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100
Monthly Naturalist's Report,

[Feb. 1, 491. per share, prem -Kennet and Avon dieto), 481. per share. --Globe Fire and Life As. surance Shares, 1301. dicto.-- Albion diico, 601. ditto. condon Assurance Shipping, 251. per share.- Rock Lite Assurance, 55. per share, prem. -- London Institution, 841. per shures Surrey ditto, par.-South London Water Works, 1301 per share. - East London ditto, 1971, West Middlesex dicto, 1421. ditto.-Kent Wate: ditto, 421. per share, prem.-Colchester ditto, 55l. dicio. Porisca and Turlington ditro, 401. ditto - Portsea di to, by Nicholson, 501. ditto. Wilts and Birks Canal, 531. per share.--Huddersfield, ditto, 421.

COURSE OF EXCHANGE

1810
Dec. 26 | 29th. jan. 2 5th. 9th. 12th.

16th. 19th. 23. 1809. Amsterdam, 2 Us. 32 S2 32 32 32 32 31 10 31 19 31 10 Dito,

Sight S1 5 31 5 315 31 5 31 öl 31 5 S1 31 31 SI 31 S Rutterdam,

9 18 9 18 9 18 9 18 9 18 9 18 9 17 9 17 9 17 Hamburgh,

29 6 29

0 29 2 99 0 28 9 28 91 28 0 28 9! 28 5 Aitona, 29 7 29 7 29

41 29

11 28 10 8 16 28 10 28 10 8 10 Paris, 1 day date.. 19 16 19 10 19 10 19 101 19 161 19 161 19 16 19 16 19 16 Ditto 2 Us,

20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 tourdeaux, 20 20 20 20 20 20

20 90 20 Madrid, Ditto, effective 44 4+ 44

41 44

41 41 + 1 L'adiz Ditto, effcstive.. 401 401 41 41 41 41 41 40 104 Bilboa 41 41 41

41
41 41 41

11
Palermo,
110 110 125

125 125 125

125
60
Leghorn

60
60
60 60

60
60

60 Genoa 53 55 55 55

55 Venice 52 52 52

52 52 52 52 52 Naples.. 42 42 42 42 42 42

42 42 Lisbon. 64 6+ 6+ 64

64 65 65 6.3 Oporto...

65 65 61 64 64 61 65 65 65 Rio Janeiro. 71 71 71 71

71 71 71 71 Malta....

56 56 56 56 56 56 56 56 56 Gibraltar.. 361 36 361 361 361

38 S8 38 Dublin 9 91 9

91

91 Cork

10
10 10 10

9

o Wm. TURQUAN, Exchange and Stock Broker,

No. 9, St. Michael's Alley, Cornhill,

195
60

.

71

36

10
O!

NATURALIST'S MONTIILY REPORT.

DECEMBER.

Dead-winter Montb.
When now, unsparing as the scourge of war,
Blasts follow blases, and groves dismantled roar,

Around their home the storm-pinch'd cattle low.
HITHERTO, with the excepion of three or four days in November, the weather has

been much more mild than, for so late a season of the year, we have bad any reason to expect., Christmas is now past, and on the sea-coast of Hampshire there has not, that I bave heard, been yet any snow.

On the 1st, 2d, and 3d of December, the wind was north-west. On the 3d it changed to soutla-west, and again on the to north-west. On the 7th and 8th it varied betwixt these two quarters; and from the 10th to the 13th it was directly west.

On the 19th it was north north, east; but it afterwards, towards the end of the month, became westerly.

