And indeed, I should hardly

suppose it could be he, were is not that, To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. besides absence of mind being by na SIR,

means an unusual concomitant of men THE account of the opening of the of genius, he liad an additional cause as from the Pori-fulio of a Man of Letter, being about that tine smitten with the 1

charms sliatching hurricane

them going.

206

Weather at Carlisle during last Year. [April 1, charms of miss Isarrup, although his mide them, might at the time be wantingers were wandering over the keys of dering toward the lady. the organ, his thoughes, which ought to

For the Monthly Magazine.
METEOROLOGICAL ABSTRACT for the last TWELVE MONTHS at CARLISLE.

Wind.

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Days of Rai,

Snow, &c.

E. S.W.N.E. S. & N. & S. E. N. W.

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,56

Higli Low Mean High | Low Mean Inches
January 45 1492,6 30,11 28,46 29,510 3,50
February 50 29 41, 30,40 | 28,50 99,613 2,33
March

30 42.95 30,50 29,18 30,090
April 57 27 41.21 50,54 28,95 29,868 1,20
May 76 S4 54,7 30,82 | 29,21 29,908 3,75
June 70 S9 55 07 30,57 | 29,09 29,905 2,85
Huly 76 51 59,35 | 30,98 29,43 29,932 1,84
August 70 51 57,91 29,94 | 29.30 29,092 5,19
September 68 S3 59,6 30,15 | 29,20 29,700 4,95
October 61 36 51,22 30,32 29,76 30,150
November 51 20 40,41 30,48 29,12 29,938 1,84
Deceinber 51 31 39,83 30,04 28,00 29,438 3,18

18 17 17

15 24 12 11 17

28 22

19 19 14 27 18 26 14 27

12

,38

16

11 23

An. Mean 47,4875 Annual Mean 29,811 31,77 196 220 145

Toral Cotal. Total. Total General Remarks on the Weuther, &c. pleasant. Towards the end of the month,

observed at Curlisle, during the year we had some showers of snow and sleei, 1809.

at which tinie snow was observed on the JACE

ANUARY was marked by a sic- surrounding mountains.

cession of the most severe and de- April.- The weather during this structive weather we ever witnessed; month was extremely severe and unscathe former part of tire month was ex- sonable; the average temperature of ceedingly storing, with heavy fails of several days, was nearly as low as the enow, rain, and sleet: from the 18th till freezing point. We had some very heavy ebe 27th, we liad a most intensely severe falls of snow, and the mountains were trost, accompanied with a strong perle clothed in white during the whole of the trating east wind; on the 23d, 211h, and month. It will be observed, on inspect25th, an excessive quantity of snow fell, ing the table, that the average tempeshe average depth of the whole about rature of this month is lower than that twenty inches : a inild thaw, with heavy of thie preceding, and nearly the same as ruin, and commenced on the 271b; melt. February. Notwithstanding the extreine ed the snow suddenly, u bich swelled the endness of the season, some straygling rivers here heyond their liounds to such a birundines were seen in this district, as degree, that immense damage was done, early as the 12th of this month; but they and much private property destroyed. were not numerous till about three weeks

February --The nican temperarnre of after this period. this month (419) is in this climate 0711- Nay was very cold and shoomy, with usually high for the sease. This high showers of hail, till the 7th; it afterwards degree of temperature was attended

was dry, bright, and pleasant, ull the with very stormy weather; and during the 1100. In the afternoon of that day, former part of the month, rain fell in storm of thunder and lightning ocsuch torrents, as to cause the rivers to curred, which was attended with a meoverflow their hanks and adjoining low lancholy accident: a young man driving grounds, for the space of four or five some care in a lane leading to Broaddays.

field, about eight miles from this city, March was remarkably dry, and, with was struck lead by the lightning; die some titling exceptions, temperate and electric Quid passed through lis head,

