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110 Grease on Paper.-Black Lead.-Permanent Ink. [March 1, had exhibited the effects of a stream of To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. candle-grease and snuff for more than

SIR, twelve months':

VIROUGH the mediumn of your


gazine, quantity of which may be easily deter- some of your numerous readers, with the inined in making ile experiment; lay best method of preparing the composition thereon the shieet or leaf, and cover the which is now used for varnishing coloured spăt in like manner with the clay. Co- drawings and prints, so as to muke them ver the whole with a sheet of paper; and resemble paintings in oil. apply, for a few sccouds, a heated iron- At the same time I offer to their notice ing-box, or any substilute adopted by a receipt to make permanent ink for laundresses. On using Indian rubber to marking linen, &c. which, though not so rcmpove the dust taken up by the grease, convenient as may be wished, is better the paper will be found restored to its adapted to that purpose than any other I 'original degree of whiteness and opacity. have yet become acquainted with. I Bristol Mercury Office,

speak from experience, baving ibarked my Scpl. 1+, 1809. Your's, &c. shirts and handkerchiel's with it for some

J. Evans. years; and though I clain no merit for P. S. Your correspondent C. in the next

the discovery (having gleaned it from a page of the same Number, I presume may be periodical work which I do not at present Jully satisfied upon the subject of Mr. Tho- recollect), I may take to myself credit for mas Moore's assertion respecting General an improvement in substituting a tincture Washington, by referring to the works of of galls for pure water, which I never saw Peter Porcupine in America.

mentioned hy any other person.

Take of lunar caustic, (now called ar. To the Edilor of the Alonthly Magazine. gentum nitratum) one dram; weak solu. SIR,

tion (or perhaps more correctly speaking FOUR correspondent E. M. who en- tincture) of galls, two drams: the cloth is

quires after some wash for preserving to be first wetted with the following liquid, drawings made with a black-lead pencil, viz. salt of tartar, one ounce; water, one may be informed, that a this wash of ounce and a half; and inust be perfectly isinglass will fix either black-lead, or hard dry before any attempt is made to write black chaili, so as to prevent their rubbing upon it. out; or that the same effect may be pro- The materials are not expensive, and duced by the simple application of skim- may be purchased at any druggist's shop. med unik, as I have found by frequent Liverpool,

Your's, &c. . trials. The best way of using the latter,, October 9, 1809.

W. WEENE. is, to lay the drawing flat upon the surface of the nik; and then, taking it up expe. To the Editor of the Monthly, Magazine, ditwusly, to haug it by one corner till it drains and dries. The milk, must be per

SIR, fecily free from cream, or it will grease I they aiford me entertainment in a

am a great reader of novels, and, as Having answered one enquiry, I shall way rather different from the usual, I now take the liberty of proposing another, beg to communicate my observations. of a very opposite nature. E, N, wishes The ladies, I observe, are often downto fix black-lead; and I wish, on the other right parsons. Cecilia and Evelina both band, to he informerl of some cheaper preach and lecture; and, what is worse, material than black-lead, which may be not with the pretty lisp of Miss Byron. effaced as completely with Indian rubber, As for Clarissa, she is a school-inistress ; and with as little injury to the paper, or at least, has an old head upon young I do not, however, require it to be in a shoulders. The only natural elegant girl solid form; as any dark.coloureu mavier I know, is Sarr's Lady Emily; but neiin a liquid vehicle would answer equally ther he nor any of the rest give us any well, or even better, provided they were hoydens. No, no, there is no munching thoroughly incorporated, so as to flow with of apples, and have a bite;" po bagging a free and equal tint from a pen. Much of beds; no half-bawling whisper of laudable pains have been taken to pro- “ Dont tell ma';" no rattling down stairs, duce an indelible ink; but a good and and pushing each otber forward ; no skipcheap delible ink would, to my conception, ping into the room. Their girls in general be found a useful article on many occasions. are not littering things; their heads full Milford, South Wales, Your's, &c. of nonsense; and Pa's and Ma's werer September 24, 1809.

