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170 State of Public Affairs in February. [March 1, and the second in common time of two bring them out" in a manner superior crotchets. The subject of the former is both in point of perspicuiry and exactremarkably pretty, and the latter, con- ness, to any of the copies that bave been sisting of summer heats,” is arranged procured from the continent." Among with considerable contrivance and judg- other advantages announced in the proment.
posals, are those of the number of parts Messrs. Samuel Wesley, and Charles in which every fugue is cmposed, being Freideric Horn, are preparing for the pointed out to the young student, and press a new edition of the first twelve the introduction of explanatory '
marks to Preludes and Fugues of Sebastian Raci. show whether the subject is pursued They are to be published by subscriptios; directly, inversely, by diminution, or by and the ingenious editor's promise to auginentation.
STATE OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS IN FEBRUARY,
Containing officiul Papers and uuthentic Documents.
France, was signed on the 6th of January, by N the 13th of Jan. at eight o'clock the Minister for Foreign Affairs, the Duke of
in the morning, the Ministers, the Candore, and the Swedish Plenipotentiary, Privy Counsellors, and Senators, assem
Count Eusen, and Baron Laserbeilke ; it bled, by command of his Majesty the Ein- immedia ely sent off by N. Von Krassow. peror, at the Palace. llis“ Majesty ad- The conditions are as follow :-Pomerania is dressed them from the throne, and after
restored to Sweden; France guarantees the the meeting broke up, a new form of Adpresent possession of the Crown of Sweden.
Sweden accedes to the Continental system, ministration was announced, of which
yet with the exception of salt, which may be the following are the most prominent imported. The exportation of goods from features :
Swedish harbours in Swedish bottoms is free: There is to be a Supreme Administra
t'e contributions, imposed in Swesish Pame. tive Council, to consist of 32 Members, and
rania, but not yet paid, are remitted; the four presidents. His Majesty the Emperor grants made by the French Emperor in Swepresides in person, when present at their dish Pomerania are to be confirmed; Spain, meetings, and when absent, appoints a Com. Holland, Napl: s, and the Confederacy of the missioner, who is to be changed every year. Rhine, are included in this treaty of peace ; The Commissioner for the present year all Swedish ships taken or sequestrated since Count Romanzuw. The whole of the Ad
the accession of King Charles Xlll. to the ministrative Council, consisting of 56 per. Swedish throne, shall be restored with their sons, is divided into four section, viz.-ist.
cargoes (colonial produce excepted); the an. Of Legislation; 2nd. Of the Administration cient relations or cominerce bciween the two of Justice, in spiritual and temporal affairs; kingdoms are to be restored, and the mer3rd. Of Military Affairs, by sea and land; chants shall be treated in both countries as and 4th. Of Internal Economy, comprising the most favoured nations ; the prisoners of the finances, commerce, manufactures, agri
war shall be returned in a mass, and the raticulture, medical superintendance, public in. fications shall be exchanged withia 50 days struction, &c. Each of these four sections
at latest, has a distinct President, and there is to be one Imperial Secretary for the whole. The chief Director of the Chuncery is to be Impe- the intelligence from the French Einpire
Little of importance has occurred in rial Secretary. He is the bearer of all communications between the Monarch, the Su. during the last month, which we shall preme Council, the respective sections there.
not have rather to state under the names of, and the Colleges of Government. He of other countries. The new matrimoalso receives all petitions addressed to the nial views of Bonaparte appear to be Emperor. The existing Ministerial offices directed to a sister of the Emperor of are to be retained, but to be subordinate to Russia, and it is said that other importhe Supreme Council.
tant marriages will take place on the ocTha Presidents of the four sections are,
casion. It is expected ihat Bonaparte Count Sawadowsky, Prince Lopucnin, Count will not set out for Spain till after the adAraktschejef, and M. Mordwinoff, formerly justinent and celobration of the union. Minister of Marine, The Minister for the Home Deparıment has requested permission
The Monitcur, in some long and coarse to resign, and Baron Von Campenhice pa is remarks on the King's Speechi
, at the appointed Imperial Treasurer in the place of opening of the present Session of Parlia. M. Golubzoff.
ment, makes the following statement on DENMARK.
