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in his shop, where he has many tools nearly completed for the convention to and fine machinery.

be held in the Agricultural Room at the

State House, at Indianapolis, on Jan. 8, BEE-ESCAPES.

1892, at 1 p.m. So far as arranged, it I was not at all surprised when Mr. | is as follows: Taylor put his hand into the satchel and 1. Business. brought out a bee-escape-the British 2. Voluntary reports of experience in call them “super-cleaners.” My part the apiary during the past Summer. der in the stings and sweets in the 3. A year among the bees. (a.) Spring, honey business, says that he does not see Ora Knowlton, New Brunswick. (b.) how we can keep house without them, Summer, Joseph Myers, Gray. (c.) Fall, though we have had no opportunity of G. P. Wilson, Toll Gate. (a.) Winter, testing their good qualities since the David Scott, Bloomsdale. crop was harvested.

4. The anatomy of the honey-bee, I wish my readers could see this one ; illustrated, E. H. Collins. it is a tin tunnel with an inclined brass 5. Getting bees out of the sections, walk through the middle, and when the illustrated, J. T. Dinsmore. bee gets to the end of it she jumps off. 6. Plans and suggestions for Summer

It is like the spring-board that boys meetings of local societies, Mrs. Dr. have to dive into the water. When the Herr, Westfield. bee wishes to return the end of the 7. Winter protection, Chas. F. Muth, spring-board is in her way, and prevents Cincinnati, o. her doing so. I have quite a museum of 8. A talk to beginners, Geo. C. bee-escapes, but I am suffering for more. Thompson, Southport.

I have some that stand up and some 9. Hindrance to bee-culture, Walter that lie down, and some in the shape of a S. Pouder, Indianapolis. star. When I have an opportunity of 10. Should the State Board furnish a trying them, I will tell you which pleases stenographer for the general State me best.

societies ? Discussion.

There will be on exhibition many conQUEEN-CELL PROTECTORS.

veniences and interesting specimens to "What is this, mamma?” said an eight-| instruct the bee-keeper. year-old, as she exhibited her forefinger

E. H. COLLINS, Pres. covered with a spiral cone made of wire.

"Oh, that's mamma's ! You must not touch it. “ Mr. Taylor gave it to me. It is a queen-cell protector. The cell is put into it, and the bee cannot bite into the sides of it to destroy the queen; and

J. E. POND. when she is old enough she comes out of the little hole into the hive. That little

My experience covers over twenty years handle of wire can keep it from falling

of time, and has been drawn from a condown between the combs, or can be

stant series of experiments, the result stuck into one."-Prairie Farmer.

being that I do not fear cold of itself, Peoria, Ills.

and that if the bees can be kept dry they will safely withstand any reasonable degree of Winter weather. The sole secret, in my opinion, being, ample stores and freedom from moisture. I

have always wintered bees on summerE. H. COLLINS.

stands, in all sorts of hives, single and The Indiana State Bee-Keepers’ Asso

doubled-walled, chaff, etc., and have not ciation has now been in active existence

met, during the whole time I have had more than a decade. It was at first

bees, with 1 per cent of loss, and, in fact, organized during the excitement over the

the only losses I have ever met with were introduction of Italian bees. When this my own fault, and owing to the want of was well accomplished, the bee-keepers sufficient stores to carry them through. continued the meetings for the educa My experience teaches me that a large tional and social advantages they af entrance is a necessity; that ventilation forded. It is always a happy experience should be downward, and when a hive for those directly interested in any occu is so prepared that little, if any, moispation to meet and talk.

ture is retained, the bees are perfectly The attendance and interest at these safe as far as cold is concerned. meetings has been increased for the last My Winter preparation consists simply year or two. The programme is now l in giving from one to two inches of space

Preparing Bees for Winter.

Indiana State Conyention.

between top of frames and the cover or pecially by farmers, and those who mat; that is, I use only a piece of bur allow the bees to “ shift for themselves." lap, or old carpet, to confine the bees, at Should the coming Winter prove a the top leaving not less than one inch severe one, those who have placed their of space between the mat and top of affections in the thin shells without frames. On top of the mat I pack packing, will be among the chief mournloosely five or six inches of forest leaves, ers next April. or their equivalent.

