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woven with their a:tendant luxuries, bas from their pursuits even by social enterbeen considered as the origin of the de- tainments, or convivial powers; inuch clension of that city,

less to be dazzled by the dignity of peBut though this weakness he found with digree, the glitter of poinp, or the elea men of talents, it is not so with inen of dances of address. science : these are born with a patient Fancy may seek for beauties to deTemperament, the proper soil for know picture, and wit for manners to delia Jerige,) and this is one reason that gran peate ; but philosophy has no other aiin deur and, its appendages have little in

than discoveries to instruct : fluence over them. There is also another:

Principibus placuisse viris non ultimalaus est," the objects of a philosophic inind are

Her. Epist. 17. Lib. 1. superior; reason and truth have a 'pı

may

be the sentineut of meo of taste; tent etlicacy in bracing every faculty of but it is the nature of men of science, to the soul, and enlarging every power of bebold birth, afluence, and splendor, the understanding Nen employed in oculo irretorto, detp researches, whether they dive into the properties of matier, watch the re

Nor mean the praise, volution of orbs, or stiny tlie solution of These deities of humani-kind to please, probleins are not very likely to be diveried

FRANCIS.

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THE OAK. "TWAS winter; and except a leaf

Yet trempling here and there,
December, icy-handed thief,

Had stripe the foreet tare.
Its tawny foliage strown around,

And silver’u v'er with sleet,
Profusely carpeted the ground,

And rustled to my teet ;
When ’mid the solitary scene,

A rustic seat I sought,
And pensive, yet devoid of spleen,

Indulg'd a moral thought.
An aged oak with ample head,

And arms extended wide,
Part living, shiver'd part, and dead,

Rose low'ring by my side.
A hoary rime its branches grac'd,

Resembling most a beard;
While, clasping its gigantic waist,

An ivy green appear’d.
Ho rev'rend aspect fixt my eye ;

I felt a pleasing awe;
A ruminating reverie,

Inspird by what I saw :
When Fancy, whose creative power

Can give to trers a longue,
And furnish from their oystic lore

" A sermon or a song," Imploying all her magic here,

Gave language to an oak;
Which, thus admonishing my ear,

Intelligidly spole:-
Vaio mortal! wherefore dost thou come,

My nakedness to see?
Why leave a comfortable home,

To moralize on me?

All rifled as I am and torn,

To taunt me com'st thou here?
Or dost thou come, with me to moura

The exit of the year?
Whate'er thy motive, mertal, take

Instruction from a tree,
And condescend for once to make

Comparison with me.
If honour, join'd to length of days,

Thou fondly wouldst obtain,
Behold an object that pourtrays

At once, and proves them vain!
For monarch of the woods am I,

The mightiest of my name ;
A monarch, not by courtesy,

But by a prouder claim.
Two cent'ries round their circles rollid,

Ere I attained my prime ;
Another, ere I waxed ol:1,

Was register'd by Time.
Surviving still, though wounded strong,

I bravc the wintry blast; «.
And many a man in years now young,

Will not behold my last.
Yet he whose all-destroying stroke

Lays men and forests low,
Will level me!--No more it spoke,

But ended with a bow.
Will level me!” My muse records

The language o'er again;
u Will level me!” Emphatic words!

Nur aitogether vain.
For, musing as I homeward turn'd,

I own it humbled me,
To think that I might lie inura'd

Ere lell this aged tree.
Celmsfor 4

J. POTTER

OF

ROCHESTER

CASTLE.

age

SONNET,

Oh! may thy bright infusion steam (WRITTEN AMONG THE RUINS

Where'er the sun extends his beam,

O'er all the favour'd earth :

And te thy berry still preferr'd, YE moul'dring battlements, which cent’ries past,

While, from narcotic tea deterr'd, In awful grandeur o'er the rapid flood

The muse shall sing thy worth! Which winding laves your rocky base, have With muscovado, sparkling pure, stood,

And cream commix'd, thou might'st allure Lash'd by the howling wind, and wint'ry Olympus' guests to drink. blast :

O coffee! to the weary wight Oft lonely wand'ring midst your ruin'd Thus mingled, thou impart'st delight, walls,

And all his sorrows sink. My fancy mourns the fell destroyer's By thee is fancy richly fed, rage,

And languor scar'd, and clear'd the head, And brings to memory each martial

And quicken'd every sense : When War's loud clamours echoed through Thoa bid'st the strain now sweet and strong ;

Thy power impels the poet's song;
your halls.

