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W. L. Coggshall, West Groton, N. Y.
LIFE MEMBERS PRESENT, Miles Morton, Groton, N. Y.
E. R. Root, Medina, Ohio. A. A. Brimmer, Hoosick, N. Y.
Charles Dadant, Hamilton, Ill. J. F. Wood, North Prescott, Mass.
Eugene Secor, Forest City, Iowa. E. B. Smith, Millford, Pa.
G. H. Knickerbocker, Pine Plains, N.Y. A. W. Smith, Parksville, N. Y. E. U. Parshall, Cooperstown, N. Y.
LADY MEMBERS. J. Van Deusen, Sprout Brook, N. Y.
Miss M. A. Douglas, Shoreham, Vt. N. D. West, Middleburg, N. Y.
Mrs. J. Vandervort, Laceyville, Pa. J. O. Munson, East Lansing, N. Y.
Mrs. H. L. Leonard, Brandon, Vt. A. P. Slater, Preston, N. Y.
Mrs. W. J. Haviland, Glens Falls, N.Y. C. A. Hallegas, DeKalb Junction, N. Y.
Mrs. Thomas Pierce, Gansevoort, N.Y. W. G. Larrabee, Larrabee's Point, Vt.
Mrs. Frank Benton, Washington, D. C. Edgar Briggs, Poughkeepsie, N. Y.
Miss M. J. LaGrange, Guilderland, N.Y. Ambrose Pealer, Danube, N. Y.
Miss Cynthia Payne, Victor, N. Y.
Upon the Convention being called to C. M. Woolser, Richfield Springs, N.Y.
order, it was voted that Thomas G. J. H. M. Cook, 78 Barclay st., N. Y.
Newman & Son be · paid $20.00 toF. A. Lockhart, Lake George, N. Y. wards publishing, in pamphlet form, the A. Armbrust, Schenectady, N. Y.
report of this Convention, as usual. F. M. Hawkins, Poultney, Vt.
The Committee on Incorporation reA. H. Wood, Hanover, N. H.
ported as follows: L. H. Bartram, Sharon, Conn.
A. W. Manderville, 285 High street, Report of Committee on Incorporation. Newark, N. J.
Your committee to which was referred David Stoddard, Ballston Center, N.Y.
the matter of incorporating the North W. W. Cary, Colerain, Mass.
American Bee-Keepers' Association, beg Levi Defreest, Troy, N. Y.
to report that they have attended to the W. Z. Hutchinson, Flint, Mich.
matter, and the certificate of incorporaE. A. Stratton, Horseheads, N. Y.
tion is in the hands of the Secretary, and Claude Smith, Norwich, N. Y.
the fees for the same have been paid by C. D. Robinson, West Groton, N. Y.
the Association. The life members in the D. H. Coggshall, West Groton, N. Y.
United States were by vote designated as S. F. Pratt, Marlborough, Mass.
the incorporators. I. J. Stringham, 92 Barclay st., N. Y. G. A. Burhams, Cooksburg, N. Y.
Thos. G. NEWMAN, Chairman. Norwood Burhams, Cooksburg, N. Y. The report of the committee was Charles Stewart, Sammonsville, N. Y. approved, and the committee was disR. L. Taylor, Lapeer, Mich.
charged. F. Allen, West Berne, N. Y.
R. McKnight-Is this Society incorJulius Hoffman, Canajoharie, N. Y. porated under a State law, or does it W. H. Mallory, Worcester, N. Y.
cover the whole country ? Eugene Converse, Coventry, N. Y.
E. R. Root-It is incorporated under G. M. Doolittle, Borodino, N. Y.
a State law, but its influence is National. Arthur Barnes, Canajoharie, N. Y.
R. McKnight--Is not incorporating it George E. Davis, Shelburne Falls, Mass. under a State law making a local society V. N. Forbes, West Haven, Vt.
of what was a National body ? W. S, Ward, Fuller's Station, N. Y. J. E. Hetherington-It is necessary to E. D. Kniffer, Middleburg, N. Y. incorporate under a State law. That is J. I. Parent, Birchton, N. Y.
the only way in which it can be incorF. H. Cyrenius, Oswego, N. Y.
porated ; but such incorporation does J. Vandervort, Laceyville, Pa.
not prevent it from being National in
The Bee-Keepers' Union.
