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The Introduction of bumble programme are ever needed.” And that bees into New Zealand a few years ago, is the key to the situation. to secure the fertilization of the red

If the President is thoroughly capable clover, and the remarkable success of

of being the programme himself—if he this venture are matters of record. : is “full and running over ” with subject

Mr. George M. Thomson, in the New matter—if he is so well acquainted with Zealand Journal of Science, presents an the members as to grasp instantly their interesting article on the introduced individual opinions and views, so as to bumble-bees in New Zealand, giving also call out a full discussion, by continually a list of the plants and flowers which are suggesting that Mr. So-and-so “ holds a visited by these bees.

different view and we would like to hear He makes the interesting statement

from him on the subject,” or words to tbat, with a few exceptions, he has never that effect—then neither programme or heard of these bees visiting the flowers essay has any place in such a meeting. of indigenous plants, but states that they President Miller is so much at home have become so extraordinarily abun as chairman of a bee-keepers' assembly, dant that the question has even arisen that he knows how long to carry on a in his mind as to whether they would discussion-in what channel to direct it, not become as serious a pest to the when to stop, so as not to weary the apiarist, as the rabbits have proved to members, and has a happy manner of be to the farmer and cultivator, on saying so-that he is a whole convention account of their absorbing so much of in himself, including essays and prothe nectar of the flowers.

gramme. He also points out the remarkable The Doctor's extreme modesty led him fact in connection with the life of the into this “ exposure," and he must not bumble-bee in New Zealand, that in now complain. So far as the item in many parts of the colony it is to be seen Gleanings was concerned, it did not daily on flowers all the year round.

represent us correctly without the last sentence--and so it was necessary for us

to correct it. Essays at conventions are sometimes Dr. J. W. Vance wisely remarks thus quite unnecessary, as they were at the in the Wisconsin Farmer, on this subject: late convention at Chicago. · At some

The AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL says conventions, we know that they are not

there were no essays read at the recent only desirable, but very necessary. Dr. meeting of the Northwestern Bee-KeepMiller, in the last Gleanings, in his ers' Association, and yet there was no usual happy vein, writes thus on this

lack of subject-matter for discussion,

nor want of enthusiasm. The convensubject :

tion was an eminent success. The When Newman, of the AMERICAN BEE editor adds : “ With such a President JOURNAL, changes his mind, he makes as Dr. Miller, no essays or programme no bones of saying so. Formerly he are needed.” argued that essays at a convention were I am inclined to think too many or too essential. Now he says, in the most un lengthy essays are not good for our reserved manner : “ The Norlhwestern annual meetings. Generally we have was a convention without essays, and it had good essays, but the greatest interest was a charming success. There was no of the meeting has centered upon the want of subject-matter to discuss, and discussions, which often had to be cut no lack of enthusiasm.”

short when at the most interesting point. It was only the Doctor's extreme Essays should only lead far enough to modesty which prevented him from suggest points for discussion, and in quoting the whole item. The rest of it, that way they are very good. But if on page 709, reads thus: “With such they overpower and crowd out discusa President as Dr. Miller, no essays or ' sion, they are worse than useless.

Importing Bees is a very pre- | carious business. Walter S. Pouder sent by mail a queen to Australia, and the result is detailed in the following interesting reply:

I received your letter on Oct. 16, and the accompanying queen-cage, but I regret to have to state that everything was dead, and had apparently been so for some time.

By the same mail I had two others sent me-one from Mr. Doolittle and one from Mr. Michael, of Ohio. Mr. Doolittle's queen was the sole survivor, the attendants having perished en route; while Mr. Michael managed to get through four workers, with a dead queen-38 days would therefore appear to be about the limit of time the bees can stand the confinement. However, it is evident that queens can be sent here from America.

Three of my neighbors have sent orders, and they have each been successful, and I have not heard of any failure except in my own case.

I have had 12 cages altogether sent me, but only 3 live queens-in 2 other cages there were live workers. But even this is better than my first shipment of queens from Italy, where in the 8 boxes sent me, I got nothing but a magnificent collection of fine large, beautifully developed moths.

I have had improved success since, and last month I had 7 out of 8 come through all right. (It seems that our Italian friends had provisioned their cages with comb-honey, and this comb proved to be a breeding pen for the moth.)

ANEAS WALKER. Redland Bay, Australia, Oct. 30, 1891.

official organ ?” election of officers ; question drawer, etc.

7 p.m.-Essay by R. H. Myers, on “Rendering Old Comb;" address by J. B. Hall, on “Comb or Extracted-Honey -Which ?”

Jan. 7, 9 a.m.-Other essays and unfinished discussions.