Iliere were fresa gales on the 1st, 2d, 6th, 9th, 10rb, 11th, 13th, 18th, and 19th, and stronggales on the 7th, 12th, and 17th. The weather has been very variable. On the 1st and ud it was fair. There was some rain on the 3d, and the oth was a dark, hazy day throughout Froin the oth to the 12th, there was more or less rain every day. In the night of the nath we had a violent storm of wind, rain, hail, and thunder; and, on the two noc. eceuing days, suuden and frequent storms of rain and hail, with violent gusts of wind. During the night of the 13th there was a strong frost. The night of the 14th was one of the must treniencous I ever heard for wind, rain, and hail. We had much rain on the 17th, and, about twelve o'clock at night, thunder and lightning. The 21st and 22d were extremely mild days; and ou the 3d we had a heavy fog. We had little or no frost from the 1-1ch to the end of the month.

December 8th. Lamperns (pitromyzon brancbialis of Linnæus), are now found about the gravenly bottoms of our rivers and streams. They are generally observed in the act of aj.

hering

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hering to the stones by their circular mouth; and are easily caught by school-boys and others,
who wade into the water and seize them with their hands.

The common wagtails continue to fly about the shallow places of the rivers and ponds.'
Kingfishers are occasionally seen amongst the bushes, and about the banks of the rivers.

December 11th. Among s me sprats which I this day saw, there was a single pilchard; but it is the only fish of the species that I have heard of, as having been caught here this year.

The founders have now their ovaries discended with spawn, and are in season for the table; but on these coasts they are, at best, a tasteless and insipid fish.

Woodcocks are found in our copses and woods, but they are by no means plentiful.

December 14th. A very large individual of the long eared bat was brought to me this day. It appeared to be as full of animation, and was as active in flight as I ever saw a bat in the middle of summer.

A few forets of the woodbine are s-ill left, in warm and sheltered places ; and some of the autumnal garden plants are yet in flower.

December 22d. I this day siw two or three lambs; and am informed that several ewes have yeaned some days ago. I likewise saw a eweret or a second brood, which was scarcely half grown.

The berries of the holly and ivy are ripe.

December 31st. The weather is so unusually warm, that some of the house-flies, which, more than a month ago, had retired into their hiding places for the winter, have revived, and are buzzing about my room.

Hampsbire.
Erratuin in the last month's Report: for bamnus goangula, read "rhamnis frangula."

P. S. Your correspondent Philo Botanicus will, I have no doubt, be perfectly aware how difficult it is for a person who has not suthicient leisure, to be in the fields for a considerable length of time every day, to ascer ain the precise periods at which a great variety of plants come into power. As far however as my leisure and my knowledge permit, I'will enocaYour to supply the information which he is desirous to receive.

The following indigenous plants were observed near Warrington, in a state of inflorescence on the first of January, which is a striking proof of the unusual mildness of the present season y Callatriche aquatica.

Lamium purpureum.
Poa annua.

Antirrhinum Cymbalaria.
Primula vulgaris.

Thlaspi arvense.
B Vivla odorata.

Iberis amara.
tricolor.

Cheiranthus fruticulosus,
Vinca minor.

Brassica napus.
major.

Ulex europæus.
Arbutus unedo.

Lenntodon taraxacum.
Scieranthus annuus.

Senecio vulgaris.
perennis.

- jacobea.
Stellaria media.

Bellis perennis.
Lychnis dioica.

Matricaria chamomilla.
Euphorbia helioscopia.

Callendula officinalis.
Ranunculus acris.

Urtica urens.
Lamium album.
I have been led to this observation, from having composed last year a Calendar of Flora
for 1809; which will make its appearance in the course of this month.

Your's, &c.

G. CROSFIELD

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MONTIILY BOTANICAL REPORT.
BELONGING to No. 274 of the Botanical Magazine, reviewed in our last Report, we re-

ceived, in the following number, the figure of Nymphea kalmisna, a Canadian species, Very nearly resembling the Nymphea lutea or Europe, but much smaller in all its parts. We do not think that the circumstance mentioned by Dr. Sims, of the veins on the underside of the leaf being furrowed out, instead of being raised as in luced, and per aps in every other species, if constant, is so expressed by the drafcsman; whose figure appears to us to represent the veins raised as usual.