R. R. have the bead-ache through their intoler

the paper.

room, &c.

able noise, or are teazed with their sule hear, would be that a hlood-vessel had kiness.

burst, and that the doctor was sent for: In the description of beauty, I find no, no such thing; they fly, they rush too, that the girls are all fair; all shoulder- into cach other's arms; yes, they do, and of-mutton complexions, and dead-fish I have been told, that the concussion of eyes. They cut the fine majestic brunette, their two noddles, which sometimes inost No lark-heels are particularized; no no. unfortunately clash through this violent tice is taken of the physiological fact, and dangerous gesture, has produced that the nympli-like form scarcely lasts raptures indeed, but not of the inost but from seventeen to twenty-two, aod graceful kind, such as hopping about the that afterwards the shoulders begin to square, and the haunches to be promi- In their lovers there is no inconstannient and mountainous ; nor is it noted, cy; there are no Inkles. Girls without that soon after the last period, they often fortunes, do as well as those with them; begin to carry a portly abdomen. horse-radish without beer, the cloth

I observe, that in novels, people have without the pudding. All this is very no appetites. They take indeed long generous and very noble; people in walks, but not a word is said of their be this world have no necessity for eating, coming hungry, though all this is very na- it is only a bad fashion for the good tural. They do, it is true, partake of an of butchers: this they ought to insist elegant refreshment, but it is always in a upon; but very wrongly do they take mincing petty ay: a man might cry

different measures, even dangerous ones, " You don't eat" over and over again, till One half of the peers of this kingdom are bis lungs were cracked; he would stand bigamists, having one wife in a novel no more chance of being heard, than a and another in the world; what scurda. whistle would have in a storm. Miss and lum magnatum! Then again they take Master are staring at each other ; or one half of the estates of the kingdom from if they don't stare, they do worse, squint; their right owners, and give them to peowhich, in their language, is called glan- ple whom nobody ever heard of. How cing. At last down goes a tumbler of inany suits in chancery do or may rebeer, out coines the handkerchief, such sult froin this violent propensity, to disrubbing and scrubbing ! “Maria !" says pose of other people's properiy, I cannot Mamma, with a grave and reprehensive tell; but I am sure, that it requires the look.

notice of parliament. It is indeed a treOne important incident is also uni- mendous grievance. A person who had forinly omitted in novels. I mean little a fine estate in Dorsetshire, might sister Betsy running into the drawing- find that he had been indulging all this room, full of morning-visitors, with while in a reverie, and become insane. “ Mamma, I saw Mr. Sigh kiss Miss Besides, it affects the interests of mortgaHorse-shoe in the garden;" nor Q in the gees and annuitants. corner, the stiff formal young man in the

I find too what the novelists are pleased window-seat, smothering a horse-laugh; to call incident, is neither more nor lees and the entry of Miss Horse-shoe, igno. than rouing. All parties must rou, or rantly and innocently running up to him, they are not fit characters for novels. with “Pig-tail, wliat are you laughing at?" They rou methodically, gradually, or more and the tremendous burst which follows. and inore, till the last chapter but one: Mr. Sigh does not, of course, laugh it Then is a universal hubbub witd, off like a man of the world, for what And tumult and confusion all embroil'd. would be unnovel-like; but suffers the But the lucky dog of a lover, in the next most melancholy sensations on account chapler, like Satan, of poor Miss Ilorse-shoe-Feeling soul! Springs upward like a pyramid o fire

In the development of their mutual Into the wild expanse; and through the shock sensátions, what a huriy-burly ensues! I Of fighting elements, on all sides round copy an existing novel.-Two constables, Environd, wins his gird. a couple of deep and long-drawn signs, Matrimony of course follows: now this like the city-marshals on Lord Mayor's io novels is not punch, a mixture of day, advance and clear the road; then acids, &c. but always sugar candy; mifollow in procession, alarm, confusion, series enough before, but marriage, in the starting from seats, amazement, inability world of novels, puts an end to all human to speak or move, and trembling expecta- evils. Eternal health! nu children that tion. After all this, one would naturally dic! no cheating servants! 10 spiteful expect, that the next thing we should neighbours! no bad debes! no stray




Musical Rehearsals.-Fire-Escapes.