Arrangements have been made with the Canadian Pacific and Grand Trunk railroads for reduced rates, as follows :

Persons going to London will ask the railway agent at starting point for a certificate, which he will fill in, certifying that they have purchased a firstclass single ticket to London. If there are 50 persons attending the convention, and holding these certificates, the return ticket will be given at one-third single first-class fare; but if there are less than 50 persons holding certificates, the return fare will be two-thirds single fare.

All persons traveling by rail should be sure to get these certificates filled out. It takes the agents a few minutes to fill them in, and they should be asked for 15 minutes before train time. If you require to travel over more than one railway you will require a certificate for each road.

Arrangements have been made with the Grigg House and the City Hotel for the accommodation of persons attending the convention--the former at $1.50 per day, and the latter at 80 cents to $1.00.

Our Thanks are due to the Nebraska Bee-Keeper for kind notice. We appreciate the fraternal feeling which prompted the kind words.

The Programme of the annual Michigan bee-keepers are now in meeting of the Ontario Bee-Keepers’ | session at Grand Rapids. We hope that Association, to be held at London, Ont., | it will be a pleasant gathering. on Jan. 5, 6 and 7, 1892, is as follows:

Jan. 5, 2 p.m.-Reading of minutes ; The Nebraska State Bee-KeepSecretary's report; Treasurer's report; ers' Association, at its late meeting, by other official reports; President's ad

vote, made the Nebraska Bee-Keeper its dress. 7 p.m.-Report from Mr. Corneil, dele

official organ. Now let every bee-keeper gate to North American Bee-Keepers’ in that State help to make it a success. Association ; essay by D. Chalmers on We will furnish it and the AMERICAN “ Hives and Wintering;” essay by R. H.

BEE JOURNAL one year for $1.35.
Smith, of Bracebridge, on “ Apiarian
Exhibits."
Jan. 6, 9 a.m.-Affiliated society's

Dr. Miller was also prevented from report; foul-brood-Inspector's report ; 2 p.m.-Essay by F. A. Gemmell on,

attending the Convention at Albany, by "Shall we have a new bee journal or another attack of La Grippe,

Queries and Replies.

Convention Notices.

Best Floor for a Bee-Cellar.

Per The annual meeting of the Colorado State Bee-Keepers’ Association will be held in Denver, Jan. 18 and 19, 1892.

H. KNIGHT, Sec., Littleton, Colo.

QUERY 799.-My cellar is damp on

Be The Indiana State Bee-Keepers’ Asso

ciation will convene in the agricultural room the bottom, what kind of a floor is best of the State House, at Indianapolis, Jan. 8,

1892, at 1 p.m. All bee-keepers are invited in such a case ?-Iowa.

to attend.

GEO. C. THOMPSON, Sec., Southport, Ind. 1 Cement.-J. M. HAMBAUGH. I do not know.-J. E. POND.

me The annual meeting of the Ontario Bee

Keepers' Association will be held in the City Cement.-EUGENE SECOR.

Hall, London, Ont., Jan. 5, 6 and 7, 1892. Å Cement.-MRS. L. HARRISON.

good programme is being prepared. The usual

reduced rates have been secured with the I would place plenty of lime on the Grand Trunk and Canadian Pacific railways. bottom.-J. P. H. Brown.

Also special hotel rates at the Grigg House at

$1.50 per day, and at the City Hotel from 80 Water-proof cement, extending up the cents to $1.00 per day. All persons interested walls as far as the dampness extends.

in bee-keeping are cordially invited to attend.

W. COUSE, Sec., Streetsville, Ont. M. MAHIN. A good gravel-cement is as good as

A special session of the California Ree any.-G. L. TINKER.

Keepers' Association, in honor of the visit of

Prof. A. J. Cook and A. J. Root, will be held in I think the natural earth floor is the Los Angeles, Calif., at the Chamber of Combest.-R. L. TAYLOR.

merce, Jan. 6 and 7, 1892. The California

permanent exhibit in an adjoining room, will I should have the natural earth. I

no doubt be of interest to all.. see no use of any special floor.-A. J.

C. W. ABBOTT, Prest. COOK.

G. W. BRODBECK, Sec. I have never tried anything better

o The Minnesota Bee-Keepers' Associathan brick and cement.-G.W.DEMAREE.

tion will meet in Owatonna, Minn., on Jan.

20 and 21, 1892. Free entertainment will be Possibly cement-possibly earth. Find

provided for those attending by the citizens out first whether bees Winter well just of Owatonna, and it is expected that the as it is.-C. C. MILLER.

railroads will carry those attending, at

reduced rates. The State Horticultural SoGood dry sand. A box of lime is an ciety hold their annual meeting at the same excellent thing in a bee-cellar-use

time.