the result of our late expedition: The Treaty of Peace between Sweden and “ The mischief done by the English in the
Island of Walcheren, is estimated at about either naval or military, within this compass, 400,000 francs (about 16,7001, sierling); shall form part of the army of Brabant.' but they have repaired the fortifications of 4th. The fortresses situated between Flushing on the land side, and left them in the Meuse and the Scheldt shall be placed in the best condition. The expense chereby in- a state of siege. curred, is estimated by our engineers at 5th.-The military commanders, and 600,000 francs (25,0001.). They have left French authorities in Holland, are required to bebind, balls, bumbs, and pieces of ordnance, conform to the present orders. and suffered a great number of their ships to 6th. -The Minister of War is charged be taken: several of them were laden with with the execution of the present Decree. clothes; fifteen thousand coats were found
(Signed) NAPOLEON. in one of them. On calcula:ing the value of these different articles, and taking every
The conquest of Spain is now nearly thing into account, it will be found that our losses are nearly balanced by our gains; at
completed. The French arinies, by a least, the former do not exceed the latter by series of rapid inorenents, have passed 50,000 francs. The mines made to blow up
the Sierra Morena, taken Seville, adthe sluice of the large basin of Flushing were vanced into Andalusia, and threaten Caconstructed with sich ignorance or precipi.' diz, the last refuge of the discomfired Lancy, that they did not effect their purpose ; patriots. they have not even danged the ground. Toe following Letter from the Duke of Dalmatia, beams, which makes a difference oia million. to rha Paince of Wagram and Neufchatel, Had they injured the ground tems, two contains some of the details. years' labour, and an expense of two millions, I have not yet received an official account would have been required to render it possible of the artillery, ammunition, and magazines, for ships to enter the basin, while now which the enemy left us at Jaen. I have 300,000 francs and six months' time, will be only learnt that there are 44 pieces of css.non, sufficient to put the sluice into a serviceable half battering, and the rest tield artillery, condition. On hearing this Speech, should Tbere are also 6000 muskets, a great deal of we not be induced to think that the aisenals on menition, and consider.shle magazines. and dock-yards of Flushing are the arsenals At Cistova we also found 6000 muskels, and and dock-yards of Brest? The duck-yards, a cannon foundery, from which the artillery the arsenals, and port of the Scheldt, are ac will, derive great advantage. The enemy Antwerp, and not in Flushing; but one 6+. evacuated Castille and Bocar, leaving behind gun ship and a frigate were on the stocks in four eighr-pounders and a howitzer. He Flushing. The English have taken these also abandoued six in the mountains; two ships to pieces, but left us the timber. so that, since the passage of the Sierra Mo. The expedition of the English has produced rena, the Imperial army has taken eighey one favourable result: it has removed all pieces of cannon. I shall have the honour of doubt on the possibility of ships of the line, sending an account of all that has been taken, completely armed, sai ing ai the Scheiat. to your serene Highness, so soon as I reWe have now such an accurate knowledge ceive it. of chat river, that our squadron has arrived General Sebastiani was to march this at Antwerp armed, and has come there to day from Jaen on Granada. I have received moorings perfectly safe. The basin or Ant- no intelligence from him these two days; werp will be finished in the course of this but his preparatory movement must have year; and thirty sail of the line can be a-float been finished yesterday evening. there, perfectly sheltered from the ice. Our The division of Ganeral Latour Man. ships will, in future, see sail from Antwerp bourg is this day at Leva; the infantry of the completely armed, and having their provia first corps of the army at Rambla and La Car. sions, water, and artillery, on board.
lota. To-morrow, the whole of the first Palace of Thuilleries, Jun. 20,1810.- corps will be at the other side of the Leva, Napoleon, Emperor of the French, king on the road to Seville. The fifth corps will of Italy, Protector of the Rhenish League', unite at Ecija, where his Majesty intends to and Mediator of the Helvetic Confedera.
fix his head quarters to morrow. tion-Desiring to provide for the security ville. Hopes are entertained that the inhs
The king is determined to march on Seof the northern frontiers of our Empire, bitants will make no resistance, and that we and to place out of danger our dock-yards shall reach it before Albuquerque's division, and arsenal at Antwerp, 'we lave de
and the troops of the Duke del Parque, which creed as follows:
we are informed have been ordered from EsArticle 1st.--An army shall be formed, tremadura un i the banks of the Tagus. Should to be called the Army of Brabant,
we get there before chem, it is probable that 2nd.--All the couniry situated between the fall of Seville will be followed by the the Meuse and Scheldt, and the Sea, shall surrender of Cadiz, where they cannot be compose the territory of the said army. yet in a state of defence, and that we shal Srd. All the French and allied troops, thus obttin possession of the Spanish feet.
er, Dr: mm21, Officers. & Rank & File.
