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150 Original Poetry.

[March 1, woven with their attendant Juxuries, has from their pursoits even by social enterbeen considered as the origin of the de- tainments, or convivial powers; inuch clension of that city,

less to be dazzled by the dignity of peBut though this weakness he found with digree, the glitter of pornp, or the elemen of talents, it is not so with men of cances of address. science : these are born with a patient Fancy may seek for beauties to detemperament, the proper soil for known picture, and wit for manners to delia Jedge, and this is one reason that gran- peate ; but philosophy has no other alia deur and its appendages have little in- than discoveries to instruct : fiuence orer them. There is also another: Principibus placuisse viris non ultima laus est, * the objects of a philosophic mind are

Her. Epist. 17. Lib. 1. superior ; reason and truth have a po may be the sentiment of men of taste; tent enticacy in bracing every faculty of but it is the nature of men of science, ta the soul, and enlarging every power of behold birth, afiluence, and splendor, the understanding

Mien employed in oculo irretorio. deep researches, whether they dive into the properties of matter, watch the re

- Nor mean the praise, volution of orbs, or study the solution of These deities of humar-kind to please, problçıns are not very likely to be diveried



THE OAK. . "TWAS winter; and except a leaf

Yet trembling here and there,
December, icy-handed thief,

Had stripe the forest tare.
Its tawny foliage strown around,

And silver'd v'er with sleet,
Profusely carpeted the ground,

And rustled to my feet ;
When 'mid the solitary scene,

A rustic seat I sought,
And pensive, yet devoid of spleen,

Indulg'd a moral thought.
An aged oak with ample bead,

And arms extended wide,
Part living, shiver'd part, and dead,

Rose toiv'riog by my side.
A hoary rime its branches grac'd,

Resembling most a beard ;
While, clasping its gigantic waist,

An ivy green appear'd.
Its rev'rend aspect fixe my eye ;

I felt a pleasing awe;
A Fuminating reverie,

Inspir*d by what I saw :
When Fancy, whose creative power

Can give to trees a longue,
And furnish from their mystic lore.

" A sermon or a song," Imploying all her magic here,

Gave language to an oak;
Which, thus admonishing my ear,

Intelligibly spoke:-
Vain niortal! wherefore dost thou come,

My nakedpess to see?
Why leave a comfortable home,

To moralize on me?

All rifled as I am and torn,

To taunt me com'st thou here?
Or dost thou come, with me to moura

The exit of the year?
Whate'er thy motive, mcrtal, take

Instruction from a tree,
And condescend for once to make

Comparison with me.
If honour, join'd to length of days,

Thou fondly wouldst obtain,
Behold an object chat pourtrays

At once, and proves them vain!
For monarch of the woods am I,

The mightiest of my name ;
A monarch, not by courtesy,

But by a prouder claim.
Two cent'ries round their circles rolld,

Ere I attained my prime ;
Another, cre I waxed old,

Was register'd by Time.
Surviving still, though wounded strong,

I brave the wintry blast; "
And many a man in years now young,

Will not behold my last.
Yet he whose all-destroying stroke

Lays men and forests low,
Will level me! -Na more it spoke,

But ended with a buw.
" Will level me!” My muse records

The language o'er again ;
Will level me!” Emphatic words !

Nur altogether vain.
For, musing as 1 home ward'turn'd,

I own it humbled me,
To think that I might lie inura'd

Ere all this aged tree.







Oh! may thy bright infusion steam (WRITTEN AMONG THE RUINS

Where'er the sun extends his beam,

O'er all the favour'd earth :

And te thy berry still preferr'd, YE moul'dring battlements, which cent’ries past,

While, from narcotic tea deterr'd, In awful grandeur o'er the rapid flood

The muse shall sing thy worth! Which winding laves your rocky base, have With muscovado, sparkling pure, stood,

And cream commix'd, thou might'st allure Lash'd by the howling wind, and wint'ry Olympus' guests to drink. blast :

O coffee! to the weary wight Oft lonely wand'ring midst your ruin'd Thus mingled, thou impart'st delight, walls,

And all his sorrows sink. My fancy mourns the fell destroyer's By thee is fancy richly fed, rage,

And languor scar'd, and clear'd the head, And brings to memory each martial

And quicken'd every sense : When War's loud clamours echoed through Thoa bid'st the strain now sweet and strong ;

Thy power impels the poet's song;
your halls.

Then Aics each vapour.lensch
And, ah, for this I rev'rence pour remains :
That once your towers a tyrant's hate have Ne'er can the herb of China vie

With thee; who soon shalt Aourish high,
What time young Freedom, struggling with

While Thea fades away: her chains,

She first excites, then sinks, the strength; Her sacred banner o'er your turrets Shakes the fine frame, and, ah! at length, wav'd;

Deforms the fairest day !* When patriot chiefs, in treach'rous Lackland's O'er fermentation's deadly draught, reign,

(Which ever brought, to him who quaff'd, For the Great Charter fought, nor fought in Destruction premature) vain.