WM. DANFORTH, Sec., Red Wing, Minn. about one bushel.--H. D. CUTTING. Put the hives on something' one foot

- The Ohio State Bee-Keepers' Associafrom the cellar bottom, and the damp

tion will hold its next annual meeting at the

West-End Turner Hall, on Freeman Avenue, ness will do no harm.-G. M. DOOLITTLE.

Cincinnati, O., from Feb. 10 to 12 inclusive,

1892, beginning at 10 a.m. Wednesday, Feb. Nothing is better than a well-cemented

10. All local associations should endeavor to floor. Mix the mortar one-half sand meet with us or send their delegates. Those and one-half cement.-C. H. DIBBERN.

intending to be present, will please send their

names to the Secretary, at their earliest If you have no floor of any kind-not

convenience. The President will endeavor to

get reduced railroad rates, and also reduced even stone or cement, lay down boards,

rates at hotels. The programme will soon be and on top put 4 inches of dry sawdust. issued, and all particulars published.' If cement, then the sawdust on that.

C. F. MUTH, Pres., Cincinnati, O.

S. R. MORRIS, Sec., Bloomingburg, O. -JAMES HEDDON.

A good, thick cement floor is good in all kinds of cellars. I have used it in Winter Problem in bee-keeping; both wet and dry.-A. B. MASON.

by G. R. Pierce, of Iowa, who has had Dampness is not particularly objec-| 25 years' experience in bee-keeping, and tionable to the bees. If the bees have

for the past 5 years has devoted all his not wintered well in the cellar as it is, then use cement or dry sawdust, or both.

time and energies to the pursuit. Price, -THE EDITOR.

50 cents. For sale at this office.

Get a Binder, and always have your BEE JOURNALS ready for reference. We will mail you one for 50 cents.

to The sewing machine I got of you still gives excellent satisfaction--W. J PATTERSON, Sullivan, Ills.

Topics of Interest.

Eastern Iowa Convention.

FRANK COVERDALE.

H. Stewart-During the past Summer I have visited over 100 bee-keepers, and where these deeper, frames were used, the a piarist was not as successful in the production of comb-honey.

Prevention of Swarming. Mr. Hines, of Anamosa, had on exhibit a hive which he invented for the purpose. A twin bee hive. He manipulated the hive and frames, so as to keep down the swarming fever.

F. Coverdale-I let the bees swarm during the past Summer, and moved the old hive to one side, and about 14 inches forward. I bored a one-inch hole in the center of the old hive, and about 12 inch from the bottom-board. I placed a cone in the auger hole, then fastened up the entrance, and put the swarm on the old stand. All were elevated nearly as fast as the young bees became old enough to fly. When nearly all were hatched, part of the entrance was removed, the cone taken out, and the hole fastened up.

EVENING SESSION. The evening session was very enjoyable. As those who were on the programme for the evening were not there, the time was occupied by discussions.

MORNING SESSION-DEC. 3. There was a heavy rain during the whole day, but the attendance was

The bee-keepers of Eastern Iowa convened at De Witt, on Dec. 2, with VicePresident H, S. Bowman in the chair. . After roll call and routine business the convention adjourned until 1 p.m., when the regular programme was begun, the first subject for discussion being “ Bees and the Farm."

H. S. Bowman said I consider it profitable to keep bees in connection with farming.

W. S. Rice-I think that bee-keeping alone is the most profitable, for the busy time for the farm and the bees come at the same time.

Frank Coverdale-For the past two years it would be rather a light income, if one bee-yard should be depended upon to meet all expenses.

H. S. Bowman-I would not tolerate a pursuit that was not able to stand alone.

F. Coverdale-While I consider beekeeping as an important branch of agriculture, it has, when in the hands of the specialist, been abundantly able to stand alone.

Spring Dwindling. L. J. Pierce-Keeping them in the cellar until late in the Spring will help very much.

D. Benton-My bees that are wintered out-doors, in chaff hives, do not dwindle. I prefer cellar wintering, and would leave them in until late in the Spring.

H. S. Bowman-The life of the worker bee, when kept confined, is about six months, and much of the Spring dwindling is caused by the natural decadence of the colony.

H. Stewart-Bees should not be allowed a flight, when wintered in the cellar, until settled warm weather comes.

Brood-Frames. H. Stewart was of the opinion that quite shallow frames were as good as any for brood-rearing-even Mr. Heddon's divisible hive.

H. S. Bowman-When Father Langstroth invented the movable-frame hive, he hit the happy medium, for with all attempts to improve it, no one has been successful. Wm. Kimble-I want a frame 2 inches

good.

Question Box. Will it pay to melt upcombs, or should they be saved for hiving swarms ?