The honey-dew was, after all, a This method of preparation, with am 6 blessing in disguise,” for without it we ple stores, and a large entrance, carries would have had to feed in July, or lose my bees through safely all the time. If our bees. The trouble was, that there I am asked why, I should say the excess was little else to be had. It kept up of moisture is carried off at the top of brood-rearing, and the young bees gaththe hive; the ventilation is downward | ered the Winter stores.—Plowman. through the entrance, and this excess of Milan, Ills. moisture cannot be collected. This is not theory; it is practice. It is not an improved experiment, but a matter that

North American Bee-Keepers' Association. has been tested over and over again, with like results in every case. I prefer double-walled hives, as they

W. Z. HUTCHINSON. do give protection to a large extent, but I Winter bees in single-walled hives,

A few of the more enterprising memwith the temperature 150 to 200 below bers arrrived at Albany, N. Y., Dec. 8, zero.

1891, and the evening was passed in an Complexity has always been at war

informal chat, the renewing of old with simplicity, but when all learn that friendships, and the forming of new simplicity is king, then they will begin

ones. The first formal meeting was held to accomplish great results.-American

on the morning of Dec. 10, when PresiBee-Keeper.

dent Elwood addressed the Convention North Attleboro, Mass.

as follows:

President's Address.
Some Seasonable Hints.

The labors and experiences of another season are ended, and its lessons largely

learned. A bee-keeper of my acquaintC. H. DIBBERN.

ance devotes this part of the year to a

careful comparison of the main points The successful bee-keeper can find in the season's experience with those of plenty of work to do now, that will

previous years. The facts are then still greatly lessen the work when the busy

fresh in mind, and the conclusions are time comes again.

useful. In proof that he is eminently Now is a good time to work in the successful in his business, I might menshop, by the side of a warm stove, and tion his name but for fear of his modest overhaul the empty hives and cases, and presence with us. So we, in Convention put all in good repair for another season. assembled, may compare our varied

It is a capital time now to make up experiences during the season just closed, the sections for next season, put in the

and, on doubtful points, gather wisdom foundation, and store them away where

more rapidly and cheaply than to work mice and rats cannot get at them. They

it out in our own bee-yards. will be very handy next June.

With so large a crop in one part of our If some of the supers have a good deal

country that the markets are surfeited, of burr-comb sticking to them, see if the

while much of the remaining portion is

begging for choice comb-honey, it may bee-spaces are not faulty.

be that we shall learn a useful lesson on If your hives or fixtures need painting,

the distribution of our products. What now is as good a time as any to do it.

are the hindrances to a better distribuIf you will hunt up work now, it will

tion of honey ? not hunt you so persistently next Spring. 1. Our method of marketing, which

That all sections filled with honey-dew hurries it off to market without waiting had better be put in cases by themselves, to learn where it is needed. and used to stimulate the bees next 2. Freight rates are too high, and what Spring.

is worse, honey is handled carelessly by Many bees will be lost the coming | railroad men, making it difficult to reach Winter by the "starvation plan,” es- | distant markets.

After signing a release and loading Jooked, I consider it my duty as an and unloading his own honey, the bee elected representative of the bee-keepkeeper is charged double the rates he ing interests of this country, to address ought to pay by these servants of the a protest early in the year to the State people.

Department against the free admission A recent ruling, which compelled the of honey from Cuba. A copy of the letshipper to cover the glass, that has been ter is here appended : used for a score of years, chiefly to secure more careful handling, is a fair

STARKVILLE, May 14, 1891. sample of the treatment we receive.

