Herbals: Their Origin and Evolution

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Cambridge University Press, Dec 11, 1986 - Science - 358 pages
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Herbals deal primarily with medicinal and culinary herbs, their real and supposed properties and virtues, and in origin they go back at least to the Ancient Greeks. During the 16th and 17th centuries they developed into attractively illustrated printed books, the forerunners of modern botanical and pharmaceutical textbooks. Agnes Arber's Herbals (first published in 1912, much revised in 1938) stands as the major survey of the period 1470 to 1670 when botany evolved into a scientific discipline separate from herbalism, a development reflected in contemporary herbals. Every work on herbals since 1912 has been indebted to Arber's classic. The present volume in the Cambridge Science Classics series, while retaining her main text unaltered, supplements this with two of her later writings on herbals, provides a biographical introduction, greatly extends the bibliography and has annotations modifying the original text through later enquiry. This added material will make this re-issue invaluable to librarians, historians of science, book-lovers and all with an interest in the early development of botany, pharmacy and book production, even if they already possess the long-unobtainable 1938 edition.
 

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Contents

THE EARLY HISTORY OF BOTANY
xxxiii
2 ARISTOTELIAN BOTANY
xxxiv
3 MEDICINAL BOTANY
xl
THE EARLIEST PRINTED HERBALS FIFTEENTH CENTURY
7
2 THE HERBARIUM OF APULEIUS PLATONICUS
8
3 THE LATIN HERBARIUS
20
4 THE GERMAN HERBARIUS AND RELATED WORKS
22
5 THE HORTUS ORTUS SANITATIS
28
7 THE HERBAL IN ENGLAND
119
8 THE ORIGIN OF HERBARIA
138
9 THE REVIVAL OF ARISTOTELIAN BOTANY
143
THE EVOLUTION OF THE ART OF PLANT DESCRIPTION
146
THE EVOLUTION OF PLANT CLASSIFICATION
163
THE EVOLUTION OF THE ART OF BOTANICAL ILLUSTRATION
185
THE DOCTRINE OF SIGNATURES AND ASTROLOGICAL BOTANY
247
CONCLUSIONS
264

THE EARLY HISTORY OF THE HERBAL IN ENGLAND
38
2 BANCKES HERBALL
41
3 THE GRETE HERBALL
44
THE BOTANICAL RENAISSANCE OF THE SIXTEENTH AND SEVENTEENTH CENTURIES
52
2 THE HERBAL IN THE LOW COUNTRIES
79
3 THE HERBAL IN ITALY
92
4 THE HERBAL IN SPAIN AND PORTUGAL
104
5 THE HERBAL IN SWITZERLAND
110
6 THE HERBAL IN FRANCE
116
A CHRONOLOGICAL LIST OF THE PRINCIPAL HERBALS AND RELATED BOTANICAL WORKS PUBLISHED BETWEEN 1470 AND 1670
271
AN ALPHABETICAL LIST OF THE HISTORICAL AND CRITICAL WORKS CONSULTED DURING THE PREPARATION OF THIS BOOK 1938...
286
SUBJECT INDEX TO APPENDIX II
303
ANNOTATIONS
308
APPENDIX 5
315
FROM MEDIEVAL HERBALISM TO THE BIRTH OF MODERN BOTANY
319
INDEX
339
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