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thing of our Saviour, I served vain idols, which I now out holiness no man shall see the Lord;” and they feel, wish to see destroyed with fire. Of this I have repented more intensely than other men, that their whole nature with many tears. When I heard that Jesus was the should be a constant offering of devotedness to his glory.
Where much is felt to have been forgiven, there will be Saviour of the heathen, and that I ought to give him
much love. When there is the greatest consciousness my heart, I felt a drawing within me toward him. But of benefits, we expect the greatest measure of obedience. my nearest relations, my wife and children, were my And it is hardly doubtful, that, in this fact, we have the enemies; and my greatest enemy was my wife's mother. great secret of the world's opposition to the doctrine of She told me that I was worse than a dog, if I no more justification by faith. To admit the truth of this tenet, believed in her idol; but my eyes being opened, I un
is to admit a claim on our obedience, so instantaneous derstood that what she said was altogether folly, for I and so powerful, as may not be evaded, without
ing ourselves to a painful conflict, occasioned by the knew that she had received her idol from her grand- pangs of self-reproach, and the terrors of coming wrath. mother. It is made of leather, and decorated with There may be men base enough to abuse this truth. wampum ; and she being the oldest person in the house, But what has been the general character of its disciples ? made us worship it; which we have done till our teacher who sustained the Christian cause in the early ages of came, and told us of the Lamb of God, who shed his the Church, when exposed, during several centuries, to blood, and died for us ignorant people. I was astonished the most subtle and powerful attacks from pagan perseat this doctrine, and as often as I heard it preached, my lights of the world, through the long night which fol
cutors ? — The disciples of this doctrine. Who were the heart grew warm. I even dreamed often that our teacher lowed from the fall of the Roman empire to the dawn of stood before me and preached to me. Now I feel and the Reformation, protesting, alike, against pagan and believe that our Saviour alone can help me by the power popish imposture, and doing it to the death ?- The disof his blood, and no other. I believe that he is my God ciples of this doctrine. Who, when the days of Reforand my Saviour, who died on the cross for me, a sin- mation came, stood forth as the defenders of holy writ, ner. I wish to be baptised, and frequently long for it of life, that they might restore to mankind the free use
braving all danger, to the jeopardy, and even to the loss most ardently. I am lame, and cannot travel in winter, of their noblest possession ?_The disciples of this docbut in April or May I will come to you. The enemy trine. Who were the main instruments in perpetuating has frequently tried to make me unfaithful, but what our own liberties, and our own religion, during the geI loved before I consider more and more as dung.–1 nerations which followed upon that crisis, and when am your poor wild Choop.”
both were exposed to manifold peril ?— The disciples of Owing to his inability to travel, three other Indians this doctrine. And again we must ask,–Who gave were baptised before Choop, but, on 16th April 1742, existence to the most powerful states of the New World,
and were the donors there of those best of all gifts, a --the first Sacramental occasion at Shekomeko,—he also free government, and a pure Christianity ?-Is not the was baptised, and received the name of John. His
answer nigh thee, even in thy mouth? And, above all, growth in grace after this was most remarkable. His who have they been, who, in ancient times, or in molove for the Brethren and the Bible increased day by dern times, have been every where derided as the pure, day. “As soon as I felt that I loved Christ,” says he, the precise, the sanctimonious, the righteous over-much; "I wished for Brethren who loved him also; therefore pointed at, as being of holier aim than their neighbours ; I love Brother Rauch, and you, and all my Brethren with the voice of their cry, and by the energy of their
railed at, as those who would shake both hemispheres here, and all Brethren everywhere,—even those whom labours, in what they regard as the cause of humanity, I shall never see in this world! I rejoice more and more religion, and their God ?-We need not say who they because our Saviour makes others likewise happy, and are, who have been all this, who have endured, and not me only. There are men who say the Bible is a done all this. “ If any man will do bis will, he shall hard book; but I have not come so far as to find it hard, know of the doctrine whether it be of God. By their -it is all sweet and easy."
