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130 Observations on a malignant Criticism on the Columbiad. (March 1, Thine be the joys that minds immortal Near and more near, the long-drawn coasts grace,

arise, As thine the deeds that bless a kindred race. Bays stretch their arms, and mountains list Now raise thy sorrowed soul to views more

the skies ; bright,

The lakes high-mounded point the streams The vision'd ages rusbing on thy sight : Worlds, beyond worlds, shall bring to light Slopes, ridges, plains, their spreading skirts their stores,

display, Time, nacure, science, blend their utmost The vales branch forth, high walk the appowers;

proaching groves, To show, concentred in one blaze of fame, And all the majesty of Nature moves." Th' ungatheid glories that await chy

Ilesper, by the exertion of his super

nal power, presents to the eyes of CoAs that great seer, whose animating rod Taught Jucob's sons their wonder-working sified extent of the northern and southern

lumbus the whole of the vast and diver. God, Who led through dreary wastes the murmur. regions of America, which are depicted ing band,

through the inedium of her guardian deity, And reached the confines of the Promised with an ir.comparable felicity and grane Land;

deur of poetic expression. I would seOpprest with years, from Pisgah's towering lect the descriptions of the Lakes Erie height,

and Superior, the rivers Maragnon, LauOn fruitful Canaan feasted long his sight; rence, and Missisippi, as the most resplenThe bliss of unborn nations warm'd his dent instances of the facility and giganbreast,

tic energies of Mr. Barlow's muse. Repaid his toils, and so th'd his soul to rest :

his delineation of those noble streams, I hus o'er thy subject wave shalt thou be there is a bold avd surging tide of verse, hold

strongly iinitative of the swelling waves Far happier realms their future charms un

and resistless current of the ocean, like fold; In nobler pomp another Pisgah rise,

riyers of the New World, and which will Beneath whose foot thy new-found Canaan not suffer in competition with the subli. lies,

mest efforts of any poet with whom we There, rapt in vision, hail my favourite are acquainted (not excepting Milton) clime,

from the remotest ages of antiquity to And taste the blessings of remotest tine."

the present period: its length will not He ascends with Columbus to an emis admit of insertion; but in the ensuing panence above the loftiest of the Pyren- shall indulge myself in the transcription

pers upon this beautiful production, I nees; and the Mount of vision is pour of such passages as appear to form traved with the most expansive and mage conspicuous features in the general plan nificent efforts of poetical description :

In the mean time, the " Led by the Power, the hero gained the apostrophe from the illustrious Drake, and height,

the rapturous address of Columbus to New strength and brilliance flush'd his mortal Hesper, in which, prompted by a burst sight,

of enthusiasm on the view of the straits When calm before them Rowed the western of Magellan, and recalling to memory bis main,

long and tundly-cherished idea of the Far stretched, immense, a sky.encircled existence of a western passage to the plain :

shores of India, he beseeches Hesperto reNo sail, no isle, no cloud, invests the

store the vigour of his youth, and shelter bound,

bin from the raye of tyranny, in some Nor billowy surge disturbs the vast pro- of the delightful and yet undiscovered

found; Till, deep in distant heavens, the sun's blue countries of the new continent, are too

interesting not to claim the immediate ray Topt unknown cliffs, and called them

up to
atiention of


readers. day i

“ Where the cold circles gird the southern Slow glinniering into sight, wide regions


- Brave Magellan's wild channel caught bis And soe and brightend to the expanding

eye ; view;

The long cleft-ridges walled the spreading Fair sweep ihe waves, the lessening ocean

way, smiles

That cleains far westward to an unknown lo misty radiance loom a thousand isles


of the poem.


ened eye,


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Soon as the distant swell was seen to roll, With these observations and selec
Warm ancient wishes reabsorbid his soul; tions, I shall close the analysis of the first
Warm from his heaving heart a sudden sigh book.

Your's, &c.
Burst through his lips; he turned his moist-


Queen Ann Street West,
And thus besought his angel: Speak, my Cuvendish Square.

Where leads yon pass ? and what yon purple
tide ?

To the Editor of the Alunthly Magazine.
How the dim waves in blending ether stray !