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shattering it in a most dreadful man- this part of the country. A heavy and ner. On the 16th, we were again visited incessant rain from the east commenced by a violent storm of thunder and light here on the morning of the 18th, aud ning, accompanied with showers of hail, continued without intermission til the which commenced about seven or eight following morning; when the rivers o'clock in the morning, and, with some which environ Carlisle, the Eden, the short intervals of cessation, continued Caldew, and the Peterill, overflowed till night; the thunder was at times their banks to an extent never before dreadfully loud, and the lightning very witnessed; and exhibited a scene of disdense and vivid. The wearlier continued tress, of which it is difiicult to express very sultry and moist, with much light- an adequate idea. The greatest proportiona ning and distant thunder, till the 26th; of destruction was efiected by the Cale the remainder was extremely wet and dew, nhose mountain-torrent swept away cold, and the mountains in this neigh- every thing before it; cattle and sleep bourhood were completely covered with were carried down by the current, and snow.

immense quantities of grain were swept June.-The heavy rains which occ away and entirely lost; at times, the fiuod curred at the commencement of this presented the singular appearance of month, caused another considerable in- nwring fields of corn; houses were undation here, which was productive of washed down, and furniture of almost much injury to the crops in the low every description floated away; a great grounds; the mountains at this time number of bridges were destroyed; ma. were covered with snow. The weather nufacturing machinery, timber, trees, continued showery and remarkably cold fences, &c. were all carried away in one till the 18th; the remainder was fair and promiscuous ruin. The lisses sustained exceedingly pleasant.

by this terrible deluge are incalculable. July. The mean temperature of this October, -The weather during this month (59,35) is unusually low for the month was mild, calm, dry, and pleasant ; season; the weather was dry, and on the and the temperature and density remarks whole very favourable for securing the ally equal: such a series of fair and be bay. On the 26th we had some lightning, liant weather, without frosi, as that exand distant thunder.

perienced this month, is in our climare, August.-The weather during this in this season of the year, a very uncommonth was excessively wet anii gloomy, mor occurrence.

The birundines were which vot only impeded the barrest, unusually late in leaving us this seitson but was also atiended with considerable these birds were in Aircks on the 27th of injury to the grain. During the night of last month; after which time one were the 17th, the sky was illuininated with seen ull the 15th of this month, when incessant gleams of lightning:

considerable numbers collected again; September. This month, like the last, after this, the numbers decreased gradual was excessively wet: ne seldom have ly,the last strazg'ers being seen onthe ozd. witnessed a sea on more unfavourable Icrember continued inild and dry, for harvesting the grain than the pre- and remarkably finc, till the 13th; thie sent; during this, and the last month, rain which fell during this period (seven only eleven of the sixty-one days were reeks) of uninterrupted time weather, fair. From the 19th of July till the end amounted to only half an inch in depth of this month, the variations of tempe- Aiter the 15ih, the weather was vai rature and density were very writing; able, and frequently very severe; when the invariable wet weather, and westerly intense trost, snow, sleet, and inuid rain, winds, produced a sort of crisis in the occurred in succession. On the 1911, atmosphere. Noswithstanding the una tie fiost was particularly severe, the common humidity, the menu beight of aferave temperature being eight degrees the barometer for this period (29,7 below the freezing point, at which time inches) is only one-tenth of an inch all our imountains were clothed in whice.' and a small fractional part below the December.--- The weather throughout general mean; yer, excepting a few hours the whole of this month, excepting two on the 15ih of this month, the mercury, or three mornings of hoar frust, was milit, during those ten weeks, was constantly humid, and loomv; and during the below thirty inches. But the principal former halt of the month, the wind was occurrence to be recorded this month, is often very violent, and accompanied with one of the inost alarming and destructive hea y falls of hail and sleei. Un the inundations that were ever experienced in piulit of ile 11thi, we had a dreadful

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208

Musical Time.--Esthwaite IVater. (April 1, hurricane from the south; and on the requires experience, judgment, taste, and succeeding night, much vivid lightning. feeling. The barometer, during this month, and

