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grace,

their way,

name:

fold;

Thine be the joys that minds immortal Near and more near, the long-drawn coasto

arise, As thine the deeds that bless a kindred race, Bays stretch their arms, and mountains lift Now raise thy sorrowed soul to views more

the skies;
bright,

The lakes high-mounded point the streams
The vision d ages rushing on thy sight :
Worlds, beyond worlds, shall bring to light Slopes, ridges, plains, their spreading skirts
their stores,

display,
Time, nature, science, blend their utmost The vales branch forth, high walk the ap-
powers;

proaching groves, To show, concentred in one blaze of fame, And all the majesty of Nature moves." Th', ungather'd glories that await thy

Ilesper, by the exertion of his super

nal power, presents to the eyes of CoAs that great seer, whose animating rod Taught Jacob's sons their wonder-working sified extent of the northern and southern

lumbus the whole of the vast and diverGod, Who led through dreary wastes the murmur. regions of America, which are depicted ing band,

through the inedium of her guardian deity, And reached the confines of the Promised with an is.comparable felicity and gran. Land;

deur of poetic expression. I would se. Opprest with years, from Pisgah's towering lect the descriptions of the Lakes Erie height,

and Superior, the rivers Maragnon, LauOn fruitful Canaan feasted long his sight; rence, and Missisippi, as the most resplenThe bliss of unborn nations warm'd his dent instances of the facility and giganbreast,

tic energies of Mr. Barlow's muse. In Repaid his toils, and sooth'd his soul to rest :

his delineation of those noble streams, 1 hus o'er thy subject wave shalt thou be there is a bold and surging tide of verse, hold

strongly iipitative of the swelling waves Far happier realms their future charms un.

and resistless current of the ocean, like In nobler pomp another Pisgah rise,

riyers of the New World, and which will Beneath whose foot thy new-found Canaan not suffer in competition with the subli. lies,

mest efforts of any poet with whom we There, rapt in vision, hail my favourite are acquainted (not excepting Milton,) clime,

from the remotest ages of antiquity to And taste the blessings of remotest einie."

the present period: its length will not He ascends with Columbus to an emis admit of insertion; but in the ensuing panence above the lottiest of the Pyren- shall indulge myself in the transcription

pers upon this beautiful production, i nees; and the Mount of Vision is pour. of such passages as appear to form traved with the most expansive and mag. conspicuous features in the general plan niticent efforts of poetical description :

In the mean time, the " Led by the Power, the hero gained the apostrophe from the illustrious Drake, and height,

the rapturous address of Columbus to New strength and brilliance fush'd his mortal Hesper, in which, prompted hy a burst sight,

of enthusiasm on the view of the straits When calm before them flowed the western of Magellan, and recalling to memory bis main,

long and fondly-cherished idea of the Far stretched, immense, a sky.encircled existence of a western passage to the plain :

shores of India, he beseeches Hesperto reNo sail, no isle, no cloud, invests the

store the vigour of his youth, and shelter bound, Nor billowy surge disturbs the vast pro- of the delightful and yet undiscovered

biin from the rage of tyranny, in some found; Till, deep in distant heavens, the sun's blue countries of the new continent, are too

interesting not to claim the immediate ray Topt unknown cliffs, and called them up to attention of your readers. day ;

“Where the cold circles gird' the southern Slow gliingering into sight, wide regions

sky, crew,

- Brave Magellan's wild channel caught his And rose and brightend to the expanding

eye ; view;

The long cleft-ridges walled the spreading Fair sweep the waves, the lesseniag ocean

way, smiles

That gleams fas wont ward to an unknown to misty radiaoce loom a thousand jalesa

Soon

of the poem.

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SIR,

play.

T

free;

1810.

Soon as the distant swell was seen to roll,

With these observations and selec Warm ancient wishes reabsorbid his soul; tións, I shall close the analysis of the first Warm from his heaving heart a sudden sigh book.

Your's, &c. Burst through his lips; he turned his moist

G. F. BUSBY. eded eye,

Queen Ann Street West, And thus besought his angel: Speak, my Curendish Squure.

guide,
Where leads yon pass! and what yon purple
rid?

