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Wisconsin bee-keepers should be thinking about their next annual meeting. It will occur next month, and it is none too soon to be making arrangements to attend it. In last week's Wisconsin Farmer, Dr. Vance remarks as follows about the programme, and the membership the association ought to have:

Our Recording Secretary is engaged upon the programme for our next annual meeting, and no doubt he will present one that will draw out the best knowledge and experience. He will probably have a stenographer to take down the discussions, which will be sure to make entertaining reading for all who are interested in bee-culture.

We intend to exert our utmost to bring out every bee-keeper of the State who possibly can attend the meeting. We expect to start a "racket" that will be heard throughout the State, and shall keep it up until the date of the meeting.

Although we have had very good meetings since our organization seven or eight years ago, we have never had more than 100 present, and our membership has not been what it ought to be and must be, if our members will work for the success of our next convention in February.

Talk to your bee-keeping neighbors about the annual meeting, and stir up their interest, and get them to join the association.

Minnesota bee-keepers should attend the State convention at Owatonna on Jan. 20, 1892. All such will have free entertainment during the convention. This is an inducement seldom provided. Go to "the feast" and be refreshed in body and mind.

Mrs. L. Harrison will edit the Bee Department of the Orange Judd Farmer. She is, as our readers well know, an able writer, and will make that Department interesting. Mr. Judd is a very able and experienced editor, and the Farmer is one of the best weeklies for the farmer's home.

Now is the time to join the National Bee-Keepers' Union. Send to this office for the necessary Blanks.

The Introduction of bumblebees into New Zealand a few years ago, to secure the fertilization of the red clover, and the remarkable success of this venture are matters of record.

Mr. George M. Thomson, in the New Zealand Journal of Science, presents an interesting article on the introduced bumble-bees in New Zealand, giving also a list of the plants and flowers which are visited by these bees.

He makes the interesting statement that, with a few exceptions, he has never heard of these bees visiting the flowers of indigenous plants, but states that they have become so extraordinarily abundant that the question has even arisen in his mind as to whether they would not become as serious a pest to the apiarist, as the rabbits have proved to be to the farmer and cultivator, on account of their absorbing so much of the nectar of the flowers.

He also points out the remarkable fact in connection with the life of the bumble-bee in New Zealand, that in many parts of the colony it is to be seen daily on flowers all the year round.

Essays at conventions are sometimes quite unnecessary, as they were at the late convention at Chicago. At some conventions, we know that they are not only desirable, but very necessary. Dr. Miller, in the last Gleanings, in his usual happy vein, writes thus on this subject:

When Newman, of the AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL, changes his mind, he makes no bones of saying so. Formerly he argued that essays at a convention were essential. Now he says, in the most unreserved manner: "The Northwestern was a convention without essays, and it was a charming success. There was no want of subject-matter to discuss, and no lack of enthusiasm."

It was only the Doctor's extreme modesty which prevented him from quoting the whole item. The rest of it, on page 709, reads thus : "With such a President as Dr. Miller, no essays or

programme are ever needed." And that is the key to the situation.

If the President is thoroughly capable of being the programme himself if he is "full and running over" with subjectmatter if he is so well acquainted with the members as to grasp instantly their individual opinions and views, so as to call out a full discussion, by continually suggesting that Mr. So-and-so "holds a different view and we would like to hear from him on the subject," or words to that effect-then neither programme or essay has any place in such a meeting.

President Miller is so much at home as chairman of a bee-keepers' assembly, that he knows how long to carry on a discussion-in what channel to direct it, when to stop, so as not to weary the members, and has a happy manner of saying so that he is a whole convention in himself, including essays and programme.

The Doctor's extreme modesty led him into this "exposure," and he must not now complain. So far as the item in Gleanings was concerned, it did not represent us correctly without the last sentence-and so it was necessary for us to correct it.

Dr. J. W. Vance wisely remarks thus in the Wisconsin Farmer, on this subject:

The AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL says there were no essays read at the recent meeting of the Northwestern Bee-Keepers' Association, and yet there was no lack of subject-matter for discussion, nor want of enthusiasm. The convention was The an eminent success. editor adds: "With such a President as Dr. Miller, no essays or programme are needed."

I am inclined to think too many or too lengthy essays are not good for our annual meetings. Generally we have had good essays, but the greatest interest of the meeting has centered upon the discussions, which often had to be cut short when at the most interesting point.

Essays should only lead far enough to suggest points for discussion, and in that way they are very good. But if they overpower and crowd out discussion, they are worse than useless.

Importing Bees is a very precarious business. Walter S. Pouder sent by mail a queen to Australia, and the result is detailed in the following interesting reply:

I received your letter on Oct. 16, and the accompanying queen-cage, but I regret to have to state that everything was dead, and had apparently been so for some time.

By the same mail I had two others sent me one from Mr. Doolittle and one from Mr. Michael, of Ohio. Mr. Doolittle's queen was the sole survivor, the attendants having perished en route; while Mr. Michael managed to get through four workers, with a dead queen-38 days would therefore appear to be about the limit of time the bees can stand the confinement. However, it is evident that queens can be sent here from America.

Three of my neighbors have sent orders, and they have each been successful, and I have not heard of any failure except in my own case.

I have had 12 cages altogether sent me, but only 3 live queens-in 2 other cages there were live workers. But even this is better than my first shipment of queens from Italy, where in the 8 boxes sent me, I got nothing but a magnificent collection of fine large, beautifully developed moths.

I have had improved success since, and last month I had 7 out of 8 come through all right. (It seems that our Italian friends had provisioned their cages with comb-honey, and this comb proved to be a breeding pen for the moth.) ANEAS WALKER. Redland Bay, Australia, Oct.30,1891.

