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EDUCATION IN UPPER CANADA

118 459

FROM THE PASSING OF THE

CONSTITUTIONAL ACT OF 1791,

TO THE

CLOSE OF THE REVEREND DOCTOR RYERSON'S ADMINISTRATION

OF THE EDUCATION DEPARTMENT IN 1876.

VOL. X., 1851-1852.

FORMING AN APPENDIX TO THE ANNUAL REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF EDUCATION.

BY

J. GEORGE HODGINS, M.A., LL.D.,

OF OsgoodE HALL, BARRISTER-AT-LAW ; Ex-DEPUTY MINISTER

OF EDUCATION; LIBRARIAN AND HISTORIOGRAPHER TO THE EDUCATION DEPARTMENT OF ONTARIO.

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WARWICK BRO'S & RUTTER, PRINTERS,

TORONTO.

PREFATORY NOTE TO THE TENTH VOLUME. A glance at the “ Contents” of this Volume, as given further on, will show how numerous were the subjects relating to Education which occupied the attention of our Public Men of Fifty Years ago.

The Legislation of those comparatively early days in the History of Upper Canada embraced the whole range of subjects, relating to Education, which usually occupied the attention of the Legislature. It included not only the usual legislation in regard to Popular Education, (in the form of Elementary Public and Separate Schools), but also measures affecting the well-being of Grammar Schools and the University of Toronto.

This Tenth Volume also records the Proceedings of various Churches in dealing with matters connected with the Colleges maintained by them,- Victoria, Queen's, Trinity and Knox. This Volume also includes the more important of the Correspondence which took place, in regard to these Colleges,-notably the further Communications addressed by Bishop Strachan to the Provincial Government, with a view to the granting of a Royal Charter, by the Imperial Authorities, to Trinity College University.

The subject of Separate Schools in Upper Canada,-both Roman Catholic and Church of England, -created a good deal of discussion in 1851 and 1852. I have given, on pages 178-188 of the Volume, two of the more important Letters which were included in the voluminous Correspondence which took place between the Venerable Bishop de Charbonnel and the Chief Superintendent of Education. The Petition also of Doctor Strachan, urging upon the Legislature the equitable right, as he claimed it, of the Church of England, (with that of the Church of Rome), to Separate Schools for the education of the children belonging to these Churches respectively, is inserted in the same Separate School group of subjects in this Volume.

Preceedings of more than ordinary local interest took place in Toronto in 1852 in regard to two subjects, which engrossed a good deal of public attention at the time. The one related to Separate School Money Claims, and the other to the maintenance of Free Public Schools in the City

The Trustees of the Roman Catholic Separate Schools of Toronto in 1852, claimed an equal share, pro rata, with the Public Schools, of all moneys raised by assessment for general School purposes, by authority of the City Council. The Public School Board, through its Standing Committee, adopted an elaborate Report, refusing to acknowledge the claim of the Separate School Trustees, as not authorized by the Statute, under which the assessment was made. That Law had provided that Separate Schools should only receive a share of the Legislative School Grant made to the City, and the Assessment specially raised by it, as an equivalent to that Grant. These two sums, taken together. were, in the Act,

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