To lhe Editor of the Alunthly Magazine.
How the dim waves in blending ether stray !
No lands behind them rise, no pinions on them,

THERE are few instruments of greater There spreads, belike, that other unsail'd practical utility than the common main

sliding rules, for calculations of all kinds, I sought so long, and sought, alas ! in vain, and particularly such as daily occur to alTo gird this wat’ry globe, and bring to light most every individual, engaged either in Old Iodia's coast, and regions wrapt in business or study. This induces me to offer night.

to the readers of your Magazine, a mode of Restore, celestial friend, my youthful morn, expressing the universal formula for using Call back my years, and let my fame return; this instrument, which for several years Grant me to trace beyond that path less sea, I have practised, and found impossible Some happier shore' from lust of empire to be misunderstood by any person who

is in the least degree acquainted with the To find in that fair world a peaceful bower,

first rules of arithmetic. From envy safe, and curst Ovando's power ; Earth's happiest realms let not their distance

Considering the accuracy and great ex. hide,

pedition of these calculations, I am much Nor seas for ever roll their useless tide; surprised that they are not more freFor nations yet unborn, that wait thy time, quently employed, and can only account Demand their seats in that secluded clime ; for it from the supposed difficulty in learn. Ah! grant me still, their passage to prepare, ing the method of using the rule. It cair. One venturous bark, and be my life thy not be denied, by those who have tried

to calculate by the directions commonly So prayed the hero-Hesper mild re- given, that a good degree of perseverance plies,

is requisite to follow them; whereas Divine compassion softening in his eyes: nothing is more easy when shown upon Tho' still to virtuous deeds thy mind aspires, the rule itself. And these glad visions kindle new desires ; The inethod then which I practise is, Yet hear with reverence what attends thy to represent in a simple spanner, a picture state,

of those lines upon the rule (or their res. Nor wish to pass the eternal bounds of fate. lative position) which are inmediately Led by this sacred light, thou soon shalt

concerned in the operation, with the resee, That bali mankind shall ove their seats to spective figures and quantities belonging thee;

to the question : and this is a tolerably Freedom's first empire claim its promis'd good substitute for the actual rule. birth,

The only difficulty remawing to a perIn these rich' rounds of sta-encircled eartb. son not at present acquainted with the Let other years,' by thine example press, use of the slide-rule is, learning to read the Call forth their heroes to explore the rest. divisions upon the different lines of the But lo! the chief, bright Albion bids him rule; and which may be very soon sur. rise,

mounted by any person that will take the Speed in his pinions, ardour in his eyes,

trouble to look at a common slide-rule. Hither, o Drake ! display thy hastening In general there are four divided lines sails :

upon the common rules, two upon the Widen, ye passes; and awake, ye gales : stock and two upon the slide ; and for March thou before bim, Heaven-Te volving distinguishing them they are marked at

the end will the letters A, B, C, D. Wind his long course, and teach him where to

I shall presume that the learner is able run; Earth's distant shores, in cirding bands unite; be learnt by alınost all the common trea

to read the divisions; for if not, they may Lands, learn your fame, and oceans, roil in light;

tises on that instruirent. Round all the watery glde his Aag be

It repnits only lo exhibit a few for. hurlid,

muiæ, with examples, to make the subo A new Colombus to the astongh'd world.” ject plain.

Multiplication

care.

sun,

1

Multiplicand

Product

A

Universal Mahiplication.

Formula. 1

Multiplier B 32

160 Ausr. A Eram. Mult. 32 by 5

1

5

B
Quotient

Dividend

A
Division.

1
Divisor

B
8 Ansr.

32

A
Erum. Divide 32
by 4
1

B
First Term

Third Term A
I'roportion, or
Rule of Three.

Second Term

Fourth Term B Erumple.

112

42

A Jf 11216. cost 8s. what will 421b. cost?

8

35. Ansr. B Wisling to allow the subject to appear abundance of theorem for the elementary to be simple, as it really is, I will not at enquirer : and though, in our progress, this time create any aların by introdu an infinite variety of objects may appear, cing cases in the biglier paits of arith, which the limited faculties of man can metic; but should this introduction prove never hope to reach or comprehend, acceptable, I will furnish you with a persevering industry on our part will so number of highly-useful formulæ, suited improve the stock of knowledge which to the particular practice of various class, we have already in our possession, that es, such as retailers of goods of all de- rational study will be most amply repaid. scriptions, mechanics and artizans in The principle which we have already 'most branches, merchants and clerks in laid down, on the theory of inflexion, public offices, engineers civil and mili- appears to coincide with the opinions of tary, &c. &c.

the most scientific, who have written on Your's, &c. the philosophy of music. In the Augus. Leighton,