As General Manager of the National Henry Segelken, 28 and 30 W. Broad Bee-Keepers' Union, which is now under way, N. Y.
the fostering care of the North AmeriThurber, Whyland & Co., 116 Reade can Bee-Keepers' Association, I would street, New York.
report that it is still laboring for the John S. Scudder, Amsterdam, N. Y. welfare of Bee-Keepers, and defending Charles Israel, 70 Hudson street, N.Y. | them in their rights and privileges as far as its limited means will allow. With day the egg is laid until the bee is a fieldone exception, it has been successful in worker is 37 days. Hence it will be seen all the suits it has undertaken, and by that the time when the eggs are laid is its influence it has prevented litigation very important. in hundreds of cases. Its annual Report
Next comes the location. Most of us will be published in a few days. A word are bound by ties to a certain locality. of encouragement and endorsement from The man who is free should carefully your body will help it to secure even select his location, but the man who greater success than beretofore.
makes a success in a poor field is entitled Fraternally Yours,
to more credit than the one in a good Thos. G. NEWMAN, General Manager. location. A thorough examination of a
location is of great importance. It is This Report was approved and endorsed by vote.
only in exceptional locations that we
have a continual honey-flow. With only The following committees were then one source of supply, extra care and announced:
management are needed to have the bees On EXHIBITS.—Thomas Pierce, G. M. in readiness when it comes. Doolittle, R. Holmes.
The bee-keeper must be a man of push. ON RESOLUTIONS.-R. McKnight, G. Most day laborers glance at the sun H. Knickerbocker, E. R. Root.
occasionally to see when it goes down. ON QUESTION Box.-J. E. Crane, W. Who ever heard of a bee-keeper doing L. Coggshall, S. Corneil.
this, unless to see if he could finish ON LEGISLATION.–J. M. Hambaugh, some job of work ? To the bee-keeper R. L. Taylor, Eugene Secor.
his work is fun. The man who spends ON FINANCE.-R. F. Holtermann, N. his time in the corner-grocery, or in playD. West, A. Armbrust.
games, will never be a successful beeThe Committee on Medals reported as
keeper. follows :
I have been very successful in spreadReport of the Committee on Medals. ing the brood in the Spring, and I know
that wonderful results may be obtained Your committee appointed to procure medals for distribution to the affiliated needed. By spreading the brood, I mean societies, beg to report that they have placing the outside combs in the center had dies made, which will answer for all of the brood-nest, where they will soon future orders for medals, and have pro be filled with eggs. cured silver-plated medals, and leather The greatest point in bee-keeping is to cases for the same, and delivered them to have the bees at the right time. There is the Secretary. The expense of dies was no sense at all in stimulating breeding $50, of the medals, etc., $27.50, all of when the harvest is over and gone. which has been paid from the treasury. Thos. G. NEWMAN, Chairman. The following letter to President El
wood was read : The report was approved, and the committee discharged.
WASHINGTON, D. C., Dec. 8, 1891. Attention was called to the fact that
DEAR SIR :-I very much regret thata the Ontario Bee-Keepers' Association
serious illness makes it unsafe for me to was entitled to two medals, the medals
think of going to Albany. My authornot having been made at the time they
ization as a delegate to represent the were awarded. It was voted that, now
Department of Agriculture in the prothe medals were made, they be forwarded
ceedings of the Association was made to the Ontario Bee-Keepers' Society.
out and signed by the Secretary of Agri
culture last week, and I had all other The Convention then listened to an arrangements made to arrive in Albany address by G. M. Doolittle, upon the
to-day. I am, of course, greatly dissubject of
appointed, and it certainly is vexatious,
after having been able to work all the Bees, Location, and The Apiarist.
