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Is Careful Breeding Necessary ? as I am somewhat bulky, and anticiH. S. Bowman-Careful breeding is

pated him by leaving. We soon suenecessary in order to secure the best

ceeded in finding a seat together, and

the time flew faster than we passed the results. Mr. Kuebler-I want well-bred Ital

telegraph poles, as we talked bees, hives,

etc., "for when pleasure and profit can ians, for they protect themselves better,

be combined, time runs swift and the and gather more honey. G. Jacobs—My 40 colonies are hybrids,

heart is glad." Mr. Taylor said that he and I like them better than pure Italia vs.

had been a bee-keeper for forty-five H. Stewart-Go where you will, and

years, that his enthusiasm was yearly on you will find advocates of scrub cattle

the increase, and that if he did not and scrub horses, but he who breeds for

make anything from them for ten years the higher points, reaps his reward.

he would keep on.

AUTOMATIC HIVER. that would put together one-piece sections the best and quickest. C. Kuebler

Mr. Taylor's countenance beamed

with delight as he reached for a small won the first, and W. S. Rice the second. Adjourned until 1 p.m.

hand-satchel and opened it. I imagined

that he carried some pets in there, and AFTERNOON SESSION.

was not disappointed. He thought that The meeting was called to order by

it was the best part of a convention to President Kimble. A letter was read

have hives and fixtures brought there so from the State Secretary, asking the

that a comparison could be made, and

their good and bad points discussed. co-operation of the Eastern Iowa bee

He handed me a photograph, cabinet keepers in securing an appropriation for

size, and I soon saw that it did not conan exhibit at the World's Fair.

tain his pleasant shadow, but that of a Three delegates were appointed to

hive with an automatic hiver attachattend the next annual meeting of the

ment. I will not try to describe this State association. They were H. S. Bowman, Frank Coverdale, and Wm.

hiver, as I may not be able to describe it Kimble.

intelligibly to my readers, but will try to The election of officers then took

explain the principle of it:

All self-hivers that I ever heard about place, and resulted as follows: President-H. S. Bowman, Maquoketa,

before, conducted the bees by a passageIowa.

way into a hive placed by the side of a Vice-President-Henry Stewart, Proph

colony, but Mr. Taylor said that as the etstown, Ills.

queen and bees fly upward, his passageSecretary-Frank Coverdale, Welton,

way is constructed so that the bees folIowa.

low this inclination and go upward. Treasurer-L. J. Pierce, DeWitt, Iowa.

This passageway is of the width of the Maquoketa was chosen as the place to

hive, and as tall again. On the top of hold the next meeting at the call of the

this towering way a light box, with two President.

sides of wire gauze, is fastened with Van FRANK COVERDALE, Sec. Welton, Iowa.

Deusen clasps. There is a strong draught of air out of the hive while the bees are swarming, and this is utilized to close a door in the passageway, which shuts the bees in, and they go up into

the hiyer with the queen. Those that MRS. L. HARRISON.

gather on the outside of the wire gauze. As I was returning from the Chicago What a bonanza this hiver would be Bee Convention I saw a tall man, clothed for the women-put on a hiver, knead in fur, enter the car. I took him to be the bread, mind the baby, and cook the B. Taylor, of Forestville, Minn., but I good man's dinner, without fear of the was not sure, as there was so little of bees going to the woods. No need of him to be seen on account of the fur. hurry to hive them, either. They can But the temptation of having an intelli be put into the cellar for forty-eight gent bee-keeper to talk with overcome hours, and when hived there will be no my timidity, and leaving my seat I went danger of their turning up their nose to where he sat and found that I had been and escaping to the woods-emigrating correct in my surmises.

West. I stood in the aisle talking for a while, If this hiver never comes into general when I saw by the eye of the conductor use, the inventor has had a deal of comthat I was obstructing the passageway, I fort and satisfaction in manufacturing it

Automatic Hiver, Bee-Escape, Etc.

in his shop, where he has many tools nearly completed for the convention to and fine machinery.

be held in the Agricultural Room at the

State House, at Indianapolis, on Jan. 8, BEE-ESCAPES.

1892, at 1 p.m. So far as arranged, it I was not at all surprised when Mr. is as follows: Taylor put his hand into the satchel and 1. Business. brought out a bee-escape-the British 2. Voluntary reports of experience in call them "super-cleaners." My part the apiary during the past Summer. ner in the stings and sweets in the 3. A year among the bees. (a.) Spring, honey business, says that he does not see Ora Knowlton, New Brunswick. (h.) how we can keep house without them, Summer, Joseph Myers, Gray. (c.) Fall, though we have had no opportunity of G. P. Wilson, Toll Gate. (d.) Winter, testing their good qualities since the David Scott, Bloomsdale. crop was harvested. .