Rank ofhcers, & ile.
State of Public Affairs in February. [March 1, The Junta has led to the Isle of Leon, vice in the Scheldt, in the month of July, near Cadiz. It is supposed that most of the 1809; the casualties which occurred; the members will embark for America.
number of officers and men who returned to Madrid, Feb. 1.--The king left Cordova England; and the number reported sick ac- , on the 28th, and intended to sleep that night cording to the latest returns (with the excepat Ecija.
tion of the 59th regiment, from which corps a The Junta has quitted Seville. That
Proper return has not yet been received :) city has sent deputies, and his Majesty will Adjutant General's Office, Feb. 1, 1810. doubeless enter it before the end of the month.
Serjts. Trumpet. Grenada has opened its gates.
The enemy's armies are dispersing. Prisoners, can- Embarked for service 1,733 37,481 non, and stores, are incessantly collecting. The king is every where received as a Killed...
.....7 99 beloved father, arriving in the midst of his Died on Service . 40 2,041 children, after a long and painful absence. Since sent home 29 1,859 67
4,105 This is the infallible effect of the comparison Deserted.....
.....0 which all the inhabitants make between the Discharged ......( 25 tyranny and violence of the Junta, and the Total Officers and men who rebeneficence of his Majesty, who brings peace turned, who are now borne on and security to every family.
the strength of their respecThe army enjoys abundance. It returns
......1,071 98,373 the good reception it meets with from the Of which number are reinhabitants, by the mosc exact discipline and
ported sick........ 277 11,269 respect to persons and property.
(Signed) HENRY CALVERT. The troops of his Majesty the Emperor
Adjutant Gen. and King have entered Cordova and Jaen. In According to a return laid before parliament, every part of the army's line of marchi, the the number of sick and wounded sent home inbabitants testify the greatest satisfaction at from the army in Walcheren, from the 21st being rescued from the tyranny of the Junta. of August to ihe 16th of December, amounts All the citizens remain in the bosom of their
to 12,863. families.
An account laid before the House of Com. The insurgents seem to have had the in.
mons, of the total net produce of the permatention of defending Jaen; where there were nent, annual, and war taxes, in the years found 46 pieces of cannon, and a great quan. ending the 5th of January, 1809, and the 5th tity of military stores and provisions.
of January 1810. The total of prisoners exceeds 7000, among
In the former : whom are a number of officers. There are
fo s. d. between 3 and 4000 wandering in the moun- Permanent taxes 12,158,450 15 104 tains, and several of them are hourly brought Annual ditto
4,929,790 1 9 in, exclusive of a great number who have War ditto
20,291,797 10 93 tbrown away their arms, and are returning to their homes, whence they had been carried
Total 57,380,038 8
5 by violence. Arrizaga, in his fight to the mountains of Grenada, was scarcely able to
In the latter : get 5000 of the poor wretches to follow him. Permanent taxes 33,514,348 19 6 These happy results afford the consoling Annual ditto
4,920,760 18 0 hope of seeing the war in Spain terminate War ditto
20,798,145 10 71 speedily, and without bloodshed. The king contines to enjoy the best state
Total 39,263,255 8 of health. The gratitude of the inhabitants, and the frank expressions of their joy, are, lo his Majesty's heart, the most fittering re
Making an excess of nearly two millions in ward of his clemency and paternal bounty.
favour of the latter year.
National Dobr.-An account of the re. A column of infantry and cavalry, which
duction of the National Delt, from the 1st Jeft Madrid three days ago, under the orders of the Chief of Squadron Soubeyran, has
Augusi, 1736, to the 1st February, 1810: fallen in with, and routed, a nudierous corps
£ of brigands, near Santa Cruz de la Sarza.
Redeemed by the Sinking Fund 156,042,936
Transferred by Lund 12x re-
93,421,468 them, from 100 to 159, near the village of
Ditto by Lite Annuities purehased 1,024,512 Prado. He instantly charged them, at the head of 25 chasseurs of the 20th regiment,
On Account of Great Britain killed 20 of them on the spot, and cook 18
180,488,916 Detto of Ireland
6,593,966 borses. The rest fled in the greatest disorder. (Signes) BELLIARD. Ditto of Imperial Loan
1,020,595 Ditto of Loan to Portugal
21,66% GREAT BRITAIN. 'The following return shows the effective
Total 188,195,069 strength of the army which embarked for sere
I am, &c.
