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that it would not be displeasing to you lic life in the gloom of a monastery, it to hear some account of a deceased was scarcely known that he existed, unfriend, has induced me to trouble you til, in the age of chivalry, he was again with a few memoirs of Taste.

called forth in the service of the fair sex, Taste was the offspring of Judgment from this time he began to gain strength and Imagination. As he was rather a and respectability. The reason of this plain chill, his parents endeavoured to was that, although he had been forgotten, remedy the defecis of nature by art; but his works remained; which, on his first rethe methods they pursued were so dito appearance, were eagerly consulted; and ferent, that they were continually involved it was universally agreed that the author in quarrels respecting him. The conse must be worthy of the bigliest degree of quence of this was, that he was scarcely honor and respect. Be was in conses attended to at all, and used to run about quence declared supreme judge of works the streets up to his knees in mut. In Ofnrt and science, patron and protector ibis condition he was found by Homer, of all artists and professors of literature, who scraped off some of the dirt that and president of all scientific establish hung ahgot bim, and carried him with ments.

Ilis power now became anlie him, in the capacity of a guide. Hoiner mited; and, sunt feeling an affection for introduced him to the muses, and when Italy, 'the scene of his former grandeur, they went to take up their abode at he nade it the seat of lis present great. Athens he accompanied them. Here, pess.

After some centuries however of under their tuition, he improved rapidly; just and undisputed sway, certain eccenand at an age when other children are tricities were observed in his behaviour, thumbing their horn-books, and playing which much alirmed his friends; and at at chuck-farthing, he was engraving on length he gave full proof of insanity, by drinking-nings, and making sonnets. As falling in love with and marrying Folls, he grew up, from the company in which a being whom he had always before de. beresided, he was of course introduced to spised and bated. By her he had a all the celebrated poets and artists of the sen called Absurdity, by whom he was age, who cherished and instructed him; dethroned: after which he languisfied and as he was a popular character, he a short time and then died; leaving buc was enabled to requite their services by few friends to lament his loss. rewarding their labors.

It is not my intention now to enter Besides, however, his friends, he had into a history of the reign of Absurdity; (like all who possess intrinsic worth) se- but should this be deemed worthy of pube veral enemies. He was nearly killed by lication, you may perhaps hear soine Diogenes, for attempting to paint that account of him, from Your's &c. eynic's tub, and carve his wooden bowl.

NON-NES, He once attempted to settle in Sparta; but Lycurgus threw some black bioth in to the Editor of the Monthly Magazine, his face, and kicked bim out of the city, SIR, because he could not leap over a ditch. dinlenen, during the decay of Arbchis, I Coiresomeshat surprising, that your

correspondent R. B. p. 471 of your finding it impossible to reside in a staté 'last volune, in consulung Hurace for continually harassed, partially subdued, authoritics respecting flebilis, should have and universally terrified by powerful ene- overlooked the followed sentence: mies, he removed to Rome. llere he

Flebilis sponsæ juvenem ve raptum hecame a great favourite at court, under Plorat. Lib. 4. 01. 2. Lin. 21, 22, the reign of Augustus. After that emperor's death, his own friendis al.o gradu Here flebilis is cvidently used in pre. allydying, he began himself to droop, and cisely the same signification as ibat in His destruction was nearly completed by which Lord Hailes has employed it. an mense course of Latin divinity. More instances of a sinilar use of the Thus situated, deprived of his friends, word may probably occur in classic auweak and wounded in his condition, and thurs. To search for them, however, is despised, he became hypochondriacat, and unnecessary; as this one example is of for some time languished unheard of. itself quite sufficient to vindicate his

At length he again appeared, though lordship from the lasty charge preferred scarcely discernible from the rurie weeds against him by your correspondent., of Gothic barbarity that covered liin. Hansiope, Your's, &c. enk, deformed, and secluded from pule Dec. 3. 1809.

W, SINGLETON.

MEMOIRS

DOCUMENTS.

MEMOIRS AND REMAINS OF EMINENT PERSONS. MENOJRS of JOIN WALLIS, D.D. ans of the age in which he lived. “Ile

sometime SAVILIAN PROFESSOR of CEO was (says Mr. Scarborough,) one of the METRY, in the UNIVEP.SITY of OXFORD, greatest masters of geometry that batha KEEPER of the ARCHIVES, MEMBER appeared in any of these later ages; the of the ROYAL SOCIETY, and CIIAPLAIN honour of our country, and the admiin ondinary to KING CHARLES II. ration of others.” Mr. Onghered says, Originally compiled from SCARCE “ he was a person adorned with all inge