C. I. SMITH. the latter half of the preceding, was remarkably variable: the vibrations of the To the Editor of the Monthly Magasine. mercury, at times, was equal to two

SIR, tenths of an inch in an hour. On the morning of the 15th, the barometer Y MR

TOUR correspondent T. who has

addressed you on the subject of was 28,06 inches, the greatest depres, the scenery of Esthwaite Water, which sion of the mercury that has occurred he improperly terins “ Esthwaite Lake," since the commencement of this register: confines his observations to a few acres it is 1,77 inches below the general of ground, fornying but a small portion, mean, and inakes the extreme range of and what hy no nieans the most interthe barometer for the last nine years, 2,8 estiny, of the country he wishes to bring inches. The mountains in this neigh into general notice. I reside nearly a bourhood covered with

mile from Esthwaite Water; and I assert nearly the whole of ihis month. The average of the thermoineter and abound with innumerabie inusquitoes

that the meadows bordering on the water barometer, for the whole year, is nearly during the months of July, Augu-t, and equal to the general average; both are a Septeinber. Their bite is equal in effect small fractional quantity lower.

The

to that of the same venomous insect in quantity of rain exceeds that of the ge the West Indies. Every gentleman near neral average 2,165 inches.

Hawkshead, as well as Mr. Hawkrigg, Carlisle, Jan. 3, 1810. W. Pitt.

who rents Strickland Ease, is ready to

bear testimony to the existence of mus. To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. quitoes at that place. It is about forty

years since they appeared in the neighe SIR,

bourhood of Esthwaite, and it is supN my paper on the Musical Terms posed their rygs were brought in a sugaro

used by the ancient Greeks, in your cask from Lancaster. Mr. T. shews Jast Magazine, is an unfortunate omis.

little taste in comparing the peninsula sion in page 122, column 2, line 17.

to Mr. Curweu's retreat at Belle-Isle The sentence, if complete, would run

on Windermere; and he relates a cire thus: “ Because simple an instru. ment as a bullet, affixed to a piece Curwen's islaid, which I have great

cumstance respecting an offer for Mr. of tape graduated into inches, would

reason to believe has not taken place. give the precise time in which a

Field Head, near Huwksheud.

I. L composer intends his movement should be played or sung.". The little ivory To the Editor of the Monthly Mugazine. measures used by the ladies, will answer this purpose very well: but still better SIR, if the case is made of brass

, the specinia I Nesong in your Magazine for last

N answer to the letter of Mr. Mol. gravity of that melal being greater than that of ivory. I cannot but regret that our month, I beg leave to say, that the ideas old ccclesiastical composers did not trans- in my Essay on Musical Genius and mit down to posterity the precise time Composition originated solely with myin which their grave and truly devotional self. I never saw his essay entitled compositions (if played in a proper Melody the Soul of Music, nor have I time) ought to be performed. Young ever accidentally heard or read of it. The and inexperienced organists would do assertion that I make an allusion to his well to consult the specimens of various essay in the expression “ Body of Music," church-composers, published by Dr. was certainly premature, and to me apo Crotch, in his second volume of Speci- pears very ridiculous. If any one of your niens; and pay that deference in his nuinerous readers should have an oppor.. sound judgment, to which his high tunity of comparing the two conpositalents, and the honour conterred upon tions, which I have not at present myhim by a famous university to hill the self, he will much oblige me by declaring chair of their professor of music, so justly upon examinatio:), whether the reseinentitle him. Much might be said on blance between them is of su suspicious this subject, if professors were inclined a nature, and the coincidences so striking, to avail themselves of every opportunity as to entitle mine to the appellation of of improvement, instead of thinking they "a literary.curiosity." “were already perfect," in an art which Great Marlou.