The Programme of the annual meeting of the Ontario Bee-Keepers' Association, to be held at London, Ont., on Jan. 5, 6 and 7, 1892, is as follows:

Jan. 5, 2 p.m.-Reading of minutes; Secretary's report; Treasurer's report; other official reports; President's address.

7 p.m.-Report from Mr. Corneil, delegate to North American Bee-Keepers' Association; essay by D. Chalmers on "Hives and Wintering;" essay by R. H. Smith, of Bracebridge, on Apiarian Exhibits."


Jan. 6, 9 a.m.-Affiliated society's report; foul-brood-Inspector's report; 2 p.m.-Essay by F. A. Gemmell on, "Shall we have a new bee journal or

official organ?" election of officers; question drawer, etc.

7 p.m.-Essay by R. H. Myers, on "Rendering Old Comb;" address by J. B. Hall, on "Comb or Extracted-Honey -Which ?"

Jan. 7, 9 a.m.-Other unfinished discussions.

essays and

Arrangements have been made with the Canadian Pacific and Grand Trunk railroads for reduced rates, as follows:

Persons going to London will ask the railway agent at starting point for a certificate, which he will fill in, certifying that they have purchased a firstclass single ticket to London. If there are 50 persons attending the convention, and holding these certificates, the return ticket will be given at one-third single first-class fare; but if there are less than 50 persons holding certificates, the return fare will be two-thirds single fare.

All persons traveling by rail should be sure to get these certificates filled out. It takes the agents a few minutes to fill them in, and they should be asked for 15 minutes before train time. If you require to travel over more than one railway you will require a certificate for each road.

Arrangements have been made with the Grigg House and the City Hotel for the accommodation of persons attending the convention-the former at $1.50 per day, and the latter at 80 cents to $1.00.

Our Thanks are due to the Nebraska Bee-Keeper for kind notice. We appreciate the fraternal feeling which prompted the kind words.

Michigan bee-keepers are now in session at Grand Rapids. We hope that it will be a pleasant gathering.

The Nebraska State Bee-Keepers' Association, at its late meeting, by vote, made the Nebraska Bee-Keeper its official organ. Now let every bee-keeper in that State help to make it a success. We will furnish it and the AMERICAN BEE JOURNAL one year for $1.35.

Dr. Miller was also prevented from attending the Convention at Albany, by another attack of La Grippe,

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The annual meeting of the Ontario BeeKeepers' Association will be held in the City Hall, London, Ont., Jan. 5, 6 and 7, 1892. A good programme is being prepared. The usual reduced rates have been secured with the Grand Trunk and Canadian Pacific railways. Also special hotel rates at the Grigg House at $1.50 per day, and at the City Hotel from 80 cents to $1.00 per day. All persons interested in bee-keeping are cordially invited to attend. W. COUSE, Sec., Streetsville, Ont.

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The Ohio State Bee-Keepers' Association will hold its next annual meeting at the West-End Turner Hall, on Freeman Avenue, Cincinnati, O., from Feb. 10 to 12 inclusive, 1892, beginning at 10 a.m. Wednesday, Feb. 10. All local associations should endeavor to meet with us or send their delegates. Those intending to be present, will please send their names to the Secretary, at their earliest convenience. The President will endeavor to get reduced railroad rates, and also reduced rates at hotels. The programme will soon be issued, and all particulars published.

C. F. MUTH, Pres., Cincinnati, O. S. R. MORRIS, Sec., Bloomingburg, O.

Winter Problem in bee-keeping; by G. R. Pierce, of Iowa, who has had 25 years' experience in bee-keeping, and for the past 5 years has devoted all his time and energies to the pursuit. Price, 50 cents. For sale at this office.

The sewing machine I got of you still gives excellent satisfaction--W. J PATTERSON, Sullivan, Ills.

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H. Stewart-During, the past Summer I have visited over 100 bee-keepers, and where these deeper, frames were used, the apiarist was not as successful in the production of comb-honey.

Prevention of Swarming.

Mr. Hines, of Anamosa, had on exhibit a hive which he invented for the purpose. A twin bee hive. He manipulated the hive and frames, so as to keep down the swarming fever.

F. Coverdale-I let the bees swarm during the past Summer, and moved the old hive to one side, and about 14 inches forward. I bored a one-inch hole in the center of the old hive, and about 1⁄2 inch from the bottom-board. I placed a cone in the auger hole, then fastened up the entrance, and put the swarm on the old stand. All were elevated nearly as fast as the young bees became old enough to fly. When nearly all were hatched, part of the entrance was removed, the cone taken out, and the hole fastened up.


The evening session was very enjoyable. As those who were on the programme for the evening were not there, the time was occupied by discussions.


There was a heavy rain during the whole day, but the attendance was good.

Question Box.

Will it pay to melt up combs, or should they be saved for hiving swarms?

T. Hines-When such combs were used for swarms, they did not do as well as where nothing but starters were given them.

Mr. Bowman-I would use the surplus combs in new hives, and in building up worker-comb in old hives.

Mr. Kuebler-I agree with Mr. Bowman in a general way.

Mr. Bowman-I like 2 or 3 empty combs to hive swarms on.

A Member-Whenever the bees get their work ahead of the queen, look out for drone-comb. These 2 or 3 empty combs will do it.

D. Benton-Whenever my bees are hived on a full set of combs, or full sheets of foundation, much of the honey will be stored in the brood-chamber, crowding out the brood, making the colonies weaker to gather the Fall crop.

Mr. Hines offered several strong arguments to prove that bees cannot control the secretion of wax, though it was opposed by many.

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