nious and excellent arts and sciences, D

R. VALLIS was the son of the pious and industrious, of a deep and

Rev. John Wallis, M. A. minister of diffusive learning, an accurate judgment Ashford, in Kent, and was born in in all mathematical studies, and happy November, 1616: his father dying when and successful to admiration in decypher. he was young, he was indebted for his ing the most difficult and intricate eclucatiou to the care and kindness of writings; which was indeed bis peculiar his inother, who sent him to school, honour, and affords the greatest instance first to Tenterden, in his native county, ever known of the force and penetration and afterwards to Felsted, in Essex, of the human understanding." I shall where he became pretty well acquainted here give the reader the doctor's own with the Latin and Greek languages, account of the first outset of this busiand also obtaired some knowledge of ness. About the beginning of our Hebrew. Being at home during the civil wars, a chaplain of Sir William Christinas vacation, he learnt from a Waller showed me, as a curiosity, an younger brother the first rules of intercepted letter written in cypher, (and common arithmetic, which was his ini- it was indeed the first thing I had ever tiation into mathematics, and all the seen of the kind); and asked me, beteaching he had; but he afterwards pro- tween jest and earnest, if I could make secuted it as a pleasing diversion at any think of it? and was surprised, ivhen spare bours, for mathematics were not I told him, perhaps I night. It was at that time looked upon as academical about ten o'clock when we rose' froin learning. In the year 1632, he was supper; and I withdrew to my chamber sent to the university of Cambridge, and to consider of it. By the number of there adınitted in Emanuel college, different characters in it, I judged it under the tuition of Mr. Anthony Bure could be no more than a new alphabet; gess, a pious, learned, and able scholar, and before I went to bed I found it out; a good disputant, an eminent preacher, which was my first attempt upon decyand afterwards minister of Sution-Cole phering: and I was soon pressed to field, in Warwickshire. Dr. Wallis attempt one of a different character, proceeded Bachelor of Arts in 1637, consisting of numerical figures, extending and Master of Arts in 1610: he entered to four or five hundred numbers, with into orders, and was ordained by bishop other characters intermixed, which was Curle; and lived about a year as chaplain a letter from Secretary Windebank, in the house of Sir Richard. Darby, at (then in France,) to his son in England; Buttercrum, in Yorkshire; and two and was a cypher hard enough, not unyears with the Lady Vere, (widow of the becoming a secretary of state. And Lord Horatio Vere.) He was afierwards when, upon importunity, I had taken a fellow of Queen's college, Cambridge, great deal of pains with it without sucbut quitted his fellowship on his marriage cess, I threw it by; but after some time in 1644. About this time he was also I resumed it again, and had the good hap appointed one of the secretaries to the to master it. Assembly of Divinies at Westminster; Being encouraged by this success and during his attendance on the assem- beyond expectation, I have ventured bly, he was a minister in London, first upon many others, and seldom failed of in Fenchurch-street, and afterwards in any that I have attempted for many Ironmonger-lane, where he continued years; though of late the French methods till his removal to Oxford. There the of cyphers are grown so extremely intridoctor prosecuted his studies; vill he at cate, that I have been obliged to quit bength attained to such proficiency, as to many of them, without having patience be reputed one of the first mathematici- to go through'with them." The following

tracts

extracts from the copies of liis letters In a letter to a friend, he says: “It is are a convincing proof of bis labour and "true, I bave had all along a great niany success in it; and that he never gave up a good words; that he is my humble ser. Cypher while he had wie least hope of vant-my