fruit ye shall know them."_VAUGHAN. For four years did this extraordinary man labour as
Value of Time.-Coming hastily into a chamber, I
had almost thrown down a chrystal hour-glass. Fear, an apostle among his brethren, till he was called into least I had, made me grieve, as if I had broken it; but his rest by means of the small-pox, in 1746. It is said alas, how much precious time have I cast away, withof the first ripe figs, that they are the sweetest and the out any regret! The hour-glass was but chrystal ; best, so is the work of grace among the Wahikander each hour a pearl; that but like to be broken, this lost Indians,—there is a peculiarly sweet savour of Christ outright; that but casually, this done wilfully. A in the history and the words of “ poor wild Choop."
better hour-glass might be bought, but time lost once, lost ever.
Thus we grieve more for toys than for trea
Lord give me an hour-glass, not to be by me, CHRISTIAN TREASURY.
but to be in me. “ Teach me to number my days." Effects of Justification.—The person who shall sin An hour-glass to turn me, " that I may apply my heart wilfully and habitually, whatever be his profession, will to wisdom.”_ Thomas FULLER. perish; not because he has thereby fallen from a state
Conscience.-A tender conscience is like the apple of justification, but because he has thereby shewn that of a man's eye,—the least dust that gathers into it, afhe had never attained to such a state. He is not a sanc
fects it. There is no surer and better way to know and this is the scriptural evidence of his not
whether our consciences are dead and stupid, than to being a justified man; “ for whom the Lord foreknew, observe what impression small sins make upon them; he also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of if we are not very careful to avoid all appearance of his Son; and whom he justified, them he also glorified.” evil, and to shun whatever looks like sin ; if we are These are all essential parts of the great salvation : and, not so much troubled at the vanity of our thoughts in the nature of things, it must be so. The men who and words, at the rising up of sinful motions and desires embrace the doctrine of justification by faith, have the in us, as we have been formerly, we may then conclude most enlarged conceptions of the divine purity, and the that our hearts are hardened, and our consciences are deepest feeling of obligation to the divine goodness. stupifying,—for a tender conscience will no more allow They know, more certainly than other men, that “ with of small sins than of great sins. Bishop HOPKINS.
land do you belong,' said he; describe it to me?
1,' said the other, - come from a place very different ADVERSITY.
from your barren rock; I come from the land of flood If ever bright the sun had shone,
and field, the land of wheat and barley, where nature The beauteous stars had ne'er been known,
spreads her bounty in abundance and luxuriance before Those sweet refreshing points of light
us. • Is that,' said the St Kilda man, the kind of That cheer the darkest hour of night.
land you come from? Ah then you may forget God; So had the blaze of worldly bliss
but a St Kilda man never can. Elevated on his rock, Ne'er set o'er seas of deep distress,
suspended over a precipice, tossed on the wild ocean, My eye had seen, my mind had known
he never can forget his God—he hangs continually on Nought else but this dull earth alone.
his arm.' All were silent in the boat, and not a word The Star of Jacob might have been
more was asked him regarding his religion." Veiled in the light that flowed between ;
A Single New Testament._Some years ago, Mr Ward, That light so dazzling to the eye
a Christian missionary, in going through a village near Which gilds thy day,-- Prosperity !
Calcutta, left at a native shop a Bengalee New Testa
inent, that it might be read by any of the villagers, But soon as from my sight it faded, And left my soul in sorrow shaded,
About a year afterwards, three or four of the most in
telligent of the inhabitants came to enquire further And soon as Grief her sackcloth spread
respecting the contents of the book left in their village. O’er earth, and sky, and ocean's bed ;
This ended in six or eight of them making a public The lights of heaven serenely shone ;
profession of Christianity. Among these, one deserves And my eye was led to rest upon
particular notice.-an old man named Juggernath, who Those orbs which roll in higher sphere
had long been a devotee to the idol of that name in Where all is peace while pain is here.