Hon. James G. Blaine, State Department, This Association should vigorously pro

Washington, D. C. test against this unwarranted interfer

MR. SECRETARY:-Information reaches ence with our rights, and a committee me that this country and Spain will should be appointed to work diligently probably agree upon a treaty of reciuntil reduced rates and better treatment procity. With such probabilities ahead, are secured. We have had such a com

I desire to be informed, as representative mittee in our State Association, but we

of the bee-keeping industry, whether | - need a united effort throughout the coun honey is upon the free list. If so, I try.

wish at this early day to enter an em1 3. Lack of uniformity of packages and phatic protest against any change in the grading is a barrier to a proper distribu

tariff. tion. What is accepted in one market is

The contemplated removal of the duty not in another. Put up the honey to

on honey in the Spanish American treaty meet the demands of the market 'to a few years since was met by a most which it is sent, has been the advice. emphatic protest from the 300,000 beeThis sounds too much like the cry of the keepers of the United States of Amersensational or Sunday newspaper man,

ica. Much better reason have they now who says "we publish what the people

for protesting, since the great reduction demand," and the paper gets down lower in the price of cane-sugar, the chief and lower all the time. The people are competitor of liquid or strained honey. not always the best judges of their

The removal of the duty on foreign needs, and often have to be educated. sugar was followed by a bounty to our

Starting with the two-pound box, domestic sugar producers, even to the glassed, we have successfully met and producers of maple-sugar, which is catered to the demand for one-pound chiefly an article of luxury, and not a sections, glassed and unglassed, full competitor of cane-sugar in the manuweights and light weights, paper cartons

factures as is “strained ” honey. Our and pasteboard boxes, wood and mica legislators, who so kindly remembered sides, thick (2-inch) boxes and thin the sugar growers, entirely forget the boxes, 1%, 1%4 down to 1%-inch, square honey producers, whose product is but boxes and tall boxes, until there is the sugar under another name. In the mangreatest diversity in packages, and it is ufacture of certain products honey is difficult for a dealer to duplicate an superior to sugar, although not so much order for any quality, unless it is from superior but that we shall have to lower the same consignment. The producer present prices in many cases to avoid the has wasted his substance in continual | substitution of the inferior and cheaper changes, and, like the sensational editor, article. has been but a puppet to a senseless de Now, to permit Cuban honey to enter mand.

free, and still further reduce prices, We should adopt a standard, and if I would be an act of injustice that could glassed honey looks better, carries bet hardly be forgiven. In fact, it is quester and keeps better, why not gradu tionable whether our industry could ally enlarge the production of this kind, survive, unless it should be that limited and, if possible, educate the consumer to branch of it devoted to the production

uy honey in the standard box, or “sec- | of comb and liquid noney for table use tion."

Cuba is probably the finest honey producI have this year had calls for glassed ing country in the world, and capable honey from the West, and yearly the of producing on immense amount of demand for this kind is increasing in the honey. So superior is it in this respect

that several of our most intelligent beeIn the reduction of duty on sugar, no keepers have left all of the advantages bee-keeper, to my knowledge, was con

of their native land to engage in the prosulted, and fearing that, in the con duction of honey there. lernplated treaty between this country Our industry is still in its infancy, and da Spain we might again be over- | while we already produce many million


pounds of honey, it is capable of an ex firm of bakers within a few months pansion so great as to wholly eclipse the bought $13,000 worth of honey to use present production of sugar from the in their business, we are led to believe sugar-cane. Four contiguous counties that its use might be largely extended. have produced in one season over four Manufacturers have learned that cermillion pounds of honey, and this repre tain chemical processes take place with sents but a fractional part of what honey that do not with sugar. might have been gathered.

In medicine honey might often be subKnowing well the genuine interest you stituted for syrup, to the benefit of the take in the welfare of the people of your patient, as it is more easily digested, and country, I am confident that you will in lung and throat diseases it is a valugive this subject the attention its import able medicine. ance deserves. Should there be any Formerly it was the custom of our points on which you desire additional secretaries to prepare a copy of our proinformation, command me at your pleas ceedings for the press, or a copy from ure. - Yours, etc., P. H. ELWOOD, which reporters could make extracts. I President of the North American Bee advise that we return to this custom. Keepers' Association; also President of Reporters are not familiar with beethe United States Honey Producers' keeping, and while we sometimes have Exchange, and President of the New excellent reports, usually those pubYork State Bee-Keepers' Association. lished in our dailies are not creditable to

either bee-men or to the papers that pubThe letter I received in reply is not at lish them. I therefore ask that our hand, but it stated that the subject Secretary furnish a report for the press. should have the attention its importance We are pleased to have with us in this seemed to demand. I am glad to say meeting many representative bee-keepthat the treaty makes no change in the ers who have not met with us heretofore. present duty.