4. The anatomy of the honey-bee, I wish my readers could see this one ; illustrated, E. H. Collins. it is a tin tunnel with an inclined brass 5. Getting bees out of the sections, walk through the middle, and when the illustrated, J. T. Dinsmore. bee gets to the end of it she jumps off. 6. Plans and suggestions for Summer

It is like the spring-board that boys have to dive into the water. When the Herr, Westfield. bee wishes to return the end of the 7. Winter protection, Chas. F. Muth, spring-board is in her way, and prevents Cincinnati, O. her doing so. I have quite a museum of 8. A talk to beginners, Geo. C. bee-escapes, but I am suffering for more. Thompson, Southport.

I have some that stand up and some 9. Hindrance to bee-culture, Walter that lie down, and some in the shape of a S. Pouder, Indianapolis. star. When I have an opportunity of 10. Should the State Board furnish a trying them, I will tell you which pleases stenographer for the general State me best.

societies? Discussion. QUEEN-CELL PROTECTORS.

There will be on exhibition many con

veniences and interesting specimens to "What is this, mamma?” said an eight

instruct the bee-keeper. year-old, as she exhibited her forefinger

E. H. COLLINS, Pres. covered with a spiral cone made of wire.

"Oh, that's mamma's ! You must not touch it. “Mr. Taylor gave it to me. It is a queen-cell protector. The cell is put into it, and the bee cannot bite into the sides of it to destroy the queen; and

J. E. POND. when she is old enough she comes out of the little hole into the hive. That little My experience covers over twenty years handle of wire can keep it from falling of time, and has been drawn from a condown between the combs, or can be

stant series of experiments, the result stuck into one."-Prairie Farmer.

being that I do not fear cold of itself, Peoria, Ills.

and that if the bees can be kept dry they will safely withstand any reasonable degree of Winter weather. The sole secret, in my opinion, being ample stores and freedom from moisture. I

have always wintered bees on summerE. H. COLLINS.

stands, in all sorts of hives, single and The Indiana State Bee-Keepers’ Asso

doubled-walled, chaff, etc., and have not ciation has now been in active existence met, during the whole time I have had more than a decade. It was at first

bees, with 1 per cent of loss, and, in fact, organized during the excitement over the

the only losses I have ever met with were introduction of Italian bees. When this

my own fault, and owing to the want of was well accomplished, the bee-keepers sufficient stores to carry them through. continued the meetings for the educa My experience teaches me that a large tional and social advantages they af entrance is a necessity; that ventilation forded. It is always a happy experience should be downward, and when a hive for those directly interested in any occu is so prepared that little, if any, moispation to meet and talk.

ture is retained, the bees are perfectly The attendance and interest at these | safe as far as cold is concerned. meetings has been increased for the last | My Winter preparation consists simply year or two. The programme is now | in giving from one to two inches of space

Preparing Bees for Winter.

Indiana State Conyention.

North American Bee-Keepers' Association.

between top of frames and the cover or pecially by farmers, and those who mat; that is, I use only a piece of bur- allow the bees to “shift for themselves.” lap, or old carpet, to confine the bees, at Should the coming Winter prove a the top leaving not less than one inch severe one, those who have placed their of space between the mat and top of affections in the thin shells without frames. On top of the mat I pack packing, will be among the chief mournloosely five or six inches of forest leaves, ers next April. or their equivalent.

The honey-dew was, after all, a This method of preparation, with am “blessing in disguise,” for without it we ple stores, and a large entrance, carries would have had to feed in July, or lose my bees through safely all the time. If our bees. The trouble was, that there I am asked why, I should say the excess was little else to be had. It kept up of moisture is carried off at the top of brood-rearing, and the young bees gaththe hive; the ventilation is downward ered the Winter stores.-Plowman. through the entrance, and this excess of Milan, Ills. moisture cannot be collected. This is not theory; it is practice. It is not an improved experiment, but a matter that has been tested over and over again, with like results in every case. I prefer double-walled hives, as they

W. Z. HUTCHINSON. do give protection to a large extent, but I Winter bees in single-walled hives,

A few of the more enterprising memwith the temperature 150 to 200 below bers arrrived at Albany, N. Y., Dec. 8, zero.