No lands behind them, no pinions on them,

WHERE are few instruments of greater
There spreads, belike, that other unsail'd

sliding rules, for calculations of all kinds, I sought so long, and sought, alas! in vain, and particularly such as daily occur to alTo gird this wat’ry globe, and bring to light most every individual, engaged either in Old India's coast, and regions wrape in business or study. This induces me to offer night.

to the readers of your Magazine, a 'mode of
Restore, celestial friend, my youthful morn, expressing the universal formula for using
Call back my years, and let my fame return; this instrument, which for several years
Grant me to trace beyond that pathless sea,
Some happier shore' from lust of empire to be misunderstood by any person who

I have practised, and found impossible
To find in that fair world a peaceful bower,

is in the least degree acquainted with the

first rules of arit:metic.
From envy safe, and curst Ovando's power ;
Earth's happiest realms let not their distance

Considering the accuracy and great exhide,

pedition of these calculations, I am much Nor seas for ever roll their useless tide; surprised that they are not more freFor nations yet unborn, that wait thy time, quently employed, and can only account Demand their seats in that secluded clime; for it from the supposed difficulty in learn. Ah! grant me still, their passage to prepare, ing the method of using the rule. It canOne venturous bark, and be my life thy not be denied, by those who have tried

to calculate by the directions commonly So prayed the hero-Hesper mild re• given, that a good degree of perseverance plies,

is requisite to follow them; whereas Divine compassion softening in his eyes : nothing is more easy when shown upon Tho'still to virtuous deeds thy mind aspires, the rule irself. And these glad visions kindle new desires ; The inethod then which I practise is, Yet hear with reverence what attends thy to represent in a simple manner, a picture state,

of those lines upon the rule (or their re-. Nor wish to pass the eternal bounds of fate. lative position) which are inmediately Led by this sacred light, thou soon shalt

concerned in the operation, with the resee, That half mankind shall owe their seats to spective figures and quantities belonging

to the question : and this is a tolerably Freedom's first empire claim its promis'd good substiture for the actual rule. birth,

The only difficulty remaiving to a perIn these rich rounds of sea-encircled earth. son not at present acquainted with the Let other years, by thine example prest, use of the slide-rule is, learning to read the Call forth their heroes to explore the rest. divisions upon the diferent lines of the But lo! the chief, bright Albion bids him rule; and which may be very soou suse rise,

mounted by any person that will take the Speed in his pinions, ardour in his eyes,

trouble to look at a common slide-rule. Hither, o Drake ! display thy hastening In general there are four divided lines sails :

upon the common rules, two upon the Widen, ye passes; and auake, ye gales : stock and two upon the slide ; and for March thou before him, Heaven-re volving distinguishing them they are marked at sun,

the end with the letters A, B, C, D, Wind his long course, and teach him where to

I shall presume that the learner is able run; Earth's distant shores, in cirding bands unite; be learnt by alınost all the cominon trea

to read the divisions; for if not, they may Linds, learn your fame, and oceans, roil in light;

tises on that instrument. Round all the watery gløe his fag be

It remains only to exhibit a few for. hurl'd,

mulæ, with examples, to make the sub. A new Columbus to the astonish'd world.” ject plain.




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192 Mr. Wright on his New Theory of Inflexion. [March 1,




Universal Multiplication.

Formula. 1

Multiplier B 32

160 Ausr. А Eram. Mult, 32 by 5







8 Ansr.


A Erum, Divide 32 by 4



First Term

Third Term A
I'roportion, or
Rule of Three.

Second Term

Fourth Term B Erumple. 112

А If 11216. cost 8s, what will 421b. cost?


35. Ansr. B Wishing to allow the subject to appear abundance of theorem for the elementary to be simple, as it really is, I will not at enquirer: and though, in our progress, this time create any aların by introdu- an infinite variety of objects may appear, cing cases in the higher paits of arith- which the limited faculties of man can anetic; but should this introduction prove never hope to reach or comprehend, acceptable, I will furnish you with a persevering industry on our part will so number of highly-useful formulæ, suited improve the stock of knowledge which to the particular practice of various class- we have already in our possession, that es, such as retailers of goods of all de rational study will be most amply repaid. scriptions, meclianics and artizans in The principle which we have already 'most branches, mercbants and clerks in laid down, on the theory of inflexion, public offices, engineers civil and mili- appears to coincide with the opinions of

the niost scientific, who have written on Your's, &c.

