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International scientific activities conducted by the U.S. Geological Survey in fiscal year 1984, listed by country or
Scientific Cooperative Activities
----- Volcano and geothermal studies. Italy -----
----- Seismology and seismic risk assessment; geochemistry; volcanology;
marine geology. Japan ---
Joint panels on earthquake prediction, marine geology, marine
assessments. Mexico --
Volcano studies; geochemical and geophysical exploration; mineral
and metallogenic map analyses; regional structure and
stratigraphic studies; tectonostratigraphic terrane studies. Nepal -------
- Geologic and hydrologic training and resource assessments. Pacific region ---
- South Pacific cruise; hydrocarbon-resources studies; oceanic crusts
studies; chromite resources; Circum-Pacific mapping.
coal basin studies; petroleum geology of carbonate rocks; Circum-
hydrology. South Africa -
-- Strategic minerals inventory. South Korea --
- Offshore petroleum-resources and geothermal-resources
assessments. Southeast-East Asia ----------- Seafloor geologic mapping; petroleum geology research;
sedimentary basin analysis. Spain ------
------ Ground-water resources; remote sensing for mineral deposits;
earthquake research; marine geology of continental margins. Sweden
- Nuclear waste disposal. United Kingdom
- Marine geology; world coal resources. U.S.S.R -----
- Joint committee on earthquake prediction. Yugoslavia ---
Crustal structure research; seismology and earthquake hazards;
subsidence research; geochemical surveys; remote sensing;
engineering geology; geophysics. Worldwide --
----- International Strategic Mineral Inventory; World Energy
work Program, and the Earthquake
The Caribbean nations have onshore,
silver, and, to a lesser extent, platinum.
sophisticated geophysical and geochem- Venado area to the north and in the igal techniques are needed to assess the Zent area to the east. Survey personnel potential of the area.
advise and train RECOPE counterparts in
coal mapping and resource assessment Phosphate Symposium
methodologies, exploratory drilling and
downhole geophysical logging techThe Survey, East Carolina University,
niques, and coal sample collection, procand the International Geological Corre
essing, and analysis. Assessment of the
quality of Costa Rican coal will be lation Program (IGCP) Project 156 spon
accelerated with completion of a sored a workshop on the potential for
Survey-designed coal analytical discovery of useful phosphate deposits
laboratory in RECOPE under the in the Caribbean. The workshop was
leadership of a Costa Rican chemist who held at East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, in July 1984.
received training this year at a Survey
selected commercial laboratory in the Scientists from Colombia, the Dominican
United States. Development of coal Republic, Costa Rica, Honduras,
resources of the Caribbean region for Jamaica, Guatemala, Venezuela, and
utilization in the production of elecMexico met with U.S. specialists to
tricity will decrease the dependency on consider the regional and detailed
imported oil. As a source to replace geologic studies needed to assess the
fuelwood, coal utilization can alleviate rock phosphate potential that would
severe problems caused by deforestation provide an accessible local source of
in the region. agricultural fertilizer. The development of this resource will be a giant step towards mitigating the region's severe Colombia food production problems. As a result of the workshop, the country representa A geologic synthesis and mineral tives now are working to establish a
resource assessment of Colombia was Caribbean basin phosphate resources
completed in 1984 with cooperation of group to plan and coordinate phosphate scientists from the Survey and the assessment in the region. The U.S.
Instituto de Investigaciones GeologicoGeological Survey and the IGCP Project
Mineras in Colombia. This project was 156 will provide advice and assistance
designed to organize and review existing to this regional resource group.
geologic information to identify terranes in Colombia that have the greatest
potential for new mineral discoveries. Costa Rica
Mineral deposit models were developed
and adapted for deposits that occur in In July 1983, the Survey initiated a Colombia or in similar terranes elsetechnical assistance program in coal where, and guides for further mineral resources assessment and exploration resource studies and assessments were with Costa Rican counterparts in the presented. The cooperative review Gerencia de Exploración de Refinadora provides a solid base for the planning of Costarricense de Petroleo (RECOPE) under more detailed programs of exploration the auspices of the Agency for Inter in South and Central America and national Development. A RECOPE
Caribbean nations. Concurrent and geologist received on-the-job training in follow-up cooperative studies thus far coal exploratory and drillhole geophys undertaken include assistance in the ical logging techniques with Geological establishment of a microcomputer-based Survey counterparts in the Powder geochemical data base, workshops and River Basin of Wyoming during that assistance in the conduct of geochemical summer. In 1984, three of nine coal surveys and chemical analyses, planning bearing areas in Costa Rica were
of cooperative marine mineral research, targeted for study; in the Volio area in seminars for a national rock phosphate the southeast, RECOPE is drilling to deter- assessment program, and research for a mine the quantity of coal available; national geologic hazards reduction reconnaissance mapping and surface program. Results of the assessment have exploration are being done in the
been released as U.S. Geological Survey
Open-file Report 84–345 titled Mineral
The Geological Survey and the Corporacion Autónoma Regional del Cauca, a Colombian organization similar to the Tennessee Valley Authority, are cooperating in a project to simulate by mathematical model the streamflow of the Cauca River in northwestern Colombia. Colombian scientists will evaluate the applicability of a Surveydeveloped model to the Cauca River to guide the operation of a dam which will become functional in early 1985. Satellite data relay also will be used with the model to obtain realtime data on river stages and meteorologic conditions for realtime operation of the model.
