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Wisconsin bee-keepers should be thinking about their next annual meeting. It will occur next month, and it is none too soon to be making arrangements to attend it. In last week's Wisconsin Farmer, Dr. Vance remarks as follows about the programme, and the membership the association ought to have :

Our Recording Secretary is engaged upon the programme for our next annual meeting, and no doubt he will present one that will draw out the best knowledge and experience. He will probably have a stenographer to take down the discussions, which will be sure to make entertaining reading for all who are interested in bee-culture.

We intend to exert our utmost to bring out every bee-keeper of the State who possibly can attend the meeting. We expect to start a “racket" that will be heard throughout the State, and shall keep it up until the date of the meeting.

Although we have had very good meetings since our organization seven or eight years ago, we have never had more than 100 present, and our membership has not been what it ought to be and must be, if our members will work for the success of our next convention in February.

Talk to your bee-keeping neighbors about the annual meeting, and stir up their interest, and get them to join the association.

Club Rates -Two copies, $1.80 ; 3 copies,
$2.50; 4 copies, $3.20; 5 copies, $3.75.
Mailed to any addresses.

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Minnesota bee-keepers should attend the State convention at Owatonna on Jan. 20, 1892. All such will have free entertainment during the convention. This is an inducement seldom provided. Go to "the feast” and be refreshed in body and mind.

It is 31 Years Ago to-day since

Mrs. L. Harrison will edit the the AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL was launch

Bee Department of the Orange Judd ed on the sea of journalism. For 18

Farmer. She is, as our readers well years it has been under the management

know, an able writer, and will make of the present editor. Its character and

that Department interesting. Mr. Judd reputation are fully established, and the

is a very able and experienced editor, history of the past is the guarantee for

and the Farmer is one of the best the future. Suffice it to say that all our

weeklies for the farmer's home. time and energy will be devoted to it, as in the past, and we shall endeavor to con Now is the time to join the National tinue to make it a welcome visitor to Bee-Keepers' Union. Send to this office thousands of homes all over the country. | for the necessary Blanks.

The Introduction of bumble | programme are ever needed.” And that bees into New Zealand a few years ago, is the key to the situation. to secure the fertilization of the red

If the President is thoroughly capable clover, and the remarkable success of

of being the programme himself—if he this venture are matters of record.

is “full and running over" with subjectMr. George M. Thomson, in the New matter--if he is so well acquainted with Zealand Journal of Science, presents an the members as to grasp instantly their interesting article on the introduced individual opinions and views, so as to bumble-bees in New Zealand, giving also call out a full discussion, by continually a list of the plants and flowers which are suggesting that Mr. So-and-so “ holds a visited by these bees.

different view and we would like to hear He makes the interesting statement

from him on the subject,” or words to that, with a few exceptions, he has never

that effect-then neither programme or heard of these bees visiting the flowers essay has any place in such a meeting. of indigenous plants, but states that they President Miller is so much at home have become so extraordinarily abun as chairman of a bee-keepers' assembly, dant that the question has even arisen that he knows how long to carry on a in his mind as to whether they would discussion-in what channel to direct it, not become as serious a pest to the when to stop, so as not to weary the a piarist, as the rabbits have proved to members, and has a happy manner of be to the farmer and cultivator, on saying so—that he is a whole convention account of their absorbing so much of in himself, including essays and prothe nectar of the flowers.

gramme. He also points out the remarkable The Doctor's extreme modesty led him fact in connection with the life of the into this " exposure,” and he must not bumble-bee in New Zealand, that in now complain. So far as the item in many parts of the colony it is to be seen Gleanings was concerned, it did not daily on flowers all the year round.

represent us correctly without the last sentence-and so it was necessary for us

to correct it. Essays at conventions are sometimes Dr. J. W. Vance wisely remarks thus quite unnecessary, as they were at the in the Wisconsin Farmer, on this subject: late convention at Chicago. At some conventions, we know that they are not


there were no essays read at the recent only desirable, but very necessary. Dr. meeting of the Northwestern Bee-KeepMiller, in the last Gleanings, in his ers' Association, and yet there was no

lack of subject-matter for discussion, subject :

nor want of enthusiasm. The conven

tion was an eminent success. The When Newman, of the AMERICAN BEE editor adds: “ With such a President JOURNAL, changes his mind, he makes as Dr. Miller, no essays or programme no bones of saying so. Formerly he argued that essays at a convention were I am inclined to think too many or too essential. Now he says, in the most un lengthy essays are not good for our reserved manner: “ The Norlhwestern annual meetings. Generally we have was a convention without essays, and it had good essays, but the greatest interest was a charming success. There was no of the meeting has centered upon the want of subject matter to discuss, and discussions, which often had to be cut no lack of enthusiasm."