B. BEVAN. tan age, that great era of classical poJanuary 21, 1810.

rity and elegance, it was supposed, that

the speaking voice of man was limited For the Monthly Magazine. in compass; and Dionysius of HalicarnasMR. WRIGHT'S NEW

sus insinuated, that the distance of three

notes and a half, above and, below thie (Continued from p. 40.)

key-note, comprised the specific tones of

every passion that could possibly agitate ATHEMATICAL calculations of the human mind, I believe the moderns M

the proportions and differences have not controverted this opinion ; but of the lengths of vibrations, and of their it is presumed, hat the proofs which acuteness or gravity of sound, afford an were advanced in our last essay, agreeinteresting field for the speculative en- ing exactly with the demonstrations of quiry of students in elocution. We are the measures of musical phænomena, intornice by those who have written on clearly confute the idea.-—But to pro. the fundamental principle, or acoustical ceed. llaving noticed the musical sound branch of inusic, that reason for the

or monotone, and also spoken of the causes of harmony, is ascertained by the rising and the falling inflexion, it remains just inode of explaining consonancy, as for us next to consider two other modi. the coincidence of vibration in separate fications of voice, called circumflexes. bodies producing undulations in the air

A late write states, that “the Scotch in certain due proportions to cach other. pronounce the far greater part of their We are also given to understand, that words with tie acute accent, or rising wiiat is evident to sense, in the effect on inflexion : aid the Irish as constantly the medium (air,) by the agitation of a znake use of the grave accent, or falling viliratory string or monochord, is equally inflexion."* The following he adduces discernible in the motions of all other as proofs. bodies wbich give a tuneable sound. But there still remains in this pursuit, * Walkers Elements of Elocution, p. 188

Scotch.

TII EORY OP
INFLEXION.

Scotch.- Ex'ercise and temperance strengthen Walker, will be found to be the union of the constitution.

inflexions at contrary terminations, called Irisb.Exercise and cèmperance strengthen the rising and falling circumflexes. When, the constitution.

on the same syllable, the concluding part With considerable reluctance, I dissent of the falling inflexion unites with the from the authority of so distinguished a cominencing part of the rising inflexion, professor; bat I'am inclined to think, and vice versá, they are termed circumthat after more accurate investigation, flexes. They descend and ascend by the voices spoken of by the late Mr. musical fifths:

falling circumflex

1st, example :

rising circumflex

falling circumflex

2d. example 3:

rising circumflex The student will take notice of the propriety of distinguishing these turns of This form of phraseology may be consi

innocency of thy pâst life saved thee." voice, by the names affixed to the exain- dered peculiarly characteristic of the ples. The circumflex A in the first ex- Scottish people; and if, in the foregoing ample, falls a fifth, and, in returning, the example, the words “ doubt, absolved, voice does not ascend above the key modesty, innocency, past, and saved," note: and, vice versá, the circumflex B

were marked the same as the rest of the in the same example, rises a fifth, and,

accented words, viz, with the falling cir. in returning, it does not descend below cumflex instead of the rising circumflex, the key-note. To forin the cadence, the

we should then have an instance of the circumflexes must be reversed, as in the turn of voice in their pronunciation. second exanple. Our initial proposition is somewhat of voice in the Irish pronunciation :

The following is an instance of the turn supported by two observations in the

“ Good môrrow my pretty fellow; upon learned work of the Rev. James Adams. my word thou hast acquîtted thyself very Speaking of the dialect of the Scots, he båndsonely." Better pronounced thus: says, every word has some peculiar “Good môrrow my pretty fellow; thou twang, or twist, discordant with received classical English sounds." “ The Irish

hast acquitted thyself very handsomely.” English,” the same gentleman observes, By the circumflex, the contrary is under

stood. "may be said to be chiefly confined to

The circumflex is also made use of in the singular tone, or false rise and fall of voice, approaching to the note of re

the pronunciation of certain words, in strained interrogation.”

that class of rhetorical figures which These peculiar turns of voice are given

serves to embellish the arguinentation. to the pronunciation of certain words in In the concession at the end of Pope's oblique phraseology, wherein more is Ode on St. Cecilia's Day, the fallunderstood than the inere words seem to ing circumflex on the word hell is a stris express. Tropes of this class convey of the modification of sound, when used

king instance of the strength and beauty their meaning either by the known acceptation of the nature of the

in a proper manner :

persons or things to which they are applieil, by Her's litt the soul to heaven.”

