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Foul-Brood and the Utah Association.
the point is furnished. It is said that or district at least once a year, and at the bee always dies when it stings.
any time, upon the complaint of any I have been stung slightly when the bee owner, that, in his opinion, the dissting was not left. I think, when that ease known as foul-brood exists among occurs, the bee does not die, for in my the bees of any person, whether owner opinion it is the loss of the sting and its or custodian. It sball be the duty of the appendages that proves fatal to the Inspector, to whom the complaint is bee's life.-Wisconsin Farmer.
made, to immediately inspect the bees believed to be thus infected; and if such Inspector finds that foul-brood does exist among such bees, and the owner desires to have them treated, said In
spector shall immediately take charge JOHN C. SWANER.
of and control them, at the expense of
the owner, and give them the proper The following is a copy of the Foul
treatment for the cure of the disease. Brood Bill which will be presented be
In such treatment he may destroy such fore the Territorial Legislative Assem
portions of the bees and brood, and of bly, when that body meets this Winter.
the hives and contents, as may be necesEvery bee-keeper who is interested in
sary. Provided, in case the owner has the welfare of the pursuit, should get his
any doubts about his bees being infected, neighbor bee-keepers, as well as himself,
and objects to their being destroyed, as to sign a petition, requesting the mem
in this Act provided, then such fact ber from his district, to vote in favor of
shall be determined by arbitration, the this Bill. Act at once, if you expect to do any good. Every individual bee
said Inspector choosing one arbitrator,
and the owner of such bees another, keeper should be interested.
from among the bee-keepers of said FOUL-BROOD IN BEES.
county, who shall immediately inspect An act for the protection of bee-cul- |
such bees, and determine whether or not ture, and to repeal all other acts and
the bees so inspected are diseased; or, laws in relation thereto.
when they cannot agree, they two may
choose a third from among the beeSec. 1. Be it enacted by the Governor
keepers of said county, and the three and Legislative Assembly of the terri
shall proceed immediately to inspect tory of Utah ; that it shall be the duty
such bees, and determine whether or of the County Court of each county to
not the bees so inspected are diseased. appoint from among the bee-keepers of
SEC. 5. If the owner or person in the county, one or more suitable persons
charge of bees infected with foul-brood as Inspectors of Bees. .
shall fail to make arrangements acceptSec. 2. These Inspectors shall be ap able to the Inspector for his compensapointed biennially, viz: On the first
tion, and the necessary expenses to be Monday in March of each alternate
incurred in the treatment and cure of year, or at the first regular sitting of
the bees (which shall in no case exceed the Court thereafter, and shall perform
three dollars per day and actual exthe duties of Bee Inspector for two
penses), then the Inspector shall immeyears, and until their successors are
diately wholly destroy the hives and appointed and qualified. Said Inspec bees so infected by burning or burying tors shall qualify by taking and sub the same. scribing an official oath, and giving SEC. 6. If any person, by threats of bonds with sureties to be approved by
violence, or in any other manner, shall their respective County Courts in the
prevent a duly-appointed Bee-Inspector sum of five hundred dollars ; said bonds
from inspecting, taking charge of, to be filed with the clerk of said Courts. treating or destroying bees, as provided
SEC. 3. In determining the fitness of a in this Act, on conviction thereof before person to fill the position of Inspector, the nearest Justice of the Peace of the the Court shall be guided by the local precinct in which said bees are kept, bee-keepers' associations in their respec shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, tive counties, and it shall be deemed and shall be fined in any sum not less lawful for any Inspector, if he so de then $5.00, nor more than $25.00 for sires, to invite one or more persons to
the first offense, and for each additional assist him in prosecuting his inspections. offense he shall be liable to a fine not to Provided, that no charge is made for this exceed $50.00. voluntary service.
SEC. 7. To provide for the prosecution SEC. 4. It shall be the duty of the In- | of the duties of Bee-Inspectors under spector to visit all the bees in his county 1 this Act, the County Courts are hereby authorized to, and shall appropriate the cleaning out a tree, about 200 yards sum of $3.00 per day, and necessary from my apiary. About noon a swarm expenses, for the time that the Inspec- issued from a hive that I had been tor is actually employed in the perform- watching, and clustered on a tree near ance of his duties, out of the revenues by. I hived them, but about 4 o'clock of the several counties. Provided, that they swarmed again, and without clusin no case, when such Inspector receives tering they made a line for that tree. I compensation from the owner of bees, started as soon as the bees, and never so infected, for the care, treatment or lost sight of them. I got there as soon destruction of the same, as in the Act as they did, and saw them go in. They provided, shall he be paid by the several were Italians, and as I paid a high price counties as in this section specified. for the queen, I did not propose to lose SEC. 8. All Acts and parts of Acts,
them. I cut the tree the next morning, inconsistent with the provisions of this
and the inside of the tree was as clean Act, are hereby repealed.
as a kitchen floor, with not a trace of old-comb, stump-water or anything else, except a piece of new comb with a few eggs in it.