Technical assistance and institutional development continued in 1984 in Peru where Survey scientists trained and guided geologists and geochemists of the Empresa Minera del Centro del Perú in geological and geochemical mapping and in sample processing and analyses at a Survey-designed laboratory. Investigations continued in the Puquio prospect and began in the Acos concession, which are in the Sur Medio region. Frequency distribution tables, single and multielement distribution maps, preliminary geologic maps, and accompanying reports are in preparation.
Areas (CCOP/SOPAC). The expedition took the ship from San Francisco to the Bering Sea and Hawaii, from there to international waters offshore of the nations of Kiribati, Samoa, New Zealand, Antarctica, Fiji, Tonga, Vanuatu, and Papua New Guinea, and returning to San Francisco via the Marshall Islands and Hawaii. Results of the Antarctica portion of the cruise are described in the article titled The Antarctic Leg of “Operation Deep Sweep” in the Geologic Investigations chapter.
The recently completed ANZUS-CCOP/ SOPAC investigation was successful in delineating structural and stratigraphic features that may be promising mineralor energy-resource targets. In the Tonga-Lau region, a shallow magma chamber was identified that could possibly be a source for polymetallic mineralization. In Vanuatu, the Torres-Santa Cruz basin was found to be quite extensive (over 7,000 square miles) and to contain sediment about 3 miles thick. The sedimentary basins associated with the Central Solomons Trough and offshore New Ireland basin in eastern Papua New Guinea were defined further and found to contain structures that could trap oil and gas.
The Geological Survey conducted a 6-month pilot study to analyze Tertiary sedimentary basins in the CircumBorneo offshore areas of Malaysian Sarawak and Sabah, Brunei, Indonesian Kalimantan, and the southwestern Philippines as a forerunner to a planned program in basin analysis of the East Asia Region (fig. 1). The study was undertaken as part of a proposed cooperative program for the evaluation of sedimentary basins for the International Union of Geological Sciences and was carried out in cooperation with the United Nations Coordinating Committee for Joint Prospecting of Mineral Resources in Asian Offshore Areas. The objective of the pilot study was to demonstrate methodologies and to assist the nations involved in an assessment of the petroleum resources of the region. The analysis was done within the extended framework of the Circum-Pacific Map Project in that data was supplied by the countries involved,
South Pacific-East Asia
The U.S. Geological Survey's Research Vessel Samuel P. Lee completed a 3-month, 4-leg resource appraisal cruise in the southwest Pacific in 1984 as part of “Operation Deep Sweep,” a pole-topole expedition designed to obtain data to further the knowledge of tectonic processes and resource potential of the Pacific Basin. The scientific expedition, the second in as many years, is a continuation of the Australia-New Zealand-United States (ANZUS) Tripartite Geoscientific Resource Investigation in the southwest Pacific under the direction of the Committee for Coordination of Joint Prospecting for Mineral Resources in South Pacific Offshore
Information Systems Division
BUDGET AND PERSONNEL
The Information Systems Division provides support and advice to the Director of the U.S. Geological Survey, the Department of the Interior, other government agencies, and the other Divisions of the Survey on all matters relating to Bureau information technology and automated data processing (ADP) services. It provides these services along with acquisition assistance for users of large general-purpose computers, smaller special purpose computers, and telecommunications. The Division provides for coordination and growth of information systems through systems analysis and design and conducts ADP research into better ways to use technology to solve mission-related problems. It is responsible for guidelines for data standards, data administration, and data base management.
The Information Systems Division had a budget of $20 million for fiscal year 1984. Other Survey Divisions and Department of the Interior and Federal agency users provided funding.
As a Department of the Interior General Purpose Computer Center, the Division computing facilities were available to other Interior offices and bureaus as well as to all Survey Divisions.
Division staffing consisted of 167 fulltime employees, primarily computer specialists, computer analysts, mathematicians, systems programmers, computer scientists, and technicians. The staff was augmented by part-time and intermittent employees and contract personnel who greatly assisted in fulfilling the mission of the Division. These employees served customers from the five ADP
At one of the demonstration booths set up in the center, a SuperBrain equipped with a Maxtex XCEL graphics board displays a design. The SuperBrain also has software to drive the Bausch & Lomb DMP-29 plotter.