Mr. Frank Benton, who has nearly As the hand of our legislators has compassed the world in search of new once been laid heavily upon us, and may varieties of bees, and to whom bee-keepbe again, I suggest that a standing ers are under lasting obligations, ex"watch-dog” committee on legislation pected to be here, but is kept away by be appointed. Also, if you think best, sickness. this committee may be authorized to One whom we have been accustomed draft a bill regulating the use of arseni to meet at our State Conventions is not cal poisons on fruits and vegetables, by here-Mr. G. H. Ashby-whom we held spraying and other processes. That bill in high esteem for his superior qualities should be in suitable form for submis of head and heart, will be sadly missed sion to the several State Legislatures. on the floor of this Convention. The Committee on Medals have com

P. H. ELWOOD. pleted their labors, suitable dies have

A vote of thanks was given to the been obtained, and medals stamped for

President for his able address. distribution to affiliated societies, as called for in the Constitution. Much

A recess was then taken, when the credit is due to Mr. Thomas G. Newman,

following members paid the annual dues: who worked on this committee with his J. S. Barb, Oakfield, Ohio. usual vigor and ability. A few extra B. Wells, Fostoria, Ohio. medals to be awarded for meritorious E. Calvert, Valley Junction, Iowa. inventions, discoveries and experiments, F. A. Hayes, Farragut, Pa. would help our society and pursuit.

P. H. Elwood, Starkville, N. Y. The original experiments made by Pro J. M. Hambaugh, Spring, Ill. fessor Cook, on Fertilization by the 0. L. Hershiser, 24 W. Seneca street, Honey-Bee, read at Washington, is Buffalo, N. Y. worthy of a medal, but probably our W. E. Clark, Oriskany, N. Y. awards should be conditioned on having W. D. Wright, Altamont, N. Y. the report first made to this Society. I R. F. Holtermann, Brantford, Ontario. hope Professor Cook has continued his V. V. Blackmer, Orwell, Vt. experiments so as to include buckwheat, Solomon Vrooman, Hartford, N. Y. as farmers have but little idea of the S. Corneil, Lindsay, Ontario, great benefit they derive from the honey R. McKnight, Owen Sound, Ontario. bee in the fertilization of this grain.

H. L. Leonard, Brandon, Vt. A medal should be offered for the best J. E. Crane, Middlebury, Vt. essay for general distribution on “The R. H. Holmes, Shoreham, Vt. use of Honey in the Arts and Manufac Ira Barber, DeKalb Junction, N. Y. tures." When we know that a single | J. E. Hetherington, Cherry Valley, N.Y.


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W. L. Coggshall, West Groton, N. Y.

LIFE MEMBERS PRESENT. Miles Morton, Groton, N. Y.

E. R. Root, Medina, Ohio. A. A. Brimmer, Hoosick, N. Y.

Charles Dadant, Hamilton, Ill. J. F. Wood, North Prescott, Mass.

Eugene Secor, Forest City, Iowa. E. B. Smith, Millford, Pa.

G. H. Knickerbocker, Pine Plains, N.Y. A. W. Smith, Parksville, N. Y. E. U. Parshall, Cooperstown, N. Y.

LADY MEMBERS. J. Van Deusen, Sprout Brook, N. Y.

Miss M. A. Douglas, Shoreham, Vt. N. D. West, Middleburg, N. Y.

Mrs. J. Vandervort, Laceyville, Pa. J. O. Munson, East Lansing, N. Y.

Mrs. H. L. Leonard, Brandon, Vt. A. P. Slater, Preston, N. Y.

Mrs. W. J. Haviland, Glens Falls, N.Y. C. A. Hallegas, DeKalb Junction, N. Y.