the philosophy of music. In the Avgus. Leighton,

B. BEVAN. tan age, that great era of classical puJanuary 21, 1810.

rity and elegance, it was supposed, that

the speaking voice of man was limited For. The Monthly Magazine. in compass; and Dionysius of HalicarnasMR. WRIGIT'S NEW

sus insinuated, that the distance of three

notes and a half, above and, below the (Continued from p. 40.)

key-note, comprised the specific tones of

every passion that could possibly agitate the proportions and differences have not controverted this opinion ; but of the lengths of vibrations, and of their it is presumed, ibat the proofs which acuteness or gravity of sound, afford an. were advanced in our last essay, agreeinteresting field for the speculative en- ing exactly with the demonstrations of quiry of students in elocution. We are

the measures of musical phenomena, wormed by those who have written on clearly confute the idea.-'But to pro. the fundamental principle, or acoustical ceed. Having noticed the musical sound branch of inusic, that reason for the

or monotone, and also spoken of the causes of harmony, is ascertained by the rising and the falling inflexion, it remains just mode of explaining consonancy, as for us next to consider two other modi. the coincidence of vibration in separate fications of voice, called circumflexes. bodies producing undulations in the air

A late write states, that “the Scotch in certain due proportions to cach other. pronounce the far greater part of their We are also given to understand, that words with the acute accent, or rising what is evident to sense, in the effect on inflexion : aid the Irish as constantly the medium (air,) by agitation of a pake use of the grave accent, or failing vibratory string or monochord, is equally inflexion."* The following he adduces discernible in the motions of all other as proofs. bodies wbich giie a tuneable sound. But there still remains in this pursuit, Walkers Elements of Elocution, p. 188


tary, &c. &c.

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Scotch.- Ex'ercise and temperance strengthen Walker, will be found to be the union of the constitution.

inflexions at contrary terminations, called Irisb.Exercise and cèmperance strengthen the rising and falling circumflexes. When, the constitution.

on the same syllable, the concluding part With considerable reluctance, I dissent of the falling inflexion unites with the from the authority of so distinguished a cominencing part of the rising inflexion, professor; bat I'am inclined to think, and vice versá, they are termed circumthat after more accurate investigation, flexes. They descend and ascend by the voices spoken of by the late Mr. musical fifths:

falling circumflex

1st. example 32

rising circumflex

falling circumflex

2d. example 3:

rising circumflex The student will take notice of the propriety of distinguishing these turns of This form of phraseology may be consi

innocency of thy pâst life saved thee." voice, by the names affixed to the exain- dered peculiarly characteristic of the ples. The circumflex A in the first ex- Scottish people; and if, in the foregoing ample, falls a fifth, and, in returning, the example, the words “ doubt, absolved, voice does not ascend above the key modesty, innocency, past, and saved," note: and, vice versá, the circumflex B

were marked the same as the rest of the in the same example, rises a fifth, and,

accented words, viz, with the falling cir. in returning, it does not descend below cumflex instead of the rising circumflex, the key-note. To forin the cadence, the

we should then have an instance of the circumflexes must be reversed, as in the turn of voice in their pronunciation. second exanple. Our initial proposition is somewhat of voice in the Irish pronunciation :

The following is an instance of the turn supported by two observations in the

“ Good môrrow my pretty fellow; upon learned work of the Rev. James Adams. my word thou hast acquîtted thyself very Speaking of the dialect of the Scots, he båndsonely." Better pronounced thus: says, every word has some peculiar “Good môrrow my pretty fellow; thou twang, or twist, discordant with received classical English sounds." “ The Irish

hast acquitted thyself very handsomely.” English,” the same gentleman observes, By the circumflex, the contrary is under

stood. "may be said to be chiefly confined to

The circumflex is also made use of in the singular tone, or false rise and fall of voice, approaching to the note of re

the pronunciation of certain words, in strained interrogation.”

that class of rhetorical figures which These peculiar turns of voice are given

serves to embellish the arguinentation. to the pronunciation of certain words in In the concession at the end of Pope's oblique phraseology, wherein more is Ode on St. Cecilia's Day, the fallunderstood than the inere words seem to ing circumflex on the word hell is a stris express. Tropes of this class convey of the modification of sound, when used

king instance of the strength and beauty their meaning either by the known acceptation of the nature of the

in a proper manner :

persons or things to which they are applieil, by Her's litt the soul to heaven.”

