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MONTHLY MAGAZINE.

No. 196.]

MARCH 1, 1810.

[2. of Vol. 29.

" As long as those who write are ambitious of making Convens, and of giving their Opinions a Maximum of

· Infuence and Celebrity, the most extenfively circulated Miscellany will repay with the greare Effect the "* Curiofity of thuse who read either for Amusement or Inftru&ion."-JOHNSON,

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ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS.
For the Monthly Magazine.

10. Number of hands employed therein, ACCOUNT of the HERRING FISHERY at 750.

WICK; by SIR JOIN SINCLAIR, BART. 11, Number of acres which the nets, when
TOR some years past, a herring-fishery spread out for drying, would cover, 568.
has been carried on along the east-

12. Number of miles the total length of
in the neighbourhood of Wick, Staxig!, Wick, &c. at 32s. per burre?, 82,0001.
orn coast of Caithness, more especially the nets, one tollowing the other, 114.

13. Value of the herrings exported from Clyth, Lybster, Dunbeath, &c. which is

14. Price of each herring at that rate, 2 likely to become a very great national, farthings, and about one-tifth of a farthing. object. It is of considerable importance 15. Value of each barrel of herrings, on indeed, even in its present state, as will the calculation that a barrel of herrings is appear from the following general view equal to one of beef, 51. 12s. of it; but that is nothing to the extent 16. Annual value of the fishery, on that to whiclı it will probably be brought, calculation, 28,0001. when the harbour of Wick is coinpleted, There can be no doubt that a barrel (which will be effected in the course of of berrings, properly curect

, is equal to next year); when the other creeks along one of beet; and many have calculated that coast are better fitted for the acconi- tlie proportion at a still higher rate. It modation of boats and vessels; and when is of the utmost importance, therefore, the fishery is extended to Thurso, and the to increase that branch of the fishery, northern coast of Caithness, which there

more especially for the advantage of the is every reason to hope will be the case

pour, as salted herrings not only give a in the course of the ensuing summer. relish to the potatues* and other vegetaPresent and general State of the Wick Fishery. bles they consume, but are also of the

1. Number of vessels, averaging 50 tons greatest benefit to the poor, from the each, employed in bringing to Wick, &c. nourishment they aford. The importa the raw materials of the fishery, as salt, casks, ance of the fishery as a nursery for seastaves, &c. 150.

inen, neerl not be dwelt upon. 2. Number of hands employed on board It may be proper to add, that this fisha these vessels, 750.

ary is not carried on solely for the lo3. Number of boats and other vessels em. ployed in the fishery itself, 550.

* The best mode of using salted herrings 4. Number of hands employed on board with potatoes, is as follows :--Let the pota. these boats and vessels, 2750.

toes be parboiled, and then the skins taken 5. Number of hands employed in various off; let the herrings and potatoes be then other branches of the fishery, as coopers, thoroughly boiled together, and put on a dish net-niakers, gutters, packers, &c. 2,200. for consumption. Some take out the bones,

6. Total number of hands employed in the and mash the herrings and the potatoes togefishery, and the various branches there with ther, which makes a inost excellent meal. IF' connected, 5,700.

this mode were more generally practised, the 7. Number of barrels of smoked and salted internal consumption of berrings throughout herrings, on the average of this and the pre-, 'the country would indeed be great. There is ceding year, about 50,000.

hardly a family in the kingdom that would 8. Total number of herrings caught and cu- not find it for tbeir advantage to purchase sed, at the rate of 700 herrings per barrel, from one to two barrels of salted herrings, and (besides great quantities consumed in a fresh upwards, to be consumed in this manner. scate,) thirty-five millions.

When to this is added foreign and colorial 9. Number of vessels employed in trans- exportation, it is difficult to point out the li. porting the herrings from Wick, &c. to other mits to which the herring-fishery might be

carried, under adequate encouragement. MONTBLY Mac. No. 196.

0

cal

ports, 150.