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glances of Mr. Ilusband at a pretty maid!

N. B. Let the music be marked thos: 20, an pouting of madam! nó family-disputes 40, 60, 80, 100, &c. &c. in crery part of about the division of a legacy or an es

accompaniment. Some of your numerous

rcaders may improve on the above. tate! No, no: the gift of Dunmow hacon is stopped in good time, or there would not be a rasher left in the kingdom To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. for money: it would be all for love; that

SIR, which, according to novels, is the sole object of human existence.

ANY ingenious inventions have Your's, &c. T. D. F.

preserving lives in cases of fire; and there

is no doubt that numbers unight be saved To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. if these salutary means were generally SIR,

adopted. But either owing to the exI BEG leave to recommend the follow. pense of those machines, or rather from

ing hint to the notice of your inusical incre carelessness, people choose the friends.

risk of being burnt in their beds; and Out of a dozen rehearsals, twelve are we seldom hear of a couflagration, but attended with delays and inconveniences, some of the inhabitants are consumed in owing to mistakes in some of the print their houses. There is one simple mode cipal or subordinate parts. To rectify of security, which I recommended to this, I propose, that composers (parti. the public ten years ago; but which, I cularly in concertos, or any long pieces of fear, will be despised on account of its music) number every 20 bars of the lead- simplicity. I mean a few yards of knotted ing parts in their scores. The copyist rope to be fixed to a table, bedstead, settee, would of course do the same by every & which means most people might depart separately; and where, (as it often scend with great ease, and perfect safety, occurs) there are 70, 80, or 100 bars rest, from the window to the street. This is for horns or flutes. I further propose to attended with almost no expense, occupies mark them according to the leading part, little room, and is within reach of the and not (as is now customary) all togelber poorest. I believe the most delicate lebetween two bars; should there be any male would not hesitate a moment to slip odd bars, they inight very easily be added. down thus froin a window, if precluded The advantage is obvious: If the leader from other means of escape. I purposely should bear any instrument out of its avoid a minute detail of the mode of using place, or indeed if the individual who this contrivance, as every person possessplayed that instrument were to find him. ed of common sense, must at once under, seli

' wrong, he might soon learn where the stand it; only a hook or noose at the end error lay, by comparing his part with the of the rope, and knots, at proper distances, principal one; and should the band be seen absolutely necessary. Such a ropeobliged to stop in order to rectify a mis- ladder as is used on shipboard, would be take, instead of beginning the whole still more convenient, and better adapted movement a second time, the leader might to the use of women and children. The say begin from the 80th, 100th, or any only objection I can see to this, is the adother given bar; the whule orchestra would ditional expenscs, which might be a conimmediately cast their eyes towards the sideration with many, and that it would number, and the piece would go on with occupy more room than the simple rope. out the least delay. Having been frequent. Por my own part, I can never lie down ly extremely annoyed by trying the same with pleasure in the lofty attic of a Lon. movement ihree or four times over, be- don house, where the drunkenness and cause a flute, or an oboe, or some other dissipation of servants often occasion the instrument, was out, (as they term it in dismal calamity of the house and inhaan orchestra), I submit this hint to the bitants perishing together. public, with a full confidence that (if ap

Dundee, plied) it will answer every expectation, June 3, 1809.

Your's, &c.

BENEVOLUS. without the least trouble or inconvenie ence to the performers.

N. B. As government have humanely in. Your's, &c.

terfered in limiting the number of people on -llARMONICUS.

the stage.coaches, it seems equally proper to September 18, 1809.

enturce some such regulation as above, to prevent accidents by fire.