I. U. Coffee, ’ris thine to rise supreme :

Give me thy salutary, stream,

So fragrant, rich, and pure.
Jamica, Oct. 1809.

O precious plant, of virtues rare!

Tea is powerfully narcotic and stimulant; List to the grateful inusc's prayer,

inducing either of these actions with more Who oft has drawn froin chee

or less force, according to constitucional cirFresh inspiration and delight,

cumstances. The effects of tea, when used The beaming day, the blissful night,

to excess (and it is diflicult to mark the When thou set'st fancy free !**

boundary) are a debilitated stomach, and an

irritable disordered state of the whole strucOh! may thy foliage, glossy-green, Thy beauteous snow white leaves between,

ture: appetite sickens, clouds surround the And berries ruby-red,

head, the hand trembles, and the enfeebled Oh ! inay thy fairest shrubby form

frame acquires that discressing condition of alBloom far from chilling rorthern storm,

"ternate corpor and suffering, unsusceptible of 'Thy cultivation spread !

pleasure but "tremblingly alive" to pain, sow

common among all ranks, from the The flow of imagination often caused by haughey duchess to the humble dame who drinking strong coffee, is certainly not so

at distance imitates her; and known by the injurious as the tumultuous excitement pros appellation nervous. It is scarcely necessary duced by some other stimulants. Yet, to observe, that the enervating cup of Thea is where its effect is a sle-pless night, it cannot

not the only source of this inundation of be supposed altogether innoxious. This, disease: the factitious cravings and various 'however, generally arises from drinking coffee modes of gratification, eagerly pursued by very strong, and without a ciue admixture of the multicude, high and low, to suply · milk or cream. In the morning, or even

by more sensation, the place of higher ene after dinner, when duly proportioned to the joyne t, are unceasingly and success ully other ingredients, it seldom faiis to prove a

ac-i c in the production of pain and disorgasalutary and grateful beverage, iar preierable nization. to that of England (ie), or that of France

Upon the whole, the effects of the strong (wine), in its various states of inodification. infusion of tea are somewhat similar to those But, be it rememberud, ibat coitee drunk of alcohol, the product or firman'ation; of scalding-hot, and without due assistance from which all the incoxicatinliquirs in common the dairy, must be productive or injury to the

use among hali c. viiized 'mations

are merely stomach ; and that injury must riecessarily

modifications, che immedia e eficts, howa extend itselt throughour the systein. -- No

ever, or the latter, are more distressin : ; and errors are so fatal as errors in diet;, for this their semite eficis more dertainly and unia plais reason, that so frequently recur,

Versally destructive of life.


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Patents lately Ewolled.

[March is

dismal cry



SONNET. THE scene was more beautiful far to my TO A RAVEN, ON HEARING ONE IN A

STORMY NIGHT. eye, Than if day in its pride had array'd it; WHAT noise is that? What hoarse and The land breeze blew mild, and the azure arch'd sky

Starts me from sleep, and vibrates in my Look'd pure as the Spirit that made it :

ear? The murmur rose soft as I silently gazod What form ill-omen'd sounds those acrents On the shadowy wave's playful motion,

drear? From the dim distant isle till the beacon fire Again it croaks : again it hovers nigh: hlazed

Again it screams aloud : and, flitting by, Like a star in the midst of the ocean. Against my window beats. Ah! bird of

fear, No longer the joy of the sailor-boy's breast

Say, to what end these boding signs appear; Was heard in his wildly-brea:h'd num.

What mischiefs you presage, what pending bers; The sea. hird had flown to her wave-girdled Hail, hated, dark-wing’d minister of fate;

destiny. The fisherman sunk to his slumbers :

Whose frequent moans, borne on the One moment I look'd froni the hill's gentle Scarce Reason's self can calmly contemplate,

hollow blast, slope, (All husli'd was the billow's commotion,)

And Superstition hears with looks

aghast : And thought that the beacon look'd lovely as hope,

My mind congenial greets thy dreadful

lay, That star of life's tremulous ocean.

Welcomes the awful gloom, nor pants for The time is long past and the scene is afar;


I. U. Yet, when my head rests on its pillow, Will memory sometimes rekindle the star

SONNET. That blazed on the breast of the billow. In life's closing hour, when the trembling SWEET little songster hither, bither soul Alies,

bend And death stills the heart's last emotion ; Your casual Aight : your airy path I trace ; O then may the seraph of mercy arise,

And, leaning at this ruin'd column's base, Like a scar on eternity's ocean!

With curious eye your varied motions tend, P. M. I. And to your plaintive notes a pleas'd etcention

lend. SONG.