short when at the most interesting point. It was only the Doctor's extreme Essays should only lead far enough to modesty which prevented him from suggest points for discussion, and in quoting the whole item. The rest of it, that way they are very good. But if on page 709, reads thus: “With such they overpower and crowd out discusa President as Dr. Miller, no essays or sion, they are worse than useless.

Importing Bees is a very precarious business. Walter S. Pouder sent by mail a queen to Australia, and the result is detailed in the following interesting reply :

I received your letter on Oct. 16, and the accompanying queen-cage, but I regret to have to state that everything was dead, and had apparently been so for some time.

By the same mail I had two others sent me-one from Mr. Doolittle and one from Mr. Michael, of Ohio. Mr. Doolittle's queen was the sole survivor, the attendants having perished en route; while Mr. Michael managed to get through four workers, with a dead queen-38 days would therefore appear to be about the limit of time the bees can stand the confinement. However, it is evident that queens can be sent bere from America.

Three of my neighbors have sent orders, and they have each been successful, and I have not heard of any failure except in my own case.

I have had 12 cages altogether sent me, but only 3 live queens-in 2 other cages there were live workers. But even this is better than my first shipment of queens from Italy, where in the 8 boxes sent me, I got nothing but a magnificent collection of fine large, beautifully developed moths.

I have had improved success since, and last month I had 7 out of 8 come through all right. (It seems that our Italian friends had provisioned their cages with comb-honey, and this comb proved to be a breeding pen for the moth.)

ANEAS WALKER. Redland Bay, Australia, Oct. 30, 1891.

official organ ?” election of officers ; question drawer, etc.

7 p.m.--Essay by R. H. Myers, on “Rendering Old Comb;" address by J. B. Hall, on “Comb or Extracted-Honey -Which ?”

Jan. 7, 9 a.m.-Other essays and unfinished discussions.

Arrangements have been made with the Canadian Pacific and Grand Trunk railroads for reduced rates, as follows:

Persons going to London will ask the railway agent at starting point for a certificate, which he will fill in, certifying that they have purchased a firstclass single ticket to London. If there are 50 persons attending the convention, and holding these certificates, the return ticket will be given at one-third single first-class fare; but if there are less than 50 persons holding certificates, the return fare will be two-thirds single fare.

All persons traveling by rail should be sure to get these certificates filled out. It takes the agents a few minutes to fill them in, and they should be asked for 15 minutes before train time. If you require to travel over more than one railway you will require a certificate for each road.

Arrangements have been made with the Grigg House and the City Hotel for the accommodation of persons attending the convention—the former at $1.50 per day, and the latter at 80 cents to $1.00.

Our Thanks are due to the Nebraska Bee-Keeper for kind notice. We appreciate the fraternal feeling which prompted the kind words.

The Programme of the annual Michigan bee-keepers are now in meeting of the Ontario Bee-Keepers' session at Grand Rapids. We hope that Association, to be held at London, Ont., it will be a pleasant gathering. on Jan. 5, 6 and 7, 1892, is as follows:

Jan. 5, 2 p.m. Reading of minutes ; The Nebraska State Bee-KeepSecretary's report; Treasurer's report; ers' Association, at its late meeting, by other official reports; President's ad

vote, made the Nebraska Bee-Keeper its dress.

7 p.m.-Report from Mr. Corneil, dele official organ. Now let every bee-keeper gate to North American Bee-Keepers' in that State help to make it a success. Association ; essay by D. Chalmers on

We will furnish it and the AMERICAN “ Hives and Wintering;" essay by R. H. Smith, of Bracebridge, on “Apiarian

BEE JOURNAL one year for $1.35. Jan. 6, 9 a.m.-Affiliated society's report; foul-brood-Inspector's report ;

Dr. Miller was also prevented from 2 p.m.-Essay by F. A. Gemmeil on, I attending the Convention at Albany, by "Shall we have a new bee journal or 1 another attack of La Grippe,


Queries and Replies.

