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importation of Merino rams as a cross to To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. the offspring of their ancestors.

SIB, The subject appears to me worthy of serious investigation; and I have not a IT

T was with satisfaction that I observed doubt that many useful communica

the other day, in your Magazine fue tions may be produced, by the above November, the letter of your corresextract from that faithfui chronicler, pondent I. L. P. on the forgery of Bande " honest John Stowe.”

Notes. The lamentable waste of huinan Your's, &c. J.C. RANKIN. life which results from the prevalence of

this crime, must be a subject of deep To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. regret to every humane and reflecung SIR,

person. To the unfortunate men, six ia N the Quarterly Review for Novem- number, whom I. L. P. inentions as secently-published travels of Mr. Ker last assizes für Lancaster, and who have Porter, in Russia, in which the Re- since been executed, 'le night have viewers, after stating the unnecessary added, that at the preceding spring. introduction of the whole story of Ham- assizes, there were eleven persons found let into the work, remark, that the “un- guilty of a sinilar 'offence, of whouse fortunate prince is murdered over again seven were executeu, and four transa by & vile translation from the vile Latin ported. And though in the newspapers of Saxo-Grammaticus." Now, without these nen were said to have bota. entering upon any discussion concerning punished for forgery on the Bank of the vileness of ihe translation, which Eryland, the truth is, that they were must be left to smilt for itself against found guilty, not of forgery properly sa the critic's insinuations (and these are, called, but of uttering Bank Noleh, alas! too just,) I shall inerely attempt knowing them to be forged; different to parry the blow aimed at the original crimes, certainly, but confounded togeauthor of the Danish story, or rather ther in one common punistunent by a against his Latinity, by opposing a shield late act of parliament, by one clause of borrowed on the occasion, from a very which, persons baving any forged noses celebrated champion in the field of li- in their possession, are made liable to terature, and probably at least as good a transportation. judge of Latinity as the Quarterly Re- If that superior mode of engraving, viewers. It is constructed of the follow. recommended by your correspoudent, ing words: “ Danna nobis dedit Saxonein should he found ineffectual to prevent the Grammaticum, qui suæ gentis historiam evil complained of, there is another which splendide magnificèque contexuit: probo be does not touch upon, that would ces vividum et ardens ingenium, orationem tainly have the desired effect. It is nusquam remissam aut dorinitantem, Ouly in the small notes, for one and twa tam miram verborum copiam, sententias pounds, that forgery to any extent crebras, et figurarum adınirabilein vari- exists. To forge the larger notes would etatem, ut satis admirari non queam, answer the purpose: the parties unde illå ætate homini Dano tanta vis could not introduce them into circii. eloquendi suppetierit."--Erusmus, in Ci- laton; such notes are not wanted for ceroniano. If this will not protect the everyday payments; they do not oftea Hane against the critic's lance, let us get into the hands of ignorant people ; try another mode of defence in the words and wben taken, they are naturally of Vossius : “ Quod ad Saxonis dictionem, subject to a closer scrutiny, in protanta hujus est elegantia, ut ætatis illius portion to their increased value. 'To captuin planè excedat, iinù cum anti- confirm these remarks, I may appead quiorum et nostri sæculi plurimis certet," to fact, low rare, comparatively, were De Histor. Lat. lib.ii. cap. lv. The executions for forgery, before the small celebrated Pontanus has compared the Bank Notes appeared! style of Saxo to that of Valerius Maximus. If then the evil arises from the circu

This may serve as a lesson to Reviewers lation of these small notes, it is natural of all kinds, how they hazard dashing to ask, Are they cessary? I reply inconsiderate opinions, which, get without hesitation, No. There canner speaking, they are much too apt to do. be a question, that a supply of cash in January 9, 1810. Your's, &c their place would soon be found when CasTIGATOR. Yanied. At present, the notes have

driveu

136
On the Increase of Tilles.

[March 1, driven the cash out of circulation, be. his Majesty's reign, the peers of England cause it could be more profitably and lieland have been doubled, and the employed. There is a gain on the baronets have never been so numerous exportation of gold to the continent; as they at present are; those of England and much, no doubt, has gone out of the amount to five hundred and sixty-one, kingdom: but let the small notes be those of Scotland one hundred and forty called in, and gold enough will return to cight, and of Ireland one hundred and fill up the vacuum. It is, like any other three: in all eight hundred and twelve. commodity that is permitted to cir- This statement, one would think, either culate freely, certain to find its way to argued amazing magnanimity and talent the best market; and (unlike some in our countryinen, (thus to be able to commodities), it is almost impossible swell our list of worthies) or afforded a to prevent its circulating freely, so convincing proof of their excessive easily is it smuggled. Those, therefore, if vanity. When we look candidly into such there be, who think that if the small the cause, we shall indeed find it highly notes were abolished, we should want a creditable to our country; for we shall mcdium to carry on the daily commerce observe that at least one-half of this lioof life, may rest assured they are much norable body is composed of men remistoken. To 'annihilate the whole, warded for their merits; and that to the anderstood to be abore four millions other bálf, the motive of vanity is falsely in amount, would indeed produce a and invidiously ascribed. temporary inconvenience. But this The people of this country, Sir, have is neither necessary, nor, dispersed as of late been gradually refining; or, if I the notes are over the country, would may so term it, the lower orders have it be practicable. Let them be gra- been trying to reduce to the same level dually called in, and no inconveuience with themselves the well-born, the wellwhatever to the public would result. educated, and the aislaent; avd accord.