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To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. the dog, the eat (male and female), the

kilten, the horse, the war-horse, the cow, Vox et præterea nibil.

the sucking-pig, the canary-bird, the S I live at some distance from Lon- duck, the hen, the owl, the jack-daw, the

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your Magazine of the current month :* the frog, church-bells, the noise of a
and I lose no time in replying to some watch or clock, the strings of a violin out
observations with which one of your cor- of tune, two general musical sounds, a
respondents has honoured a letter of mine postilion's whip, a drum, a hunting-horn,
inserted in your publication several and five others. Your last month's cora
months ago, and consisting of strictures respondent has, strictly speaking, added
on an article that had appeared in the not one to the list. ** Now, Sir, if I
preceding Nonber, reviving the very strengthen a few of my former instances
old idea of employing our orthographical by further authority, and supply nine or
expression of the sounds utiered by the ten fresh ones, I hope I shall be consi-
inferior animals, or produced in certain dered as having done my part toward the
cases by inanimate objects, as a standard matter in hand; and that your other two
to record the existing pronunciation of correspondents will put the finishings
the letters of the alphabet. I do not ex- strokes to their great undertaking, and
actly understand in what sense your cor. produce
respondent applies the epithet dashing"

“ A work outlasting monumental brass." to my former conumunication : iny opi.

I shall begin, of course, with confirinnion on the subject of it remains unal- ing my old examples; and as your last tered; but as I think your correspondent's correspondent seeins fond of quotations letter was perhaps intended to produce from the learned languages, I shall gratify from me another dush, I regret that this him in that respect. can be but a slight one; for I really write

The cry of the sheep your first correspon. in very great haste, to endeavour to be dent gave as baa froin Theocritus, and I in time for your printer; and with mate-confirined it from one of O'Keefe's farces. rials by no means adequate to a topic I have since observed this expression of which, by the acknowledgment of your it adopted by some very high authorities, correspondent, can only be sufficiently which your correspondents will see at the illustrated from an acquaintance with the bottom of the page ;t as well as by languages of all the nations whose his.

Shakespeare, tory has come to our knowledge, the

polished as well as the unpolished;" and * Such words as snore, biss, clang, and crasb, for the discussion of which he accordingly, are not at all in point. The writer of the though quoting French, Latin, and Greek, letter may find many more of that kind cited professes himself incompetent.


from Wallis and without approbation, as little occurs to my recollection at this applied in a somewhat similar view) in Johnmoment, I take the liberty of troubling French words quoted are still further from

son's grammar prefixed to his dictionary The you with; froin a conviction chat a pro- the purpose : our own whistle, cbatter, croak, ject so daring and useful in its design, bark, bowl, and bleat, would be quite as apyet so unambitious and practical in its propriate, or rather unappropriate. As to the ineans, ought not to be lightly abandoned. Latin quotation, he inight find a hundred

I cannot help saying, however, Mr. better in the same author: what, for instance, Editor, that I think myself rather hardly does he think of " clamorque virûm, clangor treated in this business; and that more que tubarum?" But all these have absolutely than my fair proportion of the labour ne- nothir.g to do with the matter in band. The cessary for establishing the proposed Greek, and its translation, are, if possible, plan, is thrown upon me.

Your first

niore and more removed from the question ; correspondent produced only two sounds, and it is not easy to imagine by what connec?

tion of ideas they could ever have been ina those of the sheep and the cuckoo : I con

troduced into it. vi firmed both these by additional testimony,

+ Eustathius, who lived towards the close ; -and besides brought forward the follow of the twelfth century, says that en fr is a

ing thirty-two new examples, all (except sound made in imitation of the bleating of half a dozen) accompanied by written a sheep (βή έχει μίμησιν προβάτων φανής), 2nd and indisputable authorities : the cock, quotes to this purpose this verse of an ancient

writer called Cratinus :

ο δ' ηλίθιος ώσπερ τροβάτου, βή, βή, λέγων * The Number published on the first of

βαδίζει. . January

He, like a silly sheep, goes crying baa. + July 1, 1808 : page 506.

· Caninius has remarked the same, Hellen, MONTHLY DIAG. No. 196.


P: 20.


