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pidly filling; indeed, the last fortnight has house. Through Church Meadow, a poured în upon w such crowds of compa. raised path is continued to the brook: my, that we are actually fearful of an in- A new crescent, situated immediately to undation. The principal inns and best the right of this path, is in a state of cone? lodgings are already full, while many poor siderable forwardness, and is intended to quiet souls, who really prefer the calm be embellished with a terrace in front, comfort of obscurity to the gay flutter of which will command a pleasant, though fashion, have positively. retired to the confined, prospect. A shallow stream, neighbouring villages, where ludyings are which has been dignified with

the appelNot yet become scarce. Upwards of' lation of the “ River Chelt,” separates twelve hundred names already appear on

this meadow froin the well-walk, the acthe subscription-books ;' and to these ni- cess to which is over a sinall draw-bridge, amerous additions are daily nahing. A! on whose construction no praise can be few seasons ago, when one well alone bestowed. furnished our delicious morning-beverage, The scene here is highly interesting, it was constantly drank dry by eight and in no small degree beautiful... A o'clock. Now, thank Heaven, we are am. fine avenue et elms leads directly to the ply supplied-nay spas are become so pump, above which another of limés oxnumerous, that I think half the popula- tends to the second or “ Orchard Well;" tion of the kingdom might be supplied Here a serpentine walk, surrounding a with this, sovereign panacea.

small lawn, shaded with firs and young * At every turn' t greet some old ac- elms, gives a charming finish to the quaintance, or see some distinguished whole. The pump rises in the form of personage; and our tea-tables teem with an obelisk, under an arched dome, near Interesting anecdotes of illustrious risi- the centre of the walks; from whence tors. In London, a similarity of man- a romantic cottage at the upper extreurers usually conceals those little traits of nity, terminates the view with a most character, that are so peculiarly intereste' happy effect; while the church spire, ing to an intelligent observer; but here rising in the centre of the opposite averestraint is thrown off. Confined within "nue, and exhibiting a dial, on which the a limited sphere of society, and a circum- progress of time inay be observed from scribed round of amusements, the various the walks, is an object inexpressibly pleapursnits of individuals are strictly scruti. sing. On one side of the paved court, nized, and publicity given to trivial oc- in which stands the pump, is a long room, currences, that in the great metropolis that occasionally affords shelter from the entirely escape observation. But hold; passing shower; and this room is usually I forget that 'I have not yet described our' enlivened by Riviere's splendid and grand morning-promenade. Can you tempting display of jewellery. On the believe it? We rise here soon after six other is Fassana’s print and toy-shop; o'clock, and immediately sal!y forth to together with an orchestra, where a band the well." The walk thither at this early of music regularly performs during the hour is truly delightful. Nature, clad in time of drinking the water. hrer gayest robe, gladdens every heart; and These walks are every morning at an pleasure seems to sparkle in every eye. early hour filled with company; and I ne

The common foot.way to the obil spa, ver witnessed a scene more exbilarating lies through the church-yard, the different and more delightful than that which here walks of which are shaded by double uniformly presents itself. On every side rows of lime-trees, whose prim-traived interesting groups are to be seen, who, heads disgust the eye oftasie with their while the balny zephyrs of morning seem vedious uniformity. At the end of the to spread over each countenance the glow church.yarıt, many new-built shops ex- of animation, blend the enjoyment of sohibit the promising appearance of a new cial converse with the pleasure of healthstreet, that will, in the course of time, pro- ful exercise. The young and the old, bably extend to the crescent. The the vigorous and the intirm, here mingle ground occupied by these, was lately a with unwonted alacrity, and appear to gravel walk, which, following a serpentine derive equal delight from the varied gaiety direction, opened into Church Mead, with which they are surrounded. Here leaving at a little distance on the right we meet some of the brightest luminaries the “ Great House," that memorable in the hemisphere of fashion, and obscrve monument of female caprice. This was many of the most distinguished frequenta built by the late Lady Stapleton, for a ers of Brod-street and St. James's; for family residence; but it is now converted too often are they compelied to resort into a spacious and convenient lodging, hither, to repair the devastations of the MIONTHLY MAG. No, 194.