year, to be sick at this particular juncHe remarked that the queen is the all- | ture. However, there may be some important factor. She lays the eggs. Providence in the matter. The more eggs the more bees. The time My essay was not finished when I was from the laying of the egg to the hath taken ill. I am sorry for this, as well as ing of the bee is 21 days. From that I cannot be there to confer in refthe hatching of the bee until it goes into erence to the discussion set down for the field to labor is 16 days. From the | 3:30 p.m. Thursday, which, by the way, I am quite surprised to see in the pro of human beings from the over-populous gramme, But it is a good idea, since countries of Europe ? Some point to union on the part of the Association in the enthusiasm with which bees start a regard to the work to be undertaken will new colony, as proof that swarming is surely result in benefit.
normal. You might as well cite the As the appropriation for this purpose energy and enthusiasm of settlers in a is not large, and expenditures had been new country. But they left the old authorized at Lansing previous to my home with pain and tears. How do we appointment, experimental work has not know that our bees do not have a weepbeen undertaken here, this season espe- | ing time before they become convinced cially, as the weather was well advanced that there is nothing for it but to go when I came here. But besides corres- forth and seek a new home. The queen, pondence, planning work, etc., my time we know, vacates her throne reluctantly, had been utilized in making transactions and with regret. Emigrants often and some general work for the division. forsake their native land because of The views of the Association in regard oppressive circumstances that leave to the work to be undertaken, will them no option but to depart. Mayhap doubtless be received with great consid bees leave the old hive for a similar eration. FRANK BENTON. reason.
My home a piary is an out-a piary, After recess, the Secretary read the following essay by Rev. W. F. Clarke, on
being a mile away from where I live, in
the suburbs of the city. During the Prevention of Swarming.
past season I have experimented much
in regard to the prevention of swarming. There are many desiderata in bee
Having about a hundred frames of keeping yet. If we could get rid of the
empty comb on hand, I took 6 of my stings, many of us would be entirely
strongest colonies and gave them plenty happy in our apiaries. If we could be of space to multiply brood and store sure of a good season every year; if we honey. Only one of the 6 showed any could keep a lot of silly bee-keepers from disposition to swarm, and that one did spoiling the market by underselling, it under circumstances that made it putting inferior goods on it, and other suggestive, if not conclusive, as to the foolish practices; if we could prevent
cause of swarming. adulteration ; if we could bury the Wiley lie a thousand fathoms deep; and if
I transferred a colony from an ordin
ary 8-frame Langstroth hive into a Root we could divorce the bee-periodicals
chaff-hive. The queen and one frame from the supply business, there would
full of brood were put in the lower story, be a kind of bee-keepers' millenium. But it would be incomplete without a
nine frames of empty comb also being method of preventing swarming. That
placed in the lower story. Then a sheet is the chief desideratum of all. The
of queen-excluding zinc was laid on.
Into the upper story were put the reanxiety of watching ; the suspense of
maining seven frames of honey and not knowing at what moment any num
brood, with seven frames of empty comb. ber out of 100 colonies will rush frantically into mid-air; the disorder and
The bees worked like Trojans until suspension of work occasioned by the
towards the close of the honey harvest. "swarming fever ” when it breaks out
One afternoon, about three o'clock, they in an apiary ; these, and other consid
started to swarm. By an active use of erations, make it very desirable to pre
the sprinkler they were stopped in their vent swarming, if it can be done without mad career. So soon as they had setan injurious revolution in the habits of tled down I opened the hive and found bees.
every frame in the upper story full of What causes swarming? Is it a nor sealed honey. Not a square inch of mal or abnormal thing? I used to think storage room was left. I took out five it was pormal; now I doubt it. Have frames of honey, and replaced them with we any well authenticated cases of bees
five empty frames, having inch starters. swarming when their home was in a
“Now,” I said to myself, “I shall find
out whether those bees swarmed for rock, or a spacious attic ? Is this one want of more room.” of the bad habits they bave acquired I could hardly sleep that night for under man's manipulation ? Have we interest in the outcome of the expericrowded them into small receptacles ment. I longed for the daylight that I where they cannot increase and multiply might see if my bees would resume work, ad libitum, or have not elbow-room to | and give up all idea of swarming. That work freely? Is it like the emigration is what they did. The honey season shut down before they got the five frames believe it is because of the inconvenience completely filled, and the bees gradually they find for want of room to work. In subsided into a state of leisure.