1891, and the evening was passed in an Complexity has always been at war informal chat, the renewing of old with simplicity, but when all learn that

friendships, and the forming of new simplicity is king, then they will begin

ones. The first formal meeting was held to accomplish great results.-American on the morning of Dec. 10, when PresiBee-Keeper.

dent Elwood addressed the Convention North Attleboro, Mass.

as follows:

President's Address. The labors and experiences of another season are ended, and its lessons largely

learned. A bee-keeper of my acquaintC. H. DIBBERN.

ance devotes this part of the year to a

careful comparison of the main points The successful bee-keeper can find in the season's experience with those of plenty of work to do now, that will

| previous years. The facts are then still greatly lessen the work when the busy fresh in mind, and the conclusions are time comes again.

useful. In proof that he is eminently Now is a good time to work in the successful in his business, I might menshop, by the side of a warm stove, and tion his name but for fear of his modest overhaul the empty hives and cases, and presence with us. So we, in Convention put all in good repair for another season. assembled, may compare our varied

It is a capital time now to make up experiences during the season just closed, the sections for next season, put in the

and, on doubtful points, gather wisdom foundation, and store them away where

more rapidly and cheaply than to work mice and rats cannot get at them. They

it out in our own bee-yards. will be very handy next June.

With so large a crop in one part of our If some of the supers have a good dea]

country that the markets are surfeited, of burr-comb sticking to them, see if the

while much of the remaining portion is

begging for choice comb-honey, it may bee-spaces are not faulty.

be that we shall learn a useful lesson on If your hives or fixtures need painting,

the distribution of our products. What now is as good a time as any to do it.

are the hindrances to a better distribuIf you will hunt up work now, it will

tion of honey ? not hunt you so persistently next Spring. 1. Our method of marketing, which

That all sections filled with honey-dew hurries it off to market without waiting had better be put in cases by themselves, to learn where it is needed. and used to stimulate the bees next 2. Freight rates are too high, and what Spring.

| is worse, honey is handled carelessly by Many bees will be lost the coming | railroad men, making it difficult to reach Winter by the "starvation plan,” es- | distant markets.

Some Seasonable Hints.

After signing a release and loading looked, I consider it my duty as an and unloading his own honey, the bee- elected representative of the bee-keepkeeper is charged double the rates he ing interests of this country, to address ought to pay by these servants of the a protest early in the year to the State people.

Department against the free admission A recent ruling, which compelled the of honey from Cuba. A copy of the letshipper to cover the glass, that has been ter is here appended : used for a score of years, chiefly to secure more careful handling, is a fair

STARKVILLE, May 14, 1891. sample of the treatment we receive. Hon. James G. Blaine, State Department, This Association should vigorously pro

Washington, D. C. test against this unwarranted interfer

MR. SECRETARY:--Information reaches ence with our rights, and a committee

me that this country and Spain will should be appointed to work diligently probably agree upon a treaty of reciuntil reduced rates and better treatment

procity. With such probabilities ahead, are secured. We have had such a com

I desire to be informed, as representative mittee in our State Association, but we

of the bee-keeping industry, whether need a united effort throughout the coun honey is upon the free list. If so, I try.

wish at this early day to enter an em3. Lack of uniformity of packages and phatic protest against any change in the grading is a barrier to a proper distribu tariff. tion. What is accepted in one market is The contemplated removal of the duty not in another. Put up the honey to on honey in the Spanish American treaty meet the demands of the market 'to a few years since was met by a most which it is sent, has been the advice. emphatic protest from the 300,000 beeThis sounds too much like the cry of the keepers of the United States of Amersensational or Sunday newspaper man,

ica. Much better reason have they now who says “ we publish what the people for protesting, since the great reduction demand," and the paper gets down lower in the price of cane-sugar, the chief and lower all the time. The people are

competitor of liquid or strained honey. not always the best judges of their

The removal of the duty on foreign needs, and often have to be educated. sugar was followed by a bounty to our

Starting with the two-pound box, domestic sugar producers, even to the glassed, we have successfully met and producers of maple-sugar, which is catered to the demand for one-pound chiefly an article of luxury, and not a sections, glassed and unglassed, full

competitor of cane-sugar in the manuweights and light weights, paper cartons

factures as is “strained” honey. Our and pasteboard boxes, wood and mica legislators, who so kindly remembered sides, thick (2-inch) boxes and thin the sugar growers, entirely forget the boxes, 1%, 1% down to 1%-inch, square honey producers, whose product is but boxes and tall boxes, until there is the sugar under another name. In the mangreatest diversity in packages, and it is ufacture of certain products honey is difficult for a dealer to duplicate an superior to sugar, although not so much order for any quality, unless it is from superior but that we shall have to lower the same consignment. The producer present prices in many cases to avoid the has wasted his substance in continual substitution of the inferior and cheaper changes, and, like the sensational editor,

article. has been but a puppet to a senseless de Now, to permit Cuban honey to enter mand.

free, and still further reduce prices, We should adopt a standard, and if would be an act of injustice that could glassed honey looks better, carries bet hardly be forgiven. In fact, it is quester and keeps better, why not gradu tionable whether our industry could ally enlarge the production of this kind, survive, unless it should be that limited

branch of it devoted to the production buy honey in the standard box, or “sec of comb and liquid honey for table use. tion."