Orissa, had made many pilgrimages thither, and had B.
acquired such a name for sanctity, that a rich man, in
Orissa, was said to have offered him a pension for life, THE MINISTRY OF ANGELS.
on condition of his remaining with him. On his beAnd is there care in heaven ? and is there love
coming acquainted with the New Testament, he first In heavenly spirits to these creatures base,
hung his image of Krishnoo, or Juggernath, which he That may compassion of their evils move?
had hitherto worshipped, on a tree in his garden, and, There is : else much more wretched were the case
at length, cut it up to boil his rice. He remained Of men than beasts; but oh! the exceeding grace
stedfast in his profession of Christianity till his death. Of highest God! that loves his creatures so,
Two others, being men of superior natural endowments, And all his works with mercy doth embrace,
employed themselves in publishing the doctrines of That blessed angels he sends to and fro,
Christianity to their countrymen in the most fearless To serve to wicked man, to serve his wicked foe.
manner ; while their conduct was such as to secure How oft do they their silver bowers leave
them universal esteem. To come to succour us that succour want ?
The Necessity of Christian Consistency.-Dr Aikin, How oft do they with golden pinions cleave
on the authority of Sir John Cheke, relates of Linacre, The flitting skies, like flying pursuivant,
whose name is well known in the annals of medical Against foul fiends to aid us militant ?
science, that a little before his death, when worn out They for us fight, they watch and duly ward,
with disease and fatigue, he first began to read the New And their bright squadrons round about us plant;
Testament; and that when he had perused the fifth, And all for love and nothing for reward ;
sixth, and seventh chapters of Matthew, he threw down O why should heavenly God to men have such regard ? the Bible with great violence, exclaiming, “ Either that Spenser's FAERY QUEEN, Book II. Canto viii.
is not the Gospel, or we are not Christians."
Such is the effect produced upon the mind of an intelMISCELLANEOUS.
ligent man, by the appearance of Christian conduct as The St Kilda Man.- At a meeting held in refer- too generally exhibited in the world, when compared ence to the establishment of Schools in the Highlands with the view of Christian duty set before us in the and Islands of Scotland, Dr. M‘Leod, formerly of Word of God. This reads to every professing Christian Campsie, now of Glasgow, related the following beau- a most important lesson : Look well to your conduct. tiful anecdote :-“ A Highlander," observed the reverend Doctor,
Printed and Published by JOHN JOHNSTONE, at the Offices of the can give and take a joke like his neigh
SCOTTISH CHRISTIAN HERALD, 104, High Street, Edinburgh, and bours on most subjects, but there is one subject on 32, Glassford Street, Glasgow ;-JAMES Nisbet & Co., and R. H. which he will not joke_I mean his religion ; here he Moore, London ; J. DAVENPORT, Liverpool; D. R. BLEAKLEY,
Dublin; and W. M'Comb, Belfast. is reserved and shy, and this has led some who come to them from the land of strangers, to suppose that Aberdeen, Peter GRAY. Kilmarnock, CRAWFORD & Sos. they in fact have no religion. To know them you Arbroath, P. Wilson.
Lerwick, W. R. DUNCAN.
Ayr, J. Dick.
Londonderry, J. CAMPBELL. must be a Highlander.
Carlisle, H. Scott.
Manchester, BANCKS & Co. be in a boat by which a poor simple-hearted man from Dumfries, J. MACKIE.
Montrose, J. & D. NICHOL. Dundee, F. Shaw.
Newcastle, FINLAY & CHARLTON; St Kilda was advancing for the first time in his life from
Elgin, FORSYTH & YOUNG.
and CURRIE & BOWMAN. his native rock to visit the world ; and as he advanced Greenock, J. HISLOP.
Paisley, A. GARDNER. towards the Island of Mull, a world in itself in the Inverness, J. SMITH.
