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Memoirs of Taste.-Flebilis. [March le that it would not be displeasing to you lic life in the gloom of a monastery, it to hear some account of a deceased was scarcely known that he existed, unfriend, las induced me to trouble you til, in the age of chivalry, he was again with a few memoirs of Taste.

called forth in the service of the fair sex, Taste was the offspring of Judgment From this time he began to gain strength and Imagination. As he was rathen a and respectability. The reason of this plain child, his parents endeavoured 10 was that, although he had been forgotten, remedy the defects of nature by art; but his works remained; which, on his first rethe methuds they pursued were so dito appearance, were eagerly consulted; and ferent, that they were continually involved it was universally agreed that the author in quarrels respecting him. The consco must be worthy of the highest degree of quence of this was, that he was scarcely honor and respect. lle was in conses attended to at all, and used to run about quence declared supreme judge of works the streets up to his knees in mud. In of art ard science, patron and protector this condition he was found by Homer, of all artists and professors of literature, who scraped off some of the dirt that and president of all scientific establisha hung ahput him, and carried him with

llis power now became unlie hin, in the capacity of a guide. Homer mited; and, suit feeling an affection foc introduced him to the muses, and when Italy, the scene of tuis former grandeur, they went to take up their abode at he made it the seat of lis present greatAthens he accompanied them. Here, pess. After some centuries however of under their tuition, he improved rapidly;- just and undisputed sway, certain eccenand at an age when other children are tricities were observed in his behaviour, thumbing their horn-books, and playing which much alarmed his friends; and at at chuck-farthing, he was engraving on length he gave full proof of insanity, by drinking-njugs, and making sonnets. As falling in love with and marrying Folly, he grew up, from the company in which a being whom he had always before de beresided, he was of course introduced to spised and hated. By her he had all the celebrated poets and artists of the sen called Absurdity, by whom he was age, who cherished and instructed bim; dethroned: after winch he languished and as he was a popular character, fié a short time and then died; leaving but was enabled to requite their services by few friends to lament his loss. rewarding their labörs.

It is not my intention now to enter Besides, however, his friends, he had into a history of the reign of Absurdity; (like all who possess intrinsic worth) se. but should this be deemed worthy of pubveral enemies. He was nearly killed by lication, you may perhaps hear soine Diogenes, for attempting to paint that account of bim, from Your's &c. eynic's tub, and carve his wooden bowl.

NON-NES. He once attempted to settle in Sparta; but Lycurgus threw some black both in to the Editor of the Monthly Magazine, his face, and kicked him out of the city, SIR, because he could not leap over a ditch. T is somewhat surprising, that your

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finding it impossible to reside in a staté 'last volume, in consulting Hurace for continually barassed, partially subdued, authorities respecting ficbilis, should have and universally terrified by powerful ene- overlooked the followed sentence: mies, he removed to Rome. llere he

Flebilis sponsa jovenempe raptum became a great favourite at court, under Plorat.

Lib. 4. Od. 2. Lin. 21, 29. the reign of Augustus. After that emperor's death, his own friends also gradu- Here flebilis is evidently used in prea ally dying, he began himself to droop, and cisely the same signification as thai in his destruction was nearly completed by which Lord Hailes bas employed it. an imense course of Latin divinity. More instances of a similar use of the Thus situated, deprived of his friends, word may probably occur in classic auweak and wounded in his condition, and thors. To search for them, however, is despised, he became hypochondriacat, and unnecessary; as this one example is of for sone time languished unheard of. itself quite sufficient to vindicate his

At length he again appeared, though lordsbip from the hasty charge preferred scarcely discernible from the rude weeds against him by your correspondent., of Gothic barbarity that covered hin, Hanslope,

Your's, &c. Henk, deformed, and secluded from pule Dec. 8. 1809.



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MEMOJRS of JOHN WALLIS, D.D. ans of the age in which he lived. "IIe

sometime SAVILIAN PROFESSOR of CEO- was (says Mr. Scarborough,) one of the METEY, in the UNIVEP.SITY of oxFORD, greatest masters of geometry that bath Keeper of the ARCHIVES, MEMBER appeared in any of these later ages; the of the RojaL SOCIETY, and CHAPLATY honour of our country, and the admiin ORDINARY to KING CIIARLES II.