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114 On the Plan for recording Alphabetical Sounds. [March 1, Shakespeare, in the Two Gentlemen of As I am no naturalist, my ideas are Verona (act. 1. scene 1.) “ Proteus. not perfectly clear on tlie subject of a Therefore thou art a sheep: --Speed. bird which I mentioned in my former Such another proof will make me cry letter by the name of the pee-wil. Dr. bua.-It is rather extraordinary that Mavor, in his Elements of Natural His. Walker remarks, in the Principles of tory, gives this a secondary appellation, Pronunciation, prefixed to his dictionary of the lapwing. Now Ilarmer, in some (No.77), that this word has been adopted part of his Observations on Passages of precisely for the same purpose "in almost Scripture, speaks of the lapwing as called all languages. I am afraid this circuin- upupa in the East, from its note being stance would go fatally to the very foun- pupu :-and there seems some coinci. dation of the whole plan; for it can hardlydence between this remark and the name be supposed that “almost all” nations of hoopoe, given hy Dr. Mavor to one hare been uniform, or eren nearly so, of the birds that he describes, and which, in their pronunciation of these identical he says, “ receives its name from its letters.

The doctor gives a plate of ihe The barking of the dog I have already hoopoe; which, I suppose, will help those given on two poetical authorities. I tend who know more about birds than I do' from Walker* that Aristophanes expresses to solve the difficulty. it by the diphthong as, av; exactly equi-. I mentioned explicitly that I did not valent, says Walker, to our ow in bow. pretend that the sound assigned to the

trumpet, in the poetical quotation which The oxl, I have given from Shake. I gave, was at all suited to it. I have speare. Plautus however expresses it since found it much better illustrated : differently, as tu-tu (the very expression first, in a line from a very old Latin poet whicl: your first correspondent attirme (Ennius)* that the same poet bas given to the " At tuba terribili sonitu taratant are cuckoo!); and iwo other authors, an

dixit;"+ English and a French, write it respec- And secondly, together with that of anotively tov-too and tou-lou. The cries of the crowo and the frog

ther martial instrument, as follows: were also stated in my former letter; but "Now, madam, observe how he marches in each of these I have since found expres. The man with the kettle-drum enters the gate,

state, sed ditlerently. Parkburst, in his Greek Lexicon, on the word aspaš, attributes this Rub dub a-dub dub: the trumpeters foilow,

'Tantara tantara, while all the boys halloo. I word ( korux) to the raven or crow, and

I do not know how it was, that I omila says, that Aristophanes expresses the croaking of the frog by kout. I have ted giving an authority for lantity as the since seen the frog.chorus in Aristopba. sound of the hunting.horn, from the song nes stated more fully (so far as concerns

of Old Towler : the cry of the animal) as follows: Heigho chivy! Brekekéx, koax, koux,

Hask forward, hark forward, tantiny! &c.
Brekckéx, koáx', kcéx.

Some of my fresh examples I have now

given incidentally, among the confirma. p. 26. ' E longum, cujus sonus in ovium iions of my old ones. I shall here adid balatu sentitur, ut Crativus et Varro tradi- the rest. derunt.' "The sound of the e long may be

The name of the bird called cockatoo perceived in the bleating of sheep, as Cratinus is given to it from its note. and Varro have handed down to us.'"

A periodical publication of last month, Quoted from Walker's Key to the Classical Pronurciation, &c. page x.

in some account of the Feast of Fools Key, &c. page X.

(or of the Ass), one of the moralities, or + " Plautus:

sort of sacred drainas, that were formerly -Tu, tu, istic, inquam, vin'afferi noctuam, exhibited in the churches, at particular Quæ tu, tu, usque dicat tibi ?"

seasons, in Roman-catholic countries, " It appears here, (says Mr. For:ter, in his gives the following from Du Couge as Nefence of the Greek accents,) that an owl's ihe first line of the chorus to the song cry was tu tu to a Roman ear, as it is 100 101 sung in ihe cathedral of Sens on this octo an English. Lambin, who was a Frenchman, observes on the passage : alludit ad Quoted in the notes on Heync's Vir it, poctuæ vocem seu cantum, iu-tu seu tou-tou.' Æneid ix. 503. • He here alludes to the voice or noise of an + " But the trumpet, with a terrible owl, tutu or tow-tou (French).'"-:ered sound, said larat antara " from Walker's Ky, &c. piki,

Swift : tbe verses on Hamilton's bawn.


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