Lelters from Cheltenham.

[Feb. I, preceding campaign of dissipation, or to to flow slowly through a swamp covered lay in a stock of health for that of the ap. with brambles and succulent plants, proaching winter.

This led to a minute examination of the, The usual time of taking the water is place in 1803, when a copious supply of in the morning, from seven to nine; and fine chalybeaie water was discovered. A early rising, salubrious air, and gentle ex. handsome pump room is now placed over ercise, must of course greatly assist its it, and it has since been considerably frebeneficial effects. Almost every indivi- quented. The contiguity, however, of the dual carries a glass cup, and, in passing Cambray spas to the town,will probably aland re-passing the pump, occasionally ways secure to them the majority of visitors. takes a draught of water. The spreading ** Cambray Cottage Spa," is the pro. foliage of luxuriant trees throw over the perty of Colonel Riddel, who has a charmwalks a grateful shade, while seats, placed ing residence here; and in a handsome at convenient distances, offer to the fati- garden in the front of this stands the gued pedestrian a suitable accominoda- pump. A suitable apartment in the tion.

house, has been appropriated for the acAt the top of the lime-walk on the right, coinmodation of subsbribers, and many a new well (Orchard Well) was last year naines appear on the book. An elegant sunk, which now affords an ample supply octagon viranda encloses the other well, of water. Over this a neat pump- which is nearer to Cambray-street. This room is erected; and as this water pose would be a beautiful object from the sesses a smaller proportion of the chaly- High-street, if it had been surrounded by heate, and a larger one of the saline pru- a well-planned shrubbery; but at present perties, than that of the old well; on some it looks comfortless and bare. These occasions it ubtains a preference. wells all produce simple chalybeate wa-,

The decorations and general appear. ters without any admixture of saline inance of the old spa will not, perhaps, gredients. bear the strict scrutiny of correct taste. Dr. Jameson, an eminent philosophie It would be invidious to compare the elm- cal physician, resident here, has been walk to the noble avenue in Christ Church indefatigable in his exertions to procure Nicadow, at Oxford. The dome and sufficient supplies of saline water. He pump have certainly a mean appearance. is said to bave bored in upwards of forty An elegant marble vase and pedestal, pla, different places, before he obtained the ced under a cupola of light architecture, object of his pursuit. An abundant would have been more appropriate, and spring was at length found (Sherborne into this the water might have been thrown Well) nearly at the top of the lane adwithout difficulty by a concealed pump. joining the old well. This, however, pos

On a gentle eminence at a short dise sessed a sulphureous flavour, which is oftance from the original spring, stands a fensive to the palate, however salutary it noble mansion, built for the late Lord may be to the system, but which flavour Fauconberg, called Bay's Hill Lodge. is said to bave been perceived in the oriHere their Majesties resided during their ginal well when it was first opened. Some visit in the year 1778. On digging a well accommodations were provided here, and at that time for domestic purposes, a sa. much of this water was daily drunk. It line water was discovered, the medicinal has now falleir into disrepute, either from qualities of which approached very near sonie change that is supposed to have tato those of the old spa. A pump rooın ken place in the quality of the water, or, was then erected over it, a pleasant ter- what is more likely, from the superior race laid out in front, and a gravel walk eclat which has attended other wells, opened to connect the two wells. This, that have been subsequently sunk. which was called the “ King's Well," at The extensive undertakings in which first produced an abundant supply of wa- Mr. Thompson has been recently engaged, ter, which often, in the height of the sea- for the purpose of establishing a new spa, son, proved a valuable auxiliary to that with superior accommodations and ema of the other spa. In the course of time, bellishments, reflect great credit both on however, this was much diminished ; and his liberality and his taste. The charmsince the discovery of superior springs, it ing spot selected for this improvement has been totally neglected.