ration of others.” Mr. Oughtred says, Originally compiled from SCARCE "he was a person adorned with all inge

nious and excellent arts and sciences, R. WALLIS was the son of the pious and industrious, of a deep and Ashford, in Kent, and was born in in all mathematical studies, and happy November, 1616: his father dying when and successful to admiration in decypherhe was young, he was indebted for his ing the most difficult and intricate education to the care and kindness of writings; which was indeed bis peculiar his inother, who sent him to school, honour, and affords the greatest instance first to Tenterden, in his native county, ever known of the force and penetration and afterwards to Felsted, in Essex, of the human understanding." I shall where be became pretty well acquainted here give the reader the doctor's own with the Latin and Greek languages, account of the first outset of this busiand also obtained some knowledge of ness. “ About the beginning of our Hebrew. Being at home during the civil wars, a chaplain of Sir Williain Christinas vacation, he learnt from a Waller showed me, as a curiosity, an younger brother the first rules of intercepted letter written in cypher, (and common arithmetic, which was his ini- it was indeed the first thing I had ever tiation into mathematics, and all the seen of the kind); and asked me, beteaching he had; but he afterwards pro. tween jest and earnest, if I could make secuted it as a pleasing diversion at any think of it? and was surprised, when spare bours, for mathematics were not I told him, perhaps I inight. It was at that time looked upon as academical about ten o'clock when we rose' from learning. In the year 1632, he was supper; and I withdrew to my chamber sent to the university of Cambridge, and to consider of it. By the namber of there admitted in Emanuel college, different characters in it, I judged it under the tuition of Mr. Anthony Buró could be no more than a new alphabet; gess, a prous, learned, and able scholar, and before I went to bed I found it out; a good disputant, an eminent preacher, which was my first attempt upon decyand afterwards minister of Sution-Cole- phering: and I was soon pressed to field, in Warwickshire. Dr, Wallis attempt one of a different character, proceeded' Bachelor of Arts in 1637, consisting of numerical figures, extending and Master of Arts in 1010: he entered to four or five hundred numbers, with into orders, and was ordained by bishop other characters internixed, which was Curle; and lived about a year as chaplain a letter_from Secretary Windebank, in the house of Sir Richard. Darby, at (then in France,) to his son in England; Buttercrum, in Yorkshire; and two and was a cypher hard enough, not unyears with the Lady Vere, (widow of the becoming a secretary of state. And Lord Horatio Vcre.) He was afterwards when, upon importunity, I had taken a fellow of Queen's college, Cambridge, great deal of pains with it without sucbut quitted his fellowship on his marriage cess, I threw it by; but after some tiine in 1644. About this time he was also I resunied it again, and had the good hap appointed one of the secretaries to the to master it. Assembly of Divines at Westminster; “ Being encouraged by this success and during his attendance on the assem- beyond expectation, I have ventured bly, he was a minister in London, first upon many others, and seldom failed of in Fenchurch-street, and afterwards in any that I have atteinpted for many Ironmonger-lane, where he continued years; though of late the French methods till liis removal to Oxford. There the of cyphers are grown so extremely intridoctor prosecuted bis studies; vill he at cate, that I have been obliged to quit length attained to such proficiency, as to many of them, without having patience be reputed one of the first inathematici- to go through'with them." The following






Alemoirs of Dr. John Wallis. [March 1, extracts from the copies of liis letters In a letter to a friend, he says: “It is are a convincing proof of bis labour and 'true, I have bad all along a great niany success in it; and that he never gave up a good words; that he is my humble ser, cypher while he had the least hope of vant-my