" His numbers rais'd a shade from hell: the mode of pronunciation, or by eduction from the context. If the following series be pronounced according to the inarked words, and accompanied with a The passages which I have quoted in sneering smile, the student will discern illustration of this position appear conmore satisfactorily the true nature of cir- vincing; and I Maiter myself, that, from cumflexes. “ Tliere is no doûbt of it; the quickness of choog!ı, and the accuziny integrity gót thee absolved; thy mô. racy Ut discernment, which sich' class of desty drew thee out of dánger; and the tropes and figures are found to contain,

and 134

Aromatic Vinegar-Cotteswold Sheep. [March 1, and the peculiarturns of voice they neces. To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. sarily require in the pronunciation, they SIR, will be considered by better judges than IN an extract which I lately read from mysit, brighly character:-ic of the hu- Fischer's “ Picture of Valencia," I nour and teinper of the Irisi and Scot- observed an account of a remedy for that tisha kations. Your's, &c.

most dreadful of huinan maladies, the

JAMES WRIGHT. hydrophobia; which onght to be more 33, Bedford-street,

generally known, as it never failed of Copeut-garden.

producing the desired effect when admis (To be continued.)

nistered in time. It is composed of seaErrata in cur last. --Atp. 30, cul. 1, 1.30, holly,viper's bugloss, and Cretan balm. The for “ teeth, lips, nostrils,” &c. resd, "teeth, plants are taken when they are beginning, tongue, lips," &c. ; line 43, for “ cartilages

to run to seed, and bung in the shade acted by the muscles," read, “ cartilages be till all their bumidity is evaporated. On acted upon by the muscles."

this each is separately pounded, the pow. To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. in equal parts, and put away in well

der is passed through a hair sieve, mixed SIR,

corked bottles. It is to be observedl, I

AM disposed to think that the pro- that none of the roots must be employed,

cess for preparing aromatic vinegars, except those of the sea-hwily, which posrecommended by Mr.

in one of your

sess very great strength. late Magazines, is not so cheap nor so effective a method as the author has stated. book, I may not be as satisfactory on this

As I do not possess Mr. Fischer's If baik be adried to common vinegar, point as your readers may wish; but some in small quavtities, taking care to stir the of your correspondents will, I trust, supvinegar upon every addition, and 10 ply all the necessary information, and movie chak be employed than is just suf- enumerate some of the many cures pere ficient to destroy the acidity of the vine- formed by this simple remedy. gar, biule or no sediment will be formed,

Your's, &c. A. chalk being for the most part readily soJubte in this aciit. The white matter, To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. therefore, that is found in the liquor prepared according to Nr. I-'s process, SIR, can only be the chalk that has been


OOKING a few days ago, by way of Adiled in excess, or that was more than ainusement, into John Stowe's Chrositticient to destroy the acidity of the nicle, Edinburgh, 1573, year 1461, I was vinegar. If this white matter, by being much struck with the following, which I treated with oil of vitriol, is found to now literally copy: afförd aromatic vinegar, the vinegar can Shepe transported into Spain.—This. he produced from the small quantity of yere King Edward gave a licence to pas acetate of lime only, left in it after the over certein Cotteswolde shepe into sapernatant liquor has been decanted; Spain, by reason whereof, it has come to for if this sediment be well washed, it will pass, at this day, that the staple of be found to consist of mere chalk, and wolls, of Spain, kept at Brydges, in with sulphuric, to afford nothing but can Flanders, is so great that our staple is bonic acid. The decanted liquor, so far nothing comparable to it." from being “insipid," possesses a very From which it appears, that the wool marked taste, leaving a very unpleasant which we have for centuries importech sensation of bitterness in the mouth. from Spain, and upon which our finest

The usual method of purifying rooms, fabrics of woollen are manufactured, is with a mixture of commun salt, oil of the produce of sheep originally bred in vitriol, and manganese, is not only our own country. cheaper but more expeditious, and bet. It appears to me, therefore, worthy of ter calculated to produce the required enquiry, whether the Cotteswold brced effect, than the process recommended hy has degenerated, and from what cause Mr. I- The fuines of muriatic acid whether the breed of 1464 is extinctare more elastic, and more readily diffuse how it was improved in Spain, and still thiemselves, than vinegar in the state of holds its value above British wool, in vapor; besides, they are more active in countries whose agricultural improve destroying the principle of contagion. ments have not kept pace with ours; and Brisiol. Your's, &c.

how far it is possible to produce the fiE. T. I. nest wool in this country, without the


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