A few days before that, I cut a tree
that I supposed contained bees, but as J. ANDERSON.
soon as the tree fell, every bee made off,
and on examination it was as nice and Last season I discovered that my api
dry and clean as bees could make it. ary was regularly visited by a mighty
On another occasion I saw a swarm of rover. Three of my best hives gave evi
bees clustered on a bush near the edge dences that some foe relished a supper
of the woods, and the scouts were huntof Italian bees.
ing in every crack and hole in the trees For a time I was perplexed to know in that piece of woodland, but as soon what the enemy was, so in order to put as they were hived they came to the an end to the depredations, a trap was hive. If there are plenty of flowers and set, and different kinds of bait was used, a good honey-flow, bees will hunt a but the rover preferred insect food, to place near by, and go to it; but if there any thing I offered ; even dead drones is a scarcity, they will fly until they find was no attraction. My three excellent a suitable location, cluster, send out colonies, instead of swarming, rapidly scouts, find a cavity, and go to it. decreased, and the excrements of the
I could give other proofs, but I think enemy which were here and there in
this will suffice. heaps through the a piary, showed where
McLean, .0. they went.
At last, I used as a bait a fat sparrow which is now a very great nuisance in
The Convention Hand - Book this county. The next morning, before
is very convenient at Bee-Conventions. It I reached the apiary, the peculiar state
contains a simple Manual of Parliamentary of the atmosphere conveyed to my mind the interesting intelligence that the foe
Law and Rules of Order for Local Beewas caught, and was nothing but a Conventions; Constitution and By-Laws skunk.
for a Local Society; Programme for a ConThe sparrow's flesh was more enticing vention, with Subjects for Discussion. In to his skunkship than that of the insects addition to this, there are about 50 blank on which, for the previous weeks, he
pages, to make notes upon, or to write out had been feeding. Tiverton, Ont., Dec. 24, 1891.
questions, as they may come to mind. They are nicely bound in cloth, and are of the right size for the pocket. We will present a copy for one new subscription to the BEE JOURNAL (with $1.00 to pay for the
same),or 2 subscribers to the HOME JOURNAL LAWSON HEGLER.
may be sent instead of one for the BEE 1 On page 814 (1891), Mr. G. W. Dem
JOURNAL. aree says that he does not care to discuss the subject of bee-scouts further, but I
Now is the time to join the National will disregard his desire and have my say.
Bee-Keepers' Union. Send to this office One morning last summer, I saw bees ' for the necessary Blanks.
Bee-Scouts Selecting a Home.
Time and place of meeting. 1892. Jan. 18, 19.-Colorado State, at Denver.
H. Knight, Sec., Littleton, Colo. Jan. 20, 21,-The Minnesota, at Owatonna.
Wm. Danforth, Sec., Red Wing, Minn. Feb. 10, 11, 12 -Ohio State, at Cincinnati.
S. R. Morris, Sec., Bloomingburg, 0.
they are not storing any surplus, but they are gathering enough to live on. You know that the bees in this locality are all wintering on the summer stands, and require but little care during the Winter. Bee-keeping here would be a grand success, if carried on in as thorough a manner as in the East; as it is, we frequently get tremendous crops.
W. A. CHOATE. Colton, Calif., Dec. 20, 1891. .
In order to have this table complete, Secretaries are requested to forward full particulars of the time and the place of each future meeting.—THE EDITOR.
North American Bee-Keepers' Association
National Bee-Keepers' Union. PRESIDENT_James Heddon Dowagiac. Mich SEC'Y AND MANAGER-T. G. Newman, Chicago.
They Laugh at Us.
I am very fond of reading the AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL, the contents of which are always very interesting to me, and are of much value for bee-culture in general. In order that Germany may profit by the advancements of American apiculture, as well as other countries, I have a column in the Bienen-Centralblatt, in which I regularly once a month give translations from American, French, Italian, and other bee-periodicals. Allow me to say that it would be better to stop that humbug about the “ golden Carniolans.” People in Carniola are laughing about it, and such a stupid article as Fleischmann's in the Leipziger, is the result.
H. REEPEN. Hessen, Germany, Dec. 12, 1891.
Bee and Honey Gossip.
RE Do not write anything for publication on the same sheet of paper with business matters, unless it can be torn apart without interfering with either part of the letter.