A. B. E.

For

PERSONS OF THE PLAY:

}

with you

nounce

For the Monthly Magazine. Edi. Are we not all like children, my
HAROLD AND TOSTI,

good uncle; A Tragedy, in three Acts, with Chorus. Prone to mistrust and fear whate'er we know

not, EDWARD, King of England, afterwards ibe Too prone perhaps to trust in those we Confessor.

know? HAROLD, ?

H. Dost thou mistrust me, niece? Tosti, sors of Goodwin, late Earl

Edi. Thee, uncle ; wherefore ? of Kent.

What hast thou done that should alarm me Editia, daughter of Tosti.

to it? Minstrels in the pay of HAROLD.

H. In troth, I know not. I had misconThe Scene is in the castle of HAROLD, at

ceiv'd thee. Pentaskeworth, in Monmouthsbire.

Edi. My father, if I err not, has been Scene.--I be vestibule to a long Gothic ball, wbence : be view extends bet ween pillars over rbé In all this journey thro'che gladden'd realm : zubote room, as the farther end of which is He follows with the king ? situated ibe minstrel's gallery.

H.

I cannot say.
To Editha enters HAROLD.

Edi. How so? is he no longer of the train ? H. THE messenger I sent thee, to an.

H. Tosti bas not a brother's love for

Harold. That Edward, from his usual progress swerving, Some days ago, at Windsor, Edward menWould grace thy uncle's castle with his

tion'd presence,

His predecessor, Hardiknute the Dane, No doubt, arriv’d.

Who, as thou know'st, was poison’d by earl Edi. He did; and thy Editha

Osgold, Has strewn the rushes for this royal visit; Whose wife he had seduc'd. The feeling Even the pomp-wont king shall own that

king Harold's

Spoke with warm pity even of the tyrant Magnificent and hospitable mansion

That stood between him and the throne; Desery'd his presence.

but Tosti H. Thank thee, gentle niece; Frown'd bitterly, and gnaw'd his stiff'ning Thy soft attentions I have long experienc'd,

lip; For which my gratitude is all thy gain. Swore he would dip his dagger in the breast Edi. Is not my uncle's love an ample of any man, that io his wife should whisper payment ?

The prayer of wanton lust. I smil'd in scorn. H. Since my Matilda, dying, to these Art thou not pale, Editha ? Wherefore hands

tremble? Consign'd our infant son, thou art my Edi. I know the sternness of my father's comfort :

anger; 'Twas thy soft band that wip'd my falling The very picture chills me to the heart : tear ;

But 'tis a noble soul that animates Thy voice, thy presence, from these desert His boiling bosom. halis

H. 'Tis a rash, unruly, That chas'd the lonely silence, which my Unpardoning, soul, that dwells in his strong grief

breast. A while delighted in, but soon thought irk. It vex'd the king to be so rudely thwarted. some ;

Soon afrer, when I offer'd him my castle, Twas thou, who taught'st a cheerful sun to Thy jealous father started up, and stamp'd; shine

And, with swoln nostril, and a mouth all, Upon Pentaskeworth.

foam, Edi, This is over-rating

His rolling eye-balls crimson with his wrath, The weak endeavours of my bounden duty. Burst toward me, and seiz'd nie by the hair, Thou art not gay to day. Hast seen thy And dash'd me angrily upon the flour, child,

Then left us suddenly. And kiss'd a smile into bis rosy face,

Edi. My dear, dear father! Since thy arrival?

H. Thou weep’st: I too, when anger H. I have clasp'd my darling,

left me, went And the dear litile Siegwin smil'd upon me; To find a brother could be so unkind. And, at my bidding, first to-day has callid The king, embitter'd that his sacred preHis father « Harold." Then I bade him utter

Check'd not the rage of 'Tosti, doom'd his The name of Tosti; but his foolish soul

exile ; Shrunk as with sudden horror from the Resum'd his earldom of Northumberland, sound.

And gave it me. He cried, and strove, and will not smile Edi. You will not take it, sir? again.

II. Patience, Editha ; all muy yet be well. MONTHLY MAG, No. 197.

:D

Princ

sence

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