To prevent then the prevalence of ingly all kinds of fraud and corruption these lamentable crimes, and their are exercised in order to enable them to cruel consequences, if nothing else will effect this by the aid of dress, and every do, there can be no hesitation in saying species of initation. Hence is it to be ebat the small notes should be altogether wondered at, that the inan whose family done away.

Severe methods have been has enjoyed for many generations heretried too long. The keeper of Lancaster ditary possessions, shou.d feel himself castle, a good and humane man, is, I somewliat mortified at the upstart pride, ain told, grieved and shocked with the I have alluded to? He seeks title therefore numerous executions that have taken not from vanity, not from a wish of haplace there of late. To pass sentence on ving additional superiority, but only froin ihe criminals must no doubt have been the honest desire of maintaining that very painful to the mild and veverable which pature has allotted to him. llow judge who, usually presides in the court; is the wife of a man of fortune to be and a strong, though perhaps unfounded, distinguished now? Are not those persons opinion, that these awful examples are who are most decidedly her inferiors necessary to the support of public addressed by the same appellation? Who credit, can, I presume, be the only reu- is there that is not now dubbed an esquire son why the individuals have not been and a gentleinan? recommended to the royal mercy.

From the time of William the ConIt is scarcely necessary to observe, queror to the days of James I. we find that the measure above recommended, every man possessing a certain tenure, a would not interfere with the Bank-re- knight; and now that knighthood is striction law. The Bank might be pro- rendered an inferior order by the introbibited from issuing notes under 51. ra- duction of baronetage, it certainly should lue; and yet privileged not to pay its be the aim of every man to get himself notes in cash, as long as parliament may enrolled in this respectable order, who

Your's, &c.

possesses upwards of a thousand a-year Dec. 19, 1809.

T. F. in landed property. I am far froin inclu

ding other men, even did their incomes To the Editor of the Alonthly Magazine. amount to double or treble this sum; it SIR,

would be hard to say what sort of a THE rage for obtaining tilies and mediey we might then have! Landed years increased astonishmg's. During this devolving inalienably to the heirs' S

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through successive ages, leaves the rank man in black opened the door, and . never unsupported. The possessors of walking up, addressed him with a very this are far more respectable than other consequential air, “ Pray, sir, who may persons, since it gives them a sort of you be?” “Who am I? Such a one, prescriptive right over their tenants, and come to preach for your lecturer this which money cannot purchase: it is by afternoon." • There was nobody here the landed interest that a man can be last Sunday," said the man, “ and I see fairly and honorably returned to parlia- nobody to-day." Upon which, taking ment: it is by the landed interest that up bis hat, he stalked off with dignity, that most useful body the militia of the saying, “ Let us 'depart in peace;" and kingdom is at once raised, headed, and left the clergyman oyerwhelined with ininaintained; and services of this latter dignation. nature are so well understood, that the IVoburn, Bedford. Your's, &c. ministerial papers have announced the Sept. 13, 1809.

M. CASTLEDEN intention of creating several gentlemen of Ireland baronets, on this very account.

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. I hope I have now shown that the SIR, acquirement

of an hereditary distinction. I planation of the Church Catechisin, is to be sought by, and will be given to, those who have any way benefited their published in London, lately, by the books country; and that the attainment of it sellers to the Society for the Propagution even without the claim of reward, may of Christian Knowledge, and taugit i not in every case proceed from vanity. many of the most respectable schools Aug. 207h.

and academies about London; in page

16 of the thirty-eighth and last edition, To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. I find, immediately following the question, SIR,

“ What is meant by renouncing hin?" He attention of the legislature hav- (meaning the devil) this answer : “ The

on ber of licences, granted under the tole. with the Devil, whereof witches, and ration act, you will have in remembrance, conjurers, and such as resort to them, ibat when Lord Sidmouth made his mo- are guilty.” tion on the subject, his Grace of Canter- .There seems to me, Mr. Editor, snmcbury remarked, that “from his own ex- thing extremely improper in this answer; perience, in two dioceses, he was induced as it tends to make children believe in to believe the dissenters had increased the existence of witches, a doctrine which, very much, particularly in the last few except by a few low and ignorant people, years: one cause he conceived to be, the is now universally exploded. It is but of want of churches to contain the people; small importance, that the reverend au. for the fact was, our population had far thor, Mr. Lewes, minister of Margate, outgrown our machinery.”