Perth, J. Dewar.
Wick, P. REID. estimation of the poor St Kilda man, the boatmen
And sold by the Local Agents in all the Towns and Parishes of commenced telling him the wonders he was so soon to
Scotland ; and to be procured of every Bookseller in England and see. They asked him about St Kilda ; they question- Ireland.
Subscribers in Edinburgh and Leith will have their copies deed him regarding all the peculiarities of that wonder
livered regularly at their own residences, every Saturday inorning. ful place, and rallied him not a little on his ignorance by leaving their addresses with the Publisher, or with John Linda of all those great and magnificent things which were to & Co., 7, South St. Andrew Street.-- Subscribers in Glasgow will.
in like manner, have their copies delivered, by leaving their addresses be seen in Mull. He parried them off with great cool.
at the Publishing Office there, 32, Glassford Street, ness and good humour ; at length a person in the boat Subscription (payable in adrance) per quarter, of twelve weeks, asked him if ever he heard of God in St Kilda ? Im
Is. 60.- per half-year, of twenty-four weeks, 3s.- per year, of forty
eight weeks, 6s.-Monthly Parts, containing four Numbers cachi, mediately he became grave and collected. To what | stitched in printed wrapper, Price Sevenpence.
SCOTTISH CHRISTIAN HERALD,
CONDUCTED UNDER THE SUPERINTENDENCE OF MINISTERS AND MEMBERS OF
THE ESTABLISHED CHURCH.
THE FEAR OF THE LORD, THAT IS WISDOM."
Vol. I. No. 7.
Price 11d. ON THE EVILS ARISING FROM IGNORANCE who have given their assent to the truth of OF RELIGION.
Christianity, and who profess to hold its doctrines
without having investigated those important subBY THE Rev. David RUNCIMAN, A, M.,
jects, have not exercised their minds in such a Minister of Newington Parish, Edinburgh.
manner as God commands. In the true sense of UNDERSTANDING religion in its most extended the expression, they are not rational Christians. sense, we shall contemplate the evils which flow Their convictions may be honest and sincere ; from ignorance of it under three aspects, -as it but they are not enlightened and enlarged. And affects the principles, the conduct, and the happi- what constitutes the guilt of such procedure often ness of men.
is, that they have withheld their talents, their I. From the very nature of the subject, it will be time, and their care from this, the most momenadmitted by all that the religious principles which are tous subject on which the mind can be engaged, embraced should be carefully scrutinized; and that and expended them on subjects trifling in themnothing should be received as an article of faith, selves, and to spiritual and immortal beings usewithout the most careful and rigid examination. less in their results. But, how many are there who, although they never Not only is this a state of religious character entertained one doubt of the truth of Christianity, which involves those who profess it in great guilt; or never objected to any one doctrine of the Bible, but it also lays them open to tremendous hazard. could neither give a reason for their faith, nor There is one who, at an early period of his lise, defend the Truth if impugned by an adversary. was a professed believer in Christianity. The edu
Now, if it be asked what evils result from this, cation he received,—the example he enjoyed, we affirm, that it is a state of mind contrary to both tended to the formation of a religious chathe requirements of the Word of God, and fear-racter. So long as this individual lived in the fully open to the assaults of infidelity, and the quiet of home, and breathed the atmosphere of inroads of error. The God of the Bible is a God truth, and had never been exposed to the poisonof knowledge. He hath given to man the noble ous influence of error, his principles were sound faculties of reason and understanding, and he re- and uncorrupted. To the authority of the Bible quires him to make a legitimate exercise of them he had been accustomed to bow ; nor dreamt he in matters of religion. He does not indeed allow of ever questioning its statements. Its words he had any of his creatures to come to the Bible with rea- been taught to view as a law from which there son as the standard of truth, and give them the pri- was no appeal. This person, however, had taken vilege of receiving or rejecting whatever reason Christianity upon credit