Then Aics each vapour.lensch
And, ah, for this I rev'rence pour remains :
That once your towers a tyrant's hate have Ne'er can the herb of China vie
brav'd;

With thee; who soon shalt Aourish high,
What time young Freedom, struggling with

While Thea fades away: her chains,

She first excites, then sinks, the strength; Her sacred banner o'er your turrets Shakes the fine frame, and, ah! at length, wav'd;

Deforms the fairest day !* When patriot chiefs, in treach'rous Lackland's O'er fermentation's deadly draught, reign,

(Which ever brought, to him who quaff'd, For the Great Charter fought, nor fought in Destruction premature) vain.

I. U. Coffee, ’ris thine to rise supreme :

Give me thy salutary, stream,
· ODE

So fragrant, rich, and pure.
Jamica, Oct. 1809.

A.R.
IN PRAISE OF COFFES.
O precious plant, of virtues rare!

Tea is powerfully narcotic and stimulant; List to the grateful inusc's prayer,

inducing either of these actions with more Who oft has drawn froin chee

or less force, according to constitucional cirFresh inspiration and delight,

cumstances. The effects of tea, when used The beaming day, the blissful night,

to excess (and it is diflicult to mark the When thou set'st fancy free !**

boundary) are a debilitated stomach, and an

irritable disordered state of the whole strucOh! may thy foliage, glossy-green, Thy beauteous snow white leaves between,

ture: appetite sickens, clouds surround the And berries ruby-red,

head, the hand trembles, and the enfeebled Oh ! inay thy fairest shrubby form

frame acquires that discressing condition of alBloom far from chilling rorthern storm,

"ternate corpor and suffering, unsusceptible of 'Thy cultivation spread !

pleasure but "tremblingly alive" to pain, sow

common among all ranks, from the The flow of imagination often caused by haughey duchess to the humble dame who drinking strong coffee, is certainly not so

at distance imitates her; and known by the injurious as the tumultuous excitement pros appellation nervous. It is scarcely necessary duced by some other stimulants. Yet, to observe, that the enervating cup of Thea is where its effect is a sle-pless night, it cannot

not the only source of this inundation of be supposed altogether innoxious. This, disease: the factitious cravings and various 'however, generally arises from drinking coffee modes of gratification, eagerly pursued by very strong, and without a ciue admixture of the multicude, high and low, to suply · milk or cream. In the morning, or even

by more sensation, the place of higher ene after dinner, when duly proportioned to the joyne t, are unceasingly and success ully other ingredients, it seldom faiis to prove a

ac-i c in the production of pain and disorgasalutary and grateful beverage, iar preierable nization. to that of England (ie), or that of France

Upon the whole, the effects of the strong (wine), in its various states of inodification. infusion of tea are somewhat similar to those But, be it rememberud, ibat coitee drunk of alcohol, the product or firman'ation; of scalding-hot, and without due assistance from which all the incoxicatinliquirs in common the dairy, must be productive or injury to the

use among hali c. viiized 'mations

are merely stomach ; and that injury must riecessarily

modifications, che immedia e eficts, howa extend itselt throughour the systein. -- No

ever, or the latter, are more distressin : ; and errors are so fatal as errors in diet;, for this their semite eficis more dertainly and unia plais reason, that t..cy so frequently recur,

Versally destructive of life.