Convention Notices.

The annual meeting of the Colorado State Bee-Keepers' Association will be held in Denver, Jan. 18 and 19, 1892.

H. KNIGHT, Sec., Littleton, Colo.

Best Floor for a Bee-Cellar.

o The Indiana State Bee-Keepers' AssoQUERY 799.—My cellar is damp on

ciation will convene in the agricultural room the bottom, what kind of a floor is best of the State House, at Indianapolis, Jan. 8,

1892, at 1 p.m. All bee-keepers are invited in such a case ?-Iowa.

to attend.

GEO. C. THOMPSON, Sec., Southport, Ind. Cement.-J. M. HAMBAUGH. I do not know.-J. E. POND.

The annual meeting of the Ontario Bee

Keepers' Association will be held in the City Cement.- EUGENE SECOR.

Hall, London, Ont., Jan. 5, 6 and 7, 1892. Å Cement.-MRS. L. HARRISON.

good programme is being prepared. The usual

reduced rates have been secured with the I would place plenty of lime on the Grand Trunk and Canadian Pacific railways.

Also special hotel rates at the Grigg House at bottom.-J. P. H. BROWN.

$1.50 per day, and at the City Hotel from 80 Water-proof cement, extending up the cents to $1.00 per day. All persons interested

in bee-keeping are cordially invited to attend. walls as far as the dampness extends.

W. COUSE. Sec., Streetsville, Ont. M. MAHIN. A good gravel-cement is as good as

A special session of the California Bee. any.-G. L. TINKER.

Keepers' Association, in honor of the visit of

Prof. A. J. Cook and A. I. Root, will be held in I think the natural earth floor is the

Los Angeles, Calif., at the Chamber of Combest.-R. L. TAYLOR.

merce, Jan. 6 and 7, 1892. The California

permanent exhibit in an adjoining room, will I should have the natural earth. I

no doubt be of interest to all. see no use of any special floor.-A. J.

C. W. ABBOTT, Prest. Cook.

G. W. BRODBECK, Sec. I have never tried anything better

Pe The Minnesota Bee-Keepers' Associathan brick and cement.-G.W.DEMAREE.

tion will meet in Owatopna, Minn., on Jan.

20 and 21, 1892. Free entertainment will be Possibly cement-possibly earth. Find

provided for those attending by the citizens out first whether bees Winter well just of Owatonna, and it is expected that the

railroads will carry those attending, at as it is.-C. C. MILLER.

reduced rates. The State Horticultural SoGood dry sand. A box of lime is an ciety hold their annual meeting at the same excellent thing in a bee-cellar-use


WM. DANFORTH, Sec., Red Wing, Minn. about one bushel.-H. D. CUTTING.

Put the hives on something one foot ne The Ohio State Bee-Keepers' Associafrom the cellar bottom, and the damp

tion will hold its next annual meeting at the

West-End Turner Hall, on Freeman Avenue, ness will do no harm.-G. M. DOOLITTLE.

Cincinnati, O., from Feb. 10 to 12 inclusive,

1892, beginning at 10 a.m. Wednesday, Feb. Nothing is better than a well-cemented

10. All local associations should endeavor to floor. Mix the mortar one-half sand meet with us or send their delegates. Those and one-half cement.--C. H. DIBBERN.

intending to be present, will please send their

names to the Secretary, at their earliest If you have no floor of any kind—not

convenience. The President will endeavor to

get reduced railroad rates, and also reduced even stone or cement, lay down boards,

rates at hotels. The programme will soon be and on top put 4 inches of dry sawdust. issued, and all particulars published.