and decoration, is situated behind CamBarrett's chalybeate is situated in a bray-street, where a delighiful plot of field beyond the pill, at the top of the ground of very considerable dimensions, town; and a pleasant walk has been is rapidly assuming a most varied and opened to it by the side of the brook. An beautiful aspect. The different medici. schreous stream had long been observed nal waters are all to be found here, and




the names of " Hygeia House," "Mont- borne well, a new pump room, and an ocpelier Wells," and "Montpelier Grounds," tayon stone turret, offer an abundant suphare already been imposed upon this in- ply of approved water, that has already viting assemblage of walks and waters. drawn numerous visitors to the spot. The direct road bither, is through Cam- The first of these contains a chalybeated bray-street, beyond which a raised causeand a strong andweak sulphurerted saline; way is carried to the brook; and over this the second, a chalybeated, a strong cha: a brick bridge is thrown, nearly opposite lybcated, and a weak simple saline. a structure of singular appearance, known Round Montpelier grounds, scats are by the name of'" Lady Mary Lindsay's placed in appropriate situations tú comCottage." It here passes some planta- mand lovely prospects, the town here tions, and a piece of water of fantastic and there peeing ihrough the trees, disform, belonging to her ladyship, and then, tant fields preuily decorated with timber, taking a serpentine direction through and sprinkled wiil cottages; while Cleeve some delighetul clumps of shrubs and sap. Hill forms a fine back-ground to the piclings, leads at once to Hygeia House.

I shall not perhaps find a more conve- Mr. Thompson's magnificent plans of nient opportunity than the present one, improvement, include hot and cold baths; to describe the residence of Lady Mary. and a suitable building has been erected It is, upon the whole, an elegant editice, for this purpose, upon

very extensive although disfigured by glaring incongrui scale, near Hygeia House. Here baths ries. The latticed front and projecting of common or of mineral water, shower thatched roof, are the only characters of baths, sudatories, &c. can be procurea a cottage that it bears, and these are with the greatest facility. completely outraged by the beight of It has lately become a very general the building; the neat portico fiiling a practice, to ridicule the prevailing taste large recess in front, and the spacious for frequenting watering-places and drinke bows at the back of the house.

ing saline waters. To these gay resorts Immediately above this“Cottage,” Mr, of fashion and of show, numerous indiThompson's improvements commence.viduals are certainly attracted by the vaPlantations and walks every where sur- rious amusement which they offer to the round Hygeia House,which, as the trees in- idle and the dissipated. Salutary relax. crease in size, will, in the course of time, ation from the laborious cares of the be completely embowered. This spa- professional man, and the man of husicious and elegant structure is of whiteness, must however be allowed to be á stone, and is designed to be surrounded sufficient inducement for exchanging ocby stone pillars and a green viranda, casionally the hurry, the smoke, and the wbich cannot fail to have a most happy intemperate habits, of the metropolis and effect. Hither, it is said, the proprietor its vicinity, for rustic seclusion and raoriginally intended to have conveyed all tional enjoyment. Where a periodical the varieties of water in wooden truuks; influx of visitors is expected, every requibut that plan, I presume, is abandoned; site either for comfort or gratification as other buildings have been erected in will of course be prepared; and thither different parts of Montpelier grounds, also many will very naturally repair, who near to the precise spots where the springs altogether disregard the waters that oriare found. The commodious pump room ginally gave celebrity to the place. But here, however, will afford a weak chaly. the avidity with which saline waters are beated saline, a weak sulphuretted saline, drunk, wherever the bounteous band of and a simple chalybeate, but these are nature has bestowed them, seems to indino: the waters that are most likely to at. cate an intuitive conviction of their be. tract the attention of the public. From Deficial effects; and if we refer to the this spa, á path proceeds winding through unsophisticated instincts of aniinals, we shrubbery to Montpelier grounds, which shall find that they also take advantage are of many acres extent, and reach quite of these indigenous medicinal aids, where to the lane behind the old well. Round ever they are placed within their reach. these is carried a gravel walk, skirted It is a singular circumstance that in with plantations, that also include a America, at certain seasons of the year, cliarming ride. On one side a hawlhorn various tribes of animals assemble at the hedge, of unusual luxuriance and beauty,“ salines,” or “salt licks,” which abound between two gravel walks, affords either in many parts of that vast continent, and on the one side or the other, during the after drinking copiously of the nauseous whole of the day, an inviting shade, and draught, disperse again quietly in the it the opposite extremity, near to Shere woods. The settiers observing this, were