Mrs. Thomas Pierce, Gansevoort, N.Y. W. G. Larrabee, Larrabee's Point, Vt.

Mrs. Frank Benton, Washington, D. C. Edgar Briggs, Poughkeepsie, N. Y.

Miss M. J. LaGrange, Guilderland, N.Y. Ambrose Pealer, Danube, N. Y.

Miss Cynthia Payne, Victor, N. Y.
Thomas Pierce, Gansevoort, N. Y.
D. E. Floyd, Nelliston, N. Y

Upon the Convention being called to C. M. Woolser, Richfield Springs, N.Y. order, it was voted that Thomas G. J. H. M. Cook, 78 Barclay st., N. Y. Newman & Son be · paid $20.00 toF. A. Lockhart, Lake George, N. Y.

wards publishing, in pamphlet form, the A. Armbrust, Schenectady, N. Y. report of this Convention, as usual. F. M. Hawkins, Poultney, Vt.

The Committee on Incorporation reA. H. Wood, Hanover, N. H.

ported as follows: L. H. Bartram, Sharon, Conn. A. W. Manderville, 285 High street, Report of Committee on Incorporation. Newark, N. J.

Your committee to which was referred David Stoddard, Ballston Center, N.Y.

the matter of incorporating the North W. W. Cary, Colerain, Mass.

American Bee-Keepers' Association, beg Levi Defreest, Troy, N. Y.

to report that they have attended to the W. Z. Hutchinson, Flint, Mich.

matter, and the certificate of incorporaE. A. Stratton, Horseheads, N. Y.

tion is in the hands of the Secretary, and Claude Smith, Norwich, N. Y.

the fees for the same have been paid by C. D. Robinson, West Groton, N. Y.

the Association. The life members in the D. H. Coggshall, West Groton, N. Y. S. F. Pratt, Marlborough, Mass.

United States were by vote designated as

the incorporators
1. J. Stringham, 92 Barclay st., N. Y.

Thos. G. NEWMAN, Chairman.
G. A. Burhams, Cooksburg, N. Y.
Norwood Burhams, Cooksburg, N. Y. The report of the committee was
Charles Stewart, Sammonsville, N. Y. approved, and the committee was dis-
R. L. Taylor, Lapeer, Mich.

F. Allen, West Berne, N. Y.

R. McKnight-Is this Society incorJulius Hoffman, Canajoharie, N. Y. porated under a State law, or does it W. H. Mallory, Worcester, N. Y.

cover the whole country ? Eugene Converse, Coventry, N. Y.

E. R. Root-It is incorporated under G. M. Doolittle, Borodino, N. Y.

a State law, but its influence is National. Arthur Barnes, Canajoharie, N. Y.

R. McKnight-Is not incorporating it George E. Davis, Shelburne Falls, Mass. under a State law making a local society V. N. Forbes, West Haven, Vt.

of what was a National body? . S, Ward, Fuller's Station, N. Y.

J. E. Hetherington-It is necessary to E. D. Kniffer. Middleburg, N. Y.

incorporate under a State law. That is 1. Parent, Birchton, N. Y.

the only way in which it can be incorF. H. 1. Cyrenius, Oswego, N. Y.

porated ; but such incorporation does Vandervort. Laceyville, Pa.

not prevent it from being National in
Hastings, New York Mills, N.Y. character.

Spencer, Coventryville, N. Y. The Manager of the National Bee-
Porter, Charlottesville, Va. Keepers' Union reported as follows:
Alexander, Esperance, N. Y.

The Bee-Keepers' Union.
John L. Watkins. Sandy Hill, N. Y.
* Benton, Washington, D. C.

As General Manager of the National enry Segelken, 28 and 30 W. Broad Bee-Keepers' Union, which is now under

the fostering care of the North AmeriThurber, Whyland & Co., 116 Reade can Bee-Keepers' Association, I would

report that it is still laboring for the S. Scudder, Amsterdam, N. Y. welfare of Bee-Keepers, and defending vaarles Israel, 70 Hudson street, N.Y. | them in their rights and privileges as

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