No. 275 of the same work, contains a beautiful figure of Trichonema pudicum, introduced by Miss Symonds sister to the late Lady Gwillim.

Eustrephus latifolius; a New Holland genus, the name and character of which are bor. Towed from the unpublished work on the plants of that country, by Mr. R. Brown. It has a near a thinity with Asparagus and Mediola, and has been mistaken for the narrow-leaved species of the latter.

Lapeyrousia

107

Monthly Botanical Report. [Feb. 1, Lapeyrousia fissifelia : the Gladiolus fissifolius, of Jacquin and Vahl, but very properly se. parated from that genus by Mr. Gawler; this article contains an enumeration of the species, in which Mr. G. no longer

makes Lamark's. Ixia fastigiuta, distinct from L. corymbosa. Moræa pavonia, Mr. Gawler had before shown that what Mr. Curtis called Iris pavonia, in a former part of the Magazine, was a variety of Moræa tricuspis. The present very rare and beautiful spécies, as well as the last, was figured from the coliection of Lee and Kennedy. Centaurea macrocep bala, of Count Mushin Pushkin, native of Caucasus, never before ngured, communicated by Mr. Loddiges, of Hackney.

Erica aristalo, a showy and rare species, from the collection of Mr. Williams, of Turne ham Green.

Erica andromeda flora. Another species, altogether deserving of the same epithets, from the collection of Mr. Knight, nursery-man, King's road, late gårdener to Mr. Hibbert. The specific characters of both the above species of Erica, are taken from the unpublished edition of the Hortus Kewensis ; and we are encouraged by this, in the belief that the excellent botanist Mr. Dryander, a pupil of Linnæus, is seriously engaged in the publication of char Esetul work.

Hedysarum capiretum. Another native of Mount Caucasus, from Loddiges's garden. The name seems to be hesitatingly adopted from Destontanes. The peculiar shape of the fa eeme, from the lower flowers being close oppressed to the stalk, whilst those recently expanded are patent, suggested to Dr. Sims the English name of Sceptre-flowered ; and should, it hereafter turn out that it is different from the capitatum of the Flora atlantica, the name of sceptriformis will probably be adopted.

In No. 276 of the Botanical Magazine, we have Cyanella lutea ; a very rare species, Mr. Gawler bas framed a new generic character.

(Amaryllis Ornata Var. a), or the Cape-coast Lily. Mr. Gawier at first considered the Cape-coast Lily, the Ceylon Lily, and the great White-flowered Lily from Sierra Leone, as the same species; he has since, at the suggestion of Mr. Dryander, separated the last, un. der the name of A. gigantea. He still considers the two former as mére varieties: in plants of so, very natural an order, both the species and the genera are so very indistinctly marked, that it is extremely difficult to decide what are species and what are varitties, and to which genus many species belong. In this instance, we are inclined to side with the cultivators, who are best acquainted with the plants in every stage of their growth, and who, one'an't all, consider the Cape-coast Lily and the Ceylon Lily, as distinct species.

Hesperantha pilosa (B), a smooth variety. This genus was framed by Mr. Gawler, out the large beterogeneous assemblage, under the name of Ixia, and contains a set of species which are nigbo-flowering and very fragrant.

Guissos hiza setacea: another newly established genus, from the same assemblage. Mr. Gawler has here united three of his former species, viz. setacea, rocbensis, 'and obtusaia, under one, considering them as mere varieties; we think cultivation must determine the question.

Impatiens coccinea, a new and showy species of Balsam, introduced from the East Indies by Dr. Roxburgh, and cultivated in the stove, at Mr. Salisbury's Botanic Garden.

Campanula peregrina ; a species of Bell-flower, known for some years in our gardens; but of very doubuiul origin. From ics habir, it is, as Dr. Sims observes, very unlikely to be a production of the Cape ; Siberia or Northern Asia may lay, a much more probable claim.

