Ukrainians in Canada: The Formative Period, 1891-1924
Covering the initial phase of Ukrainian immigration, settlement and community-building in Canada, this history goes beyond existing accounts in three important respects. First, the Ukrainian experience in Canada is placed firmly within the context of Canadian history, as well as the history of immigrants and immigration. The social and economic forces that "pushed" Ukrainian peasants out of eastern Galicia and northern Bukovyna and "pulled" them to Canada are examined. The efforts of French-Canadian Roman Catholic primates in western Canada to subordinate the immigrants to their authority are analyzed. Attempts by Anglo-Protestant social reformers to "Canadianize" the immigrants through the medium of Protestant missions and the public school system are also discussed. The book's second major subject is the impact of the Ukrainian national movement, which penetrated the villages of eastern Galicia and northern Bukovyna during the last quarter of the nineteenth century and shaped the outlook of the men who assumed leadership within the Canadian immigrant community. In particular, it demonstrates how the national movement's radical, secular and populist precepts fueled anticlericalism, sustained opposition to machine politics and heavy-handed methods of "Canadianization," and promoted self-reliance and resistance to economic exploitation. Ukrainian Canadian attitudes to the First World War, the Russian Revolution and the struggle for independence are also considered. Martynowych's account also delves into the everyday lives of ordinary Ukrainian immigrants in rural bloc settlements, urban colonies, frontier construction camps and one-industry towns from coast to coast. An attempt has been made to survey material conditions of life, to examine occupational structures and entrepreneurial activity, and to consider social differentiation and the emergence of class divisions. The formation, proliferation and activities of local institutions such as parishes, reading clubs, drama groups, co-operatives, national homes, socialist circles and labour temples are also analyzed, as are the efforts of Ukrainian nationalists and socialists to transmit their ideologies and mobilize popular support through such institutions.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Galicia and Bukovyna on the Eve of Emigration
Canada at the Turn of the Century
Immigration and Settlement
Conflicting Visions of Canada and the Immigrants
The Catholic Clergy
The War Forces the School Issue
The War Intensifies Ukrainian Catholic Religious Turmoil
The Great War 19171919
Ukrainian Immigrants and Ukraine
A Divided Community
Other editions - View all
activity Alberta American appeared Association August bilingual bishop branches British Budka Bukovyna camps Canada Canadian Catholic church cent central century cities clergy clubs Conservative cultural December districts eastern Edmonton efforts election enemy English especially established families Farm farmers February five foreign Free frontier Galicia German Greek hand History homes hundred immigrants Independent industrial institutions interned Ivan January Jewish July June Kanadyiskyi labour land language leaders Liberal living majority Manitoba March meetings missionaries movement narod nationalists North November October organized Orthodox church parishes party peasants Polish political prairie Presbyterian Press priests Protestant provincial radical railway reading result rural Russian Ruthenian Saskatchewan secular September settlements settlers Social Democratic socialist society Studies Svoboda teachers thousand Toronto turn Ukraine Ukrainian Catholic Ukrainian national Ukrainskyi holos United University urban western Winnipeg workers World young