THE

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dismal cry

nest,

TIE BEACON.

SONNET. THE scene was more beautiful far to my TO A RAVEN, ON HEARING ONE IN A

STORMY NIGHT. eye, Than if day in its pride had array'd it; WHAT noise is that? What hoarse and The land breeze blew mild, and the azure arch'd sky

Starts me from sleep, and vibrates in my Look'd pure as the Spirit that made it :

ear? The murmur rose soft as I silently gazod What form ill-omen'd sounds those acrents On the shadowy wave's playful motion,

drear? From the dim distant isle till the beacon fire Again it croaks : again it hovers nigh: hlazed

Again it screams aloud : and, flitting by, Like a star in the midst of the ocean. Against my window beats. Ah! bird of

fear, No longer the joy of the sailor-boy's breast

Say, to what end these boding signs appear; Was heard in his wildly-brea:h'd num.

What mischiefs you presage, what pending bers; The sea. hird had flown to her wave-girdled Hail, hated, dark-wing’d minister of fate;

destiny. The fisherman sunk to his slumbers :

Whose frequent moans, borne on the One moment I look'd froni the hill's gentle Scarce Reason's self can calmly contemplate,

hollow blast, slope, (All husli'd was the billow's commotion,)

And Superstition hears with looks

aghast : And thought that the beacon look'd lovely as hope,

My mind congenial greets thy dreadful

lay, That star of life's tremulous ocean.

Welcomes the awful gloom, nor pants for The time is long past and the scene is afar;

day.

I. U. Yet, when my head rests on its pillow, Will memory sometimes rekindle the star

SONNET. That blazed on the breast of the billow. In life's closing hour, when the trembling SWEET little songster hither, bither soul Alies,

bend And death stills the heart's last emotion ; Your casual Aight : your airy path I trace ; O then may the seraph of mercy arise,

And, leaning at this ruin'd column's base, Like a scar on eternity's ocean!

With curious eye your varied motions tend, P. M. I. And to your plaintive notes a pleas'd etcention

lend. SONG.

Ah, may no feather'd foe your life efface! WAVE thy fair head, thou early flow'r, E'en truant school-boys spare your favor'd And the fleeting sunshine borrow;

race, For the scornful wind and the driving show'r And man receives and greets you as a Shall lay thee low to-morrow.

friend.

When hail and snow a long white landscape Fond beauty, whose love-lighted eye

form, The smile of joy is wearing,

Dauntless you seek his hospitable door,
Cherish the beam; for love shall die,
And leave thy soul despairing.

Find a warm refuge from the ruthless storm,

And feed where pity fondly strews the The blossom of spring's untimely birth,

foor. , To the lingering storm is given;

Oh! were frail man to man but half as And love is a flow'r may bud on earth,

kind, But only blows in heaven.

Yon houseless sbiv'ring wretch bad shunn'd P. M. I. this wintry wind.

I. U.

TO A REDBRE AST.

PATENTS LATELY ENROLLED.

MR. JOHN DUFT': (CREAT PULTENEY perpendicular to it. There is a spring

STREET), for an Invention of Snuffers which presses through an opening in the on u new and improved Construction, scraper, to force it rapidly back against communicated to Nir, Duff by ú a valve or hanging door; which has a Foreigner.

prominent peg facing the scraper, by N the drawings attached to this speci- which it is pushed as the door of the of the inside of the snuffers; which exbi- the snuff pass into the receiver; it shuts bits a scraper turning on pivots, one in a again by its own weight. The scraper socket, and the other underneath and being of the same size as the valve or

banging

I

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hanging door, acts as a second door to hind, or at foot of the second set; which the receiver, until drawn back by opening exactly resembles the first, but is of a the snuffers, and then the valve resumes smaller size: a foot of the third set differs its place. There is likewise a represen- from the others only in having a single tation of a piece of iron, which acts as a or double broad plate fixed behind the lever to draw the scraper forward and coulter. To the above implements a backward. One end of the lever is in- roller and harrow-brush are occasionally serted in a hole; and the other end has annexed. an oral hole in it, and is held by a peg fixed in one of the shanks of the snuffers, MR. JOHN BARTON'S (ARGYLE-STREET, near to its left edge; and, on account of WESTMINSTER), for a Lamp of a new the oral form of its aperture, draws for.