Campanula barbara ; an Alpine plant, nalive of Southern Europe.

Ibbetsonia genistoides. Mr. Salisbury, in the last volume of the Transactions of the Linnean Society, has pointed out several distinct genera, which have been heretofore budsled together, under the nanie of Sophora ; many of the species, of which had no other claim to be considered as belonging to the same genus than that of having papilionaceous Aowers, with ten distinct stamens. He bad not however given the characters, or affixed any names to some of these zenera.

Dr. Sims has here adopted one of Mr. Salisbury's genera, has supplied the generic characters, and applied the name of Ibbetsonia, in honour of Mrs. Agnes Ibbetson," who has shown herself to be a lady of superior talents, by several papers on vegetable physiology, published in Nicholson's Philosopbical Journal. The species here figured, has been long known in collections of rare plants under the name of Sophora geniscoides.

We have not received any number of the Botanist's Repository since our last Report.

Of English Botany, two numbers have been published, which contain together only seven phenogamnc species.

Stachys arabigua. Supposed to be a new species from Scotland. To us it appears to approach in habit to a Galeopsis.

Lotus corniculatus and Lotus major. In the Flora Britannica, Dr. Smith has enumerated these plants as varieties; they are now considered by him as distinct species, of which we should think there can be little doubt, but cultivation would perhaps determine the ques. tion more satisfactorily.

Aira lavigata ; a supposed new species of grass from Scotland; it'approaches A. cæspitosa, and may perhaps be a viviparous Alpine variety of that species, notwithstanding the differo ence in the rachis. Dr, Smith has made a curious observation from this plant, that in the viviparous forets, the change of the glumes into leaves, is evinced by the awn-remaining 2 the top of the leaf.

3

Charophylles

Charophyllum aureum ; discovered in Scotland by Mr. George Don. Few botanists, Dr. Smith remarks, are at all acquainted with this species, nor is the aureum of the species plantaruit the same as that in the Mantissa. The Scotch plant is the same as the former,

Rumex aquaticus. Toa large a plant to be well figured on so small a plate:

Spergula saginoides.; found by the late Mr. J. Mackay, on Ben Lawers in 1794, and previously by Mr. Don on Mal-ghyrdy. It has ten stamens, though Professor Swartz describes but five. Dr. Smith observes that this plant, whether it be the same with that of Swartz or not, is certainly the same as that of Linnæus.

MONTHLY AGRICULTURAL REPORT. THE state of the season has changed considerably since our last; the greatest part of the

month having been attended with frost, snow, and occasional thaws, which have, va the whole, been favourable to the young wheats, especially those of the more forward kind,

The work of ploughing up the leys and sculibles, have been greatly impeded through the month, by these causes; and but little of that necessary business has been able to be performed.

Turnips, cabbages, and other green cattle crops, though abundant on the ground, do not hold out well in being consumed, in many districos, in consequence of the injury which they have suffered by the previous continued wetness of the weacher; nor do the animals thrive so well as usual upon them.

The same is the case with potatoes, for though the crops were in general very productive, they have not by any means kept so well, as is common with this valuable root ; but more speedily run into decay and dissolution. The larger sorts are likewise found more huflow and bid within, than is generally the case.

The importations of grain from other countries, have fortunately kept down the advancing price of that essential article, so as to remain nearly as in our last. Wheat fetches from bos. to 86s. per quarter ; Barley, 42$. tu 466.; Oats, 925. to 38s. Store cattle and sheep stock have hitherto been carried on with little inconveţience to the farmer ; but the trying part of the season is yet to come. How the dry todder and green crops, which are to sope port them, may hold out, cannot yet be well foreseen.

Fattening stock has been tolerably forced on in mos: cases, but perhaps with a little more krouble than usual. Beef fetches from 48: 8d. to ós. 4d. per stone of 81b. ; Mutton, 45. 8d. to 6s. Os. ; Pork, 58. 4d. to 6s. 8d.