106 Herring-Fishery. Smithfield Club. [March 1, cal advantage of any particular district; To the Editor of the Munthly Magazine. but that numbers of vessels, from various

SIR,

THE Sveithfield, Club hinstitutede it there, during the fishing-season, and enjoy by far the greater share of the profit ascertaining, by an annual exhibition, derived therefrom. Nothing indeed ca! what breeds of oxen, sheep, and pigs, be more pleasing than to see the stir and will improve the most in weight of bustle which the fishery (even on the meat for the market, in a given time contracted scale 'on which it is now es. and with a given consumption of food, tablished) occasions, in the neighbour- distributed their annual prizes in Dehood of Wick, in consequence of the cember last, on the award of Mr. number of strangers who flock to it from Jolin Tomalin, of Knightsthorp, Leithe southern coanties, when the herrings cestershire; Mr. Francis Whittieli,' of make their appearance. But wlien, in East Stone, near Ashford, Kent; and stead of 50,000, the fishery is increased Mr. Edward Augur, of Eastbourne, Sus. to the extent of 500,000 barrels and up- sex: the three judges appointed for exwards, (which there is every reason to amining the many fine animals exhibithope, under the protection of the new ed, and the several certificates of their fishery-board, will soon be the case,) it breeds, ages, food, &c. Below is a will then become an object of the most return of the particulars : * essential national importance, and well deserving of every possible attention and en- * See a similar account last year, vol. couragement that can be bestowed upon it. xxvii. p.7.

Loose Hide &

Beef. Far. Horns. Head Feet. Blood, PRIZE OXEN.

lbs.

lbs. lbs. | Ibs. lbs.

ios.

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Mr. John Edmond's 6-year old light

brown Herefordshire ox, worked more than two years, and fed on grass and

hay Mr. John Terrett's 6•year old red long

horved ox, worked two years, and fed

on grass, bay, and oil-cakes Mr. William Webber's 6-year old white

legged Devonsbire. ox, worked three years, and led on grass and hay Mr. John Terrett's 4-year old dark-red

Herefordshire ox, not worked, fed on grass, bay, and Swede turnips Mr. Michael Buckley's 3-year old red

Devonshire ox, not worked, fed un grass, hay, and turnips Mr. Edward Boddington's 4-year old

black Scotch ox, fed on grass, hay, and turnips

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PRIZE SHEEP.

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Mr. John Edmond's three 22-months 1

old new Leicester wethers, fed on 2 grass, hay, and turnips

3 Mr. Jobo Westcar's three S3-nonths 1 154 16 19 old new Leicester wethers, fed on 2 141 14

17 next grass only

3 | 1314 13 15 col. Mr. Genry King, jun, three 20-months 1 1

13 104 54 old South Down wethers, fed on 76 114 103 grass only

3 79 u 14 6 Mr. William Harrison's three S2-months 1144 15

15

124 old South Down wethers, fed on 2 | 1114 174 18 13 grass, hay, and Swede turnips

100
14 | 14

14

79

304 2224 87 2074 324 | 1921 13 121 13 115 13 123

9 106 104 1704 10 152

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Mr. John Road's 60-weeks old spotted 7
Berkshire pig, fed on skinned milk,

502 14 3 84 | 251 553
and four busbels of barley-ineal
Mr. Jobo Road's 40-weeks old spotted

Berksire sow-pig, fed on skimmed unilk, S64 14 3 5 25} 4111 and four bushels of barley-meal It having been represented to the triumph are beard; all advancing from a Clubi, at their late meetings, that the rolling lake of burning brimstone. reason why no oxen were shown in some

Ace 2d. The scene represents a gloof their classes, arose from the working rious sun, in its full meridian.--Enter of oxen being little or not at all prace the angel Gabriel and Noah, as in distised in the districts most fained for course. some of the breeds alluded to, the

Act 3d. Scene a pleasant garden, Club resolved to exempt in future the adorned with various walks and close long-lorned and short-horned breeds of bowers, and enamelled with purling ozen from the condition of two years' rivulets; a shower of rain is seen to fall, work before they are put up to falien, the sky on a sudden clears up, and a glowhich is still an indispensable condition rious sun appears.--Enter Sem and Phi. with large Hereford, Sussex, Kent, or lothea, Japhet's wife.-As they are going Devonshire oxen.

It having also been out, Japhet enters. stated, that a premium offered for two

Afterwards the scene opens, and reyear-old fat wethers of the pure Merino presents several altars, with sacrifices on breed, would encourage attention to in- thém, the sacrificers devoutly kneeling be. provement in the carcases of these va. fore them. A cloud of fire descends on luable animals hy selection, without in. the altars, and consumes the sacrifices, júry to the fineness of their fleece, such then ascends: a song is sung all the a premium was adopted in their new

while the cloud rises, expressing the acbill of conditions and forms of certifi- ceptation of their sacrifices; and then cates for the next Show; which may be the scene changes to the garden.- Enter had, as usual, of Mr. Mitchell, Draper, Noal. -Enter Lucifer in robes of light. No. 7, Cloth Fair, near Smithfield Mar. A shower of fire falls down; a clap of ket. After the next year, it is the in- thunder is hcard; Noah returns attrighttention of the Club to bare the large ed; Gabriel Ries down; and Lucifer worked oxen shown in pairs or yokes, sinks at the same time. at their annual show during the great or

Act 4th. Scene the Deluge-only Christmas market for fat animals in one bill and the ark seen above the waves, Smithfield, (which is usually the Monday The scene changes-all overwhelmed se'nnight before Christmas Day) instead with the waves.