comb-building a relay of bees hang in Other experiments proved that the festoons that reach clear across the hive. bees swarmed because crowded, or be Another relay brings honey and feeds cause they were too hot. In one case a the festooned. workers. A third relay colony that had made no preparations for takes the pellicles of wax from the fesswarming issued from the hive, clustered toons, and builds the cells. on a tree near by, and after having When all this has to be done within cooled themselves off, returned to their the limits of a one-pound section, it is home. As I watched them hanging, I “mighty onconvenient" for the bees. thought what a helpless looking sight They are “ cribbed, combined and conthey were, and what a striking picture fined.” Cannot some inventive beethey would make with the title, “Far keeper give us a section frame with From Home."
narrow partitions, just wide enough to I read up all I could find in the bee induce the bees to finish the sides of the books about swarming, and when I sections ? Or cannot we get the public found in John Keys' old work (1814) | to buy sections reaching clear across the this brief passage in a paragraph about hive, and holding four or five pounds ? the troubles of swarming-time, “These Or cannot we have cartons, into which a disadvantages are admirably remedied 1 pound of cut honey can be put, and herby storifying," I said to myself: “How metically sealed to prevent leakage ? much progress have we made in regard The public prefers honey in the comb. to this matter during a lapse of 77 There is a suspicion possibly of adulteryears ?” Bee-keepers knew even then ation in the case of extracted-honey. If that additional room would prevent we allow our extracted-honey to be swarming. How much more do we know capped all over and thoroughly ripened, about the matter to-day ?
which is necessary to "get the best,” we For the past few months I have been cannot produce extracted-honey at much cudgelling my brains in search of a less cost than we can comb-honey. Then bee-hive capable both of expansion and there is the daubing and mess more or contraction. But I have no inventive less connected with the process of exgenius. Happily others have, and I do tracting. The most unassuming beenot despair of such a hive being discov keeper gets considerably “stuck up." It ered. Indeed, I am not sure that it has is well known that I am heretical enough not already been devised.
to wish that the extractor had never been The AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL recently invented. I use it as little as possible, told us that a Mr. Allpaugh had patented and if I can find a way of throwing all a device which looks in this direction. the force of my a piary into the produc
A Mr. Allpaugh” seems to suggest tion of comb-honey, I shall dispense ome obscure bee-keeper unknown to with it altogether. Sfame, but I must tell you that he is one This is as far as I have got. I know of our foremost Canadian bee-keepers—a that swarming can be prevented by givquiet, unassuming man, but possessing ing the bees room to work, as they the inventive faculty in a high degree. require and crave to use it, but how to He ties to nothing that is not practical manage this in such a way that they will and useful. I am not possessed of his do their level best in the production of secret yet, but mean to have it so soon marketable comb-honey, well, this is as I can scrape up $5 wherewith to buy what, Dr. Miller-like, “ I don't know.” it. Right on the back of this comes Mr. I want to add a word on the “swarmJohn Conser's non-swarming hive, de ing fever,” as bee-keepers call it: There scribed and figured in the AMERICAN BEE | is such a thing. It is a perfect mania JOURNAL of Nov. 26. Will either of when it takes possession of a colony or these inventions, or both of them, “fill an apiary. A colony will swarm, and the bill ?" We shall see.
swarm, and swarm again, no matter The prevention of swarming is com how comfortably you may house them. paratively easy when you work for I flattered myself during the past seaextracted-honey, because you can son that I had discovered a cure for this “storify" if you have frames of empty fever. I take my swarms in a swarmcombs. You can alternate these with ing-bag of my own construction. The frames having only starters.
bees drop into it, and a twist of the bag But to get comb-honey by means of makes them prisoners in a moment. By added space-aye, there's the rub. The hanging a bag of bees on a fence, and bees do not readily take to building new leaving them all night, the fever will comb in section-boxes. Why is this? I l cool off.