faithful servant-my very succeeding, In a letter to the Earl of faithful servanithat he will not fail to Nottingham, who was at that time acquaint the king with nsy diligence and Secretary to William UI, dated August success in this difficult work,” &c. But 4th, 1689, he says: “From the time your he met with a better master in Lord lordship's servant brouglit ine the letter Arlington, for whom he did not do the yesterday morning, I spent the whole tenth part of what he had done for the day upon it, (scarce giving myself tine earl. And as the doctor was thus to eat,) and most part of the night; and treated by our own ministers, so he was was at it again early this inorning, that I not used much better by those of the might not make your messenger wait too elector of Brandenburghi, for whose scrbong." In another: “I wrote to his vice he had decyphered some of the lordship the next day, on account of the French letters, the contents of which difficulty 1 at first appreliended, the.pas were of great consequence; the decypherpers being written in a hard cypher, and ing of which quite broke the French in a language of which I am not tho- king's measures in Poland for that time, roughly master; but sitting close to it in and caused his ainbassadors to be thrust good earnest, I have (notwithstanding out with disgrace, to their king's great that disadvantage) met with better suc- prejudice and disappointment. Take cess, and with more speed, than I the doctor's own words:-"Mr. Smetexpected. I have therefore returned' tan, (the elector's envoy,) entertained me to his lordship the papers which were all the while with a great many fine words sent me, with an intelligible account of and great promises, (which, when decywhat was there in cypher.” Being phered, I found to be nulis,) telling ine hard pressed by the Earl of Nottingham, what important service it was to his De thus writes at the conclusion of one master, and how well accepted, and of liis letters: “ But, my lord, it is hard what presents I was to receive froin him; service, and I ain quite weary. If your and in particular, that I was to have a honour were sensible how much pains rich medal, with an honourable inscripand study it cost me, you would pity tion, and a gold chain of great value, me; and there is a proverb of not riding 'which (he said) he expected by the a free horse too hard." The doctor, 1 next post: but after all, he left England suppose, thought it was now high time without making me the least requital for (after he had decyphered so many lete all my pains and trouble, save that once iers,) that some notice were taken of his be invited me to dine with him, wbich services; 'he therefore begins to give his cost me more in coach-hire thither and Jordship the lint: he was a little more back than would have paid for as good a plain in his next, wherein he says, dinner at an ordinary. I believe that 6s Ilowever I am neglected, I am not the elector does not know how unhandwilling to neylect their majesties' service; somely I have been used; and I take it and hare therefore re-assumed the let- unkind of his envoy to treat me as a ters which I had laid by, and which I child or as a fool, to be wheedled on to here send decyphered: perhaps it may bard serrices with fine words, and yet be thought worth little, after I have to think me so weak as to be unable to bestowed a great deal of pains upon understand him; when I had decyphered them, and be valued accordingly; but for them between two and three hundred it is not the first time that the like pains sheets of very difficult and very differs have been taken to as little purpose, by, ent cypliers, they might, I thiuk, at my lord," &c.-In another appears the least have offered me porter's pay, if not following postscript, dated August 15, that of a scrivener. I did not contraot 1691: “ But, my lord, I do a little with them, but did it frankly; for, having tronder to receive so many fresh letters a prince to deal with, I was to presume from your loidsbip without taking any he would deal like hinself." Whether notice of what I wrote in my last, which it was in consequence of the doctor's I thought would have been too plain letters, or that they were ashamed of 10 'need a decypberer; certainly, your their own ingratitude, or from whatever other clerks are betier paid, or else ihey cause it proceeded, the medal so long pould not serve you."

talked of, and so long expeceed, was at


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Jast sent. However, though they were the French, an example of joining kinso unwilling to reward his services, yet dred sound (sensus) with kindred words. they were desirous to prevent his art of In the above book the doctor says, “ A decyphering from dying with him; for certain learned French gentlemad prowhich purpose he was solicited by Mr. posed to me the underwritten four Leibnitz, by order of George I. then chosen French verses, composed on elector of llanover, to instruct a young purpose; boasting from it wonderfully of gentleman whom he would send over; the felicity of bis French language, and desired the doctor to make his own which expressed kindred seuses by terms. But he excused himself by say- kindred words; complaining, in the mean ing, “ that he should always be ready to while, of our English, one, as very often serve his electoral highness, whenever expressing kindred senses by woris conthere should be occasion; but, as his art joined by no relation : of decyphering was a curiosity that might Quand un cordier, cordant, veult corder une be of further service to his own country, corde ; he could not think of sending it abroad Pour sa corde corder, trois cordons il accorde: without the consent of his sovereign." Mais, si un des cordons de la corde déscorde,

This was a great act of disinterested- Le cordon déscordant fait déscorder la corde. ness in the doctor, and deserves the But, that I might show that this felicity highest commendation; - because it is of languáge was not wanting to our own, certain he might have made a very immediately, without making choice of advantageous bargain for himself, with fresh matier, I translated verbally the out the least impropriety of conduct, had

same four verses into the English tongue, he not preferred the good of his country to retaining the saine turn of words which his own private emolument; and it was, he had observed in his, only substituting no doubt, considered as such by King the word twist, purely English, for the William, who settled on him a pension exotic word cord, which he expected me of 100l. a year, with survivorship to his grandson, whom he had instructed in the When a twister, a-twisting, will twist him a art of decyphering at the particular desire of his majesty. We njust now look for the twisting his twist, he three twines

twist, back, and see the other inethods in which

doth entwist; his useful pen was eroployed; and we But, if one of the twines of the twist does shall find it at no period idle. 'About

untwist, the year 1633 he published bis-Tracius de The twine that untwisteth, untwisteth the Loquelà Grammatica-physicus;" where- twist. in he gives a particular account of the And to them these four others: physical or mechanical formation of sounds used in speech, or expressed by Untwirling the twine chat untwisted be. the letters of several languages. In the year 1699, he published at Oxford three He twiris with his twister the two in a

twine : Large folios upon mathematics, with this

Then, twice having twisted the twines of the title, “ Mathesis Universalis.' Part of

twine, the third volume of lus “Opera Mathe- He twisteth the twine he had twined in matica," is employed in preserving and twain. restoring divers ancient Greek auibors,