" His numbers rais'd a shade from hell: the mode of pronunciation, or by eduction from the context. If the following series be pronounced according to the inarked words, and accompanied with a The passages which I have quoted in sneering smile, the student will discern illustration of this position appear conmore satisfactorily the true nature of cir- vincing; and I Maiter myself, that, from cumflexes. “ Tliere is no doûbt of it; the quickness of choog!ı, and the accuziny integrity gót thee absolved; thy mô. racy Ut discernment, which sich' class of desty drew thee out of dánger; and the tropes and figures are found to contain,

and

and the peculiar turns of voice they neces. To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. .
sarily require in the pronunciation, they SIR,
will be considered by better judges than

IN

[N au extract which I lately read from myscit, bigbly characteristic of the hue Fischer's "' Picture of Valencia," I mour and temper of the Irishi and Scoto observed an account of a remedy for ihat Iish nations. Your's, &c.

most dreadful of buinan maladies, the

JAMES WRIGHT. hydrophobia; which onghe to be more 33, Bedforid-street,

generally known, as it never failed of Covent-garden.

producing the desired effect when admi. (To be continued.)

nistered in time. It is composed of seaErrata in cur last -At p. 30, cul. 1, 1. 30, Jolly,viper's bugloss, and Cretan balm. The for " teeth, lips, nostrils," &c. resd,“ teeth, plants are taken when they are beginning tongue, l'ps," &c.; line 43, for “cartilages in run to seed, and hung in the shade acted by the muscles,” read, “ cartilages be till all their bumidity is evaporated. On acted upon by the muscles.”

this each is separately pounded, the pow. To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. in equal parts, and put away in well

der is passed through a hair sieve, mixed SIP

corked bottles. It is to be observeil, I

AM disposed to think that the pro- that none of the roots must be employed,

cess for preparing aromatic vinegars, except those of the sea-hoily, which posrecon mended by Mr. in one of your

sess very great strength. late Magazines, is not so cheap sor so effective a method as the author has stated. book, I may not be as satisfactory on this

As I do not possess Mr. Fischer's Ir valk be adried to common vinegar, point as your readers may wish; but some in small quavtities, taking care to stir the of your correspondents will

, I trust, sup, vinegar upon every addition, and m. ply all the necessary information, and misie chutk be employed than is just suf- enumerate some of the muy cures perficient to destroy the acidity of the vine- formed by this siinple remedy. gar, luule or no sediment will be formed,

Your's, &c. A. chalk bcng for the most part readily soJubte in this acit. The white matter, To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. therefore, that is found in the liquor prepared according to Nr. I-'s process,

SIR, can only be the chalk that has been OOKING a few days ago, by way of acted in excess, or that was more than ainusement, into John Stowe's Chrosuiticient to destroy the acidity of the nicle, Edinburgh, 1579, year 1461, I w

I was vinegar. If this white matter, by being much struck with the following, which I treated with oil of vitriol, is found to now literally copy : afförd aromatic vinegar, the vinegar can Shepe transported into Spain. This De produced from the small quantity of yere King Edward gave a licence to pas acetate of Irine only, left in it after the over certein Cotteswolde shepe into supernatant liquor has been decanted; Spain, by reason whereof, it has come to for if this sediment be well washed, it will pass, at this day, that the staple of be found to consist of mere chalk, and wolls, of Spain, kept at Brydges, in with sulphuric, to atford inothing but car Flanders, is so great that our staple is bonic acid. The decanted liquor, so far nothing comparable to it." from being “insipid," possesses a very From which it appears, that the wool marked taste, leaving a very unpleasant which we have for centuries importet sensation of bitterness in the mouth. from Spain, and upon which our finest

The usual method of purifying rooms, fabrics of woollen are manufactured, is with a mixture of common salt, oil of the produce of sheep originally bred in vitriol, and manganese, is not only our own country. cheaper but more expeditious, and bet. It appears to me, therefore, worthy of ter calculated to produce the required enquiry, whether the Cotteswold brced effect, than the process recommended hy has degenerated, and from what cause Mr. I- The fuincs of muriatic acid whether the breed of 1464 is extinct are more elastic, and more readily diffuse how it was improved in Spain, and seill themselves, than vinegar in the state of holds its value bove British wool, in vapor; besides, they are more active in countries whose agricultural improve. destroving the principle of contagion. Wents have not kept pace with ours; and Bristol. Your's, &c.

how far it is possible to produce the fiE. T. I. nest wool in this country, without the

importation

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