The scene changes of singly, as heretofore. The number of again, and represents hell: Lucifer, Šamembers is now 251.

tan, Beelzebub, Asmoday, and Belial, Your's, &c.

sitting in Pandæinoniun. Westminster, J. FAREY, Secretary. changes--all destroyed but the ark, February 19, 1810.

which is swimming on the surface of the

All the devils appear againTo the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. it several flaming chariots full of angels

tliey assault the ark; almost overturn

fly down, and thunder and lightning drive HAVE in

« Noah's my I

the devils into the deep. The scene Flood, an opera, in five acts, by Edward Ecclestope, London, 1679.”

changes, and represents Noah in the ark;

to whom Sin and Death appear, and adAct 1st. The scene being opened,

dress themselves. Hell is represented, with spirits in several

Thus far I give the description to assist postures of torments, hideous bowlings and lamentations are leard, and several J.B.(see a late number of your Magazine.) are flying across the stage. The scene,

Glasgow, Post office-court, Your's, &c.

December 7, 1809. DAVID KĄY. on a sudden, shifts, and represents Lucifer, Satan, Beelzebub, Asmoday, Moloch, P. S.-Can any of your correspondents and Belial, at which songs of joy and point out to me the book in which I may find

the

The scene

waters.

SIR,

book-press,

he

,

assent.

103
On Equivocal Constructions.

[March 1, the most recent and fullest account of the confounding two distinct differently porteries in Staffordshire? To obtain the in. inflected cases. But it is improper tv formation desired, 1 lately bought Pitt's Agri, have recousse either to analogy or to cultural Survey of that county. A part of abstract principles, on a point respecting it professes to describe the manufactures there; which reputable usage is not decided. but there is a shameful siler.ce about the Fer, as your correspondent truly obpotteries. P. 235, speaking of the potteries, says, “ They have not been so feurishing serves, the phraseology for which he

seeios inclined to contend, is, at present, since the war.-Mr. Wedgewood.But no more docs be say. That patriot surely did

a point of no dispute,” either among not expect Mr. Pitt to be silent about a ma- grammarians, or correct writers. nufacture in which so much ingenuity has

In English, the relative is often, not been displayed.

improperly, understood, when it is the

objective case; as "the person ( bou) To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. strict propriety, it is never left to be

you mentioned, did not come. But, in SIR,

supplied in the nominative case ; unless o the introductory remarks of your when, in the same sentence, and under , (No. 194, p. 8.) I give my unqualified previously cxpressed in that case thus

But I completely dissent from although we ought not to write, “the his opinion respecting an equivocal use things which I liked, and were, &c.” but of the relative, founded on the supposed " which were" ; yet, we may write either, propriety of employing one and the same

" the things which were liked by me, and word in two different cases. I have no equally agreeable to my friends, &c.". hesitation to say, that “the things which or," and which were equally agreeable." I liked, and were ayrecable, &c." is an

From such a practice, sanctioned as it improper phraseolusy; and it was not is by general and reputable usage, no without surprise, thai, in a communica

correct writer will ever deviate intention, the intender object of which tionally. The preceding rules result from seemed to be the just condemnation of obvious principles. The objective case “ pedantic exertions to inould the En. is often understood, in English, even glish grammar on the structure of the when it bas not been previously ex. learned languages," I perceived an pressed; and as the accusative of the attempt made to give colour to such a relative is known to involve its antececonstruction, by a supposed parallel pas, dent, it may on this account, and from sage extracted from one of the learned the nature of the general construction, languages. The simple and genuine often be omitted, without any detriment principles of English gramınar have to perspicuity. On the contrary, the already been too much distorted, by nominative of the relative, alihough it being forced into unnatural assimilations also implies the antecedent, cannot be with other tongues. No applicable de. omitted, unless it has been previously duction can, withi propriety, be formed expressed. Perspicuity demands its from any classical rule or anomaly. By insertion. Thus, is the man you mentia reference to irregular, or figurative syn- oned came.” is sufficiently perspicuous. tax, it will be seen, that the ancients But, "the man is coming, spoke,"is unwere not backward to take liberties with intelligible. We must, according to the their own regular or analogical syntax. sense, write either, " the man who is It would, perhaps, be deemed a gram- coming, spoke," or " the man is coming, marical heresy, were I t!) assert, that who spoke.” they had as great an aptitude to trip in It may be worthy of observation, too, their syntax, as the moderns have. that variation in construction, such as a Indeed, проп abstract principles, the change from an active to a passive con. impropriety of using one and the same struction, and vice versá, or in persons word, as two different cases, to represent and circumstances, seldom allows any the contrary relations of agent and pati- great latitude to elliptical constructions. ent, is sufficiently manifest. The enor