My First Lessons in Bee-Keeping.
I was born in Preble County, O.,.Sept. I had 44 colonies of bees, Spring
19, 1814, and when I was about 6 count, which increased to 76 colonies,
weeks old my parents took a notion to and gave me 2,000 pounds of comb
move to Indiana Territory, and being in honey, and from 600 to 700 pounds of
my minority, 'I went with them. It was extracted-honey, all of which was from basswood-not a pound of dark honey
there that I took my first lessons in beein the lot. I sold 1,000 pounds of comb
keeping. We found our first colonies in
hollow trees, and from Nature we took honey at 1572 cents per pound to Stewart & Elliott, at Minneapolis, Minn.
our first lessons, using sections cut from
hollow trees for hives. We wintered I have united them down to about 60
our bees in those hives on the summer colonies for Winter. GEO. H. AURINGER.
stands, without any protection whatBonniwell's Mills, Minn.
ever, when the thermometer often indicated 16", 20° and 250 below zero.
Here in Northern Iowa bees winter in Bees Working Now.
hollow trees, where 400 below zero is I have received the annual report of those indications that I planned my beethe National Bee-Keepers' Union, to house. There has been great improvegether with the membership blank, to ment during the last 50 years in beeday. In reply I will say that I am glad keeping, but we have had to go to the to see such an increased membership, bees themselves for the suggestions. and I am also glad to vote for some of There may be a certain temperature in the good members for the offices to be which it would be best to winter bees, filled. At some later date I will give but if there is, I would rather believe it you some little idea of bee-keeping in to be below than above the freezing this locality. Probably you will hesitate point. There is always more or less to believe, when I tell you that my bees dampness arising from a healthy colony are now working every day. Of course 1 of bees, and it should have a way to
escape, so as not to condense imme- | that the dark honey improves the longer diately around the bees. Keep bees dry , it is kept. We sell it here at from 8 to and quiet, and I think they will survive 1.12 cents per pound, in the comb. a temperature of 25° below zero. Mine
WM. L. MITCHELL. survived 160 below zero in the house Erie, Ils., Dec. 30, 1891. last Winter, and I have a neighbor whose bees are yet (Dec. 18) on the summer stands, without any protection, Few Swarms, and Little Honey. and still are all right. The thermometer
The past season in Pennsylvania, has been 100 below zero. I housed mine on Nov. 13, 1891.
while not a complete failure, was a poor Decorah, Iowa.
one-many a piaries yielding nothing for surplus. There was but little swarming.
Most of the colonies have enough to My Experience in Keeping Bees.
Winter on. My yield was 600 pounds,
from 16 colonies, of extracted and combI have read the AMERICAN BEE JOUR honey. I sold the comb-honey for 15 NAL for several years, but have not cents per pound, at the store and to noticed any correspondence from this neighbors; the extracted I sold for 11 locality. There are quite a number cents per pound. Honey is scarce, but keeping bees here, but I do not think at the prices demanded (20 cents at they know of the existence of the BEE retail) it sells slowly. JOURNAL. I have taken several bee
GEO. SPITLER. papers, but I like it better than all Mosiertown, Pa., Dec. 28, 1891. others. I commenced to keep bees in 1881, with one colony of black bees, in a box hive, which cost me $5.00. I Good Crop of White Honey. had an increase of 12 swarms within two years. · They were all hived in 8
This has been a fairly good year for frame Langstroth hives. In 1884 I lost
honey, with those who cared for their them all from the use of honey-dew. I
bees properly. The crop of white honey then purchased another colony, and now
was good, but the fall flow did not have 43. From 28, Spring count, I got,
amount to scarcely anything. I have
done better than any one else in this during the past Summer, 800 pounds of white comb-honey, and an increase of
locality. Some report but very little
honey. The honey flow commenced 15 swarms. I have 23 in boxes 3x12, packed with chaff; the other 20 are in
about June 1 and continued till July the cellar. As this is my first experi
20. I commenced the season with 13 ence in wintering bees in a cellar, I
colonies, increased to 24 by natural thought I would risk only part of them
swarming, and secured 700 pounds of
comb honey. One swarm went to the in that way. CHAS. E. FALKNER. Pioneer, O., Dec. 21, 1891.
woods. I winter my bees on the summer stands ; 13 colonies are in boxes packed in chaff, and 10 are in the Root dove
tailed winter cases. Bees Wintering Well.
D. I. WAGAR. The honey crop of last season was
Flat Rock, Mich., Dec. 29, 1891. very light, and the quality was very poor and dark. Owing to the cold weather during Spring, we obtained Bees Wintering on Summer Stands. scarcely any white clover honey, though there was an abundance of white clover
Last Spring I had 45 colonies of bees
-all that were left out of 75 of the fall bloom. My bees are wintering well.