. He had never studied approves or condemns. But he calls on them to with care the evidences in favour of its truth ; exercise their reason to discover what is the truth going into the world, he soon heard the voice of which God hath revealed. And being satisfied the scorner; there was diligently rehearsed in his that any doctrine is the revealed will of God, then, presence, the often repeated and as often answered however high above the grasp of reason, however objections of Payne, or of some other infidel deenveloped in mystery, he requires reason to bend claimer. Willing to be deceived, he swallowed before the God of truth, and reverently to adore the poison. And he is himself, without inquiry what it cannot comprehend. His language is, and without effort, now an avowed unbeliever ; * Search the Scriptures, for in them ye think ye or,—what renders him more completely beyond have eternal life, and these are they which testify the reach of argument—an infidel at heart, withof me.” The high eulogium bestowed on the out honesty to avow it. Bereans of old was,
“ These are more noble than There is another who had long professed to those in Thessalonica. For they searched the hold the faith once delivered to the saints. He had Scriptures daily whether those things were so." been accustomed to believe all the great leading “ Be ready to give a reason of the hope that is in truths of the Gospel, and to consider these as at you with meekness and fear.” Those, therefore, I once precious and important. But then, these
glorious truths, he had never fully examined and | ertions which have been made in modern times compared; the objections which have been rais- to teach them the knowledge of God, all that ed to them, be had never heard, and, of course, has yet been done seems only to have rendered was unprepared to answer. The plausible and the darkness visible. bewitching, but withal most unphilosophical and in- These are facts which are known to all, and consistent criterion of truth was proposed, -reason, which most certainly give us a very appalling the reason of weak, and ignorant, and fallible, and view of the evils arising from ignorance of religion. repraved man. It looked like a mark of intellec- And what is true of nations, is equally true of tual greatness, no doubt, to test the revelation by individuals. The men who are most frequently this high authority. He was not asked, observe, to found guilty of enormous and aggravated guilt
, are give up his belief in the Bible. This might have generally those who are grossly ignorant of divine frightened him away from the temple of reason. truth. The calendar of crime in this country is But bolding this belief, he was to bring every found generally to be filled with those who have page of the Sacred Record to the ordeal of human been in early life ill instructed in religion, and hate reason. Whatever was above the comprehension been allowed to grow up in ignorance of God's of man,--above the comprehension of him, who Holy Word. How often has it happened, that those could not tell you how this soul and this body who have brought themselves to an untimely end, were united, who could not explain to you the and have been compelled to expiate their crimes simplest process of nature, was to be mangled, on the scaffold, have been men who were not maimed and destroyed. In this way, one by one even able to read, and whose knowledge, thereof the articles of our faith was abandoned; the fore, of divine things must have been limited Supreme Divinity of the Saviour,—the atonement and imperfect? he made on the cross, every thing that gives And not only is it consistent with fact, that peculiarity and value to the Gospel, was gradually ignorance is the cause, or at least the concomiyielded. He retains professedly the Bible as the tant of much iniquity, but it is farther true, that Word of God, after having blotted from its pages it has led to the most mistaken views of duty. truths the most valuable ; he is landed in what has With minds ill informed in the will of God, been called the frozen zone of Christianity,—that many have confounded right and wrong, and cold and cheerless region where no sun shines, done, through ignorance and error, what was diwhere he has a being stript of all moral glory for his rectly contrary to duty. It was in ignorance God,-a mere man for his Saviour,-an imperfect, that Saul persecuted the Church of Christ, and and sinful life as the foundation of his hope. employed all the influence of high talent, and
II.- Principle and practice are inseparably unit- impassioned eloquence, and glowing zeal, to end. What corrupts the fountain will taint the crush that Church of whose cause, when en. stream. What injures the tree will deteriorate lightened by God, he became the most powerthe fruit.