The state of the hay markets is much as in our last. Hay fetches from 51, 10s. to 61. 10. Per load; Clover, 61. 10s. to 71. 165. ; Straw, 21. 10$. to 31.

Tbe making and repairing of the fences, have not been capable of being much attended to this month, the workman having been chiefly confted to barn-labour, from the state of ikze weather.

METEOROLOGICAL REPORT. Obsernutions on the State of the Weather, from the 24th of December, 1809, to the 24th of Junuary, 1810, inclusive, Four Miles N.N.W. of St. Paul's. Barometer.

Thermometer. Highest, 30. Jan. 5 and 6. Wint S.W. Highest, 50o. Dec. 31. and Jan. 1. Wind W. Lowest, 29.22. Dec. 25. Wind N. W, Lowest, 15.. Jan. 17.

Wind W.

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ALTHOUGH we have had rain and snow on several days during the month, yet the quantity collected in the rain gauge, is too small to be noticed till our next report. The average temperature has not varied materially from that of che last month: it being for December 36?: 5, and for January 350.71 ; we leave, however, had some very severe weather, the. thermometer being once at 15°. or 17o. below the treezing pointivace at 16°. once at 19". and on ten other days, it was as low, or lower, tban the freezing point. Considering the small quantity of rain fallen, the mean beight of the barometer must be regarded as very low, being only 29.661. The fogs have not been frequent nor very thick; but some very dark days have been noticed, in which, at this place, it was almost impossitle to see to read or to wiie tilliate in the forenoon, The wind lias blown chietly from the westerly points, though on several of the latter days, it has come from the north-east. Highgate.

PRICES PRICES OF STOCKS from the 20th of DECEMBER, 1809. to the 231h of JASTARY, 1810, both inclusive.

Bank

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29.

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lilli

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1816

1300.
Dec. 26.

Homay.
27

ditto.
28.
ditto.
18146

2+ P

10 P. 2 P. 701 12 15 0
34.1 377
09:
83;
18 2

21 P.

10 P.

708 12 15 0
1810.
Jau. 1.

Holiday
691
837
181

24 P

10 P P. 70 102 15 9.274

3+1 68 25 P.

12 P. 2 P. 704 22 15 0 841 137

21 P

11 P.

703 122 15 0 81 1816

24 P

10 P.

70g 1 22 15 0 Holiday 8.

ond 68} 9 815 99%

26 P. 73%

11 P.

70 22 15 0
9.
69] | 601
85 99% 1876

71
28 P.

12 P. 3 P. 70%
0
out 6:28 815 1005

71
29 P.

13 P. 3 P. 701 212 15 0 11. 277 69 694 87% 100 182

14 P. 28 P.

3 P. 70 2月22150
12. 278
69 691

99%
683

1861
28 P.

14 P.13 P. 70 22 15 0 13.

69}

813 100

13 P. 185

2 22 15 0 15. 2784

81) 100 68% 22 P.

13 P.

70 22 15 0
693

994

770

1781 8 P

11. P.

704 ?9 15 0 17. 2771 | 695 992 | 182

4 P.

10 P.

093 707122 15 0, 18

Holdiy.

694 19.277 681

993 18

8 P.

11 P

691 222 15 0 20 277 60 68 85 994 | 1846

186 6 P.

11 P.

695 8.22 15 0
695
998 1876
187 7 P.

69 69 22 15 0
69
23
68% i 814

100 184 176 혜 188

10 P.
7 P.

69 691 22 15 0
901 | 187
24
004 1 074 68

73
187

10 P 7 P.

603

22 15 0
25

Subwav.
N. B. In the 3 per Cent. Consols the highest and lowest Prices are given; in the other Stocks, the highest ouly,

Ww. TURQUAND, Stock and Exchange Bruker No. 9, St. Michael's Allev, Cornhill.

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705

694 169

16.

1876

813

180

81%

22

811

11 P.

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