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ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

The preparation of this book has proceeded, perforce, without the great help that would have been found in David Wilmot's private papers. These all disappeared, either during Mrs. Wilmot's later years, or in the confused chain of administration that followed her death; and efforts made through living representatives of her family have yielded nothing. The search has therefore led through the correspondence of other men of Wilmot's time, more happily preserved in institutional or private keeping, and through the contemporary press, public documents and records, and the wide field of related biography and history.

Grateful acknowledgment is made to all who have contributed to the result here assembled to the Librarian and the officials of the Library of Congress, for generous facilities in both reading room and manuscripts divisions; to William Tyler Page, Clerk of the House of Representatives, for the recovery of the original of the Wilmot Proviso; to the Clerk of the United States Court of Claims; to the press of the “Wilmot District,” especially the Towanda Review, the Wellsboro Agitator, the Susquehanna Evening Transcript, and the Wayne County Independent, for the service of their columns and their files; to the offices of the State auditor and the State librarian, Harrisburg, and to the commissioners, treasurers and prothonotaries of Bradford, Susquehanna, Tioga, Wayne and Potter Counties and the Clerk of the Common Pleas Court of Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, for special access to, and assistance in, the use of their records; and to the Historical Societies of Montrose, Athens, and Towanda, Pennsylvania, and the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, for like courtesies.

The publishers and the author further acknowledge the permission for the use of copyrighted material quoted in these pages, courteously granted by Messrs. Callaghan and Company, Chicago; The Century Company, New York; the Chicago Historical Association; Dodd Mead and Company, New York; Mrs. C. E. Hamlin, New York City; Houghton, Mifflin Company, Boston; J. B. Lippincott and Company, Philadelphia; Lothrop, Lee and Shepard Company, Boston; A. C. McClurg and Company, Chicago; The Macmillan Company, New York; the Oregon Historical Society, Portland, Oregon; Miss Helen Nicolay, Washington, D. C.; the North American, Philadelphia; and G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York.

Personal thanks for the contribution of reminiscences or other data, and for opportunities to examine and copy letters and papers, are expressed to Hon. A. C. Fanning, Rev. Dr. Allen, Messrs. Rodney A. Mercur, William M. Spalding, and the late C. F. Heverly, and Mesdames Louis V. Piollet, Joseph Powell and Jennie Tracy Hale, of Towanda; Hon. David Cameron and Mesdames Hugh Young and Robert K. Young, of Wellsboro; Mrs. George B. Dusinberre, of Elmira; Messrs. Chester A. Garratt and Homer Greene, of Honesdale; Mr. Mortimer Lavo and Mrs. Augusta Sutton, of Bethany; Mrs. Elizabeth S. Cope, of Woodbourne; the librarian of the Public Library, Mansfield, Ohio; Dr. George W. Morris, of Philadelphia; Dr. Kerr D. Macmillan, of Aurora, N. Y.; Hon. George R. Bedford and Hon. J. B. Woodward, of Wilkesbarre; Mr. George E. Beers, of New Haven; Mr. U. G. Baker, of Susquehanna; Mrs. O. H. Kuehn, of Gitson, Mont.; and Miss Ida M. Tarbell.

C. B. G. CONTENTS

PAGT
vii

ix

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APPRENTICESHIP IN LAW AND Politics .

Admission to Practice and Removal to Towanda.
Début as an Editor. First Political Speeches. De-
votion to Martin Van Buren. Activities in Church
Affairs. Wilmot as a Mason. Takes the Leader-
ship of his County. In the Public Eye.

THE RACE FOR CONGRESS

Triumph over Bitter Opposition. First Clash with
Buchanan. Hints of Advancement to the Senate.

47

.

V. THE MAIDEN SPEECH: THE OREGON QUES-

TION

A Short Summary of the Issue. Wilmot's Appear-
ance as Described by Contemporaries. The Setting
and the Speech.

VI. THE RIVER AND HARBOR BILL AND TPE

TARIFF OF 1846

Wilmot's Attitude on Internal Improvements. His
Denunciation of Log-Rolling. Remarks in Support
of the President's Veto. The Only Pennsylvania
Member Voting for a Low Tariff. His Argument
in Justification.

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