ful and prevailing advocate. Since his day many Look to the history of the ancient heathen. have fallen into similar errors, In ignorance of What is the moral aspect of that city, where the Word, how many confound sin and duty, Paul of old saw an altar erected to the “ Unknown virtue and vice. When, therefore, we consider God ?” Athens, the seat of learning and science, all these things; when we think of the evils was also the abode of debauchery and wicked- which have resulted from ignorance of religion to ness. Sin of every kind was rioting in its streets, communities and individuals,—the evils, direct and the heart of the Christian apostle saddened and indirect, which have flowed from ignorance at the sight of its magnificent temples, and gor- of God and Christ, and holiness,—we may see geous palaces. Such also was the case with how it is that people may be destroyed for lack imperial Rome—the queen of cities. Read the of knowledge. first chapter of the epistle to the Romans, and III. It is said by the wise man, “that in much you there find the moral character of its citizens knowledge there is much grief, and he that increasdrawn in colours fitted to make us blush for hu- eth in knowledge increaseth in sorrow." There is manity. And what was the cause of this? It indeed a knowledge which has this tendency and was, because they did not like to retain God in effect ; a knowledge which creates wants, without their knowledge, that God gave them up to a re- affording the means of supplying them; a knowprobate mind. Look to the present state of the ledge which creates desires, without affording the heathen world, where darkness yet reigns with means of gratifying them. But this is knowledge midnight power, where the people are yet in ut- secular and profane. There is nothing in the ter ignorance of the truth of Revelation. And knowledge of religion but what is fitted to impart what is there presented to our view? There we peace and comfort to the soul. And we cannot behold men degraded almost to a level with the imagine anything so much fitted to aggravate brutes ; the sense of right and wrong seems al- sorrow and distress
, as ignorance of the only most extinguished ; every thing that is base and foundation of consolation. abominable practised without shame or fear. Many are the ills, the sorrows, and the cares
Their very religious rites show, that while they of the sinful children of men. Different, indeed, 1 there is a God, they think him such an are the forms in which afiliction visits their habi
iselves. Notwithstanding all the ex. I tations. But where is the happy home which
sorrow never saddens, which adversity never dar- " Mr Werry began by asking, why he wished to turn kens ? In this vale of tears, this world of sha- Turk. He said, for a very plain reason, that he could dows—we seek in vain for such a dwelling. And not live by his own religion.—He had been on board
many years, and suffered ill-treatment. This he said when misfortune enters, and proclaims that man in a faint and skulking manner, standing so that Mr is born unto trouble, where is consolation and Werry could only just see him, and entirely avoiding support to be found ?
Mr Werry said, that he was there on the To those on whom poverty has laid its wither- part of the English Consul, whose son he was, to offer ing hand, or whom disease has stretched on the him safe passage to England; and, if he had been bribbed of languishing, or whose dwelling the angel ed, that he would see to his being set in a fair way of of death has visited, would it impart consolation swered, " No: I shall remain where I am. I have to be told to bear with stoical apathy their mis- made up my mind.' Mr Werry said, “ Remember, that fortunes, or to listen to declamations on the user what you are going to do now cannot be undone, ang lessness of grief, or to be asked to look forward that it is a disgrace to a man to change his religion. to the land of silence and oblivion ? Many are
The man made no reply, except to mutter something, the consolations which can be given, apart from
that he saw no importance in the question of religion. religion--and miserable comforters are they all.
Then turning to me, Mr Werry said, “You see he is
resolved : what more can we do ?' In religion alone there is what can soothe and
" I then asked the man how long he had taken to support the soul in the day of trouble and of dark- think about it. He said he had been now two days ness. It teaches men that every trial, whether thinking of it. . And don't you know, that, in changpersonal, domestic, or worldly, comes from Himing your religion, you are denying your only Saviour who ruleth over all; that it is designed in great
the Lord that bought you ?' He just looked at ine, but mercy to bring men to himself ; that it is part of order that you may live better ; but what will you do
• You said that you change in
gave me no answer. that mysterious, but divine discipline, by which they in the day of judgment ?' He said something which are fitted for glory; and that when all their trials seemed to me to imply that he did not take my meanshall have come to a close, they will enter into ing; probably not having looked for such kind of puesthat happy land where neither sorrow, nor suf- tions. I therefore said, When Jesus Christ, the Refering, nor death, nor sin, ever enter.