C. F. MUTH, Pres., Cincinnati, O. If cement, then the sawdust on that.

S. R. MORRIS, Sec., Bloomingburg, O. -JAMES HEDDON.

A good, thick cement floor is good in all kinds of cellars. I have used it in Winter Problem in bee-keeping; both wet and dry.-A. B. MASON.

by G. R. Pierce, of Iowa, who has had Dampness is not particularly objec-| 25 years' experience in bee-keeping, and tionable to the bees. If the bees have not wintered well in the cellar as it is,

for the past 5 years has devoted all his then use cement or dry sawdust, or both.

time and energies to the pursuit. Price, -THE EDITOR.

50 cents. For sale at this office.

Get a Binder, and always have your BEE JOURNALS ready for reference. We will mail you one for 50 cents.

22 The sewing machine I got of you still gives excellent satisfaction--W. J. PATTERSON, Sullivan, Ills.

Topics of Interest.

Eastern Iowa Convention.

H. Stewart-During the past Summer I have visited over 100 bee-keepers, and where these deeper, frames were used, the a piarist was not as successful in the production of comb-honey.

Prevention of Swarming.

Mr. Hines, of Anamosa, had on exThe bee-keepers of Eastern Iowa con

hibit a hive which he invented for the

purpose. A twin bee hive. He manipvened at De Witt, on Dec. 2, with Vice

ulated the hive and frames, so as to President H, S. Bowman in the chair.

keep down the swarming fever. After roll call and routine business the

F. Coverdale-I let the bees swarm convention adjourned until 1 p.m., when

during the past Summer, and moved the the regular programme was begun, the first subject for discussion being “Bees

old hive to one side, and about 14 inches

forward. I bored a one-inch hole in the and the Farm." H. S. Bowman said-I consider it

| center of the old hive, and about 2 inch

from the bottom-board. I placed a cone profitable to keep bees in connection with farming.

in the auger hole, then fastened up the W. S. Rice-I think that bee-keeping

entrance, and put the swarm on the old

stand. All were elevated nearly as fast alone is the most profitable, for the busy

as the young bees became old enough to time for the farm and the bees come at

fly. When nearly all were hatched, part the same time. Frank Coverdale-For the past two

of the entrance was removed, the cone

taken out, and the hole fastened up. years it would be rather a light income, if one bee-yard should be depended upon

EVENING SESSION. to meet all expenses.

The evening session was very enjoyH. S. Bowman-I would not tolerate a pursuit that was not able to stand alone.

able. As those who were on the proF. Coverdale-While I consider bee

gramme for the evening were not there, keeping as an important branch of agri

the time was occupied by discussions. culture, it has, when in the hands of

MORNING SESSION-DEC. 3. the specialist, been abundantly able to stand alone.

There was a heavy rain during the

whole day, but the attendance was Spring Dwindling.

good. L. J. Pierce-Keeping them in the

Question Box. cellar until late in the Spring will help Will it pay to melt up combs, or should very much.

they be saved for hiving swarms ? D. Benton-My bees that are wintered T. Hines—When such combs were used out-doors, in chaff hives, do not dwindle.

for swarms, they did not do as well as I prefer cellar wintering, and would

where nothing but starters were given leave them in until late in the Spring

them. H. S. Bowman-The life of the worker Mr. Bowman-I would use the surplus bee, when kept confined, is about six

combs in new hives, and in building up months, and much of the Spring dwind

worker-comb in old hives. ling is caused by the natural decadence Mr. Kuebler-I agree with Mr. Bowof the colony.

man in a general way. H. Stewart-Bees should not be

Mr. Bowman-I like 2 or 3 empty allowed a flight, when wintered in the

combs to hive swarms on. cellar, until settled warm weather comes. A Member-Whenever the bees get

their work ahead of the queen, look out Brood-Frames.

for drone-comb. These 2 or 3 empty H. Stewart was of the opinion that combs will do it. quite shallow frames were as good as D. Benton-Whenever my bees are any for brood-rearing-even Mr. Hed hived on a full set of combs, or full don's divisible hive.

sheets of foundation, much of the honey H. S. Bowman-When Father Lang will be stored in the brood-chamber, stroth invented the movable-frame hive, crowding out the brood, making the he hit the happy medium, for with all colonies weaker to gather the Fall crop. attempts to improve it, no one has been Mr. Hines offered several strong argusuccessful.

ments to prove that bees cannot control Wm. Kimble-I want a frame 2 inches the secretion of wax, though it was deeper.

opposed by many.

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