I should say the bag is made of cheese making a buzzing that will be pleasant, cloth, so that there is no danger of the both in convention and out of it. bees being smothered. On hiving the Again, this international meeting captured Swarm the next day, they should, I opine, let its voice be heard on hasten into the home provided, march the question as to who should be selected ing to the music of a contented hum, to superintend the Apiarian Department. which says as plainly as words can At the meeting at Keokuk, Dr. A. B. speak: “Oh, how thankful we are to Mason, of Auburndale, O., was selected be housed once more.”
for the United States, and R. M. McBut, after all, prevention is better Knight, of Owen Sound, Ont., for than cure, and I prefer to keep my bees
Canada. Let this selection be ratified from taking the fever, instead of doctor
(or some other one made, if desired), ing them after they have got it.
and let it be emphasized, and sent to Mr. W. F. CLARKE.
W. I. Buchanan, Chief of the Depart
ment of Agriculture, and also to WashThe following from Thos. G. Newman, ington. I think that Hon. Edwin editor of the AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL, Willetts, who was formerly President of who was unable to be present, was read the Michigan Agricultural College, but by the Secretary:
now is Assistant Secretary of Agricul
ture, at Washington, can assist us, if A Few Suggestions.
requested by you, in convention assemTo the Officers and Members of the North
bled, to do so. To have a good head is
very essential. Without it, a creditable American Bee-Keepers' Association :
display will be very uncertain. I regret exceedingly not being able to
Will you kindly give these matters be present, and with you to enjoy the
due consideration ? Let committees be “love feast” which I feel sure you will
appointed to formulate and present resohave. My health is poor, but I am
lutions, and also to bring influence to gaining strength slowly, and though not
bear upon those in authority, to give us being able to undertake the journey
“ a fair show,” and thus help us to bodily, I am with you in spirit. ..
appear in a creditable light before the There are some things on my mind, world at the coming Columbian Fair. which, were I present, I should submit
THOMAS G. NEWMAN. for your consideration, and I will briefly
Dr. A. B. Mason, who was also deenumerate them here.
tained by sickness, sent the following as As this city is to have the World's his address on Fair in 1893, it would seem to be very desirable to have the convention of the
Apiculture at the World's Fair. North American Bee-Keepers' Associa Mr. President and Fellow Bee-Keepers : tion for 1893 held in Chicago, so that
Our worthy Secretary has asked me to there may be a monster meeting of the
tell you of the “ Outlook for apiculture a piarists of America, as well as repre
at the Columbian Exposition.” sentatives from all the world. To ar
As yet no one has been appointed by range for such, long in advance, is quite
the Exposition managers to have charge important, so that our visitors from
of the a piarian exhibit, and although other Nations may know when to come,
this Association has twice recommended so as to take it in. I would, therefore,
my appointment to that position, I have beg to suggest that the location for that
not felt at liberty to take such steps in year should be definitely settled by the
preparing for the exhibit, as I could present session; as well as the location
have done if I had authority for acting, for the meeting next year, which might
and from what I learned in a recent be in any central city between the East
visit to Chicago to see Mr. Buchanan, the and West.
Chief of the Agricultural Department, in The time, too, is quite important. The which department the apiarian exhibit World's Fair will open in May and close will be placed, it seems quite possible in October. The month of September that the wishes of the bee-keepers will would seem to be the most desirable not be consulted in making the appointtime, as the heat of the Summer will be ment. over, the honey will be mainly harvested, Mr. Buchanan has promised to do all and the apiarian exhibit at the Fair will he can to make the apicultural exhibit a then appear at its best. Cheap trans success, but says that “the most careportation on the trunk lines of railways ful thought should be given to the queswi}l bring thousands upon thousands of tion how best to fully illustrate an indusvisitors, and a piarists will swarm here, I try in the most attractive and thorough