20 Reply to a Criticism on Shenstone's Pastorals. (Feb. 1, induced to mix salt with the provender the mind, promote exercise, which is naof their cattle, which produced in those ture's best restorative. thus fed, a manifest superiority. It In liver complaints, that arise from a will bardly be necessary, after relating long residence in torrid climes, the suthis strong fact, to insist on the inference perior efficacy of these waters is firirly to be drawn from the concurrence of all established; and many whose health has nations in the use of salt as a culinary in- been this injured, annually resort to this gredient; from the preililection stown place, and bear away in their altered for it by some of the feathered race, or looks arusle testimony of' tlie benefit they from the salutary properties of the salt bave received. marshes, either in preventing or reme- The baths which I have before noticed, dying the diseases of sheep. Can we are likely to be of incalculable advantage, wonder then that Cheltenham, liberally to those who are tormented with extras supplied as it is with saline springs, should neous affections, for the cure of which, be so much frequented ? llcre the ac- tlic internal use of these waters has long tive agency of common salt is heightened been elliciently employed. The bathing by the addition of other saline materials plan, however, would be greatly improved, (Epsom and Glauber salts) whose ape- if it supplied artificial sea water and sulrient qualities are more decisive, while phurated baths. The addition of a protheir debilitating effects are counteracted per proportion of salt to the mineral waby carbonic and chalybeate principles, ter might casily be made; and surely sone whose renovati!g intiuence upon the chemical process might be devised, to stomach is universally recognized. Ilere, approximate the strong sulphurated saline according to the nature of his complaint, nearer to the nature of llarrogate water, the invalid may bave recourse to the sa- It would be worthy of the enlarged line chalybeate of the old spa; a sulphu- views of Mr. Thompson, to procure, if retted saline, approaching to the nature possible, the completion of the colonnade, of Harrogate water; a simple saline, &c. and to open from thence a grand avenue &c. at Montpelier Wells; and a simple to Montpelier wells. chalybeate, like that of Tumbridge, at I fear my prolixify has been tiresome, Barrett's, and at Riddels. These waters and therefore hasten to conclude. We will doubtless always retain some degree have made a party for a rural excursion of credit, although the manner of taking to-morrow, that will, perhaps, afford mats them may perhaps hereafter be some'- ter for my next letter. Adieu. what varied. Reason, in many cases,

Your's, &c. would seem to prescribe an alteration of the evacuating and bracing systems; but To the Editor of the Alonthly Magazine, as in all these points the savest doctors SIR, disagree, every individual must be left to SHOULD be glad if some of your the direction of his own medical oracle, correspondents would inform me, unless, having attained the age of forty, why Dr. Jolinson, in his Lives of the he has acquired temerity enough to be- Poets, says, that John Hughes was the son his own physician.

of a citizen of London, and Ann Burgess; The waters of Cheltenham are from William Shenstone, che son of Thomas their nature eminently calculated to re- Shenstone and Anne Pen; and that lieve those distressing trains of bilious and Mark Akerside's father, Mark, was a nervous symptoms that are now become butcher, of the presbyterian sect; his 80 prevalent. The fashionable ino:les of mother's name was Mary Lumsden.” “killing time," in which so many are enga- Are we to understand by this, that geil, and the sedentary lives that others are they were not the offspring of marriage? compelled by necessity, or induced by It hath often occurred to me, that the choice, to lead, produce debilitating effects pretical merit of Shenstone and Aken, thát assume a ihousand hideous.shapes. side has been much under-rated by the Relaxation of stomach, and consequent criticism of Johnson. In your Magazine indigestion, is often the origin of those for May last, appeared some strictures evils; and Cheltenham water, while it on Shenstone's Pastoral Ballad, with a removes the crude accumulations that op- sucering quotation from Pulvhele, who press the digestive powers,imparts to them must surely have been hard driven to find