Kent, and the publishers, can quote the Now, Sir, will you insert the following history of the witch of Eudor, in supfact? On Sunday afternoon, the 3d of tbis port of this doctrine. For that passage, month, I went into one of the central it is well known, having puzzled our best churches of the metropolis, and in this biblical critics, is to this day not wel Jarge handsome pile, no more than three understood. However, this much is ccro women, myself, and another individual in tain respecting it: that the term, there the aisle, formed the congregation. The translated witch, does not call up to the respectable minister was in bis sermon, mind of one, in the least acquainted with and, from what I heard, I thought it deo the original, that catalogue of crimes for served a better and larger audience. But whicle poor old women in this country, even one of these three women was fast till about a century ago, used to be con asleep!

demned to the flames.

The truth is, A minister went one day to a certain were those, who quote and drag in Scripchurch in the city, to officiate for the lec- ture in support of this, that, and the turer. After a walk of two iniles, he other doctrine, to study, even with a mo. entered the church a few minutes before derate degree of care, the language of the time, and was surprised not to see Scriplure, and to pay any degree vi atan individual in the church except the tention to the laws, customs, manners, boy who was tolling the bell, with the and mode of thinking, ti) ulich the sun surplice on his arm. He went into the cred writers nut untrequently refer, they restry, and had just sat down, when a would find, that, instead of supporting NONTHLY Maf. No. 190.

S

UCH

138

Esther Inglis.-Touching for the Evil. [March 1, their peculiar notions, these passages “ A New Yeers Gvist for the Right How often militate against them, and are cale norable and Vertvous Lord, my Lord Side culated to support doctrines of an oppo- nay, of the land-Writing and Limming site iendency. Did people, for instance, .of mee Esther Inglis, the First of Ianvar, attend to this, that in the third chapter 1606."

Your's &c. of the book of Genesis, the original word Greenwich, Joan CALDECOTT. translated scued, means to fix, tic, or October 9, 1809. fasten together in general, be it by a pin of wood, or in any other way; they would To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. not, as is often done, ask chat ridiculous

SIR, questions, Where Adam found the needles and thread, with which he sewed the things ALONG the numerous superstitious leaves together? And, did they attend period prevailed even among the learned, to this, that there was a sinall window but which reason and good sense liave in the temple at Jerusalem, commonly now happily banished, none was more called the Needle's Eye, and well known ridiculous than that of the scrofula, or to the Jews by that name, they would king's-evil, being cured by the royal not be so apt to fud fault with the ex- touch. Whether our monarchs thempression of our Saviour, when be tells us, selses believed they possessed this mirathat “It is easier for a camel to pass culous power of healing, or whether they through the needle's eye, than for a rich spread this deception to dupe the peoman, by means of his riches, to enter into ple into a belief of their divine right, the kingdom of God.” So that, though, they universally laid claim to it from. for some tiine before as well as alter the Edward the Confessor down to the last days of James VI., who wrote a treatise of the race of Stuart. It does not appear on witchcraft, the doctrine was believed, that any of the house of Brunswick have yet if the reverend author avd publishers asserted this royal function; at least is of the above Catechisın can bring no has never been publiciy announced, ag other proof than they have dove, or than is was formerly the practice; but were his generally known, for the existence of present majesty to resume it, such faith witches, they would have evinced a more is yet put in the assertion of a king, that rational piety, have shown themselves all the courticrs, and the great body of better pneumaticians, and better ac- the ignorant multitude, would not hesiquainted with the Christian system, had tate to believe its infallibility. The last they saved themselves the trouble of sovereign who appears to have exercised warning people against resorting to them. this miraculous gift was Queen Anne. In A book published with a view of being the Royal Gazette of March 12, 1712, put into the hands of children, tending appears the following public notice: to a belief in the existence of witches,

“It being her majesty's royal intention to however valuable in other respects,comes, touch publicly for the evil the 17th of this in my opinion, with a very had grace instant March, and so to continue for some from any connected with the Society for time, it is her majesty's command, that the Propagation of Christian Knowledge. tieicets be delivered the day before ar WhiteNot doubting that this will find a place hall, and that all persons bring a certificate, in some corner or other of your value signed by the minister and charch-wardens of able Miscellany,

their respective parishes, that they never

Your's, &c. received the royal touch." 137,wSt. Martin's-lane. JAMES HIALI, Wiseman, serjeant-surgeon to Charles

II. gives, in a most reputable work on To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. surgery, a treatise on the king's evil