The sum to be expended in the ensuing have left each a widow and family to lament
their loss. The names of the frigates des. quarter is 2,693,686%. 195. 14.4.
troyed are, I understand, the Loire and Seine, FROM THE LONDON GAZETTE. pierced for 10 guns each, but had none
Pompee, under Marie Galante, mounted on their quarter-decks or forecastles; Sir,
Dec. 25, 1809: they were moored in a strong position in Being at anchor in Fort Royal Bay, Mar. Anee Le Barque, wiih their broadsides towards tinique, on the 16th instant, a man of war the entrance, which was defended by a heasy brig, far in the offing to leeward, appeared battery, now demolished, and the magazine with a signal flying that she had been chased blown up. I am informed by the seven priby the enemy's frigates; I immediately wade soners brought off from the shore, that these 'the signal to the Perlin, then on her way to ships had not their full complement of seamen, Guadaloupe, to speak the brig, and to pro. but that they bad 400 troops on board and ceed according to the intelligence she might 50 artillery-men, which all escaped, with the obtain: the Alcmene was ordered to weigh exception of the above seve!, and 20 others, and follow, and the Scepire, Alfred, and taken in a re-captured vessel; but all the Freija, which had that moment júined me, warlike stores and provisions intended for the were not allowed to anchor, but to leave garrison of Guadaloupe, were blown up in the their flat boats, and proceed also. So soon frigates. The Blonde's loss is rather severe, as I heard from Captain Weatherall, of the and so is, I have reason to believe, the eneObservateur, the brig which made the signal, my?s, who had time to save nothing but that the enemy's frigates, four in number, had their clothes. I had every reason to be highly captured and burnt his Majesty's ship Junon pleased in witnessing the emulation and brie (belonging to the Halifax squadron), about very displayed by the several ships, in closing 150 miles to windward of Guadaloupe, and that with the enemy; and I request you to make the Observateur had escaved by superior sail- the same known to the Lords Commissioners ing, I proceeded to sea with this ship and the of the Admiralty. I have not yet been Abercrombie, and arrived off the Saintes early able to fall in with the oiber two frigates ; in the morning of the 13th; and about noon bui I am in great hopes of preventing their I was informed by Captain Elliott, of his arrival at Guadaloupe. Majesty's sloop Pultusk, that two of the enemy's frigates were at anchor about three
ALEXANDER COCHRANE. leagues to the northward and westward of the lown of Basseterre ; I then directed Captain A popular commotion, amounting in fact, Fanie, of the Abercrombie, to remain and to a total revolution, has taken place in one guard Point-a. Petre, and Captain Watson, of of the regencies of South America. The the Alfred, to guard Bassaterre, and made people, under the visionary apprehension that all sail in this ship, with an intention of at- their Archbishop and Governor.general were tacking the enemy; but on approaching disposed to transfer che sovereignty of the nearer, I discovered the Sceptre, of the line; province of La Paz to a Princess of Brazil, the Blonde, Theris, Freija, and Castor, fri- assembled in a body, ordered the Governor gates; and Cynet, Hazard, and Ringdove, and Archbishop to resign their functions, sloops; and Elizabeth schooner, ready to erected a hust of Ferdinand VII. called upon commence the attack. I therefore did not the Cabildo, or Town Council, to assist in interfere with the judicious arrangement of forming a new government, and taking posa Captain Ballard, of the Sceptre, the senior session of the Casa Real, or royal treasury: caprain, and had only an opportunity of wit. These measures being executed, they assemliessing the engagement. Bafiling and light bled round the bust of Ferdinand VII. tools winds preventing the Pompee from getting an oath " to maintain the rights of their sowithin gun-shor until the action had ceased, vereign, their religion, and their country.” and cbe two frigates and batteries which de. After this solemon and voluntary act of genufended the anchorage, completely destroyed. ine loyalty; they turned their attention to The Blonde, Thetis, Cynet, Hazard, and the formation of an army. Two squadrons of Ringdove, bore the brunt of the action from cavalry, of 500 men each were instantly entheir being a-head of the other ships, and rolled; the infantry were to be augmented to by the animated fire kept up from them, one 10,000 men, and the heights of the city were of the enemy's frigates was very soon dis- to be fortified with 100 pieces of cannon. noasted, when the men began to desert their Not ten days after this patriotic government ships, and soon after set fire to them. Upon was established, caciques and deputies from this, Captain Cameron, of the Hazard, with the Indian chiefs arrived, offering 200,000 the boats of the squadron, gallantly landed warriors to assist in defending the country. and stormed the batteries, which were still These events were happily achieved without annoying the ships both with cannon and any effusion of blood, as only one man was musketry, and in the act of hauling down the accidentally killed, and another wounded; a enemy's colours, he fell by a swivel shot. In circumstance, when contrasted with the popuhim the service has lost a brave and distin- lar commotions in Europe, which reflects guished officer, and who, with Lieutenant the highest honour on the character of the Jenkins, first of the Blonde, also killed, Spanish Americanis.