A. F. SANGER.
before. I took from them 1,500 pounds Pilot Grove, Mo., Dec. 29, 1891.
of comb-honey, increased them to 75 colonies again, which are now on the summer stands in double-walled hives,
and appear to be in good condition. Wintering Bees on Honey-Dew.
Last year was the worst for wintering I have 41 colonies of bees in the bees, for 10 years. Some that had but cellar, in fair condition. I did not get few are without any now. There was much honey last Summer-only 700 plenty of white clover, but it did not pounds, and that was rather dark, and yield any honey. Our crop was mostly I had only 4 or 5 swarms. I had to from raspberries and basswood. feed 6 colonies. I do not know how
J, H. MANCHESTER. they will winter on honey-dew. I find Preble, N. Y., Dec. 29, 1891,
Mine are Fine Italian Bees.
I am a beginner in apiculture, and a great friend of the honey-bee. I have enjoyed the work so far very much. I have 51 colonies, which go into winter quarters in good condition. During the past season I took off 300 pounds of extracted-honey. It would have been an excellent year for honey had the drouth not set in. I notice one of my colonies does not gather propolis ; or has not during the past two seasons. I got one swarm from this colony this season, and have never found propolis in the surplus cases. They are jet black bees. I bought 24 Italian queens, and introduced them into the hives of black bees. They were fine queens, and proved to be & success. Now all my bees are five Italians. I send you the Pittsburgh Dispatch, and marked an item entitled, "A New Artificial Honey.” What comment have you to make ? Moselle, Mo. JAMES A. POWERS. (Our comment is on page 37-Ep.]
A welcome monthly visitor is the ILLUSTRATED HOME JOURNAL, a fine publication for the family and fireside, devoted to fashion, music, household
stories. ---New Bedford, Mass., Standard.
The Bee-Keepers' Union has done a grand and good work in defending beekeepers. The Union has 571 members. If a neighbor gets slightly offended at a bee-keeper, his first attempt at revenge is to work on the City Council to have the bees declared a nuisance, and have them removed from the city limits.Missouri Bee-Keeper.
De Many “Wavelets of News” are crowded out this week.
That Cook-Book Premium.
When the AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL of Dec. 10 arrived, I was agreeably surprised. On stepping into the house, my wife, having it in her hands, looked up into my face with a smile, and said: “Are you going to take this paper next year ?" "Yes," I replied, “we cannot do without it.” Mrs. Fisher, holding the paper up, said: “I want this book," and handed the paper to me. I read the whole of page 766. “I want that cookbook," said my wife a second time. “ All right, wife,” I said, “we will accept the offer, and you shall have that cookbook. Now, dear reader, if you want the eyes of your better-half to sparkle, and a sweet smile to roll across her face, just look up the BEE JOURNAL, and let her read what is offered on page 766 ; then tell her that you accept that offer, and that she shall have the book. Read that page carefully, and see how much is offered for $1.30. Show your friends and neighbors that liberal offer, and you will succeed in introducing the AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL into many homes where it has never gone before. Bro. Newman gives us a first-class weekly BEE JOURNAL. Now let each reader show his or her appreciation by getting a few new subscribers, thereby enabling the JOURNAL to be a greater blessing to bee-keepers in the year 1892.
JOHN D. A. FISHER.
Por The annual meeting of the Colorado State Bee-Keepers' Association will be held in Denver, Jan. 18 and 19, 1892. .
H. KNIGHT, Sec., Littleton, Colo. Be The Minnesota Bee-Keepers' Association will meet in Owatonna, Minn., on Jan. 20 and 21, 1892. Free entertainment will be provided for those attending by the citizens of Owatonna, and it is expected that the railroads will carry those attending, at reduced rates. The State Horticultural Society hold their annual meeting at the same time.
WM. DANFORTH, Sec., Red Wing, Minn.
8 The Ohio State Bee-Keepers' Association will hold its next annual meeting at the West-End Turner Hall, on Freeman Avenue, Cincinnati, O., from Feb. 10 to 12 inclusive, 1892, beginning at 10 a.m. Wednesday, Feb. 10. All local associations should endeavor to meet with us or send their delegates. Those intending to be present, will please send their names to the Secretary, at their earliest convenience. The President will endeavor to get reduced railroad rates, and also reduced rates at hotels. The programme will soon be issued, and all particulars published.
C.F. MUTH, Pres., Cincinnati, O. S. R. MORRIS, Sec., Bloomingburg, O.