Ah, may no feather'd foe your life efface! WAVE thy fair head, thou early flow'r, E'en truant school-boys spare your favor'd And the fleeting sunshine borrow;

race, For the scornful wind and the driving show'r And man receives and greets you as a Shall lay thee low to-morrow.


When hail and snow a long white landscape Fond beauty, whose love-lighted eye

form, The smile of joy is wearing,

Dauntless you seek his hospitable door, Cherish the beam; for love shall die,

Find a warm refuge from the ruthless storm, And leave thy soul despairing.

And feed where pity fondly strews the The blossom of spring's untimely birth,

foor. , To the lingering storm is given;

Oh! were frail man to man but half as And love is a flow'r may bud on earth,

kind, But only blows in heaven.

Yon houseless sbiv'ring wretch bad shunn'd P. M. I. this wintry wind.

I. U.



MR. JOHN DUFT': (CREAT PULTENEY perpendicular to it. There is a spring

STREET), for an Invention of Snuffers which presses through an opening in the on u new and improved Construction, scraper, to force it rapidly back against communicated to Nir, Duff by ú a valve or hanging door; which has a Foreigner.

prominent peg facing the scraper, by N the drawings attached to this speci- which it is pushed as the door of the of the inside of the snuffers; which exbi- the snuff pass into the receiver; it shuts bits a scraper turning on pivots, one in a again by its own weight. The scraper socket, and the other underneath and being of the same size as the valve or




hanging door, acts as a second door to hind, or at foot of the second set; which the receiver, until drawn back by opening exactly resembles the first, but is of a the snuffers, and then the valve resumes smaller size: a foot of the third set differs its place. There is likewise a represen- from the others only in having a single tation of a piece of iron, which acts as a or double broad plate fixed behind the Jever to draw the scraper forward and coulter. To the above implements a backward. One end of the lever is in- roller and harrow-brush are occasionally serted in a hole; and the other end has annexed. an oval hole in it, and is held by a peg fixed in one of the shanks of the snuffers, MR. JOHN BARTON'S (ARGYLE-STREET, near to its left edge; and, on account of WESTMINSTER), for à Lamp of a new the oval forın of its aperture, draws for- Construction. ward the scraper at the opening of the This lamp is said to be constructed snuffers, and pushes it backwards as the upon the natural unerring principle of the snuffers close. The door for emptying, difference of gravity between two fluids; the receiver is at the end of the snuffers, which produces a constant supply of oil, and opens and shuts by pressing the point or other combustible fluid, to feed the of the snuffers upwards and downwards: wick thereof, founting in a perpendicular this door is kept closed by an inside direction from a reservoir

' beneath the spring. On the point of the snuffers are flame, having the quality of burning or two semi-oval cuts, one plain, and the consuming the whole oil, or other comother with a few sharp edges, intended as bustible fluid. The method of raising the proper means of raising or removing oil, &c. consists in applying to the bottom splinters, or thieves, in the wick of the of the column of oil, or other combusticandle; and which may or may not be ble fluid, contained in the lainp, the hyadded at discretion, and are not at all con- drostatic pressure of a fluid of greater nected with the invention as such. specific gravity contained in an exterior

reservoir, in which the lampitself, with its EDWARD MANLEY’S (UFECULM, contents and appendages, is made to float ;

DEVON.), for a Plough. and which fluid of greater specific gravity The plough described in this spe- communicates with the interior of the cification is denominated the “ expedie lamp itself, and is at liberty to flow into tiou plough,” and is said to have this ad. it, subject to the counteracting liydrostaç vantage over every other inplement: tic pressure of the column of oil, or other that the same horse-power bas niore than combustible fluid, contained in the lamp, double the effect in draugbt; and that the by means of ani aperture in the bottom of work it makes, is greatly superior to that it: and the patentee adds, “ I am induced of every other plough. It is worked in a to beliere, that by making the point at beam, in the common way; and has three which the wick is placcd, moveable; by different sets of feet, which may be ex- the continual subsidence of the lamp on changed one for the other, as required. the exterior reservoir, during the combusThese are more or less in number, accord- tion of the oil, &c.; and by the other iming to the size of the beam, and the dif- provements in the construction; I render ferent work for which they are intended. it unnecessary,in the majority of instances, The ploughs are so constructed as to be to employ for the hcavier Avid any one used for different purposes, in the follow- of greater specific gravity than coinmoa ing manner :-The first sort, when set in water, and in other respects accomplish shallow ground, will either scarify or spin; the end proposed with greater advantage when set deep, they will draw themselves or convenience than the same has hiinto the ground, working it up and pul- thertu been done with."--Mr. Barton bas verizing it at a great depth. The second given drawings to represent the whole are used for the purpose of working the lamp, and also the several parts of which ground finer. The third are used for it is composed. The lower part of a hall turning the ground over in single or double or staircase lamp, is a cylindrical vesridyes. The beam or wooden frarne, in sel of thin brass or copper, the bottom of which the feet are fixed, represents that which is ficted on its lower extremity, of the common plough, with the addition either by a screw, joint, or orberwise. of two arins or side beam- to take the From the top of this vessel there issues de side feet, and is worked by handles, and tube, communicating with it, to the suset by a wheel. The feet arc in three sets: perior extremity of which the burner, qe a foot of the first set represents a coulter burners, are adapted. There is an airwith a share-point, having wings fixed be vessel or float, nearly, but not quite sufe MONTULY Mag. No. 196.