faithful servant-my rery sicceeding. In a letter to the Earl of faithful servant--that he will not fail to Nottinghain, who was at that time acquaint the king with my diligence and Secretary to William UI. dated August success in this difficult work," &c. But 4th, 1689, he says: “From the tinc your he met with a better master in Lord Jordslip's servant brought me the letter Arlington, for whom he did not do the yesterday morning, I spent the whole tenth part of what he bad done for the day upon it, (scarce giving myself time earl. And as the doctor was thus to eat,) and most part if the sight; and treated by our own ministers, so he was was at it again early this inorning, that I not used much better by ihose of the might not make your messenger wait too elector of Brandenburgh, for whose serlong." In another: “I wrote to his vice he had decyphered some of the Jordship the next day, on account of the French letters, the contents of which difficulty 1 at first apprehended, thepia were of great consequence; the decypherpers being written in a hard cypher, and ing of which quite broke the French is a language of which I am not tho- king's measures in Poland for that time, roughly master; but sitting close to it in and caused his ainbassadors to be thrust good earnest, I have (notwithstanding out with disgrace, to their king's great ibat disadvantage) met with better suc prejudice and disappointment. Take cess, and with more speed, than I the doctor's own words:--- Mr. Smetexpected. I bave therefore returned tan, (the elector's envoy,) entertained me to bis lordslıip the papers which were all the while with a great many fine words sent me, with an intelligible account of and great promises, (which, when decywhat was there in cypher.”. Being phered, I found to be nulis,) telling ine hard pressed by the Earl of Nottingham, what important service it was to his be thus writes at the conclusion of one master, and how well accepted, and of his letters: “ But, my lord, it is hard what presents I was to receive froin biin; service, and I am quite weary. If your and in particular, that I was to have a honour were sensible how much pains rich medal, with an honourable inscripand study it cost ine, you would pity tion, and a gold chain of great value, me; and there is a proverb of not riding 'which (he said) he expected by the A free horse too hard.” The doctor, I next post: but after all, he left England suppose, thought it was now bigh time without making nie the least requital for (after he had decyphered so many let. all my pains and trouble, save that once iers,) that some notice were taken of his be invited me to dine with bim, which services; 'he therefore begins to give his cost me more in coach-lire thither and Jordship the bint: he was a littie more back than would have paid for as good a plain in his next, wherein he says, dinner at an ordinary. I believe that 6s llowever I am neglecter, I am not the elector does not know how unhandwilling to neglect their majesties' service; somely I have been used; and I take it and have therefore re-assumed the lets unkind of his envoy to treat me as a ters which I had laid by, and which I child or as a fool, to be wheedled on to here send decyphered: perhaps it may hard services with fine words, and yet be thought worth little, after I have to think me so weak as to be unable to bestowed a great deal of pains upon understand bin; when I had decyphered them, and be valued accordingly; but for them between two and three hundred it is not the first time that the like pains sheets of very difficult and very differa have been taken to as little purpose, by, ent cypliers, they might, I think, at my lord,” dic.--In another appears the least have offered me porter's pay, if not following postscript, dated August 15, that of a scrivener. I did not contraot 1691: “But, my lord, I do a little with them, but did it frankly; for, having sonder to receive so many fresh letiers a prince to deal with, I was to presume froin your loidship without taking any he would deal like himself." Wbether notice of what I wrote in my last, which it was in consequence of the doctor's I thought would bave been too plain letters, or that they were ashamed of 10 'need a decypherer; certainly, your their own ingratitude, or from whatever other clerks are betier pad, or else ihey cause it proceeded, the medal so long would not serve you."

talked of, and so long expecied, was at

to use:

last sent. However, though they were the French, an example of joining kine so unwilling to reward his services, yet dred sound (scnsus) with kindred words. they were desirous to prevent his art of In the above book the doctor says, “ A decyphering from dying with him; for certain learned French gentleman prowhich purpose he was solicited by Mr. posed to me the underwritien four Leibnitz, by order of George I. then chosen French verses, composed on elector of Ilanover, to instruct a young purpose ; boasting from it wonderfully of gentleman whom he would send over; the felicity of his French language, and desired the doctor to make his own

which expressed kindred senses by terms. But he excused himself by say- kindred words; complaining, in the meau ing, “ that he should always be ready to while, of our English one, as very often serse his electoral highness, whenever expressing kindred senses by worils conof decyphering was a curiosity that might Quand un cardier, cordant, veule corder une there should be occasion; but, as his art joined by no relation : be of further service to his own country, corde ; he could not think of sending it abroad Pour sa corde corder, trois cordons il accorde: without the consent of his sovereign." Mais, si un des cordons de la corde descorde,

This was a great act of disinterested- Le cordon déscordant fait déscorder la corde. ness in the doctor, and deserves the But, that I might show that this felicity highest commendation; - because it is of language was not wanting to our own, certain he might have made a very immediately, without making choice of advantageous bargain for himself, with fresh matter, I translated verbally the out the least impropriety of conduct, had

same four verses into the English tongue, he not preferred the good of his country to retaining the saine turn of words whicks his own private emolument; and it was, he had observed in his, only substituting no doubt, considered as such by king the word twist, purely Englishı

, for the William, 'who settled on him a pension exotic word cord, which he expected me of 100l, a year, with survivorship to his grandson, whom he had instructed in the art of decyphering at the particular de- When a twister, a-twisting, will { wist him a

twist, sire of his majesty. We must now look back, and see the other methods in which For the twisting his twist, he three twines

doth entwist; his useful pen was employed; and we But, if one of the cwines of the twist does shall find it at no period idle. 'About

untwiit, the year 1653 he published his “Tracius de The twine that untwisteth, untwistech the Loquela Grammatica-physicus;" where twist. in he gives a particular account of the And to them these four others : plıysical or mechanical formation of sounds used in speech, or expressed by Untwirling the twine that untwisted be. the letters of several languages. In the year 1699, he published at Oxford three He twiris with his twister the two in a

tsvine: Large folios upon mathematics, with this Then, twice having twisted the twines of the title, “ Mathesis Universalis.” Part of

twine, the third volume of his “Opera Mathe. He twisteth' the twine he had twined in matica,” is employed in preserving and twain. Testoring divers ancient Greek agibors,