deemer, comes to judge the world, what will you do, Look to that house in the day of misfortune, who have denied him? He hung back behind the Turks
without answering. You see,' said Mr Werry, that where religion is unknown, and where its inmates he is lost.' It seemed to me, from the manner of the are the votaries of intidelity and superstition. If company, that they were now going to bring him fortheir calamity be poverty, then the hard hand of ward to go through the form; and Mr Werry, by luis penury is doubly severe; if their misfortune be manner, gave him up as a lost man. He was hiinself disease, it is submitted to with repining; and pain indeed, as he afterwards said to me, in wardly depressed
at the sight of such a victim. I said, however, to the gathers intensity froin fretfulness; death is looked
My friend,'—for he would hardly face me, but forward to with terror ; the grave is looked to not slunk back, so that I was obliged to lean forward a litonly as the sepulchre of vitality, but of hope. tle_since you seem bent on this bad act, yet remem
ber, hereafter, that Peter denied his Master three times; APOSTACY TO MAHOMMEDANISM. yet afterwards he repented, and Christ forgave him ;
and it would be better for you thus to repent. I had The following interesting account is extracted from “ Jowett's Christian Researches in the Mediterranean." | willingly stepped up on the raised floor where we sat,
no time to say more, for they put him forward, and he “ I had heard, late yesterday evening, that an Eng- and stood before the Moolah : though, I am persuaded, lishman is going to turn Turk. I thought, yet not not without some uncomfortable sensations, for he was without shuddering, that I should like to be present at very much indisposed to speak to us very white in the the scene, and that it might be turned to some good face-and, once or twice, his legs trembled, as I perpurpose.
I obtained, therefore, what information Iceived from his loose trowsers ; whether from a troucould on the subject ; and noted down some questions bled conscience, or only from the impressiveness of the which I should like to ask the man. This morning I
I cannot divine. Thus he stood before the Priest, inquired whether I might witness the ceremony; and, who went over a forin of words in Arabic, two words happily found no objection. Mr John Werry and my
at a tiine, so that the man might repeat them after him. self, therefore, preceded by the English Dragoman or They might be about five sentences. I did not under. Interpreter, and by the Head Janissary or Turkish stand them ; but they ended with the usual declaration, Guard in the service of the English Consul, went to
That there is but one God, and Mahomet is the Prowitness a scene of this nature. " “ We entered the apartments of the Mayor; his De- phet of God. The man was then iınınediately taken
out of the room." puty received us, in a very shabby room,
Pipes and coffee were served—very little conversation. The De
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF puty bad a pair of long scissars in his hand, with which
CHRISTIAN FREDERICK SWARTZ. he was cutting little square pieces of paper, called Tesseras ; on which he had written Orders or Patents, CHRISTIAN FREDERICK Swartz was born at Sonnenand which he signed with a small signet. Presently a burg, a small town in Prussia, on the 26th of October stout man came in, attended by servants, bearing a 1726. His parents appear to have occupied a respectpresent in a basket. The man was a Tunisine, and able station in life. His mother, who was a woman was come to raise troops for Algiers. Never did I eminent for her piety, died during his infancy, and the see so stout a man; be seemed built like a tower. education of her son seems to have been a subject which
" The man was soon brought in, and stood at the far occupied much of her attention upon her death bed. end of the room, in the midst of a group of Turks. As the prayerful Hannah dedicated the infant Samuel There were sixteen Turks in the room, and the Rus- to the God who had given him, saying, “ As long as he sian Dragoman was also present,
liveth he shall be lent to the Lord,” so did the pious