degree of strength and tone, that is a rhyrne for numby pamby, by instituting speedily diffused through the whole body; the infantile word, lumbý. while pleasant walks, charming rides, lle cannot pretend that it was done in and invanmorable objects, that interest imitation of Shenstone, since such





nonsense is no where to be found in the With respect to the deceitful words of writings of that celebrated bard; it might Paridel, and those of Corydon, “ which be retorted,

flow from the heart," being too much O gentle Polwhele ! sadly push'd for rhyme; alike, I do not think' exactly with him; For thee, the bells must never ring, but chime. but, on the contrary, that they exhibit J. Bannantine objects to the word great proof of the poet's art, in inaking

imitation so much like nature, whilst it is furnished, in

still apparent to the reader to be only * My banks they are furnished with bees ;": imitation. but, I think, improperly; that word is Charles-square, Hoxton,

Your's, &c used in the same sense by some of our July 31, 1809.

J. J. best poets; for instance;

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine.
She hath directed

How I shall take her from her fattier's

S your valuable Magazine has becs What goid and jewels she is furnished with.

SHAKESPEARE. plical notices of valuable and remarkable Again,

persons, I judge that the liberty I iaka “ Ideas, fornis, and intellects,

in sending you some memoirs of ile life “ Havournish'd out three diff'rent sects,"

and opinions of the late Dr. Pikę will PRIOR.

not be unacceptable. I once saw an huinorous parody on this him, and Vave often been greaily gratified

In early life I was very intimate with part of Shenstone's Ballad, and which in observing his strong inquisitive turn, produced in my mind what such trivial imitations are intended to produce; my knowledge, and searching for truth.

which was indefatigable in obtaining admiration of the charming original Flis complete liberality, and soft urbanity remained undiminished: a man is not of inanners towards all persons, of parJess a man, because nimicked by a sickly ties, was a conspicuous trait in his chadwarf.

racter, and gained hiin much attention. “ More charms' than my cattle unfold :" Ile was a sedate, modest, virtuous youtlı; this, (with J. B.) I used to think faulty; and in his filial character there are but but'ain now of a different opinion; för, few like him. In after-life, bis extreme on the twentieth of last month, (whilst fondness for obscure retirement removed enjoying that delightful view which an him very much from the observation, and octagonal seat at the Leasowes in. kind police, of many who would have scribed,

found great pleasure in his friendship. " To all friends round the Wrekin,"

To those early days, he gave ine tlie

particulars of his family history; he told affords,) I observed on the lawn before ine that liis ancestors lived first at Marl. me, handsome cows, beautiful calves; borough, and then at Lavington, in Wiltand, in the words ot Dr. Watts,

shire; that they were country carpenter's " the sweet little lambs, for several generations; that ihey had a Were shipping about by the sides of their small inheritance at Lavington, and lived dams."

comfortably. That his great grandThese cattle truly unfolded their charms." father went up to London in 1667, and Cattle is not confined to cows ånd oxen,

was engaged for several years in re(as this gentleman seems to think,) but building the city after the great fire: that extends to all tame animals not strictly some years afterwards, this great granddomesticated.

father, when repairing some houses which In his criticism on the worits

he had at Portsmoutin, died suddenly, « Not a brook that is limpid and clear,”.

beiny found by some of his workinen

dead and stiff, in an attitude of prayer, (he says,) they imply that some of his

on his knees, and leaning agvinst a winbrooks were muddy; the fact is, that dow seat. His son remained at Laving. some of them are so closely shaded with

ton, and had a numerous family, one of trees, as to be neither is

limpid nor whom was the late Doctor's father. Dr. clear," and yet not muddy.

Pike's father came to London at about I can assure him, that at the Leasowes the age of twenty. He was already marI saw, in great profusion,

ried, and he son engaged in business in "Thickets of roses that blow," rhe parishi of Sr. Ann, Westininster.

His wife died in a short time; and in 17:13 and from which

he married again to a Miss Baxter, by Nightingales may warble their love."

wbom he had several children. The


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