T. Hines—When such combs were used for swarms, they did not do as well as where nothing but starters were given them.

Mr. Bowman-I would use the surplus combs in new hives, and in building up worker-comb in old hives.

Mr. Kuebler-I agree with Mr. Bowman in a general way.

Mr. Bowman-I like 2 or 3 empty combs to hive swarms on.

A Member—Whenever the bees get their work ahead of the queen, look out for drone-comb. These 2 or 3 empty combs will do it.

D. Benton-Whenever my bees are hived on a full set of combs, or full sheets of foundation, much of the honey will be stored in the brood-chamber, crowding out the brood, making the colonies weaker to gather the Fall crop.

Mr. Hines offered several strong arguments to prove that bees cannot control

the secretion of wax, though it was | opposed by many.

deeper.

Is Careful Breeding Necessary ? as I am somewhat bulky, and antici· H. S. Bowman-Careful breeding is

pated him by leaving. We soon suc

ceeded in finding a seat together, and necessary in order to secure the best

the time flew faster than we passed the results. Mr. Kuebler—I want well-bred Ital

telegraph poles, as we talked bees, hives,

etc., "for when pleasure and profit can ians, for they protect themselves better,

be combined, time runs swift and the and gather more honey.

heart is glad." Mr. Taylor said that he G. Jacobs-My 40 colonies are hybrids,

had been a bee-keeper for forty-five and I like them better than pure Italians.

years, that his enthusiasm was yearly on H. Stewart-Go where you will, and

the increase, and that if he did not you will find advocates of scrub cattle and scrub horses, but he who breeds for

•make anything from them for ten years the higher points, reaps his reward.

he would keep on. A premium was given for a machine

AUTOMATIC HIVER. that would put together one-piece sec

Mr. tions the best and quickest. C. Kuebler

Taylor's countenance bea med

with delight as he reached for a small won the first, and W. S. Rice the second. Adjourned until 1 p.m.

hand-satchel and opened it. I imagined

that he carried some pets in there, and AFTERNOON SESSION.

was not disappointed. He thought that The meeting was called to order by

it was the best part of a convention to President Kimble. A letter was read

have hives and fixtures brought there so from the State Secretary, asking the

that a comparison could be made, and

their good and bad points discussed. co-operation of the Eastern Iowa bee

He handed me a photograph, cabinet keepers in securing an appropriation for

size, and I soon saw that it did not conan exhibit at the World's Fair. Three delegates were appointed to

tain his pleasant shadow, but that of a

hive with an automatic hiver attachattend the next annual meeting of the

ment. I will not try to describe this State association. They were H. S.

hiver, as I may not be able to describe it Bowman, Frank Coverdale, and Wm. Kimble.

intelligibly to my readers, but will try to

explain the principle of it: The election of officers then took

All self-hivers that I ever heard about place, and resulted as follows:

before, conducted the bees by a passagePresident-H. S. Bowman, Maquoketa,

way into a hive placed by the side of a Iowa. Vice-President-Henry Stewart, Proph

colony, but Mr. Taylor said that as the

queen and bees fly upward, his passageetstown, Ills.

way is constructed so that the bees folSecretary-Frank Coverdale, Welton, Iowa.

low this inclination and go upward. Treasurer-L. J. Pierce, DeWitt, Iowa.

This passageway is of the width of the Maquoketa was chosen as the place to

hive, and as tall again. On the top of hold the next meeting at the call of the

this towering way a light box, with two President.

sides of wire gauze, is fastened with Van FRANK COVERDALE, Sec.

Deusen clasps. There is a strong Welton, Iowa.

draught of air out of the hive while the bees are swarming, and this is utilized to close a door in the passageway, which shuts the bees in, and they go up into

the hiver with the queen. Those that MRS. L. HARRISON.

flew out before the door closed would

gather on the outside of the wire gauze. As I was returning from the Chicago What a bonanza this hiver would be Bee Convention I saw a tall man, clothed for the women-put on a hiver, knead in fur, enter the car. I took him to be the bread, mind the baby, and cook the B. Taylor, of Forestville, Minn., but I good man's dinner, without fear of the was not sure, as there was so little of bees going to the woods. No need of him to be seen on account of the fur. | hurry to hive them, either. They can But the temptation of having an intelli be put into the cellar for forty-eight gent bee-keeper to talk with overcome hours, and when hived there will be no my timidity, and leaving my seat I went danger of their turning up their nose to where he sat and found that I had been and escaping to the woods-emigrating correct in my surmises.

West. I stood in the aisle talking for awhile, If this hiver never comes into general when I saw by the eye of the conductor I use, the inventor has had a deal of comthat I was obstructing the passageway, I fort and satisfaction in manufacturing it

Automatic Hiyer, Bee-Escape, Etc.

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