And these : which were in danger of being lost. In the year 1642, he published a book, The twain that, in twining before in the entitled “Truth Tried;" in answer to a

tivine, treatise written by Lord Brook, entitled As twins were entwisted, he now doth un.

twine : “ The Nature of Truth.” In the year 'Twist the twain intertwisting a twine more 1653 was published, in Latin, bis Gram.

between, mar of the English Tongue, for the use He, twirling his twister, makes a twist of of foreigners; in which he has a curious

the twine." observation on words beginning witlier,

In the vear 1658, come out his “ Com. as if they took their meaning from the cross. In his “ Praxis Grammatica," he mercium Epistolicum,” being an episto. gives us the following jeu-d'esprit, which lary correspondence between Lord shows him to

have been so well Brouncker and Dr. Wallis, on one part, acquainted with the English tongue, as

and Messrs. Fernate and Frenicle, to be able to translate extempore, fron (two liencls gentlemen) on the other;

occasioned

tween,

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occasioned by a challenge given by Mr. of the divines who were empowered to lerinate, to the English, Dutch, and review the book of Common Prayer. He French mathematicians, to answer wroie and published sundry tracts, and numerical question: but this sort of a great variety of letters, on philosophical, questions were not such as the doctor mathematical, and mechanical, subjects. was fond of; therefore, at first, be did Upon the Restoration he met with great not pay that attention to it which it respect; and was not only admitted one seemed to require ; but how he succeeded of the king's chaplains in ordinary, but alierwards may be learnt from the fol- likewise confirmed in his two places of lowing extraçıs.. Sir Kenelm Digby thus Savilian professor, and keeper of the writes to the doctor froin Paris : “[archives, at Oxford. To what has been beseech you to accept of the profession I said of the doctor, I may add, that he bere make you, with all truth and sin- was well skilled in the most noble science cerily; bich is, that I honour most of theology: the degree of eminence 10 luighly your great parts and worth, and which he attained in this particular, adus the noble productions of your large and a lustre to all his other numerous, both knowing mind, which maketh you the natural and acquired, excellences. He' honour of our nation, and envy of all published a few sermons in luis life-time; others; certainly you have had the satis- and a volume has also been published faction to have had the two greatest inen since his death. It does not appear that in France, Messrs. Fermate and Frenicle) Dr. Wallis bad any considerable churchto cope with; and I doubt not but your preferment, nor that he was desirous of letter will make them, and all the world, it; for, writing to a friend upon that subgive as large and as full a deference to · ject, he says, “ I have not been fond of you. This excellent production of your being a great man; studying more to be single brain bath convinced our mathe serviceable, than to be great; and there. maucians here, that, like Samson, you fore have not sought after it.” However, can easily break and snap asunder all in the year 1692, the queen made him the Philistines' cords and snares, when the proffer of the deanry of Ilereford, the assault cometh warınly upon you.” whicli, being not quite agreeable to his Mr. Frenicle writes thus to Sir Kenelin mind, he declined; probably not thinking Digby:-"I have read over the last let- it worth his accepting: for, he observes ter of the great Dr. Wallis, from which to a friend upon this occasion, that: “ It it appears plain to me, how much he' was a proverb, when I was a boy, Better excels in inathematical knowledge. I sit still

, than rise to fall. If I bave dehad given my opinion of him dreaming, served no betier, I shall doubt whether but now I willingly give my judgment of I have deserved this; it being but equiliin waking. Before, I saw Hercules, valent to what I have, and with which I but it was playing with children; now I am contented : I am an old man, and am behold him destroying monsters at last, not like to enjoy any place long.". Thus going forth in gigantic strength. Now did that great and good man gire bis inust Ilolland vield to England, and labours to bis country, without seeking Paris to Oxford." Thuy ended this those emoluments and rewards which learned dispute; during which many other others, without the least degree of merit, ingenious problems were started, and pursue with the greatest eagerness, and solved, cqually to the honour of the ihink themselves injured if they do not doctor.

attain them. In 1655, Mr. Thomas Ilobbes pub The doctor lived to a good old age, being lished “Six Lessons to the Professors of upwards of eighey-seven when he died, Mathematics in Oxford." Upon this the (October 23, 1703.) He was interred in doctor wrote an answer, enuiled, " Due the choir of St. Mary's church, in. Oxo Correction for Mr. Tobbes, or School ford, where a handsome monument is Discipline for not saying bis Lesson erected to his inemory, with a Latin inright." In 1661, he was appointed one scription.

SCARCE

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