And these : which were in danger of being lost. In the year 1642, he published a book, The twain that, in twining before in the entitled " Truth Tried;" in answer to a

twine, treatise written by Lord Brook, entitled As twins were entwisted, he now doth un. 16 The Nature of Truth.". In the year 'Twist the cwain intertwisting a twine more

twine : 1653 was published, in Latin, his Gram).

between, mar of the English Tongue, for the use He, twirling his twister, makes a twist of of foreigners; in which he has a curious

the twine.” observation on words beginning with cr,

In the year 1658, carne out his “Com. as if they took their meaning from the In his“ Praxis Grammatica,” he mercium Epistolicum,” being an episto.

Lord gives us the following jeu-d'esprit, which lary correspondence between show's him to have been so well Brouncker and Dr. Wallis, on one part, acquainted with the English tongue, as

and Messin. Ferinate and Frenicle, to be able to translate extempore, fron (two Treuch gentlemen) on the other;

occasioned 1





Mcmoirs of Dr. John (Vallis. (March 1; occasioned by a challenge given by Mr. of the divines who were empowered to l'ermate, to the English, Dutch, and review the book of Common Prayer. He I'rench mathematicians, , to answer wroie and published sundry tracts, and numerical question : but this sort of a great variety of letters, on philosophical, questions were not such as the doctor mathematical, and mechanical, subjects. was fond of; therefore, at first, be did Upon the Restoration he met with great not pay that attention to it which it respect; and was not only admitted one seemed to require ; but how he succeeded of the king's chaplains in ordinary, but afterwards may be learnt from the fol- likewise confirmed in his two places of lowing extracts. Sir Kenelm Digby thus Savilian professor, and keeper of the writes to the doctor from Paris : “ I archives, at Oxford. To what bras been beseech you to accept of the profession I said of the doctor, I may add, that he bere make you, with all truth and sin- was well skilled in the most noble science cerily; mbich is, that I honour most of theology: the degree of eminence to highly your great parts and worth, and wbieh he attained in this particular, adds the noble productions of your large and a lustre to all his other numerous, botli knowing mind, which maketh you the natural and acquired, excellences. Ile honour of our nation, and envy of all published a few sermons in lois life-time; others; certainly you have had the satis- and 'a volume has also been published faction to have bad the two greatest inen since his death. It does not appear that in France, (Messrs. Fermate and Frenicle) Dr. Wallis had any considerable churchto cope with; and I doubt not but your preferment, nor that he was desirous of letter will make them, and all the world, it; for, writing to a friend upon that subgive as large and as full a deference to ject, he says, “ I have not been fond of you. This excellent production of your being a great man; studying more to be single brain batb convinced our mathe- serviceable, than to be great; and therematicians here, that, like Saison, you fore have not sought after it.” However, can easily break and snap asunder all in the year 1992, the queen made him the Philistines' cords and snares, when the proffer of the deanry of Ilereford, the assault cometh warmly upon you.” whicli, being not quite agreeable to his Mr. Frenicle writes thus to Sir Kenelin mind, he declined; probably not thinking Digby:-"I have read over the last let- it worth his accepting: for, he observes ter of the great Dr. Wallis, from which to a friend upon this occasion, that: “ It it appears plain to me, how much he

was a proverb, when I was a boy, Better excels in inathematical knowledge. I sit still, than rise to fall. If I bave dehad given my opinion of him dreaming, served no better, I shall doubt whether but now I willingly give my judgment of I have deserved this; it being but equihiin waking. Before, I saw Hercules, valent to what I have, and with which I but it was playing with children; now I am contented : I am an old man, and am behold him destroying monsters at last, not like to enjoy any place long.". Thus going forth in gigantic strength. Now did that great and good man give his must Holland yield to England, and labours to bis country, without seeking Paris to Oxford." Thus ended this those emoluments and rewards wbich learned dispute ; during which many other others, without the least degree of merit, ingenious problems were started, and pursue with the greatest eagerness, and solved, equally to honour of the ihink themselves injured if they do not doctor.

attain them. In 1655, Mr. Thomas Hobbes pub- The doctorlived to a good old age, being lished “Sıx Lessons to the Professors of upwards of eighty-seven when he died, Mathematics in Oxford." Upon this the (October 28, 1703.) He was interred in doctor wrote an answer, entitled, “Due the choir of St. Mary's church, in OxCorrection for Mr. llobbes, or School ford, wbere a handsome monument is Discipline for not saying his Lesson erected to his memory, with a Latin inright." In 1661, he was appointed one scription.


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