It is needless to add that I object to mity of the error would not, in my appre- 'Pope's bension, be greater, even if there were a « Abuse on all he loved, or loved him, variation in the inflexion of the two spread." cases thus confounded. The confound. The same writer has another similar lme, ing two distinct relations in one and the in which, however, with singular econna saine word, is just as iniproper as the my, one noun seems to occupy the place both of a nominative and an accusative; With very different portions of intellect! “ In him who is, and him who finds, a allotted to us, we cannot see alike, nor is friend."

it needful that we should. The wisest of A construccion of the same description our race sees now but as through a glass, occurs in 1 Corinth. ii. 9, “ Eye hath dimly or uncertainly. not seen, nor tar heard, neither have Edronton,

Your's, &c. entered into the heart of man, the things February 9, 1810.

J. B. PIKE, which God hath prepared for them that love him."

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine, All the preceding instances however, SIR, I am inclined to think, should be referred thathe use of the figure ellipsis, raller your Number for Aprillast there is nu

article on musical genius and coinpo-, than attributed, on the principles of your sition, signed Greut Murlow, A. R. E. correspondent, to the equivocal use of which appears to be derived, in a very one word in two cases, as the real repre. great degree, from my essay, entitled sentative of two distinct relations. In- Melody the Soul of Music," without redeed, it appears to me not a little prepos. ferring to it in any manner. If this is terous to suppose, that a word can be intentional, it is certainly very unfair: so employed. Univocalness, it is well if accidental, it is a literary curiosity, $0 known, is the very life of perspicuity; striking are the coincidences. Sometimes and if the construction be allowed to be A. R. È.'s dissertation seems grounded on elliptical (and that it is I cannot doubt), the ideas of my essay, sometimes is a the ellipsis of the noun is not likely to inere variation, then an amplification, be so generally reprobated as that of the and sometimes very nearly copied. On relative.

Your's, &c. comparison, the truth of this will appear, Crouch End,

J. Grant. in the passages which treat of the natural February 10, 1810.

sounds, the derivation of music from them,

ancient powers of music, simplicity, moTo the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. dern refinement, complication, &c. SIR,

Possibly A. R. E. may have intended WELL-meaning letter of some un- to reser to the original source of his disMagazine for last month, occasions me to the more likely, as he makes a direct trouble your readers with this.

allusion to the title of my essay by the There was a report lately of my decense; phrase “ Body of Music ;" wiich, how. and I was noticed as having departed ever, he qualifies with the parenthesis froin this world, in many of the daily “if I may use the expression," as if in. prints.

tending no allusion, My health had then suffered extremely, It is usual for orators to suin up their insomuch that at one time, when travel matter in a few words. Query: Does ing froin Chard to Sherborne, I expected A. R. E. mean to do this is the last to expire in the chaise.

words of his dissertation, “ a mass of Nevertheless, here I am still: the ma- well-concealed plagiarism?" lice of my cnemies has not been able to For the sake of literary justice and cusend me to hell, nor has it been the good riosity, I shall expect a speedy explanapleasure of my heavenly Father, as yet, tion.

Your's, &c. to call me to heaven. But I wait for his Glasgow,

A. MOLLESON. summons in the shade of retireinent. October 28, 1809.

Judging that neither the history, nor the opinions, of an obscure individual, can To the Editor of the Alonthly Magazine. be at all interesting to the public, I shall neither supply deficiencies, nor rectify НЕ

signing G. , respect to one passage, where it is said May, after a composition for removing that u

my views opened but hy little and grease-spois froin paper, I considered little, and therefore, I then thought Dr. too interesting, so long to escape the Priestley went too wide.” On this I judge notice of readers possessing more leisure it right to observe, that on some few than myself. poinis I think so still. I was well as- The following simple method I have quainted with Dr. Priestley, and held biin often proved to be much more effecival in very bigh esteem; but my theological than the use of turpentine ; and once in creed never entirely agreed with his particular, upon a folio of a ledger which

had

SIR,

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