, in

which he speaks of the royal touch in the OBSERVY, NG September, ni eneolise

cellanyfor Septeniberan account a frequent eye-witness of many hundreds of the rare and beatiful inanuscripts of cures perforined by this majesty's of Esther Inglis in the Bodleian library, touch alone, wiihout the assistance of library of Christ Church, Oxford, and the chirurgery, iwd those many of them such British Museum, I think it may not be un- as had tired out the endeavours of able interesting to your readers to be informed chirurgeons before they came thither. that another is in my possession, compris. It were endless to relaie what I myself ing eighteen specimens in different hands have seen, and what I have received ac. of the Proverbs of Solomon, in Englisti, knowledgments of by lerier, not only deevrated with head-pieces, and entitled from the several parts of this nation, bus

I am,

SIR,

also from Ireland, Scotland, Jersey, and at the ceremony; and says, the words Germany." It was the office of Mr. used were · Le Roy te touche, Dieu ta Wiseinai, as serjeant-surgeon, to select guerisse.” , Every Frenchman received such adicted objects as were proper to

fifteery sous, and every foreigner thirty. be presented for the royal touch. In the To some of the supposed patients the history of the disease, when describing king said, Etes-vous malade aussi? its various states and appearances, , be This power of healing by the kings of says: “Those which we present to lis France, occasioned great resort to Franmajesty are chiefly such as have this sort cis 1.-while prisoner at Madrid, by the of tumour about the musculus mastoideus Spaniards, who had not such faith in the or oeck, with whatever circumstances etficacy of their own king's touch. they are accompanied; nor are we dif- It appears, by a proclamation of James ficult in adinitting the thick-chapped up. I. March 25, 1617, that the kings of per lips, and eyes aillicted with a lippi England would not permit any resort to tudo. In other cases we give our judye them for these miraculous cures in the ients more warily.” Serjeant-surgeon summer time. By another proclamation, Wiseinan says, elsewhere: “ In case of of the 18th of June, 1626, it is ordered the king's touch, the resolution doth often · that no one shall apply for this purpose, happen where our endeavours have sign who does not bring a proper certificate nified nothing; yea, the very gummata; that he has never been touched before ; insomuch that I am cautious in predict and the same, it has already been seen, ing concerning them, although ihey ay- were the lerms on which Queen Anne pear never so bad, until fourteen days be granted her royal touch. This regulation over."

undoubtedly must have arisen from some Sceptics deny their belief to miracles, supposed patients who had attempted to from their not being duly attested; but receive the bit of gold more than once. is it possible to desire a more satisfactory In a prayer-book printed in the year testiinony of these miraculous cures, 1708, is a form of the church-service than that of a man of science and respec. for the occasion of the royal touch. After tability, under whose immediate inspec- the Lord's Prayer, it is stated, “Then tion they were performed, and who has shall the infirm persons, one by one, be " himself been a frequent eye-witness of presented to the queen; and while the many hundreds of cures performed by queen is laying her hands upon them, his majesty's touch alone?"

and is putting the gold about their necks, The Ilonorable Daines Barrington, in the chaplain that officiates, turning himhis Observations on the more Ancient self to her majesty, shall say these words Statutes, inserts what he heard from an following: God give a blessing to this old man, a witness in a cause, with work! and grant that these sick persons regard to this miraculous power of heal. on whom the queen lays her hands may ing. The following are Judye Barrington's recover, through Jesus Christ our Lord! words:

---After some other prayers, the chaplain, “lle had, by his evidence, fixed the standing with his face towards them that time of a fact, by Queen Anne's having come to be healed, shall say: "The been ac Oxford, and touched him whilst Almighty God, who is a most strong a child for the evil. When he had fi. tower to all them that put their trust nished his evidence, I had an opportunity in him, to whom all things in heaven, in of asking him, Whether he was really earth, and under the earth, do bow and cured? Upon which he observed, with obey, be evermore your detence; and a significant smile, “that, he believed make you know and feel that there is himself never to have had a complaint none other name under heaven given to that deserved to be considered as the man, and throngh whom you may receive evil; but that his parents were poor, and health and salvation, but only the name had no oljection to the bit of gold.' of our Lord Jesus Christ ! Amen.'” " It seeins to me, that this piece of gold

Your's, &c. which was given to those who were September 12, 1809. J. BANNANTINE, touched, accounts for the great resort on this occasion, and the supposed after- To the Editor of the Alonthly Mugazine. wards miraculous cures.

TO an account of 1000 persons offering

Johnson, seems more worthy themselves to be cured of the evil by of cultivation than biography, since Louis XIV. on Easter Sunday, in the none can be more delightful or useful." year 1686. Gemelli limself was present This sentiment, together with the idea

that

1

SIR,

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