Patents lately Enrolled.

[March 1,, ficiently, buoyant to support the whole of the oil down the sides of the burner, but the lamp (that is, the vessel with the apply the oil, which would otherwise be tube, and he burners attached to its su- wasted by this means, to the purpose of perior extremity) in water, or such other more copiously supplying the combustion fluid as it may be thought proper to use, of the wick. 'In order, however, both for the purpose of supporting the neces- that no part of the oil which exudes from sary column of oil by its bydrostatic the wick during its combustion may be pressure, when the cylindric vessel is till. wasted, and that the disagreeable etiects ed with either oil,, &c. There is also an which would result from its flowing down additional foat fitted on the tube towards the sides may be still more effectyits superior extremity, which is so adjust- ally prevented, Mr. B. attaches to the ed as to be capable, together with an in- tube which constitutes the burner, at a ferior fivat, of supporting the whole of convenient distance below the plate or the lamp. The floats may be made of ledge, a second plate or ledge, of the any buoyant substance, capable of being same figure, but of larger aiinensions adapted to a like purpose; such, for exam- than the one alrearly described. The ple, as the lighter kinds of wood var- tube which constirutes the burner, is per. nisher, or curk: or they may consist of forated beiween the two plates with two tin-plate, thin brass, or any other thin or more horizontal circular rows of small metallic plates, soldered up, so as to apertures, surrounding such tube: by this form a bollow air-riglit vessel. The ex- contrivance, any such oil as escapes over terior part of the lamp serres to contain the edge of the upper of the said plates, the fiuid, by the hydrostatic pressure of may be caught by the lower one, and by which the necessary column of oil for the that means again brought into contact supply of the burners at Die superior ex- with the wick through the apertures; tremity of the tube is to to be supported; and also, the external air which is ad and in which the lamp itsell, with its tube, mitted through the apertures, and a cer. the burners, and the Boats, are intended tain quantity of which will, of course, rice 10 boat when the vessel and tube are fills through the interstices of the cotton to ed, either with the oil originally intr. the lighted portion of the wick, will as. duced into it, or with such residue of it sist in promoting combustion. as niay from time to time remain uncon. sumed; together with such portion of the MR. WILLIAM IUTTON'S (SHETFIELD) for water, or other fluid heavier than oil, hy a Method of muking Siwkles and Reupshe hydrostatic pressure of which the co- ing Huols. lumn of oil is intended to be supported. .. The nature of this invention shall be , It must be observed that whatever be the described ticarly in the author's own specitić gravity of the heavier Auid, the words :- Take a piece of steel, hammer relative heights of the whole of the vessel, or roll it into a proper thickness, then cut with the tube, must be in a somervliat or pare it into che forn of a sickle or greater proportion than the inverse pro- reaping-hooh; this inay be called the blade portion of the specific gravities of those of the sichle or look: then tooth the iwo Auids, to enable the cotton to pro- blade, if for a sickle, in the usual man. duce, by its capillary action, a suficiently ner; next harden he blade in the hardcopious supply of the oil, &c. The pa- ening mixture now used for saws, and tentee next gives a niethod for conveni- give a temper or colour according to the ently filling the vessel; and he adds, that quality of the steel of which it is made; the burner consists of a tube tapering up. then set, and grind it. The back may he wards, to the upper part of which, and made, and affixed to or upon the blade, not more thae about one-balit diame:er in the following manner:--the blade being below its superior extremity, there is at- made, holes are to be pierced througli tached a small plate or ledge, concave that part intended to be attixed to the upwards, and projecting on every sice hack; then take a piece of iron or steel, from the exterior of the tahé seit to a and hammer or draw it into the form of distance equal to about one-hall of the the back of a sickle or hook, and fit it to diameter of such tube. The intention the blaue; aficrward-, pierce holes in the and effect of this projecting plate or lectue, back to correspond with those pierced in are, to catch the small quantity of oil which the blade, and fasten them together generally exudes from the wick of a lamp either with rivets or screws. Or the backs that is sufficiently supplied, and by that may be made and fa-tened to the blades means pint only present the unpleasant in this way: take a piece of iron or sitel, wirect which results from the Anising of roll, forge, cast, or hamner, it to any


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