REPORT OF DISEASES,
20th of January, to the 20th of February, 1810.
Fasts ought from in the production of disease. The time to time to be observed, if not from season has been found remarkably sickly piety, at least from prudence; though
the medical faculty in general, in Lon- not regarded as religious institutions, don at least, and in its more immediate they ought to be kept with a kind of revicinity.
ligious punctuality, as wholesome intervals Several cases of the Walcheren fever of abstinence, which give the stomach an have lately been attended by the Repor- occasional holiday, and afford a tempoter, each of which was a relapse of the rary respite froin the daily drudgery of inaladly, after a distinct and considerable digestion. We are not in general aware interval. This modification of morbid of the degree of intestinal labor, action seems to have shown a peculiar which is necessary to exonerate the propensity to recur, after it had once been body of the load which gluttony inexpelled, and apparently eradicated, from poses. The inordinate devourer of food the system; and although it, for the cuts out more work for his internal mamost part, assume the intermittent type chinery, than it can either with ease or and character, it is far from being so impunity perform. It must at length obedient, as the ordinary intermittents of fall a sacrifice to toils of supererogation. our domestic growth, to the influence of Convulsive affections, or fits, as they the appropriate remedies. Agues, which are called, of different kinds and titles, are the natives of this soil, are, perhaps, as although chey all exhibit a.certain commuch as any disorder whatever, under munity of symptoins, prevail more in the controul and management of medi- the present age than in earlier and less cine. The Peruvian Bark, and where effeminate periods of our history. There that fails, which is not often the case, can be no doubt that we are inore liable arsenic, that most powerful and salutary to tremors, twitches, and spasms, than drug, has an almost infallible power in our more robust ancestors. In consesubduing, and that in no dilatory manner, quence of the enervating influence of the operation of the intermittent fever tó excessive civilization and refinement, we which we are exposed, more particularly acquire an additional susceptibility to in the marshy regions of our Island. convulsive, more perhaps than to any But these medicines, though, in a longer other class of diseases. We become or shorter time, they produce some like Eolian harps, in being acted upon impression, seem by no means so expe. by the gentlest breeze that passes over ditious or certain in dispossessing the us, only that in passing over us it does trame of the effects arising from the Wal- not awaken such agreeable and harmocheren contagion.
nious vibrations. The Reporter has lately questioned The distinction is not radical or essenseveral dyspeptic patients, with regard to tial between the rarious species belongo the origin of their complaints, which, by ing to the genus of spasmodic aftections. their ingenuous confession, appeared Hysteria, epilepsy, chorea, and apoplexy, to arise from an habitual excess in eating. are all members of the same family: Their dinners, were the source of their for the most part they arise from diseases. This species of indulgence, similar causes, and often, in the prois, amongst the substantial classes of gressive stages of life, attack, at difsociety, by no ineans an infrequent ferent periods, the same individual. occasion of indisposition. The more One mixed case, partly of the hysterical, indigent orders of the community for and partly of the epileptic description, is tunately cannot afford to ruin their at present under the Reporter's care. constitution by the inordinate quantity. The repeated invasion of the paroxysms and luxury of their ingesta. It is one has made an evident inroad upon the of the unenviable privileges of the com- mind. The intellectual faculties of the paratively wealthy, to be able to gorinan. patient have unequivocally suffered from dise to their own destruction. The ap. his corporeal disorder. This, in every petite may be, and often is, iucreased
nervous concussion, may almost iuvariainuci beyond what is natural, by the bly be observed. Of the Archbishop of