Cuba is probably the finest honey producI have this year had calls for glassed ing country in the world, and capable honey from the West, and yearly the of producing on immense amount of demand for this kind is increasing in the honey. So superior is it in this respect East.

that several of our most intelligent beeIn the reduction of duty on sugar, no keepers have left all of the advantages bee-keeper, to my knowledge, was con of their native land to engage in the prosulted, and fearing that, in the con duction of honey there. templated treaty between this country Our industry is still in its infancy, and and Spain we might again be over-| while we already produce many million

pounds of honey, it is capable of an ex firm of bakers within a few months pansion so great as to wholly eclipse the bought $13,000 worth of honey to use present production of sugar from the in their business, we are led to believe sugar-cane. Four contiguous counties that its use might be largely extended. have produced in one season over four Manufacturers have learned that cermillion pounds of honey, and this repre tain chemical processes take place with sents but a fractional part of what honey that do not with sugar. might have been gathered.

In medicine honey might often be subKnowing well the genuine interest you stituted for syrup, to the benefit of the take in the welfare of the people of your patient, as it is more easily digested, and country, I am confident that you will in lung and throat diseases it is a valugive this subject the attention its import able medicine. ance deserves. Should there be any Formerly it was the custom of our points on which you desire additional secretaries to prepare a copy of our proinformation, command me at your pleas ceedings for the press, or a copy from ure. Yours, etc., P. H. ELWOOD, which reporters could make extracts. I President of the North American Bee advise that we return to this custom. Keepers' Association; also President of Reporters are not familiar with beethe United States Honey Producers' keeping, and while we sometimes have Exchange, and President of the New excellent reports, usually those pubYork State Bee-Keepers' Association. lished in our dailies are not creditable to

either bee-men or to the papers that pubThe letter I received in reply is not at lish them. I therefore ask that our hand, but it stated that the subject Secretary furnish a report for the press. should have the attention its importance We are pleased to have with us in this seemed to demand. I am glad to say meeting many representative bee-keepthat the treaty makes no change in the ers who have not met with us heretofore. present duty.

Mr. Frank Benton, who has nearly As the hand of our legislators has compassed the world in search of new once been laid heavily upon us, and may varieties of bees, and to whom bee-keepbe again, I suggest that a standing ers are under lasting obligations, exsowatch-dog" committee on legislation pected to be here, but is kept away by be appointed. Also, if you think best, sickness. this committee may be authorized to One whom we have been accustomed draft a bill regulating the use of arseni to meet at our State Conventions is not cal poisons on fruits and vegetables, by here-Mr. G. H. Ashby-whom we held spraying and other processes. That bill in high esteem for his superior qualities should be in suitable form for submis of head and heart, will be sadly missed sion to the several State Legislatures. on the floor of this Convention. The Committee on Medals have com

P. H. ELWOOD. pleted their labors, suitable dies have A vote of thanks was given to the been obtained, and medals stamped for

President for his able address. distribution to affiliated societies, as called for in the Constitution. Much

A recess was then taken, when the credit is due to Mr. Thomas G. Newman,

following members paid the annual dues: who worked on this committee with his J. S. Barb, Oakfield, Ohio. usual vigor and ability. A few extra B. Wells, Fostoria, Ohio. medals to be awarded for meritorious E. Calvert, Valley Junction, Iowa. inventions, discoveries and experiments, F. A. Hayes, Farragut, Pa. would help our society and pursuit.

P. H. Elwood, Starkville, N. Y. The original experiments made by Pro J. M. Hambaugh, Spring, Ill. fessor Cook, on Fertilization by the 0. L. Hershiser, 24 W. Seneca street, Honey-Bee, read at Washington, is Buffalo, N. Y. worthy of a medal, but probably our W. E. Clark, Oriskany, N. Y. awards should be conditioned on having W. D. Wright, Altamont, N. Y. the report first made to this Society. I R. F. Holtermann, Brantford, Ontario. hope Professor Cook has continued his V. V. Blackmer, Orwell, Vt. experiments so as to include buckwheat, Solomon Vrooman, Hartford, N. Y. as farmers have but little idea of the S. Corneil, Lindsay, Ontario, great benefit they derive from the honey R. McKnight, Owen Sound, Ontario. bee in the fertilization of this grain.

H. L. Leonard, Brandon, Vt. A medal should be offered for the best J. E. Crane, Middlebury, Vt. essay for general distribution on "The R. H. Holmes, Shoreham, Vt. use of Honey in the Arts and Manufac Ira Barber, DeKalb Junction, N. Y. tures." When we know that a single J. E. Hetherington, Cherry Valley, N.Y.

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