Construction. ward the scraper at the opening of the This lamp is said to be constructed snuffers, and pushes it backwards as the upon the natural unerring principle of the snuffers close. The door for emptying. difference of gravity between two fluids; the receiver is at the end of the snutfers, which produces a constant supply of oil, and opens and shuts by pressing the point or other coinbustible fluid, to feed the of the suffers upwards and downwards: wick thereof, founting in a perpendicular this door is kept closed by an inside direction from a reservoir beneath the spring. On the point of the snuffers are flame, having the quality of burning or two semi-oral cuts, one plain, and the consurning the whole oil, or other com. other with a few sharp edges, intended as bustible fluid. The method of raising the proper means of raising or removing oil, &c. consists in applying to the bottom spliuters, or thieves, in the wick of the of the columu of oil, or other combusticandle; and which may or may not be ble fluid, contained in the lamp, the hyadded at discretion, and are not at all con- drostatic pressure of a tluid of greater nected with the invention as such. specific gravity contained in an exterior

reservoir, in which the lamp itself, with its NR. EDWARD MANLEY's (UFECULM, contents and appendages, is made to float;

DEVON.), for a Plough. and which fluid of greater specific gravity The plough 'described in this spe. communicates with the interior of the cification is denominated the “ expedie lamp itself, and is at liberty to flow into tion plough," and is said to have this ad. it, subject to the counteracting hydrostao vantage over every other innplement: tic pressure of the column of oil, or other that the same horse-power has niore than combustible fluid, contained in the lamp, double the effect in draught; and that the by means of an aperture in the bottom of work it makes, is greatly superior to that it: and the patentee adds, “ I am induced of every other plough. "It is worked in a to believe, that by making the point at beain, in the common way; and has three which the wick is placed, moveable; by different sets of feet, which may be ex- the continual subsidence of the lamp on changed one for the other, as required. the exterior reservoir, during the combusThese are more or less in number, accord- tion of the oil, &c.; and by the other iming to the size of the beam, and the dif- provements in the construction; I render ferent work for which they are intended. it unnecessary,in the majority of instances, The ploughs are so constructed as to be to employ for the heavier Avid any one used for different purposes, in the follow- of greater specific gravity than coinmoi ing manner :--The first sort, when set in water, and in other respects accomplish shallow ground, will either scarify or spin; the end proposed with greater advantage when set deep, they will draw themselves or convenience than the same has hiinto the ground, working it up and pul. thertu been done with.”—Mr. Barton has terizing it at a great depth.-The second given drawings to represent the whole are used for the purpose of working the lamp, and also the several parts of which . ground finer.—The third are used for it is composed. The lower part of a ball turning the ground over in single or double or staircase lamp, is a cylindrical vesridges. The beam or wooden frame, in sel of thin brass or copper, the bottom of which the feet are fixed, represents that which is ficted on its Jower extremity, of the common plough, with ille addition either by a screw, joint, or orberwise. of two arins or side heao, to take the From the top of this vessel chere issues & side feet, and is worked by handles, and tube, communicating with it, to the suset by a wheel. The feet ars in three sets : perior extremity of which the burner, or a foot of the first set represents a coulterburners, are adapted. There is an airwith a share-point, having wings fixed bea vessel or float, nearly, but not quite sufMOXTILY Mag. No. 196.

ficient!

ficiently, buayant to support the whole of the oil down the sides of the burner, but the lamp (that is, the vessel with the apply the oil, which would otherwise be tube, and the burners attached to its su wasted by this means, to the purpose of perior extremity) in water, or such other more copiously supplying the combustion fluid as it may be thought proper to use, of the wick. In order, however, both for the purpose of supporting the neces- that no part of the olihich exudes from sary column of oil by its hydrostatic the wick during its combustion may be pressure, when the cylindric ressel is tills wasted, and that the disagreeable etiects ed with either oil,, &c. There is also an which would result from its flowing down additional float fitted on the tube towards the sides may be still more effecthits superior extremity, ivbich is so adjust- ally prevented, Mr. B. attaches to the ed as to be capable, together with an in tube which constitutes the burner, at a terior float, of supporting the whole of convenient distance below the plate or the lamp. The floats may be made of leilge, a second plate or ledge, of the any buoyant substance, capable of being same figure, but of larger dimensions adapted to a like purpose; such, for exam than the one already described. The ple, as the lighter kinds of wood var tube which constitutes the burner, is pernisleri, or coik: or they may consist of forated between the two plates with two tin-plate, thin brass, or any other thin or more horizontal circular rows of small metallic plates, soldered up, so as to apertures, surrounding such iube: by this form a bollow air-right vessel. The ex contrivance, any such oil as escapes over terior part of the lamp serves to contain the edge of the upper of the said plates, the Ruid, by the hydrostatic pressure of may be caught by the lower one, and by which the necessary column of oil for the that means again brouglit into contact supply of the burners at the superior ex with the wick through the apertures; tremnity of the tube is to to be supported; and also, the external air which is ac and in which the lamp itsell, with its tube, mitted through the apertures, and a cer. the burners, and the floats, are intended tain quantity of which will, of course, rise to loat when the vessel and cube are fills through the interstices of the cotton to ed, either with the oil originally intro, the lighted portion of the wick, will as. duced into it, or with such ie«idue of it sist in promuting combustion. as may from time to time remain uncon. sumed; together with such portion of the MR. WILLIAM BUTTON'S (SHIFTFIELD) for water, or other fluid heavier than oil, hy a llethod of muking Sickles and Reupthe hydrostatic pressure of which the co ing Huolia. lumn of oil is intended to be supported. The nature of this invention shall be It must be observed that whatever be the descrid:d varly in the author's own specific gravity of the heavier fluid, the words :- Take a piece of steel, hamıner relative heights of the whole of the vessel, or roll it into a proper thickness, then cut with the tube, must be iu a somewhat or pare it into che forin of a sickle or greater proportion than the inverse pro- reaping-hook; this may be called the blade portion of the specific gravities of those of the sickle or hook: then tooth the iwo Auids, to enable the cotton to pro- blade, if for a sickle, in the usual mariduce, by its capillary action, a suffciently lier; next hardco the blade in the hardcopious supply of the oil, &c. The pa ening-mixture how used for saws, and leniee next gives a method for conrenio give a temper or colour according to the ently filling the resuel; and he adds, that quality of the steel of which it is inade; the burner consists of a cube tapering un. then set, and grind it. The back may be wards, to the upper part of which, and made, and affixed to or upon the blade, not more than about one-balltridiaine:er in the following manner:-the blade being below its superior extremty, there is at- made, holes are to be pierced tirougli tached a small plate or ledge, concave that part intended to be atóxed to the upwards, and projecting on every sice hack; then take a piece of iron or steel, from the exterior of the tutee itself to a and hammer or draw it into the form of distance equal to about one-hall of the the back of a sickle or hook, and fit it to dinneter of such tube. The intention the blaue; afterwards, pierce holes in the and effect of this projecting place or kedve, back to correspond with those pierced in are, to catch the small quantit vofoil arhich the blade, and fasten them together generally exudes from the sick of a lump either with rivets or sciews. Or the backs ihat is sutliciently supplied, and by the may be made and fastened to the blades means not only prevent the unpleasant in this way: take a piece of iron or steel, wirect which results from thic goiing of roll, forge, cast, or hammer, it to any

thickness,

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