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that June is not warm and dry, our careful to preclude the bees from gainhoney harvest will end the last of June, |

ing access to them. As we should use until September and October. I lost

them in the spring, and as we then need one queen in the winter, but the colony survived until spring ; I then gave them

to keep the quilt or honey-board close some bees and a queen, and they are above the bees, and as the ants cluster doing very well, considering the weather.

above the brood-chamber, it is not diffiI had another colony that the queen

cult to practice poisoning. came out; she could not fly, and acted as if she was crippled. I put her back One year I tried Paris green with on the comb, and in a few months she success. There are several reports of was out again. I examined the comb,

ants entering the hives and killing the and found young larvæ, but no eggs.

bees ; even the queen is said to have The queen was two years old this summer, so I killed her, and gave the colony

been thus destroyed. In such cases, if two frames of brood and eggs. Now they occur, it is best to put a sweet they have as fine a young queen as ever

poisonous mixture in a box and permit I saw. What was the cause of the queen leaving the hive? Was it for the

the ants to enter through an opening want of something? Will Mr. Doolittle

too small to admit bees, and thus poison

A. C. BABB. the ants. Or we may find the ant's nest, Greenville, Tenn., May 30, 1892.

and with a crowbar, make a hole in it,

turn in this an ounce of bisulphide of Bees Wintered Well.

carbon, and quickly plug it up by pack

ing clay in the hole and on the nest. The The bees in this locality have winwell, with only a very small per cent. of

liquid will kill the ants. This better be loss. The weather has been unfavor

done when the ants are mostly in their able on account of the rains during the nest.” month of May. The locust trees are now in full bloom, and are humming with the busy bee from early morn until

Hard Time for the Bees. late at night. The white clover is just

The past two months have been a beginning to bloom, which is the main

hard time for bees in this locality, it supply of the honey crop in this section.

being cold and wet nearly all the time. There is no pleasant weather to spare

I have 110 of the 114 colonies which I now. Every one should be ready for

packed last fall, but they are not in very the honey crop, having the hives full of

good condition to gather a large crop of bees, and the sections ready for the sur

clover honey.

A. W. SMITH. plus, all in "apple-pie order,” so as not Parksville, N. Y., June 3, 1892. to lose one moment of time, as “time and tide wait for no man."

W. S. STEVENS. Mechanicstown, O., June 6, 1892.

Chaff Hives for Wintering Bees.

I am an old bee-keeper. I have now

only 13 colonies of bees, having lost Ants in the Hives.

quite a number in winter, but mostly I have several colonies of bees that

this spring, though I have been tolerably have a good many little red ants in

successful in the wintering of bees. Of

late years I have wintered them in a them. How can I get them out, and keep them out? Please answer in the

stone milk-house, partly under ground, BEE JOURNAL.

and having double doors. I placed the

B. CHENEY. Brandon, Wis.

hives in this repository, raised a little

above the bottom-board, and took off the [In Prof. Cook's “Manual of the

top of the hives clear to the frames, Apiary,” we find the following direc

then I put on about two feet of straw.

Last winter I wintered two colonies in tions for getting rid of ants :-Eds.)

chaff hives out-doors, and I am so well “You can very readily brush them pleased with that plan that I shall conaway, or destroy them by use of any of tinue to winter all my bees out-doors in the fly poisons which are kept in the

chaffhives. I have investigated this

subject somewhat, and know of others markets. As these poisons are made who are having the best results by winattractive by adding sweets, we must be l tering bees in chaff hives. The 2 colo

nies thus wintered are far ahead of those wintered in the cellar. The combs came out in the spring dry and free from mildew, and the bees were active and healthy, with no great lot of dead bees, as is usually the case when wintered in the cellar. Last winter was a mild one, and it may be thought that that had something to do with the wintering of my bees; but I know a man in Chickasaw county, Iowa, who has wintered bees in chaffhives for years, and has always been very successful in thus wintering them. My chaffhives are made of common ship-lap lumber, covered with flooring ; they take the Langstroth frame, and are high enough to enclose a super.

LAFAYETTE NORRIS. Aurora, Iowa, June 2, 1892.

past two years, and which was fully described by Robert Carver, on page 403 of the BEE JOURNAL for 1890. He there says that he had 20 in use in his apiary at that time. If I were going to make them, I would be glad to do it for $2.00 a piece About the way they are made, and the cost, are as follows: Get some wire-cloth 36 inches wide, cut it diagonally, and you have the two side pieces. Then get another piece 28 inches wide, cut it in two in the middle, and you have two tops. We get the cloth here in the country town at 15 cents a yard. The cost of netting for each catcher would be about 25 cents; lumber not over 20 or 25 cents, leaving $1.50 for a few nails, paint, and about 24 hours' work by hand.

HENRY DURHAM. Sylvania, Ind., June 6, 1892.

The Use of Bee-Escapes.

In this day and age when there are so many persons that are trying to get up something new in the line of bee-supplies, we very often are beaten by paying money for some useless thing, that someone patented; but we must be very careful and not buy before we investigate. I believe that a person who uses his brains, and gets up a really good article, ought to have the benefit of it. There has been considerable in the beepapers of late about bee-escapes, and our attention has often been called to them. I used three different kinds of bee-escapes last season, and found that two of them did the work satisfactorily, viz: the Hastings and the Porter. The Hastings bee-escape will clean a case of sections in from 2 to 4 hours, leaving the case so quietly and quickly that it is nothing but fun to clean an apiary of its surplus comb honey. No beekeeper ought to be without a good beeescape, and I think after using it once, he will continue to do so.

W. E. CLARK. Oriskany, N. Y.

Prospect of an Immense Crop.

It has been very backward and wet here this spring, having rained almost every day for a good while. We have had now two days without rain, and the bees are making good use of the good weather. I have not been around over the country very much, but where I have been there is a prospect of an immense crop of white clover. It is now beginning to bloom, also raspberries and blackberries, and I think that the bees will get along all right now. I started in the winter with 10 colonies of bees, and got through with 7. One colony came out on May 29, and went into another hive. They had no honey, and but very little brood.

H. T. LATHROP. Willard, Iowa, June 6, 1892.

Making Swarm-Catchers.

In years past the sentiment generally expressed was unduly opposed to patent rights among apiarists, but within the past year I have noticed patents have been granted on hives and other fixtures which have been in general use for years. I notice in a recent number of the AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL a patent has been granted on a s.warm-catcher which I have had in use in my a piary for the

Stealing Eggs to Rear Queens.

Mr. Geo. E. Fellows mentions this subject on page 741. I have also seen the subject discussed before. The probability is that Mr. F. had some queens in his yard that were prolific layers, to that extent that several eggs were laid in some cells. Of course, all but one would be removed by the bees, and it might be possible that some over-nice house-keeper (or rather hive-keeper) when carrying them from the hive, dropped some at the entrance of the hive containing the queenless colony. This being the case, it would be nothing strange that they should be taken to rear a queen, no more than they should be taken from a cell in the ordinary way.

Several years ago I wrote an article on try were cultivating, or, at least utilizthis subject, which never appeared in ing the seed of this plant for food, and print. Probably the editor, to whom I its flowers as sacred emblems in their sent my article, supposed my theory was religious rites. foolish. Possibly at some time in the The early inhabitants of America who future it may be accepted as facts. worshiped the sun, used the sunflower in Lockwood, N. Y. J. H. ANDRE. their religious ceremonies on account of

its resemblance to the great source of

light and heat. Historians who have Space Under Brood-Frames.

investigated the subject inform us that

the virgins who officiated in the Temples It is a cold, backward spring, and

of the Sun in Peru, were crowned with colonies are weak in bees. I have 13

sunflowers made of pure gold, and also colonies, and have lost none yet. What

carried them in their hands, besides is the best size of space under brood

wearing them on their breasts. frames for both summer and winter,

Historically it is the oldest plant of with fixed bottom-boards, and wintered

which we have any record, and this on the summer stands in chaff hives ?

record extends back in America to a I notice that some bee-keepers recom

very early period, of which we know mend a space up to % of an inch. Mine

nothing except what we can learn from are inch, with an entrance %2 to % the imperishable relics of their handiinch, and 12 inches long.

work scattered broadcast over the entire GEO. A. COBB.

Western Hemisphere.—ANDREW S. FULWindham, N. Y., June 4, 1892,

LER, in N. Y. Tribune. [It is not of much importance unless a space of more than % of an inch is

Dwindling of Colonies. given, and we prefer that size rather

Spring dwindling is one of the dangers than anything smaller.-Eds.

that beset bee-keeping, and imperil colonies. Dwindling occurs to some extent during spring, summer, fall, and winter. Dwindling occurs by reason of certain different causes, the most common one the failure of colonies to rear brood to

the extent required to maintain an equal Sunflowers-History and Value.

populous condition of the colony by

reasons (often) of queens failing to supIt has been suggested that while we ply sufficient eggs in due season, and are sending Indian corn to Russia, and perhaps workers sometimes mismanage trying to teach the poor peasants of that breeding affairs ; besides, the contingencountry how to eat it, we should learn cies of unfavorable weather, chilly temsomething from them in regard to the perature, and undue careless exposure great value and usefulness of the sun while the weather is fickle in changes flower. It is said that in the Czar's of temperature. Colonies in a normal dominions 750,000 acres are devoted to condition will reproduce more than the cultivation of the sunflower, and equal to ordinary losses of old or imago that every part of the plant is utilized. bees, providing, however, brood-rearing

From the seed an oil is expressed that goes along, as it naturally should. is used in cooking, for salads and various Unless colonies are blessed with firstdomestic purposes, as olive oil is in class queens, spring dwindling will be other countries. The oil-cake is valua mooted and whooped up in all the beeble for feeding cattle, and the dry stalks periodicals. Success in bee-keeping make an excellent fuel. The seeds of very largely depends on the prolificness the larger varieties are used to an enor of queens used. No such bee-hive as a mous extent by the people, very much as “non-swarmer" ever was or can be conpeanuts are eaten with us, but without trived, but non-swarming queens are being roasted. They are certainly ex very common; yes, they have been cellent in favor, as well as rich and advertised by certain breeders. It is a nutritious.

law of nature that all colonies of bees But the strangest part of this story that remain in a primevous or prime of the sunflower is that probably many condition will multiply individually, and centuries, if not thousands of years be- | multiply in colonies by swarming. The fore Columbus sailed in his voyage of mandate is, “multiply and replenish.” discovery, the inhabitants of this coun- |-C. J. ROBINSON, in American Farmer.

Wavelets of News.

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An Apiary Register is a splendid book to have in an apiary, so as to know all about any colony of bees at a moment's notice. It devotes two pages to each colony. We will send one large enough for 50 colonies, for $1.00, postpaid ; for 100 colonies, for $1.25; or for 200 colonies, for $1.50. After using it for one season, you would not do without it.

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Special Notices.

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The Date on the wrapper-label of this paper indicates the end of the month to which you have paid for the JOURNAL. If that is past, please send us one dollar to pay for another year.

A Binder for preserving the copies of the AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL as it arrives from week to week, is very convenient. You should have one, as it is so handy for reference from time to time. We mail it for only 50 cents, or